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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348382/the-effect-of-ophiocephalus-striatus-extract-on-the-levels-of-igf-1-and-albumin-in-elderly-patients-with-hypoalbuminemia
#1
Roza Mulyana, Siti Setiati, Rose D Martini, Kuntjoro Harimurti, Noto Dwimartutie
BACKGROUND: a freshwater fish Ophiocephalus striatus or known locally to Indonesian as haruan,can potentially increases IGF-1 and albumin levels in elderly patients with hypoalbuminemia due to the contents of amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Ophiocephalus striatus extract on the level of IGF-1 and albumin in elderly patients with hypoalbuminemia. METHODS: the study is a double-blind randomized controlled trial involving malnourished elderly inpatients (≥60 years old) recovering from acute condition before hospital discharge, with Mini Nutritional Assessment score ≤23...
October 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346524/-effects-of-a-primary-care-based-multifactorial-intervention-on-physical-and-cognitive-function-in-frail-elderly-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Laura Romera-Liebana, Francesc Orfila, Josep Maria Segura, Jordi Real, Maria Lluïsa Fabra, Mercedes Möller, Santiago Lancho, Anna Ramirez, Nuria Marti, Montserrat Cullell, Nuria Bastida, Dolors Martinez, Maria Giné, Patricia Cendrós, Anna Bistuer, Elena Perez, Maria Assumpta Fabregat, Gonçal Foz
Background: Detecting and managing frailty at early stages can prevent disability and other adverse outcomes. The study aim was to evaluate whether a multifactorial intervention program could modify physical and cognitive frailty parameters in elderly individuals. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, single-blind, parallel-group trial in community-living pre-frail/frail elderly individuals in Barcelona. A total of 352 patients, aged ≥65 years old with positive frailty screening, was randomized into two groups to receive a 12-week multidisciplinary intervention or usual care, with concealed allocation...
January 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340964/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-simple-tool-for-assessment-of-malnutrition-among-geriatrics-in-northwest-of-iran-comparison-with-mini-nutritional-assessment
#3
Maryam Saghafi-Asl, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Nahid Karamzad, Lida Daeiefarshbaf, Parinaz Kalejahi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: Older people are more likely to develop nutritional problems and timely diagnosis of malnutrition is crucial to prevent hazardous consequences following poor nutrition. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status among non-hospitalized elderly, compared to mini nutritional assessment (MNA) among Iranian seniors. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four subjects, aged ≥ 65 years old were recruited to our cross-sectional study from various districts of Tabriz (Tabriz, Iran)...
January 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340834/limited-daily-feeding-and-intermittent-feeding-have-different-effects-on-regional-brain-energy-homeostasis-during-aging
#4
Kosara Smiljanic, Smilja Todorovic, Aleksandra Mladenovic Djordjevic, Tim Vanmierlo, Dieter Lütjohann, Sanja Ivkovic, Selma Kanazir
Albeit aging is an inevitable process, the rate of aging is susceptible to modifications. Dietary restriction (DR) is a vigorous nongenetic and nonpharmacological intervention that is known to delay aging and increase healthspan in diverse species. This study aimed to compare the impact of different restricting feeding regimes such as limited daily feeding (LDF, 60% AL) and intermittent feeding (IF) on brain energy homeostasis during aging. The analysis was focused on the key molecules in glucose and cholesterol metabolism in the cortex and hippocampus of middle-aged (12-month-old) and aged (24-month-old) male Wistar rats...
January 16, 2018: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340457/diet-quality-of-patients-with-chronic-chagas-disease-in-a-tertiary-hospital-a-case-control-study
#5
Mariana Pereira de Castilhos, Grazielle Vilas Bôas Huguenin, Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Emília Matos do Nascimento, Basílio de Bragança Pereira, Roberto Coury Pedrosa
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional status has been implicated in the modulation of the immune response, possibly augmenting the pathogenesis of Chagas disease (Cd). We evaluated diet quality and nutritional status in adults and elderly patients with chronic Cd in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: A case-control study of Cd patients was conducted, paired for gender, age, and co-morbidities with non-Cd patients. Anthropometric measurements and food frequency questionnaire was used, and diet quality was assessed by the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised (BHEI-R)...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340151/reference-values-for-spirometry-in-elderly-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study-of-different-reference-equations
#6
Joana Belo, Teresa Palmeiro, Iolanda Caires, Ana L Papoila, Marta Alves, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Maria A Botelho, Nuno Neuparth
Background: Spirometry is the single most important test for the evaluation of respiratory function. The results are interpreted by comparing measured data with predicted values previously obtained from a reference population. Reference equations for spirometry have been discussed previously. The aim of this study was to compare reference values based on National Health and Nutrition Assessment Survey (NHANES III), European Community of Steel and Coal (ECSC), and Global Lung Initiative (GLI) equations in an elderly sample population...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332119/autofluorescence-of-skin-advanced-glycation-end-products-as-a-risk-factor-for-open-angle-glaucoma-the-alienor-study
#7
Cedric Schweitzer, Audrey Cougnard-Gregoire, Vincent Rigalleau, Jean-Francois Dartigues, Florence Malet, Marie-Benedicte Rougier, Marie-Noelle Delyfer, Catherine Helmer, Jean-Francois Korobelnik, Cecile Delcourt
Purpose: To analyze the association between skin autofluorescence (sAF), estimating tissue accumulation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), and open angle glaucoma (OAG) in an elderly population. Methods: The Antioxydants, Lipides Essentiels, Nutrition and maladies OculaiRes (ALIENOR) study is an on-going epidemiologic population-based study on age-related eye diseases. In 2009 to 2010, 624 subjects, aged 74 years or older, were recruited. All subjects underwent a complete eye examination, including optic disc color photography and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) examination...
January 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324561/nursing-minimum-data-sets-for-documenting-nutritional-care-for-adults-in-primary-healthcare-a-scoping-review
#8
Sasja Jul Håkonsen, Preben Ulrich Pedersen, Merete Bjerrum, Ann Bygholm, Micah D J Peters
OBJECTIVE: To identify all published nutritional screening instruments that have been validated in the adult population in primary healthcare settings and to report on their psychometric validity. INTRODUCTION: Within health care, there is an urgent need for the systematic collection of nursing care data in order to make visible what nurses do and to facilitate comparison, quality assurance, management, research and funding of nursing care. To be effective, nursing records should accurately and comprehensively document all required information to support safe and high quality care of patients...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323761/chronic-critical-illness-application-of-what-we-know
#9
REVIEW
Martin D Rosenthal, Amir Y Kamel, Cameron M Rosenthal, Scott Brakenridge, Chasen A Croft, Frederick A Moore
Over the last decade, chronic critical illness (CCI) has emerged as an epidemic in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors worldwide. Advances in ICU technology and implementation of evidence-based care bundles have significantly decreased early deaths and have allowed patients to survive previously lethal multiple organ failure (MOF). Many MOF survivors, however, experience a persistent dysregulated immune response that is causing an increasingly predominant clinical phenotype called the persistent inflammation, immunosuppression, and catabolism syndrome (PICS)...
January 11, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318084/how-does-frailty-factor-into-mortality-risk-assessment-of-a-middle-aged-and-geriatric-trauma-population
#10
Sanjit R Konda, Ariana Lott, Hesham Saleh, Sebastian Schubl, Jeffrey Chan, Kenneth A Egol
Introduction: Frailty in elderly trauma populations has been correlated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The Score for Trauma Triage in the Geriatric and Middle-Aged (STTGMA) is a validated mortality risk score that evaluates 4 major physiologic criteria: age, comorbidities, vital signs, and anatomic injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the addition of additional frailty variables to the STTGMA tool would improve risk stratification of a middle-aged and elderly trauma population...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317979/a-case-of-multifaceted-assessment-in-an-elderly-patient-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure
#11
Hideto Sako, Midori Miyazaki, Yasunori Suematsu, Rie Koyoshi, Yuhei Shiga, Takashi Kuwano, Ken Kitajima, Atsushi Iwata, Katsura Yorinaga, Kanta Fujimi, Shin-Ichiro Miura
Heart failure (HF) is a common health problem worldwide, including in Japan. Unfortunately, patient outcomes remain poor, with a 5-year survival rate of approximately 50%. Therefore, we need to assess the precise conditions, including cardiac function, in patients with HF, particularly in the elderly. We performed a multifaceted assessment in an elderly patient with HF on admission and at discharge using eight different evaluations (the mean life expectancy using the Seattle Heart Failure Model (SHFM), the severity of dementia, nutrition, medication adherence, biomarker (the level of brain natriuretic peptide in blood), sociality, performance and comorbidity)...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314189/bite-or-brain-implication-of-sensorimotor-regulation-and-neuroplasticity-in-oral-rehabilitation-procedures
#12
REVIEW
Abhishek Kumar, Mohit Kothari, Anastasios Grigoriadis, Mats Trulsson, Peter Svensson
Tooth loss, decreased mass and strength of the masticatory muscles leading to difficulty in chewing have been suggested as important determinants of eating and nutrition in the elderly. To compensate for the loss of teeth, in particular, a majority of the elderly rely on dental prosthesis for chewing. Chewing function is indeed an important aspect of oral health and therefore, oral rehabilitation procedures should aim to restore or maintain adequate function. However, even if the possibilities to anatomically restore lost teeth and occlusion have never been better; conventional rehabilitation procedures may still fail to optimally restore oral functions...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313754/adipoq-45t%C3%A2-g-polymorphism-food-ingestion-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-elderly-persons
#13
Vanessa R Retamoso, Patrícia Maurer, Lyana B Feijóo, Graziela M S Tavares, Vanusa Manfredini, Jacqueline C E Piccoli
INTRODUCTION: The current nutritional transition process contributes further to accelerate the onset of metabolic disorders, as do a number of environmental factors that lead to the diagnosis of chronic diseases, as a diet of low nutritional value, is possibly related to the incidence of metabolic syndrome. In addition to these factors, metabolic syndrome may also be related to genetic factors, the ADIPOQ + 45T> G polymorphism has been associated with serum adiponectin levels, insulin sensitivity, and obesity, which affects adiponectin levels act as protective factor for cardiovascular disease...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302796/prehabilitation-a-new-area-of-integration-between-geriatricians-anesthesiologists-and-exercise-therapists
#14
Francesco Carli, Vanessa Ferreira
Surgery in combination with risk factors such as poor physical and nutritional status have detrimental effects on short- and long-term aspects of recovery and quality of life, especially in elderly patients whose functional reserve is limited. Strategies to minimize these effects and accelerate return to baseline levels have focused on the intra- and post-operative period; however, this may not be the most opportune time to intervene. Instead, the preoperative period may be a more emotionally salient and physically enabling time to initiate an intervention aimed at attenuating surgical stress and enhancing recovery after surgery...
January 4, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302547/can-mid-upper-arm-circumference-and-calf-circumference-be-the-proxy-measures-to-detect-undernutrition-among-elderly-findings-of-a-community-based-survey-in-rural-puducherry-india
#15
Kalaiselvi Selvaraj, R Jayalakshmy, Arjumand Yousuf, Arvind Kumar Singh, Gomathi Ramaswamy, C Palanivel
Introduction: Major proportion of the elderly with under nutrition is undetected in the community. One of the feasible ways to detect under nutrition among elderly would be screening in the field settings. in this study, we aimed to identify the utility of alternate anthropometric measures such as mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), calf circumference, and skin fold thickness in identifying under nutrition among elderly. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional survey was done among elderly in one of the randomly selected subcenters...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300431/effects-of-protein-essential-amino-acids-b-hydroxy-b-methylbutyrate-creatine-dehydroepiandrosterone-and-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-muscle-mass-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-older-people-aged-60-years-and-over-a-systematic-review-on-the-literature
#16
C Beaudart, V Rabenda, M Simmons, A Geerinck, I Araujo De Carvalho, J-Y Reginster, J Amuthavalli Thiyagarajan, O Bruyère
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review to investigate the effects protein, essential amino acids (EAA), β-hydroxy β-methylbutyrate (HMB), creatine, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and fatty acid supplementation on muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance of elderly subjects. METHODS: Using the electronic databases MEDLINE and EMBASE we identified RCTs published until February 2016 which assessed the effects of these nutrient supplementation on muscle strength, muscle mass or physical performance...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300430/nutritional-risk-and-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
R Damião, J Meneguci, Á da Silva Santos, A Matijasevich, P Rossi Menezes
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between nutritional risk and quality of life in community-dwelling elderly. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of individuals aged 60 years or older living in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais was conducted. Nutritional status was evaluated using the Mini Nutritional Assessment, and quality of life was determined using the WHOQOL-bref and WHOQOL-old. The absolute and relative frequency distributions for each domain were calculated, and chi-square tests were used to examine the association between nutritional risk and quality of life (dichotomous variables)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300421/validity-of-the-self-mini-nutritional-assessment-self-mna-for-the-evaluation-of-nutritional-risk-a-cross-sectional-study-conducted-in-general-practice
#18
L M Donini, W Marrocco, C Marocco, A Lenzi
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is a frequent condition in the elderly especially in hospitals and in nursing homes, and even among the free-living elders the prevalence is not negligible (5-10%). Awareness towards malnutrition is still limited. The lack of time for nutritional assessment by the overcommitted healthcare personnel, including the general practitioners (GPs), may represent one possible explanation for limited recognition of malnutrition. Therefore, a self-administered instrument could be useful in raising alert on the GPs and allow early detection of malnutrition and early care provision...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299751/risk-factors-for-unplanned-discontinuation-of-scheduled-treatment-in-elderly-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-results-of-the-ibutu-study
#19
Friedemann Honecker, Ulrich Wedding, Gerd Kallischnigg, Axel Schroeder, Jörg Klier, Thomas Frangenheim, Lothar Weißbach
PURPOSE: To gain knowledge about the factors associated with discontinuation of scheduled treatment in elderly men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). METHODS: Patients ≥ 70 years with CRPC starting a new line of treatment were included in a prospective cohort study. A geriatric assessment (CGA) was performed at baseline, including comorbidity, mobility, functional/mental/nutritional status, as well as depression. Furthermore, pain intensity, quality of life, ECOG-performance status, and physicians' and patients' perception of health were documented...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298649/an-inflammation-related-nutrient-pattern-is-associated-with-both-brain-and-cognitive-measures-in-a-multiethnic-elderly-population
#20
Yian Gu, Jennifer J Manly, Richard P Mayeux, Adam M Brickman
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggest that dietary factors are associated with Alzheimer's disease, and brain and cognitive health. It is unclear whether inflammation explains this association. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether an inflammation-related nutrient pattern (INP) was associated with neuroimaging and cognitive measures of brain health. METHOD: The current cross-sectional study included 330 non-demented elderly (mean age 79 years at MRI scan) participants in a multi-ethnic, community-based cohort study who had information on nutritional intakes (estimated from food frequency questionnaire), circulating C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 (measured by ELISA), MRI scans, and cognition...
January 1, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
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