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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229646/special-nutrition-intervention-is-required-for-muscle-protective-efficacy-of-physical-exercise-in-elderly-people-at-highest-risk-of-sarcopenia
#1
A Molnár, I Jónásné Sztruhár, Á A Csontos, Cs Ferencz, Sz Várbíró, B Székács
Progressive loss of muscle mass and strength is a physiological consequence of aging, and without interventions, it usually deteriorates into sarcopenia. In this study, the hypothesis that combined special nutritional-physiotherapeutical intervention to prevent or reverse this biological deterioration in elderly people was tested. The effects of the regular resistance muscle training (PT, n = 17) alone and the combined exercise + special nutrition therapy containing whey protein and vitamin D (PT + NT, n = 17) were monitored for 3 months in 34 elderly patients (12 men and 22 women; mean age: 66...
September 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228654/low-ft3-a-possible-marker-of-frailty-in-the-elderly
#2
Aldo Bertoli, Alessia Valentini, Maria Assunta Cianfarani, Elena Gasbarra, Umberto Tarantino, Massimo Federici
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is associated with a functional decline of multiple physiological systems, of which they may be a cause or consequence. The objective of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid hormone modifications in elderly frail subjects and its relationship with frailty. STUDY POPULATION AND METHODS: An observational study was carried out at the University Hospital "Tor Vergata" in Rome among ambulatory and hospitalized patients. The study population consisted of 112 elderly subjects: 62 were hospitalized following hip fracture and 50 control subjects were outpatients...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226276/different-associations-of-albuminuria-with-total-and-cardiovascular-mortality-by-concentrations-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-in-the-elderly
#3
Hyun-Woo Kim, Jung-Hyun Kim, Dong-Won Lee, Sang-Hyun Cho, Ji-Hoon Jung, Ki-Su Kim, Duk-Hee Lee
Epidemiologic studies have indicated that albuminuria is associated with mortality from all causes and cardiovascular disease (CVD), with substantial heterogeneity. We evaluated if the associations of urine albumin creatinine ratio (ACR) with all-cause and CVD mortality differed depending on serum concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), strong lipophilic chemical mixtures with very long half-lives, which are recently linked to many degenerative diseases. Study subjects were participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004 who were 60 years or older at baseline (n=1215 and 1067 for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and other POPs, respectively)...
February 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224090/vitamin-d-deficiency-insufficiency-from-childhood-to-adulthood-insights-from-a-sunny-country
#4
REVIEW
Motti Haimi, Richard Kremer
Vitamin D is known to be a key regulator of bone metabolism and is associated with muscle strength. Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent worldwide. In adults, vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in numerous health conditions including osteoporosis, cancer, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases. Considerable changes have occurred in lifestyles and childhood activities in the past years. Studies have shown that the children population is at high risks of vitamin D deficiency. The objective of this study was to learn about the extent of vitamin D deficiency in children worldwide and especially in sunny country like Israel...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219149/-study-on-vitamin-a-nutritional-status-of-chinese-urban-elderly-residents-in-2010-2012
#5
J Chen, Y C Hu, C Yang, C F Yun, R Wang, D Q Mao, W D Li, Y H Yang, X G Yang, L C Yang
Objective: To assess the vitamin A nutritional status of the Chinese urban elderly population by analyzing serum retinol level in 2010-2012. Methods: Data were collected from the Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey in 2010-2012. Using the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method, serum samples from elderly residents aged ≥60 years old were obtained from 34 metropolis and 41 middle-sized and small cities. Demographic data were collected using a questionnaire survey. The serum retinol concentration was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215200/health-team-for-the-elderly-a-feasibility-study-for-preventive-home-visits
#6
Berit Seiger Cronfalk, Astrid Fjell, Nina Carstens, Lars Malvin Kvinge Rosseland, Arvid Rongve, Dag-Helge Rönnevik, Åke Seiger, Knut Skaug, Karen Johanne Ugland Vae, Marianne Hauge Wennersberg, Anne-Marie Boström
: The aim was to describe the development, utilization and feasibility of a model of preventive home visits, in an urban and a rural municipality in Norway. BACKGROUND: Older people >65 years will rise significantly in coming years. Increased age is associated with risk of disability, illness and need for public health services. Preventive home visits is assumed to help older people to maintain their functional level longer, delaying disease and thus delaying the need for health care...
February 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214402/relationship-between-chewing-ability-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-rural-elderly
#7
Eun-Kyong Kim, Sung Kook Lee, Youn-Hee Choi, Makiko Tanaka, Kimiko Hirotsu, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hee-Kyung Lee, Yun-Sook Jung, Atsuo Amano
OBJECTIVE: Relationship between masticatory function and cognitive impairment had been suggested but still understudied. We investigated the association between chewing ability and cognitive impairment among the elderly living in a rural region. METHODS: A total of 295 elderly individuals aged ≥70 years in a rural city of Korea participated in a cross-sectional study. Trained nurses conducted interviews and assessed chewing ability using gum that changed color based on chewing performance...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201940/food-insecurity-and-its-association-with-school-absenteeism-among-rural-school-adolescents-in-jimma-zone-ethiopia
#8
Dessalegn Tamiru, Yabsira Melaku, Tefera Belachew
Studies showed that poor health and nutrition among school adolescents are major barriers to educational access and achievements in low-income countries. This school-based study was aimed to assess the association of school absenteeism and food insecurity among rural school adolescents from grades 5 to 8 in Jimma zone, Ethiopia. Regression analyses were used to see the strength of association between dependent and independent variables using odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictor of school absenteeism...
February 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198990/corticosteroids-and-hip-fracture-risk-in-elderly-respiratory-patients-epic-greece-cohort
#9
Anna Karakatsani, Michail Katsoulis, Eleni Klinaki, Antonia Trichopoulou
INTRODUCTION: In an ageing population the prevalence of osteoporosis and chronic respiratory diseases is expected to increase in the near future. Interestingly, several forms of corticosteroids, drugs implicated in osteoporosis pathogenesis, are prescribed to respiratory patients without taking into consideration their age and risk for osteoporotic fractures. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk for hip fracture of the elder individuals who are taking corticosteroids for respiratory disease, including inhalers...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196115/nutritional-assessment-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-rural-nepal
#10
Saruna Ghimire, Binaya Kumar Baral, Karen Callahan
BACKGROUND: Demographic transition in Nepal, like in many developing countries, has resulted in a burgeoning elderly population whose health status is not currently monitored. One pillar of health is adequate nutrition. Yet, little is known about the nutritional health status of the elderly in Nepal. The financial, material, and personnel limitations in Nepal's health delivery services necessitate health screening instruments that require minimal clinical staff and resources. To our knowledge, no such nutritional assessment tool has been validated in Nepal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187148/nutritional-status-and-body-composition-by-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-a-cross-sectional-study-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Ilaria Cova, Simone Pomati, Laura Maggiore, Marica Forcella, Valentina Cucumo, Roberta Ghiretti, Giulia Grande, Fulvio Muzio, Claudio Mariani
AIMS: Analysis of nutritional status and body composition in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a University-Hospital setting, recruiting 59 patients with AD, 34 subjects with MCI and 58 elderly healthy controls (HC). Nutritional status was assessed by anthropometric parameters (body mass index; calf, upper arm and waist circumferences), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and body composition by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168012/nutrition-and-age-ing-focusing-on-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
REVIEW
Giulia Abate, Mariagrazia Marziano, Wiramon Rungratanawanich, Maurizio Memo, Daniela Uberti
Recently, the role of food and nutrition in preventing or delaying chronic disability in the elderly population has received great attention. Thanks to their ability to influence biochemical and biological processes, bioactive nutrients are considered modifiable factors capable of preserving a healthy brain status. A diet rich in vitamins and polyphenols and poor in saturated fatty acids has been recommended. In the prospective of a healthy diet, cooking methods should be also considered. In fact, cooking procedures can modify the original dietary content, contributing not only to the loss of healthy nutrients, but also to the formation of toxins, including advanced glycation end products (AGEs)...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162889/development-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-council-on-nutrition-appetite-questionnaire-and-its-simplified-versions-and-evaluation-of-their-reliability-validity-and-reproducibility
#13
Yuko Tokudome, Keiko Okumura, Yoshiko Kumagai, Hirohiko Hirano, Hunkyung Kim, Shiho Morishita, Yutaka Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Because few Japanese questionnaires assess the elderly's appetite, there is an urgent need to develop an appetite questionnaire with verified reliability, validity, and reproducibility. METHODS: We translated and back-translated the Council on Nutrition Appetite Questionnaire (CNAQ), which has eight items, into Japanese (CNAQ-J), as well as the Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ-J), which includes four CNAQ-J-derived items. Using structural equation modeling, we examined the CNAQ-J structure based on data of 649 Japanese elderly people in 2013, including individuals having a certain degree of cognitive impairment, and we developed the SNAQ for the Japanese elderly (SNAQ-JE) according to an exploratory factor analysis...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161905/total-and-central-obesity-in-elderly-associated-with-a-marker-of-undernutrition-in-early-life-sitting-height-to-stature-ratio-a-nutritional-paradox
#14
Erika Aparecida Silveira, Carla Cristina da Conceição Ferreira, Valéria Pagotto, Annelisa Silva E Alves de Carvalho Santos, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether sitting height-to-stature ratio (SHSR) is associated with total and central obesity in the elderly. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 133 noninstitutionalized elderly. High SHSR (≥ 1SD above the mean) was used as a marker of undernutrition (MU) in early life. Poisson's multiple regression was used to determine the association between variables. RESULTS: The prevalence of high SHSR was 21...
February 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159059/the-association-between-anorexia-of-aging-and-physical-frailty-results-from-the-national-center-for-geriatrics-and-gerontology-s-study-of-geriatric-syndromes
#15
Kota Tsutsumimoto, Takehiko Doi, Hyuma Makizako, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the association between anorexia of aging and physical frailty among older people. STUDY DESIGN: An observational, cross-sectional cohort design was used with a sample of 4417 elderly Japanese citizens living in a community setting. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frailty was operationalized as the following frailty components: slowness, weakness, exhaustion, low level of physical activity, and weight loss. Participants were grouped as non-frail, pre-frail, and frail, and categorized as anorexic or not using questionnaire cutoff scores...
March 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157103/mortality-risk-after-diagnosis-of-early-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-versus-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#16
Ki Jung Chang, Chang Hyung Hong, Kang Soo Lee, Dae Ryong Kang, Jeong Dong Lee, Seong Hye Choi, Seong Yoon Kim, Duk L Na, Sang Won Seo, Do-Kwan Kim, Yunhwan Lee, Young Ki Chung, Ki Young Lim, Jai Sung Noh, Jungsik Park, Sang Joon Son
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the risk of mortality in patients with early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) versus those with late-onset AD (LOAD) using a large number of study subjects. We applied propensity score matching (PSM) to minimize confounding biases in the comparison between EOAD and LOAD. METHODS: We obtained data from elderly Korean subjects with AD (n = 3,611) at baseline from the CREDOS cohort study, which was conducted from November 2005 to July 2013...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#17
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
: 155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153387/-the-elderly-living-alone-and-malnutrition-solger-study
#18
Lidia Paino Pardal, Laia Poblet I Montells, Laura Ríos Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine if there are any connections between living alone and suffering from malnutrition or having a risk of being malnourished, in people over 79years old in a Mediterranean population. DESIGN: A questionnaire was used in a cross-sectional and multicentre study conducted between June and December 2014 in three Primary Care Centres (PCC). PARTICIPANTS: A quota was chosen for each centre, including all patients over 79years, with a total of 167 people...
January 30, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149314/transition-in-public-knowledge-of-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-an-iranian-general-population-a-latent-transition-analysis-lta-on-a-longitudinal-large-community-based-educational-prevention-program
#19
Mahsa Rafiee Alhossaini, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Awat Feizi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the second leading cause of death, after accidents, in Iran. This study was performed to assess the change in levels of knowledge about 8 risk factors of CVD and its associated determinants the Iranian general population. METHODS: The current repeated cross-sectional study included 3014 people in 2004, 3012 in 2005, and 4719 in 2007, aged older than 19 years. Knowledge about 8 risk factors (high blood pressure, nutrition, physical inactivity, smoking, diabetes, heredity, stress, and obesity) as the major causes of CVD was evaluated using latent transition analysis (LTA)...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144165/osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-women-impact-prevalence-and-management-challenges
#20
REVIEW
Pegah JafariNasabian, Julia E Inglis, Owen J Kelly, Jasminka Z Ilich
Osteosarcopenic obesity syndrome (OSO) has recently been identified as a condition encompassing osteopenia/osteoporosis, sarcopenia and obesity. OSO is especially deleterious in older adults (even if they are not obese by conventional measures), due to age-related redistribution of fat and its infiltration into bone and muscle. Osteoporosis and bone fractures in elderly increase the risk of sarcopenia, which, through decreased mobility, increases the risk of more falls and fractures, creating a vicious cycle...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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