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soft tissue manipulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440702/a-fluidic-device-for-the-controlled-formation-and-real-time-monitoring-of-soft-membranes-self-assembled-at-liquid-interfaces
#1
Arturo Mendoza-Meinhardt, Lorenzo Botto, Alvaro Mata
Membrane materials formed at the interface between two liquids have found applications in a large variety of technologies, from sensors to drug-delivery and catalysis. However, studying the formation of these membranes in real-time presents considerable challenges, owing to the difficulty of prescribing the location and instant of formation of the membrane, the difficulty of observing time-dependent membrane shape and thickness, and the poor reproducibility of results obtained using conventional mixing procedures...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430055/conservative-management-of-mri-confirmed-knee-osteoarthritis-with-instrument-assisted-soft-tissue-mobilization-joint-manipulation-and-platelet-rich-plasma
#2
Arif Karmali
Objective: To describe the successful conservative management of a patient with chronic degenerative knee pain. Clinical Features: An active 47 year-old female office-worker with intermittent right knee pain inferolateral to the right patella for eight months described difficulty ascending stairs, sitting on a chair for one hour, and squatting. A physical exam led to the diagnosis of a suspected chronic degenerative tear of the posterior horn of the right medial meniscus and chronic right subpatellar chondrosis, in addition to extensive cartilaginous degeneration revealed by an MRI study conducted prior to initial presentation...
December 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417348/perioperative-management-of-external-fixation-in-staged-protocols-an-international-survey
#3
Sandro Hodel, Björn-Christian Link, Reto Babst, W H Mallee, Philippe Posso, Frank J P Beeres
INTRODUCTION: Despite the frequent use of external fixation, various regimes of antibiotic prophylaxis, surgical technique and postoperative pin care exist and underline the lack of current evidence. The aim of the study was to assess the variability or consensus in perioperative protocols to prevent implant-associated infections for temporary external fixation in closed fractures of the extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 26-question survey was sent to 170 members of the Traumaplatform...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409275/early-radiographic-risk-factors-for-rigid-relapse-in-idiopathic-clubfoot-treated-with-the-ponseti-method
#4
Kenichi Mishima, Hiroshi Kitoh, Masaki Matsushita, Hiroshi Sugiura, Sachi Hasegawa, Akiko Kitamura, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at identifying early risk factors for rigid relapse in idiopathic clubfoot using foot radiographs. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with 43 idiopathic clubfeet treated with the Ponseti method were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: There were seven rigid relapse recalcitrant to manipulation and requiring extensive soft-tissue release. Three radiograabphic measurements on the maximum dorsiflexion lateral (MD-Lat) radiograph, talocalcaneal (TaloCalc-Lat), tibiocalcaneal (TibCalc-Lat), and calcaneus-first metatarsal (CalcMT1-Lat) angles, showed significant differences between patients with and without rigid relapse...
June 17, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409220/safe-aftercare-following-foot-ankle-surgery-doing-less-is-more-the-jones-dressing-cast-part-2
#5
Tonio Gottlieb, Kaj Klaue
BACKGROUND: There is no universal approach to surgery aftercare among foot and ankle surgeons. Although infections following foot and ankle surgery are rare, soft tissue healing can be jeopardized after extensive and multiple approaches. METHODS: We defined a precise fixation technique of the foot and ankle in the immediate post-operative phase using what we call "the Jones dressing cast". This technique is a modification of the Jones dressing bandage...
February 17, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406410/techniques-for-interventional-mri-guidance-in-closed-bore-systems
#6
Harald Busse, Thomas Kahn, Michael Moche
Efficient image guidance is the basis for minimally invasive interventions. In comparison with X-ray, computed tomography (CT), or ultrasound imaging, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides the best soft tissue contrast without ionizing radiation and is therefore predestined for procedural control. But MRI is also characterized by spatial constraints, electromagnetic interactions, long imaging times, and resulting workflow issues. Although many technical requirements have been met over the years-most notably magnetic resonance (MR) compatibility of tools, interventional pulse sequences, and powerful processing hardware and software-there is still a large variety of stand-alone devices and systems for specific procedures only...
February 2018: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374956/antitumorigenic-effects-of-zak%C3%AE-an-alternative-splicing-isoform-of-zak
#7
Jin-Sun Lee, Yuh-Yih Lin, Tsu-Shing Wang, Jer-Yuh Liu, Wei-Wen Lin, Jaw-Ji Yang
Sterile alpha motif- and leucine-zipper-containing kinase (ZAK) plays a role in the regulation of cell cycle progression and oncogenic transformation. The ZAK gene generates two transcript variants, ZAKα and ZAKβ, through alternative splicing. In this study, we identified that ZAKα proteins were upregulated in tumor tissues, whereas ZAKβ proteins were mostly expressed in corresponding normal tissues. The ectopically expressed ZAKβ proteins in cancer cells inhibited cancer cell proliferation as well as anchorage-independent growth...
January 29, 2018: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364873/small-scale-soft-bodied-robot-with-multimodal-locomotion
#8
Wenqi Hu, Guo Zhan Lum, Massimo Mastrangeli, Metin Sitti
Untethered small-scale (from several millimetres down to a few micrometres in all dimensions) robots that can non-invasively access confined, enclosed spaces may enable applications in microfactories such as the construction of tissue scaffolds by robotic assembly, in bioengineering such as single-cell manipulation and biosensing, and in healthcare such as targeted drug delivery and minimally invasive surgery. Existing small-scale robots, however, have very limited mobility because they are unable to negotiate obstacles and changes in texture or material in unstructured environments...
January 24, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355792/does-the-application-site-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-alter-spinal-tissues-loading
#9
Martha Funabashi, François Nougarou, Martin Descarreaux, Narasimha Prasad, Gregory N Kawchuk
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Previous studies found that the intervertebral disc (IVD) experiences the greatest loads during spinal manipulation therapy (SMT). PURPOSE: Based on that, this study aimed to determine if loads experienced by spinal tissues are significantly altered when the application site of SMT is changed. STUDY DESIGN: A biomechanical robotic serial dissection study SAMPLE: 13 porcine cadaveric motion segments OUTCOME MEASURES: Forces experienced by lumbar spinal tissues METHODS: A servo-controlled linear actuator provided standardized 300N SMT simulations to 6 different cutaneous locations of the porcine lumbar spine: L2/L3 and L3/L4 facet joints (FJ), L3 and L4 transverse processes (TVP), and the space between the FJs and TVPs (BTW)...
January 17, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317370/3d-printed-gelatin-scaffolds-of-differing-pore-geometry-modulate-hepatocyte-function-and-gene-expression
#10
Phillip L Lewis, Richard M Green, Ramille N Shah
Three dimensional (3D) printing is highly amenable to the fabrication of tissue-engineered organs of a repetitive microstructure such as the liver. The creation of uniform and geometrically repetitive tissue scaffolds can also allow for the control over cellular aggregation and nutrient diffusion. However, the effect of differing geometries, while controlling for pore size, has yet to be investigated in the context of hepatocyte function. In this study, we show the ability to precisely control pore geometry of 3D-printed gelatin scaffolds...
January 6, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303758/response-of-soft-tissue-to-different-abutment-materials-with-different-surface-topographies-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Feras Al Rezk, Georgia Trimpou, Hans-Christoph Lauer, Paul Weigl, Nadine Krockow
Soft tissue integration in the transmucosal zone of dental abutments supports the peri-implant tissues, improves esthetics, ensures soft tissue seal against microorganisms, and preserves crestal bone level. The aim of this literature review was to define the most favorable surface topography and macrodesign of the transmucosal zone of abutments to achieve optimal soft tissue seal. An electronic search of the PubMed/MEDLINE database was performed, seeking relevant English-language articles published between January 1, 2003, and October 11, 2014...
January 2018: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276462/chiropractic-care-in-the-management-of-inactive-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-series
#12
Stacey M Cornelson, David Beavers, Allison Harvey, William Hogarth, Norman W Kettner
Objective: This report describes chiropractic management for 3 cases of inactive ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Clinical Features: A 25-year-old woman presented with chronic, mechanical neck pain and stiffness that was ultimately diagnosed as AS. A 23-year-old man presented with chronic low back and left hip pain that was diagnosed as AS. A 31-year-old man with low back pain presented with a known diagnosis of AS. Physical examination in 2 cases failed to identify systemic findings associated with AS...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273722/cell-assembly-in-self-foldable-multi-layered-soft-micro-rolls
#13
Tetsuhiko F Teshima, Hiroshi Nakashima, Yuko Ueno, Satoshi Sasaki, Calum S Henderson, Shingo Tsukada
Multi-layered thin films with heterogeneous mechanical properties can be spontaneously transformed to realise various three-dimensional (3D) geometries. Here, we describe micro-patterned all-polymer films called micro-rolls that we use for encapsulating, manipulating, and observing adherent cells in vitro. The micro-rolls are formed of twin-layered films consisting of two polymers with different levels of mechanical stiffness; therefore they can be fabricated by using the strain engineering and a self-folding rolling process...
December 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273079/united-kingdom-frozen-shoulder-trial-uk-frost-multi-centre-randomised-12-month-parallel-group-superiority-study-to-compare-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-early-structured-physiotherapy-versus-manipulation-under-anaesthesia-versus-arthroscopic-capsular
#14
Stephen Brealey, Alison L Armstrong, Andrew Brooksbank, Andrew Jonathan Carr, Charalambos P Charalambous, Cushla Cooper, Belen Corbacho, Joseph Dias, Iona Donnelly, Lorna Goodchild, Catherine Hewitt, Ada Keding, Lucksy Kottam, Sarah E Lamb, Catriona McDaid, Matthew Northgraves, Gerry Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Sarwat Shah, Emma Sharp, Sally Spencer, David Torgerson, Francine Toye, Amar Rangan
BACKGROUND: Frozen shoulder (also known as adhesive capsulitis) occurs when the capsule, or the soft tissue envelope around the ball and socket shoulder joint, becomes scarred and contracted, making the shoulder tight, painful and stiff. It affects around 1 in 12 men and 1 in 10 women of working age. Although this condition can settle with time (typically taking 1 to 3 years), for some people it causes severe symptoms and needs referral to hospital. Our aim is to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of two invasive and costly surgical interventions that are commonly used in secondary care in the National Health Service (NHS) compared with a non-surgical comparator of Early Structured Physiotherapy...
December 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259395/cervical-spine-mechanism-for-reproduction-of-the-biomechanical-behaviours-of-the-human-neck-during-rotation-traction-manipulation
#15
Yuancan Huang, Shuai Li, Minshan Feng, Liguo Zhu
Rotation-traction (RT) manipulation is a commonly used physical therapy procedure in TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) for cervical spondylosis. This procedure temporarily separates the C3 and C4 cervical vertebrae from each other when a physician applies a jerky action while the neck is voluntarily turned by the patient to a specific position as instructed by the physician, where the cervical vertebrae are twisted and locked. However, a high rate of cervical injury occurs due to inexperienced physician interns who lack sufficient training...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248462/fibroblasts-promote-inflammation-and-pain-via-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induction-of-the-monocyte-chemoattractant-ccl2
#16
Hannah Louise Paish, Nicolas Stewart Kalson, Graham Robert Smith, Alicia Del Carpio Pons, Thomas Edward Baldock, Nicholas Smith, Katarzyna Swist-Szulik, David John Weir, Michelle Bardgett, David John Deehan, Derek Austin Mann, Lee Anthony Borthwick
Fibroblasts persist within fibrotic scar tissue and exhibit considerable phenotypic and functional plasticity. Here, we hypothesized that scar-associated fibroblasts may be a source of stress-induced inflammatory exacerbations and pain. To test this idea we used a human model of surgery-induced fibrosis, total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Using a combination of tissue protein expression profiling and bioinformatics we discovered that many months following TKA the fibrotic joint exists in a state of unresolved chronic inflammation...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201346/the-chiropractic-profession-a-scoping-review-of-utilization-rates-reasons-for-seeking-care-patient-profiles-and-care-provided
#17
REVIEW
Peter J H Beliveau, Jessica J Wong, Deborah A Sutton, Nir Ben Simon, André E Bussières, Silvano A Mior, Simon D French
Background: Previous research has investigated utilization rates, who sees chiropractors, for what reasons, and the type of care that chiropractors provide. However, these studies have not been comprehensively synthesized. We aimed to give a global overview by summarizing the current literature on the utilization of chiropractic services, reasons for seeking care, patient profiles, and assessment and treatment provided. Methods: Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Index to Chiropractic Literature using keywords and subject headings (MeSH or ChiroSH terms) from database inception to January 2016...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197505/a-safer-urea-based-in-situ-hybridization-method-improves-detection-of-gene-expression-in-diverse-animal-species
#18
Chiara Sinigaglia, Daniel Thiel, Andreas Hejnol, Evelyn Houliston, Lucas Leclère
In situ hybridization is a widely employed technique allowing spatial visualization of gene expression in fixed specimens. It has greatly advanced our understanding of biological processes, including developmental regulation. In situ protocols are today routinely followed in numerous laboratories, and although details might change, they all include a hybridization step, where specific antisense RNA or DNA probes anneal to the target nucleic acid sequence. This step is generally carried out at high temperatures and in a denaturing solution, called hybridization buffer, commonly containing 50% (v/v) formamide - a hazardous chemical...
December 8, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182100/dielectric-elastomer-actuators-for-soft-wave-handling-systems
#19
Tao Wang, Jinhua Zhang, Jun Hong, Michael Yu Wang
This article presents a soft handling system inspired by the principle of the natural wave (named Wave-Handling system) aiming to offer a soft solution to delicately transport and sort fragile items such as fruits, vegetables, biological tissues in food, and biological industries. The system consists of an array of hydrostatically coupled dielectric elastomer actuators (HCDEAs). Due to the electrostriction property of dielectric elastomers, the handling system can be controlled by electric voltage rather than the cumbersome pneumatic system...
March 2017: Soft Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177676/extracranial-extra-cns-spread-of-embryonal-tumor-with-multilayered-rosettes-etmr-case-series-and-systematic-review
#20
Ashish H Shah, Ziad Khatib, Toba Niazi
BACKGROUND: Embryonal tumors with multilayered rosettes (ETMR) is a rare variant of embryonal tumor of infancy with nearly 200 cases reported in the literature. Leptomeningeal spread of this tumor is well known; however, extracranial metastasis has been sparsely reported in the literature. METHODS: Our study was divided into two sections: (1) We conducted a retrospective review of our patient series of ETMR and screened for patients with evidence of ETMR over the last 10 years 2007-2017 at a single tertiary referral pediatric hospital, and (2) we conducted a systematic review according to PRISMA guidelines of all reported cases of ETMR to determine the incidence of extracranial metastasis and treatment paradigms...
November 25, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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