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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647992/-progress-of-research-in-relation-to-the-impact-of-climate-change-on-children-s-health-status
#1
J H Gao, L P Li, J Wang, X B Liu, H X Wu, J Li, J Li, Q Y Liu
Along with global warming, climate change has become one of the biggest public health challenges. The unique metabolism, behavior, physiology and development in children, will make them suffer more from the climate change. In the present review, we summarized the progress and situation of studies on the associations between climate change and children's health also trying to provide adaptation and mitigation strategies. The purpose of this study was to offer scientific evidence for prevention and control on the adverse effects as injuries, diseases and deaths among children that resulted from the changes of climate...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647805/a-comprehensive-health-profile-of-guyanese-immigrants-aged-18-64-in-schenectady-new-york
#2
Akiko S Hosler, Jamie R Kammer
Guyanese immigrants are the 5th largest foreign-born group in NY State, but sparse literature is available on their health status and health needs. A community-based health interview survey of Schenectady NY residents aged 18-64 (N = 1861) was analyzed. Bivariate comparisons between Guyanese respondents and White, Black, and Hispanic respondents were made for each variable to identify disparities. As predominantly low SES immigrants, Guyanese adults were less likely to be covered by health insurance, have a usual place for care, and receive cancer screenings...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647681/daily-associations-between-cannabis-motives-and-consumption-in-emerging-adults
#3
Erin E Bonar, Jason E Goldstick, R Lorraine Collins, James A Cranford, Rebecca M Cunningham, Stephen T Chermack, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of cannabis use among emerging adults is a growing public health problem. Intensive longitudinal data can provide information on proximal motives for cannabis use, which can inform interventions to reduce use among emerging adults. METHOD: As part of a larger longitudinal study, patients aged 18-25 years (N=95) recruited from an urban Emergency Department completed daily text message assessments of risk behaviors for 28days, including daily cannabis quantity and motives...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647543/healthy-eating-and-activity-across-the-lifespan-heal-a-call-to-action-to-integrate-research-clinical-practice-policy-and-community-resources-to-address-weight-related-health-disparities
#4
Jerica M Berge, Margaret Adamek, Caitlin Caspi, Katie A Loth, Amy Shanafelt, Steven D Stovitz, Amanda Trofholz, Katherine Y Grannon, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite intense nationwide efforts to improve healthy eating and physical activity across the lifespan, progress has plateaued. Moreover, health inequities remain. Frameworks that integrate research, clinical practice, policy, and community resources to address weight-related behaviors are needed. Implementation and evaluation of integration efforts also remain a challenge. The purpose of this paper is to: (1) Describe the planning and development process of an integrator entity, HEAL (Healthy Eating and Activity across the Lifespan); (2) present outcomes of the HEAL development process including the HEAL vision, mission, and values statements; (3) define the planned integrator functions of HEAL; and (4) describe the ongoing evaluation of the integration process...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647303/the-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-based-on-walker-health-promoting-lifestyle-in-iran-2016
#5
REVIEW
Maryam Mohammadi, Ali Ramezankhani, Shabnam Mohammadi, Shakiba Zahed, Farahnaz Khabiri, Soheila Khodakarim, Mohsen Roshani, Majid Ghayur
BACKGROUND: Understanding the metabolic syndrome has been the center of attention in recent years as a major risk factor of many diseases. Given the rising incidence of this disease and as the patient can compete against this disease with choosing healthy lifestyle, in the present study, we investigated the predictors of metabolic syndrome, based on Walker's health-promoting lifestyle in two large cities in Iran, in 2016. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used two-stage cluster sampling to select 1128 patients, among patients who referred to health centers in Isfahan and Yazd...
May 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647246/environmentally-relevant-concentrations-of-aminopolycarboxylate-chelating-agents-mobilize-cd-from-humic-acid
#6
Ashley E North, Sophia Sarpong-Kumankomah, Andrew R Bellavie, Wade M White, Jürgen Gailer
Although Cd is a pollutant of public health relevance, many dietary sources from which it can be absorbed into human tissues remain unknown. While it is well established that the biogeochemical cycle of Cd involves its complexation with environment-derived ligands (e.g., humic acids, HAs) and anthropogenic ones (e.g., chelating agents, CAs), the interaction of Cd with both of these ligands is less well understood. To gain insight, a HA-Cd complex was injected on a size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) column coupled on-line with a flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS) using 10mmol/L Tris buffer (pH8...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647226/inhalation-of-nanoplatelets-theoretical-deposition-simulations
#7
Robert Sturm
Primary objective of the contribution was the theoretical prediction of nanoplatelet deposition in the human respiratory tract. Modeling was founded on the hypothetical inhalation of graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) measuring 0.01 and 0.1μm in thickness and adopting a projected area diameter of 1-30μm. Particle uptake was assumed to take place with inhalation flow rates of 250, 500, 750, and 1000cm(3)s(-1), respectively. For an appropriate description of pulmonary particle behavior, transport of GNP in a stochastic lung structure and deposition formulae based on analytical and numerical studies were presupposed...
June 21, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Medizinische Physik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647010/social-skills-training-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Nora Choque Olsson, Oskar Flygare, Christina Coco, Anders Görling, Anna Råde, Qi Chen, Katarina Lindstedt, Steve Berggren, Eva Serlachius, Ulf Jonsson, Kristiina Tammimies, Lars Kjellin, Sven Bölte
OBJECTIVE: Social skills group training (SSGT) for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is widely applied, but effectiveness in real-world practice has not yet been properly evaluated. This study sought to bridge this gap. METHOD: This 12-week pragmatic randomized controlled trial of SSGT compared to standard care alone was conducted at 13 child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient units in Sweden. Twelve sessions of manualized SSGT ("KONTAKT") were delivered by regular clinical staff...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646972/effectiveness-evaluation-of-the-positive-family-support-intervention-a-three-tiered-public-health-delivery-model-for-middle-schools
#9
Keith Smolkowski, John R Seeley, Jeffery M Gau, Tom J Dishion, Elizabeth A Stormshak, Kevin J Moore, Corrina A Falkenstein, Gregory M Fosco, S Andrew Garbacz
This article presents the results of an evaluation of Positive Family Support, an ecological family intervention and treatment approach to parent supports and family management training developed from a history of basic and translational research. This effectiveness trial, with 41 public middle schools randomly assigned to intervention or control, examined student-, teacher-, and parent-reported outcomes, as well as math and reading scores and school attendance. Multilevel analyses suggested that for students at risk for behavior problems, immediate-intervention schools outperformed control schools on parent-reported negative school contacts for students at risk for behavior problems...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646873/labelling-effects-and-adolescent-responses-to-peers-with-depression-an-experimental-investigation
#10
Louise Dolphin, Eilis Hennessy
BACKGROUND: The impact of illness labels on the stigma experiences of individuals with mental health problems is a matter of ongoing debate. Some argue that labels have a negative influence on judgments and should be avoided in favour of information emphasising the existence of a continuum of mental health/illness. Others believe that behavioral symptoms are more powerful influencers of stigma than labels. The phenomenon has received little attention in adolescent research, despite the critical importance of the peer group at this developmental stage...
June 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646804/pilot-investigation-of-2-nondiet-approaches-to-improve-weight-and-health
#11
Kelly H Webber, Laurel Mellin, Lindsey Mayes, Igor Mitrovic, Matt Saulnier
Context • Weight loss and maintenance are associated with many health benefits, but long-term maintenance of weight loss remains elusive for many people. Overweight individuals are at higher risk than normal-weight individuals for stress-induced overeating. The use of stress-management tools in a weight loss program might decrease the physiological stress that fuels overeating and improve posttreatment maintenance of weight loss Objective • The study intended to compare the differences in outcomes between 2 approaches to achieving weight loss and changes in health-stress reduction and intuitive eating (IE)-during a 14-wk period...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646785/higher-cardio-respiratory-fitness-is-associated-with-increased-mental-and-physical-quality-of-life-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-a-controlled-pilot-study
#12
Davy Vancampfort, Noemi Hagemann, Sabine Wyckaert, Simon Rosenbaum, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Michel Probst, Pascal Sienaert
The aim of this study was to investigate whether cardiorespiratory fitness among outpatients with bipolar disorder is associated with health related quality of life (HRQL) and explore differences versus healthy controls. Outpatients with bipolar disorder and healthy controls matched for age, sex and body mass index completed the 36-item Short Form Health Survey, the Positive-and-Negative-Affect-Schedule (PANAS), a maximal cardiorespiratory fitness test, and wore a Sensewear Armband to measure physical activity and sedentary behavior for eight days...
June 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646769/health-benefit-from-decreasing-exposure-to-heavy-metals-and-metalloid-after-strict-pollution-control-measures-near-a-typical-river-basin-area-in-china
#13
Suzhen Cao, Xiaoli Duan, Yingqun Ma, Xiuge Zhao, Yanwen Qin, Yan Liu, Sai Li, Binghui Zheng, Fusheng Wei
The metal(loid) pollution still is a great concern due to the effects from urbanization and industrialization. While, the health risks from the toxic metal(loid)s could decrease if strict pollution control measures were adopted. However, few studies to date investigate the health risks of heavy metal(loid)s in a systematic river basin for the dependent residents, after taking pollution control measures. Thus, the contents of metal(loid)s (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Mn, As) in surface water along a typical river basin were investigated in this study, and the potential non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks posed to the residents were assessed...
June 18, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646373/ethical-challenges-unique-to-the-primary-care-behavioral-health-pcbh-model
#14
Christine N Runyan, Stephanie Carter-Henry, Stacy Ogbeide
The interprofessional nature of the Primary Care Behavioral Health (PCBH) model invites potential conflicts between different ethical guidelines and principles developed by separate professional disciplines. When the foundational model of care and training on which ethical principles were developed shifts, the assumptions underlying the guidance also shifts, revealing gaps and mismatches. This article reviews the extant literature in this realm, and proposes a more unifying set of ethical guidance for interprofessional, integrated primary care practice...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646335/the-role-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-predicting-daily-pain-and-fatigue-in-older-adults-a-diary-study
#15
Saengryeol Park, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Nikos Ntoumanis
BACKGROUND: Little attention has been paid to within-person daily associations among light physical activity (PA), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behavior (SB) with subsequent bodily pain and fatigue. Daily reports of pain and fatigue are less likely to be affected by recall bias and to conflate days of high and low pain/fatigue into one overall score. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine daily within-person associations between pain, fatigue, and physical health and ascertain whether such associations are moderated by individual differences in these variables...
June 23, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646242/the-role-of-health-plans-in-supporting-behavioral-health-integration
#16
Maureen T Stewart, Constance M Horgan, Amity E Quinn, Deborah W Garnick, Sharon Reif, Timothy B Creedon, Elizabeth L Merrick
Health plan policies can influence delivery of integrated behavioral health and general medical care. This study provides national estimates for the prevalence of practices used by health plans that may support behavioral health integration. Results indicate that health plans employ financing and other policies likely to support integration. They also directly provide services that facilitate integration. Behavioral health contracting arrangements are associated with use of these policies. Delivery of integrated care requires systemic changes by both providers and payers thus health plans are key players in achieving this goal...
June 23, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645895/multiparity-improves-outcomes-after-cerebral-ischemia-in-female-mice-despite-features-of-increased-metabovascular-risk
#17
Rodney M Ritzel, Anita R Patel, Monica Spychala, Rajkumar Verma, Joshua Crapser, Edward C Koellhoffer, Anna Schrecengost, Evan R Jellison, Liang Zhu, Venugopal Reddy Venna, Louise D McCullough
Females show a varying degree of ischemic sensitivity throughout their lifespan, which is not fully explained by hormonal or genetic factors. Epidemiological data suggest that sex-specific life experiences such as pregnancy increase stroke risk. This work evaluated the role of parity on stroke outcome. Age-matched virgin (i.e., nulliparous) and multiparous mice were subjected to 60 min of reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion and evaluated for infarct volume, behavioral recovery, and inflammation. Using an established mating paradigm, fetal microchimeric cells present in maternal mice were also tracked after parturition and stroke...
June 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645891/health-app-use-among-individuals-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-survey-study-with-thematic-coding
#18
Caryn Kseniya Rubanovich, David C Mohr, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: Researchers have largely turned to commercial app stores, randomized trials, and systematic reviews to make sense of the mHealth landscape. Few studies have approached understanding by collecting information from target end users. The end user perspective is critical as end user interest in and use of mHealth technologies will ultimately drive the efficacy of these tools. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to obtain information from end users of mHealth technologies to better understand the physical and mental health apps people use and for what purposes...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645889/a-review-of-the-theoretical-basis-effects-and-cost-effectiveness-of-online-smoking-cessation-interventions-in-the-netherlands-a-mixed-methods-approach
#19
REVIEW
Kei Long Cheung, Ben Wijnen, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a worldwide public health problem. In 2015, 26.3% of the Dutch population aged 18 years and older smoked, 74.4% of them daily. More and more people have access to the Internet worldwide; approximately 94% of the Dutch population have online access. Internet-based smoking cessation interventions (online cessation interventions) provide an opportunity to tackle the scourge of tobacco. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this paper was to provide an overview of online cessation interventions in the Netherlands, while exploring their effectivity, cost effectiveness, and theoretical basis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645770/the-association-between-sedentary-time-and-quality-of-life-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative-who-might-benefit-most-from-treatment
#20
Daniel Pinto, Jing Song, Jungwha Lee, Rowland W Chang, Pamela A Semanik, Linda S Ehrlich-Jones, Christine A Pellegrini, Dorothy D Dunlop
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between sedentary behavior and quality adjusted life years (QALY) among participants in the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI). DESIGN: 1794 participants from a prospective multicenter, longitudinal cohort were classified into quantile groups based on average daily sedentary time (most sedentary Q1 >=11.6, 10.7<=Q2<11.6, 9.7<=Q3<10.7, least sedentary Q4<9.7 average daily sedentary hours). INTERVENTIONS: None...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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