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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944886/sulforaphane-induces-p53%C3%A2-deficient-sw480-cell-apoptosis-via-the-ros%C3%A2-mapk-signaling-pathway
#1
Hai Lan, Hongyin Yuan, Congyao Lin
Sulforaphane (SFN) has been revealed to inhibit the growth and induce apoptosis of cancer cells. However, the detailed anticancer effects of SFN on p53‑deficient colon cancer cells has yet to be clearly elucidated. The present study employed p53‑deficient SW480 cells to establish an SFN‑induced in vitro model of apoptosis. The critical events leading to apoptosis were then evaluated in SFN‑treated p53‑deficient SW480 cells, by performing an MTT assay, flow cytometry, western blotting and ELISA. The results demonstrated that SFN at concentrations of 5, 10, 15 and 20 µM induced mitochondria‑associated cell apoptosis, which was further confirmed by disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential, an increase in the Bax/Bcl‑2 ratio, as well as activation of caspase‑3, ‑7 and ‑9...
September 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944826/macc%C3%A2-1-antibody-target-therapy-suppresses-growth-and-migration-of-non%C3%A2-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Woda Shi, Jianxiang Song, Wencai Wang, Yajun Zhang, Shiying Zheng
Non‑small‑cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for ~80% of human lung cancers that result in mortalities worldwide. Metastasis‑associated in colon cancer‑1 (MACC‑1) has been demonstrated to be significantly expressed in cases of NSCLC and promotes tumor cell migration and metastasis through transactivation of the metastasis‑inducing hepatocyte growth factor/MET proto‑gene, receptor tyrosine kinase (HGF/MET) signaling pathway. The present study constructed a chimeric antibody (Chanti‑MACC‑1) targeting MACC‑1 and investigated its potential as a molecular therapeutic target in the treatment of NSCLC therapy...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944067/intestinal-microbiota-is-altered-in-patients-with-colon-cancer-and-modified-by-probiotic-intervention
#3
Ashley A Hibberd, Anna Lyra, Arthur C Ouwehand, Peter Rolny, Helena Lindegren, Lennart Cedgård, Yvonne Wettergren
OBJECTIVE: The colonic microbiota is altered in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). We investigated the microbiota composition of patients with colon cancer compared with controls devoid of neoplastic or inflammatory disease and the potential to modify the colonic microbiota with probiotics. DESIGN: Biopsy samples were obtained from the normal mucosa and tumour during colonoscopy from 15 patients with colon cancer. Subsequent patient-matched samples were taken at surgery from the tumour and nearby mucosa from the patients with cancer, eight of whom had received two daily tablets totalling 1...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943944/andrographolide-suppresses-proliferation-of-human-colon-cancer-sw620-cells-through-the-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mmp-9-signaling-pathway
#4
Rui Zhang, Jian Zhao, Jian Xu, De-Xin Jiao, Jian Wang, Zhi-Qiang Gong, Jian-Hui Jia
Modern pharmacological research has revealed that andrographolide has various functions, including anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-viral effects, immunoregulation, treating cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and prevention and treatment of alcoholic liver injury. The present study investigated whether andrographolide suppresses the proliferation of human colon cancer cell through the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor (NF)-κB/matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) signaling pathway...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943898/metastasis-associated-in-colon-cancer-1-a-promising-biomarker-for-the-metastasis-and-prognosis-of-colorectal-cancer
#5
He Li, Yi-Xin Chen, Jia-Gen Wen, Hong-Hao Zhou
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most frequent type of malignancy in the world. Metastasis accounts for >90% mortalities in patients with CRC. The metastasis-associated in colon cancer 1 (MACC1) gene has been identified as a novel biomarker for the prediction of metastasis and disease prognosis, particularly for patients with early-stage disease. Previous clinical studies demonstrated that MACC1 expression and polymorphisms in CRC tissues were indicators of metastasis, and that circulating transcripts in plasma were also significantly associated with the survival of patients...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943452/long-non-coding-rna-hnf1a-as1-mediated-repression-of-mir-34a-sirt1-p53-feedback-loop-promotes-the-metastatic-progression-of-colon-cancer-by-functioning-as-a-competing-endogenous-rna
#6
Changyi Fang, Shenglong Qiu, Feng Sun, Wei Li, Ziqi Wang, Ben Yue, Xuesong Wu, Dongwang Yan
In recent years, accumulating evidence indicates that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as powerful influence factors in the progression of multiple malignancies. Dysregulation of lncRNA HNF1A-antisense 1 (HNF1A-AS1) has been reported in many types of human cancers, and studies on HNF1A-AS1 function in cancers revealed that HNF1A-AS1could act as either oncogene or tumor suppressor. Nevertheless, the functional involvement of HNF1A-AS1 in colon cancer remains unknown. In this study, we reported that HNF1A-AS1 was frequently upregulated in colon cancer tissues and associated with poor prognosis...
September 21, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943327/a-two-component-system-regulates-bacteroides-fragilis-toxin-to-maintain-intestinal-homeostasis-and-prevent-lethal-disease
#7
Aaron L Hecht, Benjamin W Casterline, Vivian M Choi, Juliane Bubeck Wardenburg
Intestinal microbes are recognized for their role in human disease. Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) has been implicated in inflammatory bowel disease and colorectal cancer; however, colonization alone is insufficient to cause these illnesses. We hypothesized that homeostasis in healthy carriers is maintained by colonic mucus, the major constituent of which is the glycoprotein Muc2. We found that Muc2-deficient mice succumb to lethal disease from ETBF colonization in a B. fragilis toxin (BFT)-dependent manner...
September 13, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943204/considerations-for-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery
#8
Michael P Veve, Susan L Davis, Amy M Williams, John E McKinnon, Tamer A Ghanem
Peri/post-operative antibiotic prophylaxis (POABP) has become standard practice for preventing surgical site infections (SSI) in head and neck cancer patients undergoing microvascular reconstruction, but few data exist on optimal POABP regimens. Current surgical prophylaxis guideline recommendations fail to account for the complexity of microvascular reconstruction relative to other head and neck procedures, specifically regarding wound classification and antibiotic duration. Selection of POABP spectrum is also controversial, and must balance the choice between too narrow, risking subsequent infection, or too broad, and possible unwanted effects (e...
September 21, 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942682/near-infrared-light-mediated-photochemotherapy-for-efficiently-treating-deep-orthotopic-tumors-guided-by-ultrasound-imaging
#9
Zuhua Wang, Shaoyan Xuan, Wenqi Qiu, Jiang Zhu, Xiaomeng Guo, Wei Li, Hanbo Zhang, Xiuliang Zhu, Yong-Zhong Du, Jian You
Recently, Combined cancer photothermal-chemotherapy has become a highly promising strategy in cancer treatment for its enhanced therapeutic efficacy, controlled drug release and reduced systemic toxicity. Almost all the reported strategies based on photothermal-chemotherapy have only focused on the treatment of superficial or subcutaneous cancer, which are not considered as a more clinically relevant and better predictive models of drug efficacy than orthotopic tumor models. Here, we reported an EphB4 receptor-targeting polymeric nanoplatform containing hollow gold nanospheres (HAuNS) and the anticancer drug paclitaxel (PTX) for cancer photothermal-chemotherapy...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942236/increased-incidence-of-bowel-cancer-after-non-surgical-treatment-of-appendicitis
#10
Malin Enblad, Helgi Birgisson, Anders Ekbom, Fredrik Sandin, Wilhelm Graf
BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing debate on the use of antibiotics instead of appendectomy for treating appendicitis but diagnostic difficulties and longstanding inflammation might lead to increased incidence of bowel cancer in these patients. The aim of this population-based study was to investigate the incidence of bowel cancer after non-surgical treatment of appendicitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with appendicitis but lacking the surgical procedure code for appendix removal were retrieved from the Swedish National Inpatient Register 1987-2013...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940826/trichostatin-a-preferentially-reverses-the-upregulation-of-gene-expression-levels-induced-by-gain-of-chromosome-7-in-colorectal-cancer-cell-lines
#11
Floryne O Buishand, Eric Cardin, Yue Hu, Thomas Ried
Epithelial cancers are defined by a tumor-specific distribution of chromosomal aneuploidies that are maintained when cells metastasize and are conserved in cell lines derived from primary tumors. Correlations between genomic copy number and gene expression have been observed for different tumors including, colorectal (CRC), breast and pancreatic cancer. These ploidy-driven transcriptional deregulations are characterized by low-level expression changes of most genes on the affected chromosomes. The emergence of these aberrations at an early stage of tumorigenesis and the strong selection for the maintenance of these aneuploidies suggests that aneuploidy-dependent transcriptional deregulations might contribute to cellular transformation and maintenance of the malignant phenotype...
September 23, 2017: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940736/pressure-responsive-nanogel-base-on-alginate-cyclodextrin-with-enhanced-apoptosis-mechanism-for-colon-cancer-delivery
#12
Tolou Hosseinifar, Simin Sheybani, Majid Abdouss, Seyad Alireza Hassani Najafabadi, Mehdi Shafie Ardestani
5-folourouracil (5-Fu) commonly use in the treatment of different kinds of cancer, but limited cellular uptake and death is still a problem. Herein, we report a simple process for the synthesis of pressure-sensitive nanogels that indicate to be appropriate in the delivery of 5-Fu. The hydrogels (Al-CD) prepare by crosslinking of alginate (Al) with modified beta Cyclodextrin (β-CD) as Crosslinker. Next, nanoparticles obtaine by an emulsification method. 5-Fu as model drug loades into the Al-CD nanogels easily by mixing it in aqueous solution with the nanoparticles...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940664/a-novel-histological-examination-with-dynamic-3d-reconstruction-from-multiple-immunohistochemically-stained-sections-of-a-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-positive-colon-cancer
#13
Shotaro Korehisa, Tetsuo Ikeda, Shinji Okano, Hiroshi Saeki, Eiji Oki, Yoshinao Oda, Makoto Hashizume, Yoshihiko Maehara
AIMS: Programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression is observed in patients with high level microsatellite instability (MSI-H) colon cancer, which is susceptible to immune checkpoint blockade. The aim of this study was to investigate the interrelationship between PD-L1-positive cells and cytotoxic T cells, lymphatic vessels, and vascular endothelium using histological examination with the three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of a PD-L1-positive colon cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serial sections of MSI-H colon cancer tissue were stained with haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson trichrome stains; PD-L1, CD8, D2-40, and CD31 immunohistochemistry were performed...
September 21, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940307/frequent-braf-mutations-suggest-a-novel-oncogenic-driver-in-colonic-neuroendocrine-carcinoma
#14
Kamran Idrees, Chandrasekhar Padmanabhan, Eric Liu, Yan Guo, Raul S Gonzalez, Jordan Berlin, Kimberly B Dahlman, R Daniel Beauchamp, Chanjuan Shi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization (WHO) 2010 has classified GI neuroendocrine neoplasms into neuroendocrine tumor (NET) and high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). The genetic underpinnings of NEC are poorly understood. The aim of the study was to perform genomic profiling of NEC to better characterize this aggressive disease. METHODS: We identified nine patients with colonic NEC between January 1, 2005 and June 30, 2013. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed on tumor DNA from two patients with ≥80% tumor cellularity and matched normal tissue available...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940253/pbrm1-restricts-the-basal-activity-of-innate-immune-system-through-repressing-rig-i-like-receptor-signaling-and-is-a-potential-prognostic-biomarker-for-colon-cancer
#15
Xing-Sheng Shu, Yingying Zhao, Yanmei Sun, Lan Zhong, Yingduan Cheng, Yixiang Zhang, Kaile Ning, Qian Tao, Yejun Wang, Ying Ying
It has long been known that patients suffering from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). The innate immune system of host cells provides a first-line defence against pathogenic infection, whereas uncontrolled inflammatory response under homeostatic conditions usually leads to pathological consequences, as exemplified by the chronic inflammation of IBD. The key molecules and pathways keeping innate immunity in check are still poorly defined. Here, we report that chromatin remodeler polybromo-1 (PBRM1) is a repressor of innate immune signaling mediated by RIG-I-like receptors (RLRs)...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940209/chronic-psychological-stress-promotes-lung-metastatic-colonization-of-circulating-breast-cancer-cells-by-decorating-a-pre-metastatic-niche-through-activating-%C3%AE-adrenergic-signaling
#16
Hongyu Chen, Dan Liu, Liang Guo, Xiang Cheng, Ning Guo, Ming Shi
Numerous studies have indicated that primary tumors induce formation of a pre-metastatic niche in distant organs by secreting tumor-derived factors. The present study shows that pre-exposure to chronic stress enhanced lung colonization efficiency by circulating tumor cells, suggesting that chronic stress critically influences pre-metastatic lungs before arrival of disseminated tumor cells. Ablation of the sympathetic nerve function by 6-OHDA or blockage of the β-adrenergic signaling by propranolol remarkably suppressed stress-induced lung metastasis...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939678/r-spondin1-lgr5-activates-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-and-suppresses-colon-cancer-metastasis
#17
Xiaolin Zhou, Liying Geng, Degeng Wang, Haowei Yi, Geoffrey Talmon, Jing Wang
Leucine rich repeat containing G protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5), an intestinal stem cell marker is known to exhibit tumor suppressor activity in colon cancer, the mechanism of which is not understood. Here we show that R-spondin 1 (RSPO1)/LGR5 directly activates TGFβ signaling cooperatively with TGFβ type II receptor in colon cancer cells, enhancing TGFβ-mediated growth inhibition and stress-induced apoptosis. Knockdown of LGR5 attenuated downstream TGFβ signaling and increased cell proliferation, survival, and metastasis in an orthotopic model of colon cancer in vivo...
September 22, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939585/mediating-effect-of-postsurgical-chemotherapy-on-presence-of-dementia-and-survival-among-patients-65-and-older-with-stage-iii-colon-cancer
#18
Yingjia Chen, Rosemary D Cress, Susan L Stewart, Thomas J Semrad, Danielle Harvey, Daniel J Tencredi, Laurel Beckett
Introduction: Both colon cancer and dementia are prevalent among the elderly and have a high risk of cooccurrence. Previous studies found that patients with dementia were treated less aggressively. In this study, we hypothesized that presence of preexisting dementia was associated with worse survival for stage III colon cancer patients, and that postoperative chemotherapy was on the causal pathway.Methods: We defined preexisting dementia in Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Medicare data through either a formal diagnosis or a prescription for dementia drugs or both before the diagnosis of cancer...
September 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938919/mir-19b-3p-promotes-colon-cancer-proliferation-and-oxaliplatin-based-chemoresistance-by-targeting-smad4-validation-by-bioinformatics-and-experimental-analyses
#19
Tao Jiang, Ling Ye, Zhongbo Han, Yuan Liu, Yinxue Yang, Zhihai Peng, Junwei Fan
BACKGROUND: As a disease with extremely complex molecular mechanisms, many deregulated miRNAs have been identified in colon cancer. Few studies have been performed by using Ingenuity Pathways Analysis (IPA) to predict miRNAs specifically expressed in colon cancer. METHODS: A characteristic microRNA-target network of colon cancer was explored using IPA. Then the clinical significance of miR-19b-3p was evaluated in 211 colon cancer patients. The roles of miR-19b-3p and its candidate target gene, SMAD4, in colon cancer progression were examined both in vitro and in vivo...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938688/drag-reducing-polymers-decrease-hepatic-injury-and-metastases-after-liver-ischemia-reperfusion
#20
Samer Tohme, Marina V Kameneva, Hamza O Yazdani, Vikas Sud, Julie Goswami, Patricia Loughran, Hai Huang, Richard L Simmons, Allan Tsung
INTRODUCTION: Surgery, a crucial therapeutic modality in the treatment of solid tumors, can induce sterile inflammatory processes which can result in metastatic progression. Liver ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury, an inevitable consequence of hepatic resection of metastases, has been shown to foster hepatic capture of circulating cancer cells and accelerate metastatic growth. Efforts to reduce these negative consequences have not been thoroughly investigated. Drag reducing polymers (DRPs) are blood-soluble macromolecules that can, in nanomolar concentrations, increase tissue perfusion, decrease vascular resistance and decrease near-wall microvascular concentration of neutrophils and platelets thereby possibly reducing the inflammatory microenvironment...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
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