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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642859/exercise-induced-bronchospasm-and-allergy
#1
REVIEW
Serena Caggiano, Renato Cutrera, Antonio Di Marco, Attilio Turchetta
Sport is an essential part of childhood, with precious and acknowledged positive health effects but the impact of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) significantly reduces participation in physical activity. It is important to recognize EIB, differentiating EIB with or without asthma if the transient narrowing of the airways after exercise is associated with asthmatic symptoms or not, in the way to select the most appropriate treatment among the many treatment options available today. Therapy is prescribed based on symptoms severity but diagnosis of EIB is established by changes in lung function provoked by exercise evaluating by direct and indirect tests...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548873/students-with-asthma-and-its-impacts
#2
Elif Isik, Ismet S Isik
Asthma is a common chronic disease in children. Uncontrolled asthma is a significant contributor to school absenteeism, emergency room visits, and hospitalization, all of which can lead to low school performance, financial burdens, and emotional problems for children and their parents. Asthma in children restricts the activities of school-aged children, such as participating in before- and after-school activity and extracurricular activities such as sports. Uncontrolled asthma has the potential to impact a student's self-confidence and social interactions...
May 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509868/compact-eucapnic-voluntary-hyperpnoea-apparatus-for-exercise-induced-respiratory-disease-detection
#3
Lulu Wang, Ahmed Al-Jumaily
Eucapnic voluntary hyperpnoea (EVH) challenge provides objective criteria for exercise-induced asthma (EIA) or exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), and it was recommended to justify the use of inhaled β₂-agonists by athletes for the Olympics. This paper presents the development of a compact and easy-to-use EVH apparatus for assessing EIB in human subjects. The compact apparatus has been validated on human subjects and the results have been compared to the conventional EVH system. Twenty-two swimmers, including eleven healthy subjects and eleven subjects who had been physician-diagnosed with asthma, were recruited from sport and recreation centers throughout Auckland, New Zealand...
May 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392338/cannabis-exercise-performance-and-sport-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Michael C Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence relating to the effect of cannabis on exercise performance. DESIGN: A systematic review of published literature METHODS: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the principal psychoactive component of cannabis. A search was conducted using PUB med, Medline and Embase searching for cannabis, marijuana, cannabinoids and THC, in sport and exercise; the contents of sports medicine journals for the last 10 years; as well as cross references from journals and a personal collection of reprints...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318759/asthma-education-taught-by-physical-education-teachers-at-grade-schools-a-randomised-cluster-trial
#5
M Praena-Crespo, N Aquino-Llinares, J C Fernández-Truan, L Castro-Gómez, C Segovia-Ferrera
OBJECTIVE: Assess whether the Asthma, Sport and Health (ASAH) programme taught by teachers improves asthmatics' quality of life, asthma knowledge, and reduces school absenteeism. DESIGN: Randomised cluster trial parallel group. PARTICIPANTS: 2293 students (203 asthmatic) in the Intervention School group (IS) and 2214 in the Comparison School (CS) (224 asthmatic) belonging to primary school. INTERVENTION: Implementation of the educational programme "Asthma, Sport and Health" at grade schools, taught by physical education teachers...
March 15, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314090/prevalence-age-at-onset-and-risk-factors-of-self-reported-asthma-among-swedish-adolescent-elite-cross-country-skiers
#6
L M Eriksson, T Irewall, Anne Lindberg, Nikolai Stenfors
The objective of the study was to compare the prevalence of self-reported physician-diagnosed asthma and age at asthma onset between Swedish adolescent elite skiers and a reference group and to assess risk factors associated with asthma. Postal questionnaires were sent to 253 pupils at the Swedish National Elite Sport Schools for cross-country skiing, biathlon, and ski-orienteering ("skiers") and a random sample of 500 adolescents aged 16-20, matched for sport school municipalities ("reference"). The response rate was 96% among the skiers and 48% in the reference group...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298259/phenotypic-analysis-of-asthma-in-japanese-athletes
#7
Keisuke Tsukioka, Toshiyuki Koya, Hiroshi Ueno, Masachika Hayashi, Takuro Sakagami, Takashi Hasegawa, Masaaki Arakawa, Eiichi Suzuki, Toshiaki Kikuchi
BACKGROUND: Asthma in athlete populations such as Olympic athletes has various pathogeneses. However, few reports are available on the features of asthma in the athlete population in clinical practice. In this study, we focused on classifying asthma in Japanese athlete population. METHODS: We performed a cluster analysis of data from pulmonary function tests and clinical biomarkers before administering inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) therapy in athlete population of individuals diagnosed with asthma (n = 104; male, 76...
March 12, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225537/laryngeal-sensitivity-testing-in-youth-with-exercise-inducible-laryngeal-obstruction
#8
Irena Hočevar-Boltežar, Uroš Krivec, Maja Šereg-Bahar
Exercise-inducible laryngeal obstruction (EILO) has been recognized as a not rare respiratory problem in youth practicing sports. The aim of the study was to test the mechanosensitivity of the larynx, and to identify the factors affecting it in a group of youth with proven EILO. Laryngeal sensory testing was performed in 54 adolescents and young adults with EILO. Laryngeal mucosal alterations were assessed according to the Reflux Finding Score (RFS). The data concerning diseases possibly affecting the upper airway, findings of previously performed flexible videolaryngoscopy during exercise, and RFS score were compared between the participants with laryngeal hyposensitivity and those with normal sensitivity...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141723/anxiety-associated-with-asthma-exacerbations-and-overuse-of-medication-the-role-of-cultural-competency
#9
Yousuke T Horikawa, Tina Y Udaka, Janet K Crow, John I Takayama, Martin T Stein
Toshi, a 14-year-old Japanese boy, had uncontrolled asthma after relocating from Japan with his family 1 year ago. In Japan, he was diagnosed with moderate, persistent asthma, which was controlled with salmeterol and albuterol on an as needed basis. Since moving to the United States, Toshi complained of frequent dyspnea.Initially, he was seen by a Japanese physician who prescribed 200 mg of fluticasone 3 times a day and albuterol nebulization as needed. When Toshi came to the Pediatric Primary Care Clinic, he reported using his nebulizer up to 25 times daily...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140625/ncaa-football-off-season-training-unanswered-prayers%C3%A2-a-prayer-answered
#10
Scott Anderson
Off-season training in year-round collegiate football is purported to be performance enhancing. Absent principles of exercise physiology, excesses in sport-training regimens pose risk to the participant athletes. Since 2000, 33 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) football players have died in sport: 27 nontraumatic deaths and 6 traumatic deaths, a ratio of 4.5 nontraumatic deaths for every traumatic death. On average, 2 NCAA football players die per season. Best practices, consensus guidelines, and precautions are ignored, elevating the risk...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139319/paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion-pvfm-in-pediatric-otolaryngology
#11
Blake Smith, Claudio Milstein, Bryan Rolfes, Samantha Anne
INTRODUCTION: Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) is a condition in which the vocal cords exhibit inappropriate inspiratory adduction, and it has been poorly studied in the pediatric population. METHODS: Pediatric patients diagnosed with PVCM by a pediatric otolaryngologist and doctor of speech pathology from 2008 to 2012 were reviewed. Patients in whom another cause for their respiratory disturbance was eventually identified were excluded. Patient demographics, characteristics, treatment, and outcomes were reviewed...
March 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134228/knowledge-on-bronchial-asthma-among-teachers-and-educators-preliminary-results-of-a-pilot-study
#12
Andrzej Witusik, Łukasz Mokros, Tadeusz Pietras
One of the elements contributing to development of health-promoting behaviors is knowledge transmitted by teachers. AIM: The aim of the research was to assess the teachers' and educators' knowledge on bronchial asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey consisting of closed multiple choice questions concerning bronchial asthma was conducted among 106 teachers. The questionnaire contained 12 questions selected by competent judges. To verify statistical hypotheses, we used Pearson Chi2 test with Benjamini-Hochberg correction...
January 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126431/sex-differences-in-asthma-in-swimmers-and-tennis-players
#13
Kerstin Romberg, Ellen Tufvesson, Leif Bjermer
BACKGROUND: Elite athletes, independent of sport, have increased risk of developing asthma, but little is known about sex difference among adolescent athletes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare sex-related differences according to symptoms and treatment of asthma, allergy, and health among elite athletes and a reference group. METHODS: Adolescent elite swimmers (n = 101), tennis players (n = 86), and a reference group (n = 1,628) responded to a questionnaire about respiratory symptoms, allergy, health behavior, psychosomatic symptoms, self- esteem, and well-being...
March 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028401/the-prevalence-of-allergic-rhinitis-eczema-and-asthma-in-students-of-guidance-schools-in-mazandaran-province-iran
#14
Daniel Zamanfar, Javad Gaffari, Salar Behzadnia, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati, Sahar Tavakoli
BACKGROUND: Eczema, allergic rhinitis and asthma are common chronic allergic disorders in childhood. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of common allergic disorders among Iranian guidance schools students in Mazandaran Province, northern Iran. METHODS: This analytical cross-sectional study was performed on 3000 children aged 11-14 years old during 2012-13 according to ISAAC study. Of 3000 recruited children 1576 (52...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865877/cough-in-the-athlete-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#15
REVIEW
Louis-Philippe Boulet, Julie Turmel, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom experienced by athletes, particularly after exercise. We performed a systematic review to assess the following in this population: (1) the main causes of acute and recurrent cough, either exercise-induced or not, (2) how cough is assessed, and (3) how cough is treated in this population. From the systematic review, suggestions for management were developed. METHODS: This review was performed according to the CHEST methodological guidelines and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework until April 2015...
February 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820744/asthma-and-exercise-induced-respiratory-symptoms-in-the-athlete-new-insights
#16
Louis-Philippe Boulet, Julie Turmel, Andréanne Côté
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) are common in the athlete and can interfere with sport performances. In this review, we report recent findings on the prevalence, diagnosis and evaluation of these conditions, in addition to specific issues regarding their treatment and antidoping regulations. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies confirmed the high prevalence of exercise-induced respiratory symptoms, asthma and EIB, in athletes and showed that these conditions are still underdiagnosed and undertreated...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814586/exercise-intolerance-and-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction-in-children
#17
Predrag B Minic, Aleksandar D Sovtic
Respiratory symptoms at rest or during exercise may restrain the physical capabilities required for normal motor and psychosocial development in children. The most frequent cause of exercise intolerance, apart from poor physical fitness, is exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), which may occur in some healthy children and in children with asthma. It is proposed that hyperventilation during exercise is associated with drying and cooling of airways, which can trigger a proinflammatory response. Several tests are used to confirm EIB, and the exercise-challenge test is the most common...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780179/musculoskeletal-complaints-while-growing-up-from-age-11-to-age-14-the-piama-birth-cohort-study
#18
H Susan J Picavet, Nina Berentzen, Ninotsjka Scheuer, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Bert Brunekreef, Henriette A Smit, Alet Wijga
For musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) among adults, several risk factors are known, but the most important determinant is an earlier episode of MSCs. Research has shifted to younger ages, showing a high prevalence of MSCs among children and adolescents. Our purpose was to evaluate the prevalence of MSCs among those growing up from age 11 to 14 and to explore the role of several sociodemographic, growth and development, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors. Data collected at age 11 (n = 2651) and age 14 (n = 2522) in the ongoing Dutch Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) birth cohort study were used...
December 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771799/salbutamol-effects-on-systemic-potassium-dynamics-during-and-following-intense-continuous-and-intermittent-exercise
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Muath M Altarawneh, Aaron Petersen, Robert Smith, David M Rouffet, Francois Billaut, Ben D Perry, Victoria L Wyckelsma, Antony Tobin, Michael J McKenna
PURPOSE: Salbutamol inhalation is permissible by WADA in athletic competition for asthma management and affects potassium regulation, which is vital for muscle function. Salbutamol effects on arterial potassium concentration ([K(+)]a) during and after high-intensity continuous exercise (HIcont) and intermittent exercise comprising repeated, brief sprints (HIint), and on performance during HIint are unknown and were investigated. METHODS: Seven recreationally active men participated in a double-blind, randomised, cross-over design, inhaling 1000 µg salbutamol or placebo...
December 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729125/paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion-in-children-presenting-with-exercise-induced-dyspnea
#20
Anne Hseu, Mykayla Sandler, Dawn Ericson, Nohamin Ayele, Kosuke Kawai, Roger Nuss
INTRODUCTION: Although dyspnea with exercise in the pediatric population can be multifactorial, the diagnosis of paradoxical vocal fold motion disorder (PVFMD) in this group is not well characterized. The objective of this study is to review the multiple causes of dyspnea with exercise in children, including the prevalence of PVFMD within this study population. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients seen at a tertiary pediatric hospital for exercise-induced dyspnea suspected to be related to PVFMD between January 2007 and July 2015...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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