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Mental health occupational assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#1
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043249/-an-investigation-of-psychological-state-at-different-stages-of-occupational-aids-exposure-and-related-influencing-factors-in-nanning-china
#2
Q Lin, X M Ge, J C Mo, S S Li, C C Chen, S Y Chen
Objective: To investigate the changes in psychological state after occupational exposure in the AIDS occupational exposure population and related influencing factors, and to provide baseline data and a basis for related departments to conduct mental health prevention and intervention for personnel with occupational AIDS exposure. Methods: AIDS risk assessment was performed for all personnel with occupational AIDS exposure in 2014 in Nanning, China, and the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) psychological scale was used for psychological state evaluation at 24 hours, 1 week, and 3 months after occupational exposure in all persons who met the research criteria...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043243/-association-between-sense-of-coherence-and-occupational-stress-of-workers-in-modern-service-industry-in-shanghai-china
#3
X Y Lu, J M Dai, N Wu, C Shu, J L Gao, H Fu
Objective: To investigate understand the current status of the sense of coherence and occupational stress in modern service workers, and to analyze the association between occupational stress and the sense of coherence. Methods: From March to April, 2016, 834 modern service workers from 3 companies in Shanghai, China (in air transportation industry, marketing industry, and travel industry) were surveyed by non-ran-dom sampling. The self-completion questionnaires were filled out anonymously given the informed consent of the workers...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003034/resistance-training-program-for-fatigue-management-in-the-workplace-exercise-protocol-in-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Hélio Gustavo Santos, Luciana Dias Chiavegato, Daniela Pereira Valentim, Patricia Rodrigues da Silva, Rosimeire Simprini Padula
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a multifactorial condition that leads to disease and loss in production, and it affects a large number of workers worldwide. This study aims to demonstrate a resistance exercise protocol that individuals will perform during the work schedule, and to evaluate the effectiveness of this exercises program for fatigue control. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a cluster randomized controlled trial with two arms and is assessor blinded. A total of 352 workers of both sexes, aged 18-65 years, from a medium-sized dairy plant were enrolled in this study...
December 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990294/prevalence-and-associated-factors-for-suicidal-ideation-in-the-lagos-state-mental-health-survey-nigeria
#5
Abiodun O Adewuya, Bolanle A Ola, Olurotimi A Coker, Olayinka Atilola, Mathew P Zachariah, Olufemi Olugbile, Adedolapo Fasawe, Olajide Idris
BACKGROUND: To combat the increasing rate of suicide, basic data on suicidal behaviours reflecting the uniqueness of the locality are needed in sub-Saharan Africa. AIMS: To assess the prevalence of suicidal ideation and associated factors. METHOD: Adults (n=11 246) from the five administrative divisions of Lagos State completed questionnaires detailing suicidal ideation, socio-demographic details, common mental disorders (depression, anxiety and somatic symptoms), alcohol and psychoactive substance use disorders and disability...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969088/caseness-rates-and-risk-factors-for-depression-among-vietnamese-cancer-patients
#6
N T K Yen, B Weiss, L T Trung
OBJECTIVE: Research suggests that rates of depression among general population samples in Asia may be significantly lower than in much of the rest of the world. However, whether this applies to depression among cancer patients is unclear, which is important to determine in order to identify depression treatment needs among cancer patients in this region. The purpose of the present study was to assess caseness rates of serious depression among general cancer patients in the Southeast Asian nation of Viet Nam...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940924/evidence-based-interventions-for-increasing-work-participation-for-persons-with-various-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#7
Diane L Smith, Katie Atmatzidis, Marisa Capogreco, Dominic Lloyd-Randolfi, Victoria Seman
Title I of the Americans With Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination in employment; however, 26 years later, employment rates for persons with disabilities hover at 34%. This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of evidence-based interventions to increase employment for people with various disabilities. Forty-six articles met the inclusion criteria for evidence-based interventions. The majority of studies assessed interventions for persons with mental health disabilities. Strong evidence was found for ongoing support and work-related social skills training prior to and during competitive employment for persons with mental health disabilities...
December 9, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936849/occupational-functioning-and-employment-services-use-among-va-primary-care-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Rebecca K Sripada, Jennifer Henry, Matheos Yosef, Debra S Levine, Kipling M Bohnert, Erin Miller, Kara Zivin
OBJECTIVE: Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) exhibit high levels of unemployment. The Department of Veterans Affairs' Veterans Health Administration (VHA) offers a variety of employment services; however, few veterans with PTSD use these services. Because many veterans with mental health conditions are seen in primary care clinics, employment service needs may be best addressed in this setting. The current study was designed to assess employment status and support needs in VHA primary care patients who screen positive for PTSD...
December 12, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929927/multiple-dimensions-of-work-related-risk-factors-and-their-relationship-to-work-ability-among-industrial-workers-in-iran
#9
Hamidreza Mokarami, Seyed Bagher Mortazavi, Ali Asgari, Alireza Choobineh, Lorann Stallones
AIMS: The present study was designed to investigate the simultaneous effects of physical, psychosocial and other work-related risk factors on the work ability index (WAI) score among industrial workers. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with a questionnaire survey. 280 workers were included in the study. Data were collected using three questionnaires including the Persian version of WAI (P-WAI), the Persian version of job content questionnaire (P-JCQ) and an author-developed measure (to assess work-related factors, health-related factors and socio-demographic characteristics)...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925449/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-a-questionnaire-measure-of-managerial-stigma-towards-employee-depression
#10
Angela J Martin, Rebecca Giallo
Managers' attitudes play a key role in how organizations respond to employees with depression. We examine the measurement properties of a questionnaire designed to assess managerial stigma towards employees with depression. Using data from a sample of 469 Australian managers representing a wide range of industries and work settings, we conducted a confirmatory factor analysis to assess three proposed subscales representing affective, cognitive and behavioural forms of stigma. Results were equivocal indicating acceptable fit for two-factor (affective and cognitive + behavioural), three-factor (affective, cognitive and behavioural) and higher order models...
December 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905904/evaluating-the-implementation-process-of-a-participatory-organizational-level-occupational-health-intervention-in-schools
#11
Roosmarijn M C Schelvis, Noortje M Wiezer, Birgitte M Blatter, Joost A G M van Genabeek, Karen M Oude Hengel, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: The importance of process evaluations in examining how and why interventions are (un) successful is increasingly recognized. Process evaluations mainly studied the implementation process and the quality of the implementation (fidelity). However, in adopting this approach for participatory organizational level occupational health interventions, important aspects such as context and participants perceptions are missing. Our objective was to systematically describe the implementation process of a participatory organizational level occupational health intervention aimed at reducing work stress and increasing vitality in two schools by applying a framework that covers aspects of the intervention and its implementation as well as the context and participants perceptions...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894466/relationships-between-adult-emotional-states-and-indicators-of-health-care-utilization-findings-from-the-national-health-interview-survey-2006-2014
#12
Judith D Weissman, David Russell, Jeannette Beasley, Melanie Jay, Dolores Malaspina
OBJECTIVE: Adults with serious psychological distress have a high likelihood of mental health problems severe enough to cause serious impairment in social and occupational functioning requiring treatment. These adults visit doctors frequently yet have poor health compared to adults without serious psychological distress. This study examined associations between emotional states of serious psychological distress in relationship to healthcare utilization indicators. A guiding hypothesis was that somatization underlying emotional states contributes to excessive healthcare seeking among adults with serious psychological distress...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881965/fundamental-role-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-677-c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-t-genotype-and-flavin-compounds-in-biochemical-phenotypes-for-schizophrenia-and-schizoaffective-psychosis
#13
Stephanie Fryar-Williams
The Mental Health Biomarker Project (2010-2016) explored variables for psychosis in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Blood samples from 67, highly characterized symptomatic cases and 67 gender and age matched control participants were analyzed for methyl tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C → T gene variants and for vitamin B6, B12 and D, folate, unbound copper, zinc cofactors for enzymes in the methylation cycle, and related catecholamine pathways. Urine samples were analyzed for indole-catecholamines, their metabolites, and oxidative-stress marker, hydroxylpyrolline-2-one (HPL)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852879/examining-the-sources-of-occupational-stress-in-an-emergency-department
#14
S Basu, C Yap, S Mason
BACKGROUND: Previous work has established that health care staff, in particular emergency department (ED) personnel, experience significant occupational stress but the underlying stressors have not been well quantified. Such data inform interventions that can reduce cases of occupational mental illness, burnout, staff turnover and early retirement associated with cumulative stress. AIMS: To develop, implement and evaluate a questionnaire examining the origins of occupational stress in the ED...
December 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846822/quality-of-life-of-caregivers-of-patients-diagnosed-with-severe-mental-illness-at-the-national-referral-hospitals-in-uganda
#15
Cynthia Ndikuno, Mariam Namutebi, Job Kuteesa, David Mukunya, Connie Olwit
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, 450 million people suffer from mental and behavioral disorders. In Uganda, it is estimated that 35% of the population that is 9,574,915 people suffer from some form of mental illness. Caregivers are increasingly bearing the responsibility of taking care of these patients, which can influence their QoL due to the social and economic costs they incur. The aim of the study was to assess the QoL of caregivers for patients diagnosed with severe mental illness attending the National Referral Hospitals in Uganda...
November 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815771/effects-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-somatic-and-mental-health-secondary-outcomes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Chris Jensen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To evaluate effects on somatic and mental health of a multicomponent inpatient occupational rehabilitation program compared to a less comprehensive outpatient program in individuals on sick leave for musculoskeletal complaints or mental health disorders. Methods A randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2. Potential participants were identified in the Social Security System Registry...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809588/the-conduct-and-process-of-mental-capacity-assessments-in-home-health-care-settings
#17
Charlotte Cliff, Caroline McGraw
The assessment of capacity to consent to treatment is key to shared practitioner-patient decision-making. It is the responsibility of the person closest to the decision being made to carry out the assessment. The aim was to examine the factors that influence mental capacity assessments in home health care settings and identify the facilitators and inhibitors to the conduct and process of assessments as perceived and experienced by non-medical health practitioners providing generalist community services. Semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of community nurses, community physiotherapists and community occupational therapists in one NHS Trust in London...
November 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796103/a-comparison-of-two-assessments-of-levels-of-functioning-in-clients-with-intellectual-disability-between-occupational-therapists-and-nursing-staff-within-a-long-term-mental-healthcare-facility-in-south-africa
#18
Janine Van der Linde, Daleen Casteleijn
BACKGROUND: The implementation of the South African Mental Health Care Act, which regulates care for clients with intellectual disabilities, impacted on the healthcare services provided to this population. Changes in the Act necessitated planning of new care packages, which resulted in the investigation of the current hospital client profile, as well as assessment data on patient abilities according to the occupational therapist and nursing staff as primary caregivers. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive correlation study design was used as information was analysed from an existing database...
September 27, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795918/the-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-depression-in-policing-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sri-lanka
#19
Nuwan D Wickramasinghe, Pushpa R Wijesinghe, Samath D Dharmaratne, Suneth B Agampodi
BACKGROUND: Policing is regarded as a high-risk profession for the development of mental health disturbances owing to various critical incidents and potential traumatic events they encounter. Exploration of mental health problems in policing in Sri Lanka, which recently concluded a civil war expanded over three decades, is a timely, yet, a neglected issue. Hence, the present study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence and associated factors of depression among police officers in the Kandy police division, Sri Lanka...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770242/the-relation-between-catastrophizing-and-occupational-disability-in-individuals-with-major-depression-concurrent-and-prospective-associations
#20
Heather Adams, Pascal Thibault, Tamra Ellis, Emily Moore, Michael Sullivan
Background Catastrophic thinking has been associated with occupational disability in individuals with debilitating pain conditions. The relation between catastrophic thinking and occupational disability has not been previously examined in individuals with debilitating mental health conditions. The present study examined the relation between catastrophic thinking and occupational disability in individuals with major depression. Methods The study sample consisted of 80 work-disabled individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) who were referred to an occupational rehabilitation service...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
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