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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737818/combined-effect-of-eating-alone-and-a-poor-nutritional-status-on-cognitive-decline-among-older-adults-in-taiwan
#1
Cheng-Lun Li, Ho-Jui Tung, Ming-Chin Yeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nutritional status is not only associated with older individuals' physical health but also has an impact on their cognitive functioning. Evidence indicates that a socially integrated lifestyle in the later stages of life protects against cognitive decline and dementia. This study tested the combined effect of two hazards, the risk of malnutrition and eating meals alone, on the cognitive changes among a representative sample of older Taiwanese individuals over an 8-year period...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737798/malnutrition-and-chronic-inflammation-as-risk-factors-for-sarcopenia-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture
#2
Jun-Il Yoo, Yong-Chan Ha, Hana Choi, Kyu-Hwang Kim, Young-Kyun Lee, Kyung-Hoi Koo, Ki-Soo Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate malnutrition and chronic inflammation as risk factors for sarcopenia in elderly patients with hip fractures, as defined by the criteria of the Asian Working Group on Sarcopenia (AWGS). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 327 elderly patients with hip fractures were enrolled in this retrospective observational study. The main outcome measure was the nutritional status and nutritional risk factors for sarcopenia in elderly patients...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730878/silver-absorption-and-toxicity-evaluation-of-silver-wound-dressings-in-40-patients-with-chronic-wounds
#3
C Brouillard, A-C Bursztejn, C Latarche, J-F Cuny, F Truchetet, J-P Goullé, J-L Schmutz
BACKGROUND: Silver-containing dressings are considered to be safe even though there have been some reports of complications, including argyria and various organ system dysfunctions. Despite the widespread use of silver dressings, little research has been done regarding the absorption and toxicity of silver. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the systemic absorption of silver in patients with chronic inflammatory wounds and to determine associated factors of systemic silver absorption and evaluated its association with silver toxicity...
May 6, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720931/assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-the-elderly-a-proposed-function-driven-model
#4
Stina Engelheart, Robert Brummer
Background: There is no accepted or standardized definition of 'malnutrition'. Hence, there is also no definition of what constitutes an adequate nutritional status. In elderly people, assessment of nutritional status is complex and is complicated by multi-morbidity and disabilities combined with nutrition-related problems, such as dysphagia, decreased appetite, fatigue, and muscle weakness. Objective: We propose a nutritional status model that presents nutritional status from a comprehensive functional perspective...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717757/the-role-of-nutritional-status-in-elderly-patients-with-heart-failure
#5
M Wleklik, I Uchmanowicz, B Jankowska-Polańska, C Andreae, B Regulska-Ilow
Evidence indicates that malnutrition very frequently co-occurs with chronic heart failure (HF) and leads to a range of negative consequences. Studies show associations between malnutrition and wound healing disorders, an increased rate of postoperative complications, and mortality. In addition, considering the increasing age of patients with HF, a specific approach to their treatment is required. Guidelines proposed by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) for treating acute and chronic HF refer to the need to monitor and prevent malnutrition in HF patients...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703453/association-of-positive-screening-for-dysphagia-with-nutritional-status-and-long-term-mortality-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients
#6
Ana B Mañas-Martínez, Marina Bucar-Barjud, Julia Campos-Fernández, José Antonio Gimeno-Orna, Juan Pérez-Calvo, Julia Ocón-Bretón
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) using the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) and its association with malnutrition and long-term mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to the general internal medicine ward. In the first 48hours after hospital admission, OD was assessed using the EAT-10, and presence of malnutrition with the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF). Association of OD to malnutrition and long-term mortality was analyzed...
April 24, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680239/protein-and-peptides-for-elderly-health
#7
Nan Shang, Chalamaiah Meram, Nandika Bandara, Jianping Wu
The world is aging rapidly; thus, the management of elderly health at an advanced age poses a new research challenge. The elderly is vulnerable to not only malnutrition but also hypofunction of all organs and a variety of chronic diseases such as sarcopenia, osteoporosis, gastrointestinal dysfunction, and mental problems. As the major macronutrient, food protein plays an important role in elderly health and well-being. In this chapter, the function of protein and peptide in elderly health as well as their effects on preventing aging-related disease is reviewed...
2018: Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628887/disease-specific-aspects-of-malnutrition-in-neurogeriatric-patients
#8
REVIEW
Tino Prell, Caroline Perner
Malnutrition in elderly patients is a common condition. Nevertheless, there is evidence on specific risk factors and problems of malnutrition in geriatric patients with neurological diseases. In this review, we summarize recent knowledge on malnutrition in different neurological diseases with a focus on elderly patients. This overview also provides strategies for a more specific and profound assessment of neurogeriatric patients to improve identification and treatment of malnutrition. Early and consequent treatment of malnutrition can lead to a decreased progression of the neurological disease and to a better quality of life in geriatric patients...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625779/b-type-natriuretic-peptide-may-predict-prognosis-in-older-adults-admitted-with-a-diagnosis-other-than-heart-failure
#9
S Di Marca, A Rando, E Cataudella, A Pulvirenti, S Alaimo, V Terranova, T Corriere, M Pisano, R Di Quattro, M L Ronsisvalle, C M Giraffa, M Giordano, B Stancanelli, L Malatino
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The diagnosis of heart failure (HF) in elderly patients is often difficult, due to overlap of typical signs and symptoms with those of comorbidities. B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) predicts diagnosis and prognosis of HF, but little is known on its predictive role of short-term prognosis when admission diagnosis is other than HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively recruited 404 consecutive patients (aged≥65 years) hospitalized in the Unit of Internal Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy, with an admission diagnosis other than HF...
March 2, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614534/-current-concepts-of-cardiologic-therapies-in-the-elderly
#10
Ursula Müller-Werdan, Kristina Norman
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION IN THE OLD PATIENT: Even old patients may crucially benefit from reopening the occluded coronary artery by percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation. Bleeding complications can be reduced by choosing the radial instead of the femoral vascular approach for cardiac catheterization. STATINS FOR THE ELDERLY: WHEN TO START UND WHEN TO STOP?: Elderly benefit no less than the younger from statins. "Goal-oriented statin therapy" is preferable to the "statin strategy of fixed dose"...
April 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607456/oral-health-and-chemotherapy-act-as-cofactors-in-malnutrition-in-the-elderly-with-other-cancers-than-head-and-neck-malignancies
#11
Nada El Osta, Lana El Osta, Claire Lassauzay, Marwan Ghosn, Stephanie Tubert-Jeannin, Martine Hennequin
OBJECTIVES: This study explores whether the chemotherapy regimen has a role in inducing oral health problems and malnutrition in elderly patients with other cancers than head and neck malignancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was designed to compare the relationships between oral health and nutritional status between four groups of elderly differing in cancer or chemotherapy regimen. Data were collected using a questionnaire including the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and questions about perception of xerostomia...
April 2, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606602/adductor-muscle-thickness-of-the-thumb-a-new-and-reliable-parameter-for-nutritional-assessment-of-pediatric-inpatients
#12
Juliana Paludo Vallandro, Luciana da Silveira Klein Campos, Laura Dresch Neumann, Elza Daniel de Mello
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) is a promising method for evaluation of muscle loss and, consequently, malnutrition in adult and elderly patients. However, to date, there have been no studies of its applicability to the pediatric population. Within this context, we sought to evaluate the association of APMT with anthropometric variables, body mass index (BMI), pediatric Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) of nutrition, nutritional screening, and clinical outcomes in hospitalized pediatric patients...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590725/nutritional-issues-and-nutrition-support-in-older-home-care-patients-in-the-city-of-zagreb
#13
Darija Vranešić Bender, Marta Kovačević, Miro Hanževački, Božena Vrabec, Vanesa Benković, Viktor Domislović, Željko Krznarić
Population aging is a global demographic trend showing continuous growth and among its consequences is a rise in malnutrition that is characteristic for the elderly. The objective of this study was to evaluate nutritional status of elderly home care patients immediately after hospital discharge and to determine factors that affect nutritional status using questionnaires based on validated tools (NRS-2002, DETERMINE checklist) and basic medical history data. The study involved 76 elderly individuals (51.3% of them older than 70) living in the City of Zagreb...
December 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587356/dietary-patterns-and-their-relationship-with-frailty-in-functionally-independent-older-adults
#14
Mónica Machón, Maider Mateo-Abad, Kalliopi Vrotsou, Xabier Zupiria, Carolina Güell, Leonor Rico, Itziar Vergara
The impact of dietary patterns rather than single foods or nutrients on health outcomes is increasingly recognized. This cross-sectional study examines the dietary patterns of 527 non-institutionalized functionally independent older people aged ≥70 years from Gipuzkoa (Spain). Sociodemographic characteristics, health status, anthropometric measures and dietary data are collected. Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) and cluster analysis are performed to identify dietary patterns and groups of individuals...
March 24, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579102/association-between-cognitive-function-and-supplementation-with-omega-3-pufas-and-other-nutrients-in-%C3%A2-75-years-old-patients-a-randomized-multicenter-study
#15
Joaquin Baleztena, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Carmen Sayon-Orea, Maria Pardo, Teresa Añorbe, Jose Ignacio Gost, Carmen Gomez, Belen Ilarregui, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
A few studies have assessed the association between omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and cognitive impairment (CI) in very old adults. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a multinutrient supplementation rich in n-3 PUFA on the cognitive function in an institutionalized ≥75-year-old population without CI or with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). A multicenter placebo-controlled double-blind randomized trial was conducted between 2012 and 2013. Cognitive function was assessed at baseline and after one year using 4 neuropsychological tests...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576345/a-review-of-the-validity-of-malnutrition-screening-tools-used-in-older-adults-in-community-and-healthcare-settings-a-manuel-study
#16
REVIEW
Lauren Power, Deirdre Mullally, Eileen R Gibney, Michelle Clarke, Marjolein Visser, Dorothee Volkert, Laura Bardon, Marian A E de van der Schueren, Clare A Corish
BACKGROUND: Older adults are at increased risk of malnutrition compared to their younger counterparts. Malnutrition screening should be conducted using a valid malnutrition screening tool. An aim of the Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life (HDHL) Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) 'Malnutrition in the Elderly Knowledge Hub' (MaNuEL) was to review the reported validity of existing malnutrition screening tools used in older adults. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to identify validation studies of malnutrition screening tools in older populations in community, rehabilitation, residential care and hospital settings...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566923/cutaneous-infections-in-the-mature-patient
#17
Maria Cristina Ribeiro de Castro, Marcia Ramos-E-Silva
Dermatologists must be familiar with the peculiarities of the micro-organisms that may affect the elderly, in order to optimize the diagnosis and treatment of infections, which may affect their skin, especially because the world population is rapidly aging. It is estimated that there will be 434 million individuals over 80 years of age in 2050. Since the elderly population is rapidly increasing and their infections are usually more severe and different from those observed in younger adults, it leads to a statistical increase of the rates regarding hospitalization and mortality caused by infectious diseases among people over 85 years...
March 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565151/-protein-intake-serum-lipids-and-muscle-strenght-in-the-elderly
#18
Norma Amador-Licona, Evelin Valeria Moreno-Vargas, Claudia Martinez-Cordero
INTRODUCTION: The daily protein recommendation for adults is 0.8 g/kg/day; however, several studies argue that an intake of 1.0-1.5 g protein/kg/day could benefit the health of the elderly. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the protein intake and serum lipid levels in elderly patients with hip fracture, determining their correlation with the grip strength in both hands. METHODS: The study included 47 adult patients aged 65-85 years hospitalized for recent hip fracture...
January 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552761/investigation-on-nutritional-risk-assessment-and-nutritional-support-status-of-surgical-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#19
Yunlei Wang, Jianwei Zheng, Zhigang Gao, Xiaofeng Han, Fanrong Qiu
PURPOSE: To investigate the malnutrition, the incidence of nutritional risk and the application of nutritional support for patients with colorectal cancer, so as to provide a basis for the rational clinical application of nutritional support. METHODS: A total of 264 surgical patients with colorectal cancer treated/followed up from January 2016 to March 2017 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital were selected. The nutritional risk was assessed using the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS2002), and the nutritional risk and application of nutritional support for patients with different gender, age and clinical disease stage were analyzed; the hospitalization duration and postoperative complications were also analyzed and compared...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534680/performance-of-a-brief-geriatric-evaluation-compared-to-a-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-for-detection-of-geriatric-syndromes-in-family-medicine-a-prospective-diagnostic-study
#20
Yolanda K Mueller, Stefanie Monod, Isabella Locatelli, Christophe Büla, Jacques Cornuz, Nicolas Senn
BACKGROUND: Geriatric syndromes are rarely detected in family medicine. Within the AGE program (active geriatric evaluation), a brief assessment tool (BAT) designed for family physicians (FP) was developed and its diagnostic performance estimated by comparison to a comprehensive geriatric assessment. METHODS: This prospective diagnostic study was conducted in four primary care sites in Switzerland. Participants were aged at least 70 years and attending a routine appointment with their physician, without previous documented geriatric assessment...
March 13, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
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