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Quantum coherence

Elad Harel
The correlations between different quantum-mechanical degrees of freedom of molecular species dictate their chemical and physical properties. Generally, these correlations are reflected in the optical response of the system but in low-order or low-dimensionality measurement the signals are highly averaged. Here, we describe a novel four-dimensional coherent spectroscopic method that directly correlates within and between the manifold of electronic and vibrational states. The optical response theory is developed in terms of both resonant and non-resonant field-matter interactions...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
T Astner, S Nevlacsil, N Peterschofsky, A Angerer, S Rotter, S Putz, J Schmiedmayer, J Majer
We report coherent coupling between two macroscopically separated nitrogen-vacancy electron spin ensembles in a cavity quantum electrodynamics system. The coherent interaction between the distant ensembles is directly detected in the cavity transmission spectrum by observing bright and dark collective multiensemble states and an increase of the coupling strength to the cavity mode. Additionally, in the dispersive limit we show transverse ensemble-ensemble coupling via virtual photons.
April 7, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Hirobumi Mineo, Yuichi Fujimura
Control of π-electrons in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is one of the fundamental issues in optoelectronics for ultrafast optical switching devices. We have proposed an effective scenario for design of the generation of coherent ring currents in naphthalene (D2h), which is the smallest unit of planar PAHs. It has been demonstrated by using quantum chemical calculations and quantum optimal control (QOC) simulations that two types of ring currents, parallel and antiparallel, can be generated by resonance excitations by two linearly polarized lasers...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Julie M Grondin, David N Langelaan, Steven P Smith
Solution-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy can be used to monitor protein-carbohydrate interactions. Two-dimensional (1)H-(15)N heteronuclear single quantum coherence (HSQC)-based techniques described in this chapter can be used quickly and effectively to screen a set of possible carbohydrate binding partners, to quantify the dissociation constant (K d) of any identified interactions, and to map the carbohydrate binding site on the structure of the protein. Here, we describe the titration of a family 32 carbohydrate binding module from Clostridium perfringens (CpCBM32) with the monosaccharide N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc), in which we calculate the apparent dissociation of the interaction, and map the GalNAc binding site onto the structure of CpCBM32...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Jun Ren, Tian Chen, Bo Wang, Xiangdong Zhang
The theory of energy transfer dynamics of a pair of donor and acceptor molecules located in the plasmonic hot spots is developed by means of the master equation approach and the electromagnetic Green's tensor technique. A nonlocal effect has been considered by using a hydrodynamic model. The coherent interaction between the two molecules in plasmonic nanostructures is investigated, and we find that the coupling strength between two molecules can be larger than dissipation. It is shown that the energy transfer efficiency of a pair of molecules can be improved largely and the transfer time decreases to dozens of femtoseconds when the contribution of quantum coherence is considered...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
T Czerniuk, D Wigger, A V Akimov, C Schneider, M Kamp, S Höfling, D R Yakovlev, T Kuhn, D E Reiter, M Bayer
A picosecond acoustic pulse can be used to control the lasing emission from semiconductor nanostructures by shifting their electronic transitions. When the active medium, here an ensemble of (In,Ga)As quantum dots, is shifted into or out of resonance with the cavity mode, a large enhancement or suppression of the lasing emission can dynamically be achieved. Most interesting, even in the case when gain medium and cavity mode are in resonance, we observe an enhancement of the lasing due to shaking by coherent phonons...
March 31, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Luca Mancino, Marco Sbroscia, Ilaria Gianani, Emanuele Roccia, Marco Barbieri
Standard thermometry employs the thermalization of a probe with the system of interest. This approach can be extended by incorporating the possibility of using the nonequilibrium states of the probe and the presence of coherence. Here, we illustrate how these concepts apply to the single-qubit thermometer introduced by Jevtic et al. [Phys. Rev. A 91, 012331 (2015)PLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.91.012331] by performing a simulation of the qubit-environment interaction in a linear-optical device. We discuss the role of the coherence and how this affects the usefulness of nonequilibrium conditions...
March 31, 2017: Physical Review Letters
C Luciuk, S Smale, F Böttcher, H Sharum, B A Olsen, S Trotzky, T Enss, J H Thywissen
We measure the transport properties of two-dimensional ultracold Fermi gases during transverse demagnetization in a magnetic field gradient. Using a phase-coherent spin-echo sequence, we are able to distinguish bare spin diffusion from the Leggett-Rice effect, in which demagnetization is slowed by the precession of a spin current around the local magnetization. When the two-dimensional scattering length is tuned to be comparable to the inverse Fermi wave vector k_{F}^{-1}, we find that the bare transverse spin diffusivity reaches a minimum of 1...
March 31, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Michele Cotrufo, Andrea Fiore, Ewold Verhagen
We propose a novel type of optomechanical coupling which enables a tripartite interaction between a quantum emitter, an optical mode, and a macroscopic mechanical oscillator. The interaction uses a mechanism we term mode field coupling: a mechanical displacement modifies the spatial distribution of the optical mode field, which, in turn, modulates the emitter-photon coupling rate. In properly designed multimode optomechanical systems, we can achieve situations in which mode field coupling is the only possible interaction pathway for the system...
March 31, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Sebastian Kleis, Max Rueckmann, Christian G Schaeffer
In this Letter, we propose a novel implementation of continuous variable quantum key distribution that operates with a real local oscillator placed at the receiver site. In addition, pulsing of the continuous wave laser sources is not required, leading to an extraordinary practical and secure setup. It is suitable for arbitrary schemes based on modulated coherent states and heterodyne detection. The shown results include transmission experiments, as well as an excess noise analysis applying a discrete 8-state phase modulation...
April 15, 2017: Optics Letters
Katrin Zimmermann, Anna Jordan, Frédéric Gay, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Zheng Han, Vincent Bouchiat, Hermann Sellier, Benjamin Sacépé
Charge carriers in the quantum Hall regime propagate via one-dimensional conducting channels that form along the edges of a two-dimensional electron gas. Controlling their transmission through a gate-tunable constriction, also called quantum point contact, is fundamental for many coherent transport experiments. However, in graphene, tailoring a constriction with electrostatic gates remains challenging due to the formation of p-n junctions below gate electrodes along which electron and hole edge channels co-propagate and mix, short circuiting the constriction...
April 13, 2017: Nature Communications
Dirk Witthaut, Sandro Wimberger, Raffaella Burioni, Marc Timme
Synchronization and entanglement constitute fundamental collective phenomena in multi-unit classical and quantum systems, respectively, both equally implying coordinated system states. Here, we present a direct link for a class of isolated quantum many-body systems, demonstrating that synchronization emerges as an intrinsic system feature. Intriguingly, quantum coherence and entanglement arise persistently through the same transition as synchronization. This direct link between classical and quantum cooperative phenomena may further our understanding of strongly correlated quantum systems and can be readily observed in state-of-the-art experiments, for example, with ultracold atoms...
April 12, 2017: Nature Communications
Tomoaki Ota, Masayuki Hashisaka, Koji Muraki, T Fujisawa
Cross-correlation noise in electrical currents generated from a series connection of two quantum point contacts (QPCs), the injector and the detector, is described for investigating energy relaxation in quantum Hall edge channels at bulk filling factor <i>ν</i> = 1. We address the importance of tuning the energy bias across the detector for this purpose. For a long channel with a macroscopic floating ohmic contact that thermalizes the electrons, the cross-correlation turns from negative values to the maximally positive value (identical noise in the two currents) by tuning the effective energy bias to zero...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Georgios M Nikolopoulos, Eleni Diamanti
We propose a scheme for authentication of physical keys that are materialized by optical multiple-scattering media. The authentication relies on the optical response of the key when probed by randomly selected coherent states of light, and the use of standard wavefront-shaping techniques that direct the scattered photons coherently to a specific target mode at the output. The quadratures of the electromagnetic field of the scattered light at the target mode are analysed using a homodyne detection scheme, and the acceptance or rejection of the key is decided upon the outcomes of the measurements...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Wagner E Richter, Arnaldo F Silva, Roy E Bruns
The inclusion of atomic polarizations for describing molecular electronic structure changes on vibration is shown to be necessary for coherent infrared intensity modeling. Atomic charges from the ChelpG partition scheme and atomic charges and dipoles from Quantum Theory of Atoms in Molecules (QTAIM) were employed within two different models to describe the stretching and bending vibrational intensities of the C-H, C-F, and C=O groups. The model employing the QTAIM parameters was the Charge-Charge Transfer and Dipolar Polarization model (QTAIM/CCTDP), and the model employing the ChelpG charges was the Equilibrium Charge-Charge Flux (ChelpG/ECCF)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Romain Anankine, Mussie Beian, Suzanne Dang, Mathieu Alloing, Edmond Cambril, Kamel Merghem, Carmen Gomez Carbonell, Aristide Lemaître, François Dubin
We study spatially indirect excitons of GaAs quantum wells, confined in a 10  μm electrostatic trap. Below a critical temperature of about 1 K, we detect macroscopic spatial coherence and quantized vortices in the weak photoluminescence emitted from the trap. These quantum signatures are restricted to a narrow range of density, in a dilute regime. They manifest the formation of a four-component superfluid, made by a low population of optically bright excitons coherently coupled to a dominant fraction of optically dark excitons...
March 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Johannes Floß, Paul Brumer
Coherent control of chaotic molecular systems, using laser-assisted alignment of sulphur dioxide (SO2) molecules in the presence of a static electric field as an example, is considered. Conditions for which the classical version of this system is chaotic are established, and the quantum and classical analogs are shown to be in very good correspondence. It is found that the chaos present in the classical system does not impede the alignment, neither in the classical nor in the quantum system. Using the results of numerical calculations, we suggest that laser-assisted alignment is stable against rotational chaos for all asymmetric top molecules...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Carlos Sabín
We show how to use quantum metrology to detect a wormhole. A coherent state of the electromagnetic field experiences a phase shift with a slight dependence on the throat radius of a possible distant wormhole. We show that this tiny correction is, in principle, detectable by homodyne measurements after long propagation lengths for a wide range of throat radii and distances to the wormhole, even if the detection takes place very far away from the throat, where the spacetime is very close to a flat geometry. We use realistic parameters from state-of-the-art long-baseline laser interferometry, both Earth-based and space-borne...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
S Lenz, K Bader, H Bamberger, J van Slageren
We have investigated the electron spin dynamics in a series of copper(ii) β-diketonate complexes both in frozen solutions and doped solids. Double digit microsecond coherence times were found at low temperatures. We report quantitative simulations of the coherence decays solely based on the crystal structure of the doped solids.
April 6, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Wen-Wu Deng, Gao-Xiang Li, Hong Qin
In a coherently-driven nanocavity QED system, the one-photon blockade via quantum interference is investigated by the modified Lindblad master equation and without using the secular approximation as well. Based on the dressed bases of the Rabi Hamiltonian, a modified Lindblad master equation is obtained, which is valid for any arbitrary degree of the qubit-cavity interaction. It is found that the damping coefficients are very sensitive to interaction strength between the qubit and the cavity mode. How to enhance the one-photon blockade by using the quantum interference effect is discussed with the generalized second-order correlation function and the second-order perturbation in the five-state truncation of the Hilbert space...
March 20, 2017: Optics Express
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