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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427855/outcome-of-medical-management-of-intraabdominal-abscesses-in-children-with-crohn-s-disease
#1
Razan H Alkhouri, Gracielle Bahia, Ashley C Smith, Richard Thomas, Christine Finck, Wael Sayej
INTRODUCTION: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract that is complicated by fistulas, strictures, and intraabdominal abscesses (IAA) in 10%-30% of patients. To avoid surgical resection of the bowel, medical therapy with antibiotics (Ab) with or without percutaneous drainage (PD) is first undertaken. Our objectives are to examine the outcome of IAA in CD patients treated with antibiotics alone vs antibiotics and PD, and to identify risk factors for medical therapy failure...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427741/management-of-biliary-anastomotic-strictures-after-liver-transplantation
#2
REVIEW
Aydin Seref Koksal, Ahmet Tarik Eminler, Erkan Parlak, Ahmet Gurakar
Biliary strictures constitute 40% to 60% of the biliary complications after liver transplantation. They are more common after living donor related liver transplantation (LDLT) than orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Balloon dilation followed by multiple plastic stent insertion leads to a mean resolution rate of 84% in the treatment of ASs after OLT. Endoscopic treatment of ASs after LDLT is more difficult because of the small size of the ASs, their multiple number and peripheral location. Balloon dilation followed by multiple plastic stent insertion had a mean resolution rate of 53%...
March 30, 2017: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427730/subvesical-duct-injury-resolved-by-percutaneous-drainage
#3
Cristina Pineño-Flores, Juan José Segura-Sampedro, José María García-Pérez, Carla Soldevila-García, Elías Palma-Zamora, Francesc Xavier González-Argenté
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425666/endoscopic-management-of-acute-cholangitis-according-to-the-tg13
#4
Takayoshi Tsuchiya, Atsushi Sofuni, Shujiro Tsuji, Shuntaro Mukai, Yukitoshi Matsunami, Yuichi Nagakawa, Takao Itoi
The Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13) recommend that endoscopic drainage should be the first-choice treatment for biliary decompression in patients with acute cholangitis. Timing of biliary drainage for acute cholangitis should be based on the severity of the disease. For patients with severe acute cholangitis, appropriate organ support and urgent biliary drainage are needed. For patients with moderate acute cholangitis, early biliary drainage is needed. For patients with mild acute cholangitis, biliary drainage is needed when initial treatment such as antimicrobial therapy is ineffective...
April 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425658/endoscopic-management-of-acute-cholangitis-as-a-result-of-common-bile-duct-stones
#5
Mohan Ramchandani, Partha Pal, D Nageshwar Reddy
Acute cholangitis is infectious disease of the biliary system and potentially can cause significant morbidity and mortality. With advances in intensive care, antibiotic therapy advances and endoscopic and other modalities of biliary drainage, mortality rates have significantly come down of late. Although most cases respond to antibiotics alone, definitive therapy is required later in most of the patients. Increased biliary pressure leads to biliovenous reflux of bacteria and purulent bile into the circulation leading to systemic inflammation and sepsis with subsequent organ dysfunction...
April 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424822/rapid-non-contrast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-post-appendectomy-intra-abdominal-abscess-in-children
#6
Megan H Lee, Eric P Eutsler, Elizabeth F Sheybani, Geetika Khanna
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis, especially if perforated at presentation, is often complicated by postoperative abscess formation. The detection of a postoperative abscess relies primarily on imaging. This has traditionally been done with contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Non-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to accurately detect intra-abdominal abscesses, especially with the use of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our single-center experience with a rapid non-contrast MRI protocol evaluating post-appendectomy abscesses in children with persistent postsurgical symptoms...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420643/isolated-implant-metastasis-in-chest-wall-due-to-seeding-of-transpleurally-placed-ptbd-catheter-tract-in-a-case-of-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#7
Shibojit Talukder, Arunanshu Behera, Cherring Tandup, Suvradeep Mitra
Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) catheter site metastasis in cases of cholangiocarcinoma is reported sporadically. But it is unusual to see left-sided tumour metastasising to the right PTBD catheter site. Metastasis, in general, has a poor prognosis, but recurrence along the catheter tract in the absence of other systemic diseases can be a different scenario altogether. To date, there is no consensus on the management of this form of metastasis. But carefully selected patients can benefit from aggressive surgical resection...
April 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411344/the-effect-of-a-novel-minimally-invasive-strategy-for-infected-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#8
Zhihui Tong, Xiao Shen, Lu Ke, Gang Li, Jing Zhou, Yiyuan Pan, Baiqiang Li, Dongliang Yang, Weiqin Li, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: Step-up approach consisting of multiple minimally invasive techniques has gradually become the mainstream for managing infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN). In the present study, we aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of a novel four-step approach and the conventional approach in managing IPN. METHODS: According to the treatment strategy, consecutive patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were put into two time intervals to conduct a before-and-after comparison: the conventional group (2010-2011) and the novel four-step group (2012-2013)...
April 14, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408850/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-drainage-versus-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-after-failed-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-meta-analysis
#9
Ramkaji Baniya, Sunil Upadhaya, Seetharamprasad Madala, Subash Chandra Subedi, Tabrez Shaik Mohammed, Ghassan Bachuwa
The failure rate of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for biliary cannulation is approximately 6%-7% in cases of obstructive jaundice. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) is the procedure of choice in such cases. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EGBD) is a novel technique that allows biliary drainage by echoendoscopy and fluoroscopy using a stent from the biliary tree to the gastrointestinal tract. Information in PubMed, Scopus, clinicaltrials.gov and Cochrane review were analyzed to obtain studies comparing EGBD and PTBD...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405071/systemic-infection-and-splenic-abscess
#10
Aaron R Belknap, Joseph Guileyardo
Splenic abscess is a rare complication of systemic infection, sometimes associated with infective endocarditis. Due to its rarity and nonspecific symptoms, diagnosis is difficult. Antibiotic therapy alone is usually unsuccessful, and definitive treatment requires splenectomy, although percutaneous ultrasound-guided drainage has been successful in some patients. Abdominal computed tomography scans and ultrasound evaluation are usually diagnostic. We present two patients with treatment-resistant sepsis who were found at autopsy to have splenic abscess...
April 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396817/delayed-infection-of-a-lymphocele-following-rarp-in-a-patient-with-nonspecific-symptoms
#11
Tomoki Taniguchi, Yoshito Takahashi, Mitsuhiro Taniguchi, Toru Yamada, Kenichiro Ishida
Pelvic lymphoceles are an infrequent complication after pelvic surgery and develop shortly after the surgery in most cases. We experienced a case of delayed infection of a lymphocele 6 months after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and pelvic lymphadenectomy. In this case, antimicrobial chemotherapy and percutaneous drainage were effective, and there was no recurrence of the disease. Most urologists do not recognize that infected lymphoceles can develop a long time after surgery; thus, infected lymphoceles should be kept in mind in patients with nonspecific infectious symptoms, regardless of the length of time after surgery...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391672/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-pancreatic-duct-intervention
#12
REVIEW
Yuto Shimamura, Jeffrey Mosko, Christopher Teshima, Gary R May
Endoscopic ultrasound-guided pancreatic duct intervention (EUS-PDI) is an emerging endoscopic approach allowing access and intervention to the pancreatic duct (PD) for patients with failed endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) or patients with surgically altered anatomy. As opposed to biliary drainage for which percutaneous drainage is an alternative following failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), the treatment options after failed ERP are very limited. Therefore, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided access to the PD and options for subsequent drainage may play an important role as an alternative to surgical intervention...
March 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391670/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-access-with-focus-on-technique-and-practical-tips
#13
REVIEW
Woo Hyun Paik, Do Hyun Park
In 1980, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) was introduced as a diagnostic tool for evaluation of the pancreas. Since the introduction of curvilinear-array echoendoscopy, EUS has been used for a variety of gastrointestinal interventions, including fine needle aspiration, tumor ablation, and pancreatobiliary access. One of the main therapeutic roles of EUS is biliary drainage as an alternative to endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD) or percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). This article summarizes three different methods of EUS-guided biliary access, with focus on technique and practical tips...
March 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381781/a-case-report-of-duodenal-obstruction-due-to-retroperitoneal-bleeding-after-the-rupture-of-a-lower-pancreaticoduodenal-artery-aneurysm
#14
Nobuhiro Takeuchi, Kazumasa Emori, Yusuke Nomura
We report a case of a patient with duodenal obstruction due to retroperitoneal bleeding after the rupture of a lower pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm. An 80-year-old female was admitted to our hospital because of nausea and vomiting. During hospitalization, she developed hemorrhagic shock. Enhanced computed tomography revealed retroperitoneal bleeding. Abdominal angiography revealed an 8-mm aneurysm of the lower pancreaticoduodenal artery, stenosis at the trunk of the celiac artery, and increased blood flow through the pancreaticoduodenal arcades from the superior mesenteric artery...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376628/the-use-of-the-modified-neff-classification-in-the-management-of-acute-diverticulitis
#15
Laura Mora López, Roser Flores Clotet, Xavier Serra Aracil, Noemí Montes Ortega, Salvador Navarro Soto
INTRODUCTION: Acute diverticulitis (AD) is increasingly seen in Emergency services. The application of a reliable classification is vital for its safe and effective management. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the combined use of the modified Neff radiological classification (mNeff) and clinical criteria (systemic inflammatory response syndrome [SIRS] and comorbidity) can ensure safe management of AD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective descriptive study in a population of patients diagnosed with AD by computerized tomography (CT)...
April 5, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371480/percutaneous-and-endoscopic-gallbladder-drainage-for-the-acute-cholecystitis-international-multicenter-comparative-study-by-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#16
Takao Itoi, Tadahiro Takada, Tsann-Long Hwang, Itaru Endo, Kohei Akazawa, Fumihiko Miura, Miin-Fu Chen, Yi-Yin Jan, Chen-Guo Ker, Hsiu-Po Wang, Harumi Gomi, Masamichi Yokoe, Seiki Kiriyama, Hiroki Yamaue, Masaru Miyazaki, Masakazu Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Tokyo Guideline 2013 (TG13) proposed three drainage technique for the treatment of acute cholecystitis. We evaluated the clinical efficacy and adverse events between percutaneous transhepatic intervention (PTGBI) including percutaneous transhepatic drainage (PTGBD) and percutaneous transhepatic aspiration (PTGBA) and endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder drainage (EGBD). METHODS: A cohort study was performed using propensity score matching to reduce treatment selection bias...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361226/bending-percutaneous-drainage-catheters-to-facilitate-ct-guided-insertion-using-curved-trocar-technique
#17
Adam S Young, Paul B Shyn, Oren W Johnson, Nisha I Sainani, Richard D Nawfel, Stuart G Silverman
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of placing thoraco-abdominal drainage catheters under CT-guidance using a curved trocar technique. METHODS: A retrospective study of 182 CT/CT-fluoroscopy-guided thoraco-abdominal catheter drainages was conducted; half were performed by residents or fellows under the supervision of one radiologist (Group 1) and the other half under the supervision of 10 other radiologists (Group 2). Group 1 procedures employed a curved catheter assembly placed using trocar technique (n = 44) or straight catheters placed with Seldinger technique (n = 47)...
March 30, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353081/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-melioidosis-a-single-center-experience
#18
Nitin Jagtap, Harshal Shah, Anuradha Kancharla, Manu Tandan, Partha Pal, Sundeep Lakhtakia, Mohan Ramchandani, D N Reddy
Melioidosis, being increasing, is reported from India. Gastrointestinal manifestations are typically reported as unusual cause of liver and/or splenic abscess. We aimed to describe various gastrointestinal manifestation of melioidosis in the present study. We retrospectively collected data of culture positive melioidosis cases from hospital database during August 2014-October 2016 at Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad. A total of nine culture positive cases (8 male) of melioidosis with median age of 40 years (range 23-66) were analyzed...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349752/endoscopic-cystic-duct-stent-as-primary-treatment-for-intrahepatic-gallbladder-perforation-with-abscess-formation
#19
P Williams, A Dosani, R Morgan-Jones
Intrahepatic gallbladder perforation with abscess formation is an uncommon presentation of biliary disease. There is no consensus on how to treat this condition, with strategies varying from percutaneous drainage to open cholecystectomy and washout. We present a case of a novel, minimally invasive treatment, using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography to place a transcystic drain as a bridge to laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
April 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349295/endoscopic-drainage-of-intra-abdominal-collection-after-bariatric-surgery
#20
Gianfranco Donatelli, Renaud Chiche, Fabrizio Cereatti, Guillaume Pourcher, David Fuks, Bertrand Vergeau, Jean-Loup Dumont, Bruno Meduri
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic intra-abdominal collection after bariatric surgery occurs in up to 5% of cases. Surgical, percutaneous, or endoscopic drainage are the feasible approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this video, we show the case report of a 50-year-old woman who underwent to gastric omega bypass on a previous sleeve gastrectomy. After 3 weeks, she presented a well-organized liquid collection just behind the longitudinal staple line of the gastric pouch...
March 27, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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