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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143126/-spinal-orthoses-in-the-treatment-of-vertebral-fractures-with-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review-article
#1
REVIEW
M Pfeifer, M Gehlen, C Hinz
This literature search concerning the potential role of spinal orthoses for rehabilitation and treatment of atraumatic vertebral fractures between Th4 and L5 with osteoporosis and without any evidence for a secondary cause, provided no evidence for the benefits of traditional rigid thoracolumbar corsets, which only had a poor compliance. In addition, there are indications that these rigid corsets may even worsen the disease condition especially in the long-term. Wearing these corsets can result in further loss of muscle mass and strength followed by loss of bone and bone mass...
November 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140286/evidence-to-use-botulinum-toxin-injections-in-tension-type-headache-management-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Mieszko Wieckiewicz, Natalia Grychowska, Marek Zietek, Gniewko Wieckiewicz, Joanna Smardz
Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most common type of chronic recurring head pain. It can occur twice as often in women as in men. It is the most common type of headache. Its lifetime prevalence is 30% to 78% in the general population. TTH treatment should be multilevel. It often consists of taking pain medication, muscle relaxants, antidepressants, using biofeedback therapy, acupuncture, and attending behavioral therapy. Several clinical trials also suggest that botulinum toxin (BTX) may be an effective treatment option for such patients...
November 15, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133859/conformal-transistor-arrays-based-on-solution-processed-organic-crystals
#3
Xiaoli Zhao, Bing Zhang, Qingxin Tang, Xueyan Ding, Shuya Wang, Yuying Zhou, Yanhong Tong, Yichun Liu
Conformal transistor array based on solution-processed organic crystals, which can provide sensory and scanning features for monitoring, biofeedback, and tracking of physiological function, presents one of the most promising technologies for future large-scale low-cost wearable and implantable electronics. However, it is still a huge challenge for the integration of solution-processed organic crystals into conformal FETs owing to a generally existing swelling phenomenon of the elastic materials and the lack of the corresponding device fabrication technology...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124506/heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-does-not-substitute-for-asthma-steroid-controller-medication
#4
Paul M Lehrer, Charles G Irvin, Shou-En Lu, Anthony Scardella, Beatrix Roehmheld-Hamm, Milisyaris Aviles-Velez, Jessica Graves, Evgeny G Vaschillo, Bronya Vaschillo, Flavia Hoyte, Harold Nelson, Frederick S Wamboldt
Despite previous findings of therapeutic effects for heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) on asthma, it is not known whether HRVB can substitute either for controller or rescue medication, or whether it affects airway inflammation. Sixty-eight paid volunteer steroid naïve study participants with mild or moderate asthma were given 3 months of HRVB or a comparison condition consisting of EEG alpha biofeedback with relaxing music and relaxed paced breathing (EEG+), in a two-center trial. All participants received a month of intensive asthma education prior to randomization...
November 9, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114774/intensive-treatment-for-persisting-rhotic-distortions-a-case-series
#5
Jonathan L Preston, Megan C Leece
Purpose: The study explored changes in accuracy of American English rhotics as a result of an intensive 1-week therapy program for adolescents and young adults with residual speech sound errors that had not resolved with previous therapy. Method: Four case reports are presented of individuals aged 13, 17, 21, and 22 years with residual /ɹ/ distortions. Each participant attended a 1-week intensive program consisting of pretreatment assessments, 14 hr of therapy, and posttreatment assessment...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114603/audiovisual-biofeedback-guided-breath-hold-improves-lung-tumor-position-reproducibility-and-volume-consistency
#6
Danny Lee, Peter B Greer, Carminia Lapuz, Joanna Ludbrook, Perry Hunter, Jameen Arm, Sean Pollock, Kuldeep Makhija, Ricky T O'Brien, Taeho Kim, Paul Keall
Purpose: Respiratory variation can increase the variability of tumor position and volume, accounting for larger treatment margins and longer treatment times. Audiovisual biofeedback as a breath-hold technique could be used to improve the reproducibility of lung tumor positions at inhalation and exhalation for the radiation therapy of mobile lung tumors. This study aimed to assess the impact of audiovisual biofeedback breath-hold (AVBH) on interfraction lung tumor position reproducibility and volume consistency for respiratory-gated lung cancer radiation therapy...
July 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114516/comparative-effectiveness-of-lumbar-stabilization-dynamic-strengthening-and-pilates-on-chronic-low-back-pain-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Esha A Bhadauria, Peeyoosha Gurudut
The aim of the present study was to compare three different forms of exercises namely lumbar stabilization, dynamic strengthening, and Pilates on chronic low back pain (LBP) in terms of pain, range of motion, core strength and function. In this study, 44 subjects suffering from non-specific LBP for more than 3 months were randomly allocated into the lumbar stabilization group, the dynamic strengthening group, and the Pilates group. Ten sessions of exercises for 3 weeks were prescribed along with interferential current and hot moist pack...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111136/factors-associated-with-response-to-biofeedback-therapy-for-dyssynergic-defecation
#8
Tanisa Patcharatrakul, Jessica Valestin, Amanda Schmeltz, Konrad Schulze, Satish S C Rao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Biofeedback therapy (BT) is effective for dyssynergic defecation (DD), but it is not widely available or reimbursed, and is labor intensive. It is therefore important to select the appropriate patients for this treatment. We investigated symptoms and demographic, manometric, and other factors associated with outcomes of BT in patients with DD. METHODS: We performed a post-hoc analysis of 2 prospective studies of BT in 127 adult outpatients (18-75 years old, 120 female) with chronic constipation who failed to respond to treatment with dietary fiber or laxatives (>1 year) and were diagnosed with DD based on standard criteria...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110509/stress-management-for-headaches-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-and-practical-recommendations-for-health-promotion-programs-and-well-being
#9
Anastasia Bougea, Nikolaos Spantideas, George P Chrousos
Stress is considered to be the most common factor reported to trigger headaches in children and adolescents. Although tension-type headache and migraine are the two most common types of headache in children and adolescents, they are often untreated, ignoring their stressful background. We provide a narrative review of the available evidence for health-care professionals involved in stress-related headache management and health promotion programs. An integrative plan is delivered through lifestyle improvement and biopsychosocial modifying stress response techniques...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103413/incorporation-of-integrative-medicine-education-into-undergraduate-medical-education-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Saswati Mahapatra, Anjali Bhagra, Bisrat Fekadu, Zhuo Li, Brent A Bauer, Dietlind L Wahner-Roedler
OBJECTIVE: Integrative medicine (IM) combines complementary medical approaches into conventional medicine and considers the whole person. We implemented a longitudinal IM short-course curriculum into our medical school education. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of the curriculum via knowledge and attitude surveys regarding IM among students. METHODS: A mandatory short IM curriculum across all years of medical school was created and taught by IM professionals and physician faculty members with expertise in integrative therapies...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101974/the-collateral-ligament-of-the-digits-of-the-hand-anatomy-physiology-biomechanics-injury-and-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Leo M Rozmaryn
Ligament injuries are among the most common musculoskeletal injuries seen in clinical practice and ligaments are the most frequently injured structures in a joint. Ligaments play an important role in balancing joint mobility and joint stability. Disruption of joint ligaments severely impairs joint function. Over the past 10 years, a new appreciation of a neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of joint ligaments and its biofeedback loops to surrounding muscles and tendons has emerged to explain the relationship between primary and secondary restraints that allow normal joint motion yet prevent pathological motion...
November 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099654/control-of-impact-loading-during-distracted-running-before-and-after-gait-retraining-in-runners
#12
Roy T H Cheung, Winko W An, Ivan P H Au, Janet H Zhang, Zoe Y S Chan, Aislinn J MacPhail
Gait retraining using visual biofeedback has been reported to reduce impact loading in runners. However, most of the previous studies did not adequately examine the level of motor learning after training, as the modified gait pattern was not tested in a dual-task condition. Hence, this study sought to compare the landing peak positive acceleration (PPA) and vertical loading rates during distracted running before and after gait retraining. Sixteen recreational runners underwent a two-week visual biofeedback gait retraining program for impact loading reduction, with feedback on the PPA measured at heel...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098676/physical-therapy
#13
Li-Jun Xiao, Ran Tao
Physical therapy has the evidence-based science knowledge to address a wide range of physical and psychological problems of addiction. Neuromodulation techniques are becoming more and more important in the treatment of addiction. Here, the efficacy of different neuromodulation techniques in addiction, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), deep brain stimulation (DBS), is critically evaluated. Other physical therapy methods including Biofeedback, Physical Activity and Acupuncture are also presented...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098398/evaluation-of-an-automated-swallow-detection-algorithm-using-visual-biofeedback-in-healthy-adults-and-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#14
Gabriela Constantinescu, Kristina Kuffel, Daniel Aalto, William Hodgetts, Jana Rieger
Mobile health (mHealth) technologies may offer an opportunity to address longstanding clinical challenges, such as access and adherence to swallowing therapy. Mobili-T(®) is an mHealth device that uses surface electromyography (sEMG) to provide biofeedback on submental muscles activity during exercise. An automated swallow-detection algorithm was developed for Mobili-T(®). This study evaluated the performance of the swallow-detection algorithm. Ten healthy participants and 10 head and neck cancer (HNC) patients were fitted with the device...
November 2, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093676/bioinspired-technologies-to-connect-musculoskeletal-mechanobiology-to-the-person-for-training-and-rehabilitation
#15
REVIEW
Claudio Pizzolato, David G Lloyd, Rod S Barrett, Jill L Cook, Ming H Zheng, Thor F Besier, David J Saxby
Musculoskeletal tissues respond to optimal mechanical signals (e.g., strains) through anabolic adaptations, while mechanical signals above and below optimal levels cause tissue catabolism. If an individual's physical behavior could be altered to generate optimal mechanical signaling to musculoskeletal tissues, then targeted strengthening and/or repair would be possible. We propose new bioinspired technologies to provide real-time biofeedback of relevant mechanical signals to guide training and rehabilitation...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091540/modulation-of-vertical-ground-reaction-impulse-with-real-time-biofeedback-a-feasibility-study
#16
Pawel R Golyski, Elizabeth M Bell, Elizabeth M Husson, Erik J Wolf, Brad D Hendershot
Given its apparent representation of cumulative (vs. peak) loads, this feasibility study investigates vertical ground reaction impulse (vGRI) as a real-time biofeedback variable for gait training aimed at reducing lower limb loading. Fifteen uninjured participants (mean age = 27 yrs) completed twelve 2-min trials, one at each combination of four walking speeds (1.0, 1.2, 1.4, and 1.6m/s) and three targeted reductions in vGRI (5, 10, and 15%) of the assigned ("target") limb, with the latter specified relative to an initial baseline (no feedback) condition at each speed...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080245/developing-brighthearts-a-pediatric-biofeedback-mediated-relaxation-app-to-manage-procedural-pain-and-anxiety
#17
Angela M Morrow, Karen L O Burton, Melissa M Watanabe, Benjamin H Cloyd, George P Khut
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a child-friendly biofeedback mediated relaxation device called "BrightHearts". METHODS: Qualitative data were collected at a tertiary pediatric hospital to inform an iterative design process. Clinicians participated in expert group interviews to identify practical considerations which would facilitate the use of BrightHearts during procedures and provide feedback on prototype designs. Children aged 7-18 years participated in interactive exhibitions of the prototypes and were interviewed about their experience using BrightHearts...
October 27, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078743/biofeedback-vs-game-scores-for-reducing-trunk-compensation-after-stroke-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#18
Bulmaro A Valdés, H F Machiel Van der Loos
Background Compensatory movements are commonly employed by stroke survivors, and their use can have negative effects on motor recovery. Current practices to reduce them rely on strapping a person to a chair. The use of technology to substitute or supplement this methodology has not being thoroughly investigated. Objective To compare the use of Scores + Visual + Force and Visual + Force feedback for reducing trunk compensation. Methods Fourteen hemiparetic stroke survivors performed bimanual reaching movements while receiving feedback on trunk compensation...
October 27, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078134/real-time-visual-biofeedback-during-weight-bearing-improves-therapy-compliance-in-patients-following-lower-extremity-fractures
#19
Marco Raaben, Herman R Holtslag, Luke P H Leenen, Robin Augustine, Taco J Blokhuis
BACKGROUND: Individuals with lower extremity fractures are often instructed on how much weight to bear on the affected extremity. Previous studies have shown limited therapy compliance in weight bearing during rehabilitation. In this study we investigated the effect of real-time visual biofeedback on weight bearing in individuals with lower extremity fractures in two conditions: full weight bearing and touch-down weight bearing. METHODS: 11 participants with full weight bearing and 12 participants with touch-down weight bearing after lower extremity fractures have been measured with an ambulatory biofeedback system...
October 20, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064840/the-assessment-and-management-of-defecatory-dysfunction-a-critical-appraisal
#20
Leila Neshatian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the advances in diagnostic modalities and management options for defecatory dysfunction and highlight the areas in need of further research. RECENT FINDINGS: The diagnostic utility of high-resolution anorectal manometry (ARM), which has emerged as a promising tool for the diagnosis of defecatory dysfunction, appears to be questionable in differentiating disease from normal physiology. There also seems to be discrepancy between results of various tests of anorectal function in the diagnosis of defecatory dysfunction...
October 23, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
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