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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777092/seroprevalence-of-brucellosis-in-butchers-veterinarians-and-slaughterhouse-workers-in-hamadan-western-iran
#1
Mojgan Mamani, Mohammad Mehdi Majzoobi, Fariba Keramat, Nesa Varmaghani, Abbas Moghimbeigi
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella species via infected domestic animals. In endemic areas, certain occupations such as veterinarians, butchers, and slaughterhouse workers are considered high risk regarding brucellosis. We evaluated the seroprevalence of brucellosis in high-risk occupations in Hamadan, West of Iran. STUDY DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Overall, 218 participants from 2014 to 2015 were enrolled...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776430/recurrent-bilateral-mycobacterium-bovis-necrotizing-epididymitis-a-case-report
#2
Simon Grandjean-Lapierre, Simon-Djamel Thiberville, Mustapha Fellag, Christophe Eghazarian, Feriel Bouzid, Christina Gavril, Michel Drancourt
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium bovis causing tuberculosis in animals is responsible for zoonotic tuberculosis in patients. Veterinary control measures and milk pasteurization has led to a significant decrease in human cases of M. bovis infections in developed countries. CASE PRESENTATION: We diagnosed recurrent M. bovis epididymitis in a 63-year old Caucasian man without any signs of pulmonary or disseminated disease. Relevant epidemiological expositions included camel milk drinking during prolonged travels in Niger, prior to initial clinical manifestations...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774848/human-pasteurella-multocida-infection-with-likely-zoonotic-transmission-from-a-pet-dog-spain
#3
Fátima Abreu, Carlos Rodríguez-Lucas, M Rosario Rodicio, Ana I Vela, José Francisco Fernández-Garayzábal, Pilar S Leiva, Fernando Cuesta, Dolores Cid, Javier Fernández
We report a case of urinary tract infection caused by an unusual genotype (sequence type 211) of Pasteurella multocida associated with human infection. Molecular genetic analysis of P. multocida isolates obtained from the human patient and his pet strongly suggests a zoonotic transmission of this bacterium.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774846/occupation-associated-fatal-limbic-encephalitis-caused-by-variegated-squirrel-bornavirus-1-germany-2013
#4
Dennis Tappe, Kore Schlottau, Daniel Cadar, Bernd Hoffmann, Lorenz Balke, Burkhard Bewig, Donata Hoffmann, Philip Eisermann, Helmut Fickenscher, Andi Krumbholz, Helmut Laufs, Monika Huhndorf, Maria Rosenthal, Walter Schulz-Schaeffer, Gabriele Ismer, Sven-Kevin Hotop, Mark Brönstrup, Anthonina Ott, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Martin Beer
Limbic encephalitis is commonly regarded as an autoimmune-mediated disease. However, after the recent detection of zoonotic variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 in a Prevost's squirrel (Callosciurus prevostii) in a zoo in northern Germany, we retrospectively investigated a fatal case in an autoantibody-seronegative animal caretaker who had worked at that zoo. The virus had been discovered in 2015 as the cause of a cluster of cases of fatal encephalitis among breeders of variegated squirrels (Sciurus variegatoides) in eastern Germany...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774838/rickettsia-parkeri-in-dermacentor-parumapertus-ticks-mexico
#5
Sokani Sánchez-Montes, Andrés M López-Pérez, Carmen Guzmán-Cornejo, Pablo Colunga-Salas, Ingeborg Becker, Jesús Delgado-de la Mora, Jesús D Licona-Enríquez, David Delgado-de la Mora, Sandor E Karpathy, Christopher D Paddock, Gerardo Suzán
During a study to identify zoonotic pathogens in northwestern Mexico, we detected the presence of a rickettsial agent in Dermacentor parumapertus ticks from black-tailed jackrabbits (Lepus californicus). Comparison of 4 gene sequences (gltA, htrA, ompA, and ompB) of this agent showed 99%-100% identity with sequences of Rickettsia parkeri.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774832/intense-focus-of-alveolar-echinococcosis-south-kyrgyzstan
#6
Bakhadyr Bebezov, Nurlan Mamashev, Tilek Umetaliev, Iskender Ziadinov, Philip S Craig, Deborah E Joekel, Peter Deplazes, Felix Grimm, Paul R Torgerson
Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a highly pathogenic zoonotic parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus multilocularis. An ultrasound study in southern Kyrgyzstan during 2012 revealed a prevalence of 4.2% probable or confirmed AE and an additional 2.2% possible AE, representing an emerging situation. The risk for probable or confirmed AE was significantly higher in dog owners.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774831/urban-wild-boars-and-risk-for-zoonotic-streptococcus-suis-spain
#7
Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Marcelo Gottschalk, Virginia Aragon, Jordi Càmara, Carmen Ardanuy, Roser Velarde, Nuria Galofré-Milà, Raquel Castillo-Contreras, Jorge R López-Olvera, Gregorio Mentaberre, Andreu Colom-Cadena, Santiago Lavín, Oscar Cabezón
Urban wild boars (Sus scrofa) from Barcelona, Spain, harbor great diversity of Streptococcus suis strains, including strains with the cps2 gene and with the same molecular profile as local human cases. The increasing trend of potential effective contacts for S. suis transmission is of public health concern.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774297/parasitic-and-zoonotic-meningoencephalitis-in-humans-and-equids-current-knowledge-and-the-role-of-halicephalobus-gingivalis
#8
REVIEW
ThankGod E Onyiche, Theresa O Okute, Oluwasina S Oseni, Dennis O Okoro, Abdullahi A Biu, Albert W Mbaya
Halicephalobus gingivalis is a saprophytic nematode parasite that causes a rare form of fatal meningoencephalomyelitis in equids, humans, and ruminants. This nematode has neurotropic activity, but has also been found in the kidney, liver, lungs, optic nerves and even heart of its host. Despite the zoonotic potential and severity of the disease, the epidemiology, pathogenesis, life cycle, and risk factors are poorly understood. Cases have been reported from several countries in Europe countries and North America but none is recorded in Africa except Egypt...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774294/seroprevalence-and-awareness-of-porcine-cysticercosis-across-different-pig-production-systems-in-south-central-cambodia
#9
Aderosoye Adenuga, Ana Mateus, Chhay Ty, Khieu Borin, Davun Holl, Sorn San, Victoria Duggan, Madeleine Clark, Gavin J D Smith, Richard Coker, Andrew Vaughn, James W Rudge
Background: Taeniasis/cysticercosis, caused by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium , represents an important public health and economic burden in endemic countries. However, there is a paucity of data on infection among pigs in many parts of Southeast Asia, particularly Cambodia. We aimed to estimate seroprevalence of porcine cysticercosis, and investigate husbandary practices and knowledge of the disease among livestock workers, across different pig sector units in south-central Cambodia...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774287/prevalence-of-gastrointestinal-helminth-infections-of-dog-in-enugu-state-south-eastern-nigeria
#10
I K Idika, E C Onuorah, C F Obi, P U Umeakuana, C O Nwosu, D N Onah, S N Chiejina
The prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth infections of dog in Enugu State, South Eastern Nigeria was studied retrospectively and prospectively. In the retrospective study, records of all diagnosed helminth infections of dogs brought to the University of Nigeria Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Nsukka from January, 2006 to September 2013 were collated and analyzed. The prospective study was carried out between October 2013 and July 2014 by examination of 263 faecal samples collected per rectum from dogs presented to a purposively selected Veterinary Clinics in Enugu metropolis and the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka...
August 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773639/draft-genome-sequence-of-streptococcus-suis-strain-ssrc-1-a-human-isolate-from-a-fatal-case-of-toxic-shock-syndrome
#11
Silvia Fillo, Fabiola Mancini, Anna Anselmo, Antonella Fortunato, Giovanni Rezza, Florigio Lista, Alessandra Ciervo
Streptococcus suis is an economically important pathogen in the pig industry and is also an emerging zoonotic agent responsible for severe infections in humans. Here, we report the genome sequence of S. suis strain SsRC-1. Specifically, this strain was a serotype 2 and was isolated from a human fatal case of toxic shock syndrome (TSS) in Italy.
May 17, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773625/complete-genome-sequences-of-the-potential-zoonotic-pathogens-staphylococcus-felis-and-staphylococcus-kloosii
#12
Anne Caroline Mascarenhas Dos Santos, Ruili Jie, Helena Antunes Godoy, Manuela Alves, Jean-François Pombert
Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are opportunistic pathogens frequently encountered in nosocomial infections. Animal-associated CoNS pose a zoonotic risk and constitute a potential reservoir for virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes. To improve our knowledge of animal-associated CoNS, we sequenced the complete genomes of Staphylococcus felis (ATCC 49168) and Staphylococcus kloosii (ATCC 43959).
May 17, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773132/leishmania-in-wolves-in-northern-spain-a-spreading-zoonosis-evidenced-by-wildlife-sanitary-surveillance
#13
Alvaro Oleaga, Stefania Zanet, Alberto Espí, Marcia Raquel Pegoraro de Macedo, Christian Gortázar, Ezio Ferroglio
Leishmaniosis is, to date, considered the second most important emerging vector-borne protozoal disease in the world after malaria. The form of zoonotic visceral leishmaniosis found in the Mediterranean basin is caused by Leishmania infantum, and its life cycle includes the domestic dog and a phlebotomine sandfly vector. This complex epidemiological cycle and its high prevalence of subclinical infection, hinder the surveillance and control of L. infantum, and allows it to go unnoticed at the geographical endemicity limits of the parasite or in recently colonized areas...
May 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772399/characterization-of-a-g10p-14-rotavirus-strain-from-a-diarrheic-child-in-thailand-evidence-for-bovine-to-human-zoonotic-transmission
#14
Ratana Tacharoenmuang, Satoshi Komoto, Ratigorn Guntapong, Tomihiko Ide, Phakapun Singchai, Sompong Upachai, Saori Fukuda, Yumika Yoshida, Takayuki Murata, Tetsushi Yoshikawa, Kriangsak Ruchusatsawat, Kazushi Motomura, Naokazu Takeda, Somchai Sangkitporn, Koki Taniguchi
An unusual rotavirus strain, DB2015-066 with the G10P[14] genotype (RVA/Human-wt/THA/dB2015-066/2015/G10P[14]), was detected in a stool sample from a child hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Thailand. Here, we sequenced and characterized the full-genome of the strain DB2015-066. On whole genomic analysis, strain DB2015-066 was shown to have a unique genotype constellation: G10-P[14]-I2-R2-C2-M2-A3-N2-T6-E2-H3. The backbone genes of this strain (I2-R2-C2-M2-A3-N2-T6-E2-H3) are commonly found in rotavirus strains from artiodactyls such as cattle...
May 14, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771992/first-description-of-echinococcus-ortleppi-and-cystic-echinococcosis-infection-status-in-chile
#15
Felipe Corrêa, Caroll Stoore, Pamina Horlacher, Mauricio Jiménez, Christian Hidalgo, Cristian A Alvarez Rojas, Guilherme Figueiredo Barros, Henrique Bunselmeyer Ferreira, Marcela Hernández, Gonzalo Cabrera, Rodolfo Paredes
Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a parasitic disease caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.), is a worldwide zoonotic infection. Although endemic in Chile, information on the molecular characteristics of CE in livestock remains scarce. Therefore we aimed to describe the status of infection with E. granulosus s.l. in cattle from central Chile and also to contribute to the study of the molecular epidemiology of this parasite. According to our results, the prevalence of CE is 18.84% in cattle, similar to previous reports from Chile, suggesting that the prevalence in Santiago Metropolitan area has not changed in the last 30 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770324/one-health-integration-a-proposed-framework-for-a-study-on-veterinarians-and-zoonotic-disease-management-in-ghana
#16
Sophie Françoise Valeix
In parallel with the recent world-wide promotion of One Health (OH) as a policy concept, a growing body of social science studies has raised questions about how successful OH policies and programs have been in managing some global health issues, such as zoonotic diseases. This paper briefly reviews this literature to clarify its critical perspective. Much of the literature on OH also is focused on health management at an international level and has paid less attention to implementation programs and policies for OH at the national and local levels, especially in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs)...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770135/mucosal-immunity-and-protective-efficacy-of-intranasal-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-is-improved-by-chitosan-nanoparticle-delivery-in-pigs
#17
Santosh Dhakal, Sankar Renu, Shristi Ghimire, Yashavanth Shaan Lakshmanappa, Bradley T Hogshead, Ninoshkaly Feliciano-Ruiz, Fangjia Lu, Harm HogenEsch, Steven Krakowka, Chang Won Lee, Gourapura J Renukaradhya
Annually, swine influenza A virus (SwIAV) causes severe economic loss to swine industry. Currently used inactivated SwIAV vaccines administered by intramuscular injection provide homologous protection, but limited heterologous protection against constantly evolving field viruses, attributable to the induction of inadequate levels of mucosal IgA and cellular immune responses in the respiratory tract. A novel vaccine delivery platform using mucoadhesive chitosan nanoparticles (CNPs) administered through intranasal (IN) route has the potential to elicit strong mucosal and systemic immune responses in pigs...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770048/synopsis-lyme-disease-in-canada-a-federal-framework
#18
(no author information available yet)
The Federal Framework on Lyme Disease Act required the federal government to develop a Federal Framework on Lyme Disease. To do this, the Public Health Agency of Canada held a conference with a wide variety of stakeholders who shared their experiences with Lyme disease, and discussed current knowledge and research. A draft version of the Framework was publicly posted on Canada.ca for a 30-day public consultation period. The final report, Lyme Disease in Canada: A Federal Framework was released in May 2017. The Framework includes the three pillars of surveillance; education and awareness; and guidelines and best practices...
October 5, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768530/ns1-codon-usage-adaptation-to-humans-in-pandemic-zika-virus
#19
Caio César de Melo Freire, Giuseppe Palmisano, Carla T Braconi, Fernanda R Cugola, Fabiele B Russo, Patricia Cb Beltrão-Braga, Atila Iamarino, Daniel Ferreira de Lima Neto, Amadou Alpha Sall, Livia Rosa-Fernandes, Martin R Larsen, Paolo Marinho de Andrade Zanotto
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) was recognised as a zoonotic pathogen in Africa and southeastern Asia. Human infections were infrequently reported until 2007, when the first known epidemic occurred in Micronesia. After 2013, the Asian lineage of ZIKV spread along the Pacific Islands and Americas, causing severe outbreaks with millions of human infections. The recent human infections of ZIKV were also associated with severe complications, such as an increase in cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome and the emergence of congenital Zika syndrome...
May 10, 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768505/multi-site-evaluation-of-the-ln34-pan-lyssavirus-real-time-rt-pcr-assay-for-post-mortem-rabies-diagnostics
#20
Crystal M Gigante, Lisa Dettinger, James W Powell, Melanie Seiders, Rene Edgar Condori Condori, Richard Griesser, Kenneth Okogi, Maria Carlos, Kendra Pesko, Mike Breckenridge, Edson Michael M Simon, Maria Yna Joyce V Chu, April D Davis, Scott J Brunt, Lillian Orciari, Pamela Yager, William C Carson, Claire Hartloge, Jeremiah T Saliki, Susan Sanchez, Mojgan Deldari, Kristina Hsieh, Ashutosh Wadhwa, Kimberly Wilkins, Veronica Yung Peredo, Patricia Rabideau, Nina Gruhn, Rolain Cadet, Shrikrishna Isloor, Sujith S Nath, Tomy Joseph, Jinxin Gao, Ryan Wallace, Mary Reynolds, Victoria A Olson, Yu Li
Rabies is a fatal zoonotic disease that requires fast, accurate diagnosis to prevent disease in an exposed individual. The current gold standard for post-mortem diagnosis of human and animal rabies is the direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) test. While the DFA test has proven sensitive and reliable, it requires high quality antibody conjugates, a skilled technician, a fluorescence microscope and diagnostic specimen of sufficient quality. The LN34 pan-lyssavirus real-time RT-PCR assay represents a strong candidate for rabies post-mortem diagnostics due to its ability to detect RNA across the diverse Lyssavirus genus, its high sensitivity, its potential for use with deteriorated tissues, and its simple, easy to implement design...
2018: PloS One
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