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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628459/nutritional-status-and-energy-intake-as-predictors-of-functional-status-after-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-elderly-inpatients-with-heart-failure-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Satoshi Katano, Akiyoshi Hashimoto, Katsuhiko Ohori, Ayako Watanabe, Remi Honma, Rimi Yanase, Tomoyuki Ishigo, Takefumi Fujito, Hirofumi Ohnishi, Kazufumi Tsuchihashi, Sumio Ishiai, Tetsuji Miura
BACKGROUND: Whether the short-term effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in elderly patients with heart failure (HF) is influenced by nutritional status is uncertain, so the present study investigated the effect of nutritional status on functional recovery after CR in elderly HF inpatients.Methods and Results:We enrolled 145 patients admitted for treatment of HF who were aged ≥65 years and had a low functional status defined as a Barthel index (BI) score ≤85 points at the commencement of CR...
April 7, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621433/mediterranean-diet-and-cognitive-status-in-free-living-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northern-italy
#2
Ramona De Amicis, Alessandro Leone, Andrea Foppiani, Diana Osio, Lidia Lewandowski, Valentina Giustizieri, Paolo Cornelio, Ferdinando Cornelio, Susanna Fusari Imperatori, Stefano F Cappa, Alberto Battezzati, Simona Bertoli
OBJECTIVE: Few data are available on the Italian elderly population with regard to adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and cognitive impairment. Our aim was to investigate adherence to the MD and its association with cognitive function in an Italian urban sample. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 279 participants aged ≥ 65 years (80 men, 199 women) was carried out at a nutritional center. Adherence to the MD was evaluated using a 14-item questionnaire...
April 5, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616708/strong-relationship-between-malnutrition-and-cognitive-frailty-in-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-studies-slas-1-and-slas-2
#3
L Chye, K Wei, M S Z Nyunt, Q Gao, S L Wee, T P Ng
BACKGROUND: Physical frailty is well known to be strongly associated with malnutrition, but the combined impact of physical frailty and cognitive impairment among non-demented older persons (cognitive frailty) on malnutrition prevalence is not well documented. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older Singaporeans aged ≥55y (n=5414) without dementia in the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study (SLAS-1 and SLAS-2)...
2018: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607456/oral-health-and-chemotherapy-act-as-cofactors-in-malnutrition-in-the-elderly-with-other-cancers-than-head-and-neck-malignancies
#4
Nada El Osta, Lana El Osta, Claire Lassauzay, Marwan Ghosn, Stephanie Tubert-Jeannin, Martine Hennequin
OBJECTIVES: This study explores whether the chemotherapy regimen has a role in inducing oral health problems and malnutrition in elderly patients with other cancers than head and neck malignancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was designed to compare the relationships between oral health and nutritional status between four groups of elderly differing in cancer or chemotherapy regimen. Data were collected using a questionnaire including the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and questions about perception of xerostomia...
April 2, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587356/dietary-patterns-and-their-relationship-with-frailty-in-functionally-independent-older-adults
#5
Mónica Machón, Maider Mateo-Abad, Kalliopi Vrotsou, Xabier Zupiria, Carolina Güell, Leonor Rico, Itziar Vergara
The impact of dietary patterns rather than single foods or nutrients on health outcomes is increasingly recognized. This cross-sectional study examines the dietary patterns of 527 non-institutionalized functionally independent older people aged ≥70 years from Gipuzkoa (Spain). Sociodemographic characteristics, health status, anthropometric measures and dietary data are collected. Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) and cluster analysis are performed to identify dietary patterns and groups of individuals...
March 24, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579102/association-between-cognitive-function-and-supplementation-with-omega-3-pufas-and-other-nutrients-in-%C3%A2-75-years-old-patients-a-randomized-multicenter-study
#6
Joaquin Baleztena, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Carmen Sayon-Orea, Maria Pardo, Teresa Añorbe, Jose Ignacio Gost, Carmen Gomez, Belen Ilarregui, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
A few studies have assessed the association between omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and cognitive impairment (CI) in very old adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multinutrient supplementation rich in n-3 PUFA on the cognitive function in an institutionalized ≥75-year-old population without CI or with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). A multicenter placebo-controlled double-blind randomized trial was conducted between 2012 and 2013. Cognitive function was assessed at baseline and after one year using 4 neuropsychological tests...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576345/a-review-of-the-validity-of-malnutrition-screening-tools-used-in-older-adults-in-community-and-healthcare-settings-a-manuel-study
#7
REVIEW
Lauren Power, Deirdre Mullally, Eileen R Gibney, Michelle Clarke, Marjolein Visser, Dorothee Volkert, Laura Bardon, Marian A E de van der Schueren, Clare A Corish
BACKGROUND: Older adults are at increased risk of malnutrition compared to their younger counterparts. Malnutrition screening should be conducted using a valid malnutrition screening tool. An aim of the Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life (HDHL) Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) 'Malnutrition in the Elderly Knowledge Hub' (MaNuEL) was to review the reported validity of existing malnutrition screening tools used in older adults. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify validation studies of malnutrition screening tools in older populations in community, rehabilitation, residential care and hospital settings...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562879/dysphagia-risk-low-muscle-strength-and-poor-cognition-predict-malnutrition-risk-in-older-adults-athospital-admission
#8
Idah Chatindiara, Jacqueline Allen, Amy Popman, Darshan Patel, Marilize Richter, Marlena Kruger, Carol Wham
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in patients admitted to hospital may have detrimental effects on recovery and healing. Malnutrition is preceded by a state of malnutrition risk, yet malnutrition risk is often not detected during admission. The aim of the current study was to investigate the magnitude and potential predictors of malnutrition risk in older adults, at hospital admission. METHODS: A cross-sectional was study conducted in 234 older adults (age ≥ 65 or ≥ 55 for Māori or Pacific ethnicity) at admission to hospital in Auckland, New Zealand...
March 21, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558907/the-burden-of-tooth-loss-in-italian-elderly-population-living-in-nursing-homes
#9
Fabio Cocco, Guglielmo Campus, Laura Strohmenger, Viviana Cortesi Ardizzone, Maria Grazia Cagetti
BACKGROUND: This survey aims to evaluate the prevalence and severity of tooth loss in the Italian elderly population living in nursing homes and to associate the oral data with demographic, socioeconomic factors, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scores. METHODS: A cluster sample method was performed using each nursing home as a cluster. Twenty-three nursing homes located in the five areas of the Italy (North-West, North-East, Centre, South and Islands) were selected...
March 20, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558713/clinical-application-of-the-basic-definition-of-malnutrition-proposed-by-the-european-society-for-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolism-espen-comparison-with-classical-tools-in-geriatric-care
#10
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa-Rodríguez, Anna Guillén-Solà, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Josep M Muniesa, Ester Marco
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a prevalent condition related to adverse outcomes in older people. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic capacity of the malnutrition criteria of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ESPEN) with other classical diagnostic tools. METHODS: Cohort study of 102 consecutive in-patients ≥70 years admitted for postacute rehabilitation. Patients were considered malnourished if their Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) score was ≤11 and serum albumin <3 mg/dL or MNA-SF ≤ 11, serum albumin <3 mg/dL, and usual clinical signs and symptoms of malnutrition...
May 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555099/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-and-its-association-with-activities-of-daily-living-among-japanese-nursing-home-residents
#11
Tomohiko Kamo, Hideaki Ishii, Keisuke Suzuki, Yuusuke Nishida
Sarcopenia is an important predictor of adverse outcomes in elderly people. Based on a common clinical experience, sarcopenia may be associated with activities of daily living (ADL). To our knowledge, no study has investigated the association between sarcopenia and ADL in nursing home residents requiring long-term care. This cross-sectional study included 250 nursing home residents. Nutritional status, physical function, ADL and cognitive function were assessed using Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Barthel Index (BI) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
March 16, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554268/prognostic-impact-of-main-frailty-domain-trajectories-on-5-year-mortality-in-very-old-adults-results-from-the-partage-cohort-study
#12
Nelly Agrinier, Marie-Line Erpelding, Carlos Labat, Sylvie Gautier, Francis Guillemin, Athanase Benetos
The objectives were to identify trajectories of nutrition, cognitive function and autonomy over time in very old adults and to assess their impact on mortality. A cohort, including subjects aged≥80 years in 2007-2008, who were followed for 5 years, in 72 Italian and French nursing homes, was used for post-hoc analyses. Body mass index (BMI), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and index of activities of daily living (ADL) were assessed at 4 time points. Vital status was collected during the follow-up. Latent trajectory and Cox models were used...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541343/evaluating-energy-expenditure-estimated-by-wearable-technology-during-variable-intensity-activity-on-female-collegiate-athletes
#13
Monica Taylor, Elizabeth F Nagle, Fredric L Goss, Elaine N Rubinstein, Andrew Simonson
Monitoring an athlete's energy intake and energy expenditure (EE) is an important consideration of nutritional planning for sport conditioning and peak performance. In order to provide appropriate recommendations regarding nutritional requirements and caloric needs, an accurate determination of energy requirements is necessary. By knowing an individual's EE, a coach, athletic performance staff or trainer can effectively determine training loads and volumes necessary for periodization and seasonal planning for a particular sport...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536466/global-geriatric-assessment-and-in-hospital-bleeding-risk-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-insights-from-the-longevo-sca-registry
#14
Albert Ariza-Solé, Carme Guerrero, Francesc Formiga, Jaime Aboal, Emad Abu-Assi, Francisco Marín, Héctor Bueno, Oriol Alegre, Ramón López-Palop, María T Vidán, Manuel Martínez-Sellés, Pablo Díez-Villanueva, Pau Vilardell, Alessandro Sionis, Miquel Vives-Borrás, Juan Sanchís, Jordi Bañeras, Agnès Rafecas, Cinta Llibre, Javier López, Violeta González-Salvado, Àngel Cequier
BACKGROUND:  Bleeding risk scores have shown a limited predictive ability in elderly patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). No study explored the role of a comprehensive geriatric assessment to predict in-hospital bleeding in this clinical setting. METHODS:  The prospective multicentre LONGEVO-SCA registry included 532 unselected patients with non-ST segment elevation ACS (NSTEACS) aged 80 years or older. Comorbidity (Charlson index), frailty (FRAIL scale), disability (Barthel index and Lawton-Brody index), cognitive status (Pfeiffer test) and nutritional risk (mini nutritional assessment-short form test) were assessed during hospitalization...
March 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484344/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-the-refeeding-syndrome-in-older-hospitalized-patients
#15
M Pourhassan, I Cuvelier, I Gehrke, C Marburger, M K Modreker, D Volkert, H P Willschrei, R Wirth
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of refeeding syndrome (RFS) in older patients is not well-known. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of known risk factors for RFS in older individuals during hospitalization at geriatric hospital departments. DESIGN AND SETTING: 342 consecutive older participants (222 females) who admitted at acute geriatric hospital wards were included in a cross-sectional study. We applied the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) criteria for determining patients at risk of RFS...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469011/the-effects-of-resistance-training-of-swallowing-muscles-on-dysphagia-in-older-people-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Masato Matsushima, Ryo Momosaki, Shuhei Yoshida, Rieko Mutai, Toshifumi Yodoshi, Shinichi Murayama, Tetsuro Hayashi, Ryoko Horiguchi, Hiroko Ichikawa
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effects of resistance training of swallowing muscles in community-dwelling older individuals with dysphagia. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was performed in day-service and day-care facilities. The participants were older (≥65 y) community-dwelling individuals with dysphagia. The intervention group performed a tongue resistance exercise and a head flexion exercise against manual resistance. Both groups received a brochure on dysphagia rehabilitation...
November 27, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468620/malnutrition-in-acute-stroke-patients-stratified-by-stroke-severity-a-hospital-based-study
#17
Dong-Yi Hsieh, Jen-Wen Hung, Ku-Chou Chang, Yu-Ching Huang, Tsong-Hai Lee, Hsiu-Min Chen
BACKGROUND: Stroke results in high mortality with tremendous health care burden. Malnutrition is frequently observed in patients after stroke. This study was designed to explore the nutritional status in the acute stage of stroke aiming at exploring factors related to malnutrition after stroke. METHODS: This was a hospital based, prospective, observational study recruiting cerebrovascular diseases patients hospitalized for acute management. Patients suffered from all kinds of cerebrovascular diseases hospitalized for management within 30 days after onset were consecutively recruited in the study hospitals...
September 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467572/prevalence-of-geriatric-syndromes-among-people-aged-65-years-and-older-at-four-community-clinics-in-moscow
#18
Olga N Tkacheva, Nadezda K Runikhina, Valentina S Ostapenko, Natalia V Sharashkina, Elen A Mkhitaryan, Julia S Onuchina, Sergei N Lysenkov, Nikolai N Yakhno, Yan Press
Background: Geriatric syndromes (GSs) are common in older adults and have a significant effect on their quality of life, disability, and use of health care resources. Few studies have assessed the prevalence of GSs in Russia. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of GSs among older adults living in the community in Moscow. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in four community clinics in Moscow. A total of 1,220 patients completed a screening questionnaire, and 356 of them also underwent a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461314/social-and-demographic-predictors-of-nutritional-risk-cross-sectional-analyses-from-the-uab-study-of-aging-ii
#19
David R Buys, Richard E Kennedy, Courtney Phillips Williams, Cynthia J Brown, Julie L Locher
Social factors may disparately affect access to food and nutritional risk among older adults by race and gender. This study assesses these associations using the Mini Nutritional Assessment among 414 community-dwelling persons 75+ years of age in Alabama. Descriptive analyses on the full sample and by African American men, African American women, white men, and white women showed that mean scores for the full Mini Nutritional Assessment differed by groups, with African American men and African American women having the highest nutritional risk...
April 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460785/the-association-between-nutritional-status-and-frailty-characteristics-among-geriatric-outpatients
#20
M Kurkcu, R I Meijer, S Lonterman, M Muller, M A E de van der Schueren
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a common clinical syndrome in older adults and is associated with an increased risk of poor health outcomes, e.g. falls, disability, hospitalization, and mortality. Nutritional status might be an important factor contributing to frailty. This study aims to describe the association between nutritional status and characteristics of frailty in patients attending a geriatric outpatient clinic. METHODS: Clinical data was collected of 475 patients who visited the geriatric outpatient department of a Dutch hospital between 2005 and 2010...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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