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mini nutritional assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100361/-the-relationship-between-nutritional-status-and-oxidative-stress-markers-pulmonary-function-in-patients-with-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
X L Jiang, P Zhong, C L Huang, F He, X M Fan, X R Chen
Objective: To investigate the association between the nutritional status of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the levels of serum oxidative stress markers protein carbonyls (PC), malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and pulmonary function. Methods: 200 patients with stable COPD (the COPD group) and 100 healthy individuals (the control group) who visited during June 2014 and August 2014 were enrolled in our study. The levels of PC, MDA, 8-OHdG and TAC in serum were detected...
January 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098050/dairy-food-supplementation-may-reduce-malnutrition-risk-in-institutionalised-elderly
#2
Sandra Iuliano, Shirley Poon, Xiaofang Wang, Minh Bui, Ego Seeman
Malnutrition in institutionalised elderly increases morbidity and care costs. Meat and dairy foods are high-quality protein sources so adequate intakes may reduce malnutrition risk. We aimed to determine whether inadequate intakes of meat and dairy foods contribute to malnutrition in institutionalised elderly. This cross-sectional study involved 215 elderly residents (70·2 % females, mean age 85·8 years) from twenty-one aged-care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Dietary intake was assessed using observed plate waste...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095099/efficacy-of-an-exercise-and-nutritional-supplement-program-on-physical-performance-and-nutritional-status-in-older-adults-with-mobility-limitations-residing-at-senior-living-facilities
#3
Michael P Corcoran, Miriam E Nelson, Jennifer M Sacheck, Kieran F Reid, Dylan Kirn, Roger A Fielding, Kenneth K H Chui, Sara C Folta
This cluster-randomized trial was designed to determine the efficacy of a 6-month exercise-nutritional supplement program (ENP) on physical function and nutritional status for older adults and the feasibility of implementing this program in a senior living setting. Twenty senior living facilities were randomized to either a three day per week group-based ENP led by a trained facility staff member or a health education program (SAP). Participants (N=121) completed a short physical performance battery, 400 meter walk, handgrip strength test, and mini-nutrition assessment...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075176/the-adapp-trial-a-two-year-longitudinal-multidisciplinary-intervention-study-for-prostate-cancer-frail-patients-on-androgen-deprivation-associated-to-curative-radiotherapy
#4
Julie Mareschal, Kerstin Weber, Pascale Rigoli, Edmund Biason, Laura Frambati, Carole Gotteland, Thomas Zilli, Claude Pichard, Raymond Miralbell
BACKGROUND: Androgen deprivation (AD) therapy combined to radiotherapy (RT) is a curative therapeutic option for patients with non-metastatic locally advanced or aggressive intermediate prostate cancer (PC), though with a range of nutritional, physical, and psychological side effects. A multidisciplinary care program was created to help frail patients to prevent and manage those side effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal interventional study in frail patients, presenting either cardiovascular/pulmonary comorbidities, old age (≥75 years), vulnerability ratings, or balance impairment...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064172/effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-prevent-frailty-in-pre-frail-community-dwelling-older-people-consulting-in-primary-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
M Serra-Prat, X Sist, R Domenich, L Jurado, A Saiz, A Roces, E Palomera, M Tarradelles, M Papiol
BACKGROUND: evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to prevent frailty is scarce. OBJECTIVE: to assess the effect of an intervention in preventing frailty progression in pre-frail older people. STUDY DESIGN: a randomised, open label, controlled trial with two parallel arms. POPULATION: community-dwelling pre-frail older people (≥70 years) consulting in primary care. INTERVENTION: nutritional assessment (and derivation to a Nutritional Unit for usual care in the event of nutritional risk) and a physical activity programme including aerobic exercise and a set of mixed strengthening, balance and coordination exercises CONTROL GROUP: patients receiving the usual care...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063514/undernutrition-as-independent-predictor-of-early-mortality-in%C3%A2-elderly-cancer-patients
#6
Renata B Martucci, Mariana V Barbosa, Cristiane A D'Almeida, Viviane D Rodrigues, Anke Bergmann, Nivaldo B de Pinho, Luiz Claudio S Thuler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the 1-y survival of elderly patients with cancer and the association between undernutrition and mortality. METHODS: This was a cohort study with elderly patients ages ≥65 y admitted between September and October 2014. A nutritionist performed a Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) assessment during 48 h of hospital admission and collected data about potential confounding variables (comorbidities, stage of cancer, treatment in the previous 3 mo, and reason for hospitalization)...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060439/factors-associated-with-unexpected-admissions-and-mortality-among-low-functioning-older-patients-receiving-home-medical-care
#7
Hiroyuki Umegaki, Atushi Asai, Shigeru Kanda, Keiko Maeda, Takuya Shimojima, Hideki Nomura, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The need for and availability of home medical care for elderly patients with limitations in terms of access to medical facilities has been increasing. We investigated the association between low function, malnutrition, dementia and multicomorbidity with patient prognosis, focusing on unexpected hospital admissions and mortality in elderly non-cancer patients receiving home care. METHODS: The study included 124 Japanese patients receiving home medical care in the form of regular visits from doctors and nurses for physical and/or mental disability...
January 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049443/performance-of-edmonton-frail-scale-on-frailty-assessment-its-association-with-multi-dimensional-geriatric-conditions-assessed-with-specific-screening-tools
#8
Simone Perna, Matthew D'Arcy Francis, Chiara Bologna, Francesca Moncaglieri, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Pietro Allegrini, Antonio Isu, Beatrice Vigo, Fabio Guerriero, Mariangela Rondanelli
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) on frailty assessment in association with multi-dimensional conditions assessed with specific screening tools and to explore the prevalence of frailty by gender. METHODS: We enrolled 366 hospitalised patients (women\men: 251\115), mean age 81.5 years. The EFS was given to the patients to evaluate their frailty. Then we collected data concerning cognitive status through Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), health status (evaluated with the number of diseases), functional independence (Barthel Index and Activities Daily Living; BI, ADL, IADL), use of drugs (counting of drugs taken every day), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Skeletal Muscle Index of sarcopenia (SMI), osteoporosis and functionality (Handgrip strength)...
January 4, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031994/covariation-between-plasma-phosphate-and-daytime-cortisol-in-early-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Lena Håglin, Lennart Bäckman
BACKGROUND: Disturbed phosphate homeostasis in early Parkinson's disease (PD) may originate from a stress-related condition and nutritional status among other risk factors, age, and gender. METHODS: Risk of malnutrition using Mini-nutritional assessment (MNA score) and plasma levels of protein markers and daytime cortisol at the time of diagnosis in PD (n = 75) were compared with a control group (n = 24). Cognition was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE score) and motor function using Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS-part III scale)...
December 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017447/association-between-cachexia-chemotherapy-and-outcomes-in-older-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Philippe Caillet, Evelyne Liuu, Agathe Raynaud Simon, Marc Bonnefoy, Olivier Guerin, Gilles Berrut, Bruno Lesourd, Claude Jeandel, Monique Ferry, Yves Rolland, Elena Paillaud
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aims of this systematic review were (i) to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and cachexia in older cancer patients in a chemotherapy setting, and (ii) to report the chemotherapy-related causes of malnutrition and (iii) the consequences of malnutrition on the outcomes of these patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE for articles published in English or French between 2005 and 2016 and which reported retrospective or prospective, observational or interventional studies of the prevalence of malnutrition and its consequences in patients 65 years or older with solid tumors and chemotherapy-related causes of malnutrition...
December 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000247/investigation-of-nutritional-status-using-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-and-analysis-of-the-relevant-factors-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-tumour
#11
Ayaka Yanagi, Mai Murase, Yuka I Sumita, Hisashi Taniguchi
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to reveal the nutritional status of patients after head and neck tumour treatment by using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) and to analyse the factors affecting nutritional status in patients with head and neck tumour. BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with loss of teeth and maxillary/mandibular bone due to head and neck tumour treatment could be at high risk of malnutrition. However, there are few reports on the nutritional status of these patients...
December 20, 2016: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999848/trajectories-of-nutritional-status-and-cognitive-impairment-among-older-taiwanese-with-hip-fracture
#12
H P Wang, J Liang, L M Kuo, C Y Chen, Y I L Shyu
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the trajectories of nutritional status and cognitive impairment and their correlation among older Taiwanese over 1 year after hip-fracture surgery. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from a clinical trial evaluating the effects of three types of post-discharge care for 292 older hip-fracture patients (age >60 years). MEASUREMENTS: Nutritional status was assessed by the Mini Nutritional Assessment before and 1, 3, 6, 12 months after hospital discharge...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999846/comparison-of-nutritional-status-in-the-elderly-according-to-living-situations
#13
O Kucukerdonmez, S Navruz Varli, E Koksal
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of elderly individuals living alone and with their families. PARTICIPANTS AND METHOD: The sample of the study included 872 elderly individuals who agreed to participate in the study, were aged 65 or over, and lived in Ankara. The data were gathered from a survey, using face-to-face interviews. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was used in evaluating each individual's nutrition. RESULTS: The rate of malnutrition in the study population was 5% while the malnutrition risk was 67%...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996109/reliability-and-validity-of-a-simplified-comprehensive-assessment-tool-for-feeding-support-kuchi-kara-taberu-index
#14
Keisuke Maeda, Hiroshi Shamoto, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Junko Enomoto, Mika Takeichi, Tamami Koyama
OBJECTIVES: To verify the reliability and validity and develop an English version of an instrument (Kuchi-Kara Taberu Index (KT Index)) to comprehensively assess and intervene in problems with eating and swallowing. DESIGN: Multicenter cross-sectional study. SETTING: Nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older (mean age 88.3 ± 6.8; 80.0% female) who had lived in a nursing home for longer than 1 month (N = 115)...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928120/effect-of-long-term-proton-pump-inhibitor-therapy-on-nutritional-status-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients
#15
Mariko Nakamichi, Hidetaka Wakabayashi
The purpose was to investigate the association between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy and nutritional status in elderly hospitalized patients. Participants were 190 elderly patients admitted to the long-term care wards, convalescence rehabilitation wards, and community integrated care wards in January 2015. Nutritional status was assessed using the mini nutritional assessment short-form (MNA-SF). The PPI use group was compared with the PPI non-use group regarding nutrition status. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine whether the period of PPI therapy was associated independently with malnutrition following adjustment for covariates including gender, age, and serum albumin level...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925144/nutrition-screening-practices-amongst-australian-residential-aged-care-facilities
#16
J Kellett, G Kyle, C Itsiopoulos, M Naunton
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) in Australia who use a nutrition screening tool on residents to identify those at risk of malnutrition, and to review practice following identification of residents as being at high risk of malnutrition. DESIGN: Multi-center, cross sectional observational study. SETTING: Residential Aged Care Facilities. PARTICIPANTS: The Director of Nursing at each site was contacted by telephone and asked questions relating to current nutrition screening practices at their residential aged care facility...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919768/proximal-femoral-fractures-in-centenarians-a-retrospective-analysis-of-39-patients
#17
A Morice, N Reina, G Gracia, P Bonnevialle, J-M Laffosse, K Wytrykowski, E Cavaignac, N Bonnevialle
BACKGROUND: A corollary of the current population ageing in France is an increase in proximal femoral fractures (PFFs), particularly among centenarians. The outcomes of PFFs in centenarians in France are unknown. We therefore conducted a retrospective study of centenarians with PFFs both to assess: (1) assess clinical outcomes according to geriatric and trauma scores, (2) and to determine whether routine surgery is warranted. HYPOTHESIS: Morbidity and mortality in a single-centre cohort of centenarians with surgically treated PFFs are consistent with previous reports...
December 2, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919767/internal-fixation-of-intra-capsular-proximal-femoral-fractures-in-patients-older-than-80-years-still-relevant-multivariate-analysis-of-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort
#18
N Reina, P Bonnevialle, B Rubens Duval, P Adam, F Loubignac, T Favier, P Massin
BACKGROUND: Arthroplasty is now widely used to treat intra-capsular proximal femoral fractures (PFFs) in older patients, even when there is little or no displacement. However, whether arthroplasty is associated with lower mortality and complication rates in non-displaced or mildly displaced PFFs is unknown. The objectives of this prospective study were: (1) to evaluate early mortality rates with the two treatment methods, (2) to identify risk factors for complications, (3) and to identify predictors of functional decline...
December 2, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910255/dysphagia-is-associated-with-functional-decline-during-acute-care-hospitalization-of-older-patients
#19
Haruyo Matsuo, Yoshihiro Yoshimura, Naoki Ishizaki, Tsuyoshi Ueno
AIM: Physical function is considered to be associated with dysphagia: however, there is little data regarding the association between dysphagia and functional decline during hospitalization among older patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of dysphagia, and the association between dysphagia and functional status during hospitalization in older acute-care patients. METHODS: A total of 103 older patients without present or prior history of diseases that could directly impair swallowing and cause dysphagia (45 men and 58 women; mean age 80...
December 1, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893697/morbidity-and-mortality-predictivity-of-nutritional-assessment-tools-in-the-postoperative-care-unit
#20
Şule Özbilgin, Volkan Hanc, Dilek Ömür, Mücahit Özbilgin, Mine Tosun, Serhan Yurtlu, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Atalay Arkan
The aim was to evaluate the nutritional situation of patients admitted to the Postoperative Acute Care Unit using classic methods of objective anthropometry, systemic evaluation methods, and Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (NUTRIC) score, and to compare them as a predictor of morbidity and mortality.At admission to the postoperative care unit, patients undergoing various surgeries were assessed for the following items: Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and NUTRIC score, anthropometric measurements, serum total protein, serum albumin, and lymphocyte count...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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