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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934634/comparison-of-shoulder-strength-in-males-with-and-without-myofascial-trigger-points-in-the-upper-trapezius
#1
H A Kim, U J Hwang, S H Jung, S H Ahn, J H Kim, O Y Kwon
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted in order to compare the strength of scapular elevator and shoulder abductor with and without restricted scapular elevation between male subjects with and without myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius. METHODS: In total, 15 male subjects with myofascial trigger points, and 15age- and weight-matched male subjects without myofascial trigger points in the upper trapezius. Each subject was measured in the strength of maximum isometric scapular elevation and shoulder abduction with and without restricted scapular elevation...
September 6, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933605/early-active-rehabilitation-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-a-prospective-randomized-pilot-study
#2
Rudolf Raschhofer, Nikos Poulios, Wolfgang Schimetta, Rüdiger Kisling, Christian Mittermaier
OBJECTIVE: To compare two different rehabilitation strategies, primary passive motion versus early isometric loading of the rotator cuff. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled observer-blinded pilot study. SETTING: Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. SUBJECTS: Thirty patients after rotator cuff surgery. INTERVENTION: All participants were randomly assigned to one of the two outpatient treatment groups: primary passive motion versus early isometric loading of the rotator cuff...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933238/staged-decrease-of-physical-ability-on-the-locomotive-syndrome-risk-test-is-related-to-neuropathic-pain-nociceptive-pain-shoulder-complaints-and-quality-of-life-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-people-the-utility-of-the-locomotive-syndrome-risk-test
#3
Shiro Imagama, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Kei Ando, Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Yoshihiro Nishida, Naoki Ishiguro
OBJECTIVES: A locomotive syndrome (LS) risk test for evaluation of physical ability is recently proposed. The objective of this study is to evaluate the utility of this test by examining physical ability, neuropathic pain, nociceptive pain, shoulder complaints, and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 523 subjects (240 males, 283 females; mean age: 63.3 years) at a health checkup. Data collected using visual analog scales (VAS) for shoulder pain, low back pain, sciatica, and knee pain, neuropathic pain, shoulder complaint, body mass index (BMI), osteoporosis, and SF-36 were compared among three LS risk stages...
February 16, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932881/nerve-injuries-do-occur-in-elbow-arthroscopy
#4
Nick F J Hilgersom, Derek F P van Deurzen, Carina L E Gerritsma, Huub J L van der Heide, Martijn J A Malessy, Denise Eygendaal, Michel P J van den Bekerom
PURPOSE: The purpose is to create more awareness as well as emphasize the risk of permanent nerve injury as a complication of elbow arthroscopy. METHODS: Patients who underwent elbow arthroscopy complicated by permanent nerve injury were retrospectively collected. Patients were collected using two strategies: (1) by word-of-mouth throughout the Dutch Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, and the Leiden University Nerve Centre, and (2) approaching two medical liability insurance companies...
September 20, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932751/return-to-sports-and-recurrences-after-arthroscopic-anterior-shoulder-stabilization-in-martial-arts-athletes
#5
Maximiliano Ranalletta, Luciano A Rossi, Adrian Sirio, Fernando Diaz Dilernia, Agustin Bertona, Gastón D Maignon, Santiago L Bongiovanni
BACKGROUND: The high demands to the glenohumeral joint and the violent shoulder blows experienced during martial arts (MA) could compromise return to sports and increase the recurrence rate after arthroscopic stabilization for anterior shoulder instability in these athletes. PURPOSE: To report the functional outcomes, return to sports, and recurrences in a series of MA athletes with anterior shoulder instability treated with arthroscopic stabilization with suture anchors...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932699/imaging-of-shoulder-instability
#6
REVIEW
Fernando Ruiz Santiago, Alberto Martínez Martínez, Pablo Tomás Muñoz, José Pozo Sánchez, Antonio Zarza Pérez
This extended review tries to cover the imaging findings of the wide range of shoulder injuries secondary to shoulder joint instability. Usefulness of the different imaging methods is stressed, including radiography, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance. The main topics to be covered include traumatic, atraumatic and minor instability syndromes. Radiography may show bone abnormalities associated to instability, including developmental and post-traumatic changes. CT is the best technique depicting and quantifying skeletal changes...
August 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932653/a-bio-inspired-approach-for-the-design-of-a-multifunctional-robotic-end-effector-customized-for-automated-maintenance-of-a-reconfigurable-vibrating-screen
#7
O A Makinde, K Mpofu, R Vrabic, B I Ramatsetse
The development of a robotic-driven maintenance solution capable of automatically maintaining reconfigurable vibrating screen (RVS) machine when utilized in dangerous and hazardous underground mining environment has called for the design of a multifunctional robotic end-effector capable of carrying out all the maintenance tasks on the RVS machine. In view of this, the paper presents a bio-inspired approach which unfolds the design of a novel multifunctional robotic end-effector embedded with mechanical and control mechanisms capable of automatically maintaining the RVS machine...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932486/-on-track-and-off-track-shoulder-lesions
#8
REVIEW
E Itoi
Shoulder stability depends on the position of the arm as well as activities of the muscles around the shoulder. The capsulo-ligamentous structures are the main stabilisers with the arm at the end-range of movement, whereas negative intra-articular pressure and concavity-compression effect are the main stabilisers with the arm in the mid-range of movement.There are two types of glenoid bone loss: fragment type and erosion type. A bone loss of the humeral head, known as a Hill-Sachs lesion (HSL), is a compression fracture of the humeral head caused by the anterior rim of the glenoid when the humeral head is dislocated anteriorly in front of the glenoid...
August 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932424/crystal-structure-and-uv-spectra-of-a-1-2-disubstituted-benzimidazolium-chloride
#9
Tuhin Khan, Navneet Mishra, Darshan S Mhatre, Anindya Datta
1-(2-Hy-droxy-benz-yl)-2-(2-hy-droxy-phen-yl)-1H-benzimidazol-3-ium chloride, C20H17N2O2(+)·Cl(-), was prepared by reaction of salicyl-aldehyde with o-phenyl-enedi-amine in the presence of tri-methyl-silyl chloride acting as a source of HCl. As a result of steric hindrance, the cation in the crystal is far from planar: the benzimidazole ring system makes dihedral angles of 55.49 (9) and 81.36 (8)° with the planes of the phenolic groups. The crystal packing is dominated by O-H⋯Cl and N-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds, which link the cations and anions into four-membered rings and then into chains along [100]...
July 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932287/the-effectiveness-of-ultrasound-guided-hydrodistension-and-physiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-frozen-shoulder-adhesive-capsulitis-in-primary-care-a-single-centre-service-evaluation
#10
Michael Bryant, Andrew Gough, James Selfe, Jim Richards, Elizabeth Burgess
BACKGROUND: Evidence for optimal non-operative treatment of frozen shoulder is lacking. The present study aimed to evaluate a treatment strategy for stage II to III frozen shoulder provided by the current primary care musculoskeletal service. METHODS: General practioner referrals of shoulder pain to the musculoskeletal service diagnosed with stage II to III frozen shoulder and who opted for a treatment strategy of hydrodistension and guided physiotherapy exercise programme over a 12-month period were evaluated for 6 months...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932286/pilot-report-non-operative-treatment-of-mayo-type-ii-olecranon-fractures-in-any-age-adult-patient
#11
Matthew D Putnam, Christy M Christophersen, Julie E Adams
BACKGROUND: We report on the non-operative treatment of Mayo Type II olecranon fractures. METHODS: Fourteen isolated Mayo Type II olecranon fractures were treated non-operatively, followed to discharge, and retrospectively reviewed. Treatment was splinting in extension followed by protected active motion beginning 3 weeks to 4 weeks post-injury. Mayo Elbow Performance Index (MEPI) and Shortened Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) scores were available in 86% and 64% of cases, respectively...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932284/acromial-j-bone-graft-on-the-acromion-for-surgical-treatment-of-glenohumeral-instability-an-anatomical-study
#12
Matthieu Sanchez, Shahnaz Klouche, Bruno Faivre, Thomas Bauer, Philippe Hardy
BACKGROUND: Anterior glenohumeral instability is frequently associated with anteroinferior glenoid bone defects. One original technique has been described in the literature that incorporates a J-shaped graft from the iliac crest into the anterior glenoid rim. The main goal of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of harvesting a J-shaped graft from the acromion that corresponds to previously described dimensions. The secondary goal was to determine the ideal harvesting site...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932283/glenohumeral-arthrodesis-for-late-reconstruction-of-flail-shoulder-in-patients-with-traumatic-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-palsy
#13
Tanujan Thangarajah, Simon M Lambert
BACKGROUND: Flail shoulder can occur following a brachial plexus injury and is characterized by painful subluxation of the glenohumeral joint and the inability to independently position the hand in space. The present study aimed to report the clinical outcomes following glenohumeral arthrodesis for late reconstruction of flail shoulder in patients with traumatic supraclavicular brachial plexus palsy. METHODS: Seven patients were included in the present study and were followed-up for a mean of 98 months (range 27 months to 197 months)...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932282/management-of-post-traumatic-stiffness-of-the-shoulder-following-upper-limb-trauma-with-manipulation-under-anaesthetic
#14
Sarah T Lancaster, Thomas N Grove, David A Woods
BACKGROUND: A proportion of patients who sustain upper limb fractures develop post-traumatic stiffness (PTS), which may progress in a similar way to primary frozen shoulder (PFS). We have had success in treating PFS with manipulation under anaesthetic (MUA) and therefore treated PTS using MUA. Oxford Shoulder Scores (OSS), range of motion (ROM) data pre- and post-MUA, and the need for repeat procedure were compared. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with PTS following an upper limb fracture, unresponsive to conservative measures, were seen between 1 January 1999 and 1 November 2015...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932281/shoulder-specific-outcomes-1-year-after-nontraumatic-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-repair-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Navin Gurnani, Derek F P van Deurzen, Michel P J van den Bekerom
BACKGROUND: Nontraumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tears are commonly initially treated conservatively. If conservative treatment fails, rotator cuff repair is a viable subsequent option. The objective of the present meta-analysis is to evaluate the shoulder-specific outcomes one year after arthroscopic or mini-open rotator cuff repair of nontraumatic rotator cuff tears. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in PubMed and EMBASE within the period January 2000 to January 2017...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932280/assessment-of-cross-cultural-adaptations-of-patient-reported-shoulder-outcome-measures-in-spanish-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Sara Gómez-Valero, Fernando García-Pérez, Mariano Tomás Flórez-García, Juan Carlos Miangolarra-Page
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to conduct a systematic review of self-administered shoulder-disability functional assessment questionnaires adapted to Spanish, analyzing the quality of the transcultural adaptation and the clinimetric properties of the new version. METHODS: A search of the main biomedical databases was conducted to locate Spanish shoulder function assessment scales. The authors reviewed the papers and considered whether the process of adaptation of the questionnaire had followed international recommendations, and whether its psychometric properties had been appropriately assessed...
October 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932190/empirical-evaluation-of-voluntarily-activatable-muscle-synergies
#17
Shunta Togo, Hiroshi Imamizu
The muscle synergy hypothesis assumes that individual muscle synergies are independent of each other and voluntarily controllable. However, this assumption has not been empirically tested. This study tested if human subjects can voluntarily activate individual muscle synergies extracted by non-negative matrix factorization (NMF), the standard mathematical method for synergy extraction. We defined the activation of a single muscle synergy as the generation of a muscle activity pattern vector parallel to the single muscle synergy vector...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932131/spinal-anesthesia-and-spinal-anesthesia-with-subdiaphragmatic-lidocaine-in-shoulder-pain-reduction-for-gynecological-laparoscopic-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Zahra Asgari, Mahroo Rezaeinejad, Reihaneh Hosseini, Masoumeh Nataj, Maryam Razavi, Mahdi Sepidarkish
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of spinal anesthesia with subdiaphragmatic lidocaine at the beginning of surgery versus spinal anesthesia in pain reduction for gynecological laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: This was a clinical trial conducted in Arash Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Eighty-four patients were randomized to either spinal anesthesia with subdiaphragmatic lidocaine, spinal anesthesia, or general anesthesia (GA). The primary outcome was patients' pain perception during surgery, 2, 4, 6, and 12 hours after surgery, and prior to discharge and was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS)...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931987/enhancement-of-motor-skill-learning-by-a-combination-of-ideal-model-observation-and-self-observation
#19
Hitomi Nishizawa, Teiji Kimura
[Purpose] In sports physical therapy, video of a patient's movement or of a skilled model's movement has been used as observational learning methods for injury prevention and movement modification. Positive effects of model video observation have been reported. This study aimed to clarify the effect on motor skill learning using a combination of model-observation and self-observation, which is thought to act as an enhanced method for active error detection by comparing model-observation and self-observation alone for acquisition of correct sports movement...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931338/functional-outcomes-of-distal-radius-fractures-with-and-without-ulnar-styloid-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#20
Marjolein A M Mulders, Lili J Fuhri Snethlage, Robert-Jan O de Muinck Keizer, J Carel Goslings, Niels W L Schep
The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the functional outcomes of patients with a distal radius fracture with and without a concomitant fracture of the ulnar styloid process. A systematic literature search was performed to identify all studies comparing patients with a distal radius fracture with and without an ulnar styloid process fracture. The initial search revealed 511 articles, of which 12 articles with a total of 2243 patients were included; 1196 patients with and 1047 patients without an ulnar styloid process fracture...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
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