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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719103/associations-between-neighborhood-food-environments-and-deficient-protein-intake-among-elderly-people-in-a-metropolitan-suburb-a-case-study-in-kisarazu-city-japan
#1
Yuri Hamamatsu, Chiho Goto, Masaru Nishitani, Riko Shimadate, Junko Ueno, Yoko Kusakari, Masahiro Umezaki
OBJECTIVES: Living in a poor food environment and its association with an increased risk of inadequate nutrient intake are increasingly important issues in Japan due to an increase in the elderly population. METHODS: The present study examined the relationships between neighborhood food environment and the protein and fat intakes of elderly Japanese individuals (n = 181) living in the metropolitan Tokyo suburb of Kisarazu. RESULTS: A logistic regression analysis adjusted for sociodemographic and shopping behavior variables revealed associations between subjectively evaluated poor neighborhood food environment and deficient protein intake...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717811/effect-on-body-weight-quality-of-life-and-appetite-following-individualized-nutritional-counselling-to-home-living-elderly-after-rehabilitation-an-open-randomized-trial
#2
J Andersson, E Hulander, E Rothenberg, P Ole Iversen
OBJECTIVES: We examined if individually-adapted nutritional counselling could prevent > 5% weight loss among elderly patients 3 months after discharge from a rehabilitation institution. In addition we assessed quality of life (QoL) and appetite. DESIGN: An open, randomized trial. SETTING: Godthaab Health and Rehabilitation Institution in Bærum, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: Patients identified as being undernourished or at risk of disease-related malnutrition using the Nutritional Risk Screening tool NRS-2002...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709461/do-public-nursing-home-care-providers-deliver-higher-quality-than-private-providers-evidence-from-sweden
#3
Ulrika Winblad, Paula Blomqvist, Andreas Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Swedish nursing home care has undergone a transformation, where the previous virtual public monopoly on providing such services has been replaced by a system of mixed provision. This has led to a rapidly growing share of private actors, the majority of which are large, for-profit firms. In the wake of this development, concerns have been voiced regarding the implications for care quality. In this article, we investigate the relationship between ownership and care quality in nursing homes for the elderly by comparing quality levels between public, for-profit, and non-profit nursing home care providers...
July 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706853/a-case-of-ceftriaxone-associated-biliary-pseudolithiasis-in-an-elderly-patient-with-renal-dysfunction
#4
Shuichi Abe
Prior literature suggests that ceftriaxone causes formation of gallbladder stones at a relatively high frequency, and when abdominal symptoms occur, prompt investigation of the gallbladder is required with institution of appropriate treatment. Aging, malnutrition, renal impairment, and sepsis are risk factors for pseudolithiasis, and prevention of these is important to suppress gallstone development.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688052/carboplatin-plus-weekly-nanoparticle-albumin-bound-paclitaxel-in-elderly-patients-with-previously-untreated-advanced-squamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-selected-based-on-mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-scores-a-multicenter-phase-2-study
#5
Takayuki Shiroyama, Motohiro Tamiya, Seigo Minami, So Takata, Kentaro Masuhiro, Yu Futami-Nishijima, Takeshi Uenami, Masahide Mori, Taro Koba, Takanori Matsuki, Takayuki Takimoto, Hidekazu Suzuki, Norio Okamoto, Kiyoshi Komuta, Tomonori Hirashima, Atsushi Kumanogoh, Takashi Kijima
PURPOSE: This multicenter, single-arm, open-label, phase 2 study assessed the efficacy and safety of carboplatin plus weekly nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel in elderly patients with previously untreated advanced squamous non-small-cell lung cancer, selected based on the Mini Nutritional Assessment short-form scores (MNA-SF). METHODS: Patients received carboplatin (area under the curve: 6) on Day 1, and nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (100 mg/m(2)) on Days 1, 8, and 15, every 28 days for ≤4 cycles...
July 7, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682945/chronic-critical-illness-and-persistent-inflammation-what-can-we-learn-from-the-elderly-injured-septic-and-malnourished
#6
Vanessa Nomellini, Lewis J Kaplan, Carrie A Sims, Charles C Caldwell
Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who develop chronic critical illness significantly stress the clinical capacity and financial resources of healthcare systems. Although vast improvements have been made in critical care management, outcomes for this ICU subset remains poor. A hallmark for patients who progress to chronic critical illness is the development of persistent inflammation and immunosuppression. The risk factors associated with the development of chronic critical illness include increased age, medical comorbidities, severe injury, septic shock, and malnutrition...
July 4, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673255/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-associated-factors-among-hospitalized-elderly-patients-in-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#7
Sami H Alzahrani, Sultan H Alamri
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a nutritional disorder that adversely affects the body from a functional or clinical perspective. It is very often observed in the elderly population. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition among hospitalized elderly patients and its associated factors and outcomes in terms of length of stay and mortality in King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated the nutritional status of hospitalized elderly patients using the most recent version of the short form of Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-SF)...
July 3, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657169/pilot-study-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-on-predicting-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-type%C3%A2-2-diabetes
#8
Gong-Xiang Liu, Yan Chen, Ying-Xue Yang, Kun Yang, Jin Liang, Shuang Wang, Hua-Tian Gan
AIM: To date, few studies have focused on the nutritional status of elderly hospitalized patients with diabetes. Our aims were to explore the prevalence of malnutrition among elderly diabetes patients admitted to the hospital, and to explore the relationships between malnutrition and geriatric syndromes, diabetic complications, and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A prospective, observational study including diabetes patients aged ≥65 years was carried out in a central hospital in Western China...
June 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642623/predicting-long-term-mortality-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients-using-the-new-espen-definition
#9
Jiaojiao Jiang, Xiaoyi Hu, Jing Chen, Haozhong Wang, Lei Zhang, Birong Dong, Ming Yang
The European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) recently published new diagnostic criteria for malnutrition. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether malnutrition by the new ESPEN diagnostic criteria can predict long-term mortality in elderly inpatients. We conducted a prospective study in the acute geriatric wards. Malnutrition was defined according to the new ESPEN criteria and the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), respectively. The survival status was determined by telephone interviews at 3-years...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592102/-assessment-of-comprehensive-nutritional-status-and-eating-behavior-among-311-middle-aged-and-aged-women-with-osteoporosis-in-chengdu
#10
R P Zhao, W Z Wang, G P Cheng, H J Zhang, F M Zhou, Y Y Li, C Wu, L Q Yang, G Zeng
Objective: To investigate the comprehensive nutritional status and diet behavior of middle aged and elderly women with osteoporosis, and thereby to explore the relationship between diet behavior and comprehensive nutritional status. Methods: 311 middle-aged and elderly women with osteoporosis in Chengdu were included in this study. Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was applied to assess their comprehensive nutritional status. Information of social-demographic characteristics and diet behavior (about meals, snacks and water drinking, etc...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576381/agreement-between-hospital-discharge-diagnosis-codes-and-medical-records-to-identify-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-and-associated-comorbidities-in-elderly-patients
#11
A Gouverneur, D Dolatkhani, M Rouyer, A Grelaud, F Francis, V Gilleron, A Fourrier-Réglat, P Noize
BACKGROUND: Quality of coding to identify cancers and comorbidities through the French hospital diagnosis database (Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information, PMSI) has been little investigated. Agreement between medical records and PMSI database was evaluated regarding metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and comorbidities. METHODS: From 01/01/2013 to 06/30/2014, 74 patients aged≥65years at mCRC diagnosis were identified in Bordeaux teaching hospital...
May 30, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567345/dementia-and-osteoporosis-in-a-geriatric-population-is-there-a-common-link
#12
Candice L Downey, Adam Young, Emily F Burton, Simon M Graham, Robert J Macfarlane, Eva-Maria Tsapakis, Eleftherios Tsiridis
AIM: To determine the existence of a common pathological link between dementia and osteoporosis through reviewing the current evidence base. METHODS: This paper reviews the current literature on osteoporosis and dementia in order to ascertain evidence of a common predisposing aetiology. A literature search of Ovid MED-LINE (1950 to June 2016) was conducted. The keywords "osteoporosis", "osteoporotic fracture", "dementia" and "Alzheimer's disease" (AD) were used to determine the theoretical links with the most significant evidence base behind them...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561149/-preoperative-evaluation-and-arrangements-the-elderly-patient
#13
Cynthia Olotu-Steffen, Simone Gurlit, Rainer Kiefmann
With a constantly growing portion of elderly within our population and the advances of modern medicine, surgery on aged and very aged patients has become a daily hospital routine. Due to the physical and mental features of ageing these patients face special perioperative risks. They display a higher rate of complications, morbidity and cognitive deficits which might in the end lead to persisting need of care. Even in the healthy elderly, most organ functions are "physiologically" instable or deficient and the homeostasis of health and disease is fragile...
May 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558794/assessment-of-physical-activity-capacity-and-nutritional-status-in-elderly-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#14
Adamasco Cupisti, Claudia D'Alessandro, Viviana Finato, Claudia Del Corso, Battista Catania, Gian Marco Caselli, Maria Francesca Egidi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sedentarism, and to assess physical capacity and nutritional status in a cohort of older patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), with respect to age-matched non-dialysis CKD population, using highly accessible, simple methods, namely the Rapid Assessment of Physical activity (RAPA) test and the 30″ Sit-to-stand (STS) test. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter study included 151 renal patients older than 60 years; 71 pts...
May 30, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556518/low-hba1c-level-is-associated-with-severity-of-frailty-in-japanese-elderly-diabetic-patients
#15
Ikumi Yanagita, Yuya Fujihara, Terumi Eda, Misuzu Tajima, Kazue Yonemura, Tomoko Kawajiri, Noriko Yamaguchi, Hideko Asakawa, Yukiko Nei, Yumi Kayashima, Mihoko Yoshimoto, Yuichi Kitajima, Mayumi Harada, Yuhei Araki, Syoji Yoshimoto, Eiji Aida, Toshihiko Yanase, Hajime Nawata, Kazuo Muta
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Previously, a study using a narrowly defined (physical base) frailty scale reported that both good and bad (U-shaped curve) HbA1c levels were frailty risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, no such studies have demonstrated this in Japan. We aimed to evaluate the frailty risk factors including HbA1c in elderly Japanese patients with T2DM using a broadly defined (both physical and psychosocial base) frailty scale, the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS)...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548972/assessment-of-adult-malnutrition-and-prognosis-with-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-phase-angle-and-impedance-ratio
#16
Henry C Lukaski, Ursula G Kyle, Jens Kondrup
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition affects prognosis in many groups of patients. Although screening tools are available to identify adults at risk for poor nutritional status, a need exists to improve the assessment of malnutrition by identifying the loss of functional tissues that can lead to frailty, compromised physical function, and increased risk of morbidity and mortality, particularly among hospitalized and ill patients and older adults. Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) offers a practical approach to identify malnutrition and prognosis by assessing whole-body cell membrane quality and depicting fluid distribution for an individual...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545376/nutrition-as-a-health-determinant-in-elderly-patients
#17
Ignazio Grattagliano, Tecla Mastronuzzi
An adequate caloric intake is a major determinant for the health status especially when degenerative conditions become a predominant risk for difficult-to-treat diseases as in aging. The maintenance of the nutritional status is the best measure to counteract the risk of protein-caloric malnutrition and its complications which often sneakily affects elderly population and in particular frail patients. Both organic and social risk factors [economic hardship, loneliness, institutionalization] are important as determining causes...
May 23, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537333/changes-in-nutritional-and-functional-status-in-longer-stay-patients-admitted-to-a-geriatric-evaluation-and-management-unit
#18
A Whitley, E Skliros, C Graven, R McIntosh, C Lasry, C Newsome, A Bowie
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and functional decline are common in older inpatients admitted to subacute care settings. However the association between changes in nutritional status and relevant functional outcomes remains under-researched. This study examined changes in nutritional status, function and mobility in patients admitted to a Geriatric Evaluation and Management (GEM) unit who had a length of stay (LOS) longer than 21 days. DESIGN: A prospective, observational study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537324/validation-of-the-photography-method-for-nutritional-intake-assessment-in-hospitalized-elderly-subjects
#19
F Monacelli, M Sartini, V Bassoli, D Becchetti, A L Biagini, A Nencioni, M Cea, R Borghi, F Torre, P Odetti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate the photographic indirect method as an accurate and specific tool to assess nutritional intake in a cohort of elderly hospitalized patients. DESIGN: this is a prospective observational study. SETTING: hospital (geriatric acute ward and transitional care of IRCCSS AUO San Martino Hospital, Genoa, Italy). PARTICIPANTS: 255 consecutive elderly hospitalized patients...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537323/high-prevalence-of-malnutrition-among-elderly-veterans-in-home-based-primary-care
#20
A Z Win, C Ceresa, K Arnold, T A Allison
INTRODUCTION: Elderly Veterans enrolled in VA Home Based Primary Care (HBPC) programs suffer from many diseases including malnutrition. Nutrition screening tools exist in the VA system but they are inconsistently utilized across ambulatory care programs and are neither research validated nor comparable with non-VA populations. The Mini-Nutritional Assessment short-form (MNA-SF) has been validated in international studies in a variety of settings. The primary aim of this study was to find the prevalence of malnutrition among Veterans enrolled in HBPC programs...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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