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Mental health occupational assessment

Stevens M B Kisaka, Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Simon Kasasa, Francis Ocen, Joan Nankya-Mutyoba
BACKGROUND: Most tuberculosis (TB) case management guidelines emphasize microbiological cure as treatment goal without highlighting quality of life outcomes. This study assessed health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and related factors in the pre-treatment, intensive and continuation phases of anti-TB therapy among sputum smear positive pulmonary TB patients in Mbale region, Eastern Uganda. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, questionnaires and 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey Version 2...
October 18, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Susan Peters, Venerina Johnston, Sonia Hines, Mark Ross, Michel Coppieters
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common problem, that can be effectively managed by surgery. Screening for prognostic factors is important to identify workers who are at a greater risk of a poor work outcome in order to implement tailored interventions to facilitate their return-to-work. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the best available evidence on the association of preoperative prognostic factors with work-related outcomes in people who have undergone carpal tunnel surgery...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Alexandra L Nowak, Carmen Giurgescu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to report findings of published studies of the relationships between poor-quality built environments and negative birth outcomes. METHOD: Quantitative studies measuring various aspects of the built environment including property damage, housing damage, physical disorder, physical incivilities, nuisance, vacancy, tenure, occupancy, and structural deterioration and their effects on birth outcomes such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age were identified using Scopus, PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases...
October 13, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Eija Haukka, Anneli Ojajärvi, Leena Kaila-Kangas, Päivi Leino-Arjas
We identified factors protective of all-cause sickness absence (SA) among subjects with multisite musculoskeletal pain (MSP). The nationally representative source sample comprised 3420 actively working Finns aged 30-55 in year 2000 and alive at follow-up. Pain in 18 body locations was combined into four sites (neck, low back, upper limbs, lower limbs). The baseline prevalence of MSP (pain in ≥ 2 sites) was 32 %. Baseline data on sociodemographic factors, work ability, work, health, and lifestyle were gathered by questionnaire, interview and clinical examination and linked with national registers on all-cause SA (periods lasting ≥10 workdays) for 2002-2008...
October 3, 2016: Pain
Irene Alvarez-Tomás, Joaquim Soler, Arturo Bados, Ana Martín-Blanco, Matilde Elices, Cristina Carmona, Joana Bauzà, Juan Carlos Pascual
The aim of this prospective study was to expand previously reported evidence on the 10-year clinical and functional course of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a Spanish sample. Participants diagnosed with BPD were assessed at baseline and at 10-year follow-up to evaluate BPD symptomatology and other relevant clinical measures, suicidal behavior, dimensional personality traits, Axis I and II comorbidity, use of mental health resources, and psychosocial functioning. At the 10-year follow up, significant improvements were observed on BPD domains, suicidal behavior, and other clinical measures...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
Yara M Asi, Lynn Unruh, Xinliang Liu
There is substantial evidence that individuals affected by conflict suffer poor physical and mental outcomes, particularly in indicators of well-being. This study assesses the health-related quality of life (HRQoL), perceived stress and insecurity of Palestinian young adults in the West Bank. We surveyed 398 university students from Nablus (mean age = 20.1) using the SF-36 to measure HRQoL, the PSS-4 to assess stress and a context-specific insecurity instrument. A third of participants reported Israeli citizenship, and the results indicated better outcomes in these individuals in several outcomes, with the noteworthy exception of insecurity...
October 13, 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
Kazunori Ikegami, Hiroki Nozawa, Satoshi Michii, Ryosuke Sugano, Hajime Ando, Masayuki Hasegawa, Hiroko Kitamura, Akira Ogami
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the working behavior of part-time occupational physicians using practical recording sheets to clarify issues of occupational physicians' activities according to industrial groups or size of business. METHODS: We collected 561 recording sheets in 96 industries from 11 part-time occupational physicians as collaborators, who volunteered to be a part of this research. We collected a variety of information from the practical recording sheets, including the industry in which each occupational physician was employed, the annual number of times of work attendance, occupational physician-conducted workplace patrol, and employee health management...
September 30, 2016: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
Rochelle Tobin, Justine Leavy, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: Office-based staff spend around three quarters of their work day sitting. People who sit for long periods while at work are at greater risk of adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The pilot study aimed to determine the effect of sit-stand workstations on office-based staff sedentary and physical activity behaviors, work ability and self-reported physical and mental health outcomes. METHODS: A two-group pre-post study design assessed changes in sedentary and physical activity behaviors (time spent sitting, standing and stepping and sit-stand transitions and number of steps taken) work ability and physical and mental health...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Elena Fiabane, Eleonora Ferraris, Paola Ranalletti, Debora Conti, Ines Giorgi, Marcella Ottonello, Piergiorgio Argentero
INTRODUCTION: Substance dependence problems are considered to be a relevant issue for a large proportion of the working population and represent a huge health and occupational cost. However, few studies have examined the return to work after addiction problems. AIMS: This exploratory follow-up study aims to evaluate the return to work, in terms of employment outcomes, perceived work environment and physical and mental health of patients who have completed an addiction rehabilitation program and an employment and social intervention...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
Vanessa Greco, Heather Christine Lambert, Melissa Park
BACKGROUND: Recovery-oriented mental health services empower all clients, including youth and their families, to be actively involved in directing their own care. In order to develop person-driven interventions, clinicians must understand what matters from their perspective. Thus, recovery-oriented assessments need self-report measures that adequately capture the domains and content that matter to a range of particular persons. AIM: This study examined if and how PhotoVoice, a participatory research method used to empower and highlight the unique experiences of vulnerable groups, could be used as a recovery-oriented self-report measure for children with a mental health disorder...
September 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Dominic Murphy, Lucy Spencer-Harper, Carron Carson, Emily Palmer, Kate Hill, Nicola Sorfleet, Simon Wessely, Walter Busuttil
OBJECTIVES: Military-related trauma can be difficult to treat. Evaluating longer term responses to treatment and identifying which individuals may need additional support could inform clinical practice. We assessed 1-year outcomes in UK veterans treated for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). DESIGN: Within-participant design. SETTING: The intervention was offered by Combat Stress, a mental health charity for veterans in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: The sample included 401 veterans who completed a standardised 6-week residential treatment...
September 16, 2016: BMJ Open
Bronwyn Brew, Kerry Inder, Joanne Allen, Matthew Thomas, Brian Kelly
BACKGROUND: Isolation, long work days, climate change and globalization are just some of the many pressures that make farming a vulnerable occupation for incurring mental health issues. The objective of this study was to determine whether farming in Australia is associated with poorer wellbeing, physical and mental health, and less health service use. METHODS: The Australian Rural Mental Health Study, a longitudinal cohort study was analysed over four time points comparing farmers with non-farming workers (n = 1184 at baseline)...
2016: BMC Public Health
David Boulos, Mark A Zamorski
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the delay to care among Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel who sought care for a mental disorder changed over time and in association with CAF mental health system augmentations. DESIGN: A stratified, random sample (n=2014) was selected for study from an Afghanistan-deployed cohort (N=30 513) and the 415 (weighted N=4108) individuals diagnosed with an Afghanistan service-related mental disorder were further assessed. Diagnosis-related data were abstracted from medical records (22 June 2010 to 30 May 2011)...
2016: BMJ Open
Kassahun Habtamu, Atalay Alem, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu, Martin Prince, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Most measures of functioning in people with severe mental disorders (SMD) have been developed in Western societies. Many of the questions in these scales are culture-bound, fail to capture differentiation of tasks by gender and are difficult to adapt to other contexts. The aim of this study was to develop a measure of functioning for people with SMD which is contextually appropriate for a rural African setting. METHODS: A review of existing scales, a qualitative study, free listing and pile sorting exercises, and expert consensus were used to establish a pool of items...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
Reema Samuel, Paul Ss Russell, Tapan Kumar Paraseth, Sharmila Ernest, K S Jacob
BACKGROUND: Available occupational therapy assessment scales focus on specific areas of functioning. There is a need for comprehensive evaluation of diverse aspects of functioning in people with mental illness. AIM: To develop a comprehensive assessment scale to evaluate diverse aspects of functioning among people with mental illness and to assess its validity and reliability. METHODS: Available instruments, which evaluate diverse aspects of functioning in people with mental illness, were retrieved...
August 26, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Esther Colell, Albert Sanchez-Niubo, Montse Ferrer, Antònia Domingo-Salvany
BACKGROUND: The results of several studies suggest that economy-related stressors are less distressing for women compared with men. This study proposed to examine the relationship of perceived job insecurity with the use of licit drugs using a theoretical model that considered antecedents and mediators of this association, in order to identify differences between working men and women. METHODS: Using information from the Catalan Health Survey (2010-2014), we selected working individuals aged 16-64 who were primary providers of household income (N=5315)...
August 1, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Bianca M Kuehler, Susan R Childs
Bianca Kuehler and Susan Childs speak to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Dr Bianca Kuehler initially qualified in Germany as an anesthetist in 1993 and is on the specialist register in the UK. After moving to the UK she obtained a Diploma in Occupational Health to supplement the understanding and implication of chronic pain on the work environment. She is very interested in multidisciplinary approaches in treatment of chronic and acute pain patients and, therefore, working closely with Dr Childs opened a plethora of opportunities to develop new services including a fibromyalgia clinic and a specialist clinic for patients who are survivors of torture...
October 2016: Pain Management
Rosangela Galli, Emílio Hideyuki Moriguchi, Neide Maria Bruscato, Rogerio Lessa Horta, Marcos Pascoal Pattussi
INTRODUCTION: Active aging is the process of optimizing opportunities for health, participation and security, aiming to improve quality of life as people age. A series of studies had demonstrated that a lower prevalence of depression is found among more active elderly. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between indicators of active aging and depressive symptoms among the elderly (aged 60 years or more). METHOD: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,006 elderly people (aged 60 years or over) from a small-sized Brazilian municipality...
April 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Stephanie J Lee, Brent Logan, Peter Westervelt, Corey Cutler, Ann Woolfrey, Shakila P Khan, Edmund K Waller, Richard T Maziarz, Juan Wu, Bronwen E Shaw, Dennis Confer, Mary M Horowitz, Claudio Anasetti
Importance: Bone marrow or peripheral blood from unrelated donors may be used for hematopoietic cell transplantation. Information about the relative success of transplantation with these 2 graft sources would help physicians and patients choose between them. Objective: To compare patient-reported outcomes between patients randomized to receive 1 of 2 graft types for unrelated donor transplantation. Design, Setting, and Participants: This follow-up of a randomized clinical trial included English- or Spanish-speaking patients 16 years or older participating in a multicenter randomized clinical trial of unrelated donor bone marrow (BM) vs peripheral blood (PB) (N = 551) in hematopoietic cell transplantation for hematologic neoplasms...
August 11, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Neda Haji-Ali-Nili, Fariba Khoshzaban, Mehrdad Karimi
BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease is one of the most common public health problems in the field of ophthalmology that causes decreased physical, psychological, social and occupational functioning, and interferes with daily activities like reading, driving, computer work and watching TV. The effect of this disease on quality of life is similar to severe migraine and angina. In addition, the severity of the disease is closely related to depression. Outbreaks are increasing with the use of contact lenses and refractive surgery such as LASIK...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
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