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osseous tumor markers

Pan Tang, Yu Gu, Jia-Ming Gu, Zi-Ang Xie, Jia-Qi Xu, Xiang-De Zhao, Kang-Mao Huang, Ji-Ying Wang, Xue-Sheng Jiang, Shun-Wu Fan, Zhi-Jun Hu
STUDY DESIGN: A rat model of multifidus muscles injury and atrophy after posterior lumbar spine surgery. OBJECTIVE: We determined the effect of ascorbic acid (AA) on the postoperative multifidus muscles in rat model. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies show oxidative stress and inflammation are two main molecular mechanisms in multifidus muscle injury and atrophy after posterior lumbar surgery. AA may have a protective effect in postoperative multifidus muscles...
April 11, 2018: Spine
Melda Onal, Alex H Carlson, Jeff D Thostenson, Nancy A Benkusky, Mark B Meyer, Seong M Lee, J Wesley Pike
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) production is regulated by both calciotropic hormones and inflammation. Consistent with this, elevated FGF23 levels are associated with inflammatory markers as well as parathyroid hormone (PTH) in various disease states, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the molecular mechanisms underpinning Fgf23 transcription in response to these regulators are largely unknown. We therefore utilized chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by DNA sequencing (ChIP-seq) data from an osteocyte cell line to identify potential regulatory regions of the Fgf23 gene...
January 2018: JBMR Plus
Chiun-Wei Huang, Wen-Chuan Hsieh, Shih-Ting Hsu, Yi-Wen Lin, Yi-Hsiu Chung, Wen-Chi Chang, Han Chiu, Yun Han Lin, Chung-Pu Wu, Tzu-Chen Yen, Feng-Ting Huang
PURPOSE: Growing evidence has demonstrated that aberrant expression of integrin α2β1 might contribute to the invasion, metastasis and drug resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Thus, the integrin α2β1 targeting68 Ga-DOTA-A2B1 tracer was validated in NSCLC in contrast to accumulation of the clinically used18 F-FDG PET tracer to see if68 Ga-DOTA-A2B1-PET imaging can offer a valuable and critical diagnostic imaging criterion for the identification of phenotypes of aggressive lung cancer...
2017: Theranostics
Liza Lindenberg
Diagnosing bone metastases with traditional anatomic modalities, such as MRI and CT, is limited by sensitivity, and conventional bone radiotracers are only indirect markers of cancer activity. Fortunately, molecular imaging is uniquely capable of providing radiotracers such as fluciclovine and radiolabeled choline, that actually target tumors in the bone. The merits of research in imaging osseous metastases in animal models using these radiotracers and the implications for future clinical translation are discussed...
2017: Theranostics
Yuzuru Inoue, Fumi Joden, Kei Yabuki, Nagahiro Sato, Noritaka Minagawa, Takefumi Katsuki, Norihiro Sato, Takahisa Nagata, Kazunori Shibao, Atsuji Matsuyama, Takatoshi Aoki, Keiji Hirata
A 61-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of a right breast mass. A 19 mm hard mass was palpable in the A area of the right breast. A contrast-enhanced MRI showed rim enhancement at the peripheral region of the tumor, which was thought to represent the carcinoma component mainly at the periphery and the matrix component inside the tumor. A low density mass with rim enhancement at the peripheral region was observed in a contrast-enhanced CT, the same as in the MRI. Neither axillary lymph node metastasis nor distant metastasis was observed...
2017: Journal of UOEH
Mari I Suominen, Katja M Fagerlund, Jukka P Rissanen, Yvonne M Konkol, Jukka P Morko, ZhiQi Peng, Esa J Alhoniemi, Salla K Laine, Eva Corey, Dominik Mumberg, Karl Ziegelbauer, Sanna-Maria Käkönen, Jussi M Halleen, Robert L Vessella, Arne Scholz
Purpose: Radium-223 dichloride (radium-223, Xofigo), a targeted alpha therapy, is currently used for the treatment of patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) with bone metastases. This study examines the mode-of-action and antitumor efficacy of radium-223 in two prostate cancer xenograft models.Experimental Design: Mice bearing intratibial LNCaP or LuCaP 58 tumors were randomized into groups (n = 12-17) based on lesion grade and/or serum PSA level and administered radium-223 (300 kBq/kg) or vehicle, twice at 4-week intervals...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Timothy E Richardson, Maria-Magdalena Georgescu, Payal Kapur, Helena Hwang, Samuel L Barnett, Jack M Raisanen, Chunyu Cai, Kimmo J Hatanpaa
AIM: We describe a series of three diagnostically challenging, histologically similar fibro-osseous skull masses. METHODS: The cases were identified in our archives among 50,000 neuropathology specimens. A comprehensive review of the histological, immunohistochemical, ultrastructural, and imaging features as well as the clinical outcome was performed. RESULTS: The routine histology was similar in all 3 cases and showed spindle cell proliferations with frequent calcospheres or psammomatoid bodies...
May 2017: Clinical Neuropathology
S M Lansley, B Pedersen, C Robinson, R G Searles, G Sterrett, I van Bruggen, R A Lake, S E Mutsaers, C M Prêle
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an aggressive serosal tumor associated with asbestos exposure. We previously demonstrated that mesothelial cells differentiate into cells of different mesenchymal lineages and hypothesize that osseous tissue observed in a subset of MM patients is due to local differentiation of MM cells. In this study, the capacity of human and mouse MM cells to differentiate into osteoblast-like cells was determined in vitro using a functional model of bone nodule formation and in vivo using an established model of MM...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Carl Neuerburg, Theresa Loer, Lena Mittlmeier, Christina Polan, Zsuzsanna Farkas, Lesca Miriam Holdt, Sandra Utzschneider, Jens Schwiesau, Thomas M Grupp, Wolfgang Böcker, Attila Aszodi, Christian Wedemeyer, Christian Kammerlander
Aseptic loosening mediated by wear particle-induced osteolysis (PIO) remains the major cause of implant loosening in endoprosthetic surgery. The development of new vitamin E (α-tocopherol)-blended ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (VE-UHMWPE) with increased oxidation resistance and improved mechanical properties has raised hopes. Furthermore, regenerative approaches may be opened, as vitamin E supplementation has shown neuroprotective characteristics mediated via calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), which is known to affect bone remodeling in PIO...
December 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Silvia Mangiacavalli, A Pompa, V Ferretti, C Klersy, F Cocito, M Varettoni, C S Cartia, M Cazzola, A Corso
Extramedullary relapse (EMR) represents a poor prognostic marker in the course of multiple myeloma (MM). We reviewed data from 329 patients, diagnosed between 2000 and 2010, without extramedullary disease at onset to explore possible risk factors for EMR. The median overall survival of our study cohort was 6.4 years. The risk of EMR was 28 % with a median time from diagnosis to first EMR of 2.2 years (0.2-9.1 years). Patients with soft tissue masses located in extra-osseous organs (EMR-S) showed the worst outcome, compared to those with tumor masses arising from adjacent bone (EMR-B) (median OS 1...
January 2017: Annals of Hematology
Christian Doehn, Viktor Grünwald, Thomas Steiner, Markus Follmann, Heidrun Rexer, Susanne Krege
BACKGROUND: In 2014, 15 500 persons in Germany were given the diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma. This disease is the third most common cancer of the urogenital system. The mean age at diagnosis is 68 years in men and 71 in men. METHODS: Pertinent publications up to 2014 were retrieved by a systematic literature search and reviewed in a moderated, formalized consensus process. Key questions were generated and answered by the adaptation of existing international guidelines, on the basis of an independent literature review, and by expert consensus...
September 5, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Giovanni Falconieri, Palmina Cataldi, Rajko Kavalar, Vesna Štitič, Boštjan Luzar
We report 2 cases of primary dermal osteosarcoma. The patients were an 88-year-old man and a 72-year-old man complaining of masses occurring in the ear pavilion and the palm, deemed suspicious for basal cell carcinoma and metastatic colonic carcinoma, and were treated by resection. Microscopically, both featured a dermal lesion mostly composed of atypical spindle cells within a fibrous to hyaline matrix often showing mineralization. Osteoid material was rimmed by atypical tumor cells and was also associated with osteoclast-like giant cells...
November 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Shawn C Maclary, Sambit K Mohanty, Shikha Bose, Fai Chung, Bonnie L Balzer
CONTEXT: In the United States, it is estimated that 100,000 people are living with metastatic breast cancer (BC) with bone representing the most common site of involvement. However, patients with isolated bone metastasis at presentation may have a longer survival. Therapeutic options for BC bone metastases often include systemic anticancer therapy (endocrine, chemotherapy, monoclonal antibodies, and/or other targeted therapies), which is largely dependent on the immunohistochemical (IHC) repertoire of the cancer for the prognostic markers [estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR), Ki-67, p53, and Her-2/neu] at its osseous metastatic site...
February 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Maxime Guérin, Juliette Thariat, Mounia Ouali, Corinne Bouvier, Anne-Valérie Decouvelaere, Elisabeth Cassagnau, Sébastien Aubert, Sébastien Lepreux, Jean-Michel Coindre, Séverine Valmary-Degano, Frédérique Larousserie, Julie Meilleroux, Fabrice Projetti, Nathalie Stock, Christine Galant, Béatrice Marie, Isabelle Peyrottes, Gonzague de Pinieux, Anne Gomez-Brouchet
In contrast to long bone osteosarcoma, mandibular osteosarcoma is highly heterogeneous and morphologically overlaps with benign tumors, obscuring diagnosis and treatment selection. Molecular characterization is difficult due to the paucity of available specimens of this rare disease. We aimed to characterize the spectrum of mandibular osteosarcoma using immunohistochemistry and molecular techniques (quantitative polymerase chain reaction and sequencing) and compare them with benign fibro-osseous lesions. Forty-nine paraffin-embedded mandible osteosarcoma tissue samples were collected retrospectively and compared with 10 fibrous dysplasia and 15 ossifying fibroma cases...
April 2016: Human Pathology
Nazia Mashriqi, Jaya Kranthi Gujjarlapudi, Jagmohan Sidhu, Michael Zur, Madhuri Yalamanchili
INTRODUCTION: Ewing's sarcoma belongs to a spectrum of neoplastic diseases known as Ewing's family of tumors. This family of tumors is usually seen in osseous sites. Ewing's sarcoma of the cervix is extremely rare, with only 18 cases reported in the English literature. The immunohistochemical profile of Ewing's sarcoma overlaps with other malignancies like small cell carcinoma. The rarity and complex pathologic picture of Ewing's sarcoma of the cervix creates the potential for misdiagnosis...
November 9, 2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Naoki Niikura, Jun Hashimoto, Toshiki Kazama, Jun Koizumi, Rin Ogiya, Mayako Terao, Risa Oshitanai, Toru Morioka, Banri Tsuda, Takuho Okamura, Yuki Saito, Keiko Iwaisako, Takayuki Iwamoto, Naoki Hayashi, Yutaka Imai, Yutaka Tokuda
BACKGROUND: We prospectively compared the diagnostic accuracies of PET/CT and BS in patients with suspected bone metastases from breast cancer. METHODS: This single-institution prospective study included consecutive patients with suspected bone metastases from biopsy-proven breast cancer seen at Tokai University Hospital between September 2011 and March 2014. Inclusion criteria included suspicions for bone metastases (bone pain, elevated alkaline phosphatase, elevated tumor markers, or suspected bone metastases by BS)...
July 2016: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Regan Ferraro, Ankit Agarwal, Erica L Martin-Macintosh, Patrick J Peller, Rathan M Subramaniam
Multiple myeloma is a common hematologic malignancy among the elderly population. Although there have been many advances in treatment over the past few decades, the overall prognosis for the disease remains poor. Conventional radiography has long been the standard of reference for the imaging of multiple myeloma. However, 10%-20% of patients with multiple myeloma do not have evidence of disease at conventional radiography. There is a growing body of evidence supporting use of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and 2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in diagnosis and management of multiple myeloma...
March 2015: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Mingxia Chen, Wei Zhang, Jianli Qu, Lei Li, Qing Sun
Bone epithelioid angiosarcoma (EA) is rare and characterized by large, mildly to moderately pleomorphic epithelioid cells, with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, vesicular nuclei, and prominent nucleoli. The tumors may arise in various locations in bone and the patients may present with unifocal or multifocal osseous disease. We present a unifocal lesion case of EA of the ilium in a 62-year-old woman. A needle biopsy of the ilium was performed and first diagnosed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma based on CKpan and CK18 immunopositivity...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Y Inagaki, T G Kashima, E S Hookway, Y Tanaka, A B Hassan, U Oppermann, N A Athanasou
Dentine matrix protein 1 (DMP-1) is a non-collagenous matrix protein found in dentine and bone. It is highly expressed by osteocytes and has been identified in primary benign and malignant osteogenic bone tumours. Bone formation and matrix mineralisation are seen in a variety of benign and malignant soft tissue tumours and tumour-like lesions, and in this study, we analysed immunohistochemically the DMP-1 expression in a wide range of soft tissue lesions (n = 254) in order to assess whether DMP-1 expression is useful in the histological diagnosis of soft tissue tumours...
April 2015: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Wen-Xi Du, Shu-Fang Duan, Jun-Jie Chen, Jie-Feng Huang, Li-Ming Yin, Pei-Jian Tong
OBJECTIVE: Bone metastasis was common in patients with malignant tumors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (B-ALP) as a biomarker in the diagnosis of osseous metastases in patients with cancers. METHODS: We searched the databases of Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Medline, CNKI and Wanfang to screen the relevant articles about the serum B-ALP detection in the diagnosis of osseous metastases in patients with malignant carcinomas...
November 2014: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
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