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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937233/new-perspectives-in-the-model-of-stress-response
#1
I Tonhajzerova, M Mestanik
The reactions of human organism to changes of internal or external environment termed as stress response have been at the center of interest during recent decades. Several theories were designed to describe the regulatory mechanisms which maintain the stability of vital physiological functions under conditions of threat or other environmental challenges. However, most of the models of stress reactivity were focused on specific aspects of the regulatory outcomes - physiological (e.g. neuroendocrine), psychological or behavioral regulation...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935225/heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-and-other-psychophysiological-procedures-as-important-elements-in-psychotherapy
#2
REVIEW
Paul Lehrer
Lang's distinction of psychophysiological, behavioral, and cognitive domains in psychological problems and therapies provides a useful heuristic for guiding psychotherapy. Much psychotherapy practice emphasizes the cognitive domain, but behavioral and psychophysiological interventions show at least equivalent effectiveness for some kinds of problems. Most descriptions of cognitive behavior therapy emphasize cognitive procedures, although most CBT approaches also incorporate behavioral interventions such as social skills training, exposure, and behavior activation...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931980/development-of-a-low-cost-emg-biofeedback-device-kit-as-an-educational-tool-for-physical-therapy-students
#3
Risa Suzuki, Yoshihiro Muraoka, Shuntaro Okazaki
[Purpose] Electromyography biofeedback therapy is applied to various diseases during physical therapy for motor learning. Our aim was to develop a low-cost electromyography biofeedback device kit that students could build by themselves in class and to evaluate whether this kit was an adequate educational tool for physical therapy students. [Subjects and Methods] This study included 34 volunteers from a 3 year physical therapy vocational school and a 4 year university course. All students were tasked with: 1) completing a pre-questionnaire; 2) attending basic lectures on electromyography biofeedback therapy and how to build the device; 3) building the device; and 4) completing a post-questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930518/microperimetric-biofeedback-training-fundamentals-strategies-and-perspectives
#4
Enzo Maria Vingolo, Giuseppe Napolitano, Serena Fragiotta
Microperimetric biofeedback training (MBFT) is a visual rehabilitative strategy based on fixation stability improvement reinforcing or creating a new preferential fixation locus. The rationale consists in reeducating visual system to a new visual condition, promoting retina-brain transmission, and thus cortical plasticity. The use of MBFT found is major application in visual diseases involving central vision, but later it revealed promising functional outcomes even in myopia, inherited retinal degenerations and nystagmus...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921103/biofeedback-based-videogame-balance-training-in-autism
#5
Brittany G Travers, Andrea H Mason, Leigh Ann Mrotek, Anthony Ellertson, Douglas C Dean, Courtney Engel, Andres Gomez, Olga I Dadalko, Kristine McLaughlin
The present study examined the effects of a visual-based biofeedback training on improving balance challenges in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty-nine youth with ASD (7-17 years) completed an intensive 6-week biofeedback-based videogame balance training. Participants exhibited training-related balance improvements that significantly accounted for postural-sway improvements outside of training. Participants perceived the training as beneficial and enjoyable. Significant moderators of training included milder stereotyped and ritualistic behaviors and better starting balance...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906341/the-neurophysiology-of-paediatric-movement-disorders
#6
Verity M McClelland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To demonstrate how neurophysiological tools have advanced our understanding of the pathophysiology of paediatric movement disorders, and of neuroplasticity in the developing brain. RECENT FINDINGS: Delineation of corticospinal tract connectivity using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is being investigated as a potential biomarker for response to therapy. TMS measures of cortical excitability and neuroplasticity are also being used to investigate the effects of therapy, demonstrating neuroplastic changes that relate to functional improvements...
September 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901946/design-of-semg-assembly-to-detect-external-anal-sphincter-activity-a-proof-of-concept
#7
Arsam Shiraz, Brian Leaker, Charles Alexander Mosse, Eskinder Solomon, Michael Craggs, Andreas Demosthenous
Conditional trans-rectal stimulation of the pudendal nerve could provide a viable solution to treat hyperreflexive bladder in spinal cord injury. A set threshold of the amplitude estimate of the external anal sphincter surface electromyography (sEMG) may be used as the trigger signal. The efficacy of such a device should be tested in a large scale clinical trial. As such a probe should remain in situ for several hours while patients attend to their daily routine, the recording electrodes should be designed to be large enough to maintain good contact while observing design constraints...
September 13, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899231/neuron-type-specific-utility-in-a-brain-machine-interface-a-pilot-study
#8
Martha G Garcia-Garcia, Austin J Bergquist, Hector Vargas-Perez, Mary K Nagai, Jose Zariffa, Cesar Marquez-Chin, Milos R Popovic
Context Firing rates of single cortical neurons can be volitionally modulated through biofeedback (i.e. operant conditioning), and this information can be transformed to control external devices (i.e. brain-machine interfaces; BMIs). However, not all neurons respond to operant conditioning in BMI implementation. Establishing criteria that predict neuron utility will assist translation of BMI research to clinical applications. Findings Single cortical neurons (n=7) were recorded extracellularly from primary motor cortex of a Long-Evans rat...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892597/adult-male-stress-and-urge-urinary-incontinence-a-review-of-pathophysiology-and-treatment-strategies-for-voiding-dysfunction-in-men
#9
Eric Chung, Darren J Katz, Christopher Love
BACKGROUND: Male urinary incontinence adversely affects health-related quality of life and is associated with significant psychosexual and financial burden. The two most common forms of male incontinence are stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overactive bladder (OAB) with concomitant urge urinary incontinence (UUI). OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this article are to briefly review the current understandings of the pathophysiological mechanisms in SUI and OAB/UUI, and offer a set of practical, action-based recommendations and treatment strategies...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890890/the-impact-of-resonance-frequency-breathing-on-measures-of-heart-rate-variability-blood-pressure-and-mood
#10
Patrick R Steffen, Tara Austin, Andrea DeBarros, Tracy Brown
Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) significantly improves heart rate variability (HRV). Breathing at resonance frequency (RF, approximately 6 breaths/min) constitutes a key part of HRVB training and is hypothesized to be a pathway through which biofeedback improves HRV. No studies to date, however, have experimentally examined whether RF breathing impacts measures of HRV. The present study addressed this question by comparing three groups: the RF group breathed at their determined RF for 15 min; the RF + 1 group breathed at 1 breath/min higher than their determined RF for 15 min; and the third group sat quietly for 15 min...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888468/effect-of-visual-biofeedback-cycling-training-on-gait-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#11
A Hochsprung, A Granja Domínguez, E Magni, S Escudero Uribe, A Moreno García
INTRODUCTION: Gait alterations are present in a high percentage of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). They appear from early stages of the disease and can limit patients' capacity to perform basic activities of daily living, affecting their quality of life. Visual biofeedback cycling training appears to be a useful tool in treating these impairments. This study aims to evaluate the short-term effect of visual biofeedback cycling training on gait in patients with MS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 61 patients with mild to moderate MS were randomly assigned to a control group and an intervention group...
September 6, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885365/therapeutic-efficacy-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-and-electromyographic-biofeedback-on-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-with-dysphagia
#12
Yi Tang, Xiang Lin, Xiao-Juan Lin, Wei Zheng, Zhi-Kai Zheng, Zhao-Min Lin, Jian-Hao Chen
To study the therapeutic effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-biofeedback) therapy in improving swallowing function of Alzheimer's disease patients with dysphagia.A series of 103 Alzheimer's disease patients with dysphagia were divided into 2 groups, among which the control group (n = 50) received swallowing function training and the treatment group (n = 53) received neuromuscular electrical stimulation plus EMG-biofeedback therapy. The mini-mental state scale score was performed in all patients along the treatment period...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879462/abstracts-of-scientific-oral-and-poster-presentations-at-the-19th-meeting-of-the-biofeedback-federation-of-europe
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878469/effects-of-kinetic-chain-exercise-using-emg-biofeedback-on-balance-and-lower-extremity-muscle-activation-in-stroke-patients
#14
Yong Keun Park, Je Ho Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of kinetic chain exercise using EMG-biofeedback on balance and lower extremity muscle activation. [Subjects and Methods] For this study, 30 stroke patients participated in this study and they were divided into closed kinetic chain exercise using EMG-biofeedback group (CKCE+EB) and open kinetic chain exercise using EMG-biofeedback group (OKCE+EB), each group consisting of 15 patients. The kinetic chain exercise using EMG-biofeedback was performed by the patients for 20 minutes once a day, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks using an Myo-Ex...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877611/an-update-on-behavioral-treatments-in-migraine-current-knowledge-and-future-options
#15
Peter Kropp, Bianca Meyer, Wolfgang Meyer, Thomas Dresler
Besides pharmacological and interventional treatments a variety of non-medical therapeutic options exist for migraine, which has largely been derived from behavioral therapy. Areas covered: For our update we collected available studies via PubMed searches. This review highlights that already consulting of the patient is able to reduce the frequency of migraine attacks. Relaxation techniques, especially progressive muscle relaxation, and various types of biofeedback are effective, as is the implementation of cognitive behavioral therapy...
September 6, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874925/controlled-rhythmic-yogic-breathing-as-complementary-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-veterans-a-case-series
#16
Joseph Walker, Deborah Pacik
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a cluster of symptoms in which a person persistently relives a traumatic event, through recurring thoughts, nightmares, and flashbacks for at least 1 month or more. There are various behavioral and medical treatment options for PTSD. Mind-body techniques, such as biofeedback and breathing-based stress reduction, have shown some promise in the treatment of PTSD symptoms. The purpose of this case series was to examine controlled yogic breathing as a complementary treatment of PTSD in military veterans...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874922/an-overview-of-the-use-of-neurofeedback-biofeedback-for-the-treatment-of-symptoms-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-military-and-civilian-populations
#17
REVIEW
Sarah N Gray
Background: Neurofeedback, a type of biofeedback, is an operant conditioning treatment that has been studied for use in the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in both civilian and military populations. In this approach, users are able to see or hear representations of data related to their own physiologic responses to triggers, such as stress or distraction, in real time and, with practice, learn to alter these responses in order to reduce symptoms and/or improve performance. Objective: This article provides a brief overview of the use of biofeedback, focusing on neurofeedback, for symptoms related to TBI, with applications for both civilian and military populations, and describes a pilot study that is currently underway looking at the effects of a commercial neurofeedback device on patients with mild-to-moderate TBIs...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874146/effect-of-short-term-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-on-long-term-abstinence-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-a-one-year-follow-up
#18
Ana Isabel Penzlin, Kristian Barlinn, Ben Min-Woo Illigens, Kerstin Weidner, Martin Siepmann, Timo Siepmann
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled study (RCT) recently showed that short-term heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback in addition to standard rehabilitation care for alcohol dependence can reduce craving, anxiety and improve cardiovascular autonomic function. In this one-year follow-up study we aimed to explore whether completion of 2-week HRV-Biofeedback training is associated with long-term abstinence. Furthermore, we sought to identify potential predictors of post-treatment abstinence...
September 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871583/efficacy-of-tape-feedback-therapy-on-synkinesis-following-severe-peripheral-facial-nerve-palsy
#19
Takashi Kasahara, Saori Ikeda, Ayaka Sugimoto, Shinji Sugawara, Yuji Koyama, Minoru Toyokura, Yoshihisa Masakado
BACKGROUND: Mirror feedback rehabilitation is effective in preventing the development of oro-ocular synkinesis following severe facial palsy. However, we do not have effective maneuvers to prevent the deterioration of oculo-oral synkinesis. We developed a new method of biofeedback rehabilitation using tape for the prevention of oculo-oral synkinesis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of taping feedback rehabilitation. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients with peripheral facial nerve palsy who developed synkinesis were divided into 2 groups...
September 20, 2017: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866813/psychophysiological-reactivity-in-couples-during-a-marital-interaction-task
#20
J Coutinho, P Oliveira-Silva, A R Mesquita, M Barbosa, K M Perrone-McGovern, O F Gonçalves
The ability to regulate our own physiological arousal when dealing with the emotional expression of our partner is crucial for satisfactory and stable intimate relationships. In previous physiological studies of marital interactions, researchers have found greater levels of psychophysiological arousal for members of the couple in conflictual interactions in comparison with positive interactions. Past researchers have established that intense and prolonged autonomic and neuroendocrine arousal during marital conflict can have negative consequences for mental and physical health...
September 2, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
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