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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145323/the-effectiveness-of-2-consecutive-intra-articular-polydeoxyribonucleotide-injections-compared-with-intra-articular-triamcinolone-for-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-a-strobe-complaint-retrospective-study
#1
Donghwi Park, Kwang Jae Yu, Ju Young Cho, Seung Beom Woo, Junu Park, Zeeihn Lee, Jong Min Kim
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of intra-articular injection of polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN), compared with intraarticular triamcinolone (TA) injection, in subacute stroke patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP).Participants were subacute stroke patients with HSP who had undergone 2 consecutive intra-articular injections of TA or PDRN.Numeric rating scale (NRS) and passive range of motion (PROM) of hemiplegic shoulder were evaluated until 4 weeks after 2nd injection.In the results, there were significant improvements in all PROM measures 2 weeks after the second injection, compared with pre-injection results, in both groups (P < ...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145316/application-of-ultrasound-guided-c5-nerve-root-block-using-polydeoxyribonucleotide-in-traumatic-c5-nerve-root-injury-caused-by-fracture-of-the-articular-process-of-the-cervical-spine-a-case-report
#2
Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Cervical nerve root injury is one of the complications of traumatic cervical spine fracture. Although one of the most effective treatments to reduce inflammation in nerve root injuries is the use of corticosteroids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids and NSAIDs can inhibit bone healing. So, when nerve injury accompanies bone fractures, corticosteroids and NSAIDs have limitations as therapeutic agents. However, polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) may be useful in the treatment of neuropathy or musculoskeletal pain patients with contraindication of the use of corticosteroids because of its anti-inflammatory effect, as revealed in previous studies...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145279/osteosarcoma-in-the-coracoid-process-that-mimicked-an-osteochondroma-a-case-report
#3
Zhiping Luo, Conglin Ye, Hong-Xun Sang
RATIONALE: Osteosarcomas are the most common primary malignant bone tumors in children and young adults; these tumors often affect the metaphyses of long bones such as the proximal humerus, proximal tibia, and distal femur. In contrast, osteosarcoma of the coracoid process is extremely rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we describe a case of osteosarcoma affecting the coracoid process in a 40-year-old woman. The patient presented with shoulder pain, weakness, and an inability to raise her left arm...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144771/bursal-sided-rotator-cuff-tears-simple-versus-everted-type
#4
Hwan Jin Kim, Jung Youn Kim, Young Moon Kee, Yong Girl Rhee
BACKGROUND: No studies have focused on the everted type of bursal-sided partial-thickness rotator cuff tears (PTRCTs). PURPOSE: To evaluate the radiological characteristics, arthroscopic findings, and clinical and structural outcomes after arthroscopic repair of the everted type of bursal-sided PTRCTs. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Two groups of patients with bursal-sided PTRCTs (simple type, 25 shoulders; everted type, 25 shoulders) were enrolled...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143397/marginal-fit-comparison-of-cad-cam-crowns-milled-from-two-different-materials
#5
Atousa Azarbal, Mohsen Azarbal, Robert L Engelmeier, Thomas C Kunkel
PURPOSE: To evaluate the marginal fit of CAD/CAM copings milled from hybrid ceramic (Vita Enamic) blocks and lithium disilicate (IPS e.max CAD) blocks, and to evaluate the effect of crystallization firing on the marginal fit of lithium disilicate copings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A standardized metal die with a 1-mm-wide shoulder finish line was imaged using the CEREC AC Bluecam. The coping was designed using CEREC 3 software. The design was used to fabricate 15 lithium disilicate and 15 hybrid ceramic copings...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143224/investigation-of-dna-transfer-onto-clothing-during-regular-daily-activities
#6
Travis Ruan, Mark Barash, Peter Gunn, David Bruce
Low levels of DNA from an unidentified human source, often referred to as trace DNA, are ubiquitous, can be transferred onto objects by either direct or indirect methods and have an unknown longevity in situ. Clothing items from crime scenes are often submitted for trace DNA analysis, usually in attempt to identify a person of interest. This study examined the transfer of DNA onto three 10 × 10 cm areas located on the front, back and shoulder of an individual's external clothing (n = 300) during a regular day's activity...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141613/determinants-of-patient-satisfaction-following-reconstructive-shoulder-surgery
#7
Sascha J Baettig, Karl Wieser, Christian Gerber
BACKGROUND: Obtaining patient satisfaction is a key goal of surgical treatment. It was the purpose of this study to identify pre-, peri- and postoperative factors determining patient satisfaction after shoulder surgery, quantify their relative importance and thereby allow the surgeon to focus on parameters, which will influence patient satisfaction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 505 patients, who underwent either rotator cuff repair (n = 216) or total shoulder arthroplasty (n = 289)...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141513/alternative-scapular-stabilization-exercises-to-target-strength-endurance-and-function-of-shoulders-in-tetraplegia-a-prospective-time-series-study
#8
Carolina Lins, Alex Castro, Giovanna I S Medina, Eliza R F B M Azevedo, Bruno S Donato, Marina S S Chagas, Janaína Roland Tancredo, Letícia Vargas de Almeida, Alberto Cliquet
OBJECTIVE: Scapular stabilization exercises (SSE) are well-established for the able-bodies. The aim of the current study is to access the potential benefits of SSE on isometric internal and external rotator strength, endurance and function of the shoulder in persons with tetraplegia, throughout a 12-week exercise program consisting of five resisted movements with elastic bands. DESIGN: Prospective non-controlled intervention study. Setting/Participants/Interventions: A convenience sample of 17 subjects (age, 40...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140632/grain-entrapment-pressure-on-the-torso-can-you-breathe-while-buried-in-grain
#9
Kevin G Moore, Carol L Jones
The pressure applied to the chest and back of a simulated grain entrapment victim was measured. Pressure sensors were attached to the chest and back of a manikin that was buried in grain in the vertical position. Measurements were made in four grain types at four grain depths ranging from the top of the manikin's shoulders to 0.61 m (24 in.) over the head. The pressure ranged from 1.6 to 4.0 kPa (0.23 to 0.57 psi). Based on available physiological information, this amount of pressure is unlikely to limit the respiration of an otherwise healthy adult male victim...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140369/wear-at-the-implant-abutment-interface-of-zirconia-abutments-manufactured-by-three-cad-cam-systems
#10
Ana Luiza Pinheiro Tannure, Alfredo Gonçalves Cunha, Luiz Antônio Borges Junior, Laís Regiane da Silva Concílio, Ana Christina Claro Neves
PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes in the external-hexagon surface of the titanium (Ti) implant before and after mechanical cycling, when coupled with zirconia (Zr) abutments (A) manufactured by three computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems (Neodent Digital, Zirkonzahn, and AmannGirrbach) and the ZrTi abutment manufactured by Neodent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four groups were formed (n = 6): titanium implant with Zr AmannGirrbach abutment (AZrAG), with Zr Zirkonzahn abutment (AZrZ), with Zr Neodent abutment (AZrN), and with Zr abutment with infrastructure in Ti Neodent (AZrTiN)...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140190/evaluation-of-a-shoulder-injury-prevention-program-in-wheelchair-basketball
#11
Jereme Wilroy, Elizabeth Hibberd
CONTEXT: Previous literature has theorized that alterations in shoulder physical characteristics are present in wheelchair athletes and contribute to shoulder pain and injury. Limited empirical evidence is present that evaluates the effectiveness of a shoulder injury prevention program focusing on improving these altered characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week intervention program at improving characteristics that increases the risk of developing pain or shoulder injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140180/the-role-of-lumbopelvic-hip-complex-stability-in-softball-throwing-mechanics
#12
Gabrielle G Gilmer, Jessica K Washington, Jeffrey Dugas, James Andrews, Gretchen D Oliver
CONTEXT: Studies have found that a 20% reduction in energy generation from the lumbopelvic-hip complex (LPHC) during overhead throws leads to a 34% increase in load on the shoulder. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of LPHC stability, via the single leg squat (SLS) assessment, on throwing mechanics of softball athletes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty softball athletes (164...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140178/infraspinatus-cross-sectional-area-and-shoulder-range-of-motion-change-following-live-game-baseball-pitching
#13
Brett S Pexa, Eric D Ryan, Elizabeth E Hibberd, Elizabeth Teel, Terri Jo Rucinski, Joseph B Myers
CONTEXT: Following a baseball pitching bout, changes can occur to glenohumeral range of motion that could be linked to injury. These effects are in part due to the posterior shoulder's eccentric muscle activity, which can disrupt muscle contractile elements and lead to changes in muscle cross sectional area (CSA), as measured by ultrasound. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in muscle CSA, and range of motion immediately before and after pitching, and days 1-5 following pitching...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140162/eight-week-return-to-play-following-latarjet-shoulder-reconstruction-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#14
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Ken Withers, William Breidahl, Jonathon Charlesworth
INTRODUCTION: Anterior shoulder dislocations are a common injury in many sports resulting in extended time lost from play with an extremely high recurrence rate in young athletes playing high risk sport. Latarjet shoulder reconstruction is a common surgical procedure used to prevent subsequent dislocation with an expected rehabilitation timeframe of between four to six months before return to play. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced two left sided shoulder dislocations before undergoing a left Latarjet shoulder reconstruction...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139556/delivery-outcomes-of-large-for-gestational-age-newborns-stratified-by-the-presence-or-absence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Hadar Rosen, Anat Shmueli, Eran Ashwal, Liran Hiersch, Yariv Yogev, Amir Aviram
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate separate and combined contributions of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and large-for-gestational age (LGA) on delivery outcomes. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study of term singleton deliveries between 2007 and 2014 in Tel Aviv, Israel, outcomes were compared between non-GDM/AGA pregnancies (reference) and three study groups: non-GDM/LGA, GDM/appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and GDM/LGA. RESULTS: Overall, there were 62 102 deliveries, of which 53 201 (85...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139484/ftir-imaging-detects-diet-and-genotype-dependent-chemical-composition-changes-in-wild-type-and-mutant-c-elegans-strains
#16
A Bouyanfif, S Liyanage, J E Hewitt, S A Vanapalli, N Moustaid-Moussa, E Hequet, N Abidi
This study focuses on the use of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy to determine chemical changes induced in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans by supplementation of C. elegans maintenance media (CeMM) by Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Wild-type C. elegans (N2) and mutant strains (tub-1 and fat-3) were grown in CeMM alone, and CeMM supplemented with EPA at 25 or 100 μM. Feeding was performed for 72 h. FTIR imaging was performed in transmission mode on individual worms. The FTIR imaging analysis of wild-type animals revealed the presence of vibrations assigned to unsaturated fatty acids, specifically bands at 3008 cm(-1) ([double bond, length as m-dash]C-H, olefinic stretch) and 1744 cm(-1) (C[double bond, length as m-dash]O, unsaturated fatty acids)...
November 15, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138871/revision-shoulder-arthroplasty-with-a%C3%A2-reverse-shoulder-prosthesis-use-of-structural-allograft-for-glenoid-bone-loss
#17
S E Ozgur, R Sadeghpour, T R Norris
INTRODUCTION: Revision shoulder arthroplasty presents many unique and complex challenges when glenoid bone loss is involved. A distorted and medialized anatomy prevents the proper mechanics of the reverse prosthesis with regard to deltoid tension and ultimate function. This paper highlights one surgeon's experience using structural allograft for glenoid bone loss. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 20 patients for a total of 24 surgeries with a medialized glenoid and/or substantial glenoid bone loss of grade IIB or higher were evaluated in this retrospective study...
November 14, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138778/dual-phosphorescence-emission-of-dinuclear-platinum-ii-complex-incorporating-cyclometallating-pyrenyl-dipyridine-based-ligand-and-its-application-in-near-infrared-solution-processed-polymer-light-emitting-diodes
#18
Zhaoran Hao, Fanyuan Meng, Pu Wang, Yafei Wang, Hua Tan, Yong Pei, Shijian Su, Yu Liu
Two novel mono- and binuclear cyclometalated platinum(ii) complexes of (BuPyrDPy)Pt(dpm) and (BuPyrDPy)[Pt(dpm)]2 incorporating a pyrenyl-dipyridine-based cyclometalated ligand were synthesized and characterized, respectively. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction of the two materials revealed each complex's coordination mode; their photophysical, electrochemical as well as electroluminescent properties were also investigated. Both complexes exhibited good solubility and excellent thermal stability. (BuPyrDPy)[Pt(dpm)]2 presented dual phosphorescence emissive character at room-temperature and showed an increased quantum efficiency compared to that of (BuPyrDPy)Pt(dpm)...
November 15, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138776/photoelectron-spectroscopy-and-density-functional-theory-studies-of-fructose-h2o-n-n-1-5-anionic-clusters
#19
Zhen Zeng, Elliot R Bernstein
Photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) and density functional theory (DFT) based calculations are executed to characterize gas phase, isolated (fructose + (H2O)n)(-) (n = 1-5) anionic species produced using a matrix assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) method. Gas phase, isolated (fructose + (H2O)n)(-) (n = 1-5) cluster anions mainly exist as open chain structures with conformational and positional isomers in the present experiments. Some cyclic structures of (fructose + (H2O)n)(-) (n = 3, 4) are apparently present in the experiments and their VDEs can contribute to the lower energy shoulders of PES features observed for (fructose + (H2O)n)(-) (n = 3, 4)...
November 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138197/incidence-of-shoulder-dislocations-in-the-uk-1995-2015-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Anjali Shah, Andrew Judge, Antonella Delmestri, Katherine Edwards, Nigel K Arden, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Tim A Holt, Rafael A Pinedo-Villanueva, Sally Hopewell, Sarah E Lamb, Amar Rangan, Andrew J Carr, Gary S Collins, Jonathan L Rees
OBJECTIVE: This cohort study evaluates the unknown age-specific and gender-specific incidence of primary shoulder dislocations in the UK. SETTING: UK primary care data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) were used to identify patients aged 16-70 years with a shoulder dislocation during 1995-2015. Coding of primary shoulder dislocations was validated using the CPRD general practitioner questionnaire service. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 16 763 patients with shoulder dislocation aged 16-70 years during 1995-2015 were identified...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
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