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Multiple Scelerosis

Andrea Rivera, Ilaria Vanzulli, Arthur M Butt
The purine ATP has a prominent regulatory role in CNS function and pathology due to its actions on glial cells - microglia, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. ATP serves as an apparently ubiquitous 'gliotransmitter' that is released by astrocytes and other cells to activate purine receptors on neighbouring cells. In pathology, the release of ATP mediates both tissue damage and repair by its direct effects on glial cell integrity and survival. The actions of ATP on glia are mediated via a wide range of receptors, broadly divided into ionotropic P2X and metabotropic (G-protein coupled receptors (GPCR)) P2Y receptors, of which there are multiple subtypes (P2X1-P2X7 and P2Y1-P2Y14)...
2016: Current Drug Targets
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