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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092717/the-culture-war-modern-economics-and-environmental-education-in-the-united-states
#1
Eugene C Hargrove
Teaching ethics in public schools in the United States has been made almost impossible because of the Culture War and Modern Economics. When Catholics began to migrate to the United States in the early nineteenth century, they found that Protestant religion and ethics were taught in public schools and they created their own parochial schools. This controversy has continued for two hundred years. To encourage the Catholics to send their children to the public schools, by 1860 religion and ethics had been removed from the public schools...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092649/new-onset-depression-following-stable-slow-and-rapid-rate-of-prescription-opioid-dose-escalation
#2
Joanne Salas, Jeffrey F Scherrer, Frank David Schneider, Mark D Sullivan, Kathleen K Bucholz, Thomas Burroughs, Laurel A Copeland, Brian K Ahmedani, Patrick J Lustman
Recent studies suggest that longer durations of opioid use, independent of maximum morphine equivalent dose (MED) achieved, is associated with increased risk of new-onset depression (NOD). Conversely, other studies, not accounting for duration, found that higher MED increased probability of depressive symptoms. To determine whether rate of MED increase is associated with NOD, a retrospective cohort analysis of Veterans Health Administration data (2000-2012) was conducted. Eligible patients were new, chronic (>90 days) opioid users, aged 18 to 80, and without depression diagnoses for 2 years before start of follow-up (n = 7051)...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090511/emerging-trends-in-social-media-and-plastic-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Daniel J Gould, Hyuma A Leland, Adelyn L Ho, Ketan M Patel
Social media has increasingly changed the landscape of medicine and surgery and is rapidly expanding its influence in most peoples' lives. The average person spends nearly 2 hours per day using social media, consuming information about everything from family updates to entertainment news to presidential elections. The concentration of consumers on social media platforms has resulted in direct medicine and medical products marketing to consumers. Similarly, social media is increasingly becoming a platform for interaction between physicians and potential patients...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088089/the-traumatic-potential-of-a-projectile-shot-from-a-sling
#4
Igor Borovsky, Zvi Lankovsky, Leonid Kalichman, Victor Belkin
Herein, we analyze the energy parameters of stones of various weights and shapes shot from a sling and based on this data evaluate its traumatic potential. Four police officers proficient in the use of a sling participated in the trials. The following projectile types, shot using an overhead technique at a target 100m away were: round steel balls of different sizes and weights (24mm, 57g; 32mm, 135g; 38mm, 227g); different shaped stones weighing 100-150g and 150-200g and a golf ball (47g). Our data indicated that projectiles shot from unconventional weapons such as a sling, have serious traumatic potential for unprotected individuals and can cause blunt trauma of moderate to critical severity such as fractures of the trunk, limb, and facial skull bone, depending on the weight and shape of the projectile and the distance from the source of danger...
October 26, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087169/antibiotic-knowledge-and-self-medication-practices-in-a-developing-country-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Antoun Jamhour, Ammar El-Kheir, Pascale Salameh, Pierre Abi Hanna, Hanine Mansour
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is identified by the World Health Organization as a major factor leading to antibiotics overuse, misuse and resistance. This study's objectives were to evaluate the knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics in a sample of the population of Lebanon. METHODS: This study surveyed a sample of adults (over 18 years of age) residing in 2 major cities in Lebanon about their knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics. Health care professionals were excluded from the study...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087060/personality-in-parkinson-s-disease-clinical-behavioural-and-cognitive-correlates
#6
REVIEW
Gabriella Santangelo, Fausta Piscopo, Paolo Barone, Carmine Vitale
Affective disorders and personality changes have long been considered pre-motor aspects of Parkinson's disease (PD). Many authors have used the term "premorbid personality" to define distinctive features of PD patients' personality characterized by reduced exploration of new environmental stimuli or potential reward sources ("novelty seeking") and avoidance behaviour ("harm avoidance") present before motor features. The functional correlates underlying the personality changes described in PD, implicate dysfunction of meso-cortico-limbic and striatal circuits...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081330/experiential-avoidance-empathy-and-anger-related-attitudesin-antisocial-personality-disorder
#7
Kaasım Fatih Yavuz, Oktay Şahin, Sevinç Ulusoy, Okan Ufuk İpek, Erhan Kurt
BACKGROUND/AIM: In prevailing opinion, a strong relation exists between lack of empathy and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). However, recent data fail to wholly clarify this relation, especially in consideration of empathy dimensions. In this study our aim was to address ASPD and social functionality from a contextual behavioral science viewpoint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted with a sample of 34 individuals with ASPD and 32 healthy individuals as the control group...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077035/nurses-online-behaviour-lessons-for-the-nursing-profession
#8
Janet Green
Social networking has become an extremely popular online activity, however like many activities on the internet, there are some privacy risks and concerns associated with its use. In recent years an increasing number of nurses have been censured or asked to appear before regulatory or registering authorities for unprofessional behaviour on social media sites. Problem behaviours identified include: inappropriate content and postings, crossing professional boundaries and breaching patient privacy and confidentiality...
January 12, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076965/predictors-of-burnout-and-health-status-in-samaritans-listening-volunteers
#9
Adeline Roche, Jane Ogden
Samaritan listening volunteers provide emotional support to people in distress or suicidal. Samaritans' has high volunteer turnover, which may be due to burnout. This study evaluated the role of demographic and psychosocial factors in predicting Samaritans listening volunteers' burnout and health status. Samaritans' listening volunteers (n = 216) from seven branches across UK completed an online survey to assess their levels of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, personal accomplishment), subjective health status, coping, empathy and social support...
January 11, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076439/predictors-of-student-productivity-in-biomedical-graduate-school-applications
#10
Joshua D Hall, Anna B O'Connell, Jeanette G Cook
Many US biomedical PhD programs receive more applications for admissions than they can accept each year, necessitating a selective admissions process. Typical selection criteria include standardized test scores, undergraduate grade point average, letters of recommendation, a resume and/or personal statement highlighting relevant research or professional experience, and feedback from interviews with training faculty. Admissions decisions are often founded on assumptions that these application components correlate with research success in graduate school, but these assumptions have not been rigorously tested...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075363/maternal-and-child-health-of-internally-displaced-persons-in-ukraine-a-qualitative-study
#11
Svitlana Nidzvetska, Jose M Rodriguez-Llanes, Isabelle Aujoulat, Julita Gil Cuesta, Hannah Tappis, Joris A F van Loenhout, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Due to the conflict that started in spring 2014 in Eastern Ukraine, a total of 1.75 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) fled the area and have been registered in government-controlled areas of the country. This paper explores perceived health, barriers to access to healthcare, caring practices, food security, and overall financial situation of mothers and young children displaced by the conflict in Ukraine. This is a qualitative study, which collected data through semi-structured in-depth interviews with nine IDP mothers via Skype and Viber with a convenience sample of participants selected through snowball technique...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071894/noninvasive-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-with-raman-spectroscopy
#12
Rishikesh Pandey, Santosh Kumar Paidi, Tulio A Valdez, Chi Zhang, Nicolas Spegazzini, Ramachandra Rao Dasari, Ishan Barman
The successful development of a noninvasive blood glucose sensor that can operate reliably over sustained periods of time has been a much sought after but elusive goal in diabetes management. Since diabetes has no well-established cure, control of elevated glucose levels is critical for avoiding severe secondary health complications in multiple organs including the retina, kidney and vasculature. While fingerstick testing continues to be the mainstay of blood glucose detection, advances in electrochemical sensing-based minimally invasive approaches have opened the door for alternate methods that would considerably improve the quality of life for people with diabetes...
January 10, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069493/-just-wear-dark-underpants-mainly-learning-from-adolescents-and-young-adults-experiences-with-early-discontinuation-of-the-contraceptive-implant
#13
Britt Lunde, Lisa Littman, Samantha Stimmel, Rima Rana, Adam Jacobs, Carol R Horowitz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Long acting reversible contraception, including the contraceptive implant, is recommended for teens and young women. However, some young women discontinue the implant early, and we seek to better understand their experiences. DESIGN: / Setting / Participants: We conducted interviews with 16 females ages 14 to 24 presenting for removal of the contraceptive implant within 6 months after placement at out-patient adolescent, family medicine and obstetrics and gynecology clinics...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069472/semi-quantitative-real-time-pcr-a-useful-approach-to-identify-persons-with-low-replicative-chronic-hepatitis-b
#14
Joany Castéra-Guy, Pierre-Alain Rubbo, Dramane Kania, Maud Lemoine, Philippe Van de Perre, Edouard Tuaillon
Antiviral therapy can be avoided during the low replicative phase of chronic Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection which is characterized notably by HBV DNA concentration below 2000 IU/ml. Simplified diagnostic tests can improve access to HBV DNA monitoring in resource-limited settings. The capacity of a new semi-quantitative real-time PCR approach based on sample-to-standard relative detection of the target to discriminate samples with HBV DNA levels above or below the clinical threshold of 2000 IU/ml was compared to a quantitative assay (Roche CobasAmpliPrep/CobasTaqMan HBV Test v2...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068503/talking-about-god-with-trauma-survivors
#15
Colin A Ross
Severe, chronic childhood trauma commonly results in a set of negative core self-beliefs. These include blaming the self for the abuse, feeling unworthy and unlovable, believing the world would be better off if one committed suicide, and believing that one does not deserve peace or happiness. Linked to these cognitive errors are beliefs that one is not worthy of God's love, that God wanted the person to be abused, and that the person can avoid God's judgment if she does not go to church. Strategies for dealing with these cognitive errors about God are presented within the context of a secular psychotherapy...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061915/prevalence-predictors-and-prevention-of-motion-sickness-in-zero-g-parabolic-flights
#16
John F Golding, Aurore C Paillard, Hervé Normand, Stéphane Besnard, Pierre Denise
INTRODUCTION: Zero-G parabolic flight reproduces the weightlessness of space for short periods. However, motion sickness may affect some fliers. The aim was to assess the extent of this problem and to find possible predictors and modifying factors. METHODS: Airbus zero-G flights consist of 31 parabolas performed in blocks. Each parabola consisted of 20 s of 0 g sandwiched by 20 s of hypergravity of 1.5-1.8 g. The survey covered N = 246 person-flights (193 men, 53 women), ages (M ± SD) 36...
January 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060583/the-use-of-vignettes-to-empower-effective-responses-to-attempted-sexual-assault
#17
Kaylie T Allen, Elizabeth A Meadows
OBJECTIVE: Women assertively resisting sexual aggression have the best chances of avoiding completed rape. Especially with acquaintances, there are significant social and psychological barriers to resistance. Novel vignettes depicting acquaintance rape were designed to enhance self-efficacy, reduce unrealistic optimism, and empower assertive resistance. PARTICIPANTS: The data were collected using a Web-based survey of 449 female college students from multiple universities in August-October 2014...
January 6, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060052/evaluating-the-effects-of-pioneer-accountable-care-organizations-on-medicare-part-d-drug-spending-and-utilization
#18
Yuting Zhang, Kadin J Caines, Christopher A Powers
BACKGROUND: The improvement of medication use is a critical mechanism that accountable care organization (ACO) could use to save overall costs. Currently pharmaceutical spending is not part of the calculation for ACO-shared savings and risks. Thus, ACO providers may have strong incentives to prescribe more medications hoping to avoid expensive downstream medical costs. METHODS: We designed a quasinatural experiment study to evaluate the effects of Pioneer ACOs on Medicare Part D spending and utilization...
January 3, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058855/the-first-year-after-diagnosis-psychological-impact-on-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
M F Possa, E Minacapelli, S Canale, G Comi, V Martinelli, M Falautano
The impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) diagnosis on newly diagnosed individuals remains so far little explored. Our aim is to outline affective, personality and quality of life (QoL) correlates of MS patients shortly after MS diagnosis. Thirty-eight (22 F and 16 M) newly-diagnosed MS patients (mean interval from diagnosis communication 4.7 ± 3.8 months, range 1-12 months) underwent the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale and a comprehensive psychological evaluation: Beck Depression Inventory-II, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Psychophysiological Questionnaire-Revised, Fear Survey Schedule, Maudsley Obsessional-Compulsive Questionnaire, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Personal Meaning Questionnaire, Problem Solving Inventory and Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54...
January 6, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058288/variations-in-weight-stigma-concerns
#20
Jessica E Cornick, Cambridge Teter, Andrew K Thaw
Over the past 40 years, obesity rates in the United States have grown significantly; these rates have not grown uniformly across the United States (18 of the 20 counties with the highest obesity rates are located in the South). Obesity increases cardiovascular disease risk factors and new research has highlighted the negative psychological effects of obesity, known as weight stigma, including decreased selfcontrol resources, over eating, and exercise avoidance. The primary objective of this study was to determine if weight stigma concerns varied regionally and if social behaviors influenced this variation...
December 9, 2016: Health Psychology Research
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