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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728142/strategies-to-improve-private-well-water-quality-a-north-carolina-perspective
#1
REVIEW
Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson, Kelsey J Pieper
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the 44.5 million U.S. residents drawing their drinking water from private wells face higher risks of waterborne contaminant exposure than those served by regulated community water supplies. Among U.S. states, North Carolina (N.C.) has the second-largest population relying on private wells, making it a useful microcosm to study challenges to maintaining private-well water quality. OBJECTIVES: This paper summarizes recommendations from a two-day summit to identify options to improve drinking-water quality for N...
July 7, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726480/from-efficacy-to-effectiveness-to-broad-implementation-evolution-of-the-body-project
#2
Carolyn B Becker, Eric Stice
OBJECTIVE: At the turn of the millennium, eating disorders (EDs) prevention was largely nonexistent. No program had reduced future onset of EDs in even a single trial, and most had not reduced ED symptoms. Sixteen years later, the ED prevention field has translated basic risk factor research into interventions, with demonstrated efficacy and effectiveness in reducing ED risk factors and symptoms, as well as future ED onset in some trials. This article reviews the aforementioned progress focusing on a model intervention (i...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726461/laverne-vern-c-johnson-1925-2016
#3
Paul Nelson
Presents an obituary for Laverne (Vern) C. Johnson, who died at his home in La Mesa, California on October 1, 2016. Vern was a clinical psychologist who for two decades focused on a major program of research on sleep and biological rhythms, with particular emphasis on the relation of sleep loss and recovery to human performance, a matter of particular relevance to military service operations, in which variable work shift schedules and sustained performance over extended time periods are common. His publications attest to a core value he advanced throughout his career, namely, that scientific research at its best is a collaborative, team endeavor...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723661/decreased-risk-of-dementia-in-migraine-patients-with-traditional-chinese-medicine-use-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Chun-Ting Liu, Bei-Yu Wu, Yu-Chiang Hung, Lin-Yi Wang, Yan-Yuh Lee, Tsu-Kung Lin, Pao-Yen Lin, Wu-Fu Chen, Jen-Huai Chiang, Sheng-Feng Hsu, Wen-Long Hu
Patients with migraine are reportedly at increased risk of developing dementia. We aimed to investigate the association between traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) use and dementia risk in migraine patients. This longitudinal cohort study used the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database to identify 32,386 diagnosed migraine patients aged 20 years and above who received treatment from 1997 to 2010. To balance comparability between TCM users and non-TCM users, we randomly selected equal numbers from each group, and compared subgroups compiled based on combinations of age, sex, index year, and year of migraine diagnosis...
July 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722643/aural-rehabilitation-for-older-adults-with-hearing-loss-impacts-on-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Helen N Michaud, Louise Duchesne
BACKGROUND: Few systematic reviews have been conducted regarding aural rehabilitation for adults with hearing loss, with none specifically targeting the older adult population. With prevalence rates of hearing loss being highest in older adults, examining the effects of aural rehabilitation on this population is warranted. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of aural rehabilitation on quality of life in an older adult population presenting with hearing loss. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies with adults presenting with hearing loss, ≥50 yr of age, with or without hearing aids, receiving interventions such as auditory training, speech-reading, communication strategies training, speech tracking, counseling, or a combination of approaches, and measuring outcomes related to quality of life, in an individual or group format, with or without significant others and with no limitations as to year of publication...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720128/the-utility-of-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-mini-cex-in-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-education-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#6
Sara Mortaz Hejri, Mohammad Jalili, Mandana Shirazi, Rasoul Masoomi, Saharnaz Nedjat, John Norcini
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequently used assessment tools that measure the trainees' performance in workplace is the mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX), in which an expert observes and rates the actual performance of trainees. Several primary studies have evaluated the effectiveness of mini-CEX by assessing its educational and psychometric properties. The objective of this BEME review is to explore, analyze, and synthesize the evidence considering the utility of the mini-CEX for assessing undergraduate and postgraduate medical trainees...
July 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715930/transcription-analysis-of-cochlear-development-in-minipigs
#7
Qinghua Wang, Yan Zhang, Weiwei Guo, Yu Liu, Hong Wei, Shiming Yang
CONCLUSIONS: The critical stage for cochlear gene regulation in the embryo is E49-E56. These data provide a valuable resource to help elucidate gene regulation in cochlear development and will benefit ear-related studies, especially those that focus on gene and stem cell therapies in hearing loss. OBJECTIVES: To investigate gene regulation in cochlear development and provide reference information for ear-related research. METHODS: Total RNA extraction from the Bama miniature pig cochlea was performed at five time points that covered most of the cochlea development process (E42, E49, E56, E91, P13)...
July 18, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715847/language-sampling-with-adolescents-building-a-normative-database-with-fables
#8
Marilyn A Nippold, Laura M Vigeland, Megan W Frantz-Kaspar, Jeannene M Ward-Lonergan
Purpose: The goal of the study was to create a language sampling task appropriate for adolescents and to contribute normative data from speakers with typical language development. Method: Thirty adolescents (mean age = 14 years, 1 month) participated in an interview that involved the retelling and interpretation of 4 Greek fables. Each speaker's performance on the task was audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and entered into the Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts computer program (Miller & Iglesias, 2015)...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710936/leadership-mentoring-in-nursing-research-career-development-and-scholarly-productivity-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Thóra B Hafsteinsdóttir, Angeli M van der Zwaag, Marieke J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: Although nursing has been an academic discipline for decades, the infrastructure for nursing research in many countries is still fragile and struggling. Postdoctoral nurses have difficulties developing sustaining careers in nursing research due to lack of career opportunities. Considerable research has been conducted on leadership and mentoring in various areas of nursing. We aimed to systematically review the literature investigating leadership programs and mentoring for postdoctoral nurse researchers, as well as the influence of leadership and mentoring on research productivity, research career development, leadership knowledge and skills, the nurses' health and well-being, staff relationships, work culture and collaboration, salaries and postdoctoral nurses' experiences...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705788/how-do-clinicians-learn-about-knowledge-translation-an-investigation-of-current-web-based-learning-opportunities
#10
Raechel A Damarell, Jennifer J Tieman
BACKGROUND: Clinicians are important stakeholders in the translation of well-designed research evidence into clinical practice for optimal patient care. However, the application of knowledge translation (KT) theories and processes may present conceptual and practical challenges for clinicians. Online learning platforms are an effective means of delivering KT education, providing an interactive, time-efficient, and affordable alternative to face-to-face education programs. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the availability and accessibility of online KT learning opportunities for health professionals...
July 13, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704635/rehabilitation-and-improvement-of-health-related-quality-of-life-detriments-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-meta-analysis
#11
Cameron J Powden, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew C Hoch
OBJECTIVE:   To conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of conservative rehabilitation programs for improving health-related quality of life (HRQL) in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). DATA SOURCES:   PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus were searched from inception to January 2016. STUDY SELECTION:   Studies were included if the researchers examined the effects of a conservative rehabilitation protocol in individuals with CAI, used validated patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to quantify participant-perceived HRQL, and provided adequate data to calculate the effect sizes (ESs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703616/the-protective-behavioral-strategies-for-marijuana-scale-further-examination-using-item-response-theory
#12
Eric R Pedersen, Wenjing Huang, Robert D Dvorak, Mark A Prince, Justin F Hummer
Given recent state legislation legalizing marijuana for recreational purposes and majority popular opinion favoring these laws, we developed the Protective Behavioral Strategies for Marijuana scale (PBSM) to identify strategies that may mitigate the harms related to marijuana use among those young people who choose to use the drug. In the current study, we expand on the initial exploratory study of the PBSM to further validate the measure with a large and geographically diverse sample (N = 2,117; 60% women, 30% non-White) of college students from 11 different universities across the United States...
July 13, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702175/costs-of-hospitalization-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-illness-among-children-aged-5-years-and-the-financial-impact-on-households-in-bangladesh-2010
#13
Mejbah Uddin Bhuiyan, Stephen P Luby, Nadia Ishrat Alamgir, Nusrat Homaira, Katharine Sturm-Ramirez, Emily S Gurley, Jaynal Abedin, Rashid Uz Zaman, Asm Alamgir, Mahmudur Rahman, Ismael R Ortega-Sanchez, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of acute respiratory illness in young children and results in significant economic burden. There is no vaccine to prevent RSV illness but a number of vaccines are in development. We conducted this study to estimate the costs of severe RSV illness requiring hospitalization among children <5 years and associated financial impact on households in Bangladesh. Data of this study could be useful for RSV vaccine development and also the value of various preventive strategies, including use of an RSV vaccine in children if one becomes available...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701980/depression-and-anxiety-prevention-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-at-risk-adolescents-a-meta-analytic-review
#14
Sanne P A Rasing, Daan H M Creemers, Jan M A M Janssens, Ron H J Scholte
Depression and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders during adolescence. During this life phase, the incidence of these clinical disorders rises dramatically, and even more adolescents suffer from symptoms of depression or anxiety that are just below the clinical threshold. Both clinical and subclinical levels of depression or anxiety symptoms are related to decreased functioning in various areas, such as social and academic functioning. Prevention of depression and anxiety in adolescents is therefore imperative...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701222/how-well-do-icd-9-physician-claim-diagnostic-codes-identify-confirmed-pertussis-cases-in-alberta-canada-a-canadian-immunization-research-network-cirn-study
#15
Sumana Fathima, Kimberley A Simmonds, Steven J Drews, Lawrence W Svenson, Jeffrey C Kwong, Salaheddin M Mahmud, Susan Quach, Caitlin Johnson, Kevin L Schwartz, Natasha S Crowcroft, Margaret L Russell
BACKGROUND: Rates of Bordetella pertussis have been increasing in Alberta, Canada despite vaccination programs. Waning immunity from existing acellular component vaccines may be contributing to this. Vaccine effectiveness can be estimated using a variety of data sources including diagnostic codes from physician billing claims, public health records, reportable disease and laboratory databases. We sought to determine if diagnostic codes from billing claims (administrative data) are adequately sensitive and specific to identify pertussis cases among patients who had undergone disease-specific laboratory testing...
July 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694221/nordic-walking-for-the-management-of-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Manca, Daniele Dragone, Franca Deriu, Paolo Solla, Claudio Secci, Marco Monticone, Giuseppe Mercuro
BACKGROUND: It is well known that physical exercise is the main therapeutic element of rehabilitation programs for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). As traditional forms of exercise can guarantee significant health benefits, the emergence of non-conventional physical activities, such as Nordic walking (NW), may add positive effects. OBJECTIVE: To appraise the available evidence on the main effects of NW in the rehabilitation programs for people with PD and to propose a design for upcoming research that might improve the uniformity of future trials...
July 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692880/effects-of-life-review-on-mental-health-and-well-being-among-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Xiaoling Zhang, Huimin Xiao, Ying Chen
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients often experience psychological distress. Life review has increasingly been used to enhance their mental health and well-being. However, no systematic review has synthesized the evidence, and its effects remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine and synthesize the best available evidence on the effects of life review on mental health and well-being among cancer patients. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials and clinical controlled trials...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691851/initiation-dropout-and-outcome-from-evidence-based-psychotherapies-in-a-va-ptsd-outpatient-clinic
#18
Barbara L Niles, Craig P Polizzi, Emily Voelkel, Elizabeth S Weinstein, Katharine Smidt, Lisa M Fisher
Trauma-focused, evidence-based psychotherapies (TF-EBPs) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been widely promoted in the Veterans Health Administration to provide access to state-of-the-art treatments, but dropout rates may affect the impact of TF-EBPs. The current study summarizes findings from a program evaluation of 67 veterans assigned to trauma-focused treatment in a Veterans Affairs outpatient PTSD clinic. Outcomes of interest include attendance rates, dropout rates and patterns, treatment paths, changes in self-reported symptoms, and clinician ratings...
July 10, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690702/journal-aspirations-improving-scientific-writing-and-publication-through-a-writing-mentorship-program
#19
EDITORIAL
Ann Blair Kennedy
Looking to help novice scientific writers improve their skills and enhance the likelihood of scientific publication, the IJTMB launched a writing mentorship program. Research indicates that when novice writers have a mentor and work on writing as a team, the authors can gain self-efficacy, manuscripts are improved, thoughts and writing are clarified, and differing perspectives are added. This editorial identifies the process for being recommended to use a writing mentor, discusses recommendations in the forming of a mentor/mentee relationship, describes the qualities of good mentors and mentees, and offers suggestions for improving writing for scientific publication...
June 2017: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688968/are-surgical-milestone-assessments-predictive-of-in-training-examination-scores
#20
Mary K Kimbrough, Carol R Thrush, Emily Barrett, Frederick R Bentley, Kevin W Sexton
OBJECTIVES: With the recent utilization of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education developmental milestones as part of resident evaluation, we sought to explore whether milestone-based ratings were associated with American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) scores. METHODS: Mid-year milestone ratings were obtained from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Accreditation Database System for years 2014, 2015, and 2016 for all postgraduate years 1-5 general surgery residents in our program and paired with ABSITE scores (n = 69) from January of the following year...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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