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Mental health occupational assessment

Suzy B Gulliver, Rose Zimering, Jeff Knight, Sandra Morissette, Barbara Kamholz, Eric Meyer, Terence Keane, Michelle Pennington, Tessa Denman, Thomas Carpenter, Nathan Kimbrel
Firefighters constitute an understudied occupational group that are exposed to a great deal of occupational stress including potentially traumatic stress. As such, higher prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders have been observed within this population; however, very little is known about the trajectories of health-risk behaviors among firefighters in response to occupational stress over time. The present study enrolled 322 fire service recruits from 7 urban U.S...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Giridhara R Babu, G V S Murthy, Neeru Singh, Anita Nath, Mohanbabu Rathnaiah, Nolita Saldanha, R Deepa, Sanjay Kinra
Background: The increasing recognition of antenatal depression is an emerging area of concern in developing countries. We conducted a study to estimate the prevalence of antenatal mental distress and its relation with sociodemographic factors, obstetric factors, and physiological wellbeing in pregnant women attending public health facilities in Bengaluru, South India. Methods: Nested within a cohort study, we assessed the mental status in 823 pregnant women in two public referral hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Peter Tyrer
Much has been done in the last 50 years to achieve a better understanding of the psychosocial causes and other factors influencing the manifestation of mental illness, but there has been a conspicuous omission. Although gross environmental deficiencies were exposed in old mental institutions, 70 years ago the more subtle maladaptive settings that reinforce chronicity in mental illness have often been forgotten. In this review, the potential of systematic environmental manipulation as a treatment (nidotherapy) and other similar forms of management, used many times in the past but now mainly in forensic settings, is examined...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Anne-Marthe R Indregard, Stein Knardahl, Morten B Nielsen
Health- and social workers are frequently exposed to emotionally demanding work situations that require emotion regulation. Studies have demonstrated a direct relationship between emotion regulation and health complaints and sickness absence. In order to prevent health complaints and to reduce sickness absence among health- and social workers, there is need for greater attention to mechanisms explaining when and how emotionally demanding work situations are related to employee health and sickness absence. The overarching aim of this study was therefore to examine the moderating role of generalized self-efficacy on the association between emotional dissonance, employee health (mental distress and exhaustion), and registry based sickness absence...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Maryam Yazdi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Awat Feizi, Katayoon Rabiei, Nizal Sarafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Psychological problems affect many employees and their job performance. Although, the association of diet and stress, as modifiable risk factors, with psychological problems have been investigated separately, however their simultaneous impacts have not been studied. The present study aimed at reinvestigating the association of major dietary patterns and stressful life events with intensity of psychological problems in a large sample of Iranian industrial employees. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 3063 employees in an industrial unit in Isfahan, Iran were investigated...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Tolulope Opakunle, Olutayo Aloba, Adesanmi Akinsulore, Olubukola Opakunle, Femi Fatoye
Objective: This study attempted to explore the feasibility of use of the 18-item Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) as a subjective suicide risk assessment tool in a cross-sectional sample of Nigerian patients with schizophrenia. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and thirty-two outpatients with schizophrenia were recruited from the mental health clinic of a university teaching hospital in Southwestern Nigeria. They completed the OCI-R in addition to the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, and a sociodemographic and illness-related questionnaire...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Mary Birken, Claire Henderson, Mike Slade
Background: A deterioration in mental health and admission to an acute mental health unit can result in skill loss and decreased participation in daily life. Furthermore, discharge from hospital is associated with high risks of social isolation and suicide. This intervention development study aims to describe the rationale, methods and processes of developing an intervention for adults with a diagnosed psychotic disorder following discharge from hospital. The intervention aims to increase participation in self-care and leisure, wellbeing and quality of life and reduce crisis service use...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Mette Andersen Nexø, Josefine Vejlby Kristensen, Majbritt Thorhauge Grønvad, Jesper Kristiansen, Otto Melchior Poulsen
Objectives A wide range of guidelines have been developed to prevent work-related mental health problems (MHP), but little is known about the quality of such guidelines. We systematically reviewed the content and quality of workplace guidelines aiming to prevent, detect, and/or manage work-related MHP. Methods We conducted systematic online and database searches (MEDLINE; Web of Science; PsychNET; occupational safety and health databases) to identify guidelines. Eligibility criteria included guidelines recommending primary, secondary, or tertiary preventive interventions to be implemented at the workplace by employers, employees or organizational staff...
April 30, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Molly M Fuentes, Jin Wang, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Keith Owen Yeates, Dennis Durbin, Mark R Zonfrillo, Kenneth M Jaffe, Nancy Temkin, David Tulsky, Hilary Bertisch, Frederick P Rivara
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we describe unmet service needs of children hospitalized for traumatic brain injury (TBI) during the first 2 years after injury and examine associations between child, family, and injury-related characteristics and unmet needs in 6 domains (physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, mental health services, educational services, and physiatry). METHODS: Prospective cohort study of children age 8 to 18 years old admitted to 6 hospitals with complicated mild or moderate to severe TBI...
April 19, 2018: Pediatrics
Uwe Rose, Grit Müller, Gabriele Freude, Norbert Kersten
AIM: Do the amount of workload, strain and the association between both differ between employed physician and other employees subject to social security contributions? This is investigated in this present study by comparing two representative samples. METHODS: Psycho-social working conditions were by assessed computer-assisted personal interviews and supplemented by questions about burnout and depressive symptoms. The associations were investigated by linear regression analysis including moderating effects due to differences between occupations...
April 17, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
Hyo Jin Lee, Denise D Tran, Holly E R Morrell
Problematic video game use (PVGU), or addiction-like use of video games, is associated with physical and mental health problems and problems in social and occupational functioning. Possible correlates of PVGU include frequency of play, cigarette smoking, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The aim of the current study was to explore simultaneously the relationships among these variables as well as test whether two separate measures of PVGU measure the same construct, using a structural modeling approach...
April 13, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Regina Winzer, Lene Lindberg, Karin Guldbrandsson, Anna Sidorchuk
Background: Symptoms of depression, anxiety, and distress are more common in undergraduates compared to age-matched peers. Mental ill health among students is associated with impaired academic achievement, worse occupational preparedness, and lower future occupational performance. Research on mental health promoting and mental ill health preventing interventions has shown promising short-term effects, though the sustainability of intervention benefits deserve closer attention. We aimed to identify, appraise and summarize existing data from randomized control trials (RCTs) reporting on whether the effects of mental health promoting and mental ill health preventing interventions were sustained at least three months post-intervention, and to analyze how the effects vary for different outcomes in relation to follow-up length...
2018: PeerJ
Rachel Harris, Deanna Gibbs, Kathryn Mangin-Heimos, Roberta Pineda
PURPOSE: To (1) examine the extent of a range of early mental health challenges in mothers with a very preterm infant hospitalized in the NICU and mothers of full-term infants, (2) identify family social background and infant medical factors associated with higher levels of maternal psychological distress, and (3) assess the relationship between maternal psychological distress and maternal perceptions of the parenting role, parenting confidence and NICU engagement. METHODS: At hospital discharge 37 mothers of very preterm infants (≤32 weeks gestation) and 47 mothers of full-term infants (≥37 weeks gestation) completed structured assessments of their psychological wellbeing and transition to parenting...
April 3, 2018: Early Human Development
Terouz Pasha, Paul R A Stokes
Background: The 2015 Germanwings Flight 9525 disaster, in which 150 people were killed after the co-pilot may have intentionally crashed the plane in a suicide attempt, highlights the importance of better understanding the mental health of commercial airline pilots. However, there have been few systematic reviews investigating the topic of mental health in commercial aviation. This systematic review aims to identify the types and prevalence of mental health disorders that commercial airline pilots experience with a focus on mood disorders and suicide risk...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Gerhard Ransmayr, Philipp Hermann, Katharina Sallinger, Thomas Benke, Stephan Seiler, Peter Dal-Bianco, Josef Marksteiner, Michaela Defrancesco, Günter Sanin, Walter Struhal, Michael Guger, Milan Vosko, Karin Hagenauer, Riccarda Lehner, Andreas Futschik, Reinhold Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive studies on caregiver burden (CB) of persons caring for dementia patients differ methodologically and show variable results. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of known and hypothesized factors of CB in home care of dementia patients. METHODS: Multicenter longitudinal study comprising 585 persons caring mostly for Alzheimer's disease patients (age median 77.25 years, Mini-Mental State Examination raw score median 23) using the Zarit Caregiver Burden interview (CBI)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Lei Han, Yan Li, Weiwen Yan, Lisheng Xie, Shuping Wang, Qiuyun Wu, Xiaoming Ji, Baoli Zhu, Chunhui Ni
Background: Coal industry is one of the national pillar industries in China. A large number of coal miners are exposed to various occupational hazards, which might cause occupational disease. The aim of the study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) of coal miners in Xuzhou, China and explore influencing factors to QOL of coal miners. Methods: Six hundred and twelve underground miners and 354 ground workers in one of coal mines of Xuzhou were enrolled in our study...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Karen Rebeiro Gruhl, Sara Lacarte, Martin Boucher, Lauri Ledrew
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to assess the construct validity and internal consistency of a measure used by an occupation-based, mental health program. The measure was formulated according to the 3B theory of being, belong and becoming and system impacts. METHODS: The scale was administered to a sample of 122 current members of Northern Initiative for Social Action. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was carried out to examine the model fit of the 3B Scale...
March 30, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Antonio Muscari, Ilaria Spiller, Giampaolo Bianchi, Elisa Fabbri, Paola Forti, Donatella Magalotti, Paolo Pandolfi, Marco Zoli
BACKGROUND: Several predictors of cognitive impairment assessed by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) have previously been identified. However, which predictors are the most relevant and what is their effect on MMSE categories remains unclear. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal study using data from 1116 older adults (72.6 ± 5.6 years, 579 female), 350 of whom were followed for 7 years. At baseline, the following variables were collected: personal data, marital status, occupation, anthropometric measures, risk factors, previous cardiovascular events, self-rated health and physical activity during the last week...
March 27, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Junko Hatanaka, Masako Takasaki, Michiyo Hatanaka
OBJECTIVE: Occupational health staff and managers play important roles in supporting workers with mental health concerns and mutual co-operation among them is a necessary element. However, when co-operating with other professionals, several problems arise that often make such co-operation a challenge. Effective mutual actions are needed to promote such co-operation, and relationships must be formed for this purpose. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to clarify how occupational health nurses form relationships for facilitating co-operation with managers to provide support to workers with mental health concerns...
March 29, 2018: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
Elsbeth Marieke de Korte, Noortje Wiezer, Joris H Janssen, Peter Vink, Wessel Kraaij
BACKGROUND: To improve workers' health and well-being, workplace interventions have been developed, but utilization and reach are unsatisfactory, and effects are small. In recent years, new approaches such as mobile health (mHealth) apps are being developed, but the evidence base is poor. Research is needed to examine its potential and to assess when, where, and for whom mHealth is efficacious in the occupational setting. To develop interventions for workers that actually will be adopted, insight into user satisfaction and technology acceptance is necessary...
March 28, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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