Read by QxMD icon Read

malnutrition elderly

Shu-Fang Chang
PURPOSE: We investigated the relationships among geriatric syndrome, physiological functions, and body composition in community-dwelling older people with varying nutritional statuses. Other factors correlated with nutritional status in community-dwelling older people were also explored. BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has initiated preventive programs for addressing malnutrition. However, few studies have focused on the correlations among geriatric syndrome, physiological functions, and body composition in older people at risk of malnutrition...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Francesco Cavallin, Marco Scarpa, Matteo Cagol, Rita Alfieri, Alberto Ruol, Vanna Chiarion Sileni, Ermanno Ancona, Carlo Castoro
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate trends in patients' characteristics and comorbidities in esophageal cancer (EC) patients. BACKGROUND: Identifying changing pattern is essential to understand and predict further changes and to plan surgical procedures and resource allocation. METHODS: Trends in patients' characteristics and comorbidities were evaluated in 4440 EC patients at the Center for Esophageal Diseases in Padova, Italy, during 1980 to 2011...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Hope Barkoukis
Maintaining optimal health and well-being in the older adult requires understanding of how physiologic changes influence nutritional status, familiarity with the available validated tools to assess status, identification of factors predisposing older adults to malnutrition, and evidence-based practice regarding the nutritional needs of this age group. Evidence-based guidance on these core practice components is provided to the clinician in this article.
November 2016: Medical Clinics of North America
Ma Paz Redondo-Del-Río, Ma Alicia Camina-Martín, Laura Moya-Gago, Sandra de-la-Cruz-Marcos, Vincenzo Malafarina, Beatriz de-Mateo-Silleras
OBJECTIVE: To compare body composition as assessed by conventional and vector bioelectrical impedance analysis according to the nutritional cataloging using body mass index (BMI) in a group of institutionalized elderly. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 38 institutionalized elderly. Body composition was estimated by bioimpedance analysis. Differences in body composition were analyzed using t-test and ANOVA, or their corresponding nonparametric tests. Statistical significance was set at p<0...
October 10, 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Yogesh Sharma, Michelle Miller, Rashmi Shahi, Paul Hakendorf, Chris Horwood, Campbell Thompson
BACKGROUND: The rate of malnutrition among hospitalised elderly patients in Australia is 42.3%. Malnutrition is known to lead to significant adverse outcomes for the patients and increase hospital costs through increased use of resources. AIM: This study assessed nutrition screening adequacy and investigated factors associated with missed opportunity to diagnose malnutrition. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study involving 205 general medical patients aged ≥60 years admitted acutely in a tertiary hospital over a period of 1 year...
October 13, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Sami Hamdan Alzahrani, Ismail Abdelmoneim El Sayed, Sarah Mohammed Alshamrani
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is highly prevalent among the elderly and is associated with poor clinical prognosis, decreased functional status, and increased morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of geriatric malnutrition among outpatients of a geriatric clinic and to determine factors associated with malnutrition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient clinic of the King Abdul Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Lenche Neloska, Katerina Damevska, Andjelka Nikolchev, Lidija Pavleska, Biljana Petreska-Zovic, Milenko Kostov
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in elderly and is a risk factor for pressure ulcers. AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in geriatric and palliative patients hospitalised in long-term care facility, and to examine the influence of nutritional status on the prevalence of pressure ulcers (PU). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study including 2099 patients admitted to the Hospital during a 24 month period (January 2013 to December 2014)...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
C Ihle, C Bahrs, T Freude, M Bickel, I Spielhaupter, E Wintermeyer, L Stollhof, L Grünwald, P Ziegler, S Pscherer, U Stöckle, A Nussler
Background: The prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalised patients is reported to be between 16 and 55 % across disciplines. Within hospital care, screening for malnutrition is required. However, in orthopaedics and trauma surgery, there is still no generally accepted recommendation for the methods for such a data survey. In the present study, the following aspects are to be investigated with the help of two established scores: (1) the prevalence of malnutrition in the patient population of geriatric trauma care, and (2) the correlation between methods of data survey...
September 29, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Ramón Miralles, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Josep M Muniesa
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: The European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus definition of malnutrition has been applied in hospitalized older diabetics and middle-aged patients, geriatric outpatients, and healthy elderly and young individuals. In a post-acute care setting, our aim was to assess malnutrition (ESPEN definition) and determine its relationship with sarcopenia in older in-patients deconditioned due to an acute process. METHODS: Eighty-eight in-patients aged ≥70 years with body mass index (BMI) <30 kg/m(2) were included (84...
September 9, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Mario Tombini, Maura Sicari, Giovanni Pellegrino, Francesca Ursini, Pasqualina Insardá, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is one of the most important conditions that negatively affects the health of elder people, particularly in patients with dementia. OBJECTIVE: To provide an assessment of nutritional status of patients affected by Alzheimer's disease (AD) living at home and of their caregivers by means of Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and to explore the influence of different factors on nutrition. METHODS: 90 patients affected by AD living at home and 90 age- and sex-matched caregivers were enrolled...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Zdeněk Zadák
UNLABELLED: Sarcopenia is one of the severe disorders associated with nutritional imbalance. While sarcopenia is an inseparable part of the process of ageing as people get older, it plays a vital role in pathological situations such as protein-calorie and kwashiorkor malnutrition, it accompanies various diseases of rheumatic character and is an almost ever-present feature of the clinical picture of oncological patients. Sarcopenia in people under strain is fatally manifested mainly in the elderly, medically fragile patients...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Tatsuro Inoue, Syogo Misu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Hiroki Sakamoto, Kentaro Iwata, Yuki Chuman, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with hip fractures, and elderly patients with hip fractures lose functional independence and often fail to recover previous functional status. The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-fracture nutritional status predicts functional status of patients with hip fracture at discharge from acute hospitals. METHODS: In the present multicenter prospective cohort study, pre-fracture nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF)...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Ivan Tanasić, Tijana Radaković, Ljiljana Tihaček Šojić, Aleksandra Milić Lemić, Ivan Soldatović
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to find the correlation between the number, type, and placement of symmetric functional tooth units and the nutritional status using body mass index (BMI) and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) in patients with both maxillary and mandibular removable partial dentures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized study was conducted at the Clinic for Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Belgrade, Serbia, followed by determination of number of functional tooth units...
September 2016: International Journal of Prosthodontics
Agnese Collamati, Emanuele Marzetti, Riccardo Calvani, Matteo Tosato, Emanuela D'Angelo, Alex N Sisto, Francesco Landi
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a highly prevalent condition among the elderly and is associated with considerable morbidity, institutionalization and mortality. In its advanced stages, CHF is often accompanied by the loss of muscle mass and strength. Sarcopenia is a geriatric syndrome that has been actively studied in recent years due to its association with a wide range of adverse health outcomes. The goal of this review is to discuss the relationship between CHF and sarcopenia, with a focus on shared pathophysiological pathways and treatments...
July 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
Pedro Arroyo, Luis Miguel Gutiérrez-Robledo
The aim of this review is to present scientific evidence on the biological, dietary, cultural and economic advantages of cow´s milk and dairy products intake in adults, with emphasis on the elderly. The role of milk and dairy products as part of the regular diet, as well as their contribution to a healthy diet for the aged population is described. The updated scientific references on the importance of milk and dairy products on the dietary management of the most prevalent diseases of the eldery -among these energy-protein malnutrition, sarcopenia, obesity, sarcopenic obesity, osteoporosis, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases- are presented...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
Aimin Shi, Ziqi Tao, Peng Wei, Jing Zhao
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the main cause of mortality in heart patients following stroke, rheumatic heart disease and myocardial infarctions. Approximately 80% of individuals succumb to CVDs, due to poor living conditions in low and middle income families and malnutrition. Infectious diseases, human immunodeficiency, tuberculosis, malaria, high blood pressure or hypertension, obesity and overweight, and nutritional disorders including smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, high salt and sugar intake, as well as other factors are responsible for CVDs and CHDs in young as well as elderly individuals...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
A P Rossi, V Zanandrea, E Zoico, M Zanardo, C Caliari, S Confente, S Gabriele, G Mazzali, F Fantin, M Zamboni
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine changes in physical performance and handgrip strength during hospitalization as well as to evaluate their interrelationship with inflammatory and nutritional status. DESIGN: Data were available on 302 elderly patients with a mean age of 80.83±7.14 years. Handgrip strength, gait speed and chair-stand test were assessed at admission and before discharge. In all subjects, serum CRP values and Mini Nutritional Assessment scores were also evaluated...
August 31, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Masaaki Inaba
Chronic kidney disease causes secondary hyperparathyroidism due to an accumulation of phosphate in the circulation, resulting in the development of CKD-mineral bone disease(MBD), which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and fracture. Increase of bone fracture in CKD might be explained by phosphate overload, increased oxidative stress, malnutrition, and the increased risk of fall due to sarcopenia. It is recently emphasized that the overtreatment of osteoporosis might induce the development of adynamic bone disease by calcium overload and/or oversuppression of bone turnover, which might stimulate ectopic calcification including vessel wall...
September 2016: Clinical Calcium
Massimiliano Rizzi, Silvia Mazzuoli, Nunzia Regano, Rosa Inguaggiato, Margherita Bianco, Gioacchino Leandro, Elisabetta Bugianesi, Donatella Noè, Nicoletta Orzes, Paolo Pallini, Maria Letizia Petroni, Gianni Testino, Francesco William Guglielmi
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of undernutrition, risk of malnutrition and obesity in the Italian gastroenterological population. METHODS: The Italian Hospital Gastroenterology Association conducted an observational, cross-sectional multicenter study. Weight, weight loss, and body mass index were evaluated. Undernutrition was defined as unintentional weight loss > 10% in the last three-six months. Values of Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) > 2, NRS-2002 > 3, and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) from 17 to 25 identified risk of malnutrition in outpatients, inpatients and elderly patients, respectively...
July 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
E Luger, S Haider, A Kapan, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: For developed countries, healthy aging is one of the challenges and the number of healthy life years and especially the quality of life (QoL) are important. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the association between nutritional status and different domains of QoL in (pre)frail community-dwelling elders. DESIGN: Baseline data from persons, who participated in a 12-week nutritional and physical training intervention program, conducted from September 2013 - July 2015...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"