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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719963/prevalence-of-hymenolepis-nana-and-h-diminuta-from-brown-rats-rattus-norvegicus-in-heilongjiang-province-china
#1
Di Yang, Wei Zhao, Yichi Zhang, Aiqin Liu
Hymenolepis nana and Hymenolepis diminuta are globally widespread zoonotic cestodes. Rodents are the main reservoir host of these cestodes. Brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) are the best known and most common rats, and usually live wherever humans live, especially in less than desirable hygiene conditions. Due to the little information of the 2 hymenolepidid species in brown rats in China, the aim of this study was to understand the prevalence and genetic characterization of H. nana and H. diminuta in brown rats in Heilongjiang Province, China...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719957/four-human-cases-of-diphyllobothrium-nihonkaiense-eucestoda-diphyllobothriidae-in-china-with-a-brief-review-of-chinese-cases
#2
Yu-Chun Cai, Shao-Hong Chen, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Jia-Xu Chen, Yan Lu, Yong-Nian Zhang, Hao Li, Lin Ai, Hai-Ning Chen
We described 4 human infection cases of zoonotic fish-tapeworm, Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense, identified with morphological and molecular characters and briefly reviewed Chinese cases in consideration of it as an emerging parasitic disease in China. The scolex and mature and gravid proglottids of some cases were seen, a rosette-shaped uterus was observed in the middle of the mature and gravid proglottids, and the diphyllobothriid eggs were yellowish-brown in color and displayed a small knob or abopercular protuberance on the opposite end of a lid-like opening...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719770/household-exposure-to-livestock-and-health-in-the-chililab-hdss-cohort-vietnam
#3
Sinh Dang-Xuan, Lauren E MacDonald, Janna M Schurer, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Phuc Pham-Duc
In Vietnam, pigs and poultry are predominantly produced by small-scale farmers, creating challenges for zoonotic disease management. The objective of this study was to characterize practices related to livestock and manure management and to measure association with 3 self-reported health symptoms (coughing, fever, and diarrhea/nausea/vomiting) in a region currently undergoing health transitions. We analyzed cross-sectional survey data collected from a subset (N = 5520) of the Chi Linh Health and Demographic Surveillance System cohort in Chi Linh district, Vietnam...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719258/impact-of-a-food-safety-campaign-on-streptococcus-suis-infection-in-humans-in-thailand
#4
Dan Takeuchi, Anusak Kerdsin, Yukihiro Akeda, Piphat Chiranairadul, Phacharaphan Loetthong, Nutchada Tanburawong, Prasanee Areeratana, Panarat Puangmali, Kasean Khamisara, Wirasinee Pinyo, Rapeepun Anukul, Sutit Samerchea, Punpong Lekhalula, Tatsuya Nakayama, Kouji Yamamoto, Masayo Hirose, Shigeyuki Hamada, Surang Dejsirilert, Kazunori Oishi
AbstractStreptococcus suis is an important zoonotic pathogen in swine and humans that causes sepsis and meningitis. Our previous study in Thailand showed that the prevalence of S. suis infection in humans, especially in northern areas of Thailand, and the transmission of the pathogen occurred mainly through the consumption of traditional raw pork products. Considering the high incidence proportion and mortality rate of the disease as an important public health problem, we implemented a food safety campaign in the Phayao Province in northern Thailand in 2011...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718270/salmonella-infection-amongst-food-workers-in-lahore
#5
Sajjad Ullah, Saira Bashir, Akif Qasim
This descriptive observational study was conducted at Pathology lab Jinnah hospital, Lahore, January 2013 to October 2015. We include all the food workers in different restaurants, slaughters, inn, recreation centre and bakeries of Lahore for the purpose to identify the salmonella infection, we used Typhoid IgGI/IgM Rapid test device methods (Serum/Plasma), is a lateral flow chromatographic immunoassay technique were calculated. We analysed 1025 individuals, 62 (6%) were found positive for the said diseases out of which 14 (1...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717851/multidrug-resistant-salmonellae-isolated-in-japanese-quails-reared-in-abeokuta-nigeria
#6
Ezekiel O Omoshaba, F O Olufemi, O E Ojo, A O Sonibare, M Agbaje
Salmonellosis is a major bacterial disease causing huge economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. This study was carried out to determine the period prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella enterica in Japanese quails in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Four hundred cloacal swabs of quail birds were collected from 4 locations within Abeokuta. Salmonella was isolated from the samples using conventional methods for selective isolation of Salmonella and biochemical identification. Isolates were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction assays for the amplification and detection of Salmonella-associated virulence genes (invA and stn) using specific primers...
July 17, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716157/advances-and-challenges-in-barcoding-pathogenic-and-environmental-leptospira
#7
Vanina Guernier, Kathryn J Allan, Cyrille Goarant
Leptospirosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease of global importance. A large spectrum of asymptomatic animal hosts can carry the infection and contribute to the burden of human disease. Environmental sources of human contamination also point to the importance of a hydrotelluric reservoir. Leptospirosis can be caused by as many as 15 different pathogenic or intermediate Leptospira species. However, classification of these bacteria remains complicated through the use of both serological and genetic classification systems that show poor correlation...
July 18, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715408/potential-risk-factors-associated-with-human-alveolar-echinococcosis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Franz J Conraths, Carolina Probst, Alessia Possenti, Belgees Boufana, Rosella Saulle, Giuseppe La Torre, Luca Busani, Adriano Casulli
BACKGROUND: Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a severe zoonotic disease caused by the metacestode stage of Echinococcus multilocularis. AE is commonly associated with a long incubation period that may last for more than ten years. The objective of this systematic literature review was to identify and summarize the current knowledge on statistically relevant potential risk factors (PRFs) associated with AE in humans. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Six bibliographic databases were searched, generating a total of 1,009 publications...
July 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715152/demographic-and-ecological-risk-factors-for-human-influenza-a-virus-infections-in-rural-indonesia
#9
Elisabeth Dowling Root, Dwi Agustian, Cissy Kartasasmita, Timothy M Uyeki, Eric A F Simões
BACKGROUND: Indonesia has the world's highest reported mortality for human infections with highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N1) virus. Indonesia is an agriculturally-driven country where human-animal mixing is common and provides a unique environment for zoonotic influenza A virus transmission. OBJECTIVES: To identify potential demographic and ecological risk factors for human infection with seasonal influenza A viruses in rural Indonesia, a population-based study was conducted in Cileunyi and Soreang sub-districts near Bandung in western Java from 2008 to 2011...
July 17, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714127/high-hepatitis-e-virus-antibody-positive-rates-in-dogs-and-humans-exposed-to-dogs-in-the-south-west-of-china
#10
M Y Zeng, H Gao, X X Yan, W J Qu, Y K Sun, G W Fu, Y L Yan
Hepatitis E (HE) is a zoonotic viral disease caused by hepatitis E virus (HEV). The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of HEV infection among dogs and humans exposed to dogs in the south-west region of China. A total of 4,490 dog serum samples and 2,206 relative practitioner serum samples were collected from 18 pet hospitals and dog farms in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou province, and the anti-HEV IgG antibodies were detected by ELISA. The results showed that the total positive rate of anti-HEV antibodies was 36...
July 16, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713359/exploring-the-diversity-of-field-strains-of-brucella-abortus-biovar-3-isolated-in-west-africa
#11
Moussa Sanogo, David Fretin, Eric Thys, Claude Saegerman
Brucellosis is one of the most widespread bacterial zoonotic diseases in the world, affecting both humans and domestic and wild animals. Identification and biotyping of field strains of Brucella are of key importance for a better knowledge of the epidemiology of brucellosis, for identifying appropriate antigens, for managing disease outbreaks and for setting up efficient preventive and control programmes. Such data are required both at national and regional level to assess potential threats for public health...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710350/environmental-surveillance-identifies-multiple-introductions-of-mrsa-cc398-in-an-equine-veterinary-hospital-in-the-uk-2011-2016
#12
Alessio Bortolami, Nicola J Williams, Catherine M McGowan, Padraig G Kelly, Debra C Archer, Michela Corrò, Gina Pinchbeck, Christine J Saunders, Dorina Timofte
Bacterial environmental and surgical site infection (SSI) surveillance was implemented from 2011-2016 in a UK Equine Referral Veterinary Hospital and identified 81 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates. A cluster of MRSA SSIs occurred in early 2016 with the isolates confirmed as ST398 by multilocus sequence typing (MLST), which prompted retrospective analysis of all MRSA isolates obtained from the environment (n = 62), SSIs (n = 13) and hand plates (n = 6) in the past five years...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710271/novel-alphacoronaviruses-and-paramyxoviruses-co-circulate-with-type-1-and-sars-related-betacoronaviruses-in-synanthropic-bats-in-luxembourg
#13
Maude Pauly, Jacques B Pir, Catherine Loesch, Aurélie Sausy, Chantal J Snoeck, Judith M Hübschen, Claude P Muller
Several infectious disease outbreaks with high mortality in humans have been attributed to viruses that are thought to have evolved from bat viruses. In this study from Luxembourg, the genetic diversity and epidemiology of paramyxoviruses and coronaviruses shed by the bat species Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and Myotis emarginatus was evaluated. Faeces collection (n= 624) was performed longitudinally in a mixed-species colony in 2015 and 2016. In addition, faeces (n= 254) were collected cross-sectionally from six Myotis emarginatus colonies in 2016...
July 14, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710265/francisella-like-endosymbionts-and-rickettsia-species-in-local-and-imported-hyalomma-ticks
#14
Tal Azagi, Eyal Klement, Gidon Perlman, Yaniv Lustig, Kosta Y Mumcuoglu, Dmitry Apanaskevich, Yuval Gottlieb
Hyalomma ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are hosts for Francisella like endosymbionts (FLE) and may serve as vectors of zoonotic disease agents. This study was aimed to provide initial characterization of the interaction between Hyalomma and FLE and to determine the prevalence of pathogenic Rickettsia in these ticks. Hyalomma marginatum, H. rufipes, H. dromedarii, H. aegyptium and H. excavatum ticks, identified morphologically and molecularly, were collected from different hosts and locations, representing the genus distribution in Israel, as well as from migratory birds...
July 14, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707827/cat-scratch-disease-u-s-clinicians-experience-and-knowledge
#15
C A Nelson, A R Moore, A E Perea, P S Mead
Cat scratch disease (CSD) is a zoonotic infection caused primarily by the bacterium Bartonella henselae. An estimated 12,000 outpatients and 500 inpatients are diagnosed with CSD annually, yet little is known regarding clinician experience with and treatment of CSD in the United States. Questions assessing clinical burden, treatment and prevention of CSD were posed to 3,011 primary care providers (family practitioners, internists, paediatricians and nurse practitioners) during 2014-2015 as part of the annual nationwide DocStyles survey...
July 14, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706896/growth-characterization-of-single-and-double-salmonella-methionine-auxotroph-strains-for-potential-vaccine-use-in-poultry
#16
Peter Rubinelli, Sun Ae Kim, Si Hong Park, C Adam Baker, Steven C Ricke
Poultry meat is an important source of zoonotic Salmonella infection. Oral vaccination of chickens with live attenuated Salmonella during grow-out is an attractive approach to control Salmonella colonization in the chicken gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we report the construction of methionine-dependent and growth of Salmonella Typhimurium mutant strains with methionine auxotrophy (ΔmetR and ΔΔmetRmetD) and survival in chicken feed and fecal matrices. The methionine auxotroph mutant ΔΔmetRmetD grew slowly on L-methionine but failed to grow on D-methionine, as expected, and exhibited lower affinity for methionine compared with the isogenic parent strain (ΔmetR single mutant) in whole-cell affinity experiments...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706393/cotrimoxazole-a-wonder-drug-in-the-era-of-multiresistance-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Priyam Batra, Vishant Deo, Purva Mathur, Amit Kumar Gupta
Antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest threats to human health worldwide. The rate of development of newer antibiotics is much slower than the rate of development of antibiotic resistance. A survey reported that it takes 15 years and US$800 million (including preclinical and clinical costs) to bring a single drug to the market, whereas the reuse of the older drugs for antimicrobial use takes $17 million, thereby circumventing 40% of the overall cost. The first case is a patient with nosocomial pyrexia of unknown origin who was given treatment with tigecycline and cefepime/tazobactam but failed to respond to the same...
July 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705255/filarioid-infections-in-wild-carnivores-a-multispecies-survey-in-romania
#18
Angela Monica Ionică, Ioana Adriana Matei, Gianluca D'Amico, Jana Ababii, Aikaterini Alexandra Daskalaki, Attila D Sándor, Dorin Valter Enache, Călin Mircea Gherman, Andrei Daniel Mihalca
BACKGROUND: Filarioids are vector-borne parasitic nematodes of vertebrates. In Europe, eight species of filarioids, including zoonotic species, have been reported mainly in domestic dogs, and occasionally in wild carnivores. In Romania, infections with Dirofilaria spp. and Acanthocheilonema reconditum are endemic in domestic dogs. Despite the abundant populations of wild carnivores in the country, their role in the epidemiology of filarioid parasites remains largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to assess the host range, prevalence and distribution of filarioid infections in wild carnivores present in Romania...
July 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705248/prevention-of-feline-leishmaniosis-with-an-imidacloprid-10-flumethrin-4-5-polymer-matrix-collar
#19
Emanuele Brianti, Luigi Falsone, Ettore Napoli, Gabriella Gaglio, Salvatore Giannetto, Maria Grazia Pennisi, Vito Priolo, Maria Stefania Latrofa, Viviana Domenica Tarallo, Fabrizio Solari Basano, Roberto Nazzari, Katrin Deuster, Matthias Pollmeier, Laura Gulotta, Vito Colella, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Gioia Capelli, Domenico Otranto
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is one of the most important vector-borne diseases affecting animals and humans worldwide. Dogs are considered main reservoirs of the zoonotic forms, though in the last years the role of cats as reservoirs has been increasingly investigated. Feline leishmaniosis (FeL) occurs in endemic areas and no specific preventive measures have been investigated so far. In this study the efficacy of a 10% imidacloprid/4.5% flumethrin polymer matrix collar, licensed for tick and flea prevention, has been assessed against FeL in a longitudinal study on 204 privately owned cats from the Aeolian islands (Sicily), an area highly endemic for the disease...
July 14, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702153/neurobrucellosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Jamshid Vafaeimanesh, Alireza Shahamzeh, Mohammad Bagherzadeh
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection which is endemic in many countries. It is a multisystem disease which may present with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and complications. Neurobrucellosis is an uncommon complication of brucellosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old woman with a history of lupus for 5 months referred to the emergency ward of Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Qom due to vertigo, drop attack and a convulsion episode from the previous day...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
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