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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318693/the-influence-of-dual-substrate-layer-extensive-green-roofs-on-rainwater-runoff-quantity-and-quality
#1
Xiaoou Wang, Yimei Tian, Xinhua Zhao
This study investigates the ability of dual-substrate-layer extensive green roofs to retain rainwater and reduce pollutant leaching. The substrates in dual-substrate-layer green roofs consist of an upper organic nutrition layer for plant growth and a lower inorganic adsorption layer for water retention and pollutant reduction. One traditional single-substrate-layer extensive green roof was built for comparison with dual-substrate-layer green roofs. During the experimental period, dual-substrate-layer green roofs supported better natural vegetation growth, with coverage exceeding 90%, while the coverage in single-substrate-layer green roof was over 80%...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298690/quality-attributes-phytochemical-profile-and-storage-stability-studies-of-functional-ready-to-serve-rts-drink-made-from-blend-of-aloe-vera-sweet-lime-amla-and-ginger
#2
Lokesh K Mishra, Danme Sangma
Aloe vera based RTS formulation was prepared in this study which provides the health benefits of this wonder plant and was also appealing in terms of sensory qualities. In the present study four formulations of A. vera RTS drink with ginger, sweet lime and amla (V1, V2, V3 and V4 were developed). The developed products were subjected to physico-chemical, organoleptic and microbial analysis. The formulation V3 was found to be the most preferred variant with respect to the sensory quality. Further the blends were found to be a good source of vitamin C and other nutritional parameters...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#3
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294966/trends-in-determinants-of-hypercholesterolemia-among-chinese-adults-between-2002-and-2012-results-from-thenational-nutrition-survey
#4
Peng-Kun Song, Hong Li, Qing-Qing Man, Shan-Shan Jia, Li-Xiang Li, Jian Zhang
Hypercholesterolemia is a known risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and affects a high proportion of the population. This study aimed to assess and compare the determinants of hypercholesterolemia among Chinese adults aged 18 years and above, from 2002 to 2012. The study used a stratified multistage cluster sampling method to select participants. Sociodemographic and lifestyle information was collected during face-to-face interviews. Dietary intake was calculated by 3-day, 24-h dietary records in combination with weighted edible oil and condiments...
March 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286649/protein-hydrolysates-in-animal-nutrition-industrial-production-bioactive-peptides-and-functional-significance
#5
REVIEW
Yongqing Hou, Zhenlong Wu, Zhaolai Dai, Genhu Wang, Guoyao Wu
Recent years have witnessed growing interest in the role of peptides in animal nutrition. Chemical, enzymatic, or microbial hydrolysis of proteins in animal by-products or plant-source feedstuffs before feeding is an attractive means of generating high-quality small or large peptides that have both nutritional and physiological or regulatory functions in livestock, poultry and fish. These peptides may also be formed from ingested proteins in the gastrointestinal tract, but the types of resultant peptides can vary greatly with the physiological conditions of the animals and the composition of the diets...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285661/colonization-and-beneficial-effects-on-annual-ryegrass-by-mixed-inoculation-with-plant-growth-promoting-bacteria
#6
Nádia L Castanheira, Ana Catarina Dourado, Isabel Pais, José Semedo, Paula Scotti-Campos, Nuno Borges, Gilda Carvalho, Maria Teresa Barreto Crespo, Paula Fareleira
Multi-strain inoculants have increased potential to accomplish a diversity of plant needs, mainly attributed to its multi-functionality. This work evaluated the ability of a mixture of three bacteria to colonize and induce a beneficial response on the pasture crop annual ryegrass. Pseudomonas G1Dc10 and Paenibacillus G3Ac9 were previously isolated from annual ryegrass and were selected for their ability to perform multiple functions related to plant growth promotion. Sphingomonas azotifigens DSMZ 18530(T) was included due to nitrogen fixing ability...
May 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282950/development%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-gene-based%C3%A2-ssr%C3%A2-markers%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-winged%C3%A2-bean%C3%A2-psophocarpus%C3%A2-tetragonolobus%C3%A2-l-%C3%A2-dc-%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-diversity%C3%A2-assessment
#7
Quin Nee Wong, Alberto Stefano Tanzi, Wai Kuan Ho, Sunir Malla, Martin Blythe, Asha Karunaratne, Festo Massawe, Sean Mayes
Winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) is an herbaceous multipurpose legume grown in hot and humid countries as a pulse, vegetable (leaves and pods), or root tuber crop depending on local consumption preferences. In addition to its different nutrient-rich edible parts which could contribute to food and nutritional security, it is an efficient nitrogen fixer as a component of sustainable agricultural systems. Generating genetic resources and improved lines would help to accelerate the breeding improvement of this crop, as the lack of improved cultivars adapted to specific environments has been one of the limitations preventing wider use...
March 9, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281179/dietary-patterns-among-overweight-and-obese-african-american-women-living-in-the-rural-south
#8
Samara Sterling, Suzanne Judd, Brenda Bertrand, Tiffany L Carson, Paula Chandler-Laney, Monica L Baskin
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and chronic diseases disproportionately affect African-American women in the rural South (US) and may be influenced by adherence to a typical Southern-style diet. There is a need to examine dietary patterns of this population and to determine if consumption of nutritionally rich foods like nuts is associated with consumption of other nutritious foods. The objectives of this study were to identify (1) dietary patterns of overweight/obese African-American women in the rural South; (2) the role that nuts play in the diet; (3) and adherence to federal food group recommendations across dietary patterns...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275380/genetic-transformation-and-genomic-resources-for-next-generation-precise-genome-engineering-in-vegetable-crops
#9
REVIEW
Teodoro Cardi, Nunzio D'Agostino, Pasquale Tripodi
In the frame of modern agriculture facing the predicted increase of population and general environmental changes, the securement of high quality food remains a major challenge to deal with. Vegetable crops include a large number of species, characterized by multiple geographical origins, large genetic variability and diverse reproductive features. Due to their nutritional value, they have an important place in human diet. In recent years, many crop genomes have been sequenced permitting the identification of genes and superior alleles associated with desirable traits...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272908/metabolomics-assisted-biotechnological-interventions-for-developing-plant-based-functional-foods-and-nutraceuticals
#10
Arun Kumar, Kareem A Mosa, Liyao Ji, Udaykumar Kage, Dhananjay Dhokane, Shailesh Karre, Deepa Madalageri, Neemisha Pathania
Today, the dramatic changes in types of food consumed have led to an increased burden of chronic diseases. Therefore, the emphasis of food research is not only to ensure quality food that can supply adequate nutrients to prevent nutrition related diseases, but also to ensure overall physical and mental-health. This has led to the concept of functional foods and nutraceuticals (FFNs), which can be ideally produced and delivered through plants. Metabolomics can help in getting the most relevant functional information, and thus has been considered the greatest -OMICS technology to date...
March 8, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262685/comparison-of-different-critical-nitrogen-dilution-curves-for-nitrogen-diagnosis-in-rice
#11
Syed Tahir Ata-Ul-Karim, Yan Zhu, Xiaojun Liu, Qiang Cao, Yongchao Tian, Weixing Cao
The critical nitrogen (N) dilution curve is a suitable analytical tool for in-season estimation of N status to implement precision N management. This study was undertaken for a comprehensive comparison of N dilution curves in Japonica and Indica rice to investigate, whether a single curve can be used for both rice ecotypes and to determine the most robust plant index for assessing N status in rice ecotypes. The different N dilution curves were developed based on plant dry matter (PDM), leaf area index (LAI), leaf dry matter (LDM) and stem dry matter (SDM) for N diagnosis in Japonica and Indica rice...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261096/antioxidant-activities-metabolic-profiling-proximate-analysis-mineral-nutrient-composition-of-salvadora-persica-fruit-unravel-a-potential-functional-food-and-a-natural-source-of-pharmaceuticals
#12
Asha Kumari, Asish K Parida, Jaykumar Rangani, Ashok Panda
Salvadora persica is a medicinally important plant mainly used in oral hygiene. However, little attention has been given towards the nutritional prominence of this plant. This study encloses the proximate and mineral nutrient contents, amino acid composition, metabolite profiling and antioxidant potential of S. persica fruit. The ripen fruit contained substantial amount of sugars, mineral nutrients, carotenoids, polyphenols and flavonoids. The metabolic profiling of the fruit extract by GC-MS revealed a total of 22 metabolites comprising of sugars, sugar alcohols, organic acids, organic base, and aromatic silica compound...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258980/in-situ-synthesis-of-exopolysaccharides-by-leuconostoc-spp-and-weissella-spp-and-their-rheological-impacts-in-fava-bean-flour
#13
Yan Xu, Yaqin Wang, Rossana Coda, Elina Säde, Päivi Tuomainen, Maija Tenkanen, Kati Katina
Fava bean flour is regarded as a potential plant-based protein source, but the addition of it at high concentration is restricted by its poor texture-improving ability and by anti-nutritional factors (ANF). Exopolysaccharides (EPS) produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are regarded as good texture modifiers. In this study, fava bean flour was fermented with Leuconostoc spp. and Weissella spp. with or without sucrose addition, in order to evaluate their potential in EPS production. The contents of free sugars, organic acids, mannitol and EPS in all fermented fava bean doughs were measured...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249253/selective-anti-proliferative-activities-of-carica-papaya-leaf-juice-extracts-against-prostate-cancer
#14
Saurabh Pandey, Carina Walpole, Peter J Cabot, Paul N Shaw, Jyotsna Batra, Amitha K Hewavitharana
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the leading cause of cancer related deaths in men. Carica papaya is a popular tropical plant that has been traditionally used for its nutritional and medicinal properties. METHODS: We investigated the anti-proliferative responses of papaya leaf juice (LJP) and its various extracts ("biological"- in vitro digested, "physical"- size exclusion, and "chemical"-solvent extraction) on a range of cell lines representing benign hyperplasia, tumorigenic and normal cells of prostate origin...
February 26, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245627/absorption-profile-of-poly-phenolic-compounds-after-consumption-of-three-food-supplements-containing-36-different-fruits-vegetables-and-berries
#15
Letizia Bresciani, Daniela Martini, Pedro Mena, Michele Tassotti, Luca Calani, Giacomo Brigati, Furio Brighenti, Sandra Holasek, Daniela-Eugenia Malliga, Manfred Lamprecht, Daniele Del Rio
The market of plant-based nutraceuticals and food supplements is continuously growing due to the increased consumer demand. The introduction of new products with relevant nutritional characteristics represents a new way of providing bioactive compounds and (poly)phenols to consumers, becoming a strategy to ideally guarantee the health benefits attributed to plant foodstuffs and allowing the increase of daily bioactive compound intake. A paramount step in the study of nutraceuticals is the evaluation of the bioavailability and metabolism of their putatively active components...
February 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243249/non-destructive-phenotyping-to-identify-brachiaria-hybrids-tolerant-to-waterlogging-stress-under-field-conditions
#16
Juan de la Cruz Jiménez, Juan A Cardoso, Luisa F Leiva, Juanita Gil, Manuel G Forero, Margaret L Worthington, John W Miles, Idupulapati M Rao
Brachiaria grasses are sown in tropical regions around the world, especially in the Neotropics, to improve livestock production. Waterlogging is a major constraint to the productivity and persistence of Brachiaria grasses during the rainy season. While some Brachiaria cultivars are moderately tolerant to seasonal waterlogging, none of the commercial cultivars combines superior yield potential and nutritional quality with a high level of waterlogging tolerance. The Brachiaria breeding program at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture, has been using recurrent selection for the past two decades to combine forage yield with resistance to biotic and abiotic stress factors...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242361/the-dietary-replacement-of-marine-ingredients-by-terrestrial-animal-and-plant-alternatives-modulates-the-antiviral-immune-response-of-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar
#17
Albert Caballero-Solares, Jennifer R Hall, Xi Xue, Khalil Eslamloo, Richard G Taylor, Christopher C Parrish, Matthew L Rise
The effects of replacing marine ingredients by terrestrial ingredients on the health of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) are poorly understood. During a 14-week trial, Atlantic salmon fed a fish meal-fish oil based diet (MAR) showed similar growth performance to others fed a plant protein/vegetable oil based diet (VEG), whereas poorer performance was observed in those fed an animal by-product meal/vegetable oil based diet (ABP). At the end of the trial, salmon were injected with either phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or the viral mimic polyriboinosinic polyribocytidylic acid (pIC) and sampled for head kidney RNA after 24 h...
February 24, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230693/a-plant-based-nutrition-program
#18
Joanne Evans, Alexandra Magee, Kathy Dickman, Rebecca Sutter, Caroline Sutter
: Proper nutrition is an important but often overlooked component of preventive care and disease management. Following a plant-based diet in particular has been shown to have dramatic effects on health and well-being in a relatively short period of time. For this reason, nurses at three faculty-led community health clinics participated in a nutrition educational program, following a plant-based diet for 21 days. They sought to improve their knowledge of plant-based nutrition and experience firsthand the benefits of such a diet...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223995/synergistic-action-of-a-microbial-based-biostimulant-and-a-plant-derived-protein-hydrolysate-enhances-lettuce-tolerance-to-alkalinity-and-salinity
#19
Youssef Rouphael, Mariateresa Cardarelli, Paolo Bonini, Giuseppe Colla
In the coming years, farmers will have to deal with growing crops under suboptimal conditions dictated by global climate changes. The application of plant biostimulants such as beneficial microorganisms and plant-derived protein hydrolysates (PHs) may represent an interesting approach for increasing crop tolerance to alkalinity and salinity. The current research aimed at elucidating the agronomical, physiological, and biochemical effects as well as the changes in mineral composition of greenhouse lettuce (Lactuca sativa L...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221944/a-novel-immunoassay-test-system-for-detection-of-modified-allergen-residues-present-in-almond-cashew-coconut-hazelnut-and-soy-based-nondairy-beverages
#20
Jongkit Masiri, Lora Benoit, Mahzad Meshgi, Jeffrey Day, Cesar Nadala, Mansour Samadpour
A growing number of plant-based milk substitutes have become commercially available, providing an array of options for consumers with dietary restrictions. Though several of these products rival cow's milk in terms of their nutritional profiles, beverages prepared with soy and tree nuts can be a significant concern to consumers because of potential contamination with food allergens. Adding to this concern is the fact that allergen residues from plant-based beverages are modified during manufacturing, thereby decreasing the sensitivity of antibody-based detection methods...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
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