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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331592/combined-creatinine-cystatin-c-ckd-epi-equation-significantly-underestimates-measured-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Júlia Dauernheimer Machado, Eduardo Guimarães Camargo, Roberta Boff, Laís da Silva Rodrigues, Joíza Lins Camargo, Ariana Aguiar Soares, Sandra Pinho Silveiro
AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of creatinine and cystatin C (cysC) equations to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients and healthy adults. METHODS: Case-control study including 84 patients with type 2 DM and 100 healthy adults with measured GFR (mGFR)≥60mL/min/1.73m2. GFR was measured by 51Cr-EDTA and estimated (eGFR) by the following equations using creatinine, cysC or both markers: Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI), Caucasian Asian Pediatrics and Adults (CAPA), CKD-EPI creatinine-cystatin C (CKDEPI-CC), and CKD-EPI cystatin C (CKDEPIcysC)...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329712/risk-factors-and-frequency-of-ingrown-nails-in-adult-diabetic-patients
#2
Secil Vural, Seher Bostanci, Pelin Koçyigit, Deniz Çaliskan, Nilgun Baskal, Nursel Aydin
The present study evaluated the properties of nails, frequency of ingrown nails in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), risk factors for developing ingrown nails, and effect of diabetic polyneuropathy and vasculopathy on the development and outcome of ingrown nails. Our 6-month epidemiologic prospective study included 300 patients with type 2 DM attending a DM outpatient clinic for routine examinations. The general characteristics and foot changes of the study population were investigated. Diabetic polyneuropathy and vasculopathy were evaluated using a biothesiometer, monofilament tests, and arterial Doppler ultrasonography...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328551/failure-of-monotherapy-in-clinical-practice-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-korea-national-diabetes-program
#3
Ja Young Jeon, Soo Jin Lee, Sieun Lee, Soo Jin Kim, Seung Jin Han, Hae Jin Kim, Dae Jung Kim, Young Seol Kim, Jeong Taek Woo, Kyu Jeung Ahn, Moonsuk Nam, Sei Hyun Baik, Yongsoo Park, Kwan-Woo Lee
AIMS: We investigated the failure of monotherapy in patients with type 2 DM in real practice settings. METHODS: The Korea National Diabetes Program was a prospective, multicenter observational cohort study of type 2 DM patients in Korea. Of the 3,950 patients enrolled in the study, we studied 998 who were continuously maintained on monotherapy for at least 90 days at six participating centers. To balance the baseline characteristics of patients in each group, we employed propensity-matching at a 1:1 ratio (metformin vs...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325084/metformin-use-reverses-the-increased-mortality-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-during-tuberculosis-treatment
#4
Nicholas R Degner, Jann-Yuan Wang, Jonathan E Golub, Petros C Karakousis
Background: The global type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) epidemic threatens progress made in reducing tuberculosis (TB)-related mortality worldwide. Previous clinical studies have not fully evaluated potential confounding variables in addressing the impact of DM on TB treatment outcomes. The antidiabetic agent metformin regulates autophagy and may play a role as a host-directed therapeutic adjuvant to antitubercular treatment. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study comprising patients aged ≥13 years undergoing treatment for culture-confirmed, drug-susceptible pulmonary TB...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323191/abnormally-low-or-high-ankle-brachial-index-is-associated-with-the-development-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Mei-Yueh Lee, Pi-Jung Hsiao, Jiun-Chi Huang, Wei-Hao Hsu, Szu-Chia Chen, Jer-Ming Chang, Shyi-Jang Shin
Although some studies have reported an association between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with diabetes, whether or not a causal relationship exists is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PAD, as indicated by an abnormally low or high ankle-brachial index (ABI), is associated with the development of DR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) without DR. We enrolled 414 (221 men and 193 women) patients with type 2 DM who underwent ABI measurements at our outpatient clinic...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322398/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-development-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Silvia Fabiani, Poupak Fallahi, Silvia Martina Ferrari, Mario Miccoli, Alessandro Antonelli
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an endocrine disorder encompassing multifactorial mechanisms, and chronic hepatitis C virus infection (CHC) is a multifaceted disorder, associated with extrahepatic manifestations, including endocrinological disorders. CHC and T2DM are associated, but the subject remains controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating such association, searching on PubMed until February 29, 2016. Inclusion criteria were: 1) presence of at least one internal control group age- and gender-matched (non-hepatopathic controls; and/or hepatopathic, not HCV-positive, controls); 2) sufficient data to calculate odds ratio and relative risk...
January 11, 2018: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319179/muscle-derived-satellite-cells-for-treating-type-1-diabetes-in-rats-rattus-norvegicus
#7
Yu Ren, Hefei Wang, Si Ha, Xingsheng Zhao, Xiao Wang, Yu Lan, Xiaoling Liu
Diabetes mellitus(DM) is a complicated metabolic disease, with the fundamental treatment nowadays being diet control, insulin injections, slet or pancreas transplantation, which is limited because exogenous insulin injections fail to simulate normal insulin secretion in islet beta cells successfully and islet transplantation lacks organ donors. So far, stem cells with highly self-renewal and multi-directional differentiation potential have become a new hope for the treatment of diabetes. In this research, rat Muscle-derived satellite cells *MDSCs*were separated and cultivated in vitro and inducted into insulin-producing cells with observation and identification using dithizone staining and so on...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314079/the-high-frequency-of-monoclonal-gammopathy-in-patients-with-diabetic-sensorimotor-polyneuropathy
#8
Alon Abraham, Carolina Barnett, Hans D Katzberg, Leif E Lovblom, A Perkins Bruce, Vera Bril
INTRODUCTION: Monoclonal gammopathy has been reported in several polyneuropathies. In this study, we aimed to explore the frequency and characteristics of monoclonal gammopathy in patients with diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSP). METHODS: Patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (DM 1, DM 2), and controls without diabetes, were evaluated between November 2008 and December 2013. RESULTS: 50 controls, 66 patients with DM 1, and 106 patients with DM 2, were included, with an average age of 43 ± 18, 45 ± 17, and 65 ± 10 years respectively...
January 4, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311426/electrophysiological-and-histopathological-findings-of-muscular-disease-suspected-as-myotonic-dystrophy-in-a-shiba-dog
#9
Takanori Shiga, Seiichi Okuno, Kazuyuki Uchida, James K Chambers, Hiroyuki Nakayama
An 8-year-old male Japanese Shiba exhibited muscle wasting and a stiff gait. A low-amplitude myotonic discharge was recorded by needle electromyography (EMG). A histopathological examination on a tru-cut biopsy sample from the muscle revealed myofiber size variations. Internal nuclei and cytoplasmic vacuoles were observed in many fibers. A type 1 fiber predominance and many hybrid type fibers were observed immunohistochemically. On the basis of these EMG and histopathological findings, myotonic dystrophy (DM) was suspected as tentative diagnosis...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302533/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-foot-care-in-patients-with-diabetes-at-central-rural-india
#10
Bharati Amar Taksande, Mukesh Thote, U N Jajoo
Introduction: Diabetic foot syndrome is one of the common and most devastating preventable complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). It is associated with morbidity and premature mortality due to long-term complications affecting foot. The American Diabetes Association recommends that people with diabetes should have a comprehensive foot examination once per year. Most of the foot problems can be prevented with careful foot care. It may take effort and time to build up good foot care habits, but self-care is essential...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298534/the-significance-of-thiol-disulfide-homeostasis-and-ischemia-modified-albumin-levels-to-assess-the-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-different-stages-of-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Bayram Gulpamuk, Kemal Tekin, Kenan Sonmez, Merve Inanc, Salim Neselioglu, Ozcan Erel, Pelin Yilmazbas
This study investigated the value of Thiol/Disulfide homeostasis and ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) levels in discriminating diabetic cases with different stages of retinopathy and without retinopathy. In total, 122 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) were enrolled in this prospective cross-sectional study. These patients were separated into three subgroups: Group 1 included 42 patients with DM and no diabetic retinopathy (DR), Group 2 included 40 patients with DM having non-proliferative DR and the Group 3 had 40 patients with DM having proliferative DR...
January 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285514/clinicopathological-and-prognostic-role-of-long-noncoding-rna-linc00152-in-various-human-neoplasms-evidence-from-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Chenkui Miao, Kai Zhao, Jundong Zhu, Chao Liang, Aiming Xu, Yibo Hua, Jianzhong Zhang, Shouyong Liu, Ye Tian, Chao Zhang, Yuhao Wang, Shifeng Su, Zengjun Wang, Bianjiang Liu
Recent researches have demonstrated that long noncoding RNA linc00152 was aberrantly upregulated in multiple tumor types. High expression of linc00152 was associated with poor outcomes in cancer patients. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate its potential value as a prognostic predictor in various human neoplasms. Eligible studies were searched through several electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library. Eight original studies including 752 cancer patients were ultimately enrolled...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283331/mechanism-of-hepatitis-c-virus-induced-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Usman Ali Ashfaq, Hina Khalid
The hepatitis C virus (HCV), the most predominant cause of liver failure worldwide, is associated with the development of diabetes mellitus (DM) and insulin resistance (IR), both in vivo and in vitro. DM and IR aggravate the rate of fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Most studies have revealed that patients with HCV are at a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), compared with controls or patients with hepatitis B. In the same way, patients with T2D are highly prone to severe HCV clinical outcomes and increased progression to fibrosis and cirrhosis, ultimately leading to HCC...
2017: Critical Reviews in Eukaryotic Gene Expression
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279420/deregulated-profiles-of-urinary-micrornas-may-explain-podocyte-injury-and-proximal-tubule-dysfunction-in-normoalbuminuric-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Oana Milas, Florica Gadalean, Adrian Vlad, Victor Dumitrascu, Cristina Gluhovschi, Gheorghe Gluhovschi, Silvia Velciov, Roxana Popescu, Flaviu Bob, Petru Matusz, Agneta-Maria Pusztai, Octavian M Cretu, Alina Secara, Anca Simulescu, Sorin Ursoniu, Daliborca Vlad, Ligia Petrica
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA species that are important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. The aim of the study was to establish a potential explanation of podocyte damage and proximal tubule (PT) dysfunction induced by deregulated miRNAs expression in the course of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). A total of 68 patients with type 2 DM and 11 healthy subjects were enrolled in a cross-sectional study and assessed concerning urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (UACR), urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosamininidase (NAG), urinary kidney injury molecule-1, urinary nephrin, podocalyxin, synaptopodin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary miRNA21, miRNA124, and miRNA192...
December 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275569/-establishment-of-rat-model-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-concomitant-periodontitis-and-the-carotid-artery-lesions-in-the-model-rats
#15
X Y Ren, C Wang, X Liu, H Li, J H Gao, X J Ge
Objectives: To establish SD rat model with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and concomitant chronic periodontitis (CP) and to evaluate the influence of periodontitis on the vascular lesions of type 2 diabetes rats. Methods: Totally 241 clean level SD rats were randomly divided into four groups, group A (normal control, NC, n=27), group B (DM, n=34), group C (CP, n=90) and group D (DM+CP, n=90). The rats of DM group were fed with high-fat and high-sugar diet for 8 to 10 weeks, and then were multiply injected with small dose streptozotocin under the condition of ice bath...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259658/type-1-diabetes-does-not-impair-the-physical-capacity-of-non-sedentary-adolescents
#16
Milena S Nascimento, Carolina F Espindola, Cristiane do Prado, Melina Blanco Amarins, Ana Lucia Potenza, Luciana Pacheco, Erica Santos, Teresa Cristina A Vieira
Background: Type 1 diabetes patients have a higher risk of developing hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia during physical activity, which may compromise their safety during exercise but results regarding the exercise capacity of patients with type 1 DM when compared to control subjects have been contradictory. Aim: To evaluate if type 1 diabetes affects the capacity of adolescents to exercise. Methods: The study enrolled 37 adolescents in stage 2-4 of the Tanner scale, aged from 10 to 14 years, 21 with type 1 diabetes and 16 without any chronic diseases...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259053/primary-outcomes-reporting-in-trials-of-paediatric-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#17
Samaneh Khanpour Ardestani, Mohammad Karkhaneh, Hai Chuan Yu, Muhammad Zafar Iqbal Hydrie, Sunita Vohra
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to systematically review randomised clinical trials (RCTs) of paediatric type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) to assess reporting of (1) primary outcome, (2) outcome measurement properties and (3) presence or absence of adverse events. METHODS: Electronic searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane SR and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases were undertaken. The search period was between 2001 and 2017. English-language RCTs on children younger than 21 years with T1DM were selected...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250659/could-oral-cytomorphometry-be-of-value-in-distinguishing-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Ştefan Claudiu Mirescu, Carmen Georgiu, Anne Marie Constantin, Adina Bianca Boşca, Camelia Sidonia Lazăr, Alina Simona Şovrea
The present study refers to a quantitative, morphometric analysis of exfoliative cytology smears collected from diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, in order to distinguish subtle changes in cellular and nuclear parameters. The study was carried out on 30 adult subjects: a control group of 10 healthy subjects and a study group of 20 diabetic subjects (type 1 and type 2 DM). Another factor that was taken into consideration was the abundance of the microbial flora. The oral smears were stained using Hematoxylin and Eosin and several parameters were measured (nuclear diameter, perimeter and area, cell large diameter and area), and calculated: nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio and nuclear roundness factor...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246227/statin-consumption-as-a-risk-factor-for-developing-colorectal-cancer-a-retrospective-case-study
#19
David Renman, Erik Lundberg, Ulf Gunnarsson, Karin Strigård
BACKGROUND: Statins are the backbone of lipid-lowering therapy and are among the most commonly prescribed drugs in the elderly population in Sweden today. Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in men and women, after prostate and breast cancer, respectively, with a median age of 72 years at diagnosis. Statins induce mitochondrial damage leading to accumulation of reactive oxygen species in the cell. Reactive oxygen species can cause mutations in mitochondrial as well as nuclear DNA leading to the development of cancer...
December 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243300/antagonists-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-in-the-periodontitis-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-and-smoking
#20
Tamires Szeremeske Miranda, Marcelo Henrique Napimoga, Magda Feres, Letícia Macedo Marins, Daniele Ferreira da Cruz, Hélio Doyle Pereira da Silva, Poliana Mendes Duarte
AIM: This study evaluated the levels of sclerostin (SOST) and Dickkopf (DKK)-1 in the chronic periodontitis (CP) associated with type 2 diabetes (DM) and/or smoking. Relationships between SOST, DDK1, RANKL, OPG, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α, and pathogens were assessed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population included non-diabetic non-smokers (control), non-smokers with DM (DM group), non-diabetic smokers (S group) and smokers with DM (SDM group), all with CP. Serum and gingival levels of SOST, DKK1, RANKL, OPG, IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α were evaluated by multiplex immunoassay...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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