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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551715/direct-comparison-of-the-acute-subjective-emotional-autonomic-and-endocrine-effects-of-mdma-methylphenidate-and-modafinil-in-healthy-subjects
#1
Patrick C Dolder, Felix Müller, Yasmin Schmid, Stefan J Borgwardt, Matthias E Liechti
RATIONALE: 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is used recreationally and investigated as an adjunct to psychotherapy. Methylphenidate and modafinil are psychostimulants that are used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy, respectively, but they are also misused as cognitive enhancers. Little is known about differences in the acute effects of equally cardiostimulant doses of these stimulant-type substances compared directly within the same subjects. METHODS: We investigated the acute autonomic, subjective, endocrine, and emotional effects of single doses of MDMA (125 mg), methylphenidate (60 mg), modafinil (600 mg), and placebo in a double-blind, cross-over study in 24 healthy participants...
May 27, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546818/investigating-the-relationship-between-sexual-function-and-quality-of-life-in-menopausal-women
#2
Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Masaudeh Babakhanian
Objective: To evaluate the symptoms of menopausal women and the link between sexual function, menopausal symptoms and demographic variables. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which 202 postmenopausal women admitted to the health care centers were selected. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire and Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL) were the main means of data gathering. Results: The results of our study suggested that suggested that women experienced a number of menopausal symptoms such hot flash, headache and neck pains, reduced physical strength weight gain, pain or leg cramps, intensified sexual problem than women who lack such symptoms...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537790/lgbtq-women-appearance-negotiations-and-workplace-dress-codes
#3
Kelly L Reddy-Best
The purpose of this study was to explore LGBTQ women's experiences with unwritten or formal dress codes at work. I asked: what are LGBTQ women's experiences in the workplace with appearance management, and what are LGBTQ women's experiences navigating the written and unwritten dress codes in the workplace? To answer the research question, interviews were conducted with 24 self-identifying LGBTQ women. Six key themes emerged from the data. Themes included (1) expressed sexual identity in appearance, (2) unwritten dress codes in work environments did not always allow for expression of sexual identity in appearance, (3) motivations for pressure or desire to conceal expression of sexual identity in appearance at work, (4) negotiations of revealing or concealing sexual identity in appearance in the workplace impacted levels of comfort and confidence (5) verbal and non-verbal negative experiences related to appearance at work, and (6) received compliments about appearance at work...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535892/are-the-women-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-satisfied-with-their-sexual-activity
#4
Hatice Isik, Metin Isik, Oner Aynioglu, Deniz Karcaaltincaba, Ahmet Sahbaz, Tugba Beyazcicek, Mehmet Ibrahim Harma, Nejat Demircan
OBJECTIVE: Females with Sjögren's Syndrome (SS) often experience vaginal dryness and dyspareunia, along with glandular and extraglandular symptoms. We aimed to evaluate sexual function and life quality in women with SS. METHODS: Forty-six premenopausal women with SS and 47 age-matched controls were studied. Age, duration of the disease, medications, and comorbid diseases were noted. Participants completed 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532296/recently-released-black-men-s-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-incarceration-on-sexual-partnering
#5
Julie C Fields, Kelly M King, Kamila A Alexander, Katherine C Smith, Susan G Sherman, Amy Knowlton
Evidence suggests that men with recent histories of incarceration are more likely to engage in high-risk sexual activity, however there is limited research exploring how having been recently released from prison might impact men's sexual risk behaviours or sexual partnering. This qualitative study explores the ways in which exposure to incarceration impacts the dynamics of sexual partnering among recently released Black men in Baltimore, USA. In-depth interviews were conducted with 19 recently released Black men between 21-45 years of age living in the city...
May 23, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529364/rape-is-it-a-lifestyle-or-behavioral-problem
#6
Zeel N Kamdar, Jayendrakumar K Kosambiya, Bansari L Chawada, Mamtarani Verma, Abhinav Kadia
INTRODUCTION: In India, girl is raped every 20 min. The majority of reports reveals youth is vulnerable group for rape victimization. A set of prejudicial, stereotyped, or false beliefs about rape, rape victims, and rapist exist in the community. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To study the attitude and myths toward rape among college going students of Surat City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: College students of various streams were participated in the study based on attitude toward rape scale (21 items) and updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (22 items)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529362/study-of-sexual-functioning-and-disorder-in-women-before-and-after-tubal-sterilization-tubectomy
#7
Shweta Patil Kunkeri, T S Sathyanarayana Rao, Chittaranjan Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Sexual relationship is a basis for mental health and continuity of the healthy generation. There are very few studies on the female sexual functioning, especially in India. Sterilization being the most common contraceptive method, sexual functioning in women undergoing this surgical intervention has not been adequately explored. Available studies have found conflicting results; some have reported that sterilization has positive effects on sexual functioning since anxiety of getting pregnant is abolished...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#8
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524698/degree-and-direction-of-sexual-desire-discrepancy-are-linked-to-sexual-and-relationship-satisfaction-in-couples-transitioning-to-parenthood
#9
Natalie O Rosen, Kristen Bailey, Amy Muise
Many new parents are concerned that they have different levels of interest in sex than their partner. Understanding the role of desire discrepancies in their sexual and relationship satisfaction could help promote adjustment. In community couples, larger desire discrepancies have been inconsistently linked to lower sexual and relationship satisfaction. However, these studies rarely accounted for both the degree and direction (e.g., which partner has higher desire) of the discrepancy. We surveyed 255 mixed-sex new parent couples to assess their sexual desire, sexual satisfaction, and relationship satisfaction...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514992/sexual-difficulties-faced-by-men-in-the-solomon-islands-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Paraniala Silas C Lui, Michael P Dunne, Philip Baker, Verzilyn Isom
Background: To date there has been little research into men's sexual and reproductive health in Pacific Island countries. The aim of this study was to describe men's sexual difficulties and barriers to their seeking reproductive health care in the Solomon Islands. Methods: The study included qualitative inquiry (17 individual interviews and three focus group discussions with a total of 21 men) and a quantitative quasi-randomised quota sample household survey (n=400). The prevalence of sexual difficulties and potential risk factors, such as chronic diseases, health risk behaviours, depression and psychological distress were measured using standardised questions translated into pidgin...
May 18, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510591/the-case-for-investing-in-the-male-condom
#11
John Stover, James E Rosen, Maria Nadia Carvalho, Eline L Korenromp, Howard S Friedman, Matthew Cogan, Bidia Deperthes
When used correctly and consistently, the male condom offers triple protection from unintended pregnancy and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, with health funding levels stagnant or falling, it is important to understand the cost and health impact associated with prevention technologies. This study is one of the first to attempt to quantify the cost and combined health impact of condom use, as a means to prevent unwanted pregnancy and to prevent transmission of STIs including HIV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509997/social-desirability-bias-and-prevalence-of-sexual-hiv-risk-behaviors-among-people-who-use-drugs-in-baltimore-maryland-implications-for-identifying-individuals-prone-to-underreporting-sexual-risk-behaviors
#12
Amrita Rao, Karin Tobin, Melissa Davey-Rothwell, Carl A Latkin
The role of social desirability bias (SDB) in self-reported HIV risk behaviors continues to be problematic. This study examined whether SDB was associated with self-reported, via audio computer assisted self-interviewing, sexual risk behaviors among people who use drugs. The present study was conducted among 559 participants who reported having a recent sexual partner at their 6-month visit of a longitudinal study. Robust Poisson regression was used to model the association between SDB and five risk behaviors...
May 16, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509570/learners-perspectives-on-the-provision-of-condoms-in-south-african-public-schools
#13
W E de Bruin, S Panday-Soobrayan
A stubborn health challenge for learners in South African public schools concerns sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). In 2015, the Department of Basic Education (DBE) proposed the provision of condoms and SRHR-services to learners in schools. This study aimed to contribute to the finalisation and implementation of DBE's policy by exploring learners' perspectives on the provision of condoms and SRHR-services in schools. Sixteen focus group discussions were conducted with learners (n = 116) from 33 public schools, to assess their attitudes, social influences, and needs and desires regarding condom provision and SRHR-services in schools...
May 16, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508706/british-pakistani-lesbians-existing-within-the-confines-of-the-closet
#14
Asifa Siraj
This study explores the complex interaction between ethnicity, gender and [homo]sexuality and how this creates a framework of stigma that compels some British Pakistani lesbians to remain within the closet. The 'closet' here is a metaphor that describes the concealment of one's homosexual identity and the outward 'performance' of heterosexuality. British Pakistani lesbians precariously inhabit a sociocultural environment that constrains the expression of female sexuality. Women who oppose and contravene heteronormative values and ideals unsettle comfortable assumptions of heterosexuality...
May 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499520/prevalence-and-predictors-of-low-sexual-desire-sexually-related-personal-distress-and-hypoactive-sexual-desire-dysfunction-in-a-community-based-sample-of-midlife-women
#15
Roisin Worsley, Robin J Bell, Pragya Gartoulla, Susan R Davis
BACKGROUND: Low desire is the most common sexual problem in women at midlife. Prevalence data are limited by lack of validated instruments or exclusion of un-partnered or sexually inactive women. AIM: To document the prevalence of and factors associated with low desire, sexually related personal distress, and hypoactive sexual desire dysfunction (HSDD) using validated instruments. METHODS: Cross-sectional, nationally representative, community-based sample of 2,020 Australian women 40 to 65 years old...
May 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499280/help-and-care-seeking-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-youth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
Anna Newton-Levinson, Jami S Leichliter, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: The ability to seek help or medical care for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is vital for sexually active youth; yet, their needs are often unmet. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative systematic review of studies to assess youth and provider views about the behaviors of young people in help seeking and care seeking for STI services in low- and middle-income countries. We searched peer-reviewed literature for studies published between 2001 and 2014 with a study population of youth (age, 10-24 years) and/or health service providers...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498049/the-paradox-of-recognition-hijra-third-gender-and-sexual-rights-in-bangladesh
#17
Adnan Hossain
Hijra, the iconic figure of South Asian gender and sexual difference, comprise a publicly institutionalised subculture of male-bodied feminine-identified people. Although they have existed as a culturally recognised third gender for a very long time, it is only recently that hijra have been legally recognised as a third gender in several South Asian countries. This paper focuses on the transformation of this long-running cultural category of third gender into a legal category of third gender in Bangladesh, showing that the process of legal recognition has necessitated a simultaneous mobilisation of a discourse of disability in the constitution of hijra as citizens worthy of rights...
May 12, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496503/sexual-therapy-for-women-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life
#18
Maryam Zamani, Azadeh Tavoli, Behjat Yazd Khasti, Neda Sedighimornani, Masood Zafar
Objective: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease with a detrimental effect on functional status. The present study investigated the effect of a sexual therapy program on the quality of life (QOL) of women with multiple sclerosis. Method: Women with multiple sclerosis and sexual dysfunction (n = 30) were selected, and were randomly assigned into the treatment (n = 15), or the control groups (n = 15). Participants of the treatment group (n = 15) received 12 weekly sessions of sexual therapy. Participants in both groups completed the Female Sexual Function Inventory (FSFI) and the MS Quality of Life- 54 (MSQOL-54) in the onset of the program and at the end of the program...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495834/testosterone-therapy-for-menopausal-women
#19
(no author information available yet)
It has been suggested that there is a link between low circulating concentrations of testosterone and reduced sexual functioning in postmenopausal women,(1) and it has been more than 60 years since the effects of testosterone therapy for the management of menopausal symptoms were first reported.(2) Since then, testosterone supplementation has received growing attention for its potential role in maintaining sexual function in menopausal women. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guideline on the diagnosis and management of menopause recommends considering testosterone supplementation for women with low sexual desire if hormone replacement therapy (HRT) alone has been ineffective...
May 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495602/a-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-portulaca-oleracea-l
#20
REVIEW
Milad Iranshahy, Behjat Javadi, Mehrdad Iranshahi, Seyedeh Pardis Jahanbakhsh, Saman Mahyari, Faezeh Vahdati Hassani, Gholamreza Karimi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Portulaca oleracea L. is a widespread medicinal plant that is used not only as an edible plant, but also as a traditional medicine for alleviating a wide spectrum of diseases. It is a well-known plant in the European Traditional Medicine. PA is mentioned by Dioscorides (40-90 CE), with the name of "andrachne". AIM OF THE REVIEW: In this study, we provide detailed information on botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological uses, pharmacokinetics and safety of P...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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