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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332354/inhibition-of-telomerase-potentiates-enzalutamide-efficiency-of-androgen-sensitive-human-prostate-cancer-cells
#1
Karaca Kaan Gecgel, Mustafa Muduroglu, Suat Erdogan
PURPOSE: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is one of the main strategies to treat prostate cancer (PCa) at various stages of its development. Androgen receptor (AR) antagonists such as enzalutamide are mainstay treatments for castration-sensitive prostate cancer. Though, a majority of patients initially respond to ADT, most will eventually progress to castrate-resistant, due to the development of different mutations on the AR. PCa cells express high telomerase activity, and there is a correlation between the total activity of telomerase and the Gleason score...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332338/x-ray-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-sw480-colorectal-cancer-cells-and-its-potential-mechanisms
#2
Suyong Lin, Shaoqin Chen, Zhihua Chen, Qibao Dai, Chunlin Ke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between X-ray irradiation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), as well as the potential mechanisms of X-ray-induced EMT in SW480 colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. METHODS: It is well known that EMT plays a critical role in invasive and metastatic of colorectal cancer progression. However, the possible role of X-ray irradiation on EMT in colorectal cancer is widely disputed and its potential mechanisms are unclear...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332332/a-study-on-cellular-immune-function-of-patients-treated-with-radical-resection-of-pulmonary-carcinoma-with-two-different-methods-of-anesthesia-and-analgesia
#3
Jie Chen, Feng Luo, Min Lei, Zhoumiao Chen
PURPOSE: To compare the influence on the immune system of two different methods of anesthesia and analgesia in patients treated with radical resection of pulmonary carcinoma. METHODS: Thirty-four patients treated with radical resection of pulmonary carcinoma were randomly divided into two groups (group A and group B, 17 cases in each group). Patients in group A were administered total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) without inhaled hypnotics and intravenous analgesia while patients in group B were administered TIVA combined with epidural anesthesia and epidural analgesia...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331993/increased-leisure-time-physical-activity-associated-with-lower-onset-of-diabetes-in-44%C3%A2-828-adults-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Xiang Qian Lao, Han-Bing Deng, Xudong Liu, Ta-Chien Chan, Zilong Zhang, Ly-Yun Chang, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Tony Tam, Martin Chi Sang Wong, G Neil Thomas
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of habitual leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) on incident type 2 diabetes in a prospective cohort of Chinese adults with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). METHODS: 44 828 Chinese adults aged 20-80 years with newly detected IFG but free from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease were recruited and followed up from 1996 to 2014. Incident type 2 diabetes was identified by fasting plasma glucose ≥7 mmol/L. The participants were classified into four categories based on their self-reported weekly LTPA: inactive, low, moderate, or high...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331750/phosphoinositide-3-kinase-inhibitors-in-advanced-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Jacques Raphael, Danielle Desautels, Kathleen I Pritchard, Ekaterina Petkova, Prakeshkumar S Shah
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors may overcome drug resistance and improve advanced breast cancer (ABC) outcomes. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of adding a PI3K inhibitor to the standard of care (SOC) treatment in ABC. The electronic databases Ovid, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Embase, were searched for relevant randomised trials. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) for progression-free survival (PFS) and pooled risk ratios (RRs) for objective response rates (ORRs), disease control rates (DCRs) and toxicity were meta-analysed using the Mantel-Haenszel method and generic inverse variance...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331539/serum-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-risk-of-hospitalization-for-heart-failure-prospective-results-from-the-moli-sani-study
#6
S Costanzo, A De Curtis, A Di Castelnuovo, M Persichillo, M Bonaccio, G Pounis, C Cerletti, M B Donati, G de Gaetano, L Iacoviello
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evidence indicates that Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, although findings on risk of heart failure (HF) are controversial. We investigated the relationship between serum Vitamin D and the incidence of hospitalization for HF in a large prospective cohort of Italian adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: 19,092 (49% men, age range 35-99 years) HF-free individuals from the Moli-sani study, with complete data on serum Vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin) levels and incident hospitalized HF, were analysed...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331311/prediction-of-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-with-the-new-global-initiative-for-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease-2017-classification-a-cohort-study
#7
Anne Gedebjerg, Szimonetta Komjáthiné Szépligeti, Laura-Maria Holm Wackerhausen, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Ronald Dahl, Jens Georg Hansen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Mette Nørgaard, Peter Lange, Reimar Wernich Thomsen
BACKGROUND: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2017 classification separates the spirometric 1-4 staging from the ABCD groups defined by symptoms and exacerbations. Little is known about how this new classification predicts mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to establish the predictive ability of the GOLD 2017 classification, compared with earlier classifications, for all-cause and respiratory mortality, both when using its main ABCD groups and when further subdividing according to spirometric 1-4 staging...
January 10, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331272/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-and-new-onset-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-67-063-patients-with-4-165-incident-heart-failure-events
#8
Jonathan D W Evans, Stephen J H Dobbin, Stephen J Pettit, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Peter Willeit
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically collate and appraise the available evidence regarding the association between high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) and incident heart failure (HF) and the added value of hs-cTn in HF prediction. BACKGROUND: Identification of subjects at high risk for HF and early risk factor modification with medications such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors may delay the onset of HF. Hs-cTn has been suggested as a prognostic marker for the incidence of first-ever HF in asymptomatic subjects...
January 3, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330845/the-association-between-smoking-and-cancer-incidence-in-brca1-and-brca2-mutation-carriers
#9
Kwang-Pil Ko, Shana J Kim, Tomasz Huzarski, Jacek Gronwald, Jan Lubinski, Henry T Lynch, Susan Armel, Sue K Park, Beth Karlan, Christian F Singer, Susan L Neuhausen, Steven A Narod, Joanne Kotsopoulos
Tobacco smoke is an established carcinogen, but the association between tobacco smoking and cancer risk in BRCA mutation carriers is not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate prospectively the association between tobacco smoking and cancer incidence in a cohort of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. The study population consisted of unaffected BRCA mutation carriers. Information on lifestyle including smoking histories, reproductive factors, and past medical histories was obtained through questionnaires...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330165/survival-in-relation-to-multimorbidity-patterns-in-older-adults-in-primary-care-in-barcelona-spain-2010-2014-a-longitudinal-study-based-on-electronic-health-records
#10
Carolina Ibarra-Castillo, Marina Guisado-Clavero, Concepció Violan-Fors, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Tomàs López-Jiménez, Albert Roso-Llorach
BACKGROUND: Several studies have analysed the characteristics of multimorbidity patterns but none have evaluated the relationship with survival. The purpose of this study was to compare survival across older adults with different chronic multimorbidity patterns (CMPs). METHODS: Prospective longitudinal observational study using electronic health records for 190 108 people aged ≥65 years in Barcelona, Spain (2009-2014). CMPs were identified by cluster analysis...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329786/clinicopathological-and-prognostic-significance-of-lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Jian-Ying Ma, Qin Liu
BACKGROUND: Recently, the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) has been reported to be a prognostic factor in multiple malignancies. The current study was designed to assess the prognostic value of pretreatment LMR in gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, and CNKI databases were searched until April 2017. Eligible articles were defined as studies assessing the prognostic role of pretreatment LMR in GC. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) for overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were calculated using fixed-effects or random-effects models...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329323/stroke-risk-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-or-end-stage-renal-disease-two-nationwide-studies
#12
Yih-Giun Cherng, Chao-Shun Lin, Chun-Chuan Shih, Yung-Ho Hsu, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Chaur-Jong Hu, Ta-Liang Chen, Chien-Chang Liao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Because the risk and outcomes of stroke in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were unclear, we evaluated these risks using a retrospective cohort study and a nested cohort study. METHODS: We used Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database to identify 1378 patients aged ≥20 years who had ESRD in 2000-2004. An age- and sex-matched CKD cohort (n = 5512) and a control cohort (n = 11,024) were selected for comparison...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329079/the-interactome-of-ebv-lmp1-evaluated-by-proximity-based-bioid-approach
#13
Mark A Rider, Mujeeb R Cheerathodi, Stephanie N Hurwitz, Dingani Nkosi, Lauren A Howell, Deanna C Tremblay, Xia Liu, Fanxiu Zhu, David G Meckes
Epstein-Barr virus LMP1 is an oncoprotein required for immortalizing B lymphocytes and also plays important roles in transforming non-lymphoid tissue. The discovery of LMP1 protein interactions will likely generate targets to treat EBV-associated cancers. Here, we define the broader LMP1 interactome using the recently developed BioID method. Combined with mass spectrometry, we identified over 1000 proteins across seven independent experiments with direct or indirect relationships to LMP1. Pathway analysis suggests that a significant number of the proteins identified are involved in signal transduction and protein or vesicle trafficking...
January 9, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327821/chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#14
Omer Shahab, Pegah Golabi, Zobair M Younossi
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects many organs in the body, including the liver, kidneys, skin, joints and others. Although the hepatic manifestation of HCV has been widely studied, the extrahepatic manifestaions of HCV have not been fully appreciated. Studies have shown that patients with HCV have a higher risk of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease, as well as poorer outcomes after kidney transplantation. Given these findings, it is important to screen HCV patients for presence of renal impairement in a timely manner...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327093/mir-181-family-specific-behavior-in-different-cancers-a-meta-analysis-view
#15
Cecilia Pop-Bica, Sebastian Pintea, Roxana Cojocneanu-Petric, Giannino Del Sal, Silvano Piazza, Zhao-Hui Wu, Alvaro J Alencar, Izidore S Lossos, Ioana Berindan-Neagoe, George A Calin
The involvement of microRNAs in malignant transformation and cancer progression was previously grounded. The observations made by multiple published studies led to the conclusion that some of these small sequences could be eventually used as biomarkers for diagnosis/prognosis. This meta-analysis investigated whether microRNA-181 family members could predict the outcome of patients carrying different types of cancer. We searched the PubMed and Embase databases for studies evaluating the expression levels of miR-181a/b/c/d in patients with cancer, selecting the publications that assessed the relation between low and high levels of one of these four microRNAs and patients' outcome...
January 11, 2018: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326281/evaluation-of-overall-response-rate-and-progression-free-survival-as-potential-surrogate-endpoints-for-overall-survival-in-immunotherapy-trials
#16
Sirisha L Mushti, Flora Mulkey, Rajeshwari Sridhara
PURPOSE: With the approval of immunotherapies for a variety of indications, methods to assess treatment benefit addressing the response patterns observed are important. We evaluated RECIST criteria based objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free survival (PFS) as potential surrogate endpoints of overall survival (OS), and explored a modified definition of PFS by altering the threshold percentage determining disease progression to assess the association with survival benefit in immunotherapy trials...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325976/profile-of-brugada-syndrome-patients-presenting-with-their-first-documented-arrhythmic-event-data-from-the-survey-on-arrhythmic-events-in-brugada-syndrome-sabrus
#17
Anat Milman, Antoine Andorin, Jean-Baptiste Gourraud, Pieter G Postema, Frederic Sacher, Philippe Mabo, Sung-Hwan Kim, Jimmy Jm Juang, Shingo Maeda, Yoshihide Takahashi, Tsukasa Kamakura, Takeshi Aiba, Giulio Conte, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Eran Leshem, Michael Rahkovich, Aviram Hochstadt, Yuka Mizusawa, Elena Arbelo, Zhengrong Huang, Isabelle Denjoy, Carla Giustetto, Yanushi D Wijeyeratne, Carlo Napolitano, Yoav Michowitz, Ramon Brugada, Ruben Casado-Arroyo, Jean Champagne, Leonardo Calo, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Silvia G Priori, Masahiko Takagi, Christian Veltmann, Pietro Delise, Domenico Corrado, Elijah R Behr, Fiorenzo Gaita, Gan-Xin Yan, Josep Brugada, Antoine Leenhardt, Arthur A M Wilde, Pedro Brugada, Kengo F Kusano, Kenzo Hirao, Gi-Byoung Nam, Vincent Probst, Bernard Belhassen
BACKGROUND: Detailed information on the profile of Brugada syndrome (BrS) patients presenting their first arrhythmic event (AE) after prophylactic implantation of a cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is limited. OBJECTIVES: 1) To compare clinical, electrocardiographic, electrophysiologic and genetic profiles of patients who exhibited their first documented AE as aborted cardiac arrest (CA) (group A) with those in whom the AE was documented after prophylactic ICD implantation (group B); 2) To characterize group B patients' profile using the Class II indications for ICD implantation established by HRS/EHRA/APHRS Expert Consensus Statement in 2013...
January 8, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325220/profile-risk-factors-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-pediatric-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#18
Bikrant Bihari Lal, Seema Alam, Vikrant Sood, Dinesh Rawat, Rajeev Khanna
There are no studies on acute kidney injury (AKI) in pediatric acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). This study was planned with aim to describe the clinical presentation and outcome of AKI among pediatric ACLF patients METHODS: Data of all children 1-18 years of age presenting with ACLF (APASL definition) was reviewed. AKI was defined as per KDIGO guidelines. Poor outcome was defined as death or need for liver transplant within 3 months of development of AKI RESULTS: A total of 84 children with ACLF presented to us in the study period...
January 11, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325121/plasma-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-mortality-in-patients-with-suspected-stable-angina-pectoris
#19
Eirik Degerud, Ottar Nygård, Stefan de Vogel, Rune Hoff, Gard Frodahl Tveitevåg Svingen, Eva Ringdal Pedersen, Dennis Winston Trygve Nilsen, Jan Erik Nordrehaug, Øivind Midttun, Per Magne Ueland, Jutta Dierkes
Context and objective: Vitamin D status may affect cardiovascular disease (CVD) development and survival. We studied the relationship between concentrations of the circulating biomarker 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality risk. Design, Setting, Participants and main Outcome Measures: 25OHD, the sum of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and 25-hydroxyvitamin D2, was analysed in plasma samples from 4114 Caucasian patients with suspected stable angina pectoris, and adjusted for seasonal variation...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324990/weight-gain-after-smoking-cessation-does-not-modify-its-protective-effect-on-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-evidence-from-a-cohort-study-of-men
#20
Kyuwoong Kim, Sang Min Park, Kiheon Lee
Aims: This study aimed to investigate the association between smoking cessation, post-cessation body mass index (BMI) change and risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke in men. Methods and results: A prospective cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) data set collected from 2002 to 2013 was implemented. Based on the first (2002-03) and second (2004-05) NHIS health check-up periods, 108 242 men aged over 40 years without previous diagnoses of MI or stroke were grouped into sustained smokers, quitters with BMI gain, quitters without BMI change, quitters with BMI loss, and non-smokers...
January 6, 2018: European Heart Journal
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