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Willibald Ruch, Sonja Heintz, Tracey Platt, Lisa Wagner, René T Proyer
The present study introduces eight comic styles (i.e., fun, humor, nonsense, wit, irony, satire, sarcasm, and cynicism) and examines the validity of a set of 48 marker items for their assessment, the Comic Style Markers (CSM). These styles were originally developed to describe literary work and are used here to describe individual differences. Study 1 examines whether the eight styles can be distinguished empirically, in self- and other-reports, and in two languages. In different samples of altogether more than 1500 adult participants, the CSM was developed and evaluated with respect to internal consistency, homogeneity, test-retest reliability, factorial validity, and construct and criterion validity...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jessica Monaghan
Throughout the eighteenth century the issue of authenticity shaped portrayals of fashionable diseases. From the very beginning of the century, writers satirized the behavior of elite invalids who paraded their delicacy as a sign of their status. As disorders such as the spleen came to be regarded as "fashionable," the legitimacy of patients' claims to suffer from distinguished diseases was called further into question, with some observers questioning the validity of the disease categories themselves. During the early and middle decades of the century, criticism was largely confined to periodicals, plays, and poetry, while medical writers wrote in defense of the authenticity of such conditions...
2017: Literature and Medicine
Clark Lawlor
This essay examines the way in which disease was framed and narrated as fashionable in the long eighteenth century, and argues that the intensifying focus on women's fashionable disorders in the period grew in tandem with the rise of an unstable capitalism in its manifold forms. Using the satirical articles written by Henry Southern in the London Magazine-"On Fashions" (August 1825), "On Fashions in Physic" (October 1825), and "On Dilettante Physic" (January 1826)-and the literature that led to them, I analyze the role that women were now taking in the newly capitalized world of the early nineteenth century...
2017: Literature and Medicine
J L Ortiz, P Santos-Sanz, B Sicardy, G Benedetti-Rossi, D Bérard, N Morales, R Duffard, F Braga-Ribas, U Hopp, C Ries, V Nascimbeni, F Marzari, V Granata, A Pál, C Kiss, T Pribulla, R Komžík, K Hornoch, P Pravec, P Bacci, M Maestripieri, L Nerli, L Mazzei, M Bachini, F Martinelli, G Succi, F Ciabattari, H Mikuz, A Carbognani, B Gaehrken, S Mottola, S Hellmich, F L Rommel, E Fernández-Valenzuela, A Campo Bagatin, S Cikota, A Cikota, J Lecacheux, R Vieira-Martins, J I B Camargo, M Assafin, F Colas, R Behrend, J Desmars, E Meza, A Alvarez-Candal, W Beisker, A R Gomes-Junior, B E Morgado, F Roques, F Vachier, J Berthier, T G Mueller, J M Madiedo, O Unsalan, E Sonbas, N Karaman, O Erece, D T Koseoglu, T Ozisik, S Kalkan, Y Guney, M S Niaei, O Satir, C Yesilyaprak, C Puskullu, A Kabas, O Demircan, J Alikakos, V Charmandaris, G Leto, J Ohlert, J M Christille, R Szakáts, A Takácsné Farkas, E Varga-Verebélyi, G Marton, A Marciniak, P Bartczak, T Santana-Ros, M Butkiewicz-Bąk, G Dudziński, V Alí-Lagoa, K Gazeas, L Tzouganatos, N Paschalis, V Tsamis, A Sánchez-Lavega, S Pérez-Hoyos, R Hueso, J C Guirado, V Peris, R Iglesias-Marzoa
Haumea-one of the four known trans-Neptunian dwarf planets-is a very elongated and rapidly rotating body. In contrast to other dwarf planets, its size, shape, albedo and density are not well constrained. The Centaur Chariklo was the first body other than a giant planet known to have a ring system, and the Centaur Chiron was later found to possess something similar to Chariklo's rings. Here we report observations from multiple Earth-based observatories of Haumea passing in front of a distant star (a multi-chord stellar occultation)...
October 11, 2017: Nature
Joseph Ajagunmolu Mayaki
This review examines issues relating to biomedical ethics and literature in the African drama The President's Physician by Emmanuel Babatunde Omobowale. The play investigates the psychological dilemma of Doctor Bituki Warunga, a personal physician to General Kalunga Ntibantunganyah who brutally and inhumanely rules Wavaria, a fictional African country. The doctor is faced with deciding to uphold the ethics of his profession versus terminating the tyrant's life to set the nation free. The play aims to help budding medical doctors rightly inculcate the principles of medical ethics-autonomy, beneficence, competence, and power-by providing a fictional platform to investigate difficult issues that can arise in clinical practice...
December 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Kaushal Deep Singh
Following is a satire on the plight of postgraduate medical entrance examinees in India. It highlights the questions they have to face during their entrance examination preparations and the annoying explanations they have to read in the entrance preparation books. Though the system of examination is improving in India, few loopholes do exist and need to be rectified. This article, thus, attracts the attention of readers towards one such backdrop regarding controversial/wrong/misprinted questions which has come a long way but still has scope of improvement...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Sushruta Surappa, Sarp Satir, F Levent Degertekin
A capacitive ultrasonic transducer based on a parametric resonator structure is described and experimentally demonstrated. The transducer structure, which we call capacitive parametric ultrasonic transducer (CPUT), uses a parallel plate capacitor with a movable membrane as part of a degenerate parametric series RLC resonator circuit with a resonance frequency of fo. When the capacitor plate is driven with an incident harmonic ultrasonic wave at the pump frequency of 2fo with sufficient amplitude, the RLC circuit becomes unstable and ultrasonic energy can be efficiently converted to an electrical signal at fo frequency in the RLC circuit...
July 24, 2017: Applied Physics Letters
Fatemeh Karimi Ahmad-Abadi, Masoomeh Maarefvand, Hakimeh Aghaei, Samaneh Hosseinzadeh, Mahboubeh Abbasi, Jagdish Khubchandani
PURPOSE: Social workers in substance abuse treatment settings are responsible for involving families in treatment program to improve family functioning. The effectiveness of available interventions in treating codependency of family members of drug users in Iran is not well explored. We evaluated the effectiveness of the Satir communication family therapy (CFT) in healing codependency of drug dependents' family members in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The intervention group participants (n = 27) received a seven-session social work intervention with CFT approach and the control group (n = 26) received treatment as usual...
July 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
David A Chernin
A prolific and inventive painter, draftsman, and poet, Adriaen Pietersz van de Venne was born in Delft in 1589. His wealthy parents had fled from Protestant persecution in the Southern (Spanish) Netherlands during the 1580s. Van de Venne was educated in Leiden, where he became part of the vibrant political and intellectual community around the University. He settled in Middleburg, in Zeeland, by 1614; his earliest dated paintings are also from this year. In 1625, van de Venne moved to The Hague, where he remained until his dealth...
2017: Journal of the History of Dentistry
J L Vanherweghem, P Jossart
The paper deals with the content of the 10 satirical revues organized by the students in medicine of the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) from 1944 to 2014. That analysis allows identifying the events as well the figures which have left their mark in the Faculty of medicine of ULB during this period, at least according to the view of the students.
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Duygu Gulec Satir, Oya Kavlak
OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in use of the Internet related to infertility between infertile women and men, whether they benefit or are negatively affected from information on the Internet, and share this information with health professional. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out with 285 infertile women and 158 men between December 2015 and February 2016. Data were collected by a survey Form which included questions related to sociodemographic characteristics, related to infertility (duration of treatment, type of treatment) and questions about use of the Internet...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Alexia Moser-Bracher, Christian Balmer, Anna Cavigelli, Aylin Satir, Angela Caduff Good, Dietrich Klauwer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
Necmettin Yıldız, Yeşim Akkoç, Murat Ersöz, Berrin Gündüz, Belgin Erhan, Hilal Yesil, Ayşe Nur Bardak, Senay Ozdolap, Hakan Tunç, Kurtulus Koklu, Ebru Alemdaroğlu, Ender Erden, Ulas Sungur, Ozlem Satır, Cagdaş Erdogan, Hakan Alkan
We aimed to assess the functional status, urinary problems, and awareness of these problems in adults with cerebral palsy (CP) and their relationship with the quality of life. One-hundred-seventeen adults with CP (53 women, 64 men) were included in this study. Subjects were asked to fill out a urological questionnaire which dealt with urinary symptoms, awareness of urinary problems, and pharmacological treatment they received. Subjects were also assessed with the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), Functional Independence Measures (FIM), Functional Mobility Scale (FMS), and King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ)...
July 2017: Neurological Sciences
Peter Satir
This is a history of cilia research before and after the discovery of intraflagellar transport (IFT) and the link between primary cilia ciliogenesis and polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Before IFT, ca. the beginning of the new millennium, although sensory and primary cilia were well described, research was largely focused on motile cilia, their structure, movement, and biogenesis. After IFT and the link to PKD, although work on motile cilia has continued to progress, research on primary cilia has exploded, leading to new insights into the role of cilia in cell signaling and development...
2017: Cilia
Joshua D Wallach, Patrick G Sullivan, John F Trepanowski, Kristin L Sainani, Ewout W Steyerberg, John P A Ioannidis
Importance: Many published randomized clinical trials (RCTs) make claims for subgroup differences. Objective: To evaluate how often subgroup claims reported in the abstracts of RCTs are actually supported by statistical evidence (P < .05 from an interaction test) and corroborated by subsequent RCTs and meta-analyses. Data Sources: This meta-epidemiological survey examines data sets of trials with at least 1 subgroup claim, including Subgroup Analysis of Trials Is Rarely Easy (SATIRE) articles and Discontinuation of Randomized Trials (DISCO) articles...
April 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
Christopher J Wretman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Social Work
Tiffany A Graves, Nassim Tabri, Heather Thompson-Brenner, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy, Stephanie Bourion-Bedes, Amy Brown, Michael J Constantino, Christoph Flückiger, Sarah Forsberg, Leanna Isserlin, Jennifer Couturier, Gunilla Paulson Karlsson, Johannes Mander, Martin Teufel, James E Mitchell, Ross D Crosby, Claudia Prestano, Dana A Satir, Susan Simpson, Richard Sly, J Hubert Lacey, Colleen Stiles-Shields, Giorgio A Tasca, Glenn Waller, Shannon L Zaitsoff, Renee Rienecke, Daniel Le Grange, Jennifer J Thomas
The therapeutic alliance has demonstrated an association with favorable psychotherapeutic outcomes in the treatment of eating disorders (EDs). However, questions remain about the inter-relationships between early alliance, early symptom improvement, and treatment outcome. We conducted a meta-analysis on the relations among these constructs, and possible moderators of these relations, in psychosocial treatments for EDs. Twenty studies met inclusion criteria and supplied sufficient supplementary data. Results revealed small-to-moderate effect sizes, βs = 0...
April 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Mark R Tonelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Gerard J Gormley, Brian D Hodges, Nancy McNaughton, Jennifer L Johnston
 According to Shakespeare, all the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), that most ubiquitous form of assessment in health professions education, offers us a particular instance of this maxim. Comprising at first glance a world of psychometric data, detailed checklists and global rating scales, the OSCE sets out to facilitate the assessment of a candidate's competence in a highly standardised and objective fashion. Despite this clear intention, OSCEs also offer a rich vein of (often unacknowledged) social and cultural processes...
December 2016: Medical Education
Peter Satir
Self-assembly of two important components of the cytoskeleton of eukaryotic cells, actin microfilaments and microtubules (MTs) results in polar filaments of one chirality. As is true for bacterial flagella, in actin microfilaments, screw direction is important for assembly processes and motility. For MTs, polar orientation within the cell is paramount. The alignment of these elements in the cell cytoplasm gives rise to emergent properties, including the potential for cell differentiation and specialization...
December 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
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