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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790785/mental-health-trajectories-among-women-in-australia-as-they-age
#1
Thach Tran, Karin Hammarberg, Joanne Ryan, Judy Lowthian, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Alice Owen, Maggie Kirkman, Andrea Curtis, Heather Rowe, Helen Brown, Stephanie Ward, Carlene Britt, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the trajectories of mental health among women in Australia assessed in repeat waves from their early 70 s to the end of their lives or their mid 80 s. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data contributed by the 1921-26 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health Waves 1-6. Primary outcome was the 4-item SF-36 Vitality Subscale, which assesses mental health as life satisfaction, social participation, energy and enthusiasm. Structural, individual and intermediary factors were assessed using study-specific and standardised measures...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785098/sarcopenia-assessment-of-disease-burden-and-strategies-to-improve-outcomes
#2
REVIEW
Ilaria Liguori, Gennaro Russo, Luisa Aran, Giulia Bulli, Francesco Curcio, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce, Pasquale Abete
Life expectancy is increasing worldwide, with a resultant increase in the elderly population. Aging is characterized by the progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength - a phenomenon called sarcopenia. Sarcopenia has a complex multifactorial pathogenesis, which involves not only age-related changes in neuromuscular function, muscle protein turnover, and hormone levels and sensitivity, but also a chronic pro-inflammatory state, oxidative stress, and behavioral factors - in particular, nutritional status and degree of physical activity...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783781/nutraceuticals-in-periodontal-health-a-systematic-review-on-the-role-of-vitamins-in-periodontal-health-maintenance
#3
REVIEW
Alfonso Varela-López, María D Navarro-Hortal, Francesca Giampieri, Pedro Bullón, Maurizio Battino, José L Quiles
Periodontal disease, a relevant public health problem worldwide, is generally considered a common pathology of elderly people. In this respect, there is agreement about that nutritional status may be a modifying factor in the progression and healing of the periodontal tissues. Vitamins have been recommended as nutraceuticals for prevention and treatment of some pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity or cancer. Thus, a systematic approach to determining how the different vitamin type could ameliorate periodontal risks or improve periodontal health is necessary to further the understanding of the potential benefits and risks of vitamins supplementation use...
May 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782209/practical-assessment-and-management-of-vulnerabilities-in-older-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-asco-guideline-for-geriatric-oncology
#4
Supriya G Mohile, William Dale, Mark R Somerfield, Mara A Schonberg, Cynthia M Boyd, Peggy S Burhenn, Beverly Canin, Harvey Jay Cohen, Holly M Holmes, Judith O Hopkins, Michelle C Janelsins, Alok A Khorana, Heidi D Klepin, Stuart M Lichtman, Karen M Mustian, William P Tew, Arti Hurria
Purpose To provide guidance regarding the practical assessment and management of vulnerabilities in older patients undergoing chemotherapy. Methods An Expert Panel was convened to develop clinical practice guideline recommendations based on a systematic review of the medical literature. Results A total of 68 studies met eligibility criteria and form the evidentiary basis for the recommendations. Recommendations In patients ≥ 65 years receiving chemotherapy, geriatric assessment (GA) should be used to identify vulnerabilities that are not routinely captured in oncology assessments...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781483/dose-dependent-effects-of-fish-oil-on-cardio-metabolic-biomarkers-in-healthy-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-people-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Jia Song, Manjiang Hu, Cheng Li, Bo Yang, Qing Ding, Chunhong Wang, Limei Mao
n-3PUFA consumption has been widely accepted as a nutritional strategy for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but little is known about the dose-response relationship between dietary n-3PUFA and serum biomarkers associated with cardiovascular health in the general population. The present study involved a 12-week double-blind, randomized controlled trial to explore the effects of fish oil with different doses (0.31, 0.62 and 1.24 g d-1 of EPA and DHA) on serum fatty acids and cardio-metabolic biomarkers including adiponectin, inflammatory markers, lipid profiles and fasting glucose in healthy middle-aged and elderly Chinese people...
May 21, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779815/use-of-standard-enteral-formula-versus-enteric-formula-with-prebiotic-content-in-nutrition-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-study-among-neuro-critical-care-patients
#6
Piril Tuncay, Fatma Arpaci, Mutlu Doganay, Deniz Erdem, Arzu Sahna, Hulya Ergun, Dilek Atabey
OBJECTIVE: To compare use of standard enteral formula versus enteric formula with prebiotic content in terms of nutrition therapy related outcomes among neurocritical care patients. METHODS: A total of 46 adult neurocritical care patients who received nutrition therapy with standard enteral formula (SEF group; n = 23) or enteral formula with prebiotic content (EFPC group; n = 23) during their hospitalization in intensive care unit (ICU) were included in this prospective randomized controlled study...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779417/constipation-in-the-elderly-from-northern-sardinia-is-positively-associated-with-depression-malnutrition-and-female-gender
#7
Maria Pina Dore, Giovanni Mario Pes, Stefano Bibbò, Patrizia Tedde, Gabrio Bassotti
OBJECTIVES: Constipation is a common complaint in older adults. The rise in life expectancy may amplify the problem and increase social expenditure. We investigated the major risk factors associated with constipation in a large sample of elderly. METHODS: Outpatients from Northern Sardinia attending a Geriatric Unit between 2001 and 2014 were enrolled. Demographic and anthropometric data, income, education and self-reported bowel function were collected. The presence of constipation was adjusted for cognitive status, assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) test; single and cumulative illness rating scale (CIRS); current or past symptomatic depression and anxiety measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS); nutritional status, evaluated using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA); type and number of different medications used...
May 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777522/impact-of-insulin-degludec-in-hospitalized-patients-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-requiring-parenteral-enteral-nutrition-an-observational-study
#8
Giuseppe Fatati, Agnese Di Donato, Ilenia Grandone, Pina Menicocci, Eva Mirri, Giuseppe Prosperini, Marco Scardapane, Maria Chiara Rossi, Mariangela Palazzi
INTRODUCTION: Hyperglycemia in inpatients is a major problem, especially when nutritional support is required. This study aims to assess the impact of treatment with insulin degludec (IDeg) on mean blood glucose (BG) and glycemic variability in noncritical hospitalized patients with and without type 2 diabetes (T2DM) receiving enteral and/or parenteral nutrition (EN, PN). METHODS: Mean BG and glycemic variability from admission up to 7 days of hospitalization were evaluated in consecutive cases with and without T2DM...
May 17, 2018: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768912/association-between-urinary-sodium-levels-and-iodine-status-in-korea
#9
Jonghwa Ahn, Jang Ho Lee, Jiwoo Lee, Ji Yeon Baek, Eyun Song, Hye-Seon Oh, Mijin Kim, Suyeon Park, Min Ji Jeon, Tae Yong Kim, Won Bae Kim, Young Kee Shong, Won Gu Kim
Background/Aims: To evaluate the association between the urinary sodium concentration and iodine status in different age groups in Korea. Methods: This nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional study used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (VI 2-3, 2014 to 2015). We included 3,645 subjects aged 10 to 75 years with normal kidney function and without a history of thyroid disease. Adequate iodine intake was defined as a urinary iodine/creatinine (I/Cr) ratio of 85 to 220 µg/g...
May 18, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761426/predictors-of-self-reported-adherence-to-direct-oral-anticoagulation-in-a-population-of-elderly-men-and-women-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Andrea P Rossi, Roberto Facchinetti, Elena Ferrari, Nicole Nori, Selena Sant, Elena Masciocchi, Elena Zoico, Francesco Fantin, Gloria Mazzali, Mauro Zamboni
There is a general lack of studies evaluating medication adherence with self-report scales for elderly patients in treatment with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). The aim of the study was to assess the degree of adherence to DOAC therapy in a population of elderly outpatients aged 65 years or older affected by non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), using the 4-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale, and to identify potential factors, including the geriatric multidimensional evaluation, which can affect adherence in the study population...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759110/effects-of-a-multi-component-nutritional-telemonitoring-intervention-on-nutritional-status-diet-quality-physical-functioning-and-quality-of-life-of-community-dwelling-older-adults
#11
Marije N van Doorn-van Atten, Annemien Haveman-Nies, Marit M van Bakel, Monique Ferry, Maite Franco, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Jeanne H M de Vries
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of an intervention including nutritional telemonitoring, nutrition education, and follow-up by a nurse on nutritional status, diet quality, appetite, physical functioning and quality of life of Dutch community-dwelling elderly. We used a parallel arm pre-test post-test design with 214 older adults (average age 80 years) who were allocated to the intervention group (n 97) or control group (n 107), based on the municipality. The intervention group received a 6-month intervention including telemonitoring measurements, nutrition education and follow-up by a nurse...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756955/multicenter-study-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-non-critically-ill-elderly-patients-compared-to-younger-patients-study-iaios-pn-incidence-and-assessment-of-iatrogenesis-in-older-subjects-receiving-parenteral-nutrition
#12
Javier Mateu-de Antonio, David Berlana, Montserrat Pons-Bussom, Maria B Badia-Tahull, María Teresa Miana-Mena, Beatriz Martínez-Castro, Neus Sunyer-Esquerrà, Mónica Sanmartin-Suñer, Juan González-Valdivieso, Elisabet Leiva-Badosa, Eva Martínez-Bernabé, Anna Murgadella-Sancho, Nuria Mirerachs-Aranda, Anna Vila-Bundó, Jordi Fernández-Morató, María Teresa Vitales-Farrero
OBJECTIVE: this study assessed the incidence of hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and liver function test (LFT) alterations among patients older and younger than 65 years receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). A secondary objective was to compare the incidence of any of these three events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: inclusion criteria were non-critically ill adult inpatients receiving PN for ≥ 7 days in 15 hospitals in Spain. Exclusion criteria were hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, LFT alterations, sepsis, shock, pancreatic/hepatobiliary surgery, renal failure, diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1, insulin-treated DM type 2, acute DM complications, or obesity prior to PN...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754804/diabetes-mellitus-and-cardiovascular-risk-update-of-the-recommendations-of-the-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-working-group-of-the-spanish-diabetes-society-sed-2018
#13
Francisco Arrieta, Pedro Iglesias, Juan Pedro-Botet, Antonio Becerra, Emilio Ortega, Juan Carlos Obaya, Andreu Nubiola, Gonzalo Fernando Maldonado, Maria Del Mar Campos, Romina Petrecca, José Luis Pardo, Víctor Sánchez-Margalet, José Juan Alemán, Jorge Navarro, Santiago Duran, Francisco Javier Tébar, Manuel Aguilar, Fernando Escobar
This document is an update to the clinical practice recommendations for the management of cardiovascular risk factors in diabetes mellitus. The consensus is made by members of the Cardiovascular Risk Group of the Spanish Diabetes Society. We have proposed and updated interventions on lifestyle, pharmacological treatment indicated to achieve therapeutic objectives according to the levels of HbA1c, degree of obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, heart failure, platelet antiagregation, renal insufficiency, and diabetes in the elderly, as well as new biomarkers of interest in the evaluation of cardiovascular risk in individuals with diabetes mellitus...
May 10, 2018: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749754/predictors-of-mortality-during-hospitalization-and-3-months-after-discharge-in-elderly-people-with-and-without-dementia
#14
Josune Martín, Angel Padierna, Ane Anton-Ladislao, Inmaculada Moro, José M Quintana
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to assess mortality during hospitalization and 3 months after discharge in elderly people with and without dementia, and to identify variables that might predict mortality. METHODS: A prospective matched cohort study was conducted involving 195 inpatients with dementia and 204 inpatients without dementia. Information on sociodemographic, and clinical data were gathered. Patients completed questionnaires on premorbid basic (Barthel, BI) and instrumental activities of daily living (Lawton and Brody), quality of life (EuroQoL5-D; Quality of Life in Alzheimer's Disease), burden of the caregiver (Zarit)...
May 11, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749015/usual-energy-and-macronutrient-intakes-in-a-large-sample-of-iranian-middle-aged-and-elderly-populations
#15
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi, Leila Azadbakht, Noushin Mohammadifard, Maryam Maghroun, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: The present study aimed to assess the usual distribution of energy and macronutrient intake among a large representative sample of Iranian healthy middle-aged and elderly people. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a second follow-up survey of the Isfahan Cohort Study (ICS) was carried out; 1922 people aged 40 years and older were investigated. Dietary intakes were collected using 24-hour recall and two or more consecutive food records. Distribution of energy and macronutrient intake was estimated using traditional and National Cancer Institute (NCI) methods...
May 10, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747603/prevalence-of-general-and-abdominal-obesity-in-portugal-comprehensive-results-from-the-national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-2015-2016
#16
Andreia Oliveira, Joana Araújo, Milton Severo, Daniela Correia, Elisabete Ramos, Duarte Torres, Carla Lopes
BACKGROUND: This study includes, for the first time, estimates of general and abdominal obesity prevalence for all ages of the Portuguese population, using common standardized methodologies. Results are compared by sex, age groups, educational level and geographical regions. METHODS: Participants were a representative sample of the Portuguese population aged between 3 months and 84 years of age (n = 6553), enrolled in the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741197/how-to-manage-frail-older-adults-in-the-community-proposal-of-a-health-promotion-program-experienced-in-a-city-of-16-638-inhabitants-in-france
#17
J de Kerimel, N Tavassoli, C Lafont, M Soto, M Pedra, F Nourhashemi, C Lagourdette, L Bouchon, A Chaléon, S Sourdet, Y Rolland, M Cesari, B Vellas
BACKGROUND: Health promotion programs could prevent and delay frailty and functional decline. However, in practice, the planning and establishment of such a program is a challenge for health care providers. We report an experimental model of screening and management for frail elderly conducted in Cugnaux, city of 16,638 inhabitants in France, by the Toulouse Gerontopole and the social care service of the Cugnaux City Hall. METHODS: A frailty screening self-administered questionnaire (FiND questionnaire) was sent to community-dwelling residents of 70 years old and over of Cugnaux...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739965/a-non-invasive-modifiable-healthy-ageing-nutrition-index-hani-predicts-longevity-in-free-living-older-taiwanese
#18
Yi-Chen Huang, Mark L Wahlqvist, Yuan-Ting C Lo, Chin Lin, Hsing-Yi Chang, Meei-Shyuan Lee
Nutritional factors contributing to disability and mortality are modifiable in later life. Indices would add utility. We developed a gender-specific Healthy Ageing Nutrition Index (HANI) for all-cause mortality in free-living elderly. We stratified 1898 participants aged ≥65 y from the 1999-2000 Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan by region and randomly allocated them into development and validation sets. Linkage to the National Death Registry database until December 31, 2008 enabled mortality prediction using Cox proportional-hazards models...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739721/trends-in-influenza-vaccination-coverage-rates-in-south-korea-from-2005-to-2014-effect-of-public-health-policies-on-vaccination-behavior
#19
Jeongmin Seo, Juwon Lim
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Annual vaccination is effective in its prevention and is recommended especially in susceptible populations such as the elderly over 65 years, children younger than 5, pregnant women, and people with chronic diseases. Overall, South Korea has a high vaccination rate owing to its National Immunization Program, although the method and extent of its coverage varies among the target subgroups. The aim of this study is to assess the trend of influenza vaccination coverage between 2005 and 2014 in South Korea to address the influence of sociodemographic and disease factors on vaccination behavior...
May 5, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739477/selected-b-vitamins-and-their-possible-link-to-the-aetiology-of-age-related-sarcopenia-relevance-of-uk-dietary-recommendations
#20
N Aytekin, K N Mileva, A D Cunliffe
The possible roles of selected B vitamins in the development and progression of sarcopenia are reviewed. Age-related declines in muscle mass and function are associated with huge and increasing costs to healthcare providers. Falls and loss of mobility and independence due to declining muscle mass/function are associated with poor clinical outcomes and their prevention and management are attractive research targets. Nutritional status appears a key modifiable and affordable intervention. There is emerging evidence of sarcopenia being the result not only of diminished anabolic activity but also of declining neurological integrity in older age, which is emerging as an important aspect of the development of age-related decline in muscle mass/function...
May 9, 2018: Nutrition Research Reviews
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