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multiorgan failure for osteomyelitis

Muhammad Qaisar Shah, Muhammad Shoib Zardad, Alamzeb Khan, Sajjad Ahmed, Abdus Saboor Awan, Taj Mohammad
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection in orthopaedic implants is a major problem, causing long hospital stay, cost to the patient and is a burden on health care facilities. It increases rate of nonunion, osteomyelitis, implant failure, sepsis, multiorgan dysfunction and even death. Surgical site infection is defined as pain, erythema, swelling and discharge from wound site. Surgical site infection in orthopaedic implants is more challenging to the treating orthopaedic surgeon as the causative organism is protected by a biofilm over the implant's surface...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Jerzy Sulko
This paper presents a case report of a 15-year-old boy admitted to the hospital for persistent right knee pain and limping. The clinical appearance of his condition was the basis on which diagnosis of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis was made. Continuous deterioration in the clinical status also led to a suspicion of the presence of other pathological processes. A bone biopsy was performed and the results of histopathology showed diffused large cell B lymphoma. Chemotherapy was initiated; nevertheless, the patient's general state worsened gradually and subsequent pancytopenia resulted in septicemia and multiorgan failure that led to the patient's death...
March 2013: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Zeynep Eyileten, Ahmet Ruchan Akar, Sadik Eryilmaz, Mustafa Sirlak, Levent Yazicioglu, Serkan Durdu, Adnan Uysalel, Umit Ozyurda
PURPOSE: To assess the results of bilateral pectoralis major muscle flaps (BPMMF) and vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) at different stages of postcardiac surgery mediastinitis. METHODS: Of 65 patients with a deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) after cardiac surgery, 33 with a stable sternum were treated with VAC (59.3 +/- 11.7 years of age) and 32 with an unstable sternum or osteomyelitis (63.3 +/- 9.8 years of age) were treated with early BPMMF and continuous irrigation...
2009: Surgery Today
S Shah, Z Win, A Al-Nahhas
Functional imaging plays a central role in the evaluation of some of the clinical problems faced by diabetic patients. In cardiovascular disease, myocardial perfusion imaging, particularly when complemented by gated SPECT, is a powerful tool not only for establishing the diagnosis of coronary artery disease, but also for providing prognostic information in both the general and diabetic populations. Although promising, its role in screening of asymptomatic diabetic patients is yet to be established, and its role as a potential 'one-stop shop' also needs further study...
September 2009: Minerva Endocrinologica
Sascha Mann, Michael Schütze, Steffen Sola, Jürgen Piek
OBJECT: Pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis is of special interest to neurosurgeons because it often results in acute neurological deterioration and requires a combination of adequate surgical and conservative treatment. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the strategy of a primary surgical approach to this disease. METHODS: A group of 24 patients with the clinical and radiological signs of acute pyogenic spondylodiscitis was prospectively followed from 1998 to 2004...
December 15, 2004: Neurosurgical Focus
D J Sexton
Access-related infections are the most important causes of the loss of vascular access for dialysis. These infections also may lead to devastating consequences, including sepsis with multiorgan failure; endocarditis; or metastatic infections such as vertebral osteomyelitis, epidural abscess, or endophthalmitis. A small percentage of these complications are fatal; overall, dialysis-related bloodstream infections are the second leading cause of death in patients undergoing hemodialysis, accounting for up to 10% of all deaths, and approximately three-fourths of all deaths caused by infection in patients undergoing dialysis...
September 2001: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
H B Ris, A Banic, M Furrer, M Caversaccio, A Cerny, P Zbären
BACKGROUND: Descending necrotizing mediastinitis requires an early and aggressive surgical approach to reduce the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. The clamshell incision has provided excellent exposure of the entire mediastinum and both pleural cavities and was assessed in patients suffering from descending necrotizing mediastinitis. METHODS: Three patients with descending necrotizing mediastinitis and bilateral pleural empyema due to invasive streptococcal infections were operated on with this method...
December 1996: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
D S Babcock, R A Kaufman
The use of diagnostic ultrasonography and CT in the investigation of the acutely ill pediatric patient has been steadily increasing because of the relative noninvasiveness of these imaging modalities and because of improvements in resolving capabilities and scanning speed of the latest equipment. In the examination of the pediatric patient, special emphasis must be given to immobilization, sedation, or both in those children too young or too ill to cooperate. Close monitoring and observation of the child throughout sedation is important and requires special personnel and equipment...
September 1983: Radiologic Clinics of North America
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