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diverticulitis guidelines

Savino Occhionorelli, Monica Zese, Daniela Tartarini, Domenica Lacavalla, Stefano Maccatrozzo, Giacomo Groppo, Maria Grazia Sibilla, Rocco Stano, Lorenzo Cappellari, Giorgio Vasquez
AIM: Acute diverticulitis is a frequent disease in the Western Countries. The increase number of patients admitted in the Surgery Departments led the necessity of new Scores and Classifications in order to clarify, in absence of clear guidelines, the best treatments to offer in the different situations. METHODS: A retrospective study of ninety-nine patients treated in our Department from June 2010 and March 2015. RESULTS: In our study 41 patients were treated conservatively, the remaining 58 were operated, 56 laparotomic and 2 laparoscopic...
October 10, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
L Daniels, Ç Ünlü, N de Korte, S van Dieren, H B Stockmann, B C Vrouenraets, E C Consten, J A van der Hoeven, Q A Eijsbouts, I F Faneyte, W A Bemelman, M G Dijkgraaf, M A Boermeester
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are advised in most guidelines on acute diverticulitis, despite a lack of evidence to support their routine use. This trial compared the effectiveness of a strategy with or without antibiotics for a first episode of uncomplicated acute diverticulitis. METHODS: Patients with CT-proven, primary, left-sided, uncomplicated, acute diverticulitis were included at 22 clinical sites in the Netherlands, and assigned randomly to an observational or antibiotic treatment strategy...
September 30, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Rudi De Bastiani, Guido Sanna, Pierluigi Fracasso, Maurizio D'Urso, Edoardo Benedetto, Antonio Tursi
GOALS: To investigate the current opinion of Italian general practitioners (GPs) on the management of patients with diverticular disease (DD) of the colon. BACKGROUND: The management of DD remains a point of debate, and guidelines are not uniform in their advice. STUDY: A web-based survey was conducted among Italian GPs. Twelve questions were aimed at the diagnosis, treatment, and management options for diverticulosis and symptomatic DD. RESULTS: In total, 245 surveys were filled out...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Savvas Papagrigoriadis
Recent guidelines on elective surgery for recurrent diverticulitis have removed generalized recommendations for elective preventive surgery and advice individualized decision per patient. We discuss the clinical evidence and potential use of risk factors to help with decision-making for patient selection for elective surgery in the presence of a history of diverticulitis.
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Carmelo Scarpignato, Anna Bertelé, Antonio Tursi
Changes in the colonic microbiota are critical to the pathogenesis of diverticular complications such as diverticulitis and peridiverticular abscesses. However, more subtle changes in microbiota composition may well be important to the more chronic manifestations of diverticulosis. Some studies have shown the presence of bacterial overgrowth in subgroups of patients with diverticular disease and recent studies, using molecular biology techniques, found an increase of proteobacteria and actinobacteria in patients with symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD), compared with healthy controls...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Martin H Floch, Walter E Longo
Guidelines for diverticular disease management were last supported and published by the American Gastroenterology Association and the American College of Gastroenterology 2 decades ago. Guidelines have been published in other countries and by some societies. These guidelines are suggested as United States of America guidelines. In reality, they are what is practiced in Connecticut at Yale New Haven hospitals. The epidemiology and pathophysiology is described. This is still considered a dietary fiber-deficiency disease that results in high intracolonic pressure with resultant outpocketing of diverticula in the weakest point of the colon at the sites of vascular penetration with developing elastin deposition in the colon wall...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Johannes K Schultz, Sheraz Yaqub, Tom Øresland
Throughout the last century, the incidence of diverticular disease of the colon has increased tremendously in industrialized countries; nevertheless, the management of this condition is still controversial. Although several international guidelines for the management of diverticular disease are based on the same evidence, the recommendations differ greatly, emphasizing the lack of high-quality prospective studies. In Scandinavia, official guidelines for the management of diverticular disease exist only in Denmark...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Bruno Annibale, Marilia Carabotti, Rosario Cuomo
Diverticular disease (DD) is a widespread condition, however limited evidences are available about its management and complications. In the last years, an Italian Consensus Conference promoted by GRIMAD (Gruppo Italiano Malattia Diverticolare, Italian Group on Diverticular Diseases) and a Guideline, by Italian Society of Colorectal Surgery (SICCR) were published. The aim of the Consensus was to provide clinical recommendation for appropriate definition, diagnosis, and management of DD, in particular 4 areas of interest were identified, namely: (i) definition and epidemiology, (ii) pathophysiology, (iii) diagnosis, and (iv) medical and surgical treatment...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Giovanni Maconi, Stefania Carmagnola, Tom Guzowski
Diverticula of the colon and their symptomatic manifestations, including acute diverticulitis (AD), are frequent complaints and the cause of an increasing burden of ambulatory visits, diagnostic procedures, and hospital admissions. Endoscopic and radiologic diagnostic procedures have a well-known role in the diagnosis and management of the disease, but recently intestinal ultrasonography has been proposed as a complementary tool in the diagnosis and follow-up of diverticular disease. This review shows the main sonographic features of diverticula and discusses the potential role of ultrasound in suggesting the presence of symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
M A W Stam, W A Draaisma, B J M van de Wall, H E Bolkenstein, E C J Consten, I A M J Broeders
AIM: The optimal diet for uncomplicated diverticulitis is unclear. Guidelines refrain from recommendation due to lack of objective information. The aim of the study was to determine whether an unrestricted diet during a first acute episode of uncomplicated diverticulitis is safe. METHOD: A prospective cohort study was performed of patients diagnosed with diverticulitis for the first time between 2012 and 2014. Requirements for inclusion were radiologically proven modified Hinchey 1a/b diverticulitis, ASA I-III and the ability to tolerate an unrestricted diet...
September 9, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Ferdinando Agresta, Fabio Cesare Campanile, Mauro Podda, Nicola Cillara, Graziano Pernazza, Valentina Giaccaglia, Luigi Ciccoritti, Giovanna Ioia, Stefano Mandalà, Camillo La Barbera, Arianna Birindelli, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio
BACKGROUND: Several authors have demonstrated the safety and feasibility of laparoscopy in selected cases of abdominal emergencies. The aim of the study was to analyse the current Italian practice on the use of laparoscopy in abdominal emergencies and to evaluate the impact of the 2012 national guidelines on the daily surgical activity. METHODS: Two surveys (42 closed-ended questions) on the use of laparoscopy in acute abdomen were conducted nationwide with an online questionnaire, respectively, before (2010) and after (2014) the national guidelines publication...
August 29, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Nir Horesh, Nir Wasserberg, Andrew P Zbar, Aviad Gravetz, Yaniv Berger, Mordechai Gutman, Danny Rosin, Oded Zmora
The management of diverticular disease has evolved in the last few decades from a structured therapeutic approach including operative management in almost all cases to a variety of medical and surgical approaches leading to a more individualized strategy. There is an ongoing debate among surgeons about the surgical management of diverticular disease, questioning not only the surgical procedure of choice, but also about who should be operated and the timing of surgery, both in complicated and uncomplicated diverticular disease...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Massimo Sartelli, Fausto Catena, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Ewen A Griffiths, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Salomone Di Saverio, Jan Ulrych, Yoram Kluger, Ofir Ben-Ishay, Frederick A Moore, Rao R Ivatury, Raul Coimbra, Andrew B Peitzman, Ari Leppaniemi, Gustavo P Fraga, Ronald V Maier, Osvaldo Chiara, Jeffry Kashuk, Boris Sakakushev, Dieter G Weber, Rifat Latifi, Walter Biffl, Miklosh Bala, Aleksandar Karamarkovic, Kenji Inaba, Carlos A Ordonez, Andreas Hecker, Goran Augustin, Zaza Demetrashvili, Renato Bessa Melo, Sanjay Marwah, Sanoop K Zachariah, Vishal G Shelat, Michael McFarlane, Miran Rems, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Mario Paulo Faro, Gerson Alves Pereira Júnior, Ionut Negoi, Yunfeng Cui, Norio Sato, Andras Vereczkei, Giovanni Bellanova, Arianna Birindelli, Isidoro Di Carlo, Kenneth Y Kok, Mahir Gachabayov, Georgios Gkiokas, Konstantinos Bouliaris, Elif Çolak, Arda Isik, Daniel Rios-Cruz, Rodolfo Soto, Ernest E Moore
Acute left sided colonic diverticulitis is one of the most common clinical conditions encountered by surgeons in acute setting. A World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) Consensus Conference on acute diverticulitis was held during the 3rd World Congress of the WSES in Jerusalem, Israel, on July 7th, 2015. During this consensus conference the guidelines for the management of acute left sided colonic diverticulitis in the emergency setting were presented and discussed. This document represents the executive summary of the final guidelines approved by the consensus conference...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
A A Schnitzbauer, D Pieper, E A M Neugebauer, W O Bechstein
INTRODUCTION: Diverticulosis is a relevant disease in Germany with a prevalence of over 60 % in patients aged ≥70 years. The S2k guidelines for the treatment of diverticulosis were recently published. Systematic epidemiological data on treatment modalities do not exist. METHODS: Analysis of in-hospital treatment modalities for diverticulosis based on data from the Federal Office of Statistics. RESULTS: Approximately 130,000 inpatient cases of diverticulosis are treated in Germany per year...
August 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Rasmus Gregersen, Kristoffer Andresen, Jakob Burcharth, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Jacob Rosenberg
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate short-term mortality, readmission, and recurrence in a national cohort of patients with Hinchey Ib-II diverticulitis. METHODS: The retrospective cohort-investigation was conducted using a database consisting of the entire Danish population (n = 6,641,672) in year 2000-2012, formed by linking the Danish Registers. Patients admitted with acute Hinchey Ib-II diverticulitis were identified from ICD-10 discharge codes and stratified according to treatment into an operative, drainage, and antibiotics group...
May 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Debbie Li, Nancy N Baxter, Robin S McLeod, Rahim Moineddin, Avery B Nathens
BACKGROUND: The indications for interval elective colectomy following diverticulitis are unclear; evidence lends increasing support for nonoperative management. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the temporal trends in the use of elective colectomy following diverticulitis. DESIGN: This is a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative discharge data. SETTING: This study was conducted in Ontario, Canada...
April 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Patricia Sánchez-Velázquez, Luis Grande, Miguel Pera
Acute diverticulitis occurs in up to 25% of patients with diverticulosis. The majority of cases are mild or uncomplicated and it has become a frequent reason for consultation in the emergency department. On the basis of the National Inpatient Sample database from the USA, 86% of patients admitted with diverticulitis were treated with medical therapy. However, several recent studies have shown that outpatient treatment with antibiotics is safe and effective. The aim of this systematic review is to update the evidence published in the outpatient treatment of uncomplicated acute diverticulitis...
June 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
M A W Stam, W A Draaisma, E C J Consten, I A M J Broeders
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the current opinion of gastroenterologists and surgeons on treatment strategies for patients, with recurrences or ongoing complaints of diverticulitis. BACKGROUND: Treatment of recurrences and ongoing complaints remains a point of debate. No randomized trials have been published yet and guidelines are not uniform in their advice. DESIGN: A web-based survey was conducted among gastroenterologists and GE-surgeons...
2016: Digestive Surgery
Vlad V Simianu, Alessandro Fichera, Amir L Bastawrous, Giana H Davidson, Michael G Florence, Richard C Thirlby, David R Flum
IMPORTANCE: Despite professional recommendations to delay elective colon resection for patients with uncomplicated diverticulitis, early surgery (after <3 preceding episodes) appears to be common. Several factors have been suggested to contribute to early surgery, including increasing numbers of younger patients, a lower threshold to operate laparoscopically, and growing recognition of "smoldering" (or nonrecovering) diverticulitis episodes. However, the relevance of these factors in early surgery has not been well tested, and most prior studies have focused on hospitalizations, missing outpatient events and making it difficult to assess guideline adherence in earlier interventions...
July 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Thijs H Oude Munnik, Marjon Annink-Smoors, Harold W Hom, Esther T Sportel
BACKGROUND: Metamizole is an analgesic, the orally administered form of which was withdrawn in the Netherlands in 1989 due to an unacceptably high incidence of agranulocytosis. However, later studies showed a much lower incidence and since 2013 the use of metamizole has been recommended by the national guideline on postoperative pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 58-year-old woman was referred by her general practitioner to our hospital with suspected diverticulitis. Three days previously the patient had returned from a four-week period of rehabilitation at a German spa following hip replacement surgery...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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