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Quantum coherence

A André, C Theurer, J Lauth, S Maiti, M Hodas, M Samadi Khoshkhoo, S Kinge, A J Meixner, F Schreiber, L D A Siebbeles, K Braun, M Scheele
We simultaneously surface-functionalize PbS nanocrystals with Cu 4,4',4'',4'''-tetraaminophthalocyanine and assemble this hybrid material into macroscopic monolayers. Electron microscopy and X-ray scattering reveal a granular mesocrystalline structure with strong coherence between the atomic lattice and the superlattice of nanocrystals within each domain. Terahertz spectroscopy and field-effect transistor measurements indicate efficient coupling of holes throughout the hybrid thin film, in conjunction with a pronounced photoresponse...
January 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Marissa A McKercher, Deborah S Wuttke
Heteronuclear single quantum coherence (HSQC) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments offer a rapid and high resolution approach to gaining binding and conformational insights into a protein-peptide interaction. By tracking (1)H and (15)N chemical shift changes over the course of a peptide titration into isotopically labeled protein, amide NH pairs of amino acids whose chemical environment changes upon peptide binding can be identified. When mapped onto a structure of the protein, this approach can identify the peptide-binding interface or regions undergoing conformation changes within a protein upon ligand binding...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Storm E Weiner, Marios C Tsatsos, Lorenz S Cederbaum, Axel U J Lode
Vortices are essential to angular momentum in quantum systems such as ultracold atomic gases. The existence of quantized vorticity in bosonic systems stimulated the development of the Gross-Pitaevskii mean-field approximation. However, the true dynamics of angular momentum in finite, interacting many-body systems like trapped Bose-Einstein condensates is enriched by the emergence of quantum correlations whose description demands more elaborate methods. Herein we theoretically investigate the full many-body dynamics of the acquisition of angular momentum by a gas of ultracold bosons in two dimensions using a standard rotation procedure...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Sandeep Mavadia, Virginia Frey, Jarrah Sastrawan, Stephen Dona, Michael J Biercuk
The wide-ranging adoption of quantum technologies requires practical, high-performance advances in our ability to maintain quantum coherence while facing the challenge of state collapse under measurement. Here we use techniques from control theory and machine learning to predict the future evolution of a qubit's state; we deploy this information to suppress stochastic, semiclassical decoherence, even when access to measurements is limited. First, we implement a time-division multiplexed approach, interleaving measurement periods with periods of unsupervised but stabilised operation during which qubits are available, for example, in quantum information experiments...
January 16, 2017: Nature Communications
Nghia Tuan Duong, Yusuke Nishiyama
Recent study has demonstrated the application of the proton-detected heteronuclear multi-quantum coherence (HMQC) at ultrafast Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) to probe quadrupolar nuclei including (14)N and (35)Cl. In addition, for half-integer quadrupolar nucleus like (35)Cl, the quadrupolar product can be calculated based on the shift difference between the center band of satellite transition (ST) and the central transition (CT) peaks. The applicability of this technique is further investigated on spin I=5/2, namely (27)Al nucleus, and kaolin is chosen as the testing sample...
January 4, 2017: Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Jeremy B Clark, Florent Lecocq, Raymond W Simmonds, José Aumentado, John D Teufel
Quantum fluctuations of the electromagnetic vacuum produce measurable physical effects such as Casimir forces and the Lamb shift. They also impose an observable limit-known as the quantum backaction limit-on the lowest temperatures that can be reached using conventional laser cooling techniques. As laser cooling experiments continue to bring massive mechanical systems to unprecedentedly low temperatures, this seemingly fundamental limit is increasingly important in the laboratory. Fortunately, vacuum fluctuations are not immutable and can be 'squeezed', reducing amplitude fluctuations at the expense of phase fluctuations...
January 11, 2017: Nature
A M R V L Monteiro, D J Groenendijk, N Manca, E Mulazimoglu, S Goswami, Ya Blanter, L M K Vandersypen, A D Caviglia
Novel physical phenomena arising at the interface of complex oxide heterostructures offer exciting opportunities for the development of future electronic devices. Using the prototypical LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface as a model system, we employ a single-step lithographic process to realize gate-tunable Josephson junctions through a combination of lateral confinement and local side gating. The action of the side gates is found to be comparable to that of a local back gate, constituting a robust and efficient way to control the properties of the interface at the nanoscale...
January 19, 2017: Nano Letters
Gyeongjin Lee, Junwoo Kim, So Young Kim, Dong Eon Kim, Taiha Joo
Coherent nuclear wave packet motions in an electronic excited state of a molecule have been measured directly by time-resolved spontaneous fluorescence with an unprecedented time resolution by employing two photon absorption excitation and fluorescence upconversion by noncollinear sum frequency generation. With estimated time resolution of ~25 fs, we were able to record wave packet motions of vibrational modes up to 1600 cm1 for coumarin 153 in ethanol. Two-color transient absorption at 13 fs time resolution has been measured to confirm the result...
January 10, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Sonja Franke-Arnold
Any coherent interaction of light and atoms needs to conserve energy, linear momentum and angular momentum. What happens to an atom's angular momentum if it encounters light that carries orbital angular momentum (OAM)? This is a particularly intriguing question as the angular momentum of atoms is quantized, incorporating the intrinsic spin angular momentum of the individual electrons as well as the OAM associated with their spatial distribution. In addition, a mechanical angular momentum can arise from the rotation of the entire atom, which for very cold atoms is also quantized...
February 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Dong Zhu, Xin-He Wang, Wei-Cheng Kong, Guang-Wei Deng, Jiang-Tao Wang, Hai-Ou Li, Gang Cao, Ming Xiao, Kai-Li Jiang, Xing-Can Dai, Guang-Can Guo, Franco Nori, Guo-Ping Guo
Phonon-cavity electromechanics allows the manipulation of mechanical oscillations similar to photon-cavity systems. Many advances on this subject have been achieved in various materials. In addition, the coherent phonon transfer (phonon Rabi oscillations) between the phonon cavity mode and another oscillation mode has attracted many interest in nanoscience. Here, we demonstrate coherent phonon transfer in a carbon nanotube phonon-cavity system with two mechanical modes exhibiting strong dynamical coupling. The gate-tunable phonon oscillation modes are manipulated and detected by extending the red-detuned pump idea of photonic cavity electromechanics...
January 11, 2017: Nano Letters
Jiezhen Liang, Xiaopeng Chen, Linlin Wang, Xiaojie Wei, Huasheng Wang, Songzhou Lu, Yunhua Li
The aim of present study was to obtain total reducing sugars (TRS) by hydrolysis in subcritical CO2-water from sugarcane bagasse pith (SCBP), the fibrous residue remaining after papermaking from sugarcane bagasse. The optimum hydrolysis conditions were evaluated by L16(4(5)) orthogonal experiments. The TRS yield achieved 45.8% at the optimal conditions: 200°C, 40min, 500rmin(-1), CO2 initial pressure of 1MPa and liquid-to-solid ratio of 50:1. Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and two-dimensional heteronuclear single quantum coherence nuclear magnetic resonance were used to characterize hydrolysis liquor, treated and untreated SCBP, resulting in the removal of hemicelluloses to mainly produce xylose, glucose and arabinose during hydrolysis...
December 24, 2016: Bioresource Technology
Guanru Feng, Joel J Wallman, Brandon Buonacorsi, Franklin H Cho, Daniel K Park, Tao Xin, Dawei Lu, Jonathan Baugh, Raymond Laflamme
To exploit a given physical system for quantum information processing, it is critical to understand the different types of noise affecting quantum control. Distinguishing coherent and incoherent errors is extremely useful as they can be reduced in different ways. Coherent errors are generally easier to reduce at the hardware level, e.g., by improving calibration, whereas some sources of incoherent errors, e.g., T_{2}^{*} processes, can be reduced by engineering robust pulses. In this work, we illustrate how purity benchmarking and randomized benchmarking can be used together to distinguish between coherent and incoherent errors and to quantify the reduction in both of them due to using optimal control pulses and accounting for the transfer function in an electron spin resonance system...
December 23, 2016: Physical Review Letters
M Shcherbatenko, Y Lobanov, A Semenov, V Kovalyuk, A Korneev, R Ozhegov, A Kazakov, B M Voronov, G N Goltsman
Here, we report on the successful operation of a NbN thin film superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SNSPD) in a coherent mode (as a mixer) at the telecommunication wavelength of 1550 nm. Providing the local oscillator power of the order of a few picowatts, we were practically able to reach the quantum noise limited sensitivity. The intermediate frequency gain bandwidth (also referred to as response or conversion bandwidth) was limited by the spectral band of a single-photon response pulse of the detector, which is proportional to the detector size...
December 26, 2016: Optics Express
Stefan Lerch, André Stefanov
We apply the method of quantum state tomography for the reconstruction of classical laser pulses. The scheme is based on linear inversion, has no need for iterative inversion algorithm or deconvolution, and accounts for partial coherence. The reconstruction protocol is successfully tested on amplitude and phase shaped femtosecond pulses.
December 26, 2016: Optics Express
D Brunner, R Luna, A Delhom I Latorre, X Porte, I Fischer
We demonstrate a coherence increase by six orders of magnitude of a standard quantum well semiconductor laser. Using a simple, optical-fiber-based feedback scheme, we stabilize the laser in a high-gain mode of a long external cavity. In a modified self-heterodyne measurement, we mix the high-gain mode with a strongly suppressed side mode and obtain an interference linewidth of only 12.6 Hz, corresponding to a decoherence of (3.1±2.9) Hz. In an independent characterization using an etalon, we deduce an upper limit of 300 Hz for the laser linewidth...
January 1, 2017: Optics Letters
V D Lakhno, A S Shigaev, T B Feldman, V A Nadtochenko, M A Ostrovsky
A quantum-classical model of photoisomerization of the visual pigment rhodopsin chromophore is proposed. At certain (and more realistic) parameter value combinations, the model is shown to accurately reproduce a number of independent experimental data on the photoreaction dynamics: the quantum yield, the time to reach the point of conical intersection of potential energy surfaces, the termination time of the evolution of quantum subsystem, as well as the characteristic low frequencies of retinal molecular lattice fluctuations during photoisomerization...
November 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
K Bader, S H Schlindwein, D Gudat, J van Slageren
Molecular qubits with the longest coherence times thus far are based on nuclear-spin-carrying central ions. These nuclear spins can cause quantum state leakage, which is detrimental to quantum algorithm performance. We present two novel molecular qubits based on potentially nuclear spin-free Ni in the formal oxidation state 3+. (d20-PPh4)[Ni(mnt)2] (Ni-mnt, mnt(2-) = maleonitrile-1,2-dithiolate) possesses a coherence time of up to 38.7 μs at 7 K. Functionalization of the dithiolate ligand decreases the coherence time by a factor of only four in (HNEt3)[Ni(dip)2] (Ni-dip, dip(2-) = 3-(diphenylphosphoryl)-methylbenzene-1,2-dithiolate), indicating that monoanionic Ni-dithiolene complexes are promising and robust building blocks for polynuclear molecular qubit gates...
January 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Soumen Ghosh, Michael M Bishop, Jerome D Roscioli, Amy M LaFountain, Harry A Frank, Warren F Beck
Excitation energy transfer from peridinin to chlorophyll (Chl) a is unusually efficient in the peridinin-chlorophyll a protein (PCP) from dinoflagellates. This enhanced performance is derived from the long intrinsic lifetime of 4.4 ps for the S2 (1(1)Bu(+)) state of peridinin in PCP, which arises from the electron-withdrawing properties of its carbonyl substituent. Results from heterodyne transient grating spectroscopy indicate that S2 serves as the donor for two channels of energy transfer: a 30 fs process involving quantum coherence and delocalized peridinin-Chl states and an incoherent, 2...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Giriraj Jnawali, Mengchen Huang, Jen-Feng Hsu, Hyungwoo Lee, Jung-Woo Lee, Patrick Irvin, Chang-Beom Eom, Brian D'Urso, Jeremy Levy
High mobility graphene field-effect devices, fabricated on the complex-oxide heterostructure LaAlO3 /SrTiO3 , exhibit quantum interference signatures up to room temperature. The oxide material is believed to play a critical role in suppressing short-range and phonon contributions to scattering. The ability to maintain pseudospin coherence at room temperature holds promise for the realization of new classical and quantum information technologies.
January 2, 2017: Advanced Materials
M Kociak, L F Zagonel
Cathodoluminescence (CL) is a powerful tool for the investigation of optical properties of materials. In recent years, its combination with scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) has demonstrated great success in unveiling new physics in the field of plasmonics and quantum emitters. Most of these results were not imaginable even twenty years ago, due to conceptual and technical limitations. The purpose of this review is to present the recent advances that broke these limitations, and the new possibilities offered by the modern STEM-CL technique...
December 19, 2016: Ultramicroscopy
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