keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Posterior spinal fusion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148933/surgical-strategies-for-the-treatment-of-os-odontoideum-with-atlantoaxial-dislocation
#1
Xinghuo Wu, Kirkham B Wood, Yong Gao, Shuai Li, Jing Wang, Ting Ge, Boming Zhao, Zengwu Shao, Shuhua Yang, Cao Yang
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to compare the clinical results of using posterior fixation and fusion with or without anterior decompression to treat os odontoideum with atlantoaxial dislocation. METHODS Twenty-five consecutive patients with os odontoideum were included in this study. Sixteen patients with reducible atlantoaxial dislocation were treated by single-level posterior fusion and stabilization; the other 9 were treated with posterior fusion and stabilization combined with transoral decompression. Pre- and postoperative CT scans and MR images were obtained...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148922/feasibility-and-safety-of-using-thoracic-and-lumbar-cortical-bone-trajectory-pedicle-screws-in-spinal-constructs-in-children-technical-note
#2
Jonathan N Sellin, Jeffrey S Raskin, Kristen A Staggers, Alison Brayton, Valentina Briceño, Amee J Moreno, Andrew Jea
Thoracic and lumbar cortical bone trajectory pedicle screws have been described in adult spine surgery. They have likewise been described in pediatric CT-based morphometric studies; however, clinical experience in the pediatric age group is limited. The authors here describe the use of cortical bone trajectory pedicle screws in posterior instrumented spinal fusions from the upper thoracic to the lumbar spine in 12 children. This dedicated study represents the initial use of cortical screws in pediatric spine surgery...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147795/preoperative-pregabalin-has-no-effect-on-intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring-in-adolescents-undergoing-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-spinal-deformities-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Linda Helenius, Antti Puhakka, Tuula Manner, Olli Pajulo, Ilkka Helenius
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of preoperative pregabalin on intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring in adolescents undergoing surgery for spinal deformities. METHODS: Thirty-one adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion were randomized to receive preoperatively either pregabalin 2 mg/kg twice daily or placebo. The ability to make reliable intraoperative neurophysiological measurements, transcranial motor (MEPs) and sensory evoked potentials (SSEP) was evaluated...
November 17, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145437/assessment-of-the-suitability-of-biodegradable-rods-for-use-in-posterior-lumbar-fusion-an-in-vitro-biomechanical-evaluation-and-finite-element-analysis
#4
Fon-Yih Tsuang, Yueh-Ying Hsieh, Yi-Jie Kuo, Chia-Hsien Chen, Feng-Huei Lin, Chen-Sheng Chen, Chang-Jung Chiang
Interbody fusion with posterior instrumentation is a common method for treating lumbar degenerative disc diseases. However, the high rigidity of the fusion construct may produce abnormal stresses at the adjacent segment and lead to adjacent segment degeneration (ASD). As such, biodegradable implants are becoming more popular for use in orthopaedic surgery. These implants offer sufficient stability for fusion but at a reduced stiffness. Tailored to degrade over a specific timeframe, biodegradable implants could potentially mitigate the drawbacks of conventional stiff constructs and reduce the loading on adjacent segments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142628/perioperative-results-and-complications-after-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-spinal-stenosis-in-geriatric-patients-over-than-70-years-old
#5
Jong Min Choi, Man Kyu Choi, Sung Bum Kim
Objective: As increasing the size of the geriatric population, the number of elderly patients, who need the surgery for painful degenerative spinal stenosis has been increasing. The geriatric population may be relatively high complications, because of age and age-associated medical conditions. However, there is a lack of studies addressing the perioperative complications and outcomes in elderly patients with posterior lumbar inter body fusion with screw augmentation (PLIF). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and radiographic studies of geriatric patients who had spine surgery of PLIF due to spinal stenosis for 11 years...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138070/posterior-cervical-laminectomy-results-in-better-radiographic-decompression-of-spinal-cord-compared-to-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#6
Matthew Piazza, Brendan John McShane, Ashwin G Ramayya, Patricia Zadnik Sullivan, Zarina S Ali, Paul J Marcotte, William C Welch, Ali K Ozturk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137080/a-medium-term-follow-up-of-adult-lumbar-tuberculosis-treating-with-3-surgical-approaches
#7
Qi Hong Zhang, Qiang Guo, Chaofeng Guo, Jianhuang Wu, Jinyang Liu, Qile Gao, Yuxiang Wang
Surgical intervention is an important option for treating lumbar tuberculosis. Previous studies have reported different surgical intervention procedures. To our knowledge, few studies have compared the clinical results of mid-term follow-up of 3 different surgeries in surgical treatment of spinal tuberculosis. This study's purpose is to evaluate the effectiveness of 3 different surgeries for the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis in adult and analyze the mid-term influence of the surgery on quality of life.Between June 2004 and January 2010, a total of 137 adult patients (54 women and 83 men) with lumbar tuberculosis were recruited for this study...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129272/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-infection-in-spine-surgery-a-prospective-multicenter-study-of-1764-instrumented-spinal-procedures
#8
Wenfei Gu, Laiyong Tu, Zhiquan Liang, Zhenbin Wang, Kahaer Aikenmu, Ge Chu, Enfeng Zhang, Jiang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication in spinal surgery, imposing a high burden on patients and society. However, information about its characteristics and related risk factors is limited. We designed this prospective, multicenter study to address this issue. METHODS: From January 2015 through February 2016, a total of 1764 patients who had spinal trauma or degenerative spinal diseases were treated with instrumented surgeries and followed up for 1 year with complete data...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127771/comparison-of-the-anteroposterior-and-posterior-approaches-for-percutaneous-catheter-drainage-of-tuberculous-psoas-abscess
#9
Fei Ye, Qingzhong Zhou, Daxiong Feng
BACKGROUND Tuberculous infection of the lumbar spine may be associated with psoas abscess. The aim of this clinical study was to compare the outcome of posterior lumbar debridement and spinal fusion, combined with either a one-stage anteroposterior (AP) or posterior (P) approach to percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) for the treatment of lumbar tuberculosis with psoas abscess. MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 2008 to June 2012, 74 patients were diagnosed at our hospital with lumbar tuberculosis with unilateral or bilateral psoas abscess...
November 11, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114274/outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-compared-to-open-posterior-lumbar-instrumentation-and-fusion
#10
Low Yong Lee, Zamzuri Idris, Tan Boon Beng, Teo Yian Young, Wong Chung Chek, Jafri Malin Abdullah, Wong Sii Hieng
Introduction: Degenerative spine disease is increasingly common. There are many spinal fusion techniques used to treat degenerative spine disease. This study aims to compare the functional outcome of open versus minimally invasive surgery (MIS) technique in posterior lumbar instrumentation and fusion in degenerative spine disease and to evaluate the perioperative outcome and complications between MIS and open surgery. Materials and Methods: This is an observational cross-sectional study conducted on all degenerative spine disease patients who underwent both methods of posterior lumbar instrumentation and fusion from 2010 to 2014 by the Orthopedic and Neurosurgery Department, Sarawak General Hospital...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110696/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effects-of-collagen-sponge-and-topical-tranexamic-acid-in-posterior-spinal-fusion-surgeries
#11
Derong Xu, Qianyu Zhuang, Zheng Li, Zhinan Ren, Xin Chen, Shugang Li
BACKGROUND: This is a randomized controlled trial research to assess the hemostatic efficacy of gelatin sponge, collagen sponge, and topical use of tranexamic acid (TXA) on postoperative blood loss in posterior spinal fusion surgeries. METHODS: We recruited patients with spinal degenerative diseases into the study from November 2013 to October 2016. All the participants were assigned to 3 groups using a simple, equal-probability randomization scheme: group A is a control group utilizing gelatin sponge, while groups B and C are experimental groups, applying collagen hemostatic sponge and topical TXA respectively...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101470/pancreatic-fracture-a-rare-complication-following-scoliosis-surgery
#12
Mélodie Juricic, Kalitha Pinnagoda, Walid Lakhal, Jérome Sales De Gauzy, Olivier Abbo
STUDY DESIGN: Grand Round case report. OBJECTIVE: We report a pancreatic fracture associated with Wirsung duct disruption, following a scoliosis surgery in a cerebral palsy adolescent. Spinal fusion surgery is the standard treatment for severe neuromuscular scoliosis. Many complications such as digestive ones account for its complexity. Postoperative acute pancreatitis is well described, although its pathophysiology remains unclear. To our knowledge, pancreatic fracture following scoliosis correction has never been described to date...
November 3, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101074/regression-of-giant-calcified-thoracic-disc-and-spinal-cord-compression-following-thoracic-laminectomy-and-posterior-instrumented-fusion
#13
Fernando Alonso, Manish K Kasliwal
A 55 year old full time employed lady presented with urinary urgency and occasional lower extremity numbness and tingling with motor function preservation. CT and MRI revealed a 20mm x 9mm T10-T11 calcified disc (Figure A, B, C). Anterior and posterior approaches were discussed with the patient along with associated risks such as CSF leak due to possible intradural extension and small but possible risk of new onset motor deficit following disc removal. Considering her almost intact neurological function and to avoid slight albeit realistic morbidity from attempted discectomy regardless of an anterior transthoracic or posterolateral approach, a strategy consisting of a wide long segment T10-T11 laminectomy and T9-T12 posterior instrumented fusion was performed with the assumption that micro motion elimination through a fusion will eliminate dynamic compression from spinal cord draping over the anterior calcified disc fragment...
October 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093786/perioperative-medical-complications-after-posterior-approach-spinal-instrumentation-surgery-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-collapse-a-comparative-study-in-patients-with-primary-osteoporosis-and-those-with-secondary-osteoporosis
#14
Naohisa Miyakoshi, Takashi Kobayashi, Tetsuya Suzuki, Kazuma Kikuchi, Yuji Kasukawa, Yoichi Shimada
Study Design: A retrospective comparative study. Purpose: To compare perioperative medical complications after posterior approach spinal instrumentation surgery for osteoporotic vertebral collapse (OVC) between patients with primary osteoporosis and those with secondary osteoporosis. Overview of Literature: With increased aging of society, the demand for instrumentation surgery for an osteoporotic spine has been increasing. However, no studies have compared the rates or severities of perioperative complications after spinal instrumentation surgery between patients with primary osteoporosis and those with secondary osteoporosis...
October 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090359/oblique-retroperitoneal-approach-for-lumbar-interbody-fusion-from-l1-to-s1-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#15
Ki-Tack Kim, Dae-Jean Jo, Sang-Hyun Lee, Eun-Min Seo
In recent years, with advancements in surgical techniques and instrumentation, the lateral lumbar interbody fusion is being used increasingly as an alternative procedure to anterior approach. In this study, we illustrated a oblique retroperitoneal approach for lumbar interbody fusion with one incision site and tilting of the operation table in adult spinal deformity and evaluate the radiographical findings and clinical outcomes of patients treated using this technique. This study included 32 patients scheduled to undergo anterior and posterior long-level fusions for lumbar degenerative kyphosis or degenerative lumbar scoliosis...
October 31, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079258/safety-and-efficacy-of-single-stage-versus-two-stage-spinal-fusion-via-posterior-instrumentation-and-anterior-thoracoscopy-a-retrospective-matched-pair-cohort-study-with-247-consecutive-patients
#16
Lennart Viezens, Phillip Reer, Andre Strahl, Lukas Weiser, Malte Schroeder, Joerg Beyerlein, Christian Schaefer
PURPOSE: Posterior-anterior spondylodesis is often used to stabilise the spine in various pathologies. The anterior procedure is often conducted via thoracoscopy. It remains unclear whether the anterior procedure should be conducted immediately after posterior instrumentation or only after the patient has convalesced. This retrospective study compared one-stage and two-stage posterior-anterior fusion surgery with a thoracoscopic anterior approach in terms of perioperative safety and morbidity...
October 24, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076762/surgical-site-infection-after-transoral-versus-posterior-approach-for-atlantoaxial-fusion-a-matched-cohort-study
#17
Mohamed Macki, Azam Basheer, Ian Lee, Ryan Kather, Ilan Rubinfeld, Muwaffak M Abdulhak
OBJECTIVE In the past, spine surgeons have avoided the transoral approach to the atlantoaxial segment because of concerns for unacceptable patient morbidity. The objective of this study was to measure 30-day postoperative complications, especially surgical site infection (SSI), after transoral versus posterior approach to atlantoaxial fusion. METHODS The source population was provided by the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database, which was queried for all patients who underwent atlantoaxial fusion for degenerative/spondylotic disease and/or trauma between 2005 and 2014...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076042/interbody-fusion-techniques-in-the-surgical-management-of-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#18
REVIEW
Peter B Derman, Todd J Albert
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The various lumbar interbody fusion (IBF) techniques and the evidence for their use in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS) are described in this review. RECENT FINDINGS: The existing evidence is mixed regarding the indications for and utility of IBF in DLS, but its use in the setting of pre-operative instability is most strongly supported. Anterior (ALIF), lateral (LLIF), posterior (PLIF), transforaminal (TLIF), and axial (AxiaLIF) lumbar IBF approaches have been described...
December 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075539/successful-treatment-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-harboring-a-klebsiella-pneumoniae-carbapenemase-isolated-from-lumbar-wound-infection-and-blood-in-a-patient-with-hardware-retention
#19
Alan Bulbin, Carol Bono, Tena Philp, Noriel Mariano, Carl Urban
Infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, especially carbapenemase producing Klebsiella pneumoniae, represent an urgent threat as outlined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). We present a 66-year-old male with spinal stenosis who underwent elective L2-pelvis posterior spinal fusion at an outside institution and rapidly developed a complicated infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae harboring Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase. This is the first described case of a patient with Klebsiella pneumoniae harboring Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase causing postoperative lumbar wound infection and bacteremia, successfully treated with ceftazidime-avibactam in combination with additional synergistic antibacterials and without hardware removal...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073499/management-of-major-vascular-injury-during-pedicle-screw-instrumentation-of-thoracolumbar-spine
#20
Aleem K Mirza, Mohammed Ali Alvi, Ryan M Naylor, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, William E Krauss, Michelle J Clarke, Daniel L Shepherd, Ahmad Nassr, Randall R DeMartino, Mohamad Bydon
OBJECTIVES: Vascular injury is a rare complication of spinal instrumentation. Presentation can vary from immediate hemorrhage to pseudoaneurysm formation. In the literature, surgical approach to repair has varied based on anatomy, acuity of diagnosis, infection, and available technology. In this manuscript, we aim to describe our institutional experience with vascular injuries in thoraco-lumbar spine surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report our institutional experience of three cases of vascular injury secondary to pedicle screw misplacement and their management, as well as a review of the literature...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
103765
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"