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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338060/biofeedback-effect-of-hybrid-assistive-limb-in-stroke-rehabilitation-a-proof-of-concept-study-using-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#1
Kazuya Saita, Takashi Morishita, Hisatomi Arima, Koichi Hyakutake, Toshiyasu Ogata, Kenji Yagi, Etsuji Shiota, Tooru Inoue
INTRODUCTION: Robot-assisted rehabilitation has been increasingly drawing attention in the field of neurorehabilitation. The hybrid assistive limb (HAL) is an exoskeleton robot developed based on the "interactive biofeedback" theory, and several studies have shown its efficacy for patients with stroke. We aimed to investigate the mechanisms of the facilitative effect of neurorehabilitation using a single-joint HAL (HAL-SJ) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subacute stroke patients admitted to our hospital were assessed in this study for HAL eligibility...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336213/heart-versus-head-differential-bodily-feedback-causally-alters-economic-decision-making
#2
Philip A Powell, Kaisa Puustinen-Hopper, Martin de Jode, Panagiotis Mavros, Jennifer Roberts
Metaphorically, altruistic acts, such as monetary donations, are said to be driven by the heart, whereas sound financial investments are guided by reason, embodied by the head. In a unique experiment, we tested the effects of these bodily metaphors using biofeedback and an incentivized economic decision-making paradigm. Participants played a repeated investment game with a simulated partner, alternating between tactical investor and altruistic investee. When making decisions, participants received counterbalanced visual feedback from their own or a simulated partner's heart or head, as well as no feedback...
October 1, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333483/how-heart-rate-variability-affects-emotion-regulation-brain-networks
#3
Mara Mather, Julian Thayer
Individuals with high heart rate variability tend to have better emotional well-being than those with low heart rate variability, but the mechanisms of this association are not yet clear. In this paper, we propose the novel hypothesis that by inducing oscillatory activity in the brain, high amplitude oscillations in heart rate enhance functional connectivity in brain networks associated with emotion regulation. Recent studies using daily biofeedback sessions to increase the amplitude of heart rate oscillations suggest that high amplitude physiological oscillations have a causal impact on emotional well-being...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332030/what-is-a-more-effective-method-of-cranio-cervical-flexion-exercises
#4
Junhyung Park, Do-Heung Ko, Jingang Her, Jihea Woo
BACKGROUND: Cranio-cervical flexion exercise (CCFE) is a representative exercise that activates the deep muscles of neck pain patients. However, there are a lack of studies that propose specific exercise methods to examine the more effective activity level of the deep cervical flexor. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to propose a more effective exercise method through effect comparison based on an optimal degree of mouth-opening, a mouth-open versus mouth-closed position, eye gaze, and body position change during CCFE...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313107/treatment-possibilities-for-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Audrius Dulskas, Edgaras Smolskas, Inga Kildusiene, Narimantas E Samalavicius
AIM: Up to 80% of patients after low anterior resection, experience (low) anterior resection syndrome (ARS/LARS). However, there is no standard treatment option currently available. This systemic review aims to summarize treatment possibilities for LARS after surgical treatment of rectal cancer in the medical literature. METHODS: Embase, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library were searched using the terms anterior resection syndrome, low anterior resection, colorectal/rectal/rectum, surgery/operation, pelvic floor rehabilitation, biofeedback, transanal irrigation, sacral nerve stimulation, and tibial nerve stimulation...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307738/adding-hrv-biofeedback-to-psychotherapy-increases-heart-rate-variability-and-improves-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Yoko Tsui Caldwell, Patrick R Steffen
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a significant marker of health outcomes with decreased HRV predicting increased disease risk. HRV is decreased in major depressive disorder (MDD) but existing treatments for depression do not return heart rate variability to normal levels even with successful treatment of depression. Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) increases heart rate variability but no studies to date have examined whether combining HRVB with psychotherapy improves outcome in MDD treatment. The present study used a randomized controlled design to compare the effects of HRVB combined with psychotherapy on MDD relative to a psychotherapy treatment as usual group and to a non-depressed control group...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305025/visual-knee-kinetic-biofeedback-technique-normalizes-gait-abnormalities-during-high-demand-mobility-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Jesse C Christensen, Paul C LaStayo, Robin L Marcus, Gregory J Stoddard, K Bo Foreman, Ryan L Mizner, Christopher L Peters, Christopher E Pelt
BACKGROUND: Abnormal knee mechanics frequently follow total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery with these deficits amplifying as task demands increase. Knee-kinetic biofeedback could provide a means of attenuating gait abnormalities. The purposes of this study were as follows: (1) to describe the gait characteristic differences between patients with TKA and non-TKA adults during level (low-demand) and decline (high-demand) walking; and (2) where differences existed, to determine the impact of knee-kinetic biofeedback on normalizing these abnormalities...
January 2, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297147/one-year-cardiovascular-prognosis-of-the-randomized-controlled-short-term-heart-rate-variability-biofeedback-among-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#8
Li-Ching Yu, I-Mei Lin, Sheng-Yu Fan, Chin-Lung Chien, Tsung-Hsien Lin
PURPOSE: Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRV-BF) is an effective psychophysiological intervention, with short-term effects of increased autonomic nervous system homeostasis, strengthened baroreflex sensitivity, and decreased hostility in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The study examined the 1-year HRV-BF effect on cardiovascular prognosis of these patients. METHODS: Of 222 patients with CAD referred by cardiologists, 210 were screened and randomly assigned to the HRV-BF and control groups...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294552/-clinical-effect-of-electroencephalographic-biofeedback-therapy-in-treatment-of-memory-disorders-in-patients-with-acute-severe-toxic-encephalopathy
#9
M L Sun, D M Shi, J Wang, N Y Li, Y Tong
Objective: To investigate the clinical effect and safety of electroencephalographic biofeedback therapy in improving memory disorders in patientsin the recovery stage of acute severe toxic encephalopathy. Methods: A total of 52 patients in the recovery stage of acute severe toxic encephalopathy who were hospitalized in our hospital from March 2013 to December 2016 were enrolled and randomly divided into observation group with 27 patients and control group with 25 patients. Both groups were given the drugs to promote the metabolism of brain cells,and the patients in the observation group were given electroencephalographic biofeedback therapy in addition...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291129/does-dynamic-stability-govern-propulsive-force-generation-in-human-walking
#10
Michael G Browne, Jason R Franz
Before succumbing to slower speeds, older adults may walk with a diminished push-off to prioritize stability over mobility. However, direct evidence for trade-offs between push-off intensity and balance control in human walking, independent of changes in speed, has remained elusive. As a critical first step, we conducted two experiments to investigate: (i) the independent effects of walking speed and propulsive force (FP) generation on dynamic stability in young adults, and (ii) the extent to which young adults prioritize dynamic stability in selecting their preferred combination of walking speed and FP generation...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289531/epileptic-seizures-are-reduced-by-autonomic-biofeedback-therapy-through-enhancement-of-fronto-limbic-connectivity-a-controlled-trial-and-neuroimaging-study
#11
Yoko Nagai, Julia Aram, Matthias Koepp, Louis Lemieux, Marco Mula, Hugo Critchley, Sanjay Sisodiya, Mara Cercignani
BACKGROUND: Thirty-percent of patients with epilepsy are drug-resistant, and might benefit from effective noninvasive therapeutic interventions. Evidence is accumulating on the efficacy of autonomic biofeedback therapy using galvanic skin response (GSR; an index of sympathetic arousal) in treating epileptic seizures. This study aimed to extend previous controlled clinical trials of autonomic biofeedback therapy with a larger homogeneous sample of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. In addition, we used neuroimaging to characterize neural mechanisms of change in seizure frequency following the therapy...
December 13, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280115/-pelvic-floor-biofeedback-therapy-in-pelvic-floor-diseases
#12
Shuqing Ding
Pelvic floor biofeedback therapy is safe and effective in chronic constipation, urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence and pelvic floor pain whereas the heterogeneous indication affects the efficacy evaluation and technical communication. The best indications are as follows: (1) Pelvic floor myogenic dysfunction without severe pelvic organ prolapse and severe neurogenic defect; (2) Patients have good mental cognition and treatment adherence who fulfill the training with the therapist. The training protocol is conducted at hospital or at home, and is as follows: (1) To help patients to target the pelvic floor muscles; (2) To improve the type I( muscle tonic contraction variability; (3) To improve the pelvic floor type I( and type II( muscles activity coordination; (4) To enhance the pelvic floor muscle strength and rectum defecation awareness...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278967/physiotherapy-methods-to-facilitate-pelvic-floor-muscle-contraction-a-systematic-review
#13
Elaine Cristine Lemes Mateus-Vasconcelos Pt PhD, Aline Moreira Ribeiro Pt MSc, Flávia Ignácio Antônio Pt PhD, Luiz Gustavo de Oliveira Brito PhD, Cristine Homsi Jorge Ferreira
AIM: To undertake a systematic review of the literature on physical therapy methods to facilitate voluntary pelvic floor muscles (PFM) contraction. METHODS: The databases consulted were PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PEDro and CINHAL. The study included randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental trials and systematic reviews. The GRADE scale was used to assess methodological quality...
December 26, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277091/-bloating
#14
REVIEW
Hyun Jik Lee, Kyung Sik Park
Bloating is one of the most common and troublesome problems in a large proportion of patients with gastrointestinal disorders but the mechanism is not completely understood. Several factors, including gas-producing intestinal microbiota, disturbed handling of intestinal gas, visceral hypersensitivity, abnormal viscero-somatic responses, fermentable diet, and psychological factors, have been suggested as mechanisms. For an assessment, thorough medical history-taking and physical examination are the first steps...
December 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277089/-rumination
#15
REVIEW
Moo In Park
Rumination syndrome is one of the functional gastroduodenal disorders. Effortless and repetitive regurgitation of recently ingested food from the stomach to the oral cavity followed by rechewing and reswallowing or spitting are the characteristic clinical features. This disorder is believed to be uncommon, but many patients with this disorder are overlooked by their physicians. Rumination might be caused by a reversal of the gastric contents through the esophagogastric junction, which is initiated by an increase in intragastric pressure...
December 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247981/exploring-the-clinical-use-of-ultrasound-imaging-a-survey-of-physiotherapists-in-new-zealand
#16
Richard Ellis, Rachael De Jong, Sandra Bassett, Jake Helsby, Maria Stokes, Mindy Cairns
BACKGROUND: In New Zealand ultrasound imaging (USI) is being used increasingly by physiotherapists. To fully understand the extent to which physiotherapists in New Zealand are using USI, it is necessary to evaluate not only the context of its clinical use but also the barriers preventing its uptake. OBJECTIVES: To examine the field and scope of use of USI, the type and content of training and the barriers restricting physiotherapists from using the technique. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational design utilising an Internet-based electronic survey...
December 8, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245113/the-temporal-relationship-between-activity-of-the-pelvic-floor-muscles-and-motion-of-selected-urogenital-landmarks-in-healthy-nulliparous-women
#17
Stéphanie Thibault-Gagnon, Cindy Auchincloss, Ryan Graham, Linda McLean
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between pelvic floor muscle (PFM) electromyographic (EMG) activation and urogenital landmark motion measured using 2D transperineal ultrasound (US) imaging. METHODS: Eight healthy, nulliparous women performed maximum voluntary PFM contractions while EMG and transperineal US images were acquired simultaneously. Changes in the levator plate length (LPL), bladder neck (BN) position and urethral position were determined by visual inspection...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227162/electromyography-biofeedback-exergames-to-enhance-grip-strength-and-motivation
#18
Nadia Garcia-Hernandez, Karen Garza-Martinez, Vicente Parra-Vega
BACKGROUND: Hand strength weakness affects the performance of most activities of daily living. This study aims to design, develop, and test an electromyography (EMG) biofeedback training system based on serious games to promote motivation and synchronization and proper work intensity in grip exercises for improving hand strength. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An EMG surface sensor, soft balls with different stiffness and three exergames, conforms the system to drive videogame clues in response to EMG-inferred grip strength, while overseeing motivation...
December 11, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205977/evaluation-of-combined-effects-of-brain-electronic-biofeedback-training-and-psycho-behavior-intervention-in-adhd-affected-children
#19
Jiao Chen, Xiaoming Liu, Dongli Zhang
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to explore the potential effects of brain electronic biofeedback training in combination with psycho-behavior intervention during non-medical treatment of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: The children with ADHD admitted to our department from January 2015 to January 2016 were selected as the study subjects. All the cases met the standard of Chinese classification of mental disorders criterion and were divided into two groups -- the control group and the observation group, with 15 cases in each group...
December 4, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200649/the-effects-of-whole-body-vibration-combined-biofeedback-postural-control-training-on-the-balance-ability-and-gait-ability-in-stroke-patients
#20
Yo-Han Uhm, Dae-Jung Yang
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of biofeedback postural control training using whole body vibration in acute stroke patients on balance and gait ability. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty stroke patients participated in this study and were divided into a group of 10, a group for biofeedback postural control training combined with a whole body vibration, one for biofeedback postural control training combined with an aero-step, and one for biofeedback postural control training. Biorescue was used to measure the limits of stability, balance ability, and Lukotronic was used to measure step length, gait ability...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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