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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335404/perceptions-of-health-co-benefits-in-relation-to-greenhouse-gas-emission-reductions-a-survey-among-urban-residents-in-three-chinese-cities
#1
Jinghong Gao, Guozhang Xu, Wenjun Ma, Yong Zhang, Alistair Woodward, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Sari Kovats, Paul Wilkinson, Tianfeng He, Hualiang Lin, Tao Liu, Shaohua Gu, Jun Wang, Jing Li, Jun Yang, Xiaobo Liu, Jing Li, Haixia Wu, Qiyong Liu
Limited information is available on the perceptions of stakeholders concerning the health co-benefits of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of urban residents on the health co-benefits involving GHG abatement and related influencing factors in three cities in China. Beijing, Ningbo and Guangzhou were selected for this survey. Participants were recruited from randomly chosen committees, following quotas for gender and age in proportion to the respective population shares...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335038/a-comparative-effectiveness-education-trial-for-lifestyle-health-behavior-change-in-african-americans
#2
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Scarlett Bellamy, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Joseph Purnell, Rodney Rogers, Benita Weathers, Jerry C Johnson
Obesity and excess weight are significant clinical and public health issues that disproportionately affect African Americans because of physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. We compared the effects of alternate behavioral interventions on obesity-related health behaviors. We conducted a comparative effectiveness education trial in a community-based sample of 530 adult African Americans. Outcomes variables were physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake. Outcomes were evaluated at baseline and 1-month following interventions about shared risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (integrated, INT) or CVD only (disease-specific)...
March 18, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335013/lifetime-and-1-year-prevalence-of-homelessness-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii
#3
Jack Tsai
Background: Homelessness remains a major public health problem in the USA but there have been few recent epidemiological studies in the general population. Methods: Using data from structured interviews with a nationally representative sample of 36 299 US adults from the 2012-13 Wave 3 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined the lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness, and its correlates. Results: Lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness in the US population was found to be 4...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334962/exposure-to-fictional-medical-television-and-health-a-systematic-review
#4
Beth L Hoffman, Ariel Shensa, Charles Wessel, Robert Hoffman, Brian A Primack
Fictional medical television programs have long been a staple of television programming, and they remain popular today. We aimed to examine published literature assessing the influence of medical television programs on health outcomes. We conducted systematic literature searches in PubMed, PsychINFO and CINAHL. Selected studies had to be scholarly research, to involve exposure to fictionalized medical television programming, and to assess associations between exposures and outcomes. Of 3541 unique studies identified, nineteen met selection criteria...
March 14, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334652/does-educational-attainment-shape-reactions-to-genetic-risk-for-alzheimer-s-disease-results-from-a-national-survey-experiment
#5
Matthew A Andersson, Shana Kushner Gadarian, Rene Almeling
While higher education is associated with healthy lifestyles and health literacy, it remains unclear whether education shapes reactions to varying levels of genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, participants (N = 701) in the National Genetic Risk Survey Experiment (NGRISE) received a hypothetical genetic risk assessment for AD (ranging from 20 to 80% lifetime risk) and then completed items on their cognitive (perceived threat to health), emotional (general negative affect), and anticipated behavioral (seek information, improve health behaviors, engage in public or private civic action) reactions to this risk...
March 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334244/cognitive-screening-tests-versus-comprehensive-neuropsychological-test-batteries-a-national-academy-of-neuropsychology-education-paper%C3%A2
#6
Tresa M Roebuck-Spencer, Tannahill Glen, Antonio E Puente, Robert L Denney, Ronald M Ruff, Gayle Hostetter, Kevin J Bianchini
The American Medical Association Current Procedural Panel developed a new billing code making behavioral health screening a reimbursable healthcare service. The use of computerized testing as a means for cognitive screening and brief cognitive testing is increasing at a rapid rate. The purpose of this education paper is to provide information to clinicians, healthcare administrators, and policy developers about the purpose, strengths, and limitations of cognitive screening tests versus comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334095/phantom-smells-prevalence-and-correlates-in-a-population-based-sample-of-older-adults
#7
Sara Sjölund, Maria Larsson, Jonas K Olofsson, Janina Seubert, Erika J Laukka
Loss of olfactory function is common in old age, but evidence regarding qualitative olfactory dysfunction in the general older population is scarce. The current study investigates the prevalence and correlates of phantom smell experiences (phantosmia) in a population-based study (Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen [SNAC-K]) of Swedish adults (n = 2569) aged between 60 and 90 years. Phantosmia was assessed through a standardized interview and defined as reporting having experienced an odor percept in the absence of any stimuli in the surrounding environment that could emit the odor...
February 20, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333950/drug-resistant-hiv-behaviors-and-characteristics-among-los-angeles-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-new-hiv-diagnosis
#8
Pamina M Gorbach, Marjan Javanbakht, Lorelei Bornfleth, Robert K Bolan, Martha Lewis Blum
Epidemiology of drug resistant HIV has focused on trends and less attention has been given to identification of factors, especially behaviors including substance use, in acquisition of drug-resistant HIV. From 2009 to 2012 The Metromates Study enrolled and followed for one year men who have sex with men (MSM) seeking testing for HIV in a community clinic in Los Angeles assessing those testing positive for acute and recent HIV infection. Behavioral data were collected via Computer-Assisted Self-Interview from 125 classified as newly HIV infected and 91 as chronically infected (newly HIV-diagnosed); specimens were available and viable for resistance testing for 154 of the 216 HIV positives with new diagnoses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333609/fundamental-use-of-surgical-energy-fuse-an-essential-educational-program-for-operating-room-safety
#9
Stephanie B Jones, Malcolm G Munro, Liane S Feldman, Thomas N Robinson, L Michael Brunt, Steven D Schwaitzberg, Daniel B Jones, Pascal R Fuchshuber
Operating room (OR) safety has become a major concern in patient safety since the 1990s. Improvement of team communication and behavior is a popular target for safety programming at the institutional level. Despite these efforts, essential safety gaps remain in the OR and procedure rooms. A prime example is the use of energy-based devices in ORs and procedural areas. The lack of fundamental understanding of energy device function, design, and application contributes to avoidable injury and harm at a rate of approximately 1 to 2 per 1000 patients in the US...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333604/patient-preferences-for-discussing-childhood-trauma-in-primary-care
#10
Ellen Goldstein, Ninad Athale, Andrés F Sciolla, Sheryl L Catz
CONTEXT: Exposure to traumatic events is common in primary care patients, yet health care professionals may be hesitant to assess and address the impact of childhood trauma in their patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess patient preferences for discussing traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with clinicians in underserved, predominantly Latino primary care patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: We evaluated patients with a questionnaire assessing comfort to discuss trauma exposure and symptoms using the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study questionnaire and the Primary Care-PTSD screen...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333538/health-care-contact-and-suicide-risk-documentation-prior-to-suicide-death-results-from-the-army-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-servicemembers-army-starrs
#11
Jessica D Ribeiro, Peter M Gutierrez, Thomas E Joiner, Ronald C Kessler, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Murray B Stein, Robert J Ursano, Matthew K Nock
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has shown that a substantial portion of suicide decedents access health care in the weeks and months before their death. We examined whether this is true among soldiers. METHOD: The sample included the 569 Regular Army soldiers in the U.S. Army who died by suicide on active duty between 2004 and 2009 compared to 5,690 matched controls. Analyses examined the prevalence and frequency of health care contacts and documentation of suicide risk (i...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333536/mom-net-evaluation-of-an-internet-facilitated-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-low-income-depressed-mothers
#12
Lisa B Sheeber, Edward G Feil, John R Seeley, Craig Leve, Jeff M Gau, Betsy Davis, Erik Sorensen, Steve Allan
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate an Internet-facilitated cognitive-behavioral treatment intervention for depression, tailored to economically disadvantaged mothers of young children. METHOD: Economically disadvantaged mothers (N = 266) of preschool aged children, who reported elevated levels of depressive symptoms, were randomized to either the 8-session, Internet-facilitated intervention (Mom-Net) or to Motivational Interviewing and Referral to Services (MIRS). Outcomes were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9; Spitzer et al...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333531/randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema-effects-on-parenting-and-child-behavior
#13
Alina Morawska, Amy Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
OBJECTIVE: Parents play an important role in children's illness management, in promoting child adjustment and reducing behavior problems. Little research has focused on the evaluation of parenting interventions in the context of childhood chronic illness. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a brief, group parenting intervention (Healthy Living Triple P) in improving parenting skills and parent adjustment, and reducing child behavioral and emotional difficulties in the context of childhood asthma and eczema...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333521/barry-jacobs-2016-recipient-of-the-cfha-don-bloch-md-award
#14
John Rolland
The Don Bloch Award is presented annually by the Collaborative Family Healthcare Association (CFHA) to a person who has made singular contributions to forwarding the cause of collaborative family health care. The 2016 Don Bloch Award was presented to Dr. Barry Jacobs, a licensed clinical psychologist and family therapist who exemplifies Don's intellectual, behavioral and relational attributes. (PsycINFO Database Record
March 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333516/collaborative-mental-health-care-for-pediatric-behavior-disorders-in-primary-care-does-it-reduce-mental-health-care-costs
#15
Hao Yu, David J Kolko, Eunice Torres
OVERVIEW: One recently completed randomized controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated the effectiveness of a doctor-office collaborative care (DOCC), relative to enhanced usual care (EUC), for pediatric behavior problems and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In this study, we sought to extend the literature by incorporating a cost-analysis component at the conclusion of the aforementioned trial. To our knowledge, it was the first study to examine whether the DOCC model leads to lower costs of mental health services for children...
March 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333515/a-philosophy-for-behavioral-health-integration-in-primary-care
#16
Thomas R Egnew
In response to a call for a philosophy that transcends the professional boundaries that threaten behavioral health integration in primary care, this essay explores the thesis that such a philosophy exists in medicine's core purpose. Drawing on the work of Eric Cassell, a philosophy may be determined that melds the values, themes, and constructs of individual models for behavioral health integration in primary care toward a single, overriding purpose. Effecting such integration challenges current trends in medicine by refocusing medicine on its ethical core...
March 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333512/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-positive-affect-intervention-for-people-newly-diagnosed-with-hiv
#17
Judith T Moskowitz, Adam W Carrico, Larissa G Duncan, Michael A Cohn, Elaine O Cheung, Abigail Batchelder, Lizet Martinez, Eisuke Segawa, Michael Acree, Susan Folkman
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether IRISS (Intervention for those Recently Informed of their Seropositive Status), a positive affect skills intervention, improved positive emotion, psychological health, physical health, and health behaviors in people newly diagnosed with HIV. METHOD: One-hundred and fifty-nine participants who had received an HIV diagnosis in the past 3 months were randomized to a 5-session, in-person, individually delivered positive affect skills intervention or an attention-matched control condition...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333511/does-impaired-mental-health-interfere-with-the-outcome-of-brief-alcohol-intervention-at-general-hospitals
#18
Sophie Baumann, Beate Gaertner, Katja Haberecht, Christian Meyer, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test whether the efficacy of in-person and computer delivered brief alcohol intervention (BAI) is moderated by mental health status. METHOD: General hospital inpatients with at-risk alcohol use aged 18 to 64 years (N = 961, 75% men) were allocated to in-person BAI, computer-based BAI, and assessment only. In-person BAI contained counseling by research staff. Computer-based BAI contained computer-generated individualized feedback letters...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333478/geographic-distribution-of-california-mental-health-professionals-in-relation-to-sociodemographic-characteristics
#19
Ryan N Sharma, Rachel N Casas, Nicole M Crawford, Lauren N Mills
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether geographic access to licensed mental health providers in California is a barrier for underserved populations. METHOD: Data from the master file of the California Board of Psychology and Board of Behavioral Sciences were merged with U.S. Census data to determine the correlations between the concentration of providers and the corresponding sociodemographic characteristics of places in California. RESULTS: This article shows that the concentration of licensed mental health providers in the communities of California varies systematically with the racial, ethnic, age, education, and economic characteristics of those places...
March 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333477/perceived-discrimination-cultural-identity-development-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-a-sample-of-hispanic-young-adults
#20
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Daniel W Soto, Steve Y Sussman, Jennifer B Unger
OBJECTIVE: Despite the prevalence of interpersonal violence (IPV), scientific understanding of the risk and protective factors for unidirectional and bidirectional IPV, and especially the role of sociocultural variables in these behaviors, is limited. This study investigates the association between ethnic-identity search, ethnic-identity affirmation, perceived discrimination, and unidirectional (victimization only, perpetration only) and bidirectional (reciprocal violence) IPV behaviors among foreign-born and U...
March 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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