Read by QxMD icon Read

Mental health occupational assessment

Pratima Murthy
While guidelines for psychosocial interventions in addictive disorders in India were earlier rooted in clinical experience and global empirical evidence, recently there have been efforts to develop guidelines for intervention based on the local needs assessments of specific populations and more appreciably, a testing of the effectiveness of the interventions. This supplement on psychosocial interventions for addictive disorders covers some of the important aspects of psychosocial interventions in five sections...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Kazuhiro Nogawa, Noriko Kojimahara
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review to determine whether work accommodation at the time of return-to-work (RTW) following a period of sick leave would improve work-related outcomes. Using a Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach, we developed recommendations applicable to the field of occupational health in Japan. METHOD: We approached our review question for "Evidence-based Return-to-work Guidance in Occupational Health 2017 (RTW 2017)" using a PICO framework (P: workers on sick leave; I: work accommodation; C: usual care; O: improvement of work-related outcomes, such as shortened sick leave period or lower rate of sick leave recurrence)...
March 12, 2018: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Sarah Gabriella Hernandez, Jennifer Felner, Jessica Schwiesow, Anna Mayer, Kevin Rak, Noel Chávez, Yvette Castañeda, Joan Kennelly
In predominately immigrant neighborhoods, the nuances of immigrant life in the ethnic enclave have important, yet underappreciated impact on community health. The complexities of immigrant experiences are essential to unpacking and addressing the impact of acculturative processes on observed racial, ethnic, and class-based health disparities in the United States. These insights because they are largely unexplored are best captured qualitatively through academic-community research partnership. We established the participatory mixed method Little Village participatory community health assessment (CHA) to explore community health in an ethnic enclave...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Genny M Maupin, Anthony P Tvaryanas, Edward D White, Heather J Mahaney
Background: Recent military conflicts in Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom), Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom), and elsewhere have been associated with psychological impacts among military personnel. However, relatively little is known about the relationship between those conflicts and psychological health of military health care professionals. Previous work has shown certain demographic factors associated with diagnosed mental health conditions after deployment. However, unique exposures in the deployed environment may be present that are also associated...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Kryspin Mitura, Sławomir Kozieł, Klaudiusz Komor
More than half of physicians in Poland are over 50 years old. This raises concerns about the risk of lack of continuity of health care services due to the generational gap, particularly marked among interventional specialties. The physical and mental burden of general surgery affects those doctors in particular. The aim of the study is to assess whether the type of the profession pursued influences the average lifetime of a physician in Poland and the impact of the surgeon's occupation on life expectancy compared to the rest of the population according to gender...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Pankaj C Patel, Srikant Devaraj, Michael J Hicks, Emily J Wornell
RATIONALE: Previous studies have observed a positive association between automation risk and employment loss. Based on the job insecurity-health risk hypothesis, greater exposure to automation risk could also be negatively associated with health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this paper is to investigate the county-level association between prevalence of workers in jobs exposed to automation risk and general, physical, and mental health outcomes. METHODS: As a preliminary assessment of the job insecurity-health risk hypothesis (automation risk → job insecurity → poorer health), a structural equation model was used based on individual-level data in the two cross-sectional waves (2012 and 2014) of General Social Survey (GSS)...
February 24, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Najla Mechergui, Nesrine Chaouech, Hanéne Ben Said, Mejda Bani, Radhia Boujday, Nizar Ladhari
INTRODUCTION: The evaluation of fitness for work can be conducted upon the employer's request even during the employee's sickness absence. AIM: Determine the contribution of conducting medical examinations to assess the working ability of Charles Nicolle hospital's workers who are on sick leave. METHODS: A descriptive and retrospective study included all the medical records, completed over a two-year period (2013-2014), of Charles Nicolle hospital's personnel who were on sick leave and who consulted the service of occupational medicine and professional pathology to undergo a fitness for work evaluation requested by the employer...
May 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Anne Lovise Nordstoga, Paul Jarle Mork, Marius Steiro Fimland
Background: Various occupational inpatient rehabilitation programs are established in Norway. This study aimed to assess change in cardiorespiratory fitness, pain, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in persons on long-term sick leave due to musculoskeletal-, mental or unspecific disorders after participation in multicomponent inpatient occupational rehabilitation. Methods: Twenty-five women and five men (mean age 45.2 years, SD 6.7, range 30-57) volunteered to participate in the study...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Alyssa Cp Sawyer, Sarah E Johnson, Harriet Hiscock, David Lawrence
OBJECTIVE: To identify the percentage of 4-17 year olds with mental disorders in Australia who attended health professionals for single or repeat visits to get help for emotional and behavioural problems during a 12-month period. To identify factors associated with single and repeat visits, and the average length of time between visits. To compare the number of parent-reported visits with visits recorded in the Medicare Benefits Schedule. METHOD: The study used data from the national survey of the mental health and wellbeing of 4-17 year olds conducted in 2013-2014 ( n = 6310)...
March 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Marie-Claude Letellier, Caroline S Duchaine, Karine Aubé, Denis Talbot, Marie-Michèle Mantha-Bélisle, Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, France St-Hilaire, Caroline Biron, Michel Vézina, Chantal Brisson
Adverse psychosocial work factors are recognized as a significant source of psychological distress, resulting in a considerable socioeconomic burden. The impact of occupational health standards that aim to reduce these adverse work factors, such as the Quebec Healthy Enterprise Standard (QHES), is of great interest for public health. The aim of this study was to evaluate, for the first time, the effect of QHES interventions targeting adverse psychosocial work factors on the prevalence of these factors and of psychological distress among ten Quebec organizations...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yu Yu, Mandeep Manku, Catherine L Backman
BACKGROUND: There is an assumption that occupational balance is integrally related to health and well-being. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate test-retest reliability of the English-translated Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ), its relationship to measures of health (Short Form Health Survey-36 Version 2.0 [SF-36v2]) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale-10; PSS-10), and demographic differences in OBQ scores in Canadian adults. METHOD: Test-retest reliability (2 weeks) was assessed using intraclass correlation (ICC) coefficients...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Sonia Elsayed, Hussein Tumah
AIMS: Psychiatric nurses experience a wide range of stressful events, evolving from the care of violent, aggressive patients, recurrent relapse, and poor prognosis of mental disorders. The aim of the study was to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and levels of depression among psychiatric nurses. METHODS: A descriptive correlation design was conducted on psychiatric nurses working in mental health settings Port-Said, Egypt. Data were collected from 70 nurses at a mental health hospital...
February 25, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
M Strassnig, R Kotov, L Fochtmann, M Kalin, E J Bromet, P D Harvey
BACKGROUND: Since the Iowa 500 study, residential and occupational status have been frequently used as indicators of everyday achievements in research on schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The relationships of residential and occupational status with impairment in multiple domains including physical health indicators across these two diagnoses, however, have rarely been studied. We examined these relationships at the 20-year follow-up assessment of a first-admission sample. METHODS: We included 146 participants with schizophrenia and 87 with bipolar disorder with psychosis who participated in the 20-year follow-up of the Suffolk County Mental Health Project...
February 19, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Jaana I Halonen, Svetlana Solovieva, Lauri J Virta, Mikko Laaksonen, Kari-Pekka Martimo, Ismo Hiljanen, Tea Lallukka, Ilona Autti-Rämö, Eira Viikari-Juntura
AIMS: Return to work (RTW) after prolonged sickness absence benefits both the individual and society. However, the effectiveness of legislation aiming to improve RTW remains uncertain. We examined whether sustained RTW and work participation were different before and after a legislative change enacted in 2012 (i.e. an intervention) that obligated employers to give notice of prolonged sickness absence to occupational health services. METHODS: Two random samples (2010 and 2013) of the Finnish working aged population (70%, ~2...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
A van Schaaijk, K Nieuwenhuijsen, M H W Frings-Dresen, J K Sluiter
Background: Work ability (WA) and work functioning (WF) instruments can be useful in occupational health practice. The reproducibility of both instruments is important to their relevance for daily practice. Clinimetrics concerns the methodological and statistical quality of instruments and their performance in practice. Aims: To assess the reproducibility of WA and WF instruments. Methods: Dutch workers completed a questionnaire containing WA questions and the WF questionnaire twice with a 7-day interval between...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Jingfeng Yuan, Wen Yi, Mengyi Miao, Lei Zhang
The construction industry has been recognized, for many years, as among those having a high likelihood of accidents, injuries and occupational illnesses. Such risks of construction workers can lead to low productivity and social problems. As a result, construction workers' well-being should be highly addressed to improve construction workers' efficiency and productivity. Meanwhile, the social support from a social network and capital (SNC) of construction workers has been considered as an effective approach to promote construction workers' physical and mental health (P&M health), as well as their work efficiency and productivity...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff, Grace Nielsen, Eva Ladekjær Larsen
The aim of this systematic review is to summarise quantitative studies in occupational settings observing the association between Information communication technology (ICT) and stress, and burnout, considering age as an effect modifier. A systematic review using PRISMA guidelines was conducted through the following bibliographic databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Psycinfo, and the Cochrane Library. Inclusion criteria were occupational settings and content relevant to our research question. Risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Anna Wiedemann, Adrian D Wood, Robert N Luben, Daniel Vogel, Gareth T Jones, Kay-Tee Khaw, Phyo K Myint
Both cognitive and behavioural factors are linked to the experience of pain as well as its interference with quality of life. Psychological distress has been shown to be associated to several emotional and social impairments. Although, the association between pain and mental health has been widely discussed, the understanding of life interference and outcome is not fully understood. This study examined the association of pain dimension and mental health domain in 16,051 participants of the EPIC-Norfolk cohort (mean age = 58...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
Jacob L Kaiser, Anthony P Tvaryanas, Genny M Maupin
Background: This study examined associations between incident post-deployment mental health (PDMH) conditions and health- and performance-related outcomes in the population of Air Force Medical Service personnel on active duty between 2003 and 2013 who had at least one deployment. Methods: Using a posttest-only with nonequivalent groups design, the study cohort was divided into two groups based on the occurrence of an incident PDMH condition, and the groups were then compared in terms of the following health- and performance-related outcomes: health care and pharmaceutical utilization, duty and mobility restrictions, and physical fitness assessment exemptions and composite fitness score...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Montserrat García Gómez
BACKGROUND: Musicians suffer from a wide range of health problems related to their profession. The aim of this paper was to assess whether work-related musician diseases are included into the Official Spanish List of Occupational Diseases and, if so, to describe and quantify those recognized in recent years. METHODS: The Official Spanish List of Occupational Diseases was searched to identify occupational diseases affecting musicians. We then conducted an incidence study of those occupational diseases recognized under code 29...
January 2018: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"