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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349050/a-comparison-of-the-local-flap-and-skin-graft-by-location-of-face-in-reconstruction-after-resection-of-facial-skin-cancer
#1
Kyung Suk Lee, Jun Oh Kim, Nam Gyun Kim, Yoon Jung Lee, Young Ji Park, Jun Sik Kim
Background: Surgery for reconstruction of defects after surgery should be performed selectively and the many points must be considered. The authors conducted this study to compare the local flap and skin graft by facial location in the reconstruction after resection of facial skin cancer. Methods: The authors performed the study in patients that had received treatment in Department of Plastic Surgery, Gyeongsang National University. The cases were analyzed according to the reconstruction methods for the defects after surgery, sex, age, tumor site, and tumor size...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331408/long-term-craniofacial-morphology-in-young-adults-treated-for-a-non-syndromal-uclp-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Isabelle F P M Kappen, Whitney R Yoder, Aebele B Mink van der Molen, Corstiaan C Breugem
Minimizing mid-facial growth impairment is one of the treatment goals in cleft lip and palate surgery. As growth of the maxilla extends into young adulthood, long-term evaluation is essential to make a comprehensive assessment of a treatment protocol. There are numerous treatment approaches for cleft lip/palate surgery, and most have the characteristic distinction between either an early or a late cleft palate closure. PRISMA guidelines were applied to explore the quality of the current literature and to identify treatment factors influencing long-term cephalometric outcomes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303852/interpositional-arthroplasty-by-temporalis-fascia-flap-and-galea-aponeurotica-combined-with-distraction-osteogenesis-a-modified-method-in-treatment-of-adult-patients-with-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-and-mandibular-dysplasia
#3
Jia Qiao, Bing Yu, Lai Gui, Xi Fu, Chung-Kwan Yen, Feng Niu, Huijun Zhang, Cai Wang, Ying Chen, Meng Wang, Jianfeng Liu
BACKGROUND: Interpositional arthroplasty (IPA) with temporalis fascia flap has been one of the most frequently performed procedures to treat temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis. However, recurrence often occurs when the flap lacks bulk or atrophies. Whether to perform IPA or distraction osteogenesis (DO) first has long been a controversial issue when patients presented mandibular dysplasia (MD). This study provided IPA a new graft material sufficient to prevent recurrence, combined the modified protocol of performing DO 6 months after IPA, and evaluated its efficacy in treating TMJ ankylosis patients with MD...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289988/rerouting-the-internal-thoracic-pedicle-a-novel-solution-for-maxillofacial-reconstruction-in-vessel-depleted-situations-a-preliminary-anatomic-study
#4
François Morel, Frédéric Crampon, Jérôme Adnot, Pierre-Yves Litzler, Fabrice Duparc, Olivier Trost
PURPOSE: Microsurgical reconstruction in a vessel-depleted neck is a challenge due to the lack of reliable vessels in or nearby the host site. The use of the internal thoracic pedicle (ITP) by rib section or sparring is a limited option due to the small length of the pedicle of some flaps. However, in cardiac surgery, the internal thoracic artery (ITA) is widely used for myocardial revascularization, providing a long and versatile pedicle. We aimed at determining precise anatomical bases for the use of the ITP, approached by sternotomy and rerouted in the neck, as recipient vessels for free-flap facial reconstructions...
December 30, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283945/computer-assisted-volumetric-analysis-and-quantitatively-anophthalmic-orbit-reconstruction-with-dorsalis-pedis-flap-and-bone-graft
#5
Li-Ying Cheng, Wei-Wei Bian, Xiao-Ming Sun, Zhe-Yuan Yu, Ying Zhang, Lu Zhang, Yu-Guang Zhang, Rong Jin
Current approaches to orbit reconstruction are based on the assumption of facial symmetry and surgeons' experiences, and the reconstructed orbits are not precise. Through computer-assisted volumetric quantitative analysis, the volume of the bony orbit, and the volume of the soft tissues in both the anophthalmic orbit and the contralateral orbit are calculated in 39 anophthalmic patients. The rib graft is used for orbit reconstruction; the dosalis pedis flap and lipo-injection were used for soft tissue reconstruction and skin socket reconstruction...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236278/head-and-neck-surgical-reconstruction-in-operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-enduring-freedom-afghanistan-a-systematic-review
#6
Samantha J Mikals, Joshua M Jabaut, Art A Ambrosio
Historically, head and neck injuries constituted 16 to 20% of all nonfatal combat injuries. However, advances in body and vehicle armor in the context of the use of ambushes and improvised explosive devices by enemy combatants have resulted in fewer fatalities from head and neck wounds, and thus the incidence of nonfatal head and neck injuries has risen to as high as 52%. Despite this increase, data regarding specific injury distributions, surgical cases, and approaches to repair are lacking in the current literature...
December 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229134/animal-models-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-simulation-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Aline Yen Ling Wang, Vincent Tze Yang Tiong, Thanassi Athanassopoulos, Meiling Loh, Philip Lim, Huang-Kai Kao
BACKGROUND: The use of live and cadaveric animal models in surgical training is well established as a means of teaching and improving surgical skill in a controlled setting. We aim to review, evaluate, and summarize the models published in the literature that are applicable to Plastic Surgery training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search for keywords relating to animal models in Plastic Surgery and the associated procedures was conducted. Animal models that had cross over between specialties such as microsurgery with Neurosurgery and pinnaplasty with ear, nose, and throat surgery were included as they were deemed to be relevant to our training curriculum...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222966/optimizing-functional-outcomes-in-mandibular-condyle-reconstruction-with-the-free-fibula-flap-using-computer-aided-design-and-manufacturing-technology
#8
Z-Hye Lee, Tomer Avraham, Casian Monaco, Ashish A Patel, David L Hirsch, Jamie P Levine
PURPOSE: Mandibular defects involving the condyle represent a complex reconstructive challenge for restoring proper function of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) because it requires precise bone graft alignment for full restoration of joint function. The use of computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology can aid in accurate reconstruction of mandibular condyle defects with a vascularized free fibula flap without the need for additional adjuncts. The purpose of this study was to analyze clinical and functional outcomes after reconstruction of mandibular condyle defects using only a free fibula graft with the help of virtual surgery techniques...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222560/masseteric-nerve-transfer-for-facial-nerve-paralysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Alexander W Murphey, William B Clinkscales, Samuel L Oyer
Importance: A review of the role of masseteric nerve transfer is needed to guide its use in facial reanimation. Objective: To systematically review the available literature, and, when applicable, analyze the combined outcomes of masseteric nerve transfer to better define its role in reanimation and to guide further research. Data Sources: Two independent researchers conducted the review using PubMed-NCBI and Scopus literature databases for studies on masseteric nerve transfer for facial nerve paralysis...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218849/reconstruction-of-full-thickness-cheek-defect-with-chimeric-facial-artery-free-flap-a-case-report
#10
Olindo Massarelli, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Roberta Gobbi, Giovanni Dell'aversana Orabona, Giacomo De Riu
Full-thickness cheek defects represent a difficult challenge for reconstructive surgeons. Multiple techniques have been described, including local, regional, and free flaps. In this report, the reconstruction of a through and through left cheek defect, resulting from a self-inflicted gunshot injury, with a chimeric facial artery free flap is presented. The patient underwent reconstruction with a chimeric full-thickness facial artery free flap, with 9 × 3 cm diameter skin paddle and a 6 × 5 cm myomucosal paddle, was harvested on the contralateral cheek with a 7-cm length of facial pedicle...
December 8, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218287/use-of-forehead-flap-for-nasal-tip-reconstruction-after-traumatic-nasal-amputation
#11
Mohamad Ahmadi Moghadam, Shokofeh Ahmadi Moghadam
Nose is one of the most important aesthetic unit of the face.Management of nasal trauma plays a significant role in the practices of the majority of facial and reconstructive surgeons. Replantation, although technically very challenging, is undoubtedly the procedure of choice following traumatic nasal amputation. Here we present an illustrative case report of the traumatic amputation of a nasal tip that was treated successfully with a paramedian forehead flap and further nasal reconstructive surgery. Use of the forehead flap was performed five hours after the occurrence of trauma and was followed by surgical repair about three weeks later...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203066/-the-sural-medial-perforator-flap-anatomical-bases-surgical-technique-and-indications-in-head-and-neck-reconstruction
#12
S Struk, J-B Schaff, Q Qassemyar
INTRODUCTION: The medial sural artery perforator (MSAP) flap is defined as a thin cutaneo-adipose perforator flap harvested on the medial aspect of the leg. The aims of this study were to describe the anatomical basis as well as the surgical technique and discuss the indications in head and neck reconstructive surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We harvested 10 MSAP flap on 5 fresh cadavers. For each case, the number and the location of the perforators were recorded...
December 1, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201373/free-anterolateral-thigh-full-thickness-skin-flap-with-vascularized-lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-for-the-reconstruction-of-facial-nerve-and-external-auditory-canal-after-the-resection-of-facial-nerve-schwannoma
#13
Ryo Karakawa, Mitsunaga Narushima, Shinya Ogishima, Hisako Hara, Shotaro Karino, Takuya Iida, Akinobu Kakigi, Isao Koshima
The complex reconstruction of nerves and soft tissue in the head and neck region is still challenging, especially in cases requiring external auditory canal reconstruction with facial nerve reconstruction. We report a case of left facial schwannoma extending into the external auditory canal beyond the tympanic membrane with facial paralysis in which the reconstruction of both the facial nerve and external auditory canal was successfully performed using an anterolateral thigh flap as a super-thin full-thickness skin flap, including vascularized lateral femoral cutaneous nerve...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193596/superiorly-based-facial-artery-musculomucosal-flap-a-versatile-pedicled-flap
#14
Ilyes Berania, François Lavigne, Akram Rahal, Tareck Ayad
BACKGROUND: The superiorly based facial artery musculomucosal (FAMM) flap is pedicled on the angular artery. This flap offers a well-vascularized mucosal surface allowing closure of medium size defects, most frequently within the oral cavity and intranasal region. METHODS: We describe a superiorly based harvest of the FAMM flap, which may be used for closure of multiple head and neck surgical defects. An operative technique video is provided, which can be viewed online...
November 29, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188760/surgical-complications-and-their-management-in-cochlear-implantees-less-than-5-years-of-age-the-kemh-pune-experience
#15
Sayali Shiras, Neelam Vaid, Sanjay Vaid, Ajay Kothadiya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of surgical complications of cochlear implantation and their management at K.E.M. hospital Pune. METHODS: It was a retrospective and prospective observational study conducted from February 2006 to December 2015 in the paediatric age group of 12 months to 5 years (213 cases). The complications were divided into major and minor groups based on the classification proposed by Cohen and Hoffman. RESULTS: The mean age of implantation was 3...
November 30, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175136/the-liquid-facelift-first-hands-on-experience-with-facial-water-jet-assisted-liposuction-as-an-additive-technique-for-rhytidectomy-a-case-series-of-25-patients
#16
Kai O Kaye, Sonja Kästner, Felix J Paprottka, Phillipp Gonser
OBJECTIVE: Recently, water jet-assisted liposuction (WAL) was successfully applied by several other authors to remove fat and induce skin contraction in nonfacial body areas. Extending the range of indications for this new method, the authors of this article report on their first experience with its use in facial contouring, fat harvesting, and hydrodissection of the facial skin flap in rhytidectomy in a case series of 25 patients. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (median age: 56 years) had facelift surgery under sedation, and the WAL technique was used for facial contouring, fat harvesting for facial lipotransfer, and hydrodissection of the facial skin flap...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174104/reconstruction-of-intraoral-defects-after-resection-of-cancer-with-two-types-of-submental-artery-perforator-flaps
#17
L Huang, W-M Wang, X Gao, Y-X Yuan, X-Q Chen, X-C Jian
The submental island flap is a common choice for reconstruction of intraoral defects. To obtain a thinner, more pliable flap and get a better oncological result, the submental artery perforator flap has been proposed, and to assess its feasibility for closure of defects after resection of cancers of the oral cavity we studied 20 patients, each of whom was treated in this way. All the flaps were classified into those with septocutaneous perforators (n=16) and those with musculocutaneous perforators (n=4), and the main veins that drained the flaps were two submental veins (n=17)...
January 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165433/management-of-free-flap-failure-in-head-and-neck-surgery
#18
C Copelli, K Tewfik, L Cassano, N Pederneschi, S Catanzaro, A Manfuso, R Cocchi
Free flap surgery is overall considered the gold standard in head and neck reconstruction, with a success rate of 95%. The management of a total flap necrosis and which solution, between a pedicled or a second free flap, is safer for a salvage procedure is still controversial. Object of this study is to describe the authors' management of total free flap loss in head and neck reconstruction and compare the choices and results to those reported in the literature. From January 2012 to January 2016, 149 consecutive free flaps were performed at the Maxillo- Facial Operative Unit of the Hospital Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza in San Giovanni Rotondo (Italy) for reconstruction of head and neck defects...
October 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163697/reoperation-following-the-use-of-non-standardized-procedures-for-malignant-parotid-tumors
#19
Xiangmin Zhang, Xiangfu Zeng, Xiaolin Lan, Jing Huang, Keqing Luo, Keqiang Tian, Xiuhong Wu, Fufu Xiao, Shaojin Li
Non-standardized or conservative procedures are employed when parotid tumors involving the facial nerve or parotid carcinoma are misdiagnosed as benign parotid tumors prior to or during surgery. Remedial measures are usually required when the pathological diagnosis of a malignant parotid tumor is confirmed following surgery. The aim of the present study was to systematically evaluate reoperation subsequent to treatment with non-standardized procedures for malignant parotid tumors, and to explore the preoperative diagnoses, the primary procedure selection and the necessity of reoperation following non-standardized procedures in malignant parotid tumors...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153254/facial-reanimation-surgery-in-m%C3%A3-bius-syndrome-experience-from-76-cases-from-a-tertiary-referral-hospital-in-latin-america
#20
A Cardenas-Mejia, D Palafox
INTRODUCTION: Möbius syndrome is defined as a combined congenital bilateral facial and abducens nerve palsies. The main goal of treatment is to provide facial reanimation by means of a dynamic surgical procedure. The microneurovascular transfer of a free muscle transplant is the procedure of choice for facial animation in a child with facial paralysis. OBSERVATION: Between January 2008 and January 2017, 124 patients with the syndrome have been approached at our institution...
November 15, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
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