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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865877/cough-in-the-athlete-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#1
Louis-Philippe Boulet, Julie Turmel, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom experienced by athletes, particularly after exercise. We performed a systematic review to assess in this population: 1) the main etiologies of acute and recurrent cough, either exercise-induced or not; 2) how it is assessed; and 3) how cough is treated in this population. From the systematic review, suggestions for management were developed. METHOD: ology: This review was done according to the CHEST methodological guidelines and GRADE framework up to April 2015...
November 16, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820744/asthma-and-exercise-induced-respiratory-symptoms-in-the-athlete-new-insights
#2
Louis-Philippe Boulet, Julie Turmel, Andréanne Côté
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) are common in the athlete and can interfere with sport performances. In this review, we report recent findings on the prevalence, diagnosis and evaluation of these conditions, in addition to specific issues regarding their treatment and antidoping regulations. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies confirmed the high prevalence of exercise-induced respiratory symptoms, asthma and EIB, in athletes and showed that these conditions are still underdiagnosed and undertreated...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814586/exercise-intolerance-and-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction-in-children
#3
Predrag B Minic, Aleksandar D Sovtic
Respiratory symptoms at rest or during exercise may restrain the physical capabilities required for normal motor and psychosocial development in children. The most frequent cause of exercise intolerance, apart from poor physical fitness, is exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), which may occur in some healthy children and in children with asthma. It is proposed that hyperventilation during exercise is associated with drying and cooling of airways, which can trigger a proinflammatory response. Several tests are used to confirm EIB, and the exercise-challenge test is the most common...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780179/musculoskeletal-complaints-while-growing-up-from-age-11-to-age-14-the-piama-birth-cohort-study
#4
H Susan J Picavet, Nina Berentzen, Ninotsjka Scheuer, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Bert Brunekreef, Henriette A Smit, Alet Wijga
For musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) among adults, several risk factors are known, but the most important determinant is an earlier episode of MSCs. Research has shifted to younger ages, showing a high prevalence of MSCs among children and adolescents. Our purpose was to evaluate the prevalence of MSCs among those growing up from age 11 to 14 and to explore the role of several sociodemographic, growth and development, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors. Data collected at age 11 (n = 2651) and age 14 (n = 2522) in the ongoing Dutch Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) birth cohort study were used...
December 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771799/salbutamol-effects-on-systemic-potassium-dynamics-during-and-following-intense-continuous-and-intermittent-exercise
#5
Muath M Altarawneh, Aaron Petersen, Robert Smith, David M Rouffet, Francois Billaut, Ben D Perry, Victoria L Wyckelsma, Antony Tobin, Michael J McKenna
PURPOSE: Salbutamol inhalation is permissible by WADA in athletic competition for asthma management and affects potassium regulation, which is vital for muscle function. Salbutamol effects on arterial potassium concentration ([K(+)]a) during and after high-intensity continuous exercise (HIcont) and intermittent exercise comprising repeated, brief sprints (HIint), and on performance during HIint are unknown and were investigated. METHODS: Seven recreationally active men participated in a double-blind, randomised, cross-over design, inhaling 1000 µg salbutamol or placebo...
October 22, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729125/paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion-in-children-presenting-with-exercise-induced-dyspnea
#6
Anne Hseu, Mykayla Sandler, Dawn Ericson, Nohamin Ayele, Kosuke Kawai, Roger Nuss
INTRODUCTION: Although dyspnea with exercise in the pediatric population can be multifactorial, the diagnosis of paradoxical vocal fold motion disorder (PVFMD) in this group is not well characterized. The objective of this study is to review the multiple causes of dyspnea with exercise in children, including the prevalence of PVFMD within this study population. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients seen at a tertiary pediatric hospital for exercise-induced dyspnea suspected to be related to PVFMD between January 2007 and July 2015...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601084/a-new-autosomal-dominant-eye-and-lung-syndrome-linked-to-mutations-in-timp3-gene
#7
Isabelle Meunier, Béatrice Bocquet, Gilles Labesse, Christina Zeitz, Sabine Defoort-Dhellemmes, Annie Lacroux, Martine Mauget-Faysse, Isabelle Drumare, Anne-Sophie Gamez, Cyril Mathieu, Virginie Marquette, Lola Sagot, Claire-Marie Dhaenens, Carl Arndt, Patrick Carroll, Martine Remy-Jardin, Salomon Yves Cohen, José-Alain Sahel, Bernard Puech, Isabelle Audo, Sarah Mrejen, Christian P Hamel
To revisit the autosomal dominant Sorsby fundus dystrophy (SFD) as a syndromic condition including late-onset pulmonary disease. We report clinical and imaging data of ten affected individuals from 2 unrelated families with SFD and carrying heterozygous TIMP3 mutations (c.572A > G, p.Y191C, exon 5, in family 1 and c.113C > G, p.S38C, exon 1, in family 2). In family 1, all SFD patients older than 50 (two generations) had also a severe emphysema, despite no history of smoking or asthma. In the preceding generation, the mother died of pulmonary emphysema and she was blind after the age of 50...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587091/associations-between-asthma-overweight-and-physical-activity-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Maartje Willeboordse, Kim D G van de Kant, Charlotte A van der Velden, Constant P van Schayck, Edward Dompeling
BACKGROUND: Asthma and obesity are highly prevalent in children, and are interrelated resulting in a difficult-to-treat asthma-obesity phenotype. The exact underlying mechanisms of this phenotype remain unclear, but decreased physical activity (PA) could be an important lifestyle factor. We hypothesize that both asthma and overweight/obesity decrease PA levels and interact on PA levels in asthmatic children with overweight/obesity. METHODS: School-aged children (n = 122) were divided in 4 groups (healthy control, asthma, overweight/obesity and asthma, and overweight/obesity)...
September 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578466/asthma-prevalence-in-german-olympic-athletes-a-comparison-of-winter-and-summer-sport-disciplines
#9
Charlotte Selge, Silke Thomas, Dennis Nowak, Katja Radon, Bernd Wolfarth
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of asthma in elite athletes shows very wide ranges. It remains unclear to what extent this is influenced by the competition season (winter vs. summer) or the ventilation rate achieved during competition. The aim of this study was to evaluate prevalence of asthma in German elite winter and summer athletes from a wide range of sport disciplines and to identify high risk groups. METHODS: In total, 265 German elite winter athletes (response 77%) and 283 German elite summer athletes (response 64%) answered validated respiratory questionnaires...
September 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560942/asthma-and-rhinitis-are-associated-with-less-objectively-measured-moderate-and-vigorous-physical-activity-but-similar-sport-participation-in-adolescent-german-boys-giniplus-and-lisaplus-cohorts
#10
Maia P Smith, Dietrich Berdel, Carl-Peter Bauer, Sibylle Koletzko, Dennis Nowak, Joachim Heinrich, Holger Schulz
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) protects against most noncommunicable diseases and has been associated with decreased risk of allergic phenotype, which is increasing worldwide. However, the association is not always present; furthermore it is not clear whether it is strongest for asthma, rhinitis, symptoms of these, or atopic sensitization; which sex is most affected; or whether it can be explained by either avoidance of sport or exacerbation of symptoms by exercise. Interventions are thus difficult to target...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531687/is-there-a-need-to-improve-asthma-diagnosis-in-young-athletes
#11
Pascale Kippelen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512933/-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-rational-diagnostics-and-therapy
#12
R Burkhardt, W Pankow
In general chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can be diagnosed in family practice from history and spirometry. Inconclusive spirometry findings have to be assessed further by techniques available in a pulmonologist's office. Further testing is done for differential diagnostic reasons and for prognostic appraisal. Successful smoking cessation importantly alters the natural downhill course of the disease. Patient education and rehabilitative interventions (e. g. participation in lung sport groups) help to improve life quality...
August 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496394/association-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-frequency-and-asthma-among-u-s-adults-2013
#13
Sohyun Park, Lara J Akinbami, Lisa C McGuire, Heidi M Blanck
OBJECTIVES: Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among U.S. adults is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. An association between SSB intake and asthma has been shown among U.S. children and Australian adults, but scant published information exists for U.S. adults. We examined associations between SSB intake and current asthma among U.S. adults, and the role of obesity in this association. METHODS: We analyzed 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for 146,990 adults (≥18years) from 23 states and the District of Columbia...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461883/terbutaline-level-the-playing-field-for-inhaled-%C3%AE-2-agonists-by-introducing-a-dosing-and-urine-threshold
#14
Glenn A Jacobson, Morten Hostrup
Terbutaline, a short-acting β2-agonist similar to salbutamol, is widely used in Europe in the treatment of asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Unlike salbutamol, terbutaline requires therapeutic use exemption (TUE) for therapeutic inhaled use in competitive sport. There is now compelling evidence that supratherapeutic use of terbutaline is performance enhancing, via oral dosing and inhalation. It is likely that the ergogenic effects of terbutaline are class specific for all β2-agonists. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has introduced dosing and urine threshold and decision limits for other common β2-agonists...
July 26, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460127/environmental-influence-on-the-prevalence-and-pattern-of-airway-dysfunction-in-elite-athletes
#15
Irisz Karolina Levai, James H Hull, Mike Loosemore, Jon Greenwell, Greg Whyte, John W Dickinson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Elite swimming and boxing require athletes to achieve relatively high minute ventilation. The combination of a sustained high ventilation and provocative training environment may impact the susceptibility of athletes to exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of EIB in elite Great British (GB) boxers and swimmers. METHODS: Boxers (n = 38, mean age: 22.1 ± 3.1 years) and swimmers (n = 44, mean age: 21...
November 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408633/the-world-anti-doping-code-can-you-have-asthma-and-still-be-an-elite-athlete
#16
REVIEW
Ken Fitch
The World Anti-Doping Code (the Code) does place some restrictions on prescribing inhaled β2-agonists, but these can be overcome without jeopardising the treatment of elite athletes with asthma.While the Code permits the use of inhaled glucocorticoids without restriction, oral and intravenous glucocorticoids are prohibited, although a mechanism exists that allows them to be administered for acute severe asthma.Although asthmatic athletes achieved outstanding sporting success during the 1950s and 1960s before any anti-doping rules existed, since introduction of the Code's policies on some drugs to manage asthma results at the Olympic Games have revealed that athletes with confirmed asthma/airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) have outperformed their non-asthmatic rivals...
June 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408632/endurance-training-is-it-bad-for%C3%A2-you
#17
REVIEW
Giuseppe Morici, Claudia I Gruttad'Auria, Pierpaolo Baiamonte, Emilia Mazzuca, Alessandra Castrogiovanni, Maria R Bonsignore
To illustrate the characteristics of endurance exercise training and its positive effects on health.To provide an overview on the effects of endurance training on airway cells and bronchial reactivity.To summarise the current knowledge on respiratory health problems in elite athletes. Endurance exercise training exerts many positive effects on health, including improved metabol-ism, reduction of cardiovascular risk, and reduced all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Intense endurance exercise causes mild epithelial injury and inflammation in the airways, but does not appear to exert detrimental effects on respiratory health or bronchial reactivity in recreational/non-elite athletes...
June 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348490/accessible-modelling-of-complexity-in-health-amoch-and-associated-data-flows-asthma-as-an-exemplar
#18
Harshana Liyanage, Daniela Luzi, Simon De Lusignan, Fabrizio Pecoraro, Richard McNulty, Oscar Tamburis, Paul Krause, Michael Rigby, Mitch Blair
Background Modelling is an important part of information science. Models are abstractions of reality. We use models in the following contexts: (1) to describe the data and information flows in clinical practice to information scientists, (2) to compare health systems and care pathways, (3) to understand how clinical cases are recorded in record systems and (4) to model health care business models.Asthma is an important condition associated with a substantial mortality and morbidity. However, there are difficulties in determining who has the condition, making both its incidence and prevalence uncertain...
2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319382/-physical-exercise-and-bronchial-asthma
#19
REVIEW
László Endre
An article was published in the Lancet in 1935 about the therapy of asthmatic patients, using a special breathing exercise (the authors used a control group, too). Swimming, as a complementary therapy for asthmatic children, was first recommended in 1968, by authors from the United States. In Hungary, regular swimming training for asthmatic children is in use since August, 1981. As the result of this exercise, the physical fitness of asthmatic children (using this method regularly for years) increased dramatically, and it is much better compared to that found in the non asthmatic, non swimming children of the same age group...
June 26, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27285494/parasympathetic-activity-and-bronchial-hyperresponsiveness-in-athletes
#20
Julie Stang, Trine Stensrud, Petter Mowinckel, Kai-Hakon Carlsen
PURPOSE: High prevalence of asthma and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) are reported in swimmers and cross-country skiers. It has been suggested that increased parasympathetic nervous activity is involved in asthma development in endurance athletes. We aimed to assess the associations of BHR to parasympathetic activity in healthy and asthmatic swimmers and cross-country skiers, and healthy non-athletes. METHODS: Parasympathetic activity was measured by pupillometry and heart rate variability (HRV) at the onset of exercise with the cardiac vagal index (CVI) calculated, in 28 cross-country skiers (♂18/♀10), 29 swimmers (♂17/♀12), and 30 healthy non-athletes controls (♂14/♀16) on two different days...
June 9, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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