Read by QxMD icon Read

Hiv and manitoba

Souradet Y Shaw, Laurie Ireland, Leigh M McClarty, Carla Loeppky, Nancy Yu, John L Wylie, Jared Bullard, Paul Van Caeseele, Yoav Keynan, Ken Kasper, James F Blanchard, Marissa L Becker
Understanding patterns of serological testing for hepatitis B & C, and syphilis among HIV-positive individuals, prior to HIV diagnosis, can inform HIV diagnosis, engagement and prevention strategies. This was a population-based, retrospective analysis of prior serological testing among HIV-positive individuals in Manitoba, Canada. HIV cases were age-, sex- and region-matched to HIV-negative controls at a 1:5 ratio. Conditional logistic regression was used to examine previous serological tests and HIV status...
June 23, 2016: AIDS Care
Y Keynan, Z V Rueda, K Bresler, M Becker, K Kasper
Human leucocyte antigen (HLA) alleles influence the rate of CD4 decline among HIV-infected individuals. We investigated the association between HLA B35 and HLA B51 and the rate of CD4 decline and/or opportunistic infections, among 294 HIV-positive individuals from Manitoba, Canada. All individuals presenting with a CD4 count >200 cells μL(-1) , who had at least two CD4 counts, and no evidence of co-infection were included. Individuals bearing HLA B35 or HLA B51 were compared to controls. A multivariate model demonstrated that HLA B35 allele was associated with a hazard ratio of 2...
October 2015: International Journal of Immunogenetics
Adam Erickson, Marissa Becker, Souradet Shaw, Ken Kasper, Yoav Keynan
The high prevalence of substance use among HIV-infected individuals creates numerous challenges to patient care. This study was undertaken in order to understand the impact of substance use on care outcomes for HIV-infected individuals in Manitoba. Clinical records of 564 HIV-infected individuals in care at Health Sciences Centre in Winnipeg, Manitoba were reviewed. Clinical data were extracted from patient charts for substance users (illicit substance users, alcohol abusers and chronic users of opioids or benzodiazepines) and non-users...
2015: AIDS Care
Yoav Keynan, Marissa Becker, Zulma Rueda, Kim Bresler, Ken Kasper
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection is associated with variable rates of disease progression, influenced by the quality of CD8 T-lymphocyte response, which is determined by human leukocyte antigen (HLA) I alleles. Some individuals progress slowly and maintain viral control, while at the opposite end of the spectrum some individuals endure a faster progression with rapid CD4 decline. We sought to determine the role of HLA-B allele frequency on rapid HIV disease progression...
July 2015: Infectious Diseases
Suellen Hopfer, Xianming Tan, John L Wylie
OBJECTIVES: We assessed whether a meaningful set of latent risk profiles could be identified in an inner-city population through individual and network characteristics of substance use, sexual behaviors, and mental health status. METHODS: Data came from 600 participants in Social Network Study III, conducted in 2009 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. We used latent class analysis (LCA) to identify risk profiles and, with covariates, to identify predictors of class. RESULTS: A 4-class model of risk profiles fit the data best: (1) solitary users reported polydrug use at the individual level, but low probabilities of substance use or concurrent sexual partners with network members; (2) social-all-substance users reported polydrug use at the individual and network levels; (3) social-noninjection drug users reported less likelihood of injection drug and solvent use; (4) low-risk users reported low probabilities across substances...
May 2014: American Journal of Public Health
Souradet Y Shaw, Ann M Jolly, John L Wylie
OBJECTIVE: We previously identified a high prevalence of Hepatitis C (HCV) amongst solvent-using injection drug users (S-IDU) relative to other injection drug users within the same locality. Here we incorporated social network variables to better characterize some of the behavioural characteristics that may be putting this specific subgroup of IDU at elevated disease risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of at-risk populations was carried out in Winnipeg, Canada in 2009...
2014: PloS One
Marissa L Becker, Laura H Thompson, Carla Pindera, Natalie Bridger, Carmen Lopez, Yoav Keynan, Jared Bullard, Paul Van Caseele, Ken Kasper
BACKGROUND: Approximately 26% of Canadians living with HIV are unaware of their status. Point-of-care (POC) HIV tests have been introduced to simplify and expand HIV testing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of POC testing in an emergency department (ED) setting in Winnipeg, Manitoba. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of unselected adults presenting to the ED at the Health Sciences Centre Hospital (Winnipeg, Manitoba) was performed...
2013: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Allen Kraut, Randy Fransoo, Kendiss Olafson, Clare D Ramsey, Marina Yogendran, Allan Garland
BACKGROUND: Prior studies of patients leaving hospital against medical advice (AMA) have been limited by not being population-based or assessing only one type of patient. METHODS: We used administrative data at the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy to evaluate all adult residents of Manitoba, Canada discharged alive from acute care hospitals between April 1, 1990 and February 28, 2009. We identified the rate of leaving AMA, and used multivariable logistic regression to identify socio-demographic and diagnostic variables associated with leaving AMA...
2013: BMC Health Services Research
Marissa L Becker, Ken Kasper, Carla Pindera, Mary Cheang, Debbie Rodger, Stephen Sanche, Stuart Skinner, M John Gill
BACKGROUND: The numbers and demographics of HIV-positive patients in care between 2003 and 2007 in the prairie provinces were examined. METHODS: Estimates of HIV-positive patients presenting to care between 2003 and 2007 were obtained from four clinic registries in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and southern Alberta. Detailed data were collected from clinical records of new patients in 2007. RESULTS: By the end of December 2007, 2263 HIV-positive persons were in care in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and southern Alberta...
2012: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Liz Creal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
L Sekla, G Hammond, R Tate, W Stackiw, G Eibisch, S Shewchook
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infections. DESIGN: An unlinked seroprevalence study on all 'left over' blood submitted for syphilis testing during three consecutive six month periods (April 1, 1990 to September 30, 1991). After the capture of demographic data, sera to be tested for antibodies were stripped of all personal identifiers and assigned a random number. The study fulfilled Canadian ethical guidelines. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with a valid Manitoba Health Services Commission number were included only once in a study year...
November 1992: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Journal Canadien des Maladies Infectieuses
Isabel Grant, Jonathan Glenn Betteridge
Two provincial Courts of Appeal have recently released unanimous decisions that clarify the law regarding the obligation imposed upon people living with HIV to disclose their HIV status prior to sexual relations. The decision of the Manitoba Court of Appeal in R v. Mabior and of the Quebec Court of Appeal in R c. D.C. must be seen against a background of increasing criminal prosecutions in Canada of people with HIV who allegedly do not disclose their HIV status to sexual partners. Since the first HIV non-disclosure prosecution in 1989, there have been over 120 prosecutions...
October 2011: HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2011: HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2010: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Adrienne F A Meyers, Keith R Fowke
This supplemental issue of the Journal of Infectious Diseases collects summaries of oral presentations on the phenomenon of natural immunity to human immunodeficiency virus type (HIV) infection that were given at the International Symposium on Natural Immunity to HIV in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, in November 2009.
November 1, 2010: Journal of Infectious Diseases
John L Wylie, Souradet Shaw, Emily DeRubeis, Ann Jolly
Diez Roux has used the concept of complex systems to describe approaches for the incorporation of social factors into health research. These systems consist of heterogeneous interdependent units that also exhibit emergent properties. The latter embodies the concept that the interdependent units interact with and affect each other such that the resulting properties are not simple aggregates of the individual-level properties. This paper reviews research from Manitoba with a view towards conceptualising and phrasing the observed patterns within a complex system framework...
December 2010: Sexually Transmitted Infections
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2009: HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2008: HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review
Alison Symington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2008: HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review
Glenn Betteridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2008: HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"