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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647292/risk-factors-of-refeeding-syndrome-in-malnourished-older-hospitalized-patients
#1
Maryam Pourhassan, Ingeborg Cuvelier, Ilse Gehrke, Christian Marburger, Mirja Katrin Modreker, Dorothee Volkert, Hans-Peter Willschrei, Rainer Wirth
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Despite the high prevalence of malnutrition among older hospitalized persons, it is unknown how many of these malnourished patients are at risk of developing the refeeding syndrome (RFS). In this study, we sought to compare the prevalence and severity of malnutrition among older hospitalized patients with prevalence of known risk factors of RFS. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter-study investigated older participants who were consecutively admitted to the geriatric acute care ward...
June 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642623/predicting-long-term-mortality-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients-using-the-new-espen-definition
#2
Jiaojiao Jiang, Xiaoyi Hu, Jing Chen, Haozhong Wang, Lei Zhang, Birong Dong, Ming Yang
The European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) recently published new diagnostic criteria for malnutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether malnutrition by the new ESPEN diagnostic criteria can predict long-term mortality in elderly inpatients. We conducted a prospective study in the acute geriatric wards. Malnutrition was defined according to the new ESPEN criteria and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), respectively. The survival status was determined by telephone interviews at 3-years...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620308/the-effect-of-interdialytic-combined-resistance-and-aerobic-exercise-training-on-health-related-outcomes-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-the-tunisian-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Bechir Frih, Hamdi Jaafar, Wajdi Mkacher, Zohra Ben Salah, Mohamed Hammami, Ameur Frih
Background: Tunisia has the highest prevalence of hemodialysis patients compared to the other countries in North Africa. Dialysis centers rarely offer an exercise program to prevent physiological and psychological dialysis therapy-related alterations in chronic hemodialysis patients. Aim: To examine the effect of combined endurance-resistance training program on physiological and psychological outcomes in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: We designed a single blinded, randomized, controlled study for a period of 4 months...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611344/plasma-ghrelin-and-leptin-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-its-association-with-nutritional-status
#4
Firas A Ghomraoui, Sami T Alotaibi, Meshal A Alharthi, Saeed S Asiri, Majid A Almadi, Othman R Alharbi, Nahla A Azzam, Abdulrahman M Aljebreen, Maria Saeed, Baraa Hajkhder, Waleed Saeed, Mohammad A Alzoghaibi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ghrelin and leptin are thought to play a role in the loss of appetite in active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study seeks to probe into the association of these markers with regards to IBD and the nutritional status of these patients. A case-control study was conducted between May 2015 and March 2016 at King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH). Thirty-one patients with IBD (both active and non-active) and forty-one healthy controls (both non-fasting and fasting) were recruited...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600505/malnutrition-sarcopenia-syndrome-predicts-mortality-in-hospitalized-older-patients
#5
Xiaoyi Hu, Lei Zhang, Haozhong Wang, Qiukui Hao, Birong Dong, Ming Yang
A new term, malnutrition-sarcopenia syndrome (MSS), was recently coined to describe the clinical presentation of both malnutrition and sarcopenia. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between MSS and long-term mortality in older inpatients. We conducted a prospective study in acute geriatric wards of two local hospitals in China. Muscle mass and malnutrition were estimated by anthropometric measures and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Of the 453 participants, 14 (3.1%) had sarcopenia with normal nutrition, 139 (30...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595900/-study-of-the-nutritional-status-of-patients-over-65-years-included-in-the-home-care-program-in-an-urban-population
#6
Belén Muñoz Díaz, Antonio P Arenas de Larriva, Guillermo Molina-Recio, Rafael Moreno-Rojas, Jorge Martínez de la Iglesia
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the nutritional status of patients older than 65 years included in the home care program (PAD). DESIGN: Croos-sectional study. EMPLACEMENT: 3 urban health centers. PARTICIPANTS: 218 patients in the PAD. METHOD: Mini Nutritional Assessment questionnaire (MNA) was applied. Sociodemographic, anthropometric, dependency, emotional and cognitive status and analytical parameters: 57 variables were collected...
June 5, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592356/use-of-health-resources-and-healthcare-costs-associated-with-nutritional-risk-the-fradea-study
#7
Marta Martínez-Reig, Isaac Aranda-Reneo, Luz M Peña-Longobardo, Juan Oliva-Moreno, Núria Barcons-Vilardell, Emiel O Hoogendijk, Pedro Abizanda
BACKGROUND: In spite of its high prevalence and its clinical relevance, the economic impact of malnutrition has not been sufficiently explored. OBJECTIVE: To study whether malnutrition predicts total hospital healthcare costs and costs related to specialist visits, emergency department visits and hospitalization in older adults. METHODS: Concurrent cohort study in Albacete City, Spain. The study sample included 827 subjects aged 70 and over from the FRADEA Study...
May 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592102/-assessment-of-comprehensive-nutritional-status-and-eating-behavior-among-311-middle-aged-and-aged-women-with-osteoporosis-in-chengdu
#8
R P Zhao, W Z Wang, G P Cheng, H J Zhang, F M Zhou, Y Y Li, C Wu, L Q Yang, G Zeng
Objective: To investigate the comprehensive nutritional status and diet behavior of middle aged and elderly women with osteoporosis, and thereby to explore the relationship between diet behavior and comprehensive nutritional status. Methods: 311 middle-aged and elderly women with osteoporosis in Chengdu were included in this study. Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was applied to assess their comprehensive nutritional status. Information of social-demographic characteristics and diet behavior (about meals, snacks and water drinking, etc...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581701/mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-as-a-useful-method-of-predicting-poor-1-year-outcome-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-orthopedic-surgery
#9
Che-Sheng Chu, Chih-Kuang Liang, Ming-Yueh Chou, Ti Lu, Yu-Te Lin, Chin-Liang Chu
AIM: The present study aimed to determine whether the Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF) can predict the 1-year outcome of orthopedic fracture surgery in elderly patients. METHODS: This 1-year prospective study assessed nutrition using the MNA-SF at baseline, and postoperatively at 6 and 12 months. Repeated measures analysis of covariance was used to examine functional change over time for two MNA-SF categories. Multivariable logistic regression analysis with forward stepwise modeling was carried out to identify risk factors of functional decline, emergency department visit, hospital readmission and mortality at follow up...
June 5, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577607/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-preschool-age-children
#10
REVIEW
Mini Tandon, Alba Pergjika
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder marked by age-inappropriate deficits in attention or hyperactivity/impulsivity that interfere with functioning or development. It is highly correlated with other disorders, such as oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and mood symptoms. The etiology is multifactorial, and neuroimaging findings are nonspecific. Although assessment tools exist, there is variability among them, and historically, parent-teacher agreement has not been consistent...
July 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575227/relationship-between-psychophysiological-responses-to-aversive-odors-and-nutritional-status-during-normal-aging
#11
Pauline Joussain, Camille Ferdenzi, Jelena Djordjevic, Moustafa Bensafi
Psychophysiological responses to disgusting and pleasant smells are one of the most important aspects of olfaction. These emotional signals can constitute an alert against toxic substances, and they may play a major role in food selection and nutritional intake. The aim of this study was to test this hypothesis by examining whether individual physiological responses to odors could predict the subject's nutritional status. Because aging is associated with changes in emotional response to smells, we also examined how aging affects the relationship between olfaction and nutrition...
July 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547935/malnutrition-risk-of-older-people-across-district-health-board-community-hospital-and-residential-care-settings-in-new-zealand
#12
Carol Wham, Emily Fraser, Julia Buhs-Catterall, Rebecca Watkin, Cheryl Gammon, Jacqui Allen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of malnutrition risk in older people across three settings. METHODS: Older people living in the community or newly admitted to hospital or residential care were assessed for malnutrition risk using the validated Mini-Nutritional Assessment - Short Form and dysphagia risk using the Eating Assessment Tool-10. Demographic, physical and health data were collected. RESULTS: Of 167 participants, 23% were malnourished and 35% were at high risk of malnutrition...
May 25, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545376/nutrition-as-a-health-determinant-in-elderly-patients
#13
Ignazio Grattagliano, Tecla Mastronuzzi
An adequate caloric intake is a major determinant for the health status especially when degenerative conditions become a predominant risk for difficult-to-treat diseases as in aging. The maintenance of the nutritional status is the best measure to counteract the risk of protein-caloric malnutrition and its complications which often sneakily affects elderly population and in particular frail patients. Both organic and social risk factors [economic hardship, loneliness, institutionalization] are important as determining causes...
May 23, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542742/exercise-or-social-intervention-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Philippe Denormandie, Didier Armaingaud, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of exercise with those of a structured nonphysical intervention on ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and physical and cognitive function of persons with dementia (PWDs) living in nursing homes (NH). DESIGN: Cluster-randomized pilot-controlled trial. SETTING: Seven French NHs. PARTICIPANTS: PWDs living in NHs. MEASUREMENTS: NHs were randomized to an exercise group (4 NHs, n = 47) or structured social activity group (3 NHs, n = 50) for a 24-week intervention performed twice per week for 60 minutes per session...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537342/assessing-the-risk-of-sarcopenia-in-the-elderly-the-mini-sarcopenia-risk-assessment-msra-questionnaire
#15
A P Rossi, R Micciolo, S Rubele, F Fantin, C Caliari, E Zoico, G Mazzali, E Ferrari, S Volpato, M Zamboni
OBJECTIVES: to validate the MSRA questionnaire proposed as prescreening tool for sarcopenia, in a population of community-dwelling elderly subjects. DESIGN: observational study. SETTING: community dwelling elderly subjects. PARTICIPANTS: 274 community dwelling elderly subjects, 177 women and 97 men, aged 66-78 years. MEASUREMENTS: Based on EWGSOP diagnostic criteria subjects were classified as sarcopenic and non-sarcopenic...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537324/validation-of-the-photography-method-for-nutritional-intake-assessment-in-hospitalized-elderly-subjects
#16
F Monacelli, M Sartini, V Bassoli, D Becchetti, A L Biagini, A Nencioni, M Cea, R Borghi, F Torre, P Odetti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate the photographic indirect method as an accurate and specific tool to assess nutritional intake in a cohort of elderly hospitalized patients. DESIGN: this is a prospective observational study. SETTING: hospital (geriatric acute ward and transitional care of IRCCSS AUO San Martino Hospital, Genoa, Italy). PARTICIPANTS: 255 consecutive elderly hospitalized patients...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537323/high-prevalence-of-malnutrition-among-elderly-veterans-in-home-based-primary-care
#17
A Z Win, C Ceresa, K Arnold, T A Allison
INTRODUCTION: Elderly Veterans enrolled in VA Home Based Primary Care (HBPC) programs suffer from many diseases including malnutrition. Nutrition screening tools exist in the VA system but they are inconsistently utilized across ambulatory care programs and are neither research validated nor comparable with non-VA populations. The Mini-Nutritional Assessment short-form (MNA-SF) has been validated in international studies in a variety of settings. The primary aim of this study was to find the prevalence of malnutrition among Veterans enrolled in HBPC programs...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533984/predictive-ability-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-mna-sf-in-a-free-living-elderly-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Raimunda Montejano Lozoya, Nieves Martínez-Alzamora, Gonzalo Clemente Marín, Silamani J A Guirao-Goris, Rosa María Ferrer-Diego
BACKGROUND: Various scales have been used to perform a quick and first level nutritional assessment, and the MNA is one of the most used and recommended by experts in the elderly in all areas. This scale has a short form, the MNA-SF, revised and validated in 2009, which has two versions: the BMI-MNA-SF contains the first six items of the full scale including Body Mass Index while the CC-MNA-SF includes Calf Circumference instead of BMI. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive ability for nutritional status of the two versions of the MNA-SF against the MNA in free-living elderly in the province of Valencia...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531791/an-innovative-brioche-enriched-in-protein-and-energy-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-malnourished-nursing-home-residents-compared-to-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-usual-breakfast-farine-project
#19
Virginie Van Wymelbeke, Laurent Brondel, Francis Bon, Isabelle Martin-Pfitzenmeyer, Patrick Manckoundia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To compare the effects of a 12-week nutritional intervention, in which an innovative protein-and-energy-enriched brioche, an oral nutritional supplement or a usual breakfast were eaten, on food intake and nutritional status in nursing home residents. DESIGN: Three-armed, multicentre, controlled trial. SETTING: Eight nursing homes in Burgundy, France. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight malnourished participants aged between 70 and 99 years old...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531785/the-relationship-between-malnutrition-risk-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-frail-older-hospital-patients
#20
Adrian Slee, Deborah Birch, David Stokoe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition has an adverse effect on clinical outcomes and frail older people may be at greater risk of malnutrition. The purpose and aims of this study was to investigate the relationship between markers of malnutrition risk and clinical outcomes in a cohort of frail older hospital patients. METHODS: 78 frail older hospital patients had the following measurements recorded; length of stay (LOS), time to medical fitness for discharge (TMFFD), body mass index (BMI), malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) and mini-nutritional assessment short-form (MNA-SF) scores, blood urea, C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, CRP-albumin ratio; and bioelectrical impedance assessment (BIA) measurements (n = 66)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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