keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

gemstones

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762057/comparison-of-image-quality-and-radiation-exposure-between-conventional-imaging-and-gemstone-spectral-imaging-in-abdominal-ct-examination
#1
Tianqi Fang, Wei Deng, Martin Wai-Ming Law, Liangping Luo, Liyun Zheng, Ying Guo, Hanwei Chen, Bingsheng Huang
OBJECTIVE: To compare patients' image quality and radiation exposure between gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) with rapid kV switching technique and conventional polychromatic imaging performed in abdominal CT examinations. METHODS: Adult patients who were referred to abdominal CT from October 2015 to March 2016 were enrolled. Unenhanced CT with conventional polychromatic imaging mode and tri-phase (arterial/portal/delayed phase) contrast-enhanced scan with GSI mode were performed with different protocols respectively...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713774/diagnostic-value-of-six-mri-features-for-central-neurocytoma
#2
Xiaodan Li, Liuji Guo, Sen Sheng, Yikai Xu, Lichao Ma, Xiang Xiao, Zhiguang Si, Yanping Chen, Yuankui Wu
OBJECTIVES: To increase our understanding of the imaging features of central neurocytoma (CN) and improve the preoperative MRI diagnosis accuracy. METHODS: Preoperative MR images of 30 CNs and another 68 intraventricular non-CN tumours were analysed by one experienced neuroradiologist retrospectively to identify previously reported features and new features of CN. Six blinded radiologists independently reviewed all these MRI images, and scored all characteristic features on a five-point scale...
April 30, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691563/-clinical-analysis-of-spectrum-ct-imaging-reducing-metal-artifacts-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-region
#3
Qi Sun, Min-Jun Dong, Xing Yang, Meng-da Jiang, Xiao-Feng Tao
PURPOSE: To assess the capability of monochromatic energy images of gemstone spectral imaging(GSI) by using spectral CT in reducing metal artifacts of oral and maxillofacial region. METHODS: Spectral CT imaging was applied to 46 patients with metallic implants with GSI sequence to measure CT numbers (expressed in Hounsfield units, HU) and SD (standard deviation) numbers of the soft tissues. 11 monochromatic-image groups were obtained, ranging from 40 keV(kiloelectronvolts) to 140 keV (every 10 keV as one group)...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675658/iodine-concentration-a-new-important-characteristic-of-the-spot-sign-that-predicts-haematoma-expansion
#4
Fan Fu, Shengjun Sun, Liping Liu, Jianying Li, Yaping Su, Yingying Li
OBJECTIVES: The computed tomography angiography (CTA) spot sign is a validated predictor of haematoma expansion (HE) in spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage (SICH). We investigated whether defining the iodine concentration (IC) inside the spot sign and the haematoma on Gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) would improve its sensitivity and specificity for predicting HE. METHODS: From 2014 to 2016, we prospectively enrolled 65 SICH patients who underwent single-phase spectral CTA within 6 h...
April 19, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566810/state-of-the-art-papers-gemstones
#5
EDITORIAL
David J Moliterno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516228/contrast-agent-concentration-optimization-in-cta-using-low-tube-voltage-and-dual-energy-ct-in-multiple-vendors-a-phantom-study
#6
Robbert W van Hamersvelt, Nienke G Eijsvoogel, Casper Mihl, Pim A de Jong, Arnold M R Schilham, Nico Buls, Marco Das, Tim Leiner, Martin J Willemink
We investigated the feasibility and extent to which iodine concentration can be reduced in computed tomography angiography imaging of the aorta and coronary arteries using low tube voltage and virtual monochromatic imaging of 3 major dual-energy CT (DECT) vendors. A circulation phantom was imaged with dual source CT (DSCT), gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) and dual-layer spectral detector CT (SDCT). For each scanner, a reference scan was acquired at 120 kVp using routine iodine concentration (300 mg I/ml). Subsequently, scans were acquired at lowest possible tube potential (70, 80, 80 kVp, respectively), and DECT-mode (80/150Sn, 80/140 and 120 kVp, respectively) in arterial phase after administration of iodine (300, 240, 180, 120, 60, 30 mg I/ml)...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501149/nanoparticle-enhanced-laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy-for-the-noninvasive-analysis-of-transparent-samples-and-gemstones
#7
C Koral, M Dell'Aglio, R Gaudiuso, R Alrifai, M Torelli, A De Giacomo
In this paper, Nanoparticle-Enhanced Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy is applied to transparent samples and gemstones with the aim to overcome the laser induced damage on the sample. We propose to deposit a layer of AuNPs on the sample surface by drying a colloidal solution before ablating the sample with a 532 nm pulsed laser beam. This procedure ensures that the most significant fraction of the beam, being in resonance with the AuNP surface plasmon, is mainly absorbed by the NP layer, which in turn results the breakdown to be induced on NPs rather than on the sample itself...
May 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454247/tolerance-and-growth-kinetics-of-bacteria-isolated-from-gold-and-gemstone-mining-sites-in-response-to-heavy-metal-concentrations
#8
Oluwatosin Gbemisola Oladipo, Obinna Tobechukwu Ezeokoli, Mark Steve Maboeta, Jacobus Johannes Bezuidenhout, Louwrens R Tiedt, Anine Jordaan, Cornelius Carlos Bezuidenhout
Response and growth kinetics of microbes in contaminated medium are useful indices for the screening and selection of tolerant species for eco-friendly bio-augmentative remediation of polluted environments. In this study, the heavy metal (HM) tolerance, bioaccumulation and growth kinetics of seven bacterial strains isolated from mining sites to 10 HMs (Cd, Hg, Ni, Al, Cr, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn) at varied concentrations (25-600 mgL-1 ) were investigated. The isolates were phylogenetically (16S rRNA gene) related to Lysinibacillus macroides, Achromobacter spanius, Bacillus kochii, B...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424097/nanodiamonds-for-in-vivo-applications
#9
REVIEW
KiranJ van der Laan, Masoumeh Hasani, Tingting Zheng, Romana Schirhagl
Due to their unique optical properties, diamonds are the most valued gemstones. However, beyond the sparkle, diamonds have a number of unique properties. Their extreme hardness gives them outstanding performance as abrasives and cutting tools. Similar to many materials, their nanometer-sized form has yet other unique properties. Nanodiamonds are very inert but still can be functionalized on the surface. Additionally, they can be made in very small sizes and a narrow size distribution. Nanodiamonds can also host very stable fluorescent defects...
February 9, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179282/-clinical-value-of-spectral-ct-imaging-in-preoperative-evaluation-of-pathological-grading-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Y H Liu, S C Zhu, D P Shi, Y Wei, M H Sun, S Wu, L L Li
Objective: To investigate the value of spectral computed tomography quantitative parameters in the assessment of pathological grade of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma before operation. Methods: The imaging findings of 52 patients with confirmed esophageal squamous cell carcinoma by surgery and pathology were prospectively analyzed in Henan Provincial People's Hospital from June 2016 to May 2017.There were 43 males and 9 females, aged 49-76 years, with an average age of (66±8) years.All the patients were divided into three groups based on the pathological finding: well-differentiated group ( n =12), moderately-differentiated group ( n =20), poorly-differentiated group ( n =20)...
November 21, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136805/the-characterization-of-natural-gemstones-using-non-invasive-ft-ir-spectroscopy-new-data-on-tourmalines
#11
Mariano Mercurio, Manuela Rossi, Francesco Izzo, Piergiulio Cappelletti, Chiara Germinario, Celestino Grifa, Maurizio Petrelli, Alessandro Vergara, Alessio Langella
Fourteen samples of tourmaline from the Real Museo Mineralogico of Federico II University (Naples) have been characterized through multi-methodological investigations (EMPA-WDS, SEM-EDS, LA-ICP-MS, and FT-IR spectroscopy). The samples show different size, morphology and color, and are often associated with other minerals. Data on major and minor elements allowed to identify and classify tourmalines as follows: elbaites, tsilaisite, schorl, dravites, uvites and rossmanite. Non-invasive, non-destructive FT-IR and in-situ analyses were carried out on the same samples to validate this chemically-based identification and classification...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071673/high-dimensional-modeling-for-cytometry-building-rock-solid-models-using-gemstone%C3%A2-and-verity-cen-se-%C3%A2-high-definition-t-sne-mapping
#12
C Bruce Bagwell
This chapter outlines how to approach the complex tasks associated with designing models for high-dimensional cytometry data. Unlike gating approaches, modeling lends itself to automation and accounts for measurement overlap among cellular populations. Designing these models is now easier because of a new technique called high-definition t-SNE mapping. Nontrivial examples are provided that serve as a guide to create models that are consistent with data.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844883/heavy-metal-tolerance-traits-of-filamentous-fungi-isolated-from-gold-and-gemstone-mining-sites
#13
Oluwatosin Gbemisola Oladipo, Olusegun Olufemi Awotoye, Akinyemi Olayinka, Cornelius Carlos Bezuidenhout, Mark Steve Maboeta
Increased environmental pollution has necessitated the need for eco-friendly clean-up strategies. Filamentous fungal species from gold and gemstone mine site soils were isolated, identified and assessed for their tolerance to varied heavy metal concentrations of cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), arsenic (As) and iron (Fe). The identities of the fungal strains were determined based on the internal transcribed spacer 1 and 2 (ITS 1 and ITS 2) regions. Mycelia growth of the fungal strains were subjected to a range of (0-100 Cd), (0-1000 Cu), (0-400 Pb), (0-500 As) and (0-800 Fe) concentrations (mgkg-1 ) incorporated into malt extract agar (MEA) in triplicates...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796078/preliminary-application-of-multiple-parameters-spectral-ct-in-the-diagnosis-of-ovarian-cancer
#14
Tao Pang, Zhao-di Liu, Kai Deng, Cheng-Qi Zhang, Guang-Li Wang
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of spectral CT in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 22 patients with spectral CT enhanced scan. The patients were divided into 2 groups: ovarian cancer group (n = 11) and benign tumor group (n = 11), according to the pathologic results. CT values at 40 keV, iodine concentration (IC), water concentration (WC) and spectral curve slope (λHU) of arterial phase and venous phase in the tumors of 2 groups were measured with gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) post-processing software...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752310/impact-of-metal-artifact-reduction-software-on-image-quality-of-gemstone-spectral-imaging-dual-energy-cerebral-ct-angiography-after-intracranial-aneurysm-clipping
#15
Vincent Dunet, Martine Bernasconi, Steven David Hajdu, Reto Antoine Meuli, Roy Thomas Daniel, Jean-Baptiste Zerlauth
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the impact of metal artifact reduction software (MARs) on image quality of gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) dual-energy (DE) cerebral CT angiography (CTA) after intracranial aneurysm clipping. METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board, which waived patient written consent. From January 2013 to September 2016, single source DE cerebral CTA were performed in 45 patients (mean age: 60 ± 9 years, male 9) after intracranial aneurysm clipping and reconstructed with and without MARs...
September 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587323/clinical-relevance-of-gemstone-spectral-ct-in-the-diagnosis-of-carotid-atherosclerosis
#16
Jing-Jian Wang, Shu-Jie Fan, Long-Long Wang, Yan-Zhong Gao, Xiao-Juan Liu
A variety of imaging methods can be used in the diagnosis of atherosclerotic plaques. In the present study, we investigated the morphology and composition of atherosclerotic plaque associated with ischemic cerebral infarction by comparing gemstone spectral computed tomography (GSCT) and traditional multi-slice CT (MSCT). In total, 200 patients were enrolled and divided into the experimental group (n=100), which underwent GSCT, and the control group (n=100), which underwent MSCT. All the cases were followed up to observe disease outcomes in patients with different atherosclerotic plaque types, and adverse events in carotid artery stenosis or cerebral infarction were recorded...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521008/gemstone-orchestrated-prioritization-of-human-germline-mutations-in-the-cloud
#17
Siwei Chen, Juan F Beltrán, Clara Esteban-Jurado, Sebastià Franch-Expósito, Sergi Castellví-Bel, Steven Lipkin, Xiaomu Wei, Haiyuan Yu
Integrative analysis of whole-genome/exome-sequencing data has been challenging, especially for the non-programming research community, as it requires simultaneously managing a large number of computational tools. Even computational biologists find it unexpectedly difficult to reproduce results from others or optimize their strategies in an end-to-end workflow. We introduce Germline Mutation Scoring Tool fOr Next-generation sEquencing data (GeMSTONE), a cloud-based variant prioritization tool with high-level customization and a comprehensive collection of bioinformatics tools and data libraries (http://gemstone...
July 3, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420889/evaluation-of-urinary-stone-composition-and-differentiation-between-urinary-stones-and-phleboliths-using-single-source-dual-energy-computed-tomography
#18
Nanako Ogawa, Shuhei Sato, Kentaro Ida, Katsuya Kato, Yuichi Ariyoshi, Koichiro Wada, Yasutomo Nasu, Susumu Kanazawa
The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of single-source dual-energy computed tomography (SS-DECT) composition analysis in characterizing different types of urinary stones and differentiating them from phleboliths. This study included 29 patients with urinary stones who were scheduled for surgery. All patients were scanned, first using single-energy computed tomography acquisition and then DECT acquisition on SS-DECT. Dual-energy data were archived to a Gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) viewer (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI, USA)...
April 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411037/carotid-plaque-evaluation-using-gemstone-spectral-imaging-comparison-with-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yuki Shinohara, Makoto Sakamoto, Keita Kuya, Junichi Kishimoto, Eijiro Yamashita, Shinya Fujii, Masamichi Kurosaki, Toshihide Ogawa
BACKGROUND: The present study compared the applicability of computed tomography carotid plaque imaging using effective Z maps with gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) to that of magnetic resonance plaque imaging using 3-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography. METHODS: Stenosis was assessed in 18 carotid arteries of 14 patients, and the effective Z values of noncalcified carotid plaques were compared with the signal intensities of magnetic resonance angiography...
July 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337891/screening-and-comparison-of-polychromatic-and-monochromatic-image-reconstruction-of-abdominal-arterial-energy-spectrum-ct
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
X P Wang, B Wang, P Hou, R Li, J B Gao
We screened the suitable image reconstruction to observe the abdominal artery and compare the quality between the polychromatic and the monochromatic reconstruction images of the abdominal artery spectrum CT. Eighty patients underwent Gemstone CT energy spectrum imaging to obtain an abdominal artery polychromatic image (140 kVp) and a monochromatic image from 40 ~ 140 keV. The CT value of region of interest (ROI) was measured on the polychromatic image and the single energy image. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the abdominal aorta and hepatic artery were determined...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
keyword
keyword
103686
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"