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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592102/-assessment-of-comprehensive-nutritional-status-and-eating-behavior-among-311-middle-aged-and-aged-women-with-osteoporosis-in-chengdu
#1
R P Zhao, W Z Wang, G P Cheng, H J Zhang, F M Zhou, Y Y Li, C Wu, L Q Yang, G Zeng
Objective: To investigate the comprehensive nutritional status and diet behavior of middle aged and elderly women with osteoporosis, and thereby to explore the relationship between diet behavior and comprehensive nutritional status. Methods: 311 middle-aged and elderly women with osteoporosis in Chengdu were included in this study. Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was applied to assess their comprehensive nutritional status. Information of social-demographic characteristics and diet behavior (about meals, snacks and water drinking, etc...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576381/agreement-between-hospital-discharge-diagnosis-codes-and-medical-records-to-identify-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-and-associated-comorbidities-in-elderly-patients
#2
A Gouverneur, D Dolatkhani, M Rouyer, A Grelaud, F Francis, V Gilleron, A Fourrier-Réglat, P Noize
BACKGROUND: Quality of coding to identify cancers and comorbidities through the French hospital diagnosis database (Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information, PMSI) has been little investigated. Agreement between medical records and PMSI database was evaluated regarding metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and comorbidities. METHODS: From 01/01/2013 to 06/30/2014, 74 patients aged≥65years at mCRC diagnosis were identified in Bordeaux teaching hospital...
May 30, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567345/dementia-and-osteoporosis-in-a-geriatric-population-is-there-a-common-link
#3
Candice L Downey, Adam Young, Emily F Burton, Simon M Graham, Robert J Macfarlane, Eva-Maria Tsapakis, Eleftherios Tsiridis
AIM: To determine the existence of a common pathological link between dementia and osteoporosis through reviewing the current evidence base. METHODS: This paper reviews the current literature on osteoporosis and dementia in order to ascertain evidence of a common predisposing aetiology. A literature search of Ovid MED-LINE (1950 to June 2016) was conducted. The keywords "osteoporosis", "osteoporotic fracture", "dementia" and "Alzheimer's disease" (AD) were used to determine the theoretical links with the most significant evidence base behind them...
May 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561149/-preoperative-evaluation-and-arrangements-the-elderly-patient
#4
Cynthia Olotu-Steffen, Simone Gurlit, Rainer Kiefmann
With a constantly growing portion of elderly within our population and the advances of modern medicine, surgery on aged and very aged patients has become a daily hospital routine. Due to the physical and mental features of ageing these patients face special perioperative risks. They display a higher rate of complications, morbidity and cognitive deficits which might in the end lead to persisting need of care. Even in the healthy elderly, most organ functions are "physiologically" instable or deficient and the homeostasis of health and disease is fragile...
May 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558794/assessment-of-physical-activity-capacity-and-nutritional-status-in-elderly-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#5
Adamasco Cupisti, Claudia D'Alessandro, Viviana Finato, Claudia Del Corso, Battista Catania, Gian Marco Caselli, Maria Francesca Egidi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sedentarism, and to assess physical capacity and nutritional status in a cohort of older patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), with respect to age-matched non-dialysis CKD population, using highly accessible, simple methods, namely the Rapid Assessment of Physical activity (RAPA) test and the 30″ Sit-to-stand (STS) test. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter study included 151 renal patients older than 60 years; 71 pts...
May 30, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556518/low-hba1c-level-is-associated-with-severity-of-frailty-in-japanese-elderly-diabetic-patients
#6
Ikumi Yanagita, Yuya Fujihara, Terumi Eda, Misuzu Tajima, Kazue Yonemura, Tomoko Kawajiri, Noriko Yamaguchi, Hideko Asakawa, Yukiko Nei, Yumi Kayashima, Mihoko Yoshimoto, Yuichi Kitajima, Mayumi Harada, Yuhei Araki, Syoji Yoshimoto, Eiji Aida, Toshihiko Yanase, Hajime Nawata, Kazuo Muta
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Previously, a study using a narrowly defined (physical base) frailty scale reported that both good and bad (U-shaped curve) HbA1c levels were frailty risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, no such studies have demonstrated this in Japan. We aimed to evaluate the frailty risk factors including HbA1c in elderly Japanese patients with T2DM using a broadly defined (both physical and psychosocial base) frailty scale, the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS)...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548972/assessment-of-adult-malnutrition-and-prognosis-with-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-phase-angle-and-impedance-ratio
#7
Henry C Lukaski, Ursula G Kyle, Jens Kondrup
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition affects prognosis in many groups of patients. Although screening tools are available to identify adults at risk for poor nutritional status, a need exists to improve the assessment of malnutrition by identifying the loss of functional tissues that can lead to frailty, compromised physical function, and increased risk of morbidity and mortality, particularly among hospitalized and ill patients and older adults. Bioimpedance analysis (BIA) offers a practical approach to identify malnutrition and prognosis by assessing whole-body cell membrane quality and depicting fluid distribution for an individual...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545376/nutrition-as-a-health-determinant-in-elderly-patients
#8
Ignazio Grattagliano, Tecla Mastronuzzi
An adequate caloric intake is a major determinant for the health status especially when degenerative conditions become a predominant risk for difficult-to-treat diseases as in aging. The maintenance of the nutritional status is the best measure to counteract the risk of protein-caloric malnutrition and its complications which often sneakily affects elderly population and in particular frail patients. Both organic and social risk factors [economic hardship, loneliness, institutionalization] are important as determining causes...
May 23, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537333/changes-in-nutritional-and-functional-status-in-longer-stay-patients-admitted-to-a-geriatric-evaluation-and-management-unit
#9
A Whitley, E Skliros, C Graven, R McIntosh, C Lasry, C Newsome, A Bowie
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and functional decline are common in older inpatients admitted to subacute care settings. However the association between changes in nutritional status and relevant functional outcomes remains under-researched. This study examined changes in nutritional status, function and mobility in patients admitted to a Geriatric Evaluation and Management (GEM) unit who had a length of stay (LOS) longer than 21 days. DESIGN: A prospective, observational study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537324/validation-of-the-photography-method-for-nutritional-intake-assessment-in-hospitalized-elderly-subjects
#10
F Monacelli, M Sartini, V Bassoli, D Becchetti, A L Biagini, A Nencioni, M Cea, R Borghi, F Torre, P Odetti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to validate the photographic indirect method as an accurate and specific tool to assess nutritional intake in a cohort of elderly hospitalized patients. DESIGN: this is a prospective observational study. SETTING: hospital (geriatric acute ward and transitional care of IRCCSS AUO San Martino Hospital, Genoa, Italy). PARTICIPANTS: 255 consecutive elderly hospitalized patients...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537323/high-prevalence-of-malnutrition-among-elderly-veterans-in-home-based-primary-care
#11
A Z Win, C Ceresa, K Arnold, T A Allison
INTRODUCTION: Elderly Veterans enrolled in VA Home Based Primary Care (HBPC) programs suffer from many diseases including malnutrition. Nutrition screening tools exist in the VA system but they are inconsistently utilized across ambulatory care programs and are neither research validated nor comparable with non-VA populations. The Mini-Nutritional Assessment short-form (MNA-SF) has been validated in international studies in a variety of settings. The primary aim of this study was to find the prevalence of malnutrition among Veterans enrolled in HBPC programs...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535359/association-between-nutrition-status-and-survival-in-elderly-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#12
Katia Barao, Mariana Abe Vicente Cavagnari, Patricia Silva Fucuta, Nora Manoukian Forones
BACKGROUND: Aging patients with cancer have a higher risk of mortality and treatment-associated morbidity than younger patients. Nutrition status may play an important role in cancer mortality. We aimed to evaluate the survival time of elderly patients with colorectal cancer and its association with body mass index (BMI), the patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), and phase angle (PA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: BMI, PG-SGA, and PA were determined for all patients (n = 250) at first assessment...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533984/predictive-ability-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-mna-sf-in-a-free-living-elderly-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Raimunda Montejano Lozoya, Nieves Martínez-Alzamora, Gonzalo Clemente Marín, Silamani J A Guirao-Goris, Rosa María Ferrer-Diego
BACKGROUND: Various scales have been used to perform a quick and first level nutritional assessment, and the MNA is one of the most used and recommended by experts in the elderly in all areas. This scale has a short form, the MNA-SF, revised and validated in 2009, which has two versions: the BMI-MNA-SF contains the first six items of the full scale including Body Mass Index while the CC-MNA-SF includes Calf Circumference instead of BMI. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive ability for nutritional status of the two versions of the MNA-SF against the MNA in free-living elderly in the province of Valencia...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531791/an-innovative-brioche-enriched-in-protein-and-energy-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-malnourished-nursing-home-residents-compared-to-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-usual-breakfast-farine-project
#14
Virginie Van Wymelbeke, Laurent Brondel, Francis Bon, Isabelle Martin-Pfitzenmeyer, Patrick Manckoundia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To compare the effects of a 12-week nutritional intervention, in which an innovative protein-and-energy-enriched brioche, an oral nutritional supplement or a usual breakfast were eaten, on food intake and nutritional status in nursing home residents. DESIGN: Three-armed, multicentre, controlled trial. SETTING: Eight nursing homes in Burgundy, France. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight malnourished participants aged between 70 and 99 years old...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531786/malnutrition-related-deaths
#15
Maja Sparre-Sørensen, Gustav N Kristensen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studies have shown that malnutrition increases the risk of morbidity, mortality, the length of hospital stay, and costs in the elderly population. Approximately one third of all patients admitted to geriatric wards in Denmark are malnourished according to the Danish Geriatric database. The aim of this study is to describe and examine the sudden increase in deaths due to malnutrition in the elderly population in Denmark from 1999 and, similarly, the sudden decline in malnutrition related deaths in 2007...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531586/implementation-of-a-web-based-intervention-targeting-health-care-professionals-to-increase-their-knowledge-regarding-the-implementation-of-nutritional-screening-and-detecting-malnutrition-in-the-elderly
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530213/-the-model-of-perioperative-risk-assessment-in-elderly-patients-interim-analysis
#17
Izabela Grabowska, Lucyna Ścisło, Szymon Pietruszka, Elzbieta Walewska, Agata Paszko, Benita Siarkiewicz, Piotr Richter, Andrzej Budzyński, Antoni M Szczepanik
Demographic changes in contemporary society require implementation of proper perioperative care of elderly patients due to an increased risk of perioperative complications in this group. Preoperative assessment of health status identifies risks and enables preventive interventions, improving outcomes of surgical treatment. The Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment contains numerous diagnostic tests and consultations, which is expensive and difficult to use in everyday practice. The development of a simplified model of perioperative assessment of elderly patients will help identifying the group of patients who require further diagnostic workup...
April 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472530/investigation-of-the-benefits-of-early-malnutrition-screening-with-telehealth-follow-up-in-elderly-acute-medical-admissions
#18
Yogesh Sharma, Campbell Thompson, Billingsley Kaambwa, Rashmi Shahi, Paul Hakendorf, Michelle Miller
Background.: The benefit of providing early nutrition intervention and its continuation post-discharge in older hospitalized patients is unclear. This study examined efficacy of such an intervention in older patients discharged from acute care. Methods.: In this randomized controlled trial, 148 malnourished patients were randomized to receive either a nutrition intervention for three months or usual care. Intervention included an individualized nutrition care plan plus monthly post-discharge telehealth follow-up whereas control patients received intervention only upon referral by their treating clinicians...
May 4, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469357/healthcare-maintenance-in-elderly-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#19
REVIEW
Manish P Shrestha, Joannie Ruel, Sasha Taleban
The increasing number of older patients (age ≥60 years) with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) highlights the importance of healthcare maintenance in this vulnerable population. Older IBD patients are more susceptible and have higher rates of many disease- and treatment-related adverse effects. Compared to younger IBD patients, older patients are at increased risk for infection, malignancy, bone disease, eye disease, malnutrition and thrombotic complications. Preventive strategies in the elderly differ from those in younger adults and are imperative...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456537/quality-of-life-functional-impairment-and-social-factors-as-determinants-of-nutritional-status-in-older-adults-the-verisa%C3%A3-de-study
#20
Ana Maseda, Clara Diego-Diez, Laura Lorenzo-López, Rocío López-López, Laura Regueiro-Folgueira, José C Millán-Calenti
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is an important and growing health problem in elderly people. The main aim of this research was to examine the relationship between socio-demographic factors, social resources, functional status and quality of life and malnutrition or risk of malnutrition in elders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a representative sample of 749 community-dwelling elders aged 65 years and over. A comprehensive assessment was carried out, including the collection of socio-demographic factors, social resources by the Older Americans Resources and Services Scale, nutritional status by the Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form, functional status by the Lawton's instrumental activities of daily living scale and quality of life by the World Health Organizations's Quality of Life measure-brief version (WHOQOL-BREF)...
April 15, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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