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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806113/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-the-otap2014-study-v-vitamin-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#1
Erzsébet Schreiberné Molnár, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Barbara Nagy, Márta Bakacs, Orsolya Kis, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey was implemented on a sub-sample of the European Health Interview Survey. In this paper, the authors present the data on the vitamin intake of the Hungarian population. METHOD: The survey represents the vitamin intake of the Hungarian non-institutionalised adult population of 18 years and older. There are significant differences between men's and women's vitamin intake. RESULTS: The intake of all water-soluble vitamins except for vitamin C is higher in men than in women, and the difference between the genders regarding the intake of vitamin E and D is significant...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804010/frailty-and-malnutrition-related-and-distinct-syndrome-prevalence-and-association-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-studies
#2
Kai Wei, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Qi Gao, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze-Pin Ng
OBJECTIVE: The association between frailty and malnutrition is widely noted, but the common and distinct aspects of this relationship are not well understood. We investigated the prevalence of prefrailty/frailty and malnutrition/nutritional risk; their overlapping prevalence; compared their sociodemographic, physical, and mental health risk factors; and assessed their association, independently of other risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of population-based cohort (Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study [SLAS]-1 [enrolled 2003-2005] and SLAS-2 [enrolled 2010-2013]) of community-dwelling older Singaporeans aged ≥55 (n = 6045)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800274/relationships-between-self-reported-asthma-and-pulmonary-function-and-various-measures-of-obesity
#3
Jaeeun Myung, Hyeain Lee, Tae Hyun Kim, Euna Han
OBJECTIVE: We explore the association with self-reported asthma and pulmonary function based on spirometry measurements using different measures to determine obesity because body mass index (BMI) is limited in not differentiating fat and muscle mass. METHODS: A multi-year cross-sectional study using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data was conducted between July 2008 and May 2011. A total of 9409 subjects were included in the final analysis...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798761/harnessing-finger-millet-to-combat-calcium-deficiency-in-humans-challenges-and-prospects
#4
REVIEW
Swati Puranik, Jason Kam, Pranav P Sahu, Rama Yadav, Rakesh K Srivastava, Henry Ojulong, Rattan Yadav
Humans require more than 20 mineral elements for healthy body function. Calcium (Ca), one of the essential macromineral, is required in relatively large quantities in the diet for maintaining a sound overall health. Young children, pregnant and nursing women in marginalized and poorest regions of the world, are at highest risk of Ca malnutrition. Elderly population is another group of people most commonly affected by Ca deficiency mainly in the form of osteoporosis and osteopenia. Improved dietary intake of Ca may be the most cost-effective way to meet such deficiencies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790349/association-between-frailty-and-hypertension-prevalence-treatment-and-control-in-the-elderly-korean-population
#5
Min-Gu Kang, Sun-Wook Kim, Sol-Ji Yoon, Jung-Yeon Choi, Kwang-Il Kim, Cheol-Ho Kim
Frailty is a common geriatric syndrome characterized by increased risk of disability, hospitalization, and mortality. Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most common chronic medical conditions in the elderly. However, there have been few studies regarding the association between frailty and HTN prevalence, treatment, and control rates. We analyzed data of 4,352 older adults (age ≥ 65 years) from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We constructed a frailty index based on 42 items and classified participants as robust, pre-frail, or frail...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781941/barriers-attitudes-and-dietary-behaviors-regarding-sodium-reduction-in-the-elderly-korean-chinese-population-in-yanbian-china
#6
Jounghee Lee, Wenying Cui, Meixiang Jin
OBJECTIVES: This research investigated the barriers, attitudes, and dietary behaviors related to sodium reduction among the elderly Korean-Chinese population in Yanbian, China. METHODS: We conducted this pilot study using both descriptive research and a focus group interview at the elderly community center in Yanbian. RESULTS: In total, 21 elderly Korean-Chinese (average age, 71 years) were examined. The findings showed that the top three barriers to sodium reduction were 1) the difficulties associated with having meals with others, 2) a preference for liquid based-dishes, and 3) the lack of taste in low-sodium dishes...
June 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781229/height-loss-was-associated-with-osteoporosis-in-korean-elderly-men-not-in-women-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2010
#7
Kyung-Sik Ahn, Chang Ho Kang, Sung Bum Cho, Kyung-Hwan Cho, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Yang-Hyun Kim
The degree of height loss varies among individuals, and excessive height loss can be a vertebral fracture or bone loss manifestation. The objective of this study was to examine the relationships between height loss and bone mineral density (BMD) and to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis according to the height loss quartiles. Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. A total of 2799 participants more than 60 years old were included and subdivided into quartiles according to height loss (Q1-Q4)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780555/observational-study-of-vascular-dementia-in-the-spanish-elderly-population-according-to-type-2-diabetes-status-trends-in-incidence-characteristics-and-outcomes-2004-2013
#8
Nuria Muñoz-Rivas, Manuel Méndez-Bailón, José M de Miguel-Yanes, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Javier de Miguel-Díez, Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia, Ana López-de-Andrés
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends overtime in the incidence and in-hospital outcomes of vascular dementia (VaD) hospitalisations in patients aged 70 years or over suffering and not suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) between 2004 and 2013 in Spain. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Spain. PARTICIPANTS: National hospital discharge data were used; patients aged ≥70, discharged from a hospital with VaD as a primary diagnosis, were selected...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779822/impairments-in-skin-integrity
#9
REVIEW
Rose W Murphree
Altered skin integrity increases the chance of infection, impaired mobility, and decreased function and may result in the loss of limb or, sometimes, life. Skin is affected by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Intrinsic factors can include altered nutritional status, vascular disease issues, and diabetes. Extrinsic factors include falls, accidents, pressure, immobility, and surgical procedures. Ensuring skin integrity in the elderly requires a team approach and includes the individual, caregivers, and clinicians...
September 2017: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777356/health-effects-of-carotenoids-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#10
REVIEW
Monika A Zielińska, Aleksandra Wesołowska, Beata Pawlus, Jadwiga Hamułka
Adequate nutrition is particularly important during pregnancy since it is needed not only for maintaining the health of the mother, but also determines the course of pregnancy and its outcome, fetus development as well as the child's health after birth and during the later period of life. Data coming from epidemiological and interventions studies support the observation that carotenoids intake provide positive health effects in adults and the elderly population. These health effects are the result of their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties...
August 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767924/elderly-with-knee-osteoarthritis-should-perform-nutritional-assessment-integrative-literature-review
#11
Isabelle Ferreira da Silva Souza, Rosa Sá de Oliveira Neta, Juliana Maria Gazzola, Marcelo Cardoso de Souza
To review scientific literature to assess nutritional status of elderly patients with osteoarthritis in the last 16 years. This is an integrative literature review that included articles published in national and international journals indexed in PubMed, SciELO and BIREME. We selected 14 articles, and English language was predominant. The year of publication of articles ranged from 2006 to 2016, and most of papers were cross-sectional studies. To gather papers and for posterior evaluate, we used a validated data collection instrument and the included studies were critical analyzed by reading, gathering and analysis of articles...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766750/using-food-comfortability-to-compare-food-s-sensory-characteristics-expectations-of-elderly-people-with-or-without-oral-health-problems
#12
Mathilde Vandenberghe-Descamps, Claire Sulmont-Rossé, Chantal Septier, Gilles Feron, Hélène Labouré
Food consumption is by far the most important point where food's organoleptic properties can be perceived and can elicit sensory pleasure. Ageing is often accompanied by oral impairments. Those impairments may impact food perception by changing texture perception and the release of flavor components, which have a significant impact on food acceptability. The present study aimed at evaluating the impact of oral health on the perception of food comfortability in an elderly population. This was achieved by asking elderly people with a good oral health and elderly people with poor oral health to rate six cereal products and six meat products using a food comfortability questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763310/elderly-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-towards-a-frailty-approach
#13
Sonja Zweegman, Monika Engelhardt, Alessandra Larocca
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe how to better identify frail multiple myeloma patients and to treat them appropriately. RECENT FINDINGS: Proteasome inhibitors, such as bortezomib, carfilzomib, and ixazomib, and immunomodulatory agents (IMiDs), such as thalidomide, lenalidomide, and pomalidomide, have significantly improved the outcome of multiple myeloma patients in the last decade. However, both in clinical trials and in daily clinical practice, elderly multiple myeloma patients have shown lesser benefit...
July 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762628/prognostic-value-of-physical-function-tests-and-muscle-mass-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Rubén Hernández-Luis, Esther Martín-Ponce, María Monereo-Muñoz, Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Silvia Odeh-Santana, Emilio González-Reimers, Francisco Santolaria
AIM: To determine the prognostic value for mortality of physical function tests, muscle mass loss, disability and frailty in elderly hospitalized patients. METHODS: We prospectively included 298 hospitalized patients aged >60 years (152 men and 146 women). We assessed comorbidity using the Charlson Comorbidity Index; nutrition by body mass index, midarm muscle area and subjective nutritional score; physical muscle function by handgrip strength, gait speed, standing balance and stand up test; disability using the Barthel test and activities of daily living; frailty by the clinical frailty scale and Fried frailty index; and cognitive impairment by the Pfeiffer test...
August 1, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760658/frailty-body-composition-and-nutritional-status-in-non-institutionalised-elderly
#15
Leonel São Romão Preto, Maria do Carmo Dias Conceição, Telma Martins Figueiredo, Maria Augusta Pereira Mata, Pedro Miguel Barreira Preto, Ester Mateo Aguilar
OBJECTIVE: Frailty is a clinical syndrome characterized, among other signs, by involuntary weight loss and decreased muscle strength. The aim of this study was to analyse associations between frailty, body composition and nutritional status in non-institutionalised elderly people in the municipality of Alfândega (Braganza-Portugal). METHOD: Observational, prevalence and association study involving 220 elderly (mean 75.8±6.8 years of age; 68.8% women). Frailty was assessedt according to Fried criteria, body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis and nutritional status using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form...
July 28, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760428/influence-of-nutritional-status-in-the-diagnosis-of-sarcopenia-in-nursing-home-residents
#16
Beatriz Lardiés-Sánchez, Alejandro Sanz-París, Javier Pérez-Nogueras, Antonio Serrano-Oliver, María E Torres-Anoro, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and sarcopenia frequently coexist in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of nutritional status in the diagnosis of sarcopenia in nursing home residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with data collected from 339 elderly patients living in five nursing homes. Sarcopenia was defined according to the consensus definition of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Body mass composition was assessed using bioimpedance analysis, handgrip strength using a dynamometer, and physical performance by 5-m gait speed test...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751368/functional-correlates-of-detailed-body-composition-in-healthy-elderly-subjects
#17
Corinna Geisler, Lisa Schweitzer, Manfred James Müller
Methods of body composition analysis (BCA) are now widely used to characterize health status, i.e. nutritional status, metabolic rates and cardio-metabolic risk factors. However, the functional correlates of individual body components have not been systematically analyzed. A 2-compartment model was assessed by air displacement plethysmographie, detailed body composition (BC)was measured by whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a healthy population of 40 Caucasians aged 65 to 81 years (20 males; body mass index range: 18...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750610/an-exploratory-study-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-bcaa-preparation-used-in-combination-with-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#18
Munenori Takata, Eisuke Amiya, Masafumi Watanabe, Yumiko Hosoya, Atsuko Nakayama, Takayuki Fujiwara, Masanobu Taya, Gaku Oguri, Kanako Hyodo, Naoko Takayama, Nami Takano, Tomoe Mashiko, Yukari Uemura, Issei Komuro
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is generally complicated with patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and its presence negatively affects the course of heart failure, however effective nutritional intervention had not been elucidated yet. The primary objective of this study is to explore whether the addition of a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) preparation for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) of patients with CHF further improves cardiopulmonary functions, skeletal muscle functions, and metabolism in comparison with conventional CR...
July 27, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748481/public-health-relevance-of-drug-nutrition-interactions
#19
Szabolcs Péter, Gerjan Navis, Martin H de Borst, Clemens von Schacky, Anne Claire B van Orten-Luiten, Alexandra Zhernakova, Renger F Witkamp, André Janse, Peter Weber, Stephan J L Bakker, Manfred Eggersdorfer
The public health relevance of drug-nutrition interactions is currently highly undervalued and overlooked. This is particularly the case for elderly persons where multi-morbidity and consequently polypharmacy is very common. Vitamins and other micronutrients have central functions in metabolism, and their interactions with drugs may result in clinically relevant physiological impairments but possibly also in positive effects. On 12 April 2016, the University Medical Center Groningen (The Netherlands), as part of its Healthy Ageing program, organized a workshop on the public health relevance of drug-nutrient interactions...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747593/feeding-support-team-for-frail-disabled-or-elderly-people-during-the-early-phase-of-a-disaster
#20
Keisuke Maeda, Hiroshi Shamoto, Satoshi Furuya
Japan was struck by two catastrophic disasters on March 11, 2011 and on April 16, 2016. The former was the Great East Japan Earthquake (M9.0) and the latter was the Kumamoto Earthquake (M7.0). Most inhabitants in the affected areas of both disasters were forced to live in evacuation centers right after the earthquake. Poor oral hygiene, inactivity, malnourishment, appetite loss, eating problems, and swallowing problems due to lack of support for frail, disabled, or elderly evacuees occur during the early phases after a disaster...
August 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
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