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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538427/return-on-investment-of-advanced-practice-medical-degrees-nps-vs-pas
#1
Christopher K Craig, James H Holmes, Jeffery E Carter
As the United States faces a predicted physician shortage over the next 2 decades, physician assistants (PAs) and NPs are expected to fill the void. At the same time, because education is expensive, student loan and tuition increases have many potential applicants assessing differences in reimbursement and wondering about their return on investment (ROI). An analysis compared PA and NP salaries by incorporating national salary data, federal income tax, and student loans for a comparative analysis of each career pathway...
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533698/use-of-the-medicare-database-in-epidemiologic-and-health-services-research-a-valuable-source-of-real-world-evidence-on-the-older-and-disabled-populations-in-the-us
#2
REVIEW
Katherine E Mues, Alexander Liede, Jiannong Liu, James B Wetmore, Rebecca Zaha, Brian D Bradbury, Allan J Collins, David T Gilbertson
Medicare is the federal health insurance program for individuals in the US who are aged ≥65 years, select individuals with disabilities aged <65 years, and individuals with end-stage renal disease. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services grants researchers access to Medicare administrative claims databases for epidemiologic and health outcomes research. The data cover beneficiaries' encounters with the health care system and receipt of therapeutic interventions, including medications, procedures, and services...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532889/effect-of-self-myofascial-release-on-myofascial-pain-muscle-flexibility-and-strength-a-narrative-review
#3
Leonid Kalichman, Chen Ben David
BACKGROUND: Numerous techniques have been employed to treat myofascial pain syndrome. Self-myofascial release (SMFR) is a relatively new technique of soft tissue mobilization. The simplicity and portability of the SMFR tools allow it to be easily implemented in any type of fitness or rehabilitation program. It is an active method and can be used by anyone at home or at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: To review the current methods of SMFR, their mechanisms, and efficacy in treating myofascial pain, improving muscle flexibility and strength...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530527/health-care-costs-associated-with-addition-titration-and-switching-antihypertensive-medications-after-first-line-treatment-results-from-a-commercially-insured-sample
#4
Kalyani B Sonawane Deshmukh, Jingjing Qian, Kimberly B Garza, Bradley M Wright, Peng Zeng, Cecilia M Ganduglia Cazaban, Richard A Hansen
BACKGROUND: Treatment modifications are necessary for addressing issues related to efficacy and tolerance of first-line monotherapy, but they increase the economic burden on patients and their health plans. Understanding the differences in costs between alternative treatment modification strategies, if any, can serve as a guideline for clinical decision making and for designing cost-containment strategies. OBJECTIVE: To compare the health care utilization costs between (a) addition (i...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529078/hcsgd-an-integrated-database-of-human-cellular-senescence-genes
#5
Qiongye Dong, Hongqing Han, Xuehui Liu, Lei Wei, Wei Zhang, Zhen Zhao, Michael Q Zhang, Xiaowo Wang
Cellular senescence is an irreversible cell cycle arrest program in response to various exogenous and endogenous stimuli like telomere dysfunction and DNA damage. It has been widely accepted as an anti-tumor program and is also found closely related to embryo development, tissue repair, organismal aging and age-related degenerative diseases. In the past decades, numerous efforts have been made to uncover the gene regulatory mechanisms of cellular senescence. There is a strong demand to integrate these data from various resources into one open platform...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515914/analysis-of-the-function-of-microrna-375-in-humans-using-bioinformatics
#6
Xiaohua Chen, Baoxia Li, Rongcheng Luo, Sina Cai, Cao Zhang, Xiaolong Cao
MicroRNA-375 (miR-375) is expressed at low levels in many types of solid tumor, particularly in gastrointestinal tumors. It is considered to be important in the development of cancer and certain diseases. Thus, more detailed knowledge is required on the particular functions of miR-375. miRs function by regulating target genes. Therefore, in the current study, miRWalk (which includes the data from 10 prediction software programs) was used to predict the target genes of miR-375. The genes, which were co-predicted using five different software programs were further analyzed using Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery online software [including gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis]...
May 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514954/needle-exchange-programs-for-the-prevention-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-people-who-inject-drugs-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#7
Stephen M Davis, Shay Daily, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, George A Kelley, Keith Zullig, Adam Baus, Danielle Davidov, Melanie Fisher
BACKGROUND: Previous research on the effectiveness of needle exchange programs (NEP) in preventing hepatitis C virus (HCV) in people who inject drugs (PWID) has shown mixed findings. The purpose of this study was to use the meta-analytic approach to examine the association between NEP use and HCV prevention in PWIDs. METHODS: Study inclusion criteria were (1) observational studies, (2) PWIDs, (3) NEP use, (4) HCV status ascertained by serological testing, (5) studies published in any language since January 1, 1989, and (6) data available for measures of association...
May 17, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512065/long-term-functional-and-psychosocial-outcomes-after-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-a-case-controlled-comparison-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Meredith Harbinson, Sareh Zarshenas, Nora Cullen
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing rate of survival from Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury (HIBI), there is a paucity of evidence on the long-term functional outcomes after inpatient rehabilitation among these non-traumatic patients compared to patients with Traumatic Brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: To compare functional and psychosocial outcomes of patients with HIBI vs. case-matched patients with TBI 4 to11 years after brain insult. DESIGN: Retrospective, matched case-controlled study...
May 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511108/wine-yeasts-identification-by-maldi-tof-ms-optimization-of-the-preanalytical-steps-and-development-of-an-extensible-open-source-platform-for-processing-and-analysis-of-an-in-house-ms-database
#9
Cristina Gutiérrez, M Ángeles Gómez-Flechoso, Ignacio Belda, Javier Ruiz, Nour Kayali, Luis Polo, Antonio Santos
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the most important yeast species for the production of wine and other beverages. In addition, nowadays, researchers and winemakers are aware of the influence of non-Saccharomyces in wine aroma complexity. Due to the high microbial diversity associated to several agro-food processes, such as winemaking, developing fast and accurate methods for microbial identification is demanded. In this context, MALDI-TOF MS mass fingerprint provides reliable tool for fast biotyping and classification of microorganisms...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505222/discourse-characteristics-in-aphasia-beyond-the-western-aphasia-battery-cutoff
#10
Davida Fromm, Margaret Forbes, Audrey Holland, Sarah Grace Dalton, Jessica Richardson, Brian MacWhinney
Purpose: This study examined discourse characteristics of individuals with aphasia who scored at or above the 93.8 cutoff on the Aphasia Quotient subtests of the Western Aphasia Battery-Revised (WAB-R; Kertesz, 2007). They were compared with participants without aphasia and those with anomic aphasia. Method: Participants were from the AphasiaBank database and included 28 participants who were not aphasic by WAB-R score (NABW), 92 participants with anomic aphasia, and 177 controls...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503194/what-are-effective-strategies-for-implementing-trauma-informed-care-in-youth-inpatient-psychiatric-and-residential-treatment-settings-a-realist-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Stephanie A Bryson, Emma Gauvin, Ally Jamieson, Melanie Rathgeber, Lorelei Faulkner-Gibson, Sarah Bell, Jana Davidson, Jennifer Russel, Sharlynne Burke
BACKGROUND: Many young people who receive psychiatric care in inpatient or residential settings in North America have experienced various forms of emotional trauma. Moreover, these settings can exacerbate trauma sequelae. Common practices, such as seclusion and restraint, put young people at risk of retraumatization, development of comorbid psychopathology, injury, and even death. In response, psychiatric and residential facilities have embraced trauma-informed care (TIC), an organizational change strategy which aligns service delivery with treatment principles and discrete interventions designed to reduce rates of retraumatization through responsive and non-coercive staff-client interactions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500672/telomere-length-and-fetal-programming-a-review-of-recent-scientific-advances
#12
Valerie E Whiteman, Anjali Goswami, Hamisu M Salihu
We sought to synthesize a comprehensive literature review comprising recent research linking fetal programming to fetal telomere length. We also explored the potential effects fetal telomere length shortening has on fetal phenotypes. Utilizing the PubMed database as our primary search engine, we retrieved and reviewed 165 articles of published research. The inclusion criteria limited the articles to those that appeared within the last ten years, were pertinent to humans, and without restriction to language of publication...
May 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498027/asthma-and-early-herniated-intervertebral-disc-disease
#13
Cheng-Di Chiu, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Hean-Pat Saw, Nai-Wei Yao, Hung-Rong Yen, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: The etiology of herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD) disease in children and adolescents is multifactorial and not merely related to disc degeneration. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the relationship between young asthma patients and the risk of early HIVD disease in a population under 30 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan were used to conduct a retrospective longitudinal cohort study...
May 12, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493742/effects-of-alcohol-initial-gambling-outcomes-impulsivity-and-gambling-cognitions-on-gambling-behavior-using-a-video-poker-task
#14
William R Corbin, Jessica M Cronce
Drinking and gambling frequently co-occur, and concurrent gambling and drinking may lead to greater negative consequences than either behavior alone. Building on prior research on the effects of alcohol, initial gambling outcomes, impulsivity, and gambling cognitions on gambling behaviors using a chance-based (nonstrategic) slot-machine task, the current study explored the impact of these factors on a skill-based (strategic) video poker task. We anticipated larger average bets and greater gambling persistence under alcohol relative to placebo, and expected alcohol effects to be moderated by initial gambling outcomes, impulsivity, and gambling cognitions...
June 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493739/sample-size-determination-for-examining-interaction-effects-in-factorial-designs-under-variance-heterogeneity
#15
Gwowen Shieh
Moderation analysis is a vital aspect of research in education, management, psychology, and related disciplines. Although several methodological artifacts have been identified and examined, heterogeneity of variance remains one of the unique and problematic factors known as detrimental to statistical power in the detection of moderating effects. To alleviate the difficulty in assessing moderation because of low statistical power, this article describes feasible solutions to sample size calculations for tests of hypothesized interactions between categorical variables under variance heterogeneity...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493730/behavioral-health-services-in-urban-american-indian-health-organizations-a-descriptive-portrait
#16
Andrew Pomerville, Joseph P Gone
The federal Indian Health Service (IHS) is the primary funding source for health services designated for American Indians (AIs; Gone & Trimble, 2012). Urban Indian health organizations (UIHOs), funded in part by IHS, are typically the only sites in large metropolitan settings offering treatments tailored to AI health needs. This is a first look at how mental health treatment is structured at UIHOs. UIHO staff at 17 of 34 UIHOs responded to our request to participate (50%), 14 employed behavioral health program directors who could complete the survey on behalf of their programs, and 11 of these submitted complete data regarding their current treatment practices and personal attitudes toward empirically supported treatments...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487832/isfahan-misp-dataset
#17
Masoud Kashefpur, Rahele Kafieh, Sahar Jorjandi, Hadis Golmohammadi, Zahra Khodabande, Mohammadreza Abbasi, Nilufar Teifuri, Ali Akbar Fakharzadeh, Maryam Kashefpoor, Hossein Rabbani
An online depository was introduced to share clinical ground truth with the public and provide open access for researchers to evaluate their computer-aided algorithms. PHP was used for web programming and MySQL for database managing. The website was entitled "biosigdata.com." It was a fast, secure, and easy-to-use online database for medical signals and images. Freely registered users could download the datasets and could also share their own supplementary materials while maintaining their privacies (citation and fee)...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487831/a-new-parallel-approach-for-accelerating-the-gpu-based-execution-of-edge-detection-algorithms
#18
Zahra Emrani, Soroosh Bateni, Hossein Rabbani
Real-time image processing is used in a wide variety of applications like those in medical care and industrial processes. This technique in medical care has the ability to display important patient information graphi graphically, which can supplement and help the treatment process. Medical decisions made based on real-time images are more accurate and reliable. According to the recent researches, graphic processing unit (GPU) programming is a useful method for improving the speed and quality of medical image processing and is one of the ways of real-time image processing...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486413/hospitalizations-in-pediatric-and-adult-patients-for-all-cancer-type-in-italy-the-epikit-study-under-the-e-u-coheirs-project-on-environment-and-health
#19
Prisco Piscitelli, Immacolata Marino, Andrea Falco, Matteo Rivezzi, Roberto Romano, Restituta Mazzella, Cosimo Neglia, Giulia Della Rosa, Giuseppe Pellerano, Giuseppe Militerno, Adriana Bonifacino, Gaetano Rivezzi, Roberto Romizi, Giuseppe Miserotti, Maurizio Montella, Fabrizio Bianchi, Alessandra Marinelli, Antonella De Donno, Giovanni De Filippis, Giuseppe Serravezza, Gianluca Di Tanna, Dennis Black, Valerio Gennaro, Mario Ascolese, Alessandro Distante, Ernesto Burgio, Massimo Crespi, Annamaria Colao
Background: Cancer Registries (CRs) remain the gold standard for providing official epidemiological estimations. However, due to CRs' partial population coverage, hospitalization records might represent a valuable tool to provide additional information on cancer occurrence and expenditures at national/regional level for research purposes. The Epidemiology of Cancer in Italy (EPIKIT) study group has been built up, within the framework of the Civic Observers for Health and Environment: Initiative of Responsibility and Sustainability (COHEIRS) project under the auspices of the Europe for Citizens Program, to assess population health indicators...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484357/induced-abortion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Saeed Dastgiri, Maryam Yoosefian, Mehraveh Garjani, Leila R Kalankesh
BACKGROUND: Induced abortion accounts for 1 in 8 of approximately 600000 maternal deaths that occur annually worldwide. Induced abortion rate can be considered as one of the indicators for assessing availability of the appropriate reproductive health plans for women and identifying needs for appropriate related health policies and programs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Researchers searched Pubmed, Google Scholar, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Iranian Scientific Information Database (SID), Iranian biomedical journals (Iranmedex), and Iranian Research Institute of Information and Documentation (Irandoc) between January 2000 and June 2013, which reported induced abortion...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
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