keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Regional nerve blocks

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#1
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327341/combined-thoracic-paravertebral-and-pectoral-nerve-blocks-for-breast-surgery-under-sedation-a-prospective-observational-case-series
#2
A Pawa, J Wight, D N Onwochei, R Vargulescu, I Reed, L Chrisman, E Pushpanathan, A Kothari, K El-Boghdadly
Avoidance of general anaesthesia for breast surgery may be because of clinical reasons or patient choice. There is emerging evidence that the use of regional anaesthesia and the avoidance of volatile anaesthetics and opioid analgesia may have beneficial effects on oncological outcomes. We conducted a prospective observational case series of 16 breast cancer surgeries performed under thoracic paravertebral plus pectoral nerve block with propofol sedation to demonstrate feasibility of technique, patient acceptability and surgeon satisfaction...
January 12, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319604/the-european-society-of-regional-anaesthesia-and-pain-therapy-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-recommendations-on-local-anesthetics-and-adjuvants-dosage-in-pediatric-regional-anesthesia
#3
Santhanam Suresh, Claude Ecoffey, Adrian Bosenberg, Per-Anne Lonnqvist, Gildasio S de Oliveira, Oscar de Leon Casasola, José de Andrés, Giorgio Ivani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dosage of local anesthetics (LAs) used for regional anesthesia in children is not well determined. In order to evaluate and come to a consensus regarding some of these controversial topics, The European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy (ESRA) and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) developed a Joint Committee Practice Advisory on Local Anesthetics and Adjuvants Dosage in Pediatric Regional Anesthesia. METHODS: Representatives from both ASRA and ESRA composed the joint committee practice advisory...
January 9, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318091/nerve-blocks-in-the-geriatric-patient-with-hip-fracture-a-review-of-the-current-literature-and-relevant-neuroanatomy
#4
REVIEW
Nirav H Amin, Jacob A West, Travis Farmer, Hrayr G Basmajian
Introduction: Hip fracture is a common occurrence in the elderly population with high morbidity and mortality due to postoperative pain and opioid use. The goal of this article is to review the current literature on the neuroanatomy of the hip and the use of localized nerve block in controlling hip fracture pain. Methods: A thorough search of MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was conducted using the search terms "hip fracture" and "fascia iliaca block (FICB)...
December 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315474/regional-anesthesia-decreases-complications-and-resource-utilization-in-shoulder-arthroplasty-patients
#5
M D Herrick, H Liu, M Davis, J-E Bell, B D Sites
BACKGROUND: Regional anesthesia can be used as part of the anesthetic to optimize anesthesia and analgesia during shoulder arthroplasty, but little is known about the overall effect that regional anesthesia has on perioperative outcomes and resource utilization. We hypothesized that regional anesthesia may decrease complication rates and resource utilization in shoulder arthroplasty patients. METHODS: We examined administrative data from 588 US hospitals from 2010 to 2015...
January 7, 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295799/profound-prolonged-bradycardia-and-hypotension-after-interscalene-brachial-plexus-block-with-bupivacaine
#6
Mathew Nelson, Alexandra Reens, Lara Reda, David Lee
BACKGROUND: Interscalene brachial plexus blocks have been a routinely performed method of anesthesia for shoulder surgery that decreases the need for general anesthesia, length of stay, and recovery time. We describe a case of bupivacaine toxicity after an interscalene block. CASE REPORT: The patient was a 66-year-old man who presented to our Emergency Department by emergency medical services from an ambulatory surgery center where he had undergone rotator cuff surgery, with bradycardia and hypotension...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284869/postoperative-ultrasound-guided-continuous-femoral-nerve-blockade-for-unilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-comparison-of-0-125-bupivacaine-and-0-2-ropivacaine
#7
Sruthi C Babu, Gokuldas Menon, Bindu K Vasu, Mathew George, Jai Thilak, Sundaram Iyer
Context: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with severe postoperative pain which increases morbidity and mortality. Aims: The aim of the study was to compare the analgesic efficacy and motor blockade of continuous infusion of 0.125% bupivacaine and 0.2% ropivacaine in femoral nerve block following unilateral TKA and to assess the effectiveness of femoral nerve block. Settings and Design: One hundred and fifty patients undergoing unilateral total knee replacement surgery were included in this prospective observational comparative study...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284860/effect-of-locally-administered-dexmedetomidine-as-adjuvant-to-levobupivacaine-in-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-double-blind-controlled-study
#8
Bikash Bisui, Swastika Samanta, Sumanta Ghoshmaulik, Amit Banerjee, Tirtha R Ghosh, Suman Sarkar
Context: Brachial plexus block is effective with good postoperative analgesia in upper limb surgery has gained importance as it safe, low cost, and maintains stable hemodynamics intraoperatively. To decrease the onset time and prolong the duration of nerve block bicarbonate, opioids (morphine, fentanyl, etc.), sympathomimetic agents (epinephrine, phenylephrine, etc.), α-2 agonists (clonidine and dexmedetomidine), calcium channel blocker (verapamil), magnesium sulfate, etc., were studied with local anesthetics and their isomers...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284845/comparison-of-efficacy-of-oral-versus-regional-clonidine-for-postoperative-analgesia-following-ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric-block-in-children-a-prospective-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-study
#9
Arijit Sardar, Ganga Prasad, Mahesh Kumar Arora, Lokesh Kashyap
Background: Clonidine improves quality and prolongs the duration of analgesia in ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve block when given along with local anesthetic and as well as premedication. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of oral and regional clonidine for postoperative analgesia in pediatric population after ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric block. Materials and Methods: Sixty children aged between 1 and 8 years scheduled for elective hernia surgery were randomly allocated to three groups...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280923/local-anesthetic-systemic-toxicity-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-incidence-and-risk-factors-in-the-united-states-from-the-national-inpatient-sample-1998-2013
#10
Daniel S Rubin, Monica M Matsumoto, Guy Weinberg, Steven Roth
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) is a rare and potentially devastating complication of regional anesthesia. Single-institution registries have reported a decreasing incidence, but these results have limited broad applicability. A recent study using a US database found a relatively high incidence of LAST. We used the National Inpatient Sample, a US database of inpatient admissions, to identify the national incidence and associated risk factors for LAST in total joint arthroplasties...
December 26, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278605/erector-spinae-plane-block-for-surgery-of-the-posterior-thoracic-wall-in-a-pediatric-patient
#11
Maria Alejandra Hernandez, Lucio Palazzi, Julio Lapalma, Mauricio Forero, Ki Jinn Chin
OBJECTIVE: Historically, regional anesthesia for surgery on the posterior thoracic wall has been limited to neuraxial and paravertebral nerve blocks. The erector spinae plane (ESP) block is a novel technique that anesthetizes the dorsal rami of the spinal nerves innervating the posterior thoracic wall. We report the use of the ESP block for this clinical application in a pediatric patient. CASE REPORT: A healthy 3-year-old girl was scheduled for resection of a giant paraspinal lipoma extending over the T4-T7 dermatomes...
December 22, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278266/regional-nerve-blockade-for-early-analgesic-management-of-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture-a-narrative-review
#12
REVIEW
A Scurrah, C T Shiner, J A Stevens, S G Faux
Elderly patients with hip fracture experience high morbidity and mortality, and are often undertreated for pain. Acute pain management in the elderly is challenging, with physiological frailty, medical comorbidities and cognitive impairment commonly compounding pain assessment and treatment. Guidelines outlining current best practice for acute pain management in the elderly now exist, but evidence suggests that practice remains variable and there continues to be scope for improvement. We conducted a narrative review of the literature to examine the challenges of acute pain management in the elderly, and to evaluate evidence for the role of regional nerve blocks for acute pain associated with hip fracture in the elderly...
December 26, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249547/current-pain-prescribing-habits-for-common-shoulder-operations-a-survey-of-the-american-shoulder-and-elbow-surgeons-membership
#13
K Linnea Welton, Matthew J Kraeutler, Eric C McCarty, Armando F Vidal, Jonathan T Bravman
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic surgeons are among the highest prescribers of narcotic pills, and no guidelines currently exist for appropriate management of postoperative pain within this field. The purpose of this study was to gain understanding of the current pain management strategies used perioperatively and postoperatively among orthopedic shoulder surgeons. METHODS: Members of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons were e-mailed an online survey regarding methods for managing pain in the perioperative and postoperative setting for total shoulder arthroplasty, labral and capsular stabilization procedures, and rotator cuff repair...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226148/transition-from-deep-regional-blocks-toward-deep-nerve-hydrodissection-in-the-upper-body-and-torso-method-description-and-results-from-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-the-analgesic-effect-of-5-dextrose-water-as-the-primary-hydrodissection-injectate-to-enhance
#14
Stanley K H Lam, Kenneth Dean Reeves, An-Lin Cheng
Deep nerve hydrodissection uses fluid injection under pressure to purposely separate nerves from areas of suspected fascial compression, which are increasingly viewed as potential perpetuating factors in recalcitrant neuropathic pain/complex regional pain. The usage of 5% dextrose water (D5W) as a primary injectate for hydrodissection, with or without low dose anesthetic, could limit anesthetic-related toxicity. An analgesic effect of 5% dextrose water (D5W) upon perineural injection in patients with chronic neuropathic pain has recently been described...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222672/morphological-alterations-in-the-position-of-the-mandibular-foramen-in-dentate-and-edentate-mandibles
#15
Niki Matveeva, Lidija Popovska, Biljana Evrosimovska, Elizabeta Chadikovska, Julijana Nikolovska
The technique of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) block must be based on precise anatomical knowledge regarding the correct position of the mandibular foramen (MF). The aim of the investigation reported here was to determine the anatomic and topographic localization of the MF according to mandibular ramus anatomic landmarks and to identify morphological alterations in the position of the MF and size and shape of the ramus in terms of the impact of tooth socket loss in the molar and premolar region. Seventy-three dry human adult mandibles were divided into two groups according to dental status...
December 8, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220373/can-nerve-regeneration-on-an-artificial-nerve-conduit-be-enhanced-by-ethanol-induced-cervical-sympathetic-ganglion-block
#16
Yoshiki Shionoya, Katsuhisa Sunada, Keiji Shigeno, Akira Nakada, Michitaka Honda, Tatsuo Nakamura
This study aimed to determine whether nerve regeneration by means of an artificial nerve conduit is promoted by ethanol-induced cervical sympathetic ganglion block (CSGB) in a canine model. This study involved two experiments-in part I, the authors examined the effect of CSGB by ethanol injection on long-term blood flow to the orofacial region; part II involved evaluation of the effect of CSGB by ethanol injection on inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) repair using polyglycolic acid-collagen tubes. In part I, seven Beagles were administered left CSGB by injection of 99...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217448/perioperative-outcomes-after-regional-versus-general-anesthesia-for-above-the-knee-amputations
#17
Andrew J B Pisansky, Ethan Y Brovman, Christine Kuo, Alan D Kaye, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Nontraumatic lower extremity amputation (LEA) remains a common procedure among patients who frequently have significant comorbidities. Patients undergoing above knee amputation (AKA) have the highest rates of mortality in this cohort, yet there is little evidence to support selection between peripheral nerve block or neuraxial regional anesthesia (RA) versus general anesthesia (GA) techniques. The objective of this study was to determine whether RA (neuraxial or peripheral nerve block) techniques were associated with more favorable outcomes versus general anesthesia among patients undergoing AKA...
December 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214081/a-rare-complication-of-a-tap-block-performed-after-caesarean-delivery
#18
Osman Nawazish Salaria, Murlikrishna Kannan, Bryan Kerner, Howard Goldman
The transversus abdominis plane block is a regional anesthesia technique that has become popular. Being a relatively simple procedure, the TAP block has an excellent safety profile and major complications are rare. We present a case of transient femoral nerve palsy occurring after a TAP block with involvement of the sacral plexus for a patient who had undergone a caesarean section.
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209071/inhaled-nicotine-equivalent-to-cigarette-smoking-disrupts-systemic-and-uterine-hemodynamics-and-induces-cardiac-arrhythmia-in-pregnant-rats
#19
Xuesi M Shao, Héctor E López-Valdés, Jing Liang, Jack L Feldman
Maternal smoking with obligatory nicotine inhalation is associated with preterm delivery, low birth weight, fetal growth retardation and developmental defects. We tested the hypothesis that cigarette smoking-relevant nicotine inhalation during pregnancy impairs cardiovascular function and uterine hemodynamics with consequential fetal ischemia. Pregnant rats exposed to episodic inhaled nicotine via a novel lung alveolar region-targeted aerosol method produced nicotine pharmacokinetics resembling cigarette smoking in humans...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200071/evidence-basis-for-regional-anesthesia-in-ambulatory-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-part-iii-local-instillation-analgesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Eric M Yung, Richard Brull, Eric Albrecht, Girish P Joshi, Faraj W Abdallah
BACKGROUND: Local infiltration analgesia offers effective postoperative analgesia after knee arthroplasty, but the role of its counterpart, local instillation analgesia (LIA), in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the analgesic benefits of LIA for outpatient ACLR. METHODS: We sought randomized controlled trials investigating the analgesic effects of LIA versus control in adults having outpatient ACLR and receiving multimodal analgesia (excluding nerve blocks, which are examined in parts I and II of this project)...
November 30, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
keyword
keyword
103664
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"