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rupture perineum

Emmanuel Onyebuchi Ugwu, Eric Sunday Iferikigwe, Samuel Nnamdi Obi, George Uchenna Eleje, Benjamin Chukwuma Ozumba
AIM: The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of antenatal perineal massage (APM) in reducing perineal trauma and post-partum morbidities. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial of 108 primigravidae at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria, was conducted from January 2013 to May 2014. The intervention group received APM, while the control group did not receive APM. RESULTS: Women who received APM were significantly more likely to have an intact perineum after childbirth [27/53 (50...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Young Jin Park
As the use of compressed air in industrial work has increased, so has the risk of associated pneumatic injury from its improper use. However, damage of large intestine caused by compressed air is uncommon. Herein a case of pneumatic rupture of the rectum is described. The patient was admitted to the Emergency Room complaining of abdominal pain and distension. His colleague triggered a compressed air nozzle over his buttock. On arrival, vital signs were stable but physical examination revealed peritoneal irritation and marked distension of the abdomen...
July 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Niels V Johnsen, Rachel Sosland, Melissa R Kaufman, Oscar D Guillamondegui, Roger R Dmochowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our experience with urinary-cutaneous fistulae (UCFs) in patients following conservative management of extraperitoneal bladder ruptures (EBRs) caused by blunt trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with blunt-trauma related EBR who underwent primary management with urethral catheter drainage alone from 2000 to 2015 were identified in our institutional trauma registry. The demographics, the hospital courses, and the outcomes of patients who developed UCF were analyzed...
November 2017: Urology
Sahbi Naouar, Nidhal Ati, Salem Braiek, Rafik El Kamel
INTRODUCTION: Prostatic abscess is a rare but relatively serious infectious disease; its association with spontaneous rupture is extremely unusual. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of peritonitis secondary to a rupture of prostatic abscess in a 87-year-old man. The diagnosis was made on computed tomography. Emergency laparotomy, transrectal ultrasonography guided aspiration of the residual abscess and antibiotics permitted a full recovery. DISCUSSION: Delay in diagnosis of prostatic abscess can have grave sequelae, including spontaneous rupture into the urethra, perineum, bladder or rectum and the development of septic shock...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Philip R Cohen
BACKGROUND:  Bullous impetigo results from Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) release of exfoliative toxins type A and type B thatresults in flaccid, easily ruptured, bullae in the upper layers of the epidermis.  Physiologic, gestation-associated, and incidental skin changes can occur in pregnancy.  Blisters in pregnant women can occur secondary to either common skin disorders orspecific dermatoses of pregnancy. PURPOSE:  To describe a pregnant woman with bullous impetigo and review bullous conditions in pregnant women...
April 18, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Faride Vaziri, Mahnaz Farahmand, Zahra Masoudi, Sedigheh Amooee, Najaf Zare
BACKGROUND: Genital trauma during vaginal delivery may result from episiotomy, spontaneous perineal tears (perineum, vagina), or both. In 2012, this study aimed to investigate the effect of warm compress bistage intervention on the rate of episiotomy, perineal trauma, and postpartum pain intensity in the primiparous woman with delayed Valsalva maneuver. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, which was performed in hospitals in Shiraz, Iran, in 2012-2013, 150 women were randomly divided into 2 groups: 1 intervention and 1 control...
February 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Rakhshanda Aslam, Shazia Amir Khan, Zain ul Amir, Fouzia Amir
BACKGROUND: Performing an episiotomy is generally reserved for complicated childbirths, in cases of foetal distress, or when tearing of tissues with serious consequences are foreseen. In addition to the extent of the trauma, the surgical skill, repair after childbirth can have an important effect on the magnitude and degree of morbidity experienced by women after repair. The best technique for this repair would be that which produces less pain in the short and long term. The study was done with an objective to compare the frequency and severity of pain (slight/severe) by using interrupted and continuous methods for repair of episiotomy or second degree perineal tears...
July 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Rufus Wale Ojewola, Kehinde Habeeb Tijani, Olakunle Olaleke Badmus, Abisola Ekundayo Oliyide, Chukwudi Emmanuel Osegbe
Traumatic rupture of the bladder with eversion and protrusion via the perineum is a rare complication of pelvic injury. We present a 36-year-old lady who sustained severe pelvic injury with a bleeding right-sided deep perineal laceration. She had closed reduction of pelvic fracture with pelvic banding and primary closure of perineal laceration at a private hospital. She subsequently had dehiscence of repaired perineal laceration with protrusion of fleshy mass from vulva and leakage of urine per perineum five weeks later...
2015: Case Reports in Urology
Bigna S Buddeberg, Wynne Aveling
Puerperal sepsis is one of the five leading causes of maternal mortality worldwide, and accounts for 15% of all maternal deaths. The WHO defined puerperal sepsis in 1992 as an infection of the genital tract occurring at any time between the rupture of membranes or labour and the 42nd day post partum; in which, two or more of the following are present: pelvic pain, fever, abnormal vaginal discharge and delay in the reduction of the size of the uterus. At the same time, the WHO introduced the term puerperal infections, which also include non-genital infections in the obstetric population...
October 2015: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Stine Leenskjold, Lars Høj, Jouko Pirhonen
INTRODUCTION: During vaginal delivery, the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) is well-known. Despite sufficient repair, 30-50% of women will experience anal incontinence. Recent studies from Norway have shown a reduction in the incidence of OASIS when the perineum is supported manually. In Denmark, the frequency of OASIS is the highest in Scandinavia and it is increasing. The aim of this study was to reduce the incidence of OASIS through an interventional programme. METHODS: We conducted a study inspired by the Norwegian intervention...
May 2015: Danish Medical Journal
H A Hussein, M Loose, A Wehrend
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of puerperal diseases in breeding mares in the first 10 days after birth by analysing patient data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a university clinic patient data of 308 breeding mares with puerperal disorders which presented within the first 10 days postpartum were evaluated over a period of 10 years. A distinction was made between diseases which were able to be diagnosed at the first examination and diseases which developed during the patient's stay in the clinic...
2015: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
Piyush B Sarmah, Mashuk Khan, Miguel Zilvetti
Fournier's gangrene (FG) requires prompt recognition and management. We report the case of a 68-year-old man who presented with extensive pain and purple discolouration from the right iliac fossa to perineum. Computed tomography demonstrated gas within the right hemiscrotum extending into the inguinal canal and right buttock, with a right pelvic fluid and air collection. At debridement necrotic fluid was arising from the superficial inguinal ring so laparotomy was performed, revealing a grossly inflamed appendix herniating into the inguinal canal; a right hemicolectomy was performed...
2015: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Robert J Hartman
A healthy 42-year-old man presented to the emergency department after the acute onset of penile pain during sexual intercourse. The erect penis had inadvertently collided with his partner's perineum. He heard a snap, noticed a rush of blood from the meatus, had immediate detumescence, and had..
March 12, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Pranom Buppasiri, Pisake Lumbiganon, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Bandit Thinkhamrop
BACKGROUND: One to eight per cent of women suffer third-degree perineal tear (anal sphincter injury) and fourth-degree perineal tear (rectal mucosa injury) during vaginal birth, and these tears are more common after forceps delivery (28%) and midline episiotomies. Third- and fourth-degree tears can become contaminated with bacteria from the rectum and this significantly increases in the chance of perineal wound infection. Prophylactic antibiotics might have a role in preventing this infection...
October 7, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Tomasz Kościński
Damage to the perineum, vulva, anal sphincters, rectal wall and the fascial structures of the pelvic floor may be caused by obstetric trauma. Emergency surgical treatment aims at control of the bleeding, anatomical reconstruction of the disrupted tissues and minimization of the risk of infection. Suturing of the rectal wall and mucosa of the anal canal is followed by reconstruction of the perineal body internal and external anal sphincters, vulva and the perineum. Delayed surgery is undertaken after the complete healing of the obstetric tear...
August 2014: Ginekologia Polska
Robert G Micheletti
The diagnosis of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is based on a characteristic history and physical exam. The anatomic sites of involvement include the axillae (most common), groin, and buttocks, and the perianal, perineal, and mammary regions. Initially, HS manifests with open comedones (usually with two or more "heads") and tender subcutaneous acneiform papules. Without intervention, the natural history of HS is chronic and progressive. More painful subcutaneous nodules form, which rupture and drain a thick, mucopurulent, foul-smelling fluid...
June 2014: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Tony Lavesson, Inger D Griph, Anna Skärvad, Ann-Sofi Karlsson, Helen B Nilsson, Margareta Steinvall, Knut Haadem
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of a new device for reducing perineal tears during vaginal childbirth. STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter open randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed in Helsingborg, Lund and Malmö, Sweden consisting of 1148 women. Women anticipating a vaginal delivery were either randomized to the intervention group (n=574 in which the perineal protection device was used, or a control group (n=574), in which the perineal protection device was not used...
October 2014: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Hye Ri Hong, Kyu Ri Hwang, Sung Ae Kim, Jeong Eun Kwon, Hye Won Jeon, Ji Eun Choi, Young Ho So
Vulvar hematomas are uncommon outside of the obstetric population and may be the result of trauma to the perineum. Vulvar hematomas most often present with low abdominal pain and urologic and neurologic symptoms. The vulva has rich vascularization that is supplied by the pudendal artery, a branch of the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. We describe a rare case of a 15-cm-sized vulvar hematoma with the suggested rupture of a pseudoaneurysm of the left pudendal artery without trauma injury. A 14-year-old girl presented with sudden pain and swelling in her left labium and was successfully treated with selective arterial embolization and surgical evacuation...
March 2014: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Chao Zhang, Qiang Liu, Bo-Jun Li, Gang Bi, Ping Yi, Ke Li, Yong Zhang, Ke-Qin Zhang, Yan-Feng Li
Intra-peritoneal bladder and visceral injuries from impalement of the perineum in women are exceedingly rare. This kind of injury has not been previously reported in a pregnant woman. The evaluation and surgical management of a pregnant woman is a challenging surgical problem. Preoperative evaluation of the uterus and fetus is balanced with minimal use of radiographic studies. Multiple organs can be damaged with this type of injury, necessitating careful evaluation and operative planning. We report a rare case of transvaginal impalement injury with through-and-through bladder rupture and intra-peritoneal injury in a 5 months pregnant woman...
June 2014: International Urology and Nephrology
Alaina M Taylor, Justin S Gundara, Michael Wines, Stephen Ruff, Jaswinder S Samra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2013: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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