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Mental health occupational assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#1
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898963/job-demands-resources-and-mental-health-in-uk-prison-officers
#2
G Kinman, A J Clements, J Hart
Background: Research findings indicate that working as a prison officer can be highly stressful, but the aspects of work that predict their mental health status are largely unknown. Aims: To examine, using elements of the demands-resources model, the extent to which work pressure and several potential resources (i.e. control, support from managers and co-workers, role clarity, effective working relationships and positive change management) predict mental health in a sample of UK prison officers...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895619/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-professional-rugby-an-international-observational-descriptive-study
#3
Vincent Gouttebarge, Phil Hopley, Gino Kerkhoffs, Evert Verhagen, Wayne Viljoen, Paul Wylleman, Mike I Lambert
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders among professional rugby players across countries. A cross-sectional analysis of the baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study was conducted. Nine national players' associations and three rugby unions distributed questionnaires based on validated scales for assessing symptoms of common mental disorders. Among the whole study sample (N=990; overall response rate of 28%), prevalence (4-week) of symptoms of common mental disorders ranged from 15% for adverse alcohol use to 30% for anxiety/depression...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893255/oncologist-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-investigating-time-pressure-at-work-as-a-predictor-and-the-mediating-role-of-work-family-conflict
#4
Sibyl Kleiner, Jean E Wallace
BACKGROUND: Oncologists are at high risk of poor mental health. Prior research has focused on burnout, and has identified heavy workload as a key predictor. Compassion fatigue among physicians has generally received less attention, although medical specialties such as oncology may be especially at risk of compassion fatigue. We contribute to research by identifying predictors of both burnout and compassion fatigue among oncologists. In doing so, we distinguish between quantitative workload (e...
September 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878710/examining-depressive-symptoms-and-their-predictors-in-malaysia-stress-locus-of-control-and-occupation
#5
Si H Yeoh, Cai L Tam, Chee P Wong, Gregory Bonn
The 2015 National Health and Morbidity Survey estimated that over 29% of the adult population of Malaysia suffers from mental distress, a nearly 3-fold increase from the 10.7% estimated by the NHMS in 1996 pointing to the potential beginnings of a public health crisis. This study aimed to better understand this trend by assessing depressive symptoms and their correlates in a cross-section of Malaysians. Specifically, it assesses stress, perceived locus of control, and various socio-demographic variables as possible predictors of depressive symptoms in the Malaysian context...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877603/the-use-of-psychosocial-services-post-hand-and-upper-limb-injury-and-trauma-a-pilot-study
#6
Gregory Chown, Mary Beckwold, Heather Chernosky, Jonathan Lozoskie, Allison Yerkes
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates that hand injuries may cause psychological difficulties. To enhance recovery, therapists must provide appropriate referrals. The purpose of this study was to explore the use of psychosocial services by occupational therapists (OTs) and certified hand therapists (CHTs) post hand and upper limb injury or trauma. METHODS: A quantitative survey design was implemented using a self-made questionnaire, which consisted of questions regarding demographic information, types and frequency of hand and upper limb injuries, psychiatric diagnoses, frequency of psychosocial service referrals, frames of references used, types of psychosocial assessments and interventions employed, and barriers to psychosocial services...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870691/-burnout-in-tunisian-medical-residents-about-149-cases
#7
A Ben Zid, W Homri, I Ben Romdhane, N Bram, R Labbane
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a professional psychological chronic stress-induced syndrome defined by three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. This syndrome concerns all professions but especially healthcare staff. Numerous studies have attempted to document the impact of work activities on the doctor's mental health. According to the literature, junior doctors are more vulnerable to develop this syndrome. AIMS: Are to determine the prevalence of severe burnout among residents of different specialties: anesthesiology, general surgery, emergency medicine, psychiatry, basic sciences...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868957/development-of-the-soss-d-a-scale-to-measure-stigma-of-occupational-stress-and-burnout-in-medical-doctors
#8
Bonnie A Clough, Michael J Ireland, Sonja March
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress and burnout are highly prevalent among doctors, with stigma identified as a barrier to help-seeking in this population. However, there has been a lack of a standardised tool to measure stigma of occupational stress and burnout among doctors. AIMS: The aim of the current study was to develop and investigate the psychometric properties of the Stigma of Occupational Stress Scale for Doctors (SOSS-D). METHOD: An online questionnaire package was completed by 200 (38 male, 162 female) doctors...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841707/a-qualitative-study-of-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-people-exposed-to-diesel-exhaust-at-the-workplace-in-british-columbia-canada
#9
Mandy Pui, Anne-Marie Nicol, Michael Brauer, Farshad Palad, Christopher Carlsten
PURPOSE: To identify exposure-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of individuals occupationally exposed to diesel exhaust (DE); to reveal strengths, knowledge gaps and misperceptions therein. METHODS: A Mental Models approach was used to gather information about current scientific understanding of DE exposure hazards and the ways in which exposure can be reduced. Thirty individuals in British Columbia who were regularly exposed to occupational DE were interviewed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830555/work-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-psychological-complaints-in-patients-on-sick-leave-due-to-work-related-stress-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Vita Ligaya Dalgaard, Lars Peter Sønderbo Andersen, Johan Hviid Andersen, Morten Vejs Willert, Ole Carstensen, David John Glasscock
BACKGROUND: Work-related stress is a global problem with negative implications for individuals and society. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate a stress management intervention for patients on sick leave due to work-related stress complaints using a three-armed randomized controlled design. METHODS: Participants were patients referred from three municipalities to the regional Department of Occupational Medicine. Inclusion criteria were: 1) sick leave due to work-related stress complaints, 2) a diagnosis of adjustment disorder or reactions to severe stress (ICD 10 code: F43,2 - F 43,9 not PTSD) or mild depressive episode (F 32...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819065/effects-of-the-fort-mcmurray-wildfires-on-the-health-of-evacuated-workers-follow-up-of-2-cohorts
#11
Nicola Cherry, Whitney Haynes
BACKGROUND: Wildfire engulfed Fort McMurray, Alberta on May 3, 2016, leading to a total evacuation. Access to 2 active cohorts allowed us to rapidly assess health effects in those evacuated. METHODS: People working in Fort McMurray who had been recruited before the fire for 2 occupational health cohort studies completed a questionnaire (online or via telephone) 3-26 weeks after evacuation. The questionnaire asked about respiratory and mental health and experiences since the fire...
August 15, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#12
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806369/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-associated-implications-for-health-and-functioning-among-male-and-female-post-9-11-veterans
#13
Katherine M Iverson, Dawne Vogt, Rachel M Maskin, Brian N Smith
BACKGROUND: There is increased emphasis on identifying patients who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in Department of Veterans Affairs and other health care settings. A better understanding of IPV's implications for health and functioning is needed among post-911 Veterans, and especially male Veterans, to inform IPV screening and response. OBJECTIVES: To identify past 6-month IPV experienced among partnered post-9/11 Veterans and examine sex-based associations between IPV and health...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805069/assessing-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Eman J Abdullah, Hanan E Badr
The main objective of this paper was to assess the level and the determinants of quality of life (QOL) amongst patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A cross-sectional study was conducted among a convenience sample of 200 adult MS patients. Inclusion criteria were: MS diagnosis for at least one year, and aged 21+ years. However, exclusion criteria were: having other neurological diseases, serious cardiovascular, orthopedic or other disability precluding participation. Self-administered questionnaire employed MSQOL-54 with two outcomes: Physical Health Composite (PHC) and mental health composite (MHC)...
August 13, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789653/occupational-status-as-a-determinant-of-mental-health-inequities-in-french-young-people-is-fairness-needed-results-of-a-cross-sectional-multicentre-observational-survey
#15
Marie Blanquet, Emilie Labbe-Lobertreau, Catherine Sass, Dominique Berger, Laurent Gerbaud
BACKGROUND: Employment conditions are associated with health inequities. In 2013, French young people had the highest unemployment rate and among those who worked as salaried workers most of them had temporary job. The purpose of the study was to assess mental health state of French young people through the prism of their occupational status and to measure whether occupational status is a determinant of health inequities. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentre observational survey was performed in June and July 2010 in 115 French Local Social Centres and 74 Health Examination Centres, who were available to participate...
August 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#16
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746705/risk-of-suicide-attempt-among-soldiers-in-army-units-with-a-history-of-suicide-attempts
#17
Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, James A Naifeh, Holly Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, Paul D Bliese, Alan M Zaslavsky, Tsz Hin Hinz Ng, Pablo A Aliaga, Gary H Wynn, Hieu M Dinh, James E McCarroll, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Michael Schoenbaum, Steven G Heeringa, Murray B Stein
Importance: Mental health of soldiers is adversely affected by the death and injury of other unit members, but whether risk of suicide attempt is influenced by previous suicide attempts in a soldier's unit is unknown. Objective: To examine whether a soldier's risk of suicide attempt is influenced by previous suicide attempts in that soldier's unit. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS), this study identified person-month records for all active-duty, regular US Army, enlisted soldiers who attempted suicide from January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2009 (n = 9650), and an equal-probability sample of control person-months (n = 153 528)...
September 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744989/impact-of-rurality-and-substance-use-on-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#18
Helen J Stain, Sean A Halpin, Amanda L Baker, Mike Startup, Vaughan J Carr, Ulrich Schall, Kylie Crittenden, Vanessa Clark, Terry J Lewin, Sandra Bucci
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal research into early intervention for youth at ultra high risk (UHR) for psychosis demonstrates beneficial outcomes including increased treatment compliance and greater participation in education and the workforce. Despite known barriers for rural youth accessing mental health services, research comparing urban and rural UHR youth is lacking. The study included an examination of the impact of substance use on functioning of UHR youth. METHODS: Youth aged 12 to 25 years were recruited from the urban area of Newcastle or the rural area of Orange, New South Wales, Australia, and identified as UHR by the Comprehensive Assessment of At Risk Mental States...
July 26, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736451/assessing-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-municipal-waste-loaders-of-mumbai-india
#19
Pradeep Salve, Praveen Chokhandre, Dhananjay Bansod
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the impact of municipal waste loading occupation upon developing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and thereby disabilities among waste loaders. Additionally, the study has identified the potential risk factors raising MSDs and disabilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control design survey was conducted in 6 out of 24 municipal wards of Mumbai during March-September 2015. The study population consisted of municipal waste loaders (N = 180) and a control group (N = 180)...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734714/arthroscopic-treatment-of-posterior-shoulder-instability-in-patients-with-and-without-glenoid-dysplasia-a-comparative-outcomes-analysis
#20
Joseph W Galvin, Douglas R Morte, Jason A Grassbaugh, Stephen A Parada, Samuel H Burns, Josef K Eichinger
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of glenoid dysplasia on outcomes after isolated arthroscopic posterior labral repair in a young military population. METHODS: Thirty-seven male patients who underwent arthroscopic posterior labral repair for symptomatic posterior shoulder instability were evaluated at a mean duration of 3.1 years. A comparative analysis was performed for those with glenoid dysplasia and without dysplasia. Additional factors analyzed included military occupational specialty (MOS), preoperative mental health clinical encounters and mental health medication use, and radiographic characteristics (version, posterior humeral head subluxation, and posterior capsular area) on a preoperative standard shoulder magnetic resonance arthrogram...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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