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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727554/a-human-humanoid-interaction-through-the-use-of-bci-for-locked-in-als-patients-using-neuro-biological-feedback-fusion
#1
Rosario Sorbello, Salvatore Tramonte, Marcello Giardina, Vincenzo La Bella, Rossella Spataro, Brendan Allison, Christoph Guger, Antonio Chella
This paper illustrates a new architecture for a human-humanoid interaction based on EEG-Brain Computer Interface (EEG-BCI) for patients affected by locked-in syndrome caused by Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). The proposed architecture is able to recognise users' mental state accordingly to the biofeedback factor Bf , based on users' Attention, Intention and Focus, that is used to elicit a robot to perform customised behaviours. Experiments have been conducted with a population of 8 subjects: 4 ALS patients in a near Locked-in status with normal ocular movement and 4 healthy control subjects enrolled for age, education and computer expertise...
July 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726973/heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-stress-relief-program-for-depression-a-replicated-single-subject-design
#2
Bregje M A Hartogs, Agna Bartels-Velthuis, Karen Van der Ploeg, Elske H Bos
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders often have a chronic course and the efficacy of evidence-based treatments may be overestimated. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of the Heart Rate Variability Stress Reduction Program (SRP) as a supplement to standard treatment in patients with depressive disorders. METHODS: The SRP was individually administered in eight weekly sessions. Seven participants completed the full protocol and were enrolled in a single-subject ABA multiple baseline experimental design...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715554/variable-practice-to-enhance-speech-learning-in-ultrasound-biofeedback-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-a-single-case-experimental-study
#3
Jonathan L Preston, Megan C Leece, Kerry McNamara, Edwin Maas
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of practice variability, through prosodic variation during speech sound training, in biofeedback treatment for children with childhood apraxia of speech. It was hypothesized that variable practice would facilitate speech sound learning. Method: Six children ages 8-16 years with persisting speech sound errors due to childhood apraxia of speech participated in a single-subject experimental design. For each participant, 2 speech sound targets were treated with ultrasound visual feedback training: one with prosodic variation (i...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705783/correction-of-abdominal-distension-by-biofeedback-guided-control-of-abdomino-thoracic-muscular-activity-in-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Elizabeth Barba, Anna Accarino, Fernando Azpiroz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Abdominal distension is produced by abnormal somatic postural tone; we developed an original biofeedback technique based on electromyography-guided control of abdomino-thoracic muscular activity. We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled study demonstrate the superiority of biofeedback to placebo for the treatment of abdominal distension. METHODS: At a referral center in Spain, we enrolled consecutive patients with visible abdominal distension who fulfilled the Rome III criteria for functional intestinal disorders (47 women, 1 man; 21-74 yrs old); 2 patients assigned to the placebo group withdrew and 2 patients assigned to biofeedback were not valid for analysis...
July 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686982/efficacy-of-biofeedback-on-quality-of-life-in-stages-i-and-ii-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-pilot-study
#5
Tannaz Ahadi, Neda Taghvadoost, Soheila Aminimoghaddam, Bijan Forogh, Roxana Bazazbehbahani, Gholam Reza Raissi
OBJECTIVES: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a prevalent disorder which seriously affects the sufferer's quality of life. The main goal of this study was to evaluate biofeedback impact on quality of life in women with mild to moderate POP. STUDY DESIGN: 40 females in stages I and II POP were allocated into 2 groups. One group received pelvic floor muscle exercise and lifestyle advice in addition to biofeedback twice a week for 4 weeks, while the other received a lifestyle advice sheet and pelvic floor muscle exercise without biofeedback...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683745/topographical-measures-of-functional-connectivity-as-biomarkers-for-post-stroke-motor-recovery
#6
Gavin R Philips, Janis J Daly, José C Príncipe
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers derived from neural activity of the brain present a vital tool for the prediction and evaluation of post-stroke motor recovery, as well as for real-time biofeedback opportunities. METHODS: In order to encapsulate recovery-related reorganization of brain networks into such biomarkers, we have utilized the generalized measure of association (GMA) and graph analyses, which include global and local efficiency, as well as hemispheric interdensity and intradensity...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679109/investigation-of-vagal-afferent-functioning-using-the-heartbeat-event-related-potential
#7
Christina Huang, R N Gevirtz, Julie Onton, Jose R Criado
Although there has been much support for HRV Biofeedback as an effective intervention for various disorders, there is a lack of comprehension of the underlying mechanisms. The predominant theories of increased vagal efferents and baroreflex gain are insufficient in explaining the frequent observations that HRV Biofeedback impacts changes in constructs beyond ANS mediation, such as emotion regulation, attentional control, and self-regulatory reserve. It has been suspected that vagal afferent functioning may be the underlying mechanism, but little research has explored this...
July 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673794/giggle-incontinence-evolution-of-concept-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Bridget Linehan Logan, Samantha Blais
BACKGROUND: Giggle incontinence is a sudden and involuntary episode of urinary incontinence that is provoked by an episode of laughter. Decades of case studies and small research studies have formed the basis of what is known about giggle incontinence; however, much remains unknown about this type of incontinence, leaving the recommendations for clinical management somewhat unguided. METHODS: A systematic review of 22 articles on the topic of "giggle incontinence" and related terms was conducted, including all published articles and commentaries since the term was first seen in print in 1959...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660663/review-article-dyssynergic-defaecation-and-biofeedback-therapy-in-the-pathophysiology-and-management-of-functional-constipation
#9
REVIEW
G R Skardoon, A J Khera, A V Emmanuel, R E Burgell
BACKGROUND: Functional constipation is a common clinical presentation in primary care. Functional defaecation disorders are defined as the paradoxical contraction or inadequate relaxation of the pelvic floor muscles during attempted defaecation (dyssynergic defaecation) and/or inadequate propulsive forces during attempted defaecation. Prompt diagnosis and management of dyssynergic defaecation is hindered by uncertainty regarding nomenclature, diagnostic criteria, pathophysiology and efficacy of management options such as biofeedback therapy...
August 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655050/enhancing-intervention-for-residual-rhotic-errors-via-app-delivered-biofeedback-a-case-study
#10
Tara McAllister Byun, Heather Campbell, Helen Carey, Wendy Liang, Tae Hong Park, Mario Svirsky
Purpose: Recent research suggests that visual-acoustic biofeedback can be an effective treatment for residual speech errors, but adoption remains limited due to barriers including high cost and lack of familiarity with the technology. This case study reports results from the first participant to complete a course of visual-acoustic biofeedback using a not-for-profit iOS app, Speech Therapist's App for /r/ Treatment. Method: App-based biofeedback treatment for rhotic misarticulation was provided in weekly 30-min sessions for 20 weeks...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655049/video-game-rehabilitation-of-velopharyngeal-dysfunction-a-case-series
#11
Gabriel J Cler, Talia Mittelman, Maia N Braden, Geralyn Harvey Woodnorth, Cara E Stepp
Purpose: Video games provide a promising platform for rehabilitation of speech disorders. Although video games have been used to train speech perception in foreign language learners and have been proposed for aural rehabilitation, their use in speech therapy has been limited thus far. We present feasibility results from at-home use in a case series of children with velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) using an interactive video game that provided real-time biofeedback to facilitate appropriate nasalization...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654949/the-effects-of-lip-closure-exercise-on-lip-strength-and-function-following-full-facial-transplantation-a-case-report
#12
Bridget J Perry, Brian D Richburg, Bohdan Pomahac, Ericka M Bueno, Jordan R Green
Purpose: Facial transplantation is a relatively new option for individuals with severe facial disfigurements. Clinical case studies on existing patients indicate many instances of persistent facial motor impairment for facial expression, speech, and swallowing. These preliminary findings motivate additional research on the impact of lip-strengthening exercises following facial transplantation. Method: In this study, we assessed the efficacy of an 8-week, biofeedback-driven, lip closure-strengthening exercise program in a single patient 1-year status post-full facial transplantation...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649308/association-between-spirometry-controlled-chest-ct-scores-using-computer-animated-biofeedback-and-clinical-markers-of-lung-disease-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#13
Thomas Kongstad, Kent Green, Frederik Buchvald, Marianne Skov, Tania Pressler, Kim Gjerum Nielsen
Background: Computed tomography (CT) of the lungs is the gold standard for assessing the extent of structural changes in the lungs. Spirometry-controlled chest CT (SCCCT) has improved the usefulness of CT by standardising inspiratory and expiratory lung volumes during imaging. This was a single-centre cross-sectional study in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Using SCCCT we wished to investigate the association between the quantity and extent of structural lung changes and pulmonary function outcomes, and prevalence of known CF lung pathogens...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648880/animated-versus-non-animated-biofeedback-therapy-for-dysfunctional-voiding-treatment-does-it-change-the-outcome
#14
Tayfun Oktar, M İrfan Dönmez, Ünsal Özkuvancı, Haluk Ander, Orhan Ziylan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of animated vs. non-animated biofeedback therapy in the treatment of dysfunctional voiding (DV) in the pediatric age group. METHODS: In this study, children with DV were randomly assigned for animated and non-animated biofeedback therapy. Age, voiding dysfunction symptom scores (VDSS), urinary ultrasound and uroflowmetry parameters such as electromyography (EMG) activity, voided volumes, post voiding residual urine volume (PVR) and maximum flow rate (Qmax) were evaluated...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647959/-re-treatments-of-recurrence-after-pelvic-floor-repair-surgery
#15
S X Fan, F M Wang, L S Lin, Y F Song
Objective: To analyze re-treatments of recurrence after the pelvic floor repair surgery. Methods: The protocol and the effect of re-treatments were investigated by reviewing and analyzing the clinical data of 81 recurrent patients (grade Ⅱ and above), who had received the pelvic floor repair surgery from January 2011 to January 2016. Pelvic organ prolapse quantitation system (POP-Q) and two questionnaires about quality of life [pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20) and pelvic floor impact questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7)] were used to evaluate objective and subjective efficacy, respectively...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643273/chronic-constipation-in-rome-iv-era-the-indian-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Uday C Ghoshal
Chronic constipation (CC) is a common problem in the community and in gastroenterology practice all over the world including India. After release of Rome IV guidelines in April 2016, there is increasing interest among gastroenterologists and physicians in India to look into special issues on CC in the Indian perspective. There are important differences in the bowel habit, definition, epidemiology, and pathophysiology including dietary factors and management of CC in India as compared to the West. As severity and frequency of abdominal pain, a symptom essential to diagnose constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) rather than functional constipation (FC), is less common among Indian patients, FC is commoner than IBS-C in India...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634547/kinesiophobia-pain-muscle-functions-and-functional-performances-among-older-persons-with-low-back-pain
#17
Nor Azizah Ishak, Zarina Zahari, Maria Justine
OBJECTIVES: This study aims (1) to determine the association between kinesiophobia and pain, muscle functions, and functional performances and (2) to determine whether kinesiophobia predicts pain, muscle functions, and functional performance among older persons with low back pain (LBP). METHODS: This is a correlational study, involving 63 institutionalized older persons (age = 70.98 ± 7.90 years) diagnosed with LBP. Anthropometric characteristics (BMI) and functional performances (lower limb function, balance and mobility, and hand grip strength) were measured...
2017: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628809/distrust-of-the-senses-and-its-association-with-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms
#18
Shiu F Wong, Alishia D Williams, Jessica R Grisham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Leading cognitive theories of OCD suggests that despite prevalent and persistent doubt, individuals with OCD do not have perceptual deficits. An alternate cognitive theory, the Seeking Proxies for Internal States hypothesis (SPIS), proposes that sensory distrust in OCD stems from actual deficits in accessing internal states. Consistent with the SPIS, previous research has found that high-OC individuals were less accurate than low-OC individuals in producing target levels of muscle tension in a biofeedback task and that OC symptoms were positively associated with reliance on an external proxy...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626331/the-effects-of-training-using-emg-biofeedback-on-stroke-patients-upper-extremity-functions
#19
Ju-Hong Kim
[Purpose] While electromyography (EMG) biofeedback has been recently used in diverse therapeutic interventions for stroke patients, research on its effects has been lacking. Most existing studies are confined to functions of the lower extremities, and research on upper extremity functional recovery using EMG biofeedback training is limited. Therefore, this study examined the effects of training using EMG biofeedback on stroke patients' upper extremity functions. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study included 30 hemiplegia patients whose disease duration was longer than six months...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623467/reducing-anxiety-and-improving-academic-performance-through-a-biofeedback-relaxation-training-program
#20
Aitor Aritzeta, Goretti Soroa, Nekane Balluerka, Alexander Muela, Arantxa Gorostiaga, Jone Aliri
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of a biofeedback relaxation training program on anxiety and academic performance. The program consisted of five biofeedback sessions coupled with three training activities focused on deep breathing, guided imagery, and muscle relaxation. The participants were second-year psychology undergraduates from the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU, northern Spain). The experimental group comprised 152 students (M age  = 19.6, SD = 0.74; 74% women) and the control group 81 students (M age   = 19...
June 16, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
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