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puerperal eclampsia

W L Wright
Neurologic complications in a critically ill pregnant woman are uncommon but some of the complications (such as eclampsia) are unique to pregnancy and the puerperal period. Other neurologic complications (such as seizures in the setting of epilepsy) may worsen during pregnancy. Clinical signs and symptoms such as seizure, headache, weakness, focal neurologic deficits, and decreased level of consciousness require careful consideration of potential causes to ensure prompt treatment measures are instituted to prevent ongoing neurologic injury...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
S Bellizzi, H L Sobel, M Mathai, M Temmerman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relation between place and skilled birth attendance at birth and early neonatal mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis using data from Demographic and Health Surveys on obstetric complications. SETTING: Nine low and middle income countries between 2006 and 2013. POPULATION: 71 758 women aged 15-49 years. METHODS: A secondary analysis was carried out to investigate the occurrence and effect of obstetric complications on early neonatal mortality and association with place and attendance at birth...
November 15, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
C V Ananth, J A Lavery, A M Friedman, R J Wapner, J D Wright
OBJECTIVE: We examined rates of serious maternal complications in relation to severe pre-eclampsia based on the delivering hospital's annualised volume. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. POPULATION AND SETTING: Singleton deliveries (n = 25 782 235) in 439 hospitals in the USA. METHODS: Annualised hospital volume was categorised as 25-500, 501-1000, 1001-2000 and >2000. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of in-hospital maternal death and serious maternal complications, including puerperal cerebrovascular disorders, pulmonary oedema, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute renal, heart and liver failure, sepsis, haemorrhage and intubation in relation to severe pre-eclampsia...
October 21, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
J Prakash, P Pant, S Prakash, M Sivasankar, R Vohra, P K Doley, L K Pandey, U Singh
The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in pregnancy is declining in developing countries but still remains a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to analyze the changing trends in pregnancy related AKI (PR-AKI) over a period of thirty-three years. Clinical characteristics of PR-AKI with respect to incidence, etiology and fetal and maternal outcomes were compared in three study periods, namely 1982-1991,1992-2002 and 2003-2014. The incidence of PR-AKI decreased to 10...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Nephrology
Oroma B Nwanodi
Globally, preeclampsia-eclampsia (PE-E) is a major cause of puerperal intensive care unit admission, accounting for up to 10% of maternal deaths. PE-E primary prevention is possible. Antepartum low-dose aspirin prophylaxis, costing USD $10-24 can cut the incidence of PE-E in half. Antepartum low molecular weight heparin combined with low-dose aspirin prophylaxis can cut the incidence of early onset PE-E and fetuses that are small for their gestational age in half. Despite predictive antepartum models for PE-E prophylaxis, said prophylaxis is not routinely provided...
May 13, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Matthew J G Sigakis, Lisa R Leffert, Hooman Mirzakhani, Nadir Sharawi, Baskar Rajala, William M Callaghan, Elena V Kuklina, Andreea A Creanga, Jill M Mhyre, Brian T Bateman
BACKGROUND: Discharge diagnoses are used to track national trends and patterns of maternal morbidity. There are few data regarding the validity of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes used for this purpose. The goal of our study was to try to better understand the validity of administrative data being used to monitor and assess trends in morbidity. METHODS: Hospital stay billing records were queried to identify all delivery admissions at the Massachusetts General Hospital for the time period 2001 to 2011 and the University of Michigan Health System for the time period 2005 to 2011...
September 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
James N Martin
Timely and appropriate response to severe hypertension during gestation is an important component of quality, safe care for pregnant or puerperal mothers regardless of causation. The reduction of severe maternal morbidity and maternal mortality in the hypertensive mother is clearly enhanced by the addition of standard protocols for provider response to severe hypertension, particularly severe systolic hypertension. The program developed in New York State via the Safe Motherhood Initiative promotes the implementation of unit-specific safety bundles, especially one that is focused upon a standardized approach to handling the obstetric emergency of severe hypertension usually associated with preeclampsia/eclampsia...
March 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
Jai Prakash, Vijay Pratap Singh
Renal cortical necrosis (RCN) is characterized by patchy or diffuse ischemic destruction of all the elements of renal cortex resulting from significantly diminished renal arterial perfusion due to vascular spasm and microvascular injury. In addition, direct endothelial injury particularly in setting of sepsis, eclampsia, haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and snake bite may lead to endovascular thrombosis with subsequent renal ischemia. Progression to end stage renal disease is a rule in diffuse cortical necrosis...
November 6, 2015: World Journal of Nephrology
Arvind Goel, Manish R Maski, Surichhya Bajracharya, Julia B Wenger, Dongsheng Zhang, Saira Salahuddin, Sajid S Shahul, Ravi Thadhani, Ellen W Seely, S Ananth Karumanchi, Sarosh Rana
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of hypertension in the immediate postpartum period is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 988 consecutive women admitted to a tertiary medical center for cesarean section of a singleton pregnancy. The angiogenic factors soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 and placental growth factor, both biomarkers associated with preeclampsia, were measured on antepartum blood samples. We then performed multivariable analyses to determine factors associated with the risk of developing postpartum hypertension...
November 3, 2015: Circulation
L E Mignini, G Carroli, A P Betran, R Fescina, C Cuesta, L Campodonico, B De Mucio, K S Khan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of interpregnancy interval with maternal and offspring outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective study with data from the Perinatal Information System database of the Latin American Centre for Perinatology and Human Development, Uruguay. SETTING: Latin America, 1990-2009. POPULATION: A cohort of 894 476 women delivering singleton infants. METHODS: During 1990-2009 the Perinatal Information System database of the Latin American Centre for Perinatology identified 894 476 women with defined interpregnancy intervals: i...
April 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
S Easmin, T A Chowdhury, M R Islam, A Beg, M K Jahan, T Latif, S Dhar, M N Alam, M Akhter
Obstetric outcome in early onset and late onset GDM was compared in a prospective study conducted at the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology in BIRDEM, Dhaka, Bangladesh. A total 120 pregnant women were recruited purposively for the study in which 60 were early onset GDM and 60 were late onset GDM during study period of January 2008 to December 2009. Patients were followed up in different periods of gestation, during delivery and early postpartum period & findings were compared between two groups. BMI & family history of diabetes were significantly higher in early GDM group (p<0...
July 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Telma Cursino, Leila Katz, Isabela Coutinho, Melania Amorim
BACKGROUND: Hypertension affects about 10% of pregnancies and is responsible for both maternal and neonatal devastating complications such as eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, prematurity and maternal and neonatal death. The resolution of the disease occurs in the first twelve weeks postpartum. The behavior of blood pressure and occurrence of very high blood pressure episodes among women with severe preeclampsia is related to remodeling of the dynamics of body fluids with consequent increase in intravascular volume...
August 5, 2015: Reproductive Health
Zeynep Ozcan Dag, Yuksel Isik, Yakup Turkel, Murat Alpua, Yavuz Simsek
Preeclampsia is an entity that may present from 20th week of gestation up to 48 hours postpartum and is associated with hypertension and proteinuria. Eclampsia is emergence of convulsions pre-eclampsia in pregnant women with signs and symptoms. Recent studies showed that in some women, preeclampsia and even eclampsia may occur without hypertension or proteinuria. Here, we present a case of 26 years old women who had an uneventful pregnancy until 30 weeks' of gestation. She had only proteinuria in laboratory tests and was diagnosed as status epilepticus in early postpartum period...
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
Ghassan Al-Ostad, Abbas Kezouh, Andrea R Spence, Haim A Abenhaim
AIM: Maternal sepsis is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality around the world. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and mortality rate of sepsis, and the associated risk factors for their development during pregnancy, labor, delivery and the post-partum period. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study consisting of 5 million births that occurred in the USA. Data were obtained from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample (HCUP-NIS) database from 1998 to 2008...
August 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
O T Oladapo, O O Adetoro, B A Ekele, C Chama, S J Etuk, A P Aboyeji, H E Onah, A M Abasiattai, A N Adamu, O Adegbola, A S Adeniran, C O Aimakhu, O Akinsanya, L D Aliyu, A B Ande, A Ashimi, M Bwala, A Fabamwo, A D Geidam, J I Ikechebelu, J O Imaralu, O Kuti, D Nwachukwu, L Omo-Aghoja, K Tunau, J Tukur, Ouj Umeora, A C Umezulike, O A Dada, Ӧ Tunçalp, J P Vogel, A M Gülmezoglu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the burden and causes of life-threatening maternal complications and the quality of emergency obstetric care in Nigerian public tertiary hospitals. DESIGN: Nationwide cross-sectional study. SETTING: Forty-two tertiary hospitals. POPULATION: Women admitted for pregnancy, childbirth and puerperal complications. METHODS: All cases of severe maternal outcome (SMO: maternal near-miss or maternal death) were prospectively identified using the WHO criteria over a 1-year period...
May 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Tatyana Maria Silva de Souza Rosendo, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli
The scope of this study was to determine the prevalence of near misses and complications during pregnancy and the puerperal period, identifying the main clinical and intervention markers and socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with near misses. It involved a cross-sectional, population-based and probabilistic study with multi-stage complex sampling design conducted in Natal, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. A validated questionnaire was given to 848 women aged 15 to 49 identified in 8,227 households in 60 census sectors...
April 2015: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
A Amin, I Jones, O Eskandar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Naresh Pahwa, Rajesh Bharani, Ravindra Kumar
To determine the risk factors, course of hospital stay and mortality rate among women with post-partum acute kidney injury (AKI), we studied (of 752 patients with AKI admitted to a tertiary care center during the study period between November 2009 and August 2012) 27 (3.59%) women with post-partum AKI. The data regarding age, parity, cause of renal failure, course of hospital stay and requirement of dialysis were recorded. Sepsis was the major cause (70.3%) of post-partum AKI. Other causes included disseminated intravascular coagulation (55...
November 2014: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
K W Wahab, E O Sanya, B A Ademiluyi, A H Bello
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This is a case of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) associated with postpartum eclampsia in a primiparous Nigerian. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old primiparous woman presented to the emergency unit of the department of obstetrics and gynaecology of our hospital with symptoms and signs consistent with postpartum eclampsia. While being managed for this, she developed weakness of the left limbs with associated altered sensorium...
September 2014: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
Seema Bibi, Saima Ghaffar, Shazia Memon, Shaneela Memon
BACKGROUND: Postpartum period is the critically important part of obstetric care but most neglected period for majority of Pakistani women. Only life threatening complications compel them to seek for tertiary hospital care. We describe the nature of these obstetric morbidities in order to help policymakers in improving prevailing situation. OBJECTIVE: To find out the frequency and causes of severe post-partum maternal morbidity requiring tertiary hospital care and to identify the demographic and obstetrical risk factors and adverse fetal outcome in women suffering from obstetric morbidities...
March 2012: Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine
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