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Mental health occupational assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905904/evaluating-the-implementation-process-of-a-participatory-organizational-level-occupational-health-intervention-in-schools
#1
Roosmarijn M C Schelvis, Noortje M Wiezer, Birgitte M Blatter, Joost A G M van Genabeek, Karen M Oude Hengel, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: The importance of process evaluations in examining how and why interventions are (un) successful is increasingly recognized. Process evaluations mainly studied the implementation process and the quality of the implementation (fidelity). However, in adopting this approach for participatory organizational level occupational health interventions, important aspects such as context and participants perceptions are missing. Our objective was to systematically describe the implementation process of a participatory organizational level occupational health intervention aimed at reducing work stress and increasing vitality in two schools by applying a framework that covers aspects of the intervention and its implementation as well as the context and participants perceptions...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894466/relationships-between-adult-emotional-states-and-indicators-of-health-care-utilization-findings-from-the-national-health-interview-survey-2006-2014
#2
Judith D Weissman, David Russell, Jeannette Beasley, Melanie Jay, Dolores Malaspina
OBJECTIVE: Adults with serious psychological distress have a high likelihood of mental health problems severe enough to cause serious impairment in social and occupational functioning requiring treatment. These adults visit doctors frequently yet have poor health compared to adults without serious psychological distress. This study examined associations between emotional states of serious psychological distress in relationship to healthcare utilization indicators. A guiding hypothesis was that somatization underlying emotional states contributes to excessive healthcare seeking among adults with serious psychological distress...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881965/fundamental-role-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-677-c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-t-genotype-and-flavin-compounds-in-biochemical-phenotypes-for-schizophrenia-and-schizoaffective-psychosis
#3
Stephanie Fryar-Williams
The Mental Health Biomarker Project (2010-2016) explored variables for psychosis in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Blood samples from 67, highly characterized symptomatic cases and 67 gender and age matched control participants were analyzed for methyl tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C → T gene variants and for vitamin B6, B12 and D, folate, unbound copper, zinc cofactors for enzymes in the methylation cycle, and related catecholamine pathways. Urine samples were analyzed for indole-catecholamines, their metabolites, and oxidative-stress marker, hydroxylpyrolline-2-one (HPL)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852879/examining-the-sources-of-occupational-stress-in-an-emergency-department
#4
S Basu, C Yap, S Mason
BACKGROUND: Previous work has established that health care staff, in particular emergency department (ED) personnel, experience significant occupational stress but the underlying stressors have not been well quantified. Such data inform interventions that can reduce cases of occupational mental illness, burnout, staff turnover and early retirement associated with cumulative stress. AIMS: To develop, implement and evaluate a questionnaire examining the origins of occupational stress in the ED...
November 16, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846822/quality-of-life-of-caregivers-of-patients-diagnosed-with-severe-mental-illness-at-the-national-referral-hospitals-in-uganda
#5
Cynthia Ndikuno, Mariam Namutebi, Job Kuteesa, David Mukunya, Connie Olwit
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, 450 million people suffer from mental and behavioral disorders. In Uganda, it is estimated that 35% of the population that is 9,574,915 people suffer from some form of mental illness. Caregivers are increasingly bearing the responsibility of taking care of these patients, which can influence their QoL due to the social and economic costs they incur. The aim of the study was to assess the QoL of caregivers for patients diagnosed with severe mental illness attending the National Referral Hospitals in Uganda...
November 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815771/effects-of-inpatient-multicomponent-occupational-rehabilitation-versus-less-comprehensive-outpatient-rehabilitation-on-somatic-and-mental-health-secondary-outcomes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Ottar Vasseljen, Roar Johnsen, Sigmund Gismervik, Chris Jensen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To evaluate effects on somatic and mental health of a multicomponent inpatient occupational rehabilitation program compared to a less comprehensive outpatient program in individuals on sick leave for musculoskeletal complaints or mental health disorders. Methods A randomized clinical trial with parallel groups. Participants were individuals on sick-leave for 2-12 months with a sick-leave diagnosis within the musculoskeletal, psychological or general and unspecified chapters of ICPC-2. Potential participants were identified in the Social Security System Registry...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809588/the-conduct-and-process-of-mental-capacity-assessments-in-home-health-care-settings
#7
Charlotte Cliff, Caroline McGraw
The assessment of capacity to consent to treatment is key to shared practitioner-patient decision-making. It is the responsibility of the person closest to the decision being made to carry out the assessment. The aim was to examine the factors that influence mental capacity assessments in home health care settings and identify the facilitators and inhibitors to the conduct and process of assessments as perceived and experienced by non-medical health practitioners providing generalist community services. Semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of community nurses, community physiotherapists and community occupational therapists in one NHS Trust in London...
November 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796103/a-comparison-of-two-assessments-of-levels-of-functioning-in-clients-with-intellectual-disability-between-occupational-therapists-and-nursing-staff-within-a-long-term-mental-healthcare-facility-in-south-africa
#8
Janine Van der Linde, Daleen Casteleijn
BACKGROUND: The implementation of the South African Mental Health Care Act, which regulates care for clients with intellectual disabilities, impacted on the healthcare services provided to this population. Changes in the Act necessitated planning of new care packages, which resulted in the investigation of the current hospital client profile, as well as assessment data on patient abilities according to the occupational therapist and nursing staff as primary caregivers. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive correlation study design was used as information was analysed from an existing database...
September 27, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795918/the-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-depression-in-policing-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sri-lanka
#9
Nuwan D Wickramasinghe, Pushpa R Wijesinghe, Samath D Dharmaratne, Suneth B Agampodi
BACKGROUND: Policing is regarded as a high-risk profession for the development of mental health disturbances owing to various critical incidents and potential traumatic events they encounter. Exploration of mental health problems in policing in Sri Lanka, which recently concluded a civil war expanded over three decades, is a timely, yet, a neglected issue. Hence, the present study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence and associated factors of depression among police officers in the Kandy police division, Sri Lanka...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770242/the-relation-between-catastrophizing-and-occupational-disability-in-individuals-with-major-depression-concurrent-and-prospective-associations
#10
Heather Adams, Pascal Thibault, Tamra Ellis, Emily Moore, Michael Sullivan
Background Catastrophic thinking has been associated with occupational disability in individuals with debilitating pain conditions. The relation between catastrophic thinking and occupational disability has not been previously examined in individuals with debilitating mental health conditions. The present study examined the relation between catastrophic thinking and occupational disability in individuals with major depression. Methods The study sample consisted of 80 work-disabled individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) who were referred to an occupational rehabilitation service...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766761/outpatient-psychodynamic-group-psychotherapy-outcomes-related-to-personality-disorder-severity-age-and-gender
#11
Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein, Ola Nordviste, Lone Dragland, Theresa Wilberg
OBJECTIVES: Outpatient group psychotherapy is frequent within specialist services, recruits a mixed population, but effects are poorly documented. This study investigates long-term outcomes for patients with personality disorder (PD) treated in outpatient, psychodynamic groups within secondary mental health service. METHODS: A naturalistic study (N = 103) with repeated assessments of process and clinical outcomes. Longitudinal statistics are linear mixed models...
October 21, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756438/does-health-related-quality-of-life-among-adults-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-improve-across-the-treatment-period-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study-in-mbale-region-eastern-uganda
#12
Stevens M B Kisaka, Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Simon Kasasa, Francis Ocen, Joan Nankya-Mutyoba
BACKGROUND: Most tuberculosis (TB) case management guidelines emphasize microbiological cure as treatment goal without highlighting quality of life outcomes. This study assessed health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and related factors in the pre-treatment, intensive and continuation phases of anti-TB therapy among sputum smear positive pulmonary TB patients in Mbale region, Eastern Uganda. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, questionnaires and 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey Version 2...
October 18, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755324/prognostic-factors-for-return-to-work-following-surgery-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#13
Susan Peters, Venerina Johnston, Sonia Hines, Mark Ross, Michel Coppieters
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common problem, that can be effectively managed by surgery. Screening for prognostic factors is important to identify workers who are at a greater risk of a poor work outcome in order to implement tailored interventions to facilitate their return-to-work. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the best available evidence on the association of preoperative prognostic factors with work-related outcomes in people who have undergone carpal tunnel surgery...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755063/the-built-environment-and-birth-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#14
Alexandra L Nowak, Carmen Giurgescu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to report findings of published studies of the relationships between poor-quality built environments and negative birth outcomes. METHOD: Quantitative studies measuring various aspects of the built environment including property damage, housing damage, physical disorder, physical incivilities, nuisance, vacancy, tenure, occupancy, and structural deterioration and their effects on birth outcomes such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age were identified using Scopus, PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases...
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749469/protective-determinants-of-sickness-absence-among-employees-with-multisite-pain-a-7-year-follow-up
#15
Eija Haukka, Anneli Ojajärvi, Leena Kaila-Kangas, Päivi Leino-Arjas
We identified factors protective of all-cause sickness absence (SA) among subjects with multisite musculoskeletal pain (MSP). The nationally representative source sample comprised 3420 actively working Finns aged 30-55 in year 2000 and alive at follow-up. Pain in 18 body locations was combined into four sites (neck, low back, upper limbs, lower limbs). The baseline prevalence of MSP (pain in ≥ 2 sites) was 32 %. Baseline data on sociodemographic factors, work ability, work, health, and lifestyle were gathered by questionnaire, interview and clinical examination and linked with national registers on all-cause SA (periods lasting ≥10 workdays) for 2002-2008...
October 3, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749187/long-term-course-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-prospective-10-year-follow-up-study
#16
Irene Alvarez-Tomás, Joaquim Soler, Arturo Bados, Ana Martín-Blanco, Matilde Elices, Cristina Carmona, Joana Bauzà, Juan Carlos Pascual
The aim of this prospective study was to expand previously reported evidence on the 10-year clinical and functional course of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a Spanish sample. Participants diagnosed with BPD were assessed at baseline and at 10-year follow-up to evaluate BPD symptomatology and other relevant clinical measures, suicidal behavior, dimensional personality traits, Axis I and II comorbidity, use of mental health resources, and psychosocial functioning. At the 10-year follow up, significant improvements were observed on BPD domains, suicidal behavior, and other clinical measures...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737560/life-under-occupation-citizenship-and-other-factors-influencing-the-well-being-of-university-students-living-in-the-west-bank
#17
Yara M Asi, Lynn Unruh, Xinliang Liu
There is substantial evidence that individuals affected by conflict suffer poor physical and mental outcomes, particularly in indicators of well-being. This study assesses the health-related quality of life (HRQoL), perceived stress and insecurity of Palestinian young adults in the West Bank. We surveyed 398 university students from Nablus (mean age = 20.1) using the SF-36 to measure HRQoL, the PSS-4 to assess stress and a context-specific insecurity instrument. A third of participants reported Israeli citizenship, and the results indicated better outcomes in these individuals in several outcomes, with the noteworthy exception of insecurity...
October 13, 2016: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725348/investigation-of-the-working-behavior-of-part-time-occupational-physicians-using-practical-recording-sheets
#18
Kazunori Ikegami, Hiroki Nozawa, Satoshi Michii, Ryosuke Sugano, Hajime Ando, Masayuki Hasegawa, Hiroko Kitamura, Akira Ogami
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the working behavior of part-time occupational physicians using practical recording sheets to clarify issues of occupational physicians' activities according to industrial groups or size of business. METHODS: We collected 561 recording sheets in 96 industries from 11 part-time occupational physicians as collaborators, who volunteered to be a part of this research. We collected a variety of information from the practical recording sheets, including the industry in which each occupational physician was employed, the annual number of times of work attendance, occupational physician-conducted workplace patrol, and employee health management...
September 30, 2016: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689593/uprising-an-examination-of-sit-stand-workstations-mental-health-and-work-ability%C3%A2-in-sedentary-office-workers-in%C3%A2-western-australia
#19
Rochelle Tobin, Justine Leavy, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: Office-based staff spend around three quarters of their work day sitting. People who sit for long periods while at work are at greater risk of adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The pilot study aimed to determine the effect of sit-stand workstations on office-based staff sedentary and physical activity behaviors, work ability and self-reported physical and mental health outcomes. METHODS: A two-group pre-post study design assessed changes in sedentary and physical activity behaviors (time spent sitting, standing and stepping and sit-stand transitions and number of steps taken) work ability and physical and mental health...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681571/from-the-addiction-rehabilitation-program-to-the-return-to-work-results-of-an-employment-and-social-intervention-among-young-adults-with-substance-dependence
#20
Elena Fiabane, Eleonora Ferraris, Paola Ranalletti, Debora Conti, Ines Giorgi, Marcella Ottonello, Piergiorgio Argentero
INTRODUCTION: Substance dependence problems are considered to be a relevant issue for a large proportion of the working population and represent a huge health and occupational cost. However, few studies have examined the return to work after addiction problems. AIMS: This exploratory follow-up study aims to evaluate the return to work, in terms of employment outcomes, perceived work environment and physical and mental health of patients who have completed an addiction rehabilitation program and an employment and social intervention...
2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
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