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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330640/is-contact-with-children-related-to-legitimizing-beliefs-toward-sex-with-children-among-men-with-pedophilia
#1
Max Geradt, Sara Jahnke, Julia Heinz, Jürgen Hoyer
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, social contact may also decrease false beliefs. We tested these competing views in an anonymous Internet survey with a non-forensic, non-clinical sample of 104 self-classified pedophilic men. Results showed that both increased social and physical contact were significantly linked to fewer legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children, even when controlling for past psychotherapy, educational level, social desirability, and age...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330483/neural-correlates-of-sexual-orientation-in-heterosexual-bisexual-and-homosexual-women
#2
Adam Safron, Victoria Klimaj, David Sylva, A M Rosenthal, Meng Li, Martin Walter, J Michael Bailey
We used fMRI to investigate neural correlates of responses to erotic pictures and videos in heterosexual (N = 26), bisexual (N = 26), and homosexual (N = 24) women, ages 25-50. We focused on the ventral striatum, an area of the brain associated with desire, extending previous findings from the sexual psychophysiology literature in which homosexual women had greater category specificity (relative to heterosexual and bisexual women) in their responses to male and female erotic stimuli. We found that homosexual women's subjective and neural responses reflected greater bias towards female stimuli, compared with bisexual and heterosexual women, whose responses did not significantly differ...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330019/parental-decisional-regret-and-views-about-optimal-timing-of-female-genital-restoration-surgery-in-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#3
Konrad M Szymanski, Benjamin Whittam, Martin Kaefer, Heather Frady, Jessica T Casey, Vi T Tran, Mark P Cain, Richard C Rink
PURPOSE: The role of female genital restoration surgery (FGRS) in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is controversial, with no long-term parent-reported outcomes available. Decisional regret (DR) affects most parents after their children's treatment of pediatric conditions, including hypospadias. We aimed to assess parental DR after FGRS in infancy or toddlerhood and explore optimal timing for surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and six parents of females with CAH undergoing FGRS before 3 years old and followed at our institution (1999-2017) were invited to enroll online...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319127/sexual-function-and-depressive-symptoms-in-young-men-with-hypothyroidism-receiving-levothyroxine-liothyronine-combination-therapy
#4
Robert Krysiak, Bogdan Marek, Bogusław Okopień
INTRODUCTION: Both overt and subclinical hypothyroidism are often accompanied by sexual dysfunction. Despite improving male sexual functioning, levothyroxine treatment does not always restore all its aspects. The aim of this study was to compare male sexual functioning and depressive symptoms between men with hypothyroidism receiving levothyroxine/liothyronine combination therapy and men receiving levothyroxine alone. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 21 young levothyroxine-treated men with clinical symptoms of hypothyroidism in whom serum thyrotropin and thyroid hormone levels were within the normal limits...
January 10, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318600/modern-contraceptive-use-among-women-living-with-hiv-aids-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-in-ghana
#5
Ali Samba, Kareem Mumuni, Joseph A Adu, Promise E Sefogah, William Kudzi, Edmund T Nartey
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors influencing contraceptive use among women living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study included a randomly selected sample of sexually active females aged 15-60 years who were living with HIV/AIDS and receiving care at the HIV Clinic, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana, between September 1 and November 31, 2016. Data were collected via a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Among 202 women who completed the survey, 50 (24...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310164/re-men-s-sexual-response-to-female-partner-s-intranasal-oxytocin-administration-for-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-an-open-prospective-cohort-study
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304401/experiences-of-sexual-harassment-are-associated-with-the-sexual-behavior-of-14-to-18-year-old-adolescents
#7
Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Hanna Savioja, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen
Subjection to sexual harassment is associated with a number of negative outcomes, such as internalizing and externalizing symptoms and a disinclination to attend school. Among adolescents, sexual harassment may increase with both their emerging sexual desires and increased socializing in mixed-gender peer groups during early adolescence. We set out to study the possible associations between normative and risk-taking sexual behavior and subjection to sexual harassment among adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years...
January 2, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303101/-testosterone-therapy-indications-and-risks
#8
M G F Maatje, M Dinkelman-Smit, W P A Boellaard, G R Dohle
- Late onset hypogonadism (LOH) is a shortage of testosterone in adult men whose male development was normal. This form of hypogonadism results in decreased testosterone levels and variable gonadotrophin levels. - The symptoms of LOH are often aspecific and may be consistent with ageing in men: lowered libido, loss of strength, reduced cognitive functioning and disorders of sleeping and mood. - There is discussion about testosterone parameters, but if clinical symptoms are consistent with LOH and the testosterone level is < 8 nmol/l, hypogonadism is evidently indicated...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299729/barriers-and-facilitators-of-hpv-vaccination-in-the-vfc-program
#9
Wayne S Fleming, Kristin K Sznajder, Margaret Nepps, Sameh W Boktor
This study determined facilitators and barriers to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination perceived by providers of healthcare in the federally funded Pennsylvania Vaccines for Children (PA VFC) program. The cross-sectional study gathered descriptive data through a survey research design. Providers of healthcare were recruited through an email containing a link to an 18-question online survey. The survey was divided into four main sections which assessed the perceived facilitators and barriers to HPV vaccination of PA VFC program-eligibles...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297781/internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-realizes-long-term-improvement-in-the-sexual-functioning-and-body-image-of-breast-cancer-survivors
#10
Susanna B Hummel, Jacques Jdm van Lankveld, Hester Sa Oldenburg, Daniela Ee Hahn, Jacobien M Kieffer, Miranda A Gerritsma, Marianne A Kuenen, Nina Bijker, Paul J Borgstein, Gijsbert Heuff, Alexander Mf Lopes Cardozo, Peter W Plaisier, Herman Rijna, Suzan van der Meij, Eric J van Dulken, Bart C Vrouenraets, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
The study aim was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for sexual dysfunctions in 84 breast cancer survivors (BCS). The positive effects of the intervention on overall sexual functioning, sexual desire, sexual arousal, vaginal lubrication, discomfort during sex, sexual distress and body image observed immediate post-treatment were maintained at 3- and 9-months follow-up. Although sexual pleasure decreased during follow-up, it did not return to baseline levels...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295020/disclosing-sex-trading-histories-to-providers-barriers-and-facilitators-to-navigation-of-social-services-among-women-impacted-by-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#11
Lara Gerassi, Tonya E Edmond, Vanessa Fabbre, Abby Howard, Andrea J Nichols
Sex trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) can lead to devastating health and mental health consequences for women, such as elevated rates of substance use, trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and HIV. Consequently, engagement with services that address addiction, mental health, and housing, and provide general advocacy is critically important to women's increased safety, stabilization, and quality of life. The purpose of this study is to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to service access and engagement with social services among women involved in CSE...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295010/preferences-and-ratings-of-partner-traits-in-female-survivors-of-childhood-abuse-with-ptsd-and-healthy-controls
#12
Klara A Lieberz, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Kathlen Priebe, Franziska Friedmann, Nora Görg, Julia Isabell Herzog, Regina Steil
There is growing empirical evidence for an association between childhood abuse (CA) and intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. We tested whether revictimized survivors of severe to extreme severities of child sexual abuse (CSA) and severe severities of child physical abuse (CPA) differed from nonvictimized healthy controls in their trait preferences in intimate partners and their current mate choice. In a sample of 52 revictimized female patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after CSA/CPA and 52 female healthy controls, the validated Intimate Partner Preferences Questionnaire (IPPQ) was used to assess (a) the desirability of tenderness, dominance, and aggression traits in potential partners, and (b) the presence of these traits in their current intimate partners...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294968/situational-and-dispositional-determinants-of-college-men-s-perception-of-women-s-sexual-desire-and-consent-to-sex-a-factorial-vignette-analysis
#13
Ashton M Lofgreen, Richard E Mattson, Samantha A Wagner, Edwin G Ortiz, Matthew D Johnson
Sexual victimization of women by men on college campuses is a growing societal concern, with research identifying a host of situational and characterological factors that may predict men's likelihood to engage in sexual misconduct. In the present study, we examined the relative contribution and potential interplay of these various determinants on college men's perceptions of women's sexual desire and consent in hypothetical dating scenarios depicting a sexual interaction. We found that the men ( N = 145) in this sample (a) conflated sexual desire with consent, (b) varied their appraisals of consent and desire depending on whether and how the woman in the vignette communicated consent or refusal, (c) perceived higher levels of consent if the man in the vignette had intercourse with the woman previously and as a function of escalating sexual intimacy in the ongoing interaction, (d) endorsed higher levels of perceived desire and consent across situations if they more strongly held rape-supportive attitudes, and (e) moderated their association between situational factors and perceptions of a woman's sexual intentions based on their endorsement of rape myths and a hypermasculine ideology...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294880/-miscommunication-and-undergraduate-women-s-conceptualizations-of-sexual-assault-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Christina M Dardis, Kathryn M Kraft, Christine A Gidycz
Approximately 60% of legally defined rape victims do not label their experiences as "rape," most of whom label the experience as "a serious miscommunication." However, little research has examined why women choose this label. Labeling rape as a miscommunication could be problematic if chosen due to stereotypical conceptions that one's experience is not "real" rape. The present study used a mixed-methodological approach to understand why women might refer to rape as a "miscommunication," and how their reasons for labeling might differ from those who label their experiences and those who are nonlabeled (i...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294856/uncovering-indicators-of-commercial-sexual-exploitation
#15
Dawn Bounds, Kathleen R Delaney, Wrenetha Julion, Susan Breitenstein
It is estimated that annually 100,000 to 300,000 youth are at risk for sex trafficking; a commercial sex act induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or any such act where the person induced to perform such an act is younger than 18 years of age. Increasingly, such transactions are occurring online via Internet-based sites that serve the commercial sex industry. Commercial sex transactions involving trafficking are illegal; thus, Internet discussions between those involved must be veiled. Even so, transactions around sex trafficking do occur...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294759/great-sexpectations-the-impact-of-participant-gender-defendant-desirability-and-date-cost-on-attributions-of-a-date-rape-victim-and-defendant
#16
Kellie R Lynch, Jenna A Jewell, Nesa E Wasarhaley, Jonathan M Golding, Claire M Renzetti
We investigated the effect of the desirability of the defendant and the cost of a date on how participants assigned blame in a date rape context. Community participants ( N = 211) read one of four date rape trial summaries that differed based on the two manipulated independent variables: the desirability of the defendant (i.e., high vs. low desirability) and the cost of the date (i.e., expensive [US$175] vs. inexpensive [US$30]). Participants then rated the victim and defendant on various attributes related to the trial (credibility, blame, and guilt) and post-date sexual behavior (expectations, want, and deservingness of sex)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294752/the-intergenerational-legacy-of-genocidal-rape-the-realities-and-perspectives-of-children-born-of-the-rwandan-genocide
#17
Myriam Denov, Leah Woolner, Jules Pacifique Bahati, Paulin Nsuki, Obed Shyaka
Brutal acts of sexual violence were documented on a mass scale during the 1994 Rwandan genocide. While existing scholarship on sexual violence has significantly increased our understanding of the challenges confronting survivors, gaps in knowledge remain regarding the lived experiences of children born of genocidal rape. This study sought to explore the realities and perspectives of children born of genocidal rape, and the existing opportunities and challenges they experienced in postgenocide Rwanda. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with 60 participants born of genocidal rape in Rwanda...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289554/efficacy-and-safety-of-on-demand-use-of-2-treatments-designed-for-different-etiologies-of-female-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder-3-randomized-clinical-trials
#18
Adriaan Tuiten, Kim van Rooij, Jos Bloemers, Christoph Eisenegger, Jack van Honk, Rob Kessels, Sheryl Kingsberg, Leonard R Derogatis, Leo de Leede, Jeroen Gerritsen, Hans P F Koppeschaar, Berend Olivier, Walter Everaerd, Henderik W Frijlink, Daniël Höhle, Robert P J de Lange, Koen B E Böcker, James G Pfaus
BACKGROUND: In women, low sexual desire and/or sexual arousal can lead to sexual dissatisfaction and emotional distress, collectively defined as female sexual interest/arousal disorder (FSIAD). Few pharmaceutical treatment options are currently available. AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of 2 novel on-demand pharmacologic treatments that have been designed to treat 2 FSIAD subgroups (women with low sensitivity for sexual cues and women with dysfunctional over-activation of sexual inhibition) using a personalized medicine approach using an allocation formula based on genetic, hormonal, and psychological variables developed to predict drug efficacy in the subgroups...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289374/safety-of-flibanserin-in-women-treated-with-antidepressants-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#19
Anita H Clayton, Harry A Croft, James Yuan, Louise Brown, Robert Kissling
BACKGROUND: Depression is often associated with sexual dysfunction, and pharmacologic treatment for hypoactive sexual desire disorder can be considered in women receiving treatment for depression. AIM: To evaluate the safety of flibanserin in women treated for depression with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. METHODS: In this double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, women with remitted or mild depression treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors who were not postmenopausal and were experiencing symptoms of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (ie, decreased sexual desire and related distress) received flibanserin 50 mg at bedtime (qhs) for 2 weeks and up-titrated to 100 mg qhs, flibanserin 100 mg qhs for the entire treatment period, or placebo for up to 12 weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288108/sexual-dysfunction-after-good-grade-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#20
Lorenz Epprecht, Michael Messerli, Robin Samuel, Martin Seule, Johannes Weber, Jean-Yves Fournier, Werner Surbeck
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the consequences of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) on sexual pleasure in patients with an otherwise favorable neurological outcome. METHODS: Anonymous, standardized questionnaires concerning sexual function, including the International Index of Erectile Function, Female Sexual Function Index, and a statement on subjective change in sexual pleasure after aSAH, were completed by 33 patients treated at the Cantonal Hospital St...
December 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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