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Piriformis syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633454/long-term-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-injection-of-incobotulinumtoxina-in-piriformis-syndrome
#1
Manuel Rodríguez-Piñero, Victoria Vidal Vargas, Aguas Santas Jiménez Sarmiento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616638/piriformis-muscle-syndrome-with-assessment-of-sciatic-nerve-using-diffusion-tensor-imaging-and-tractography-a-case-report
#2
Keizo Wada, Tomohiro Goto, Tomoya Takasago, Daisuke Hamada, Koichi Sairyo
Piriformis muscle syndrome (PMS) is difficult to diagnose by objective evaluation of sciatic nerve injury. Here we report a case of PMS diagnosed by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and tractography of the sciatic nerve, which can assess and visualize the extent of nerve injury. The patient was a 53-year-old man with a 2-year history of continuous pain and numbness in the left leg. His symptoms worsened when sitting. Physical examination, including sensorimotor neurologic tests, the deep tendon reflex test, and the straight leg raise test, revealed no specific findings...
June 14, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567214/surgical-treatment-of-piriformis-syndrome
#3
Suk Ku Han, Yong Sik Kim, Tae Hyeon Kim, Soo Hwan Kang
BACKGROUND: Piriformis syndrome (PS) is an uncommon disease characterized by symptoms resulting from compression/irritation of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle. Uncertainty and controversy remain regarding the proper diagnosis and most effective form of treatment for PS. This study analyzes the diagnostic methods and efficacy of conservative and surgical treatments for PS. METHODS: From March 2006 to February 2013, we retrospectively reviewed 239 patients who were diagnosed with PS and screened them for eligibility according to our inclusion/exclusion criteria...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213852/-imaging-of-the-lumbosacral-plexus-diagnostics-and-treatment-planning-with-high-resolution-procedures
#4
S Jengojan, C Schellen, G Bodner, G Kasprian
BACKGROUND: Technical advances in magnetic resonance (MR) and ultrasound-based neurography nowadays facilitate the radiological assessment of the lumbosacral plexus. OBJECTIVE: Anatomy and imaging of the lumbosacral plexus and diagnostics of the most common pathologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Description of the clinically feasible combination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound diagnostics, case-based illustration of imaging techniques and individual advantages of MRI and ultrasound-based diagnostics for various pathologies of the lumbosacral plexus and its peripheral nerves...
February 17, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111733/pulsed-radiofrequency-treatment-of-piriformis-syndrome-in-a-pregnant-patient-with-malignant-mesenchymal-tumor
#5
Lütfiye Pirbudak, Alper Sevinç, Selim Kervancıoğlu, Piraye Kervancıoğlu, Deniz Ateş
Cancer is frequently seen in women of reproductive age. Diagnosis, management of treatment, and safety of the therapeutic approach are particularly important for these patients. Presently described is pain management in a case of pregnancy with malignant mesenchymal tumor. A 23-year-old woman in 30th gestational week presented with severe pain in right hip and back of the right thigh. Piriformis block successfully decreased pain and was followed by pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) to the piriformis muscle. PRF, as a non-neurodestructive method, is a safe and effective method to treat cancer pain in a pregnant patient...
October 2016: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066745/deep-gluteal-space-problems-piriformis-syndrome-ischiofemoral-impingement-and-sciatic-nerve-release
#6
Luis Perez Carro, Moises Fernandez Hernando, Luis Cerezal, Ivan Saenz Navarro, Ana Alfonso Fernandez, Alexander Ortiz Castillo
BACKGROUND: Deep gluteal syndrome (DGS) is an underdiagnosed entity characterized by pain and/or dysesthesias in the buttock area, hip or posterior thigh and/or radicular pain due to a non-discogenic sciatic nerve entrapment in the subgluteal space. Multiple pathologies have been incorporated in this all-included "piriformis syndrome", a term that has nothing to do with the presence of fibrous bands, obturator internus/gemellus syndrome, quadratus femoris/ischiofemoral pathology, hamstring conditions, gluteal disorders and orthopedic causes...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028573/diffusion-tensor-imaging-and-tractography-of-the-sciatic-nerve-assessment-of-fractional-anisotropy-and-apparent-diffusion-coefficient-values-relative-to-the-piriformis-muscle-a-preliminary-study
#7
Keizo Wada, Takuya Hashimoto, Ryo Miyagi, Toshinori Sakai, Koichi Sairyo
OBJECTIVE: Piriformis muscle syndrome (PMS) is underdiagnosed. To evaluate the potential of diffusion tensor imaging and diffusion tensor tractography as innovative tools for the diagnosis of PMS by functional assessment of the sciatic nerve, the aims of this study are to assess the reproducibility and to evaluate the changes in the parameters at levels proximal and distal to the piriformis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fractional anisotropy (FA) and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the sciatic nerve at three levels were quantified twice each by two examiners using the fiber-tracking method...
December 27, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935076/electrophysiologically-identified-piriformis-syndrome-is-successfully-treated-with-incobotulinum-toxin-a-and-physical-therapy
#8
Loren M Fishman, Allen N Wilkins, Bernard Rosner
INTRODUCTION: Piriformis syndrome is entrapment of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle. METHODS: In this article we describe a 56-person randomized, double-blind, controlled study involving physical therapy and incobotulinum toxin A or placebo. Inclusion criteria were 3-SD delay of posterior tibial (PT) or fibular (FN) H-reflexes on flexion, adduction, and internal rotation (FAIR) testing, and normal paraspinal electromyographic findings. Outcome measures included adverse side effects, visual analog scale (VAS) findings, and H-reflex delay on the FAIR test...
December 9, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857636/posterior-lateral-and-anterior-hip-pain-due-to-musculoskeletal-origin-a-narrative-literature-review-of-history-physical-examination-and-diagnostic-imaging
#9
REVIEW
Patrick J Battaglia, Kevin D'Angelo, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to present a narrative review of the literature of musculoskeletal causes of adult hip pain, with special attention to history, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging. METHODS: A narrative review of the English medical literature was performed by using the search terms "hip pain" AND "anterior," "lateral," and "posterior." Additionally, specific entities of hip pain or pain referral sources to the hip were searched for...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779154/salmonella-pyomyositis-with-concurrent-sacroiliac-osteomyelitis-presenting-as-piriformis-syndrome-a-rare-case
#10
P S Phadke, A R Gandhi, S A More, R P Joshirao
A-21-year old male admitted with fever and piriformis syndrome, typically associated with gluteal region pain radiating down the thigh, was evaluated and found to have pyomyositis involving piriformis and osteomyelitis with sacroiliac joint affection on radiological imaging. Salmonella serotype typhi was isolated from blood culture. He was treated with intravenous Ceftriaxone for 6 weeks with signs of recovery documented clinically as well as on imaging studies. Salmonella pyomyositis with osteomyelitis in an immunocompetent patient with no previous hematological or endocrine disorder makes this case an unusual presentation...
January 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727757/salmonella-pyomyositis-with-concurrent-osteomyelitis-presenting-as-piriformis-syndrome
#11
A Gandhi, P Phadke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644428/piriformis-syndrome-a-case-series-of-31-bangladeshi-people-with-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Md Abu Bakar Siddiq, Md Shawkat Hossain, Mohammad Moin Uddin, Israt Jahan, Moshiur Rahman Khasru, Neaz Mahmud Haider, Johannes J Rasker
AIMS: To describe a series of piriformis syndrome patient among Bangladesh people with literature review. METHODS: Consecutive 31 piriformis syndrome patients were enrolled. Besides history and clinical examination, piriformis muscle thickness was also measured with diagnostic ultrasound (3.5 MHZ). MRI of lumbar spine, X-rays of lumbo-sacral spine, and pelvis were performed in all patients. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), Windows 8.0, was used for statistical calculation, and univariate analysis of primary data was done...
February 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225613/sciatic-neuropathy-developed-after-injection-during-curettage
#13
Ayşe Altıntaş, Ayşegül Gündüz, Fatih Kantarcı, Gökçen Gözübatık Çelik, Naci Koçer, Meral E Kızıltan
Intramuscular injections are likely the most common cause of sciatic nerve injury in developing countries. Less common causes include piriformis syndrome, primary tumors of the sciatic nerve, metastatic tumors invading or compressing the nerve, endometriosis, vascular malformations, and prolonged immobilization or positioning. While the most reliable diagnostic and prognostic methods include nerve conduction studies and electromyography, magnetic resonance imaging has been suggested as an alternative method of determining type of lesion, establishing location, and investigating level of nerve involvement...
January 2016: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206482/clinical-results-of-endoscopic-sciatic-nerve-decompression-for-deep-gluteal-syndrome-mean-2-year-follow-up
#14
Myung-Sik Park, Sun-Jung Yoon, Sung-Yeop Jung, Seung-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of endoscopic sciatic nerve decompression and evaluated the differences of clinical results between atraumatic and traumatic groups. METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients. We retrospectively reviewed sixty consecutive patients without major trauma (45 hips) or with major trauma (15 hips) groups to compare the outcomes of endoscopic treatment.). The mean follow-up period was 24 ± 2.6 months (range, 24-38...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117725/effectiveness-of-acupuncture-therapies-to-manage-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-extremities-a-systematic-review
#15
Jocelyn Cox, Sharanya Varatharajan, Pierre Côté, Optima Collaboration
Study Design Systematic review. Background Little is known about the effectiveness of acupuncture therapies for musculoskeletal disorders. Objective To assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture therapies for musculoskeletal disorders of the extremities. Methods We searched MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1990 to 2015 for randomized controlled trials, cohort studies, and case-control studies. Eligible studies were appraised with Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network criteria...
June 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086759/ultrasound-guided-piriformis-muscle-injection-a-new-approach
#16
E Bevilacqua Alén, A Diz Villar, F Curt Nuño, G Illodo Miramontes, F J Refojos Arencibia, J M López González
Piriformis syndrome is an uncommon cause of buttock and leg pain. Some treatment options include the injection of piriformis muscle with local anesthetic and steroids. Various techniques for piriformis muscle injection have been described. Ultrasound allows direct visualization and real time injection of the piriformis muscle. We describe 5 consecutive patients, diagnosed of piriformis syndrome with no improvement after pharmacological treatment. Piriformis muscle injection with local anesthetics and steroids was performed using an ultrasound technique based on a standard technique...
December 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056870/-prospective-study-of-the-causes-of-limb-numbness-in-patients-with-diabetes
#17
Kyongsong Kim, Toyohiko Isu, Naoya Emoto, Rinko Kokubo, Daijiro Morimoto, Naotaka Iwamoto, Shiro Kobayashi, Akio Morita
PURPOSE: Many patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) experience numbness in the extremities. This DM neuropathy may be complicated by peripheral entrapment neuropathy. We prospectively investigated the cause(s) of limb numbness in DM patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 23 patients with uni- or bilateral limb numbness who were treated in our DM clinic. They were 10 men and 13 women; their average age was 63 years. The average duration of their neurological symptoms was 28...
April 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26969206/piriformis-ganglion-an-uncommon-cause-of-sciatica
#18
J H Park, H J Jeong, H K Shin, S J Park, J H Lee, E Kim
UNLABELLED: Sciatica can occur due to a spinal lesion, intrapelvic tumor, diabetic neuropathy, and rarely piriformis syndrome. The causes of piriformis syndrome vary by a space-occupying lesion. A ganglionic cyst can occur in various lesions in the body but seldom around the hip joint. In addition, sciatica due to a ganglionic cyst around the hip joint has been reported in one patient in Korea who underwent surgical treatment. We experienced two cases of sciatica from a piriformis ganglionic cyst and we report the clinical characterics and progress after non-operative treatment by ultrasonography-guided aspiration...
April 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26811947/ultrasound-guided-pulsed-radiofrequency-treatment-of-the-pudendal-nerve-in-chronic-pelvic-pain
#19
D Ozkan, T Akkaya, S Yildiz, A Comert
Chronic pelvic pain is a condition that can be caused by pudendal neuralgia, interstitial cystitis, piriformis syndrome and neuropathy of the ilioinguinal, iliohypogastric and genitofemoral nerves. Based on three case reports this article discusses the clinical effectiveness of pulsed high-frequency radiofrequency (PRF) treatment applied to the pudendal nerve under ultrasound guidance in medicinally treated patients with chronic pelvic pain.
February 2016: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798622/leg-weakness-caused-by-bilateral-piriformis-syndrome-a-case-report
#20
Hee Bong Moon, Ki Yeun Nam, Bum Sun Kwon, Jin Woo Park, Gi Hyeong Ryu, Ho Jun Lee, Chang Jae Kim
Piriformis syndrome (PS) is an uncommon neuromuscular disorder caused by the piriformis muscle (PM) compressing the sciatic nerve (SN). The main symptom of PS is sciatica, which worsens with certain triggering conditions. Because the pathophysiology is poorly understood, there are no definite diagnostic and therapeutic choices for PS. This case report presents a young woman who mainly complained of bilateral leg weakness. Electromyography revealed bilateral sciatic neuropathy and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed structural lesions causing entrapment of the bilateral SNs...
December 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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