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Perforated ulcer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525931/innovative-delivery-method-using-a-detachable-device-to-deliver-a-large-polyglycolic-acid-sheet-to-a-gastric-ulcer-perforation
#1
Hirohito Mori, Hideki Kobara, Asadur Rahman, Noriko Nishiyama, Akira Nishiyama, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Tsutomu Masaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523070/a-curious-case-of-intestinal-diaphragm-disease-unmasked-by-perforation-of-a-duodenal-ulcer
#2
Mairéad McNally, Ion Cretu
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a common cause of intestinal injury. A variety of NSAID-induced injuries may occur including ulcers, erosions, colitis, strictures, and diaphragm disease. Diaphragm disease refers to the development of multiple thin, concentric, stenosing strictures in the intestine. Strictures occur most often in the midintestine and are thought to be pathognomonic of NSAID damage. They can lead to intermittent or complete bowel obstruction. Diagnosis may be elusive as there is nothing specific about NSAID-induced injury at endoscopy and histology is also nonspecific...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516757/gastric-perforation-caused-by-an-intragastric-balloon-endoscopic-findings
#3
In Kyung Yoo, Hoon Jai Chun, Yoon Tae Jeen
Intragastric balloon (IGB) insertion has been most frequently used in the West as an effective endoscopic treatment for morbid obesity, in practice. Recently, there is a growing number of cases requiring IGB deployment for obesity treatment in Korea. One of the reported complications of IGB use is gastric perforation. A 47-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with mild symptoms, 7 weeks after having an IGB placed. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed and gastric ulcer perforation was observed in the ulcer base, where food particles were impacted...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509817/modified-delphi-process-for-the-development-of-choosing-wisely-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
Geoffrey C Nguyen, Karen Boland, Waqqas Afif, Brian Bressler, Jennifer L Jones, Adam V Weizman, Sharyle Fowler, Smita Halder, Vivian W Huang, Gilaad G Kaplan, Reena Khanna, Sanjay K Murthy, Joannie Ruel, Cynthia H Seow, Laura E Targownik, Tanya Chawla, Luis Guimaraes, Aida Fernandes, Sherif Saleh, Gil Y Melmed
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence and incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in North America is among the highest in the world and imparts substantial direct and indirect medical costs. The Choosing Wisely Campaign was launched in wide variety of medical specialties and disciplines to reduce unnecessary or harmful tests or treatment interventions. METHODS: The Choosing Wisely list for IBD was developed by the Canadian IBD Network for Research and Growth in Quality Improvement (CINERGI) in collaboration with Crohn's and Colitis Canada (CCC) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG)...
June 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509768/modified-delphi-process-for-the-development-of-choosing-wisely-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Geoffrey C Nguyen, Karen Boland, Waqqas Afif, Brian Bressler, Jennifer L Jones, Adam V Weizman, Sharyle Fowler, Smita Halder, Vivian W Huang, Gilaad G Kaplan, Reena Khanna, Sanjay K Murthy, Joannie Ruel, Cynthia H Seow, Laura E Targownik, Tanya Chawla, Luis Guimaraes, Aida Fernandes, Sherif Saleh, Gil Y Melmed
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence and incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in North America is among the highest in the world and imparts substantial direct and indirect medical costs. The Choosing Wisely Campaign was launched in wide variety of medical specialties and disciplines to reduce unnecessary or harmful tests or treatment interventions. METHODS: The Choosing Wisely list for IBD was developed by the Canadian IBD Network for Research and Growth in Quality Improvement (CINERGI) in collaboration with Crohn's and Colitis Canada (CCC) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG)...
May 15, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507842/pyoderma-gangrenosum-after-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-breast-reconstruction-systematic-review-and-case-report
#6
Justin T Zelones, John F Nigriny
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare skin disorder of the neutrophilic dermatoses spectrum that can mimic wound infections in surgical patients. PG after breast surgery has been reported but in limited amounts in autologous breast reconstruction patients. We present the first case of PG after a delayed bilateral deep inferior epigastric perforator flap breast reconstruction in the setting of systemic disease along with a systematic review. METHODS: PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science were systematically searched to obtain cases of PG after autologous breast reconstruction...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503971/mental-vulnerability-helicobacter-pylori-and-incidence-of-hospital-diagnosed-peptic-ulcer-over-28-years-in-a-population-based-cohort
#7
Susan Levenstein, Rikke Kart Jacobsen, Steffen Rosenstock, Torben Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether mental vulnerability, an enduring personality characteristic, predicts incident hospital-diagnosed ulcer over three decades. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study enrolled 3365 subjects with no ulcer history, ages 30-60, in 1982-3. Mental vulnerability, Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies, socioeconomic status, and sleep duration were determined at baseline; non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug use, smoking, leisure time physical activity, and alcohol consumption both at baseline and in 1993-4...
May 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499377/calculating-hospital-length-of-stay-using-the-hospital-episode-statistics-a-comparison-of-methodologies
#8
John Busby, Sarah Purdy, William Hollingworth
BACKGROUND: Accurate calculation of hospital length of stay (LOS) from the English Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) is important for a wide range of audit and research purposes. The two methodologies which are commonly used to achieve this differ in their accuracy and complexity. We compare these methods and make recommendations on when each is most appropriate. METHODS: We calculated LOS using continuous inpatient spells (CIPS), which link care spanning across multiple hospitals, and spells, which do not, for six conditions with short (dyspepsia or other stomach function, ENT infection), medium (dehydration and gastroenteritis, perforated or bleeding ulcer), and long (stroke, fractured proximal femur) average LOS...
May 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495906/emergency-corneal-grafting-in-the-uk-a-6-year-analysis-of-the-uk-transplant-registry
#9
Parwez Hossain, Abdo Karim Tourkmani, Dimitri Kazakos, Mark Jones, David Anderson
BACKGROUND: Corneal graft (CG) surgery is the most common and successful tissue transplant worldwide. A small and important group of patients are operated in emergency situations, typically to save a perforated eye. Our knowledge of the indications and outcomes of emergency corneal graft (eCG) is limited. METHODS: Retrospective, multifactorial analysis of all CGs registered by the UK Transplant Service from April 1999 to March 2005. RESULTS: A total of 12 976 CGs were performed...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482652/posterior-perforated-peptic-ulcer-troublesome-condition-to-diagnose-and-treat
#10
Flore Varcus, Dan Goldis, Cristi Tarta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476904/oesophageal-stent-placement-to-treat-a-massive-iatrogenic-duodenal-defect-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#11
Alissa Greenbaum, Gulshan Parasher, Gerald Demarest, Edward Auyang
Iatrogenic duodenal injury occurring during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is managed surgically, though rarely a large, persistent fistula is refractory to surgical interventions. We present the case of a 40-year-old woman transferred to our centre following elective LC for a reported perforated duodenal ulcer. An uncontained leak was found to originate from a 1.5 cm duodenal defect, with no evidence of ulceration. A duodenostomy tube was placed. One month after abdominal closure, the patient continued to have a persistent, large duodenal fistula...
May 5, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465641/clinical-characteristics-of-peptic-ulcer-perforation-in-korea
#12
Young Joo Yang, Chang Seok Bang, Suk Pyo Shin, Tae Young Park, Ki Tae Suk, Gwang Ho Baik, Dong Joon Kim
AIM: To elucidate the epidemiological characteristics and associated risk factors of perforated peptic ulcer (PPU). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients who were diagnosed with benign PPU from 2010 through 2015 at 6 Hallym university-affiliated hospitals. RESULTS: A total of 396 patients were identified with postoperative complication rate of 9.1% and mortality rate of 0.8%. Among 174 (43.9%) patients who were examined for Helicobacter pylori (H...
April 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450774/combined-effects-of-medicinal-plants-on-induced-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-injury-in-wistar-rats
#13
Frederick Akinbo, Gerald Eze
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicines are now recently used as treatment options. This study was conducted to determine the effect of the combination therapy of medicinal herbs in the treatment of induced gastrointestinal injury among albino wistar rats. METHODS: A total of 60 Albino Wistar rats of both sexes weighing between 130g-150g were used. The control groups which consisted of negative control groups received 1ml of normal saline while the positive control group was given 20mg/kg of indomethacin and sacrificed after 6 hours...
November 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442518/the-relationship-of-mean-platelet-volume-platelet-distribution-width-and-duodenal-ulcer-perforation
#14
Zhe Fan, Chengjun Zhuang
BACKGROUND: Duodenal ulcer perforation (DUP) is a severe acute abdominal disease. Mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) are two platelet parameters, participating in many inflammatory processes. This study aims to investigate the relation of MPV/PDW and DUP. METHODS: A total of 165 patients were studied retrospectively, including 21 females and 144 males. The study included two groups: 87 normal patients (control group) and 78 duodenal ulcer perforation patients (DUP group)...
March 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439426/is-it-possible-to-differentiate-between-pseudopneumoperitoneum-and-similar-pathologies-ultrasonographically
#15
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk
AIM: The goal of the work was comparing gas ultrasound images below the right diaphragm in two groups: in people with intestinal interposition below the diaphragm and ones with pneumoperitoneum and extracting the traits differentiating these two conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospectively, the documentation of 22 patients with intestinal interposition below the diaphragm (group 1) was utilized. Clinical material was used for comparison, previously published, composed of 15 cases of pneumoperitoneum following laparotomy and of 14 cases following that symptom as a result of ulcer perforation - group 2 (in total n = 29)...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437671/a-case-report-on-esophageal-tuberculosis-a-rare-entity
#16
Vatsal Khanna, Abhilash Kumar, Naveen Alexander, Parmasivam Surendran
This is a case report of a rare form of tuberculosis in a patient presenting with dysphagia. Patient was subjected to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, which revealed an ulcerative growth in the distal esophagus. Histopathology revealed esophageal tuberculosis. Patient was managed conservatively with Anti-Tuberculosis Treatment (ATT). Follow up endoscopy after two months revealed resolution of the growth and patient was symptomatically better. In spite of the rare nature of the disease, it can be managed effectively with ATT to avoid complications (fistula, stricture, and esophageal perforation), which might warrant surgery...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435855/first-clinical-experiences-with-a-novel-endoscopic-over-the-scope-clip-system
#17
Marco Dinelli, Barbara Omazzi, Paolo Andreozzi, Nicola Zucchini, Alessandro Redaelli, Gianpiero Manes
We describe our experience with a new over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system (Padlock Clip?) in the treatment of 14 patients. Eight of the 14 patients were treated for closure of gastrointestinal fistulas (n?=?4), iatrogenic gastrointestinal perforations (n?=?2), or hemostasis of post-polypectomy bleeding (n?=?2). The site of clipping was the lower gastrointestinal tract in five patients and the upper gastrointestinal tract in three patients. The clip was successfully delivered in seven out of the eight patients and clinical success was achieved in all patients...
March 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429247/a-review-of-the-novel-application-and-potential-adverse-effects-of-proton-pump-inhibitors
#18
REVIEW
Li-Yuan Yu, Lu-Ning Sun, Xue-Hui Zhang, Yue-Qi Li, Lei Yu, Zi-Qing-Yun Yuan, Ling Meng, Hong-Wen Zhang, Yong-Qing Wang
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are known as a class of pharmaceutical agents that target H(+)/K(+)-ATPase, which is located in gastric parietal cells. PPIs are widely used in the treatment of gastric acid-related diseases including peptic ulcer disease, erosive esophagitis and gastroesophageal reflux disease, and so on. These drugs present an excellent safety profile and have become one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in primary and specialty care. Except for gastric acid-related diseases, PPIs can also be used in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection, viral infections, respiratory system diseases, cancer and so on...
May 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426856/adjunctive-oral-voriconazole-treatment-of-fusarium-keratitis-a-secondary-analysis-from-the-mycotic-ulcer-treatment-trial-ii
#19
N Venkatesh Prajna, Tiruvengada Krishnan, Revathi Rajaraman, Sushila Patel, Ranjeet Shah, Muthiah Srinivasan, Lumbini Devi, Manoranjan Das, Kathryn J Ray, Kieran S O'Brien, Catherine E Oldenburg, Stephen D McLeod, Michael E Zegans, Nisha R Acharya, Thomas M Lietman, Jennifer Rose-Nussbaumer
Importance: Fusarium keratitis is common and often results in poor outcomes. No new treatments since natamycin have become available. Objective: To explore the role of adjuvant oral voriconazole on clinical outcomes in Fusarium keratitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prespecified subgroup analysis of a multicenter, double-masked, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial, 240 patients from the Aravind Eye Care System in India, the Lumbini Eye Hospital and Bharatpur Eye Hospital in Nepal, and the University of California, San Francisco, who had culture-positive fungal ulcer and baseline visual acuity of 20/400 or worse were randomized to receive oral voriconazole vs placebo...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426441/diagnosis-of-corneal-limbal-stem-cell-deficiency
#20
Kyeong Hwan Kim, Shahzad I Mian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A state of limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) can be secondary to a number of etiologies, resulting in either a reduction in the total number of limbal stem cells or an abnormality in stem cell function. Initially, the epithelium becomes irregular and hazy; however, this condition may progress to persistent corneal epithelial defects, stromal scarring, ulceration, and even perforation. Since LSCD secondary to a variety of etiologies may be reversible, and various factors are prognostic of disease progression, timely diagnosis is important...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
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