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Avoidant personality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351330/use-of-influenza-antivirals-in-patients-hospitalized-in-hong-kong-2000-2015
#1
Benjamin J Cowling, Celine S L Chui, Wey Wen Lim, Peng Wu, Christopher K M Hui, J S Malik Peiris, Esther W Chan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe patterns in the usage of antivirals to treat influenza virus infection in hospitals in Hong Kong from 2000 through 2015. METHODS: We analyzed centralized electronic health records that included dispensation information and diagnosis codes. Information collected on admissions included patient age, sex, admission year and month, and medications dispensed, and were matched with the first 15 discharge diagnosis codes. We divided monthly admission episodes by relevant population denominators to obtain admission rates, and stratified analyses by drug type, age group, and diagnosis codes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350060/-so-they-are-not-alive-dementia-reality-disjunctions-and-conversational-strategies
#2
Lars-Christer Hydén, Christina Samuelsson
In some conversations involving persons with Alzheimer's disease, the participants may have to deal with the difficulty that they do not share a common ground in terms of not only who is alive or dead, but even more, who could possibly be alive. It is as if the participants face a reality disjunction. There are very few empirical studies of this difficulty in conversations involving persons with Alzheimer's disease or other kinds of dementia diagnoses. Often studies of confabulation have a focus on the behavior and experience of the healthy participants, but rarely on the interaction and the collaborative contributions made by the person with dementia...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349589/associations-between-father-temperament-character-rearing-psychopathology-and-child-temperament-in-children-aged-3-6-years
#3
Zehra Babadagi, Koray M Z Karabekiroglu, Filiz Ucar, Gokce Nur Say, Murat Yuce, Zeynep Gulcin Yildirim
Temperament refers to the totality of individual characteristics present from birth that determine a child's unique style of behavior. Maternal personality and attitudes, one of the factors affecting temperament traits in children, is a frequently investigated subject. However, paternal variables have remained insufficiently studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the associations between the fathers' temperament, character, attitudes, psychopathology and temperament of the 3-6 years-old children...
January 19, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349242/the-negative-effects-on-mental-health-of-being-in-a-non-desired-occupation-in-an-increasingly-precarious-labour-market
#4
Catarina Canivet, Gunnar Aronsson, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Constanze Leineweber, Mahnaz Moghaddassi, Johanna Stengård, Hugo Westerlund, Per-Olof Östergren
Precarious employment has been associated with poor mental health. Moreover, increasing labour market precariousness may cause individuals to feel 'locked-in', in non-desired workplaces or occupations, out of fear of not finding a new employment. This could be experienced as a 'loss of control', with similar negative health consequences. It is plausible that the extent to which being in a non-desired occupation (NDO) or being in precarious employment (PE) has a negative impact on mental health differs according to age group...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345535/coping-styles-mediate-perfectionism-associations-with-depression-among-undergraduate-students
#5
Abbas Abdollahi, Simin Hosseinian, Gordon J G Asmundson
To better understand depression among adolescent university students, this study was designed to examine coping style as a potential mediator between perfectionism and depression. Participants comprised 510 undergraduate students from Malaysia. Structural Equation Modelling demonstrated that personal standards perfectionism and task-focused coping style were negatively associated with depression, while emotion-focused coping style, avoidant coping style, and evaluative concerns perfectionism were positively associated with depression...
January 18, 2018: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343739/qualitative-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-views-of-patients-and-healthcare-professionals
#6
REVIEW
Siân Russell, Oladapo J Ogunbayo, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Fiona Beyer, Eileen Kaner
Self-management interventions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can improve quality of life, reduce hospital admissions, and improve symptoms. However, many factors impede engagement for patients and practitioners. Qualitative research, with its focus on subjective experience, can provide invaluable insights into such factors. Therefore, a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative evidence on COPD self-management from the perspective of patients, carers, and practitioners was conducted. Following a systematic search and screening, 31 studies were appraised and data extracted for analysis...
January 17, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339063/evolution-of-intravitreal-therapy-for-retinal-diseases-from-cmv-to-cnv-the-lxxiv-edward-jackson-memorial-lecture
#7
Daniel F Martin
PURPOSE: To present the evolution of intravitreal therapy for retinal diseases and its impact on clinical practice. DESIGN: Retrospective literature review and personal perspective. METHODS: Retrospective literature review and personal perspective. RESULTS: Pharmacotherapeutic advances in retinal disease have been remarkable over the last 25 years. Almost all of the new drugs developed have required intravitreal administration to be highly effective, leading to an exponential increase in the annual number of intravitreal injections given...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338915/the-significance-of-avoiding-household-food-waste-a-means-end-chain-approach
#8
Beate Richter, Wolfgang Bokelmann
Many humans suffer from hunger, while edible food is discarded. This study aims at showing the importance of avoiding food waste in households and its causes by applying the means-end-chain analysis. Additional the means-end-chain approach should be examined in how far the method is suitable to get insights towards this topic. Consumer backgrounds in terms of feelings and attitudes regarding food waste should be shown, with the particular question why food waste personally is important. The data collection occurred utilizing the hard laddering method within a quantitative online survey...
January 12, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338549/sedation-in-cardiac-arrhythmias-management
#9
Federico Guerra, Giulia Stronati, Alessandro Capucci
Procedural sedation is of paramount importance for a plethora of electrophysiological procedures. From electrical cardioversion to electrophysiology studies, device implantations, and catheter ablations, intraprocedural sedation and anesthesia have a pivotal role in allowing procedural success while ensuring patient safety and avoiding discomfort. Areas covered: The present review will discuss the current state-of-the-art in sedation and anesthesia during electrical cardioversion, cardiac implantable electronic device implantation, catheter ablation and electrophysiology studies...
January 17, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336775/neural-correlates-of-emotional-action-control-in-anger-prone-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Katja Bertsch, Karin Roelofs, Paul Jonathan Roch, Bo Ma, Saskia Hensel, Sabine C Herpertz, Inge Volman
BACKGROUND: Difficulty in controlling emotional impulses is a crucial component of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that often leads to destructive, impulsive behaviours against others. In line with recent findings in aggressive individuals, deficits in prefrontal amygdala coupling during emotional action control may account for these symptoms. METHODS: To study the neurobiological correlates of altered emotional action control in individuals with BPD, we asked medication-free, anger-prone, female patients with BPD and age- and intelligence-matched healthy women to take part in an approach-avoidance task while lying in an MRI scanner...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335124/-the-reception-a-prerequisite-of-the-encounter-a-political-question
#11
Patrick Touzet
The reception of a patient in psychiatry is a stage which consists of more than a single initial contact between a person suffering psychologically and a caregiver. This time can open the way to an encounter, without which a care relationship cannot be established. The reception as a paradigm of psychiatric care questions the concept of this care, at a time when caregivers cannot avoid the question of their political engagement.
January 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333895/childhood-adversity-and-hazardous-drinking-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-insecurity
#12
Thao Lan Le, Robert D Levitan, Robert E Mann, Robert G Maunder
BACKGROUND: Harmful alcohol use is associated with disease and mortality. Identifying new determinants of harmful drinking may aid the 16.3 million adults who have alcohol use disorders. Childhood adversity is associated with alcohol use, but is not amenable to change. Attachment insecurity (anxiety and avoidance) may be associated with alcohol use and may be a target for modification or used to personalize interventions. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to (a) identify the association between attachment insecurity and harmful drinking, (b) determine if attachment insecurity may mediate between childhood adversity and harmful drinking, and (c) test sex as a moderator between attachment insecurity and harmful drinking in the mediation relationship...
January 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333774/-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study-on-the-anatomical-position-of-accessory-mandibular-foramina-in-jiangxi-adults
#13
Ke Xing, Li Bohan, Chen Linlin, Jiang Xindi
OBJECTIVE: This study used cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to access the distribution and position of accessory mandibular foramina in the mandibular body of Jiangxi adults, and some safety rules of operation for clinics were provided. METHODS: Two hundred CBCT image subjects of Jiangxi adults were selected, which were divided into 4 groups by age with the same sex ratio. The number and position of accessory mandibular foramina in mandibular anterior teeth, premolars and molars region were described and the relationship between accessory mandibular foramina incidence and factors of age, gender and lateral were analyzed...
December 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332558/situational-variations-in-and-women-s-accounts-of-avoided-acts-of-serious-intimate-partner-violence
#14
Candace Kruttschnitt, Carolyn Yule, Mariel Alper, Amy Klassen
This study explores how both situations and persons contribute to the probability that a serious incident of intimate partner violence (IPV) can be avoided. Data, on both completed and avoided acts of serious partner violence, were collected from jailed women in Baltimore. Factors that increase the odds of avoiding a serious incident of IPV are a woman's age, her partner's initiation of a threat/attack, and being accompanied by a family member. Factors that decrease the odds of avoided serious violence include an indicator of what the dispute was about, her partner's substance abuse, prior experiences with avoided acts of violence, and lifetime arrests...
May 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331993/increased-leisure-time-physical-activity-associated-with-lower-onset-of-diabetes-in-44%C3%A2-828-adults-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Xiang Qian Lao, Han-Bing Deng, Xudong Liu, Ta-Chien Chan, Zilong Zhang, Ly-Yun Chang, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Tony Tam, Martin Chi Sang Wong, G Neil Thomas
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of habitual leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) on incident type 2 diabetes in a prospective cohort of Chinese adults with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). METHODS: 44 828 Chinese adults aged 20-80 years with newly detected IFG but free from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease were recruited and followed up from 1996 to 2014. Incident type 2 diabetes was identified by fasting plasma glucose ≥7 mmol/L. The participants were classified into four categories based on their self-reported weekly LTPA: inactive, low, moderate, or high...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330732/touching-the-spirit-re-enchanting-the-person-in-the-body
#16
Peggy L Determeyer, Julie E Kutac
In this essay, we argue that touch constitutes a sacred connection between the patient and practitioner. When touch is avoided or overlooked, the enigmatic inner workings of the body are ignored as those aspects of the body that can be quantified and ultimately controlled are emphasized. In utilizing touch as a fundamental way of opening up space for the sacred, the practitioner affirms the humanity for both the patient and herself. Only by returning to the senses can practitioners resist the dehumanizing effects of machinery and re-enchant the health-care profession in caring for persons they have sworn to serve...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330640/is-contact-with-children-related-to-legitimizing-beliefs-toward-sex-with-children-among-men-with-pedophilia
#17
Max Geradt, Sara Jahnke, Julia Heinz, Jürgen Hoyer
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, social contact may also decrease false beliefs. We tested these competing views in an anonymous Internet survey with a non-forensic, non-clinical sample of 104 self-classified pedophilic men. Results showed that both increased social and physical contact were significantly linked to fewer legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children, even when controlling for past psychotherapy, educational level, social desirability, and age...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329338/pharmacoepidemiological-assessment-of-adherence-and-influencing-co-factors-among-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-patients-an-observational-cohort-study
#18
Stefanie Frech, Daniel Kreft, Rudolf F Guthoff, Gabriele Doblhammer
The goal of this study was to assess the adherence of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients to medication, and to determine co-factors influencing adherence, using a representative sample of members of the largest German public health insurer. The observational cohort study was based on a longitudinal data set from 2010-2013 and included 250,000 insured persons aged 50 and older with 10,120 diagnosed POAG patients. Uni- and multivariate analysis was performed to investigate several aspects of glaucoma, such as prevalence, adherence, and co-factors influencing adherence...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328762/patients-experiences-with-at-home-preoperative-skin-disinfection-before-elective-hip-replacement-surgery
#19
Maria Qvistgaard, Sofia Almerud Österberg, Kristiina Heikkilä, Ann-Britt Thorén, Jenny Lovebo
The aim of the study was to describe patients' experiences with preoperative skin disinfection carried out in their home before elective hip replacement surgery with the aim of lowering the microbial burden and avoiding surgical site infections. The literature was reviewed for relevant studies. Optimal preparations before surgery depend on patients being able to assimilate preoperative information and instructions. The study was based on 14 interviews with patients who had undergone elective hip replacement surgery...
July 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327211/twelve-lessons-learned-for-effective-research-partnerships-between-patients-caregivers-clinicians-academic-researchers-and-other-stakeholders
#20
Holly O Witteman, Selma Chipenda Dansokho, Heather Colquhoun, Angela Fagerlin, Anik M C Giguere, Sholom Glouberman, Lynne Haslett, Aubri Hoffman, Noah M Ivers, France Légaré, Jean Légaré, Carrie A Levin, Karli Lopez, Victor M Montori, Jean-Sébastien Renaud, Kerri Sparling, Dawn Stacey, Robert J Volk
Research increasingly means that patients, caregivers, health professionals, other stakeholders, and academic investigators work in partnership. This requires effective collaboration rooted in mutual respect, involvement of all participants, and good communication. Having conducted such partnered research over multiple projects, and having recently completed a project together funded by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, we collaboratively developed a list of 12 lessons we have learned about how to ensure effective research partnerships...
January 4, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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