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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921046/weight-management-in-primary-care
#1
REVIEW
Susanne Maurer
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges worldwide. It is not only a medical but also a philosophical, ecological, economic, sociocultural, and psychological problem as well as a severe consequence of our modern value definition to 'receive more and more'. Therefore, physicians are not able to treat obesity broadly and should not be used as tools to achieve certain weight goals. METHODS: This article presents an outline of conservative obesity therapy...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920962/recommendations-for-detecting-and-addressing-barriers-to-successful-supervision
#2
Tyra P Sellers, Linda A LeBlanc, Amber L Valentino
Behavior analysts who supervise staff are responsible for establishing a healthy supervisory relationship and for teaching basic behavior analytic skills (e.g., verbal repertoires, technical repertoires, clinical decision-making). In addition, supervisors should prepare their supervisees to succeed in their subsequent professional activities by developing their interpersonal skills and professionalism repertoires. Difficulties in the supervisor relationship and problematic personal and professional skills often become the focus of targeted supervision efforts after the effects of deficits (e...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920734/role-of-stressful-life-events-avoidant-coping-styles-and-neuroticism-in-online-game-addiction-among-college-students-a-moderated-mediation-model
#3
Huanhuan Li, Yingmin Zou, Jiaqi Wang, Xuelin Yang
Online game addiction (OGA) is becoming a significant problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of OGA and the roles of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles (ACSs), and neuroticism in OGA. A total of 651 Chinese college students were selected by random cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Chinese version of Young's eight-item Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS), Online Game Cognition Addiction Scale (OGCAS), Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale in Chinese (EPQ-RSC), Chinese College-student Stress Questionnaire, and Coping Style Questionnaire...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917586/a-qualitative-perspectival-review-of-the-australian-and-new-zealand-urology-education-and-training-program
#4
Prem Rashid
INTRODUCTION: The Australian and New Zealand (ANZ) urology training program was assessed via a prospective, qualitative review to explore the challenges facing the delivery of high quality urological training now and into the future. AIM: To report the reflective considerations and opinions of leaders in the ANZ urological surgical training program. METHODS: Ethics approved semi-structured, template-based, qualitative interview techniques were employed to evaluate key aspects of the current urology training program...
December 5, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916759/odour-as-a-determinant-of-persistent-symptoms-after-a-chemical-explosion-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Gro Tjalvin, Nils Magerøy, Magne Bråtveit, Stein Håkon Låstad Lygre, Bjørg Eli Hollund, Bente Elisabeth Moen
Foul-smelling environmental pollution was a major concern following a chemical workplace explosion. Malodorous pollution has previously been associated with aggravated physical and psychological health, and in persons affected by a trauma, an incidence-related odour can act as a traumatic reminder. Olfaction may even be of significance in the development and persistence of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). The present longitudinal study assessed whether perceived smell related to malodorous environmental pollution in the aftermath of the explosion was a determinant of subjective health complaints (SHC) and PTSS among gainfully employed adults, when the malodorous pollution was present, and after pollution clean-up...
December 2, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916672/famous-faces-and-voices-differential-profiles-in-early-right-and-left-semantic-dementia-and-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Simona Luzzi, Sara Baldinelli, Valentina Ranaldi, Katia Fabi, Viviana Cafazzo, Fabio Fringuelli, Mauro Silvestrini, Leandro Provinciali, Carlo Reverberi, Guido Gainotti
BACKGROUND: Famous face and voice recognition is reported to be impaired both in semantic dementia (SD) and in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), although more severely in the former. In AD a coexistence of perceptual impairment in face and voice processing has also been reported and this could contribute to the altered performance in complex semantic tasks. On the other hand, in SD both face and voice recognition disorders could be related to the prevalence of atrophy in the right temporal lobe (RTL)...
December 1, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915159/public-speaking-avoidance-as-a-treatment-moderator-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#7
Bita Mesri, Andrea N Niles, Andre Pittig, Richard T LeBeau, Ethan Haik, Michelle G Craske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) have both garnered empirical support for the effective treatment of social anxiety disorder. However, not every patient benefits equally from either treatment. Identifying moderators of treatment outcome can help to better understand which treatment is best suited for a particular patient. METHODS: Forty-nine individuals who met criteria for social anxiety disorder were assessed as part of a randomized controlled trial comparing 12 weeks of CBT and ACT...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914277/accurate-assessment-of-the-weight-of-evidence-for-dna-mixtures-by-integrating-the-likelihood-ratio
#8
Klaas Slooten
Several methods exist for weight of evidence calculations on DNA mixtures. Especially if dropout is a possibility, it may be difficult to estimate mixture specific parameters needed for the evaluation. For semi-continuous models, the LR for a person to have contributed to a mixture depends on the specified number of contributors and the probability of dropout for each. We show here that, for the semi-continuous model that we consider, the weight of evidence can be accurately obtained by applying the standard statistical technique of integrating the likelihood ratio against the parameter likelihoods obtained from the mixture data...
November 16, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913987/a-moral-normative-framework-for-the-judgment-of-actions-and-decisions-in-the-construction-industry-and-engineering-part-ii
#9
Omar J Alkhatib
The construction industry is typically characterized as a fragmented, multi-organizational setting in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The most challenging obstacle in the construction process is to achieve a successful practice and to identify and apply an ethical framework to manage the behavior of involved specialists and contractors and to ensure the quality of all completed construction activities. The framework should reflect a common moral ground for myriad people involved in this process to survive and compete ethically in today's turbulent construction market...
December 2, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913364/an-intelligible-risk-stratification-model-based-on-pairwise-and-size-constrained-kmeans
#10
Longfei Han, Senlin Luo, Huaiqing Wang, Limin Pan, Xincheng Ma, Tiemei Zhang
Having a system to stratify individuals according to risk is key to clinical disease prevention, this allows individuals identified at different risk tiers benefit from further investigation and intervention. But the same risk score estimated for two different persons doesn't mean they need the same further investigation or represent the similarity health condition between two persons. Meanwhile, users still does not know a prior what most of the risk tiers are, and how many tiers should be found in risk stratification...
November 29, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912142/how-do-individuals-value-health-states-a-qualitative-investigation
#11
M Karimi, J Brazier, S Paisley
Despite the importance of health state values in informing resource allocation in health care, there is arguably little known about how individuals value health. Previous studies have shown that a variety of non-health factors and beliefs are important in valuing health, but there is less evidence in the literature about how individuals' beliefs affect their preferences or what role non-health factors play in the process of forming preferences. This study investigated the thought processes of 21 U.K. based participants in March 2013 who valued health states using semi-structured interviews and a think-aloud protocol, with the aim to better understand the relationship between health states, the individual's underlying beliefs, and the individual's preferences...
November 22, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911415/extraction-of-plant-based-capsules-for-microencapsulation-applications
#12
Michael G Potroz, Raghavendra C Mundargi, Jae Hyeon Park, Ee-Lin Tan, Nam-Joon Cho
Microcapsules derived from plant-based spores or pollen provide a robust platform for a diverse range of microencapsulation applications. Sporopollenin exine capsules (SECs) are obtained when spores or pollen are processed so as to remove the internal sporoplasmic contents. The resulting hollow microcapsules exhibit a high degree of micromeritic uniformity and retain intricate microstructural features related to the particular plant species. Herein, we demonstrate a streamlined process for the production of SECs from Lycopodium clavatum spores and for the loading of hydrophilic compounds into these SECs...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910091/a-dyadic-perspective-on-engagement-in-advance-care-planning
#13
Terri Fried, Maria Zenoni, Lynne Iannone
OBJECTIVES: To understand the perspectives of both patients and the person who would make medical decisions for them if they were unable (surrogates) on their participation in advance care planning (ACP). DESIGN: Qualitative cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-one veterans age 55 years and older and their surrogates. MEASUREMENTS: In interviews conducted with both the veteran and surrogate, they were asked to discuss their participation in four ACP activities: communication about life-sustaining treatment, communication about views on quality of life, completion of a living will, and appointment of a healthcare proxy...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909936/disability-depression-diagnosis-and-harm-reflections-on-two-personal-scenarios
#14
G Thomas Couser
In this article I draw on two scenarios from my personal life-the diagnosis of my newborn grandnephew with CHARGE syndrome and the diagnosis of my father with depression-to reflect on whether and when diagnosis may be harmful to patients (and their families). Despite the great differences between the two scenarios, I argue that in both cases the tendency of diagnosis to generalize, categorize, and stigmatize can lead to insidious and counterproductive effects. The perspective of disability studies can help physicians to anticipate, minimize or avoid these negative ramifications...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907073/how-do-allied-health-professionals-construe-the-role-of-the-remote-workforce-new-insight-into-their-recruitment-and-retention
#15
Narelle Campbell, Diann S Eley, Lindy McAllister
PURPOSE: Allied health workforce recruitment and retention in remote areas is a global problem. Using case studies from the Australian allied health workforce, this paper adds new information by combining personality trait information with a detailed understanding of how the cases construe the demands of remote work, which may be useful in addressing this problem. METHODS: Four cases (two urban, two remote) are presented from a mixed methods study (n = 562), which used (1) the Temperament and Character Inventory to investigate personality traits of allied health professionals; and (2) repertory grid interviews to reveal quantitatively and qualitatively how the cases construed their Ideal work role compared with their Current and a Remote role...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907013/development-and-implementation-of-the-ebola-traveler-monitoring-program-and-clinical-outcomes-of-monitored-travelers-during-october-may-2015-minnesota
#16
Aaron DeVries, Pamela Talley, Kristin Sweet, Susan Kline, Patricia Stinchfield, Pritish Tosh, Richard Danila
BACKGROUND: In October 2014, the United States began actively monitoring all persons who had traveled from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone in the previous 21 days. State public health departments were responsible for monitoring all travelers; Minnesota has the largest Liberian population in the United States. The MDH Ebola Clinical Team (ECT) was established to assess travelers with symptoms of concern for Ebola virus disease (EVD), coordinate access to healthcare at appropriate facilities including Ebola Assessment and Treatment Units (EATU), and provide guidance to clinicians...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906535/schedules-of-controlled-substances-temporary-placement-of-furanyl-fentanyl-into-schedule-i-final-order
#17
(no author information available yet)
The Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration is issuing this final order to temporarily schedule the synthetic opioid, N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylfuran-2-carboxamide (furanyl fentanyl), and its isomers, esters, ethers, salts and salts of isomers, esters and ethers, into schedule I pursuant to the temporary scheduling provisions of the Controlled Substances Act. This action is based on a finding by the Administrator that the placement of furanyl fentanyl into schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety...
November 29, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906412/multiple-cluster-axis-ii-comorbidity-and-functional-outcome-in-severe-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#18
Nerea Palomares, Antonia McMaster, Marina Díaz-Marsá, Irene de la Vega, Ana Montes, José Luis Carrasco
BACKGROUND: Current literature suggests that personality disorder comorbidity negatively contributes to both the severity and prognosis of other disorders; however, little literature has been devoted to its influence on borderline personality disorder (BPD). The objective of the present work is to study comorbidity with other personality disorders in a severe clinical sample of patients with BPD, and its relationship with global functionality. METHODS: A sample of 65 patients with severe borderline personality disorder was included in the study...
November 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905978/schedules-of-controlled-substances-temporary-placement-of-u-47700-into-schedule-i-final-order
#19
(no author information available yet)
The Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration is issuing this final order to temporarily schedule the synthetic opioid, 3,4-dichloro-N-[2-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl]-N-methylbenzamide (also known as U-47700), and its isomers, esters, ethers, salts and salts of isomers, esters and ethers, into schedule I pursuant to the temporary scheduling provisions of the Controlled Substances Act. This action is based on a finding by the Administrator that the placement of U-47700 into schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety...
November 14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905839/gene-therapy-to-cure-hiv-where-to-from-here
#20
Rowena Johnston
A variety of approaches are being tested to cure HIV, but with the exception of the Berlin patient case, none has been successful. The Berlin patient, positive for both HIV and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), received two stem cell transplants from a donor homozygous for the CCR5delta32 mutation. In the 8 years since his second transplant, he has remained free of both HIV and AML. This case provides strong proof-of-principle that a cure for HIV is possible and might be achieved through gene therapy. Several technological barriers must be resolved and are discussed here, including the safe delivery of the intervention throughout the body of the infected person, increased efficiency of gene editing, and avoidance of resistance to the therapy...
December 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
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