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Mental health occupational assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135949/prevalence-of-mental-health-problems-and-associated-risk-factors-among-rural-to-urban-migrant-children-in-guangzhou-china
#1
Jun Wang, Ke Liu, Jing Zheng, Jiali Liu, Liming You
Rural-to-urban migration, which has achieved a huge scale during China's economic reform, is a potential risk factor for the mental health of migrant children. To test this hypothesis, this study assessed the mental health status of rural-to-urban migrant children. Guided by Andersen's behavioral model, the study explored the risk factors associated with mental health. The study recruited 1182 fifth/sixth-grade children from four private and four public primary schools in Guangzhou in 2014 in a descriptive cross-sectional design...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#2
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105043/quality-of-life-among-postmenopausal-women-in-rural-minia-egypt
#3
Nashwa N Kamal, Amany E Seedhom
This study aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of menopausal symptoms and their effect on the quality of life of postmenopausal women in rural Minia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1 100 postmenopausal women aged 45-60 years selected by multistage random sampling. The menopause rating scale (MRS) was used to assess the menopausal symptoms. The mean age at menopause was 48.9 (SD 4) years. The most frequent symptoms were joint and muscle pain (82.1%), physical and mental exhaustion (69...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095553/relations-between-subdomains-of-physical-activity-sedentary-lifestyle-and-quality-of-life-in-young-adult-men
#4
Ville Päivärinne, Hannu Kautiainen, Ari Heinonen, Ilkka Kiviranta
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between physical activity (PA) in work, transport, domestic and leisure-time domains (with sitting time included) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among young adult men. METHODS: The long version of IPAQ and SF-36 Health Survey were used to assess PA and HRQoL, respectively, in 1425 voluntary 20 to 40 year old Finnish male participants. Participants were divided into tertiles (MET-h/week): Lowest tertile (<38 MET-h/week), Middle tertile (38-100 MET-h/week) and Highest tertile (>100 MET-h/week)...
November 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070639/effects-of-a-multicomponent-workplace-intervention-programme-with-environmental-changes-on-physical-activity-among-japanese-white-collar-employees-a-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Kazuhiro Watanabe, Norito Kawakami
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity is one of the most important health behaviours as a determinant of physical and mental health. Although intervention strategies for promoting physical activity among workers are needed, evidence for the effectiveness of multilevel workplace interventions with environmental changes on the promotion of physical activity are still limited due to lack of cluster randomised controlled trials (RCTs). The aim of this study is to investigate effects of a 3-month workplace intervention programme with environmental changes on the improvement in physical activity among Japanese white collar employees...
October 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067590/within-person-fluctuations-in-wellbeing-and-task-specific-work-ability
#6
Julitta S Boschman, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Judith K Sluiter
PURPOSE: To research within-person fluctuations in occupational health, work ability and wellbeing, we need new measurement strategies. We studied absolute agreement for weekly measurements of task-specific work ability and relationships between wellbeing, work demands and personal factors and task-specific work ability over time. METHODS: Forty-eight Dutch academic researchers answered questions during 12 consecutive weeks. Physical and mental work demands, indicators of wellbeing and task-specific work ability in each week were measured...
October 24, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052283/characteristics-of-alleged-homicide-offenders-with-and-without-schizophrenia-in-sichuan-china
#7
Xiacan Chen, Xueli Zhang, Stephen C P Wong, Min Yang, Di Kong, Junmei Hu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the characteristics of people with and without schizophrenia who have been charged with homicide in China. AIMS AND RESEARCH QUESTION: Our research question was what differences are there between alleged homicide offenders with and without psychosis? METHOD: All archival records of alleged homicide cases referred for assessment to the West China Forensic Central Medical Service during 1998-2006 were retrieved...
October 19, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028582/internalized-stigma-and-its-impact-in-indian-outpatients-with-bipolar-disorder
#8
Arghya Pal, Pratap Sharan, Rakesh Kumar Chadda
Patients with many psychiatric disorders have considerable internalized stigma. The current study intended to examine the level and impact of internalized stigma in patients with bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). 60 patients with BPAD, 33 patients with schizophrenia and 30 patients with anxiety disorders were compared on Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness scale and The Stigma Scale. The patients with BPAD were assessed using Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Participation scale (PS) and World Health Organization Quality Of Life - Brief Version - Hindi (WHOQOL-bref)...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022737/implementation-of-an-integrative-medicine-treatment-program-at-a-veterans-health-administration-residential-mental-health-facility
#9
Melinda A Gaddy
A 4-week interdisciplinary integrative medicine program was recently added to the core treatment offerings for veterans participating in the Mental Health Residential Rehabilitation Program at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The new integrative medicine program teaches veterans about using meditative practices, nutrition, creative expression, tai chi, hatha yoga, sensory and breathing techniques, and lifestyle changes to enhance well-being. The groups are run by professionals from a variety of disciplines including recreation therapy, art therapy, occupational therapy, psychology, and nutrition...
October 12, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985249/occupational-social-and-mental-stimulation-and-cognitive-decline-with-advancing-age
#10
Catherine Grotz, Céline Meillon, Hélène Amieva, Ross Andel, Jean-François Dartigues, Stéphane Adam, Luc Letenneur
Objective: this study investigates the role of social and mental occupational characteristics in cognitive decline after retirement. Methods: the study included 1,048 subjects aged ≥65 years from the Three City cohort. Participants were evaluated at home at the initial visit and at 2-year intervals for a period of 12 years. The study includes detailed assessments of cognition, health and information about the subjects' main occupation. The four cognitive tests have been grouped into one latent factor...
July 27, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978357/association-between-baseline-psychological-attributes-and-mental-health-outcomes-after-soldiers-returned-from-deployment
#11
Yu-Chu Shen, Jeremy Arkes, Paul B Lester
BACKGROUND: Psychological health is vital for effective employees, especially in stressful occupations like military and public safety sectors. Yet, until recently little empirical work has made the link between requisite psychological resources and important mental health outcomes across time in those sectors. In this study we explore the association between 14 baseline psychological health attributes (such as adaptability, coping ability, optimism) and mental health outcomes following exposure to combat deployment...
October 5, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977664/trajectories-of-perceived-workplace-age-discrimination-and-long-term-associations-with-mental-self-rated-and-occupational-health
#12
Lisa A Marchiondo, Ernest Gonzales, Larry J Williams
Objective: This study addresses older employees' trajectories of perceived workplace age discrimination, and the long-term associations among perceived age discrimination and older workers' mental and self-rated health, job satisfaction, and likelihood of working past retirement age. We evaluate the strength and vulnerability integration (SAVI) model. Method: Three waves of data from employed participants were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study (N = 3,957)...
July 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974827/identification-of-causes-of-the-occupational-stress-for-health-providers-at-different-levels-of-health-care
#13
Natasa Trifunovic, Zaim Jatic, Alma Dzubur Kulenovic
OBJECTIVES: To identify and compare the stressors in the work environment experienced by employees in primary health care and secondary health care, amongphysiciansand nurses. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The survey was conducted to identify types of stressors by assessing health care workers employed in the primary and secondary health care services of the Public Institution, the Health Centre of the Sarajevo Canton, using a questionnaire about stress in the workplace...
June 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959220/stress-related-mental-health-symptoms-in-coast-guard-incidence-vulnerability-and-neurocognitive-performance
#14
Richard J Servatius, Justin D Handy, Michael J Doria, Catherine E Myers, Christine E Marx, Robert Lipsky, Nora Ko, Pelin Avcu, W Geoffrey Wright, Jack W Tsao
U.S. Coast Guard (CG) personnel face occupational stressors (e.g., search and rescue) which compound daily life stressors encountered by civilians. However, the degree CG personnel express stress-related mental health symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) is understudied as a military branch, and little is known concerning the interplay of vulnerabilities and neurocognitive outcomes in CG personnel. The current study addressed this knowledge gap, recruiting 241 active duty CG personnel (22% female) to assess mental health, personality, and neurocognitive function...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956893/yoga-versus-non-standard-care-for-schizophrenia
#15
REVIEW
Julie Broderick, Niall Crumlish, Alice Waugh, Davy Vancampfort
BACKGROUND: Yoga is an ancient spiritual practice that originated in India and is currently accepted in the Western world as a form of relaxation and exercise. It has been of interest for people with schizophrenia as an alternative or adjunctive treatment. OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the effects of yoga versus non-standard care for people with schizophrenia. SEARCH METHODS: The Information Specialist of the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group searched their specialised Trials Register (latest 30 March 2017), which is based on regular searches of MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, BIOSIS, AMED, PsycINFO, and registries of clinical trials...
September 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947449/the-long-term-24-month-effect-on-health-and-well-being-of-the-lifestyle-matters-community-based-intervention-in-people-aged-65-years-and-over-a-qualitative-study
#16
Robin Chatters, Jennifer Roberts, Gail Mountain, Sarah Cook, Gill Windle, Claire Craig, Kirsty Sprange
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term effect on health and well-being of the Lifestyle Matters programme. DESIGN: Qualitative study of a subset of intervention arm participants who participated in the Lifestyle Matters randomised controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: The intervention took place at community venues within two sites in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: A purposeful sample of 13 participants aged between 66 and 88 years from the intervention arm of the RCT were interviewed at 24 months post randomisation...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898963/job-demands-resources-and-mental-health-in-uk-prison-officers
#18
G Kinman, A J Clements, J Hart
Background: Research findings indicate that working as a prison officer can be highly stressful, but the aspects of work that predict their mental health status are largely unknown. Aims: To examine, using elements of the demands-resources model, the extent to which work pressure and several potential resources (i.e. control, support from managers and co-workers, role clarity, effective working relationships and positive change management) predict mental health in a sample of UK prison officers...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895619/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-professional-rugby-an-international-observational-descriptive-study
#19
Vincent Gouttebarge, Phil Hopley, Gino Kerkhoffs, Evert Verhagen, Wayne Viljoen, Paul Wylleman, Mike I Lambert
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders among professional rugby players across countries. A cross-sectional analysis of the baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study was conducted. Nine national players' associations and three rugby unions distributed questionnaires based on validated scales for assessing symptoms of common mental disorders. Among the whole study sample (N=990; overall response rate of 28%), prevalence (4-week) of symptoms of common mental disorders ranged from 15% for adverse alcohol use to 30% for anxiety/depression...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893255/oncologist-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-investigating-time-pressure-at-work-as-a-predictor-and-the-mediating-role-of-work-family-conflict
#20
Sibyl Kleiner, Jean E Wallace
BACKGROUND: Oncologists are at high risk of poor mental health. Prior research has focused on burnout, and has identified heavy workload as a key predictor. Compassion fatigue among physicians has generally received less attention, although medical specialties such as oncology may be especially at risk of compassion fatigue. We contribute to research by identifying predictors of both burnout and compassion fatigue among oncologists. In doing so, we distinguish between quantitative workload (e...
September 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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