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Plant based nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630643/improved-classification-accuracy-of-powdery-mildew-infection-levels-of-wine-grapes-by-spatial-spectral-analysis-of-hyperspectral-images
#1
Uwe Knauer, Andrea Matros, Tijana Petrovic, Timothy Zanker, Eileen S Scott, Udo Seiffert
BACKGROUND: Hyperspectral imaging is an emerging means of assessing plant vitality, stress parameters, nutrition status, and diseases. Extraction of target values from the high-dimensional datasets either relies on pixel-wise processing of the full spectral information, appropriate selection of individual bands, or calculation of spectral indices. Limitations of such approaches are reduced classification accuracy, reduced robustness due to spatial variation of the spectral information across the surface of the objects measured as well as a loss of information intrinsic to band selection and use of spectral indices...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630615/plant-based-nutrition-for-healthcare-professionals-implementing-diet-as-a-primary-modality-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-disease
#2
REVIEW
Julieanna Hever, Raymond J Cronise
Cardiovascular disease remains the world's leading cause of death. Yet, we have known for decades that the vast majority of atherosclerosis and its subsequent morbidity and mortality are influenced predominantly by diet. This paper will describe a health-promoting whole food, plant-based diet; delineate macro- and micro-nutrition, emphasizing specific geriatric concerns; and offer guidance to physicians and other healthcare practitioners to support patients in successfully utilizing nutrition to improve their health...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627401/educational-nutrition-messaging-at-breakfast-reduces-snack-intake-and-influences-snack-preferences-in-adult-men-and-women
#3
Jamie I Baum, Brianna L Gaines, Gabrielle C Kubas, Charlayne F Mitchell, Sarah L Russell
Breakfast skipping is associated with increased risk of weight gain and obesity in young adults, possibly due to increased snacking later in the day. Recent research suggests that providing and animal versus a plant source of protein at breakfast can reduce snack intake later in the day. In addition, providing nutrition information via a nutrition label, front-of-pack information, or via text messaging has been shown to help individuals make healthier food choices. The objective of this study was to determine if educational nutrition messaging and protein source influenced snack intake 2 h following the breakfast meal...
June 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627055/cholelithiasis-in-adult-bearded-dragons-retrospective-study-of-nine-adult-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps-with-cholelithiasis-between-2013-and-2015-in-southern-germany
#4
A Gimmel, H Kempf, S Öfner, D Müller, A Liesegang
With an increased number of pet reptiles, many diseases occur due to nutritional disorders. Between 2013 and 2015, irregular gallbladder contents (sludge/choleliths) in adult bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps) were recorded in many of the routinely conducted necropsies at the reptile rescue station in Munich (Auffangstation für Reptilien, München e.V., Munich, Germany). Nine animals, six from the rescue station and three from an associated veterinary practice (Tierärztliche Praxis für Exoten, Augsburg, Germany), were studied...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625124/occurrence-and-importance-of-plant-lipids-a-promising-insight-into-algae
#5
Nihed Ben Halima
BACKGROUND: Lipids are biomolecules with interesting structural variability. They are involved in many processes such as the storage of energy, in nutrition and are also of relevance for signal transduction processes, in apoptosis, cell differentiation and phagocytosis, etc. Algae and microalgae are a promising and very diverse group of organisms. These living arganisms inhabit a vaste range of ecosystems from the Antarctic to the Deserts. They account for above half the primary productivity at the base of the food chain because of their multiple nutritional products including, for instance, lipids...
June 19, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607843/ecophylogeny-of-the-endospheric-root-fungal-microbiome-of-co-occurring-agrostis-stolonifera
#6
Amandine Lê Van, Achim Quaiser, Marie Duhamel, Sophie Michon-Coudouel, Alexis Dufresne, Philippe Vandenkoornhuyse
BACKGROUND: Within the root endosphere, fungi are known to be important for plant nutrition and resistance to stresses. However, description and understanding of the rules governing community assembly in the fungal fraction of the plant microbiome remains scarce. METHODS: We used an innovative DNA- and RNA-based analysis of co-extracted nucleic acids to reveal the complexity of the fungal community colonizing the roots of an Agrostis stolonifera population. The normalized RNA/DNA ratio, designated the 'mean expression ratio', was used as a functional trait proxy...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598568/managing-biological-control-services-through-multi-trophic-trait-interactions-review-and-guidelines-for-implementation-at-local-and-landscape-scales
#7
David J Perović, Sagrario Gámez-Virués, Douglas A Landis, Felix Wäckers, Geoff M Gurr, Stephen D Wratten, Min-Sheng You, Nicolas Desneux
Ecological studies are increasingly moving towards trait-based approaches, as the evidence mounts that functions, as opposed to taxonomy, drive ecosystem service delivery. Among ecosystem services, biological control has been somewhat overlooked in functional ecological studies. This is surprising given that, over recent decades, much of biological control research has been focused on identifying the multiple characteristics (traits) of species that influence trophic interactions. These traits are especially well developed for interactions between arthropods and flowers - important for biological control, as floral resources can provide natural enemies with nutritional supplements, which can dramatically increase biological control efficiency...
June 9, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594817/a-shifting-mutational-landscape-in-6-nutritional-states-stress-induced-mutagenesis-as-a-series-of-distinct-stress-input-mutation-output-relationships
#8
Ram P Maharjan, Thomas Ferenci
Environmental stresses increase genetic variation in bacteria, plants, and human cancer cells. The linkage between various environments and mutational outcomes has not been systematically investigated, however. Here, we established the influence of nutritional stresses commonly found in the biosphere (carbon, phosphate, nitrogen, oxygen, or iron limitation) on both the rate and spectrum of mutations in Escherichia coli. We found that each limitation was associated with a remarkably distinct mutational profile...
June 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588600/date-palm-tree-phoenix-dactylifera-l-natural-products-and-therapeutic-options
#9
REVIEW
Reem A Al-Alawi, Jawhara H Al-Mashiqri, Jawaher S M Al-Nadabi, Badria I Al-Shihi, Younis Baqi
Many plants, including some of the commonly consumed herbs and spices in our daily food, can be safely and effectively used to prevent and/or treat some health concerns. For example, caffeine the active ingredient found in coffee beans (Coffea), shows biological activity in the treatment of the central nervous system (CNS) disorders, indole-3-carbinol, and 3,3'-diindolylmethane are both broccoli (Brassica oleracea) derived phytochemicals with potential anti-cancer activity, and resveratrol, isolated from grape (Vitis vinifera), is reported to extend lifespan and provide cardio-neuro-protective, anti-diabetic, and anti-cancer effects...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587661/symbionts-in-waiting-the-dynamics-of-incipient-endosymbiont-complementation-and-replacement-in-minimal-bacterial-communities-of-psyllids
#10
Jennifer L Morrow, Aidan A G Hall, Markus Riegler
BACKGROUND: Obligate bacterial primary (P-) endosymbionts that are maternally inherited and codiverge with hosts are widespread across insect lineages with nutritionally restricted diets. Secondary (S-) endosymbionts are mostly facultative, but in some hosts, they complement P-endosymbiont function and therefore become obligate. Phylogenetic evidence exists for host switching and replacement of S-endosymbionts. The community dynamics that precede endosymbiont replacement and complementation have been little studied across host species, yet they are fundamental to the evolution of endosymbiosis...
June 6, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580239/improving-nutrition-through-biofortification-a-review-of-evidence-from-harvestplus-2003-through-2016
#11
REVIEW
Howarth E Bouis, Amy Saltzman
Biofortification is a feasible and cost-effective means of delivering micronutrients to populations that may have limited access to diverse diets and other micronutrient interventions. Since 2003, HarvestPlus and its partners have demonstrated that this agriculture-based method of addressing micronutrient deficiency through plant breeding works. More than 20 million people in farm households in developing countries are now growing and consuming biofortified crops. This review summarizes key evidence and discusses delivery experiences, as well as farmer and consumer adoption...
March 2017: Global Food Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575199/mixotrophy-in-pyroleae-ericaceae-from-estonian-boreal-forests-does-not-vary-with-light-or-tissue-age
#12
Félix Lallemand, Ülle Puttsepp, Mait Lang, Aarne Luud, Pierre-Emmanuel Courty, Cécile Palancade, Marc-André Selosse
Background and Aims: In temperate forests, some green plants, namely pyroloids (Pyroleae, Ericaceae) and some orchids, independently evolved a mode of nutrition mixing photosynthates and carbon gained from their mycorrhizal fungi (mixotrophy). Fungal carbon is more enriched in 13 C than photosynthates, allowing estimation of the proportion of carbon acquired heterotrophically from fungi in plant biomass. Based on 13 C enrichment, mixotrophic orchids have previously been shown to increase shoot autotrophy level over the growth season and with environmental light availability...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572976/processing-of-ingredients-and-diets-and-effects-on-nutritional-value-for-pigs
#13
REVIEW
Oscar Javier Rojas, Hans Henrik Stein
A conventional diet based on corn and soybean meal fed to pigs is usually provided in a mash form and in most cases, processing other than grinding and mixing is not used. However, due to the high cost of energy in pig diets, use of high fiber ingredients such as soybean hulls, distillers dried grains with solubles, and wheat middlings has increased. High fiber concentrations in the diet usually results in reduced energy and nutrient digestibility due to the low capacity of pigs to digest fiber, which negatively impacts growth performance and carcass composition of the pigs...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555156/improving-in-vivo-efficacy-of-bioactive-molecules-an-overview-of-potentially-antitumor-phytochemicals-and-currently-available-lipid-based-delivery-systems
#14
REVIEW
Lamia Mouhid, Marta Corzo-Martínez, Carlos Torres, Luis Vázquez, Guillermo Reglero, Tiziana Fornari, Ana Ramírez de Molina
Cancer is among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many of the chemotherapeutic agents used in cancer treatment exhibit cell toxicity and display teratogenic effect on nontumor cells. Therefore, the search for alternative compounds which are effective against tumor cells but reduce toxicity against nontumor ones is of great importance in the progress or development of cancer treatments. In this sense, scientific knowledge about relevant aspects of nutrition intimately involved in the development and progression of cancer progresses rapidly...
2017: Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555038/table-olive-fermentation-using-starter-cultures-with-multifunctional-potential
#15
REVIEW
Stamatoula Bonatsou, Chrysoula C Tassou, Efstathios Z Panagou, George-John E Nychas
Table olives are one of the most popular plant-derived fermented products. Their enhanced nutritional value due to the presence of phenolic compounds and monounsaturated fatty acids makes olives an important food commodity of the Mediterranean diet. However, despite its economic significance, table olive fermentation is mainly craft-based and empirically driven by the autochthonous microbiota of the olives depending on various intrinsic and extrinsic factors, leading to a spontaneous process and a final product of variable quality...
May 28, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551193/drivers-of-choice-for-fluid-milk-versus-plant-based-alternatives-what-are-consumer-perceptions-of-fluid-milk
#16
K S McCarthy, M Parker, A Ameerally, S L Drake, M A Drake
Fluid milk consumption has declined for decades while consumption of nondairy alternatives has increased. A better understanding of why consumers purchase fluid milk or nondairy alternatives is needed to assist increased sales of milk or maintain sales without further decline. The objective of this study was to determine the extrinsic attributes that drive purchase within each product category. The second objective was to determine the personal values behind the purchase of each beverage type to give further understanding why particular attributes are important...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549209/genotypic-correlation-and-path-analysis-in-early-and-super-early-maize-genotypes
#17
B M Alves, A Cargnelutti Filho
The aims of this study were to assess the linear relationships between agronomic and nutritional traits and to identify promising traits for indirect selection in early and super-early maturing maize genotypes. Two trials were run in the 2009/2010 agricultural year, each consisting of a randomized block design with three replications. One trial was run on 36 early maturing maize genotypes and the other on 22 super-early maturing genotypes. Six agronomic traits, 11 protein-nutritional traits, and four energetic-nutritional traits were measured...
May 25, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545906/optimizing-diet-and-nutrition-for-cancer-survivors-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Niki Mourouti, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Elias A Kotteas, Konstantinos N Syrigos
The number of cancer survivors is increasing and they are often highly motivated to search for information about nutrition and about physical activity in order to try to improve their treatment outcomes, quality of life and overall survival. In the light of these concerns, the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)/American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) as well as the American Cancer Society recommend a largely plant-based diet with limited consumption of red and processed meat, and limited consumption of alcohol, as well as the maintenance of a healthy weight throughout life and regular engagement in physical activity...
May 19, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537331/diet-modeling-in-older-americans-the-impact-of-increasing-plant-based-foods-or-dairy-products-on-protein-intake
#19
J A Houchins, C J Cifelli, E Demmer, V L Fulgoni Iii
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of increasing plant-based foods or dairy products on protein intake in older Americans by performing diet modeling. DESIGN: Data from What We Eat in America (WWEIA), the dietary component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2007-2010 for Americans aged 51 years and older (n=5,389), divided as 51-70 years (n=3,513) and 71 years and older (n=1,876) were used. MEASUREMENTS: Usual protein intake was compared among three dietary models that increased intakes by 100%: (1) plant-based foods; (2) higher protein plant-based foods (i...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532520/are-more-environmentally-sustainable-diets-with-less-meat-and-dairy-nutritionally-adequate
#20
S Marije Seves, Janneke Verkaik-Kloosterman, Sander Biesbroek, Elisabeth Hm Temme
OBJECTIVE: Our current food consumption patterns, and in particular our meat and dairy intakes, cause high environmental pressure. The present modelling study investigates the impact of diets with less or no meat and dairy foods on nutrient intakes and assesses nutritional adequacy by comparing these diets with dietary reference intakes. DESIGN: Environmental impact and nutrient intakes were assessed for the observed consumption pattern (reference) and two replacement scenarios...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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