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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942767/measuring-the-effect-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-on-cognitive-function-in-children-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-evidence
#1
Kei Owada, Mark Nielsen, Colleen L Lau, Archie C A Clements, Laith Yakob, Ricardo J Soares Magalhães
Recently the role of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in children's cognitive developmental impairment has been under scrutiny. We conducted a systematic review of the evidence for associations between STH infections and cognitive function of children using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses protocol. We aimed to identify the domains of cognitive function in three age strata (<24months, 24-59months and ≥60months) and critically appraise the general design protocol of the studies, with a focus on the cognitive function measurement tools used...
2017: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940784/cognitive-impairment-has-no-impact-on-hospital-associated-dysphagia-in-aspiration-pneumonia-patients
#2
Keisuke Maeda, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Hiroshi Shamoto, Junji Akagi
AIM: Hospital-associated dysphagia, characterized by deconditioning of swallowing as a result of hospitalization, is sometimes observed in patients with aspiration pneumonia (AP). Cognitive impairment is known as a negative factor in dysphagia rehabilitation. The present study aimed to examine the association between cognitive impairment and hospital-associated dysphagia in patients with AP receiving dysphagia rehabilitation. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out in an acute geriatric hospital...
September 21, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939667/mixed-neuropathologies-and-associations-with-domain-specific-cognitive-decline
#3
Willa D Brenowitz, Rebecca A Hubbard, C Dirk Keene, Stephen E Hawes, W T Longstreth, Randy L Woltjer, Walter A Kukull
OBJECTIVE: To test whether decline in specific cognitive domains associated with Alzheimer disease neuropathologic change (ADNC) is modified by co-occurrence of other neuropathologies such as Lewy body disease (LBD) or vascular brain injury (VBI). METHODS: Data came from 1,603 autopsied participants evaluated at US Alzheimer's Disease Centers. Standardized z scores in memory, attention, language, and executive function were derived from neuropsychological test scores assessed at each annual visit...
September 22, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938250/listening-effort-how-the-cognitive-consequences-of-acoustic-challenge-are-reflected-in-brain-and-behavior
#4
Jonathan E Peelle
Everyday conversation frequently includes challenges to the clarity of the acoustic speech signal, including hearing impairment, background noise, and foreign accents. Although an obvious problem is the increased risk of making word identification errors, extracting meaning from a degraded acoustic signal is also cognitively demanding, which contributes to increased listening effort. The concepts of cognitive demand and listening effort are critical in understanding the challenges listeners face in comprehension, which are not fully predicted by audiometric measures...
September 21, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937972/a-risk-factor-analysis-of-cognitive-impairment-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-diseases-in-a-chinese-population
#5
Ye Li, Xiang Fang, Wei-Gang Zhao, Yan Chen, Shi-Lian Hu
BACKGROUND This study analyzed the risk factors of cognitive impairment (CI) in elderly patients with chronic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS In total of 385 elderly patients with chronic diseases were selected and assigned into CI and normal groups. The activities of daily living (ADL), global deterioration scale (GDS), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), and mini nutritional assessment (MNA) were performed to analyze the differences between the 2 groups...
September 22, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937305/core-vocabulary-in-the-narratives-of-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#6
Prarthana Shivabasappa, Elizabeth D Peña, Lisa M Bedore
PURPOSE: Children with primary language impairment (PLI) demonstrate deficits in morphosyntax and vocabulary. We studied how these deficits may manifest in the core vocabulary use of bilingual children with PLI. METHOD: Thirty bilingual children with and without PLI who were matched pairwise (experimental group) narrated two Spanish and two English stories in kindergarten and first grade. Core vocabulary was derived from the 30 most frequently used words in the stories of 65 and 37 typically developing (TD) first graders (normative group) for Spanish and English, respectively...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937032/development-and-standardization-of-a-new-cognitive-assessment-test-battery-for-chinese-aphasic-patients-a-preliminary-study
#7
Ji-Bao Wu, Zhi-Hong Lyu, Xiao-Jia Liu, Hai-Peng Li, Qi Wang
BACKGROUND: Nonlinguistic cognitive impairment has become an important issue for aphasic patients, but currently there are few neuropsychological cognitive assessment tests for it. To get more information on cognitive impairment of aphasic patients, this study aimed to develop a new cognitive assessment test battery for aphasic patients, the Non-language-based Cognitive Assessment (NLCA), and evaluate its utility in Chinese-speaking patients with aphasia. METHODS: The NLCA consists of five nonverbal tests, which could assess five nonlinguistic cognitive domains such as visuospatial functions, attention test, memory, reasoning, and executive functions of aphasic patients...
October 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934899/knowledge-about-and-attitude-towards-fertility-preservation-in-young-female-cancer-patients-a-cross-sectional-online-survey
#8
Corinne Urech, Verena Ehrbar, Jacky Boivin, Madleina Müller, Judith Alder, Rosanna Zanetti Dällenbach, Christoph Rochlitz, Sibil Tschudin
Recent advances in cancer therapy have resulted in an increased number of long-term cancer survivors. However, because of their treatment, women might be confronted with impaired fertility. The options of fertility preservation (FP) techniques are increasing. The goal of this study was to assess knowledge about, and attitudes towards, fertility preservation in young female cancer patients. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted including 155 former female cancer patients from English and German speaking countries...
September 22, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934787/complex-regional-pain-syndrome-type-i-a-debilitating-and-poorly-understood-syndrome-possible-role-for-pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-a-narrative-review
#9
Stefania Pagani, Francesca Veronesi, Nicolo Nicoli Aldini, Milena Fini
BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I), also called algodystrophy, is a complex syndrome characterized by limb pain, edema, allodynia, hyperalgesia and functional impairment of bone with a similar clinical picture of osteoporosis, including an increased release of various pro-inflammatory neuropeptides and cytokines. Several treatments have been proposed for CRPS-I, but due to the poor outcome of conventional drugs and the invasiveness of some techniques, expectations are now directed towards new resources that could be more effective and less invasive...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933610/exercise-interventions-in-multiple-sclerosis-rehabilitation-need-better-reporting-on-comorbidities-a-systematic-scoping-review
#10
Etienne J Bisson, Afolasade Fakolade, Julie Pétrin, Julie Lamarre, Marcia Finlayson
OBJECTIVE: To identify the extent to which exercise intervention studies in multiple sclerosis rehabilitation are addressing comorbidities and if researchers consider comorbidities as possible moderators or mediators of exercise outcomes. METHODS: Five databases were searched from inception to January 8, 2016, for exercise-related terms in combination with multiple sclerosis. Studies were screened and limited to randomized control trials, full text, and English language...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932777/dataset-on-the-associations-between-sleep-quality-duration-and-cognitive-performance-in-cognitively-healthy-older-adults
#11
A Tsapanou, Y Gu, D M O'Shea, M Yannakoulia, M H Kosmidis, E Dardiotis, G Hadjigeorgiou, P Sakka, Y Stern, N Scarmeas
In the present data, we provide the details of the cross-sectional study examining the associations between sleep quality/sleep duration and cognitive performance. Data are from the Hellenic Longitudinal Investigation of Aging and Diet (HELIAD). A total of 1484 older adults (65 y.o. or older) took part in the study. Sleep measurements were drawn from the sleep scale of the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS). Cognition was used as a z-score drawn by different tests. The domains examined were: executive function, visuo-spatial ability, language, attention- speed of processing, as well as the composite z-score of all the cognitive domains (including memory)...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931330/sequential-molecular-changes-and-dynamic-oxidative-stress-in-high-grade-serous-ovarian-carcinogenesis
#12
Hiroshi Kobayashi, Kenji Ogawa, Naoki Kawahara, Kana Iwai, Emiko Niiro, Sachiko Morioka, Yuki Yamada
The mechanism of high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) development remains elusive. This review outlines recent advances in the understanding of sequential molecular changes associated with the development of HGSC, as well as describes oxidative stress-induced genomic instability and carcinogenesis. This article reviews the English-language literature between 2005 and 2017. Clinicopathological features analysis provide a sequential progression of fallopian tubal epithelium to precursor lesions to type 2 HGSC...
September 21, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931202/different-sized-incisions-for-phacoemulsification-in-age-related-cataract
#13
REVIEW
Chongfei Jin, Xinyi Chen, Andrew Law, Yunhee Kang, Xue Wang, Wen Xu, Ke Yao
BACKGROUND: Age-related cataract is the principal cause of blindness and visual impairment in the world. Phacoemulsification is the main surgical procedure used to treat cataract. The comparative effectiveness and safety of different-sized incisions for phacoemulsification has not been determined. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness and safety of smaller versus larger incisions for phacoemulsification in age-related cataract...
September 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928776/analytical-methods-for-the-measurement-of-polymerization-kinetics-and-stresses-of-dental-resin-based-composites-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Mehrsima Ghavami-Lahiji, Tabassom Hooshmand
Resin-based composites are commonly used restorative materials in dentistry. Such tooth-colored restorations can adhere to the dental tissues. One drawback is that the polymerization shrinkage and induced stresses during the curing procedure is an inherent property of resin composite materials that might impair their performance. This review focuses on the significant developments of laboratory tools in the measurement of polymerization shrinkage and stresses of dental resin-based materials during polymerization...
July 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928193/the-course-and-prognostic-factors-of-cognitive-status-after-central-nervous-system-trauma-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Tatyana Mollayeva, Nicole Pacheco, Andrea D'Souza, Angela Colantonio
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is among the most disabling injuries, resulting in a range of cognitive impairments. Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) often occurs in conjunction with TBI; the two are best considered together in the context of trauma to the central nervous system (CNS). Despite strong indications of cognitive dysfunction in CNS trauma, little is known about its natural history or relationship with other factors. The current protocol outlines a strategy for a systematic review of the current evidence examining CNS trauma as a prognostic factor of cognitive decline in the adult population...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925580/nutrition-hygiene-and-stimulation-education-to-improve-growth-cognitive-language-and-motor-development-among-infants-in-uganda-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#16
Grace K M Muhoozi, Prudence Atukunda, Lien M Diep, Robert Mwadime, Archileo N Kaaya, Anne B Skaare, Tiril Willumsen, Ane C Westerberg, Per O Iversen
Stunting is associated with impaired cognitive and motor function. The effect of an education intervention including nutrition, stimulation, sanitation, and hygiene on child growth and cognitive/language/motor development, delivered to impoverished mothers in Uganda, was assessed. In a community-based, open cluster-randomized trial, 511 mother/children dyads aged 6-8 months were enrolled to an intervention (n = 263) or control (n = 248) group. The primary outcome was change in length-for-age z-score at age 20-24 months...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924328/grammatical-encoding-and-learning-in-agrammatic-aphasia-evidence-from-structural-priming
#17
Soojin Cho-Reyes, Jennifer E Mack, Cynthia K Thompson
The present study addressed open questions about the nature of sentence production deficits in agrammatic aphasia. In two structural priming experiments, 13 aphasic and 13 age-matched control speakers repeated visually- and auditorily-presented prime sentences, and then used visually-presented word arrays to produce dative sentences. Experiment 1 examined whether agrammatic speakers form structural and thematic representations during sentence production, whereas Experiment 2 tested the lasting effects of structural priming in lags of two and four sentences...
December 2016: Journal of Memory and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922545/neural-responses-to-linguistic-stimuli-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Kayla H Finch, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Charles A Nelson
Atypical neural responses to language have been found in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and in their unaffected siblings. However, given that language difficulties are often seen in these children, it is difficult to interpret whether these neural differences are a result of the diagnosis of ASD or impairments in their language abilities. In this current study, we recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) from four groups of 36-month-olds: low-risk control (LRC), high-risk for ASD defined as having an older sibling with ASD (HRA) but who do not have ASD or milder autism-like symptoms (HRA-Typ), HRA children who do not have ASD but exhibit milder autism-like symptoms (HRA-Atyp), and HRA children diagnosed with ASD (ASD)...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918757/relationship-between-cognitive-performance-and-measures-of-neurodegeneration-among-hispanic-and-white-non-hispanic-individuals-with-normal-cognition-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#19
Shanna L Burke, Miriam J Rodriguez, Warren Barker, Maria T Greig-Custo, Monica Rosselli, David A Loewenstein, Ranjan Duara
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the presence and severity of potential cultural and language bias in widely used cognitive and other assessment instruments, using structural MRI measures of neurodegeneration as biomarkers of disease stage and severity. METHODS: Hispanic (n=75) and White non-Hispanic (WNH) (n=90) subjects were classified as cognitively normal (CN), amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and mild dementia. Performance on the culture-fair and educationally fair Fuld Object Memory Evaluation (FOME) and Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (CDR) between Hispanics and WNHs was equivalent, in each diagnostic group...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917203/cognitive-behavioral-correlates-of-proxy-reports-on-cognitive-capabilities-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#20
Christoph Helmstaedter, Renata Vaz Pandolfo, Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt
PURPOSE: To validate the Cognitive Problems in Children and Adolescents Questionnaire (KOPKIJ, German: Kognitive Probleme bei Kindern und Jugendlichen), a proxy report measure for recognizing cognitive problems in pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Anonymized data sets from 279 pediatric epilepsy patients were standardized in regard to the KOPKIJ results of 352 healthy children and adolescents. The KOPKIJ was related to objective routine neuropsychological assessment (NPY), and to two subjective measures, the Child Behavior Checklist questionnaire (CBCL), a proxy rating by the parents, and a questionnaire for self-perceived health-related quality of life in children and adolescents (KINDL)...
September 6, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
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