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malnutrition elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322550/hyposalivation-and-10-year-all-cause-mortality-in-an-elderly-japanese-population
#1
Masanori Iwasaki, Wenche S Borgnakke, Akihiro Yoshihara, Kayoko Ito, Hiroshi Ogawa, Kaname Nohno, Misuzu Sato, Kumiko Minagawa, Toshihiro Ansai, Hideo Miyazaki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of salivary flow rate with all-cause mortality among older Japanese adults. We hypothesised that hyposalivation would be a marker for mortality. BACKGROUND: Hyposalivation, which is an objectively measurable decrease in salivary flow, is highly prevalent among older adults. It is associated with malnutrition and poor general health. METHODS: The study population comprised 600 community-dwelling Japanese adults (306 men and 294 women), who were 70 years old at baseline...
January 10, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300430/nutritional-risk-and-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
R Damião, J Meneguci, Á da Silva Santos, A Matijasevich, P Rossi Menezes
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between nutritional risk and quality of life in community-dwelling elderly. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of individuals aged 60 years or older living in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais was conducted. Nutritional status was evaluated using the Mini Nutritional Assessment, and quality of life was determined using the WHOQOL-bref and WHOQOL-old. The absolute and relative frequency distributions for each domain were calculated, and chi-square tests were used to examine the association between nutritional risk and quality of life (dichotomous variables)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300421/validity-of-the-self-mini-nutritional-assessment-self-mna-for-the-evaluation-of-nutritional-risk-a-cross-sectional-study-conducted-in-general-practice
#3
L M Donini, W Marrocco, C Marocco, A Lenzi
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is a frequent condition in the elderly especially in hospitals and in nursing homes, and even among the free-living elders the prevalence is not negligible (5-10%). Awareness towards malnutrition is still limited. The lack of time for nutritional assessment by the overcommitted healthcare personnel, including the general practitioners (GPs), may represent one possible explanation for limited recognition of malnutrition. Therefore, a self-administered instrument could be useful in raising alert on the GPs and allow early detection of malnutrition and early care provision...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289386/mortality-risk-factors-in-elderly-patients-in-intensive-care-without-limitation-of-therapeutic-effort
#4
S E Giannasi, M S Venuti, A D Midley, N Roux, C Kecskes, E San Román
OUTCOME: To determine mortality prognostic factors in elderly patients who are admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) due to acute critical illness. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was carried out. SETTING: A polyvalent Intensive Care Unit at a University Hospital in Argentina. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: We included 249 patients over 65years of age who were consecutively admitted to the ICU and required mechanical ventilation for more than 48hours, between January 2011 and December 2012...
December 27, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285609/functional-compromise-cohort-study-fccs-sarcopenia-is-a-strong-predictor-of-mortality-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#5
P A de Hoogt, K W Reisinger, J J W Tegels, J W A M Bosmans, F Tijssen, J H M B Stoot
BACKGROUND: Functional compromise in elderly patients is considered to be a significant contributing factor in increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. It is described as a state of reduced physiologic reserves including, e.g., sarcopenia, cachexia, malnutrition and frailty with increased susceptibility to adverse health outcomes. Aim of this study was to investigate the association of sarcopenia with mortality in ICU patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a total of 687 patients admitted to the ICU from January 2013 until December 2014 was performed...
December 29, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280638/the-effects-of-a-high-protein-high-calorie-fiber-and-fructo-oligosaccharide-enriched-enteral-formula-on-nutritional-status-bowel-habits-and-tolerance-safety-and-effectiveness-of-enteral-nutrition-in-elderly-spanish-patients-sens-study
#6
Federico Miguel Cuesta Triana, Francisco Villazón González, Alejandro Sanz Paris, Juan Ignacio Ramos-Clemente Romero, José Enrique Palacio Abizanda, Rebeca Sanz Barriuso
BACKGROUND: Enteral nutrition (EN) is an effective nutritional intervention for patients at risk of malnutrition or malnourished. However, complications such as gastrointestinal intolerance, hyperglycemia or refeeding syndrome can be triggered by EN. AIM: To investigate the effects of a tube feeding formula (TFF) on patients' nutritional status, biochemical status, bowel habits and safety. METHODOLOGY: Observational, prospective and multicenter study...
October 27, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259934/the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-iranian-elderly-a-review-article
#7
REVIEW
Hassan Abolghasem Gorji, Mahtab Alikhani, Mohammad Mohseni, Mohammad Moradi-Joo, Hajar Ziaiifar, Ahmad Moosavi
Background: The elderly population following the improvement in health status and life expectancy in developing countries is increasing. Malnutrition causes decreased quality of life and increased mortality in elderly. This study aimed to review systematically and meta-analysis of studies assessing the prevalence of malnutrition among Iranian elderly people over 60 yr of age using Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA). Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted in 2016 to estimate the overall malnutrition prevalence...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243507/hydration-measured-by-doubly-labeled-water-in-als-and-its-effects-on-survival
#8
Connor N Scagnelli, Diantha B Howard, Mark B Bromberg, Edward J Kasarskis, Dwight E Matthews, Hiroshi M Mitsumoto, Zachary Simmons, Rup Tandan
We present a study of hydration in ALS patients and its effects on survival. This was a multicenter study over 48 weeks in 80 ALS patients who underwent 250 individual measurements using doubly labeled water (DLW). Total body water (TBW) and water turnover (a surrogate for water intake) were 3.4% and 8.6% lower, respectively, in patients compared to age- and gender-matched healthy controls, and both significantly decreased over study duration. In 20% of patients, water turnover measured over 10 d was 2 standard deviations below the mean value in healthy controls...
December 15, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238004/frailty-in-elderly-diabetes-patients
#9
Toshihiko Yanase, Ikumi Yanagita, Kazuo Muta, Hajime Nawata
Frailty is a state of vulnerability and a consequence of cumulative decline in multiple physiological systems over a lifespan. The occurrence of frailty depends on deterioration in muscle and nerve function, declining cardiopulmonary reserve and loss of executive function. Diabetes mellitus (DM) often causes functional impairment in each of the above systems, thus leading to a loss of whole body homeostasis and deterioration in physical function. Inability of self-management in DM patients may also have considerable impact on the development of sarcopenia/frailty...
December 14, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228152/effectiveness-of-nutritional-interventions-addressed-to-elderly-persons-umbrella-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
Andrea Poscia, Sonja Milovanovic, Daniele Ignazio La Milia, Mariusz Duplaga, Marcin Grysztar, Francesco Landi, Umberto Moscato, Nicola Magnavita, Agnese Collamati, Walter Ricciardi
Background: The number of Europeans aged over 65 will double between 2010 and 2060, reaching 30% of the European population. Nutrition is emerging as a key element of healthy life since both obesity and malnutrition are established risk factors for morbidity and disability. The aim of this umbrella review (UR) is to summarize the findings of all current systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyzes (MAs) on the effectiveness of nutritional intervention designed to promote healthy aging in older individuals...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222883/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-mortality-in-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-receiving-home-care
#11
Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Yan Zhou, Ping Liu, Bi-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216957/handgrip-strength-as-a-predictor-of-nutritional-status-in-chinese-elderly-inpatients-at-hospital-admission
#12
Xin Sheng Zhang, Ying Hua Liu, Yong Zhang, Qing Xu, Xiao Ming Yu, Xue Yan Yang, Zhao Liu, Hui Zi Li, Feng Li, Chang Yong Xue
OBJECTIVE: To assess nutritional status and define gender- and age-specific handgrip strength (HGS) cut-point values for malnutrition or nutritional risk in elderly inpatients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1,343 elderly inpatients was conducted in the Chinese PLA General Hospital. Nutrition Risk Screening (NRS 2002) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) were administered. Anthropometric measurements and blood biochemical indicators were obtained using standard techniques...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203430/optimization-of-perioperative-management-of-proximal-femoral-fracture-in-the-elderly
#13
REVIEW
P Merloz
Proximal femoral fracture in elderly subjects is a major event that is life-threatening in the medium-to-long term. Advanced age, male gender and number of comorbidities largely account for high mortality and require geriatric expertise. Protein-energy malnutrition and bone demineralization increase mortality. Mortality can, on the other hand, be reduced by acting on two variables accessible to medical intervention: daily activities and nutritional status. Functional and neurocognitive assessment allow the risk of dependency to be evaluated, and global geriatric work-up can prevent sudden breakdown of homeostasis...
December 1, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200622/nutritional-status-and-management-of-risks-due-to-physical-therapy-in-patients-hospitalized-for-long-periods
#14
Daisuke Kimura, Minako Murata, Yuko Kimura, Masahiro Nunotani, Yoshitaka Hayashi, Kazuo Abe
[Purpose] This study aimed to understand the nutritional status of patients hospitalized for long periods and the risk of physical therapy (PT) for such patients. [Subjects and Methods] Participants were selected from patients who were hospitalized at a designated medical long-term care sanatorium. The participants were divided into 5 groups (A-E) depending on their mode of energy intake and ambulatory ability during PT. The serum albumin level, energy intake, total daily energy expenditure, and total daily energy expenditure per session of PT (EEPT) were evaluated for each group...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188899/utility-of-three-prognostic-risk-scores-in-predicting-outcomes-in-elderly-non-malignant-patients-after-percutaneous-gastrostomy
#15
Ç Kalkan, A Ç Kartal, F Karakaya, A Tüzün, I Soykan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is a method of providing enteral feeding to patients who cannot take adequate oral nutrition. The aims of this study were to determine the performance of malnutrition and mortality scoring systems for predicting short and long-term mortality in elderly patients who had undergone gastrostomy procedure due to non-malignant conditions. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University hospital in Turkey...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188881/malnutrition-in-acutely-unwell-hospitalized-elderly-the-skeletons-are-still-rattling-in-the-hospital-closet
#16
Y Sharma, C Thompson, R Shari, P Hakendorf, M Miller
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common in hospitalized patients with prevalence rates of up to 30% in Australian hospitals with adverse consequences for both the patients and health care services. Despite formulation of nutritional screening protocols, not all hospitalized patients get nutritional screening. Real life screening rates of hospitalized elderly patients are unknown. AIM: The present study explored nutrition screening rate in acutely unwell elderly patients admitted in a large tertiary hospital and how these patients fared depending upon their nutrition status...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187325/relevance-of-g8-scale-in-referring-elderly-patients-with-aortic-stenosis-requiring-a-tavi-for-a-geriatric-consultation
#17
Albane de Thézy, Aurélie Lafargue, Lydie d'Arailh, Marina Dijos, Lionel Leroux, Nathalie Salles, Muriel Rainfray
Aortic stenosis (AS) may soon become a significant public health issue. Referring elderly suffering from aortic stenosis for a transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) versus surgical valve replacement might be difficult and requires a multidisciplinary staff. G8 is a geriatric screening scale for frailty, validated in oncogeriatry. We study sensibility and specificity of G8 used by cardiologists in comparison to a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) performed by geriatrician. Prospective study, from February to July 2015, in Bordeaux university Hospital, France...
December 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178313/association-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-bone-mass-and-inflammation-to-low-energy-distal-radius-fractures-and-fracture-healing-in-elderly-women-attending-emergency-care
#18
Simona I Chisalita, Lee Ti Chong, Maciej Wajda, Lars Adolfsson, Mischa Woisetschläger, Anna Spångeus
OBJECTIVE: Elderly patients suffer fractures through low-energy mechanisms. The distal radius is the most frequent fracture localization. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) plays an important role in the maintenance of bone mass and its levels decline with advancing age and in states of malnutrition. Our aim was to investigate the association of IGF1 levels, bone mass, nutritional status, and inflammation to low-energy distal radius fractures and also study if fracture healing is influenced by IGF1, nutritional status, and inflammation...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174562/an-even-distribution-of-protein-intake-daily-promotes-protein-adequacy-but-does-not-influence-nutritional-status-in-institutionalized-elderly
#19
Michael Tieland, Janne Beelen, Anna C M Laan, Shirley Poon, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Ego Seeman, Xiaofang Wang, Sandra Iuliano
OBJECTIVE: Although it has been established that sufficient protein is required to maintain good nutritional status and support healthy aging, it is not clear if the pattern of protein consumption may also influence nutritional status, especially in institutionalized elderly who are at risk of malnutrition. Therefore, we aim to determine the association between protein intake distribution and nutritional status in institutionalized elderly people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study among 481 institutionalized older adults...
November 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152220/preference-and-willingness-to-pay-for-nutritional-counseling-services-in-urban-hanoi
#20
Hai Viet Nguyen, Ngoc Bao Trinh, Huong Thi Le, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Hue Thi Mai, Tho Dinh Tran, Huong Thi Le, Bach Xuan Tran, Thuc Thi Minh Vu
Background: Despite substantial achievement in reducing malnutrition rates in Vietnam, there has been an increasing rate of overweight individuals in urban areas, which may result in a high burden of non-communicable diseases. Nutritional counseling clinics have been introduced in several settings; however, little is known about the preference for this service among urban clients. This study aimed to assess the preference and willingness to pay (WTP) for nutritional counseling services among urban clients.  Methods: We interviewed 429 clients who attended Hanoi Medical University Nutritional Counseling Clinic (Hanoi, Vietnam)...
2017: F1000Research
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