Read by QxMD icon Read


Hannah Gerwinn, Simone Weiß, Gilian Tenbergen, Till Amelung, Carina Födisch, Alexander Pohl, Claudia Massau, Jonas Kneer, Sebastian Mohnke, Christian Kärgel, Matthias Wittfoth, Stefanie Jung, Krassimira Drumkova, Kolja Schiltz, Martin Walter, Klaus M Beier, Henrik Walter, Jorge Ponseti, Boris Schiffer, Tillmann H C Kruger
Contrary to public perception, child sex offending (CSO) and paedophilia are not the same. Only half of all cases of CSO are motivated by paedophilic preference, and a paedophilic preference does not necessarily lead to CSO. However, studies that investigated clinical factors accompanying and contributing to paedophilia so far mainly relied on paedophiles with a history of CSO. The aim of this study was to distinguish between factors associated with sexual preference (paedophile versus non-paedophile) and offender status (with versus without CSO)...
April 3, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Irja Marije de Jong, Frank Kupper, Corine de Ruiter, Jacqueline Broerse
Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is a science policy concept that gained traction from 2000 onwards in the EU and US, in which alignment on purposes and values between different stakeholders is a key aspect. This thought experiment problematizes this particular notion: ethically acceptable and societally desirable outcomes are not necessarily achieved when alignment is a consequence of early closure. To argue this point, we took the example of the potential development of scanning technology for the detection of paedophilia among job applicants, for which indicators of broad societal support were found in an RRI project on neuroimaging...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
Jane Parry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Ruth McDonald, Vivek Furtado, Birgit Vollm
This paper discusses changes occurring in the field of English forensic psychiatry which appear to be linked to feelings of discomfort amongst medical professionals who manage care in such settings. These changes are neither the result of a sudden 'shock' to the system, nor small improvisations at the margins, but instead appear to reflect a growing perception amongst psychiatrists of accepted field practice as inadequate for some types of patients. To understand how feelings and emotions are implicated in these changes we draw on and develop the work of Pierre Bourdieu to suggest that changes must be seen in the context of field tensions, which have implications for habitus...
September 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Robert J Snowden, Catriona Curl, Katherine Jobbins, Chloe Lavington, Nicola S Gray
Abundant research has shown that men's sexual attractions are more category-specific in relation to gender than women's are. We tested whether the early automatic allocation of spatial attention reflects these sexual attractions. The dot-probe task was used to assess whether spatial attention was attracted to images of either male or female models that were naked or partially clothed. In Experiment 1, men were faster if the target appeared after the female stimulus, whereas women were equally quick to respond to targets after male or female stimuli...
May 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Jorge Ponseti, Oliver Granert, Thilo Van Eimeren, Olav Jansen, Stephan Wolff, Klaus Beier, Günther Deuschl, Christian Huchzermeier, Aglaja Stirn, Hartmut Bosinski, Hartwig Roman Siebner
OBJECTIVES: Objective assessment of sexual preferences may be of relevance in the treatment and prognosis of child sexual offenders. Previous research has indicated that this can be achieved by pattern classification of brain responses to sexual child and adult images. Our recent research showed that human face processing is tuned to sexual age preferences. This observation prompted us to test whether paedophilia can be inferred based on the haemodynamic brain responses to adult and child faces...
2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Norbert Konrad, Justus Welke, Annette Opitz-Welke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The concept of paraphilia still carries an 'unwanted burden' of sexual norms because the pathologization of some sexual practices as paraphilic disorders is still based on the assumption that normal sexuality should be genitally organized with the aim of reproduction. The aim of this review is to give an impression of the ongoing discussion about the changes introduced with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and the results of recent research in this area...
November 2015: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Hannah Gerwinn, Alexander Pohl, Oliver Granert, Thilo van Eimeren, Stephan Wolff, Olav Jansen, Günther Deuschl, Christian Huchzermeier, Aglaja Stirn, Hartwig Roman Siebner, Jorge Ponseti
Thus far, four studies have used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to test for differences in brain structure between paedophilic (i.e. sexually attracted to pre-pubescent children) and teleiophilic (i.e. sexually attracted to adults) men, revealing divergent results. To re-examine this issue, we acquired high resolution structural T1-weighted and diffusion MRI scans of the brain in 24 paedophilic and 32 teleiophilic men. We performed voxel-based morphometry (VBM) of the T1-weighted images and tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) of the diffusion tensor imaging data to search for grey and white matter differences between groups...
September 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Sebastian Mohnke, Sabine Müller, Till Amelung, Tillmann H C Krüger, Jorge Ponseti, Boris Schiffer, Martin Walter, Klaus M Beier, Henrik Walter
Psychosocial and biological factors have been implicated in paedophilia, such as alterations in brain structure and function. The purpose of this paper is to review the expanding body of literature on this topic including brain abnormality case reports, as well as structural and functional neuroimaging studies. Case studies of men who have committed sexual offences against children implicate frontal and temporal abnormalities that may be associated with impaired impulse inhibition. Structural neuroimaging investigations show volume reductions in paedophilic men...
November 2014: Progress in Neurobiology
Nick Huband, Conor Duggan, Lucy McCarthy, Lauren Mason, Gillian Rathbone
BACKGROUND: Ego defences, often considered central to clinical work, have received surprisingly little attention in the forensic literature. METHOD: In this exploratory study, 114 male inpatients completed the Defence Style Questionnaire (DSQ) following their admission to a specialist personality disorder (PD) service. Change in DSQ scores over time was examined using mixed effects models for those (n = 48) remaining in treatment for at least 18 months. RESULTS: Defensive functioning at baseline was less mature in comparison with non-clinical norms, with two other non-forensic PD samples, and with a male paedophile sample, but was unrelated to criminal history...
August 2014: Personality and Mental Health
Donald Campbell
In this single case study, I will address the question of how incestuous sexual abuse causes doubt of three distinct types: (1) honest doubt that is essential to the pursuit of knowledge; (2) inherent doubt that can result from a trauma that leaves the victim's mind fragmented and confused; and (3) the sadistic imposition of doubt intended to deceive, disorient and attack unbearable knowledge in the victim or another person familiar with the abuse (in this case, the analyst and the victim's later victims). During the course of my psychoanalysis of a paedophile, it became clear that this third form of doubt played an integral role in the patient's sexual abuse of children, a role I will link to the nature and function of paedophilia and to the experience of working psychoanalytically with a paedophile...
June 2014: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
J Ponseti, O Granert, T van Eimeren, O Jansen, S Wolff, K Beier, G Deuschl, H Bosinski, H Siebner
Human faces can motivate nurturing behaviour or sexual behaviour when adults see a child or an adult face, respectively. This suggests that face processing is tuned to detecting age cues of sexual maturity to stimulate the appropriate reproductive behaviour: either caretaking or mating. In paedophilia, sexual attraction is directed to sexually immature children. Therefore, we hypothesized that brain networks that normally are tuned to mature faces of the preferred gender show an abnormal tuning to sexual immature faces in paedophilia...
May 2014: Biology Letters
Nicole Kouros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: Monash Bioethics Review
Nicole Kouros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2013: Monash Bioethics Review
Rachel L Fazio, Amy D Lykins, James M Cantor
Multiple factors determine handedness including genetics, prenatal stress and post-natal environmental conditions. Atypical handedness, whether manifest as increased sinistrality or decreased strength of lateral preference, has been noted in a wide variety of populations with neuropathology. Those with atypical sexual preferences, specifically paedophilia, also manifest reduced rates of right-handedness. This paper uses the largest sample of phallometrically assessed men to date to establish the pattern of atypical handedness in paedophilia...
2014: Laterality
S Prat, I Bertsch, L Chudzik, Ch Réveillère
All available studies addressing the clinical and legal aspects of child pornography have systematically concerned male abusers. The social lens through which women are viewed tends to play down their responsibility in the sexual abuse of children. Unlike men, women rarely abuse children outside the close or family circle. Furthermore, they have frequently been abused themselves in their childhood. To our knowledge, no cases of women charged with sex-related offences, including child pornography, have been described in the literature...
March 2014: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Niklas Långström, Pia Enebrink, Eva-Marie Laurén, Jonas Lindblom, Sophie Werkö, R Karl Hanson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of current medical and psychological interventions for individuals at risk of sexually abusing children, both in known abusers and those at risk of abusing. DESIGN: Systematic review of interventions designed to prevent reoffending among known abusers and prevention for individuals at risk of sexually abusing children. Randomised controlled trials and prospective observational studies were eligible. Primary outcomes were arrests, convictions, breaches of conditions, and self reported sexual abuse of children after one year or more...
August 9, 2013: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Nemanja Radojevic, Ivana Curovic, Miodrag Soc
Ritual homicides may be affective (emotional), but usually they are premediated, instrumental, or predatory. In the case under review, the Facebook profile of the assailant helped to determine the motive of the homicide, which seemed to be ritualistic in nature. Therein, a 56-year-old male sustained 48 stab wounds and other knife injuries. On the wall in a room above the body, a pentagram was drawn with the victim's blood, followed by a few words which can be associated with a "Satanic" ritual. Searching through the Facebook profile of the culprit, Satanism as a leading motive of the homicide was eventually excluded...
August 2013: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Benedikt Habermeyer, Fabrizio Esposito, Nadja Händel, Patrick Lemoine, Markus Klarhöfer, Ralph Mager, Volker Dittmann, Erich Seifritz, Marc Graf
BACKGROUND: Most neuroimaging studies investigating sexual arousal in paedophilia used erotic pictures together with a blocked fMRI design and long stimulus presentation time. While this approach allows the detection of sexual arousal, it does not enable the assessment of the immediate processing of erotically salient stimuli. Our study aimed to identify neuronal networks related to the immediate processing of erotic stimuli in heterosexual male paedophiles and healthy age-matched controls...
2013: BMC Psychiatry
O Halleguen, A Baratta
INTRODUCTION: The act of June 17, 1998 created a new form of compulsory treatment: the injunction to care. This is a legal measure intended to fight against recidivism of offenders and sex offenders through medical measures. The only therapies that have demonstrated partial efficacy are cognitive behavioural therapy and treatment with anti-hormone. In France, psychodynamic therapies are paramount in the treatment of perpetrators of sexual violence, although such treatments have not demonstrated effectiveness in reducing sexual recidivism...
February 2014: L'Encéphale
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"