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mini nutritional assessment

Şule Özbilgin, Volkan Hanc, Dilek Ömür, Mücahit Özbilgin, Mine Tosun, Serhan Yurtlu, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Atalay Arkan
The aim was to evaluate the nutritional situation of patients admitted to the Postoperative Acute Care Unit using classic methods of objective anthropometry, systemic evaluation methods, and Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score, and to compare them as a predictor of morbidity and mortality.At admission to the postoperative care unit, patients undergoing various surgeries were assessed for the following items: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and NUTRIC score, anthropometric measurements, serum total protein, serum albumin, and lymphocyte count...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Iva Brabcová, Marie Trešlová, Sylva Bártlová, Jitka Vacková, Valerie Tóthová, Lenka Maťhová
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an important social determinant of health that influences the ageing process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional condition of a group of seniors and identify the bio-psycho-social factors that increase the risk of malnutrition. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quantitative method. The standardised scales Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form (MNA-SF) and the Geriatric depression scale (GDS-5) were used to evaluate the nutritional condition and tendency towards depression of the tested group...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
Anna Yamanouchi, Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Yumi Matsumoto, Seungwon Jeong
Sarcopenia is known to increase the risk of adverse outcomes, including disability, loss of independence, hospitalization, longer length of hospital stay, and mortality, but there is little data about the prevalence of sarcopenia and the factors associated with increased physical dependency and cognitive decline among older patients hospitalized in a long-term care (LTC) ward in Japan. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 79 consecutive patients (34 men, 45 women) with a median age of 81 y hospitalized in an LTC hospital...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
Sami Hamdan Alzahrani, Ismail Abdelmoneim El Sayed, Sarah Mohammed Alshamrani
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent among the elderly and is associated with poor clinical prognosis, decreased functional status, and increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of geriatric malnutrition among outpatients of a geriatric clinic and to determine factors associated with malnutrition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient clinic of the King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
V Soler, S Sourdet, L Balardy, G Abellan van Kan, D Brechemier, M E Rougé-Bugat, N Tavassoli, M Cassagne, F Malecaze, F Nourhashémi, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate visual performance and factors associated with abnormal vision in patients screened for frailty at the Geriatric Frailty Clinic (GFC) for Assessment of Frailty and Prevention of Disability at Toulouse University Hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cross-sectional, single-centre study. SETTING: Institutional practice. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were screened for frailty during a single-day hospital stay between October 2011 and October 2014 (n = 1648)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L Lera, H Sánchez, B Ángel, C Albala
OBJECTIVES: To validate the short-form of the MNA (MNA-SF) and the cut-off point of 31 cm for calf circumference (CC) in older people in Latin America. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 5,722 community-dwelling older subjects (range: 60-102 years) in Latin America´s five main cities: Sao Paulo (Brazil), Santiago (Chile), Havana (Cuba), Mexico DF (Mexico) and Montevideo (Uruguay). All participants underwent an interview, which included anthropometric measurements, completing the MNA and obtaining socio-demographic, nutrition and health information...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Maria Carmen Saucedo Figueredo, Juan Carlos Morilla Herrera, Roberto Ramos Gil, Maria Nieves Arjona Gómez, Felicisima García Dillana, Javier Martínez Blanco, Jose Miguel Morales Asencio
AIM: The aim of this study was to obtain a Spanish version of the Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia Scale version, to assess its reliability for use by medical staff and caregivers at residential care homes, to evaluate by confirmatory methods its construct validity. A further aim was to determine the criterion validity with respect to biochemical markers of malnutrition such as serum albumin, transferrin, cholesterol and lymphocytes, the body mass index and the mini nutritional assessment...
October 2016: Nurs Open
Keisuke Maeda, Miki Takaki, Junji Akagi
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a known risk factor for malnutrition and pneumonia. Although sarcopenia is hypothesized to cause dysphagia, its causality remains unclear. Thus, this study aimed to investigate causality and the risk factors for sarcopenic dysphagia. METHODS: We enrolled 95 hospitalized patients aged 65 years or older who had restricted oral intake without dysphagia. The skeletal muscle index and Functional Oral Intake Scale were used to evaluate muscle mass and swallowing ability, respectively...
October 5, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
S Nishioka, H Wakabayashi, T Yoshida
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although malnutrition commonly affects stroke patients, there are no validated screening tools. We verified the usefulness of non-paralytic anthropometric measurements for the nutritional screening of stroke. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in consecutive stroke patients with hemiplegia aged ⩾65 years, with Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form score ⩽11. Diagnostic malnutrition criteria from the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism were the reference standards: body mass index (BMI) <18...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Kotomi Sakai, Enri Nakayama, Haruka Tohara, Tomomi Maeda, Motonobu Sugimoto, Takahiro Takehisa, Yozo Takehisa, Koichiro Ueda
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether tongue strength observed in older adult inpatients of a rehabilitation hospital is associated with muscle function, nutritional status, and dysphagia. A total of 174 older adult inpatients aged 65 years and older in rehabilitation (64 men, 110 women; median age, 84 years; interquartile range, 80-89 years) who were suspected of having reduced tongue strength due to sarcopenia were included in this study. Isometric tongue strength was measured using a device fitted with a disposable oral balloon probe...
September 29, 2016: Dysphagia
C Ihle, C Bahrs, T Freude, M Bickel, I Spielhaupter, E Wintermeyer, L Stollhof, L Grünwald, P Ziegler, S Pscherer, U Stöckle, A Nussler
Background: The prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalised patients is reported to be between 16 and 55 % across disciplines. Within hospital care, screening for malnutrition is required. However, in orthopaedics and trauma surgery, there is still no generally accepted recommendation for the methods for such a data survey. In the present study, the following aspects are to be investigated with the help of two established scores: (1) the prevalence of malnutrition in the patient population of geriatric trauma care, and (2) the correlation between methods of data survey...
September 29, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
D Eschbach, T Kirchbichler, T Wiesmann, L Oberkircher, C Bliemel, S Ruchholtz, B Buecking
BACKGROUND: Most studies focusing on improving the nutritional status of geriatric trauma patients exclude patients with cognitive impairment. These patients are especially at risk of malnutrition at admission and of worsening during the perioperative fasting period. This study was planned as a feasibility study to identify the difficulties involved in including this high-risk collective of cognitively impaired geriatric trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective intervention study included cognitively impaired geriatric patients (Mini-Mental State Examination <25, age >65 years) with hip-related fractures...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Chih-Jen Wang, Cheng-Hao Hung, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and its association with frailty among men aged 80 years and older in Taiwan METHODS: Residents living in four veterans retirement communities were invited for study and 440 men aged 80 years and older weer enrolled. Comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed for them, including using the following measurements: Clinical Frailty Scale, Northern Health and Social Care Trust (HSC)-Continence Assessment Form, Charlson's Comorbidity Index (CCI), Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 (GDS-5), Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF)...
September 21, 2016: Rejuvenation Research
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Ramón Miralles, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Josep M Muniesa
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: The European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus definition of malnutrition has been applied in hospitalized older diabetics and middle-aged patients, geriatric outpatients, and healthy elderly and young individuals. In a post-acute care setting, our aim was to assess malnutrition (ESPEN definition) and determine its relationship with sarcopenia in older in-patients deconditioned due to an acute process. METHODS: Eighty-eight in-patients aged ≥70 years with body mass index (BMI) <30 kg/m(2) were included (84...
September 9, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Mario Tombini, Maura Sicari, Giovanni Pellegrino, Francesca Ursini, Pasqualina Insardá, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is one of the most important conditions that negatively affects the health of elder people, particularly in patients with dementia. OBJECTIVE: To provide an assessment of nutritional status of patients affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD) living at home and of their caregivers by means of Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and to explore the influence of different factors on nutrition. METHODS: 90 patients affected by AD living at home and 90 age- and sex-matched caregivers were enrolled...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Marie Jönsson, Peter Appelros, Carin Fredriksson
OBJECTIVE: To compare ADL, cognitive function, risk of pressure sores, malnutrition and falls in older people readmitted to hospital. METHODS: This was a comparative study. Persons ≥ 75 years, who were readmitted to hospital, were assessed using the ADL-taxonomy and the Mini Mental State Examination. Risks of pressure sores, malnutrition and falls were assessed using Risk Assessment Pressure Sores, Short-Form Mini Nutritional Assessment and Downton Fall Risk Index...
September 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Peter Colin Gregory, Katrin Hoffmann, Josef Kamphues, Anne Möeler
Modern therapy of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) using pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) has largely been very effective and has greatly helped in improving the nutritional status of patients with PEI and in increasing the life expectancy in cystic fibrosis. It is believed that the use of predictable large animal models could play an important role in assessing and developing new therapies. This article reviews the pancreatic duct ligated (adult) minipig as a chronic model of total PEI, with a detailed look at the influence of PEI and response to PERT on prececal compared to fecal digestibility, to directly investigate effects on protein and starch digestion and absorption...
October 2016: Pancreas
Tatsuro Inoue, Syogo Misu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Hiroki Sakamoto, Kentaro Iwata, Yuki Chuman, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with hip fractures, and elderly patients with hip fractures lose functional independence and often fail to recover previous functional status. The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-fracture nutritional status predicts functional status of patients with hip fracture at discharge from acute hospitals. METHODS: In the present multicenter prospective cohort study, pre-fracture nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF)...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Ivan Tanasić, Tijana Radaković, Ljiljana Tihaček Šojić, Aleksandra Milić Lemić, Ivan Soldatović
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to find the correlation between the number, type, and placement of symmetric functional tooth units and the nutritional status using body mass index (BMI) and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) in patients with both maxillary and mandibular removable partial dentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized study was conducted at the Clinic for Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Belgrade, Serbia, followed by determination of number of functional tooth units...
September 2016: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Ellisiv Lærum Jacobsen, Therese Brovold, Astrid Bergland, Asta Bye
OBJECTIVES: Data on acute geriatric patients' nutritional status are lacking, and the associations among physical function, sarcopenia, health status and nutritional status are not sufficiently investigated in this population. The aims of this study are to investigate (1) nutritional status and sarcopenia in a group of acute geriatric patients, (2) the association between nutritional status, physical function and sarcopenia in acute geriatric patients, controlling for health status. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
2016: BMJ Open
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