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Mental health occupational assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#1
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746705/risk-of-suicide-attempt-among-soldiers-in-army-units-with-a-history-of-suicide-attempts
#2
Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, James A Naifeh, Holly Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, Paul D Bliese, Alan M Zaslavsky, Tsz Hin Hinz Ng, Pablo A Aliaga, Gary H Wynn, Hieu M Dinh, James E McCarroll, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Michael Schoenbaum, Steven G Heeringa, Murray B Stein
Importance: Mental health of soldiers is adversely affected by the death and injury of other unit members, but whether risk of suicide attempt is influenced by previous suicide attempts in a soldier's unit is unknown. Objective: To examine whether a soldier's risk of suicide attempt is influenced by previous suicide attempts in that soldier's unit. Design, Setting, and Participants: Using administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (STARRS), this study identified person-month records for all active-duty, regular US Army, enlisted soldiers who attempted suicide from January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2009 (n = 9650), and an equal-probability sample of control person-months (n = 153 528)...
July 26, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744989/impact-of-rurality-and-substance-use-on-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#3
Helen J Stain, Sean A Halpin, Amanda L Baker, Mike Startup, Vaughan J Carr, Ulrich Schall, Kylie Crittenden, Vanessa Clark, Terry J Lewin, Sandra Bucci
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal research into early intervention for youth at ultra high risk (UHR) for psychosis demonstrates beneficial outcomes including increased treatment compliance and greater participation in education and the workforce. Despite known barriers for rural youth accessing mental health services, research comparing urban and rural UHR youth is lacking. The study included an examination of the impact of substance use on functioning of UHR youth. METHODS: Youth aged 12 to 25 years were recruited from the urban area of Newcastle or the rural area of Orange, New South Wales, Australia, and identified as UHR by the Comprehensive Assessment of At Risk Mental States...
July 26, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736451/assessing-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-municipal-waste-loaders-of-mumbai-india
#4
Pradeep Salve, Praveen Chokhandre, Dhananjay Bansod
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess the impact of municipal waste loading occupation upon developing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and thereby disabilities among waste loaders. Additionally, the study has identified the potential risk factors raising MSDs and disabilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control design survey was conducted in 6 out of 24 municipal wards of Mumbai during March-September 2015. The study population consisted of municipal waste loaders (N = 180) and a control group (N = 180)...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734714/arthroscopic-treatment-of-posterior-shoulder-instability-in-patients-with-and-without-glenoid-dysplasia-a-comparative-outcomes-analysis
#5
Joseph W Galvin, Douglas R Morte, Jason A Grassbaugh, Stephen A Parada, Samuel H Burns, Josef K Eichinger
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of glenoid dysplasia on outcomes after isolated arthroscopic posterior labral repair in a young military population. METHODS: Thirty-seven male patients who underwent arthroscopic posterior labral repair for symptomatic posterior shoulder instability were evaluated at a mean duration of 3.1 years. A comparative analysis was performed for those with glenoid dysplasia and without dysplasia. Additional factors analyzed included military occupational specialty (MOS), preoperative mental health clinical encounters and mental health medication use, and radiographic characteristics (version, posterior humeral head subluxation, and posterior capsular area) on a preoperative standard shoulder magnetic resonance arthrogram...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728063/factors-associated-with-non-return-to-work-in-the-severely-injured-victims-3-years-after-a-road-accident-a-prospective-study
#6
C Pélissier, E Fort, L Fontana, B Charbotel, M Hours
Road accidents may impact victims' physical and/or mental health and socio-occupational life, particularly the capacity to return to work. The purpose of our study is to assess modifiable medical and socio-occupational factors of non-return to work in the severely injured 3 years after a road accident. Among1,168 road accidents casualties in the Rhône administrative Département of France followed for five years, 141 of the 222 severely injured (Maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥ 3) aged more than 16 years who were in work at the time of the accident, reported whether they had returned to work in the 3 years following the accident...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719922/-stigmatization-in-employed-patients-with-breast-intestinal-prostate-and-lung-cancer
#7
Jochen Ernst, Anja Mehnert, Sabine Taubenheim, Anke Rentsch, Beate Hornemann, Peter Esser
Background The stigma of cancer patients can lead to far-reaching consequences, both for the individual and for the society. Quantitative studies on the stigmatization of cancer patients are scarce. The present study assessed the stigma of cancer patients in relation to their status of employment, and analyzes sociodemographic, disease and occupational predictors. Methods In a bicentric study, 858 patients with breast, bowel, lung or prostate cancer were included. Of these, n=305 were employed and entered into the analyses (age average 55 years, 43% female, 47% breast cancer)...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713077/-burnout-syndrome-among-physiotherapists
#8
Krzysztof Owczarek, Stanisław Wojtowicz, Witold Pawłowski, Dariusz Białoszewski
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. Symptoms of burnout include mental and physical exhaustion, accompanied by psychosomatic disorders and emotional problems. Burnout occurs most often in people employed in occupations requiring working with people (human services) as a result of coping with stress and experience numerous failures at work. The aim of the research is the analysis of burnout among physiotherapists and demographic factors and conditions that may contribute to the burnout...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713032/psychosocial-rehabilitation-after-war-trauma-with-adaptive-disclosure-design-and-rationale-of-a-comparative-efficacy-trial
#9
Julie D Yeterian, Danielle S Berke, Brett T Litz
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from warzone exposure is associated with chronic and disabling social and occupational problems. However, functional impairment is rarely assessed or targeted directly in PTSD treatments, which instead focus on symptom reduction. Trauma-related contributors to diminished functioning, including guilt, shame, and anger resulting from morally compromising or loss-based war experiences, are also underemphasized. The goal of this clinical trial is to fill a substantial gap in the treatment of military-related PTSD by testing a modified Adaptive Disclosure (AD) therapy for war-related PTSD stemming from moral injury and traumatic loss focused on improving psychosocial functioning AD...
July 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709060/the-association-between-suicidal-ideation-and-sleep-quality-in-elderly-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shandong-china
#10
Yangyang Qian, Long Sun, Chengchao Zhou, Dandan Ge, Li Zhang
Previous studies have identified global associations between sleep quality and suicidal ideation. However, little is known regarding the relationship between sleep quality and suicidal ideation among Chinese older adults. We examined the relationship between sleep quality and suicidal ideation in older adults in China. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 3313 seniors in Shandong, China. Suicidal ideation was assessed using the interviewees' answers to the question "Have you ever seriously considered wanting to die?"...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688269/nature-based-solution-for-improving-mental-health-and-well-being-in-urban-areas
#11
Maja Vujcic, Jelena Tomicevic-Dubljevic, Mihailo Grbic, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Olivera Vukovic, Oliver Toskovic
The general disproportion of urban development and the socio-economical crisis in Serbia, followed by a number of acute and chronic stressors, as well as years of accumulated trauma, prevented the parallel physical, mental and social adaptation of society as a whole. These trends certainly affected the quality of mental health and well-being, particularly on the vulnerable urban population, increasing the absolute number of people with depression, stress and psychosomatic disorders. This study was pioneering in Serbia and was conducted in collaboration with the Faculty of Forestry, the Institute of Mental Health and the Botanical Garden in Belgrade, in order to understand how spending time and performing horticulture therapy in specially designed urban green environments can improve mental health...
July 4, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683580/use-of-a-mental-health-guideline-by-occupational-physicians-and-associations-with-return-to-work-in-workers-sick-listed-due-to-common-mental-disorders-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Karlijn M van Beurden, Margot C W Joosen, Berend Terluin, Jaap van Weeghel, Jac J L van der Klink, Evelien P M Brouwers
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate (1) whether adherence to the Dutch occupational mental health guideline by occupational physicians was associated with time to return to work in workers sick-listed due to common mental disorders; and (2) whether adherence to specific guideline items was associated with time to return to work. METHODS: Twelve performance indicators were developed to assess occupational physicians' guideline adherence. Medical records of 114 sick-listed workers were audited...
July 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660711/mental-health-education-in-occupational-therapy-professional-preparation-programs-alignment-between-clinician-priorities-and-coverage-in-university-curricula
#13
Justin Newton Scanlan, Pamela J Meredith, Kirsti Haracz, Priscilla Ennals, Geneviève Pépin, Jayne S Webster, Karen Arblaster, Shelley Wright
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapy programs must prepare graduates for work in mental health. However, this area of practice is complex and rapidly changing. This study explored the alignment between educational priorities identified by occupational therapists practising in mental health and level of coverage of these topics in occupational therapy programs in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to heads of all occupational therapy programs across Australia and New Zealand...
June 29, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649884/the-long-term-occupational-fitness-of-uk-military-personnel-following-community-mental-health-care
#14
Norman Jones, Nicola T Fear, Simon Wessely, Gursimran Thandi, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Fitness to undertake operational deployment is a key requirement of military service. AIM: To assess individual deployment fitness at a single point from one month to eight years following discharge from mental healthcare. METHOD: Survival analyses assessed levels of deployability; the predictive effects of key covariates upon time to being classified as non-deployable were examined using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression procedures...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#15
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628498/earlier-physical-therapy-input-is-associated-with-a-reduced-length-of-hospital-stay-and-reduced-care-needs-on-discharge-in-frail-older-inpatients-an-observational-study
#16
Peter J Hartley, Victoria L Keevil, Ledia Alushi, Rebecca L Charles, Eimear B Conroy, Patricia M Costello, Becki Dixon, Aida M Dolinska-Grzybek, Diana Vajda, Roman Romero-Ortuno
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pressures on hospital bed occupancy in the English National Health Service have focused attention on enhanced service delivery models and methods by which physical therapists might contribute to effective cost savings, while retaining a patient-centered approach. Earlier access to physical therapy may lead to better outcomes in frail older inpatients, but this has not been well studied in acute National Health Service hospitals. Our aim was to retrospectively study the associations between early physical therapy input and length of hospital stay (LOS), functional outcomes, and care needs on discharge...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603133/impact-of-terrorism-on-the-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-among-the-residents-of-khyber-bazaar-and-its-immediate-surrounding-areas-in-peshawar-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#17
Syed Asad Abbas, Asad Hassan, Shahid Ali
This study evaluated the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the severity of PTSD symptoms in survivors, rescuers and witnesses of terrorist attacks on Khyber bazaar, Qissa Khawani bazaar, and All Saints Church in Peshawar city area. Cross-sectional survey is carried out on a sample of one hundred survivors, rescuers and witness of terrorist attacks using structured interviews to assess the severity of posttraumatic stress, five months after the attacks. The study period extended from January 24, 2014 to March 24, 2014 which constitutes a total of period of 8 weeks...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601504/-changes-in-behaviors-and-indicators-of-mental-health-between-2006%C3%A2-and-2010%C3%A2-in-the-french-working-population
#18
L Malard, J-F Chastang, I Niedhammer
BACKGROUND: The 2008 economic crisis may have had an impact on mental health but the studies on this topic are sparse, in particular among the working population. However, mental health at work is a crucial issue involving substantial costs and consequences. The aim of the study was to assess changes in behaviors and indicators of mental health in the French working population between 2006 and 2010, and to explore the differential changes according to age, origin, occupation, activity sector, public/private sector, self-employed/employee status and work contract...
June 7, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584320/workplace-bullying-and-mental-health-among-teachers-in-relation-to-psychosocial-job-characteristics-and-burnout
#19
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study has been to assess the associations between psychological distress and exposure to workplace bullying, taking into account possible influence of adverse psychosocial job characteristics and occupational burnout in a sample of Kaunas (Lithuania) teachers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study sample included 517 teachers from 13 secondary schools and was conducted in 2014. The participants filled in the anonymous questionnaire (response rate 71...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582987/a-review-of-patients-presenting-to-accident-and-emergency-department-with-deliberate-self-harm-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#20
Josephat O Ani, Andrew J Ross, Laura M Campbell
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has described deliberate self-harm (DSH) as a major global health challenge. Little is known about the profile of patients admitted following DSH at district and regional combo hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the profiles of patients and reasons for admission following DSH. SETTING: The study was conducted on data from a busy Accident and Emergency (A&E) department in a combination district and regional hospital situated in Empangeni in northern KwaZulu-Natal...
May 29, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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