keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Avoidant personality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944966/inpatient-management-of-children-with-recessive-dystrophic-epidermolysis-bullosa-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Alvin W Li, Brea Prindaville, Scot T Bateman, Timothy E Gibson, Karen Wiss
Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is a disorder marked by skin and mucosal blistering after minimal trauma. Even the most routine procedures in the hospital, if done incorrectly, can precipitate extensive skin loss, pain, and scarring. Most providers have little experience working with patients with this degree of skin fragility. When a person with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa is admitted to the hospital, there are multiple considerations to keep in mind while strategizing an effective care plan: avoidance of new blisters with a "hands-off" approach; careful consideration of all indwelling devices; symptomatic management of pain, itch, and anxiety; coordination of dressing changes; aggressive treatment of skin infections; environmental and staffing considerations; and awareness of other chronic complications that affect care, such as anemia, malnutrition, and chronic pain...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944703/hospital-costs-for-patients-with-lower-extremity-cellulitis-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#2
Douglas Challener, Jasmine Marcelin, Sue Visscher, Larry Baddour
BACKGROUND: Hospital admissions for non-purulent lower extremity cellulitis (NLEC) are common and can be prolonged and costly. Newer treatment options and preventive strategies are expected to result in cost savings before implementation, but few studies have quantified the cost of conventional treatment. METHODS: Using the Rochester Epidemiology Project, the incidence of NLEC in Olmsted County, MN in 2013 was 176.6 per 100,000 persons. The subset of patients who required hospitalization for NLEC in 2013 was determined...
September 23, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944687/heavy-drinking-among-individuals-with-hiv-who-drinks-despite-knowledge-of-the-risk
#3
Jennifer C Elliott, Malka Stohl, Deborah S Hasin
Heavy drinking can cause medical problems for individuals with HIV, and drinking despite medical contraindications indicates problem use. However, little is known about which individuals with HIV drink despite knowledge of health problems. This study utilizes two subsamples of individuals with HIV from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III): those reporting at least one drink (a) in their lifetime (n = 205) or (b) in the past year (n = 166). Participants reported on drinking despite health problems and psychopathology in the past year and in their lifetime, and family history of alcohol problems...
September 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941003/trajectories-of-fear-avoidance-beliefs-on-physcial-activity-over-two-years-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Ingrid Demmelmaier, Annika Björk, Alyssa B Dufour, Birgitta Nordgren, Christina H Opava
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe two-year trajectories of fear-avoidance beliefs on physical activity and to identify predictors of these trajectories in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We included 2569 persons with RA (77% women, mean age 58 years). Data on fear-avoidance beliefs (Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire - Physical Activity subscale, FABQ-PA, 0-24), sociodemographics, disease-related variables, self-efficacy and health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) were collected from registers and by questionnaires at baseline, 14 and 26 months...
September 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938895/-it-is-good-to-take-her-early-to-the-doctor-mothers-understanding-of-childhood-pneumonia-symptoms-and-health-care-seeking-in-kilimanjaro-region-tanzania
#5
Florida Muro, Judith Meta, Jenny Renju, Adiel Mushi, Hilda Mbakilwa, Raimos Olomi, Hugh Reyburn, Helena Hildenwall
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is among the leading causes of avoidable deaths for young children globally. The main burden of mortality falls on children from poor and rural families who are less likely to obtain the treatment they need, highlighting inequities in access to effective care and treatment. Caretakers' illness perceptions and care-seeking practices are of major importance for children with pneumonia to receive adequate care. This study qualitatively explores the caretaker concepts of childhood pneumonia in relation to treatment seeking behaviour and health worker management in Moshi urban district, Tanzania...
September 22, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938433/type-2-diabetes-and-osteoporosis-a-guide-to-optimal-management
#6
Stavroula Paschou, Anastasia D Dede, Panagiotis G Anagnostis, Andromachi Vryonidou, Daniel Morganstein, Dimitrios G Goulis
Context: Both type 2 diabetes (T2D) and osteoporosis are affected by aging and quite often co-exist. Furthermore, the fracture risk in patients with T2D is increased. The aim of this article is to review updated information on osteoporosis and fracture risk in patients with T2D, to discuss the effects of diabetes treatment on bone metabolism, as well as the effect of anti-osteoporotic medications on the incidence and control of T2D and to provide a personalized guide to the optimal management...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937339/locked-out
#7
Veronica Johansson, Surjo R Soekadar, Jens Clausen
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) can enable communication for persons in severe paralysis including locked-in syndrome (LIS); that is, being unable to move or speak while aware. In cases of complete loss of muscle control, termed "complete locked-in syndrome," a BCI may be the only viable solution to restore communication. However, a widespread ignorance regarding quality of life in LIS, current BCIs, and their potential as an assistive technology for persons in LIS, needlessly causes a harmful situation for this cohort...
October 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936816/-effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-sexual-satisfaction-marital-adjustment-and-levels-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-couples-with-vaginismus
#8
Cennet Şafak Öztürk, Haluk Arkar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on sexual functions of women with vaginismus and their husbands, their marital adjustment, and their levels of depression and anxiety symptoms. METHOD: Twenty-six couples diagnosed as vaginismus according to DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria in gynecology outpatient clinics of Izmir Ege Maternity Hospital and Gynecological Diseases Training and Research Hospital were included in the study...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934622/should-i-stay-or-should-i-go-how-healthcare-professionals-close-encounters-with-people-with-dementia-in-the-acute-hospital-setting
#9
Rebecca Allwood, Alison Pilnick, Rebecca O'Brien, Sarah Goldberg, Rowan H Harwood, Suzanne Beeke
Around a quarter of hospital beds in the UK are occupied by patients living with dementia (PWD), and communication impairments are common across all types of dementia, often exacerbated by the hospital environment. Unsurprisingly, healthcare professionals (HCPs) report particular challenges in caring for this patient group, whilst trying to recognise and value their personhood as per the underpinning ethos of person-centred care. However, whilst there is a growing body of research that underlines the importance of communication in dementia care, there is far less that actually examines this communication in real time interaction...
September 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932575/pediatric-lung-transplantation
#10
REVIEW
Christian Benden
Pediatric lung transplantation has been undertaken since the 1980s, and it is today considered an accepted therapy option in carefully selected children with end-stage pulmonary diseases, providing carefully selected children a net survival benefit and improved health-related quality of life. Nowadays, >100 pediatric lung transplants are done worldwide every year. Here, specific pediatric aspects of lung transplantation are reviewed such as the surgical challenge, effects of immunosuppression on the developing pediatric immune system, and typical infections of childhood, as it is vital to comprehend that children undergoing lung transplants present a real challenge as children are not 'just small adults'...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930059/the-role-of-alcohol-on-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-urban-india
#11
Stephen L Schensul, Toan Ha, Jean J Schensul, Melita Vaz, Rajendra Singh, Joseph A Burleson, Kendall Bryant
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol use among men living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and examine the association of alcohol use and psychosocial variables on ART adherence. The study was a cross-sectional survey supplemented by medical records and qualitative narratives as a part of the initial formative stage of a multilevel, multicentric intervention and evaluation project. METHOD: A screening instrument was administered to men living with HIV (n = 3,088) at four ART Centers using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-consumption questions (AUDIT-C) to determine alcohol use for study eligibility...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930053/a-descriptive-study-of-the-prevalence-and-typology-of-alcohol-related-posts-in-an-online-social-network-for-smoking-cessation
#12
Amy M Cohn, Kang Zhao, Sarah Cha, Xi Wang, Michael S Amato, Jennifer L Pearson, George D Papandonatos, Amanda L Graham
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use and problem drinking are associated with smoking relapse and poor smoking-cessation success. User-generated content in online social networks for smoking cessation provides an opportunity to understand the challenges and treatment needs of smokers. This study used machine-learning text classification to identify the prevalence, sentiment, and social network correlates of alcohol-related content in the social network of a large online smoking-cessation program, BecomeAnEX...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923820/family-medicine-in-ethiopia-lessons-from-a-global-collaboration
#13
Ann Evensen, Dawit Wondimagegn, Daniel Zemenfes Ashebir, Katherine Rouleau, Cynthia Haq, Abbas Ghavam-Rassoul, Praseedha Janakiram, Elizabeth Kvach, Heidi Busse, James Conniff, Brian Cornelson
BACKGROUND: Building the capacity of local health systems to provide high-quality, self-sustaining medical education and health care is the central purpose for many global health partnerships (GHPs). Since 2001, our global partner consortium collaborated to establish Family Medicine in Ethiopia; the first Ethiopian family physicians graduated in February 2016. METHODS: The authors, representing the primary Ethiopian, Canadian, and American partners in the GHP, identified obstacles, accomplishments, opportunities, errors, and observations from the years preceding residency launch and the first 3 years of the residency...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923516/does-getting-away-with-it-count-an-application-of-stafford-and-warr-s-reconceptualised-model-of-deterrence-to-drink-driving
#14
E Szogi, M Darvell, J Freeman, V Truelove, G Palk, J Davey, K Armstrong
Drink drivers continue to be disproportionately represented in road mortalities and morbidities. Given these costs, countermeasures that effectively reduce the behaviour (and its consequences) are imperative. Research has produced inconsistent findings regarding the deterrent effects of some countermeasures on drink driving behaviour, namely legal sanctions, suggesting other factors may be more influential. This study aimed to determine which deterrence measures based on Classical Deterrence Theory and Stafford and Warr's (1993) reconceptualised model of deterrence influence the propensity to drink and drive over the legal blood alcohol content limit of 0...
September 15, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922004/behavioral-activation-in-the-treatment-of-metacognitive-dysfunctions-in-inhibited-type-personality-disorders
#15
Keely Gordon-King, Robert D Schweitzer, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Behavioral interventions are proposed as a critical treatment component in psychotherapy for personality disorders. The current study explores behavioral interventions as a mechanism of change in Metacognitive Interpersonal Therapy, an integrative psychotherapy for personality disorders. The goals and implementation of behavioral principles are illustrated through the single case study of Roger, a 57-year-old man diagnosed with avoidant personality disorder and depressive personality disorder. Transcripts of interviews and therapy sessions illustrate the role of behavioral interventions, including behavioral activation, in Roger's treatment...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920523/the-social-consequences-of-stigma-related-self-concealment-after-acquired-brain-injury
#16
Barbara F Hagger, Gerard A Riley
Social relationships often decline after brain injury. Although much of this is due to psychosocial impairments caused by the injury, the reactions to the injury of others in the person's wider social network, along with the response of the person with the injury to those reactions, also need to be considered. Anxiety about stigmatising reactions from others may lead some to conceal information about their brain injury. This study investigated some of the social consequences of such concealment. Sixty-five participants with acquired brain injury completed the Anticipated Stigma and Concealment Questionnaire, the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale, the UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Social Integration subscale of the Community Integration Questionnaire, and the Enacted Social Support Questionnaire...
September 18, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919154/is-the-search-for-a-pain-personality-of-added-value-to-the-fear-avoidance-model-fam-of-chronic-pain
#17
Katja Boersma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917602/comparing-inpatient-versus-outpatient-bowel-preparation-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-appendicovesicostomy
#18
David L Weatherly, Konrad M Szymanski, Benjamin M Whittam, William E Bennett, Shelly King, Rosalia Misseri, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Mark P Cain
PURPOSE: The need for mechanical inpatient bowel preparation (IBP) in reconstructive pediatric urology has come under scrutiny, secondary to literature demonstrating little benefit regarding outcomes. Starting in 2013, a majority of patients undergoing reconstructive procedures at our institution no longer underwent IBP. We hypothesized that outpatient bowel preparation (OBP) would reduce length of stay (LOS) without increasing postoperative complications after appendicovesicostomy surgery...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915870/descriptors-for-unprofessional-behaviours-of-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-categorisation
#19
Marianne Mak-van der Vossen, Walther van Mook, Stéphanie van der Burgt, Joyce Kors, Johannes C F Ket, Gerda Croiset, Rashmi Kusurkar
BACKGROUND: Developing professionalism is a core task in medical education. Unfortunately, it has remained difficult for educators to identify medical students' unprofessionalism, because, among other reasons, there are no commonly adopted descriptors that can be used to document students' unprofessional behaviour. This study aimed to generate an overview of descriptors for unprofessional behaviour based on research evidence of real-life unprofessional behaviours of medical students. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted searching PubMed, Ebsco/ERIC, Ebsco/PsycINFO and Embase...
September 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914436/chinese-and-indian-women-s-experience-with-alternative-medications-for-menopause-related-symptoms-a-qualitative-analysis
#20
Saw Ohn Mar, Fatehpal Singh Malhi, Syed Hamid Syed Rahim, Myint Myint Soe
OBJECTIVE: To explore women's rationalization for using alternative medications, their experience and view on safety of long-term use. METHODS: Two focus group discussions, involving 5 participants each for Chinese and Indian groups, were conducted separately. Participant's personal information was collected anonymously. The discussion covered 5 areas: determinants for taking medications; reason for choosing alternative medications rather than hormone replacement therapy (HRT); how these medications help them; their view on cost-effectiveness and concerns over long-term use...
September 15, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
keyword
keyword
103723
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"