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Per-implant disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067937/incidence-of-surgical-site-infections-in-children-active-surveillance-in-an-italian-academic-children-s-hospital
#1
M L Ciofi Degli Atti, L Serino, S Piga, A E Tozzi, M Raponi
BACKGROUND: Surgical Site Infections (SSIs) account for 16-34% of all health-care associated infections. This study aimed to assess the incidence rate of SSIs in children who underwent surgical procedures in an academic children's hospital in Italy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: We actively followed-up 0-17 year old children at 30 days of surgical procedures without implants conducted during one index week per quarter, from the second quarter of 2014, to the first quarter of 2016 (8 index weeks in total)...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051234/neonatal-lupus-erythematosus-with-congenital-heart-block-in-twins
#2
Lamia Gargouri, Faiza Safi, Bayen Maalej, Souad Mallek, Fatma Turki, Imen Majdoub, Malek Akrout, Dorra Abid, Samir Kamoun, Abdelmajid Mahfoudh
Background - Neonatal lupus erythematosus is an uncommon acquired autoimmune disease caused by transplacental passage of maternal antibodies SSA/Ro, SSB/La or U1 ribonucleoproteins. The most common clinical manifestations are skin rash, cardiac lesions, thrombocytopenia, anemia and hepatosplenomegaly. Complete congenital heart block is usually irreversible needing a pacemaker implantation in two-thirds of cases. Cases report - We report neonatal lupus erythematosus with complete congenital heart block in twins...
July 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050977/influence-of-age-on-factors-associated-with-peri-implant-bone-loss-after-prosthetic-rehabilitation-over-osseointegrated-implants
#3
Rejane El Pedro, João P De Carli, Maria Ss Linden, Igor Fp Lima, Luiz R Paranhos, Max D Costa, Ângelo Jg Bós
INTRODUCTION: To verify the influence of age on factors associated with peri-implant bone loss after prosthetic rehabilitation over osseointegrated implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an analytical, observational, and longitudinal study with initial 23 participants. Patients presenting with osseointegrated implants with their respective prostheses installed were included, and they could be carriers of chronic and degenerative diseases, such as diabetes, osteoporosis, hypothyroidism, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and systemic arterial hypertension...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029573/mechanical-circulatory-support-and-heart-transplantation-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#4
EDITORIAL
Cumaraswamy Sivathasan, Choon Pin Lim, Ka Lee Kerk, David K L Sim, Mandeep R Mehra
Globalization has resulted in epidemiologic transition in developing countries from infectious disease and nutritional deficiencies to non-communicable diseases. Epidemiologic data on heart failure (HF), particularly advanced HF therapy, in Asia are increasingly becoming available, although they remain sparse. Heart transplantation for advanced stage HF remains very low in Asia-approximately 0.075 heart transplants per 1 million population. North America, which comprises 7.5% of the world population, accounted for 55...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000272/initial-and-long-term-crestal-bone-responses-to-modern-dental-implants
#5
REVIEW
Tomas Albrektsson, Bruno Chrcanovic, Per-Olov Östman, Lars Sennerby
Successful osseointegration is the result of a controlled foreign body reaction to dental implants. Osseointegrated implants have demonstrated excellent long-term survivability, although they may be subject to limited marginal bone loss. Marginal bone loss during the first few years after implant placement seldom represents disease, but is instead the result of an adaptive bone response to surgical trauma and implant loading. It is not uncommon for implants with early marginal bone loss to enter a long-lasting state of bone stability...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990592/combined-notes-total-mesorectal-excision-and-single-incision-laparoscopy-principles-for-conservative-proctectomy-a-single-centre-study
#6
H Meillat, C de Chaisemartin, F Poizat, E Bories, R Fara, J R Delpero, B Lelong
BACKGROUND: Surgery for low rectal cancer remains a challenge when a standard laparoscopic approach is used. Transanal endoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) has been shown to be feasible and to be associated with a low conversion rate. Combining the transanal and transabdominal single-port approaches (with an abdominal single port implanted in the future stoma and extraction site) could allow TME with minimal wound trauma, low morbidity, and faster recovery. The aim of the current study was to assess the short- and mid-term results of this technique...
December 19, 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987072/the-value-of-electrophysiologic-study-in-decision-making-regarding-the-need-for-pacemaker-implantation-after-tavi
#7
Oholi Tovia-Brodie, Yael Ben-Haim, Erel Joffe, Ariel Finkelstein, Aharon Glick, Raphael Rosso, Bernard Belhassen, Yoav Michowitz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate electrophysiologic study (EPS) in risk stratification of relative indications for pacemaker implantation (PMI) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: We reviewed files of all patients who had a left bundle branch block (LBBB) and underwent EPS after TAVI between 3/2009 and 5/2015. The indications for EPS were new-onset LBBB and the presence of an old or a new-onset LBBB associated with either PR prolongation after TAVI (∆PR >20 ms) or with "slow" atrial fibrillation (<100/min)...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968869/cataract-screening-in-a-rural-area-of-southern-china-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Xuhua Tan, Haotian Lin, YuTing Li, Li Huang, Yi Zhu, Yao Ni, WenYong Huang, Yizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness and impaired vision worldwide; however, cataract surgery rate in China (1300 cases per million people per year) is lower than in Europe, America, and India (greater than 5000 cases per million people per year). In the past 10 years, a public health screening system has been established for early diagnosis and intervention of chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension by the Disease Control and Prevention Centers (CDC) of China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958656/a-novel-porcine-model-of-implant-associated-osteomyelitis-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-local-regional-and-systemic-response
#9
Louise Kruse Jensen, Janne Koch, Kirstine Dich-Jorgensen, Bent Aalbaek, Andreas Petersen, Kurt Fuursted, Thomas Bjarnsholt, Kasper Nørskov Kragh, Mikkel Tøtterup, Mats Bue, Pelle Hanberg, Kjeld Søballe, Peter Mh Heegaard, Henrik Elvang Jensen
: Pigs are favorable experimental animals for infectious diseases in humans. However, implant associated osteomyelitis (IAO) models in pigs have only been evaluated using high-inoculum infection (>10(8) CFU) models in 1975 and 1993. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to present a new low inoculum porcine model of human IAO based on 42 experimental pigs. The model was created by drilling an implant cavity in the tibial bone followed by insertion of a small steel implant and simultaneous inoculation of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria (n = 32) or saline (n = 10)...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927504/does-the-type-of-metal-instrumentation-affect-the-risk-of-surgical-site-infection-in-pediatric-scoliosis-surgery
#10
Margaret L Wright, David L Skaggs, Hiroko Matsumoto, Regina P Woon, Ashley Trocle, John M Flynn, Michael G Vitale
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of implant metal composition with the risk of surgical site infection (SSI) following pediatric spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: SSI is a well-described complication following pediatric spine surgery. Many risk factors have been identified in the literature, but controversy remains regarding metal composition as a risk factor. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent posterior spinal instrumentation procedures between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2008, at three large children's hospitals for any etiology of scoliosis and had at least 1 year of postoperative follow-up...
May 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924602/genome-wide-analysis-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-cells-and-tissues
#11
Moritz Kebschull, Claudia Hülsmann, Per Hoffmann, Panos N Papapanou
Omics analyses, including the systematic cataloging of messenger RNA and microRNA sequences or DNA methylation patterns in a cell population, organ or tissue sample, are powerful means of generating comprehensive genome-level data sets on complex diseases. We have systematically assessed the transcriptome, miRNome and methylome of gingival tissues from subjects with different diagnostic entities of periodontal disease, and studied the transcriptome of primary cells ex vivo, or in vitro after infection with periodontal pathogens...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896897/expanded-clinical-use-of-everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-for-treatment-of-coronary-artery-disease
#12
Roberto Diletti, Yuki Ishibashi, Cordula Felix, Yoshinobu Onuma, Shimpei Nakatani, Nicolas M van Mieghem, Eveliyn Regar, Marco Valgimigli, Peter P de Jaegere, Nienke van Ditzhuijzen, Jiang Ming Fam, Jurgen M R Ligthart, Mattie J Lenzen, Patrick W Serruys, Felix Zijlstra, Robert Jan van Geuns
BACKGROUND: Limited data are currently available on the performance of everolimus eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) for treatment of complex coronary lesions representative of daily practice. METHODS: This is a prospective, mono-center, single-arm study, reporting data after BVS implantation in patients presenting with stable, unstable angina, or non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction caused by de novo stenotic lesions in native coronary arteries...
November 29, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880996/oxidative-stress-induced-damage-to-paternal-genome-and-impact-of-meditation-and-yoga-can-it-reduce-incidence-of-childhood-cancer
#13
Dada Rima, Basant Kumar Shiv, Chawla Bhavna, Bisht Shilpa, Khan Saima
Background: Sperm DNA damage is underlying aetiology of poor implantation and pregnancy rates but also affects health of offspring and may also result in denovo mutations in germ line and post fertilization. This may result in complex diseases, polygenic disorders and childhood cancers. Childhood cancer like retinoblastoma (RB) is more prevalent in developing countries and the incidence of RB has increased more than three fold in India in the last decade. Recent studies have documented increased incidence of cancers in children born to fathers who consume alcohol in excess and tobacco or who were conceived by assisted conception...
January 9, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865201/increased-risk-of-ventricular-tachycardia-in-patients-with-sarcoidosis-during-the-very-long-term-follow-up
#14
Abigail Louise D Te, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Yun-Yu Chen, Fa-Po Chung, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Tze-Fan Chao, Jo-Nan Liao, Chin-Yu Lin, Yao-Ting Chang, Kuo-Liong Chien, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is an important diagnostic consideration in patients with ventricular tachycardia (VT) of unknown origin. The clinical course of VT as the primary presentation in patients with sarcoidosis is mostly unknown. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of life-threatening VT and mortality during long term follow-up in patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS: We analyzed the epidemiological features of sarcoidosis in Taiwan using the National Health Insurance Research Database from 2000 to 2004...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862363/a-comprehensive-microbiological-safety-approach-for-agarose-encapsulated-porcine-islets-intended-for-clinical-trials
#15
Lawrence S Gazda, James Collins, Archie Lovatt, Robert W Holdcraft, Merribeth J Morin, Daniel Galbraith, Melanie Graham, Melissa A Laramore, Christine Maclean, John Black, Euan W Milne, Douglas G Marthaler, Horatiu V Vinerean, Michelle M Michalak, Deborah Hoffer, Steven Richter, Richard D Hall, Barry H Smith
BACKGROUND: The use of porcine islets to replace insulin-producing islet β-cells, destroyed during the diabetogenic disease process, presents distinct challenges if this option is to become a therapeutic reality for the treatment of type 1 diabetes. These challenges include a thorough evaluation of the microbiological safety of the islets. In this study, we describe a robust porcine islet-screening program that provides a high level of confidence in the microbiological safety of porcine islets suitable for clinical trials...
November 2016: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853493/implantability-complications-and-follow-up-after-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-stent-shunt-creation-with-the-6f-self-expanding-sinus-superflex-visual-stent
#16
Daniel Spira, Jakub Wiskirchen, Ulrich Lauer, Dominik Ketelsen, Konstantin Nikolaou, Benjamin Wiesinger
BACKGROUND: The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) builds a shortcut between the portal vein and a liver vein, and represents a sophisticated alternative to open surgery in the management of portal hypertension or its complications. OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical experiences with a low-profile nitinol stent system in TIPSS creation, and to assess primary and long-term success. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients (5 females, 21 males; mean age 54...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825715/spanish-pacemaker-registry-thirteenth-official-report-of-the-spanish-society-of-cardiology-working-group-on-cardiac-pacing-2015
#17
Marta Pombo Jiménez, Óscar Cano Pérez, María Luisa Fidalgo Andrés, Diego Lorente Carreño, Raúl Coma Samartín
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: We describe the results of the analysis of the devices implanted and conveyed to the Spanish Pacemaker Registry in 2015. METHODS: The report is based on the processing of information provided by the European Pacemaker Patient Identification Card. RESULTS: We received information from 111 hospitals, with a total of 12 555 cards, representing 32.1% of all the estimated activity. The use of conventional generators and resynchronization devices was 820 and 73 units per million population, respectively...
December 2016: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818148/spanish-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-registry-twelfth-official-report-of-the-spanish-society-of-cardiology-electrophysiology-and-arrhythmias-section-2015
#18
Javier Alzueta, Ignacio Fernández-Lozano, Alberto Barrera
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: We present the results of the Spanish Implantable Cardioverter-defibrillator Registry for 2015, as compiled by the Electrophysiology and Arrhythmia Section of the Spanish Society of Cardiology. METHODS: Data collection sheets were voluntarily completed by each implantation team and prospectively sent to the Spanish Society of Cardiology. RESULTS: The number of reported implantations was 5465 (85% of the estimated total number of implantations)...
December 2016: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812817/translabyrinthine-vestibular-neurectomy-and-simultaneous-cochlear-implant-for-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#19
Pietro Canzi, Marco Manfrin, Marco Perotti, Federico Aprile, Silvia Quaglieri, Elisabetta Rebecchi, Giulia Locatelli, Marco Benazzo
BACKGROUND: Surgical management of Ménière's disease (MD) is recommended in case of medical and intratympanic treatment failures. Translabyrinthine vestibular nerve section has been considered the gold standard for denervation procedures in order to control vertigo attacks, although at the cost of sacrificing residual hearing. To the best of our knowledge, no work has been published with regard to a group of patients submitted to translabyrinthine vestibular neurectomy and simultaneous cochlear implant for MD...
January 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784284/case-report-severe-bradycardia-a-reversible-cause-of-cardio-renal-cerebral-syndrome
#20
Mabel Aoun, Randa Tabbah
BACKGROUND: Cardio-Renal Syndromes were first classified in 2008 and divided into five subtypes. The type 1 Cardio-Renal Syndrome (CRS) is characterized by acute decompensation of heart failure leading to acute kidney injury (AKI). Bradyarrhythmia was not mentioned in the classification as a cause for low cardiac output (CO) in type 1 CRS. Besides, CRS was not previously associated with central nervous system (CNS) injury despite the fact that cardiac, renal and neurological diseases can coexist...
October 26, 2016: BMC Nephrology
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