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mini nutritional assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547935/malnutrition-risk-of-older-people-across-district-health-board-community-hospital-and-residential-care-settings-in-new-zealand
#1
Carol Wham, Emily Fraser, Julia Buhs-Catterall, Rebecca Watkin, Cheryl Gammon, Jacqui Allen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of malnutrition risk in older people across three settings. METHODS: Older people living in the community or newly admitted to hospital or residential care were assessed for malnutrition risk using the validated Mini-Nutritional Assessment - Short Form and dysphagia risk using the Eating Assessment Tool-10. Demographic, physical and health data were collected. RESULTS: Of 167 participants, 23% were malnourished and 35% were at high risk of malnutrition...
May 25, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545376/nutrition-as-a-health-determinant-in-elderly-patients
#2
Ignazio Grattagliano, Tecla Mastronuzzi
An adequate caloric intake is a major determinant for the health status especially when degenerative conditions become a predominant risk for difficult-to-treat diseases as in aging. The maintenance of the nutritional status is the best measure to counteract the risk of protein-caloric malnutrition and its complications which often sneakily affects elderly population and in particular frail patients. Both organic and social risk factors [economic hardship, loneliness, institutionalization] are important as determining causes...
May 23, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542742/exercise-or-social-intervention-for-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Matteo Cesari, Philippe Denormandie, Didier Armaingaud, Bruno Vellas, Yves Rolland
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of exercise with those of a structured nonphysical intervention on ability to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) and physical and cognitive function of persons with dementia (PWDs) living in nursing homes (NH). DESIGN: Cluster-randomized pilot-controlled trial. SETTING: Seven French NHs. PARTICIPANTS: PWDs living in NHs. MEASUREMENTS: NHs were randomized to an exercise group (4 NHs, n = 47) or structured social activity group (3 NHs, n = 50) for a 24-week intervention performed twice per week for 60 minutes per session...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537342/assessing-the-risk-of-sarcopenia-in-the-elderly-the-mini-sarcopenia-risk-assessment-msra-questionnaire
#4
A P Rossi, R Micciolo, S Rubele, F Fantin, C Caliari, E Zoico, G Mazzali, E Ferrari, S Volpato, M Zamboni
OBJECTIVES: to validate the MSRA questionnaire proposed as prescreening tool for sarcopenia, in a population of community-dwelling elderly subjects. DESIGN: observational study. SETTING: community dwelling elderly subjects. PARTICIPANTS: 274 community dwelling elderly subjects, 177 women and 97 men, aged 66-78 years. MEASUREMENTS: Based on EWGSOP diagnostic criteria subjects were classified as sarcopenic and non-sarcopenic...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537324/validation-of-the-photography-method-for-nutritional-intake-assessment-in-hospitalized-elderly-subjects
#5
F Monacelli, M Sartini, V Bassoli, D Becchetti, A L Biagini, A Nencioni, M Cea, R Borghi, F Torre, P Odetti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate the photographic indirect method as an accurate and specific tool to assess nutritional intake in a cohort of elderly hospitalized patients. DESIGN: this is a prospective observational study. SETTING: hospital (geriatric acute ward and transitional care of IRCCSS AUO San Martino Hospital, Genoa, Italy). PARTICIPANTS: 255 consecutive elderly hospitalized patients...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537323/high-prevalence-of-malnutrition-among-elderly-veterans-in-home-based-primary-care
#6
A Z Win, C Ceresa, K Arnold, T A Allison
INTRODUCTION: Elderly Veterans enrolled in VA Home Based Primary Care (HBPC) programs suffer from many diseases including malnutrition. Nutrition screening tools exist in the VA system but they are inconsistently utilized across ambulatory care programs and are neither research validated nor comparable with non-VA populations. The Mini-Nutritional Assessment short-form (MNA-SF) has been validated in international studies in a variety of settings. The primary aim of this study was to find the prevalence of malnutrition among Veterans enrolled in HBPC programs...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533984/predictive-ability-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-mna-sf-in-a-free-living-elderly-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Raimunda Montejano Lozoya, Nieves Martínez-Alzamora, Gonzalo Clemente Marín, Silamani J A Guirao-Goris, Rosa María Ferrer-Diego
BACKGROUND: Various scales have been used to perform a quick and first level nutritional assessment, and the MNA is one of the most used and recommended by experts in the elderly in all areas. This scale has a short form, the MNA-SF, revised and validated in 2009, which has two versions: the BMI-MNA-SF contains the first six items of the full scale including Body Mass Index while the CC-MNA-SF includes Calf Circumference instead of BMI. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive ability for nutritional status of the two versions of the MNA-SF against the MNA in free-living elderly in the province of Valencia...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531791/an-innovative-brioche-enriched-in-protein-and-energy-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-malnourished-nursing-home-residents-compared-to-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-usual-breakfast-farine-project
#8
Virginie Van Wymelbeke, Laurent Brondel, Francis Bon, Isabelle Martin-Pfitzenmeyer, Patrick Manckoundia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To compare the effects of a 12-week nutritional intervention, in which an innovative protein-and-energy-enriched brioche, an oral nutritional supplement or a usual breakfast were eaten, on food intake and nutritional status in nursing home residents. DESIGN: Three-armed, multicentre, controlled trial. SETTING: Eight nursing homes in Burgundy, France. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight malnourished participants aged between 70 and 99 years old...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531785/the-relationship-between-malnutrition-risk-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-frail-older-hospital-patients
#9
Adrian Slee, Deborah Birch, David Stokoe
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition has an adverse effect on clinical outcomes and frail older people may be at greater risk of malnutrition. The purpose and aims of this study was to investigate the relationship between markers of malnutrition risk and clinical outcomes in a cohort of frail older hospital patients. METHODS: 78 frail older hospital patients had the following measurements recorded; length of stay (LOS), time to medical fitness for discharge (TMFFD), body mass index (BMI), malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) and mini-nutritional assessment short-form (MNA-SF) scores, blood urea, C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, CRP-albumin ratio; and bioelectrical impedance assessment (BIA) measurements (n = 66)...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531569/factors-associated-with-the-level-of-oral-intake-in-hospitalized-older-adults-with-dysphagia-the-importance-of-mental-activity
#10
Yoshitoshi Kuroda
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dysphagia is a highly prevalent condition in hospitalized older adults. One major consequence of dysphagia is reduced oral intake due to difficulty in safe and/or efficient swallowing. The aim of the present study was to explore the factors associated with the level of oral intake in older adults with dysphagia. METHODS: The subjects were enrolled from older patients admitted to an acute hospital presenting with dysphagia, consisting of 36 patients (16 men and 20 women) with a mean age of 88...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530213/-the-model-of-perioperative-risk-assessment-in-elderly-patients-interim-analysis
#11
Izabela Grabowska, Lucyna Ścisło, Szymon Pietruszka, Elzbieta Walewska, Agata Paszko, Benita Siarkiewicz, Piotr Richter, Andrzej Budzyński, Antoni M Szczepanik
Demographic changes in contemporary society require implementation of proper perioperative care of elderly patients due to an increased risk of perioperative complications in this group. Preoperative assessment of health status identifies risks and enables preventive interventions, improving outcomes of surgical treatment. The Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment contains numerous diagnostic tests and consultations, which is expensive and difficult to use in everyday practice. The development of a simplified model of perioperative assessment of elderly patients will help identifying the group of patients who require further diagnostic workup...
April 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526382/quality-of-diet-and-level-of-physical-performance-related-to-inflammatory-markers-in-community-dwelling-frail-elderly-people
#12
Do-Yeon Kim, Chang-O Kim, Hyunjung Lim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether diet quality and functional status were associated with serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in frail, elderly, community-dwelling individuals. METHODS: Seventy-eight frail, elderly individuals (age ≥65 y, usual gait speed <0.6 m/s and Mini Nutritional Assessment <24) participated in this cross-sectional study from the National Home Healthcare Services in Gangbuk-gu, Seoul, South Korea...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506216/nutritional-determinants-of-frailty-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#13
Laura Lorenzo-López, Ana Maseda, Carmen de Labra, Laura Regueiro-Folgueira, José L Rodríguez-Villamil, José C Millán-Calenti
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that affects multiple domains of human functioning. A variety of problems contributes to the development of this syndrome; poor nutritional status is an important determinant of this condition. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine recent evidence regarding the association between nutritional status and frailty syndrome in older adults. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus electronic databases were searched using specific key words, for observational papers that were published during the period from 2005 to February 2017 and that studied the association or relationship between nutritional status and frailty in older adults...
May 15, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495537/impact-of-nutritional-state-on-critical-limb-ischemia-early-outcomes-denucriticc-study
#14
Lucie Salomon du Mont, Betty Leclerc, Marie-Catherine Morgant, Guillaume Besch, Aline Laubriet, Eric Steinmetz, Simon Rinckenbach
INTRODUCTION: Despite current progress, the prognosis of critical limb ischemia (CLI) remains poor. The ageing of the population, the increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus, and the stability of tabacco use will increase the prevalence of CLI. CLI patients have risk factors for malnutrition and the impact of malnutrition on morbidity and mortality has been demonstrated in the general population. However, we have little information on the consequences of the consequences of undernutrition in the CLI population...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490567/validity-and-reliability-of-the-patient-centred-assessment-method-for-patient-complexity-and-relationship-with-hospital-length-of-stay-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Shuhei Yoshida, Masato Matsushima, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rieko Mutai, Shinichi Murayama, Tetsuro Hayashi, Hiroko Ichikawa, Yuko Nakano, Takamasa Watanabe, Yasuki Fujinuma
OBJECTIVES: Several instruments for evaluating patient complexity have been developed from a biopsychosocial perspective. Although relationships between the results obtained by these instruments and the length of stay in hospital have been examined, many instruments are complicated and not easy to use. The Patient Centred Assessment Method (PCAM) is a candidate for practical use. This study aimed to test the validity and reliability of the PCAM and examine the correlations between length of hospital stay and PCAM scores in a regional secondary care hospital in Japan...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456537/quality-of-life-functional-impairment-and-social-factors-as-determinants-of-nutritional-status-in-older-adults-the-verisa%C3%A3-de-study
#16
Ana Maseda, Clara Diego-Diez, Laura Lorenzo-López, Rocío López-López, Laura Regueiro-Folgueira, José C Millán-Calenti
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is an important and growing health problem in elderly people. The main aim of this research was to examine the relationship between socio-demographic factors, social resources, functional status and quality of life and malnutrition or risk of malnutrition in elders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of 749 community-dwelling elders aged 65 years and over. A comprehensive assessment was carried out, including the collection of socio-demographic factors, social resources by the Older Americans Resources and Services Scale, nutritional status by the Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form, functional status by the Lawton's instrumental activities of daily living scale and quality of life by the World Health Organizations's Quality of Life measure-brief version (WHOQOL-BREF)...
April 15, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448090/is-it-possible-using-handgrip-strength-instead-of-body-mass-index-in-mna-sf-test-to-assess-the-nutritional-status-of-geriatric-patients
#17
M C Kizilarslanoglu, M K Kilic, D Gokce, T Sakalar, Z Ulger
INTRODUCTION: In Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) test, a practical and reliable alternative parameter is still necessary for patients with difficult body mass index evaluation. We aimed to show whether or not handgrip strength may be used instead of body mass index (BMI) in MNA-SF test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MNA-SF test scores, calf circumferences (CC), handgrip strength (HGS), and BMI of 191 patients were evaluated. The first one of calculated MNA-SF tests was with BMI, the second one with CC, and the last one with HGS...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448088/individually-tailored-dietary-counseling-among-old-home-care-clients-effects-on-nutritional-status
#18
S Pölönen, M Tiihonen, S Hartikainen, I Nykänen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of individually tailored dietary counseling on nutritional status among home care clients aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study sample consisted of 224 home care clients (≥ 75 years) (intervention group, n = 127; control group, n = 100) who were at protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) or risk of PEM (MNA score <24 and plasma albumin <35 g/L)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446028/impact-of-nutritional-supplementation-and-a-psychomotor-program-on-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
Odete Vicente de Sousa, Rita Soares Guerra, Ana Sofia Sousa, Bebiana Pais Henriques, Anabela Pereira Monteiro, Teresa Freitas Amaral
This study aims to evaluate the impact of oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) and a psychomotor rehabilitation program on nutritional and functional status of community-dwelling patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). A 21-day prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted and third intervention group performed a psychomotor rehabilitation program. Patients were followed up for 180 days. Mean (standard deviation) score of Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) increased both in the nutritional supplementation group (NSG; n = 25), 0...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445171/identification-of-depressive-signs-in-patients-and-their-family-members-during-ipad-based-audiovisual-sessions
#20
Carol E Smith, Marilyn Werkowitch, Donna Macan Yadrich, Noreen Thompson, Eve-Lynn Nelson
Home parenteral nutrition requires a daily life-sustaining intravenous infusion over 12 hours. The daily intravenous infusion home care procedures are stringent, time-consuming tasks for patients and family caregivers who often experience depression. The purposes of this study were (1) to assess home parenteral nutrition patients and caregivers for depression and (2) to assess whether depressive signs can be seen during audiovisual discussion sessions using an Apple iPad Mini. In a clinical trial (N = 126), a subsample of 21 participants (16...
April 25, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
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