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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774777/current-research-status-of-palliative-care-in-mainland-china
#1
Tao Wang, Alex Molassiotis, Betty Pui Man Chung, Jing-Yu Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to obtain an overview of the current research status of palliative care in Mainland China and identify research directions for future studies by characterizing palliative care studies conducted among patients with any life-limiting illness in Mainland China and published in a peer-reviewed journal before November 2016. METHODS: A review guide with 7 categories was initially developed based on existing international palliative care definitions and guidelines through content analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771568/it-s-about-time-earlier-rewards-increase-intrinsic-motivation
#2
Kaitlin Woolley, Ayelet Fishbach
Can immediate (vs. delayed) rewards increase intrinsic motivation? Prior research compared the presence versus absence of rewards. By contrast, this research compared immediate versus delayed rewards, predicting that more immediate rewards increase intrinsic motivation by creating a perceptual fusion between the activity and its goal (i.e., the reward). In support of the hypothesis, framing a reward from watching a news program as more immediate (vs. delayed) increased intrinsic motivation to watch the program (Study 1), and receiving more immediate bonus (vs...
June 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770625/risks-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-grade-3-or-invasive-cancers-in-ascus-women-with-different-management-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Yi Jou Tai, Yun Yuan Chen, Huang Cheng Hsu, Chun Ju Chiang, San Lin You, Chi An Chen, Wen Fang Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the progression risk of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) with different clinical managements. METHODS: Women with their first diagnosis of ASCUS cytology were retrieved from the national cervical cancer screening database and linked to the national health insurance research database to identify the management of these women. The incidences of developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 and invasive cervical cancer (CIN3+) were calculated, and the hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated using a Cox proportional hazards model...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769113/thinking-beyond-opisthorchis-viverrini-for-risk-of-cholangiocarcinoma-in-the-lower-mekong-region-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Jennifer A Steele, Carsten H Richter, Pierre Echaubard, Parichat Saenna, Virginia Stout, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Bruce A Wilcox
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a fatal bile duct cancer associated with infection by the liver fluke, Opisthorchis viverrini, in the lower Mekong region. Numerous public health interventions have focused on reducing exposure to O. viverrini, but incidence of CCA in the region remains high. While this may indicate the inefficacy of public health interventions due to complex social and cultural factors, it may further indicate other risk factors or interactions with the parasite are important in pathogenesis of CCA...
May 17, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768610/factors-associated-with-the-utilization-of-dental-health-services-by-the-pediatric-population-an-integrative-review
#5
Davi Silva Carvalho Curi, Andreia Cristina Leal Figueiredo, Silvia Regina Jamelli
This integrative literature review aimed to analyze studies about factors associated with the utilization of dental health services by the pediatric population between zero and 15 years old, published between 2006 and 2016 and available in Portuguese, English or Spanish. A survey of articles in the Lilacs and Medline databases was carried out, using the search strategy: ("dental care/utilization" OR "dental health services/utilization") AND ("child" OR "child, preschool") AND NOT adult...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768609/-evaluation-of-the-national-school-food-program-review-of-the-literature
#6
Dixis Figueroa Pedraza, Nadinne Lívia Silva de Melo, Franciely Albuquerque Silva, Erika Morganna Neves Araujo
The National School Food Program (PNAE) constitutes an important strategy for the promotion of healthy eating. The objective was to perform a brief analysis of evaluative research on the PNAE. It involved a search of the literature from 2010 to 2015 in the Bireme and Scielo databases. Twelve articles were selected linked to the area, eight of which analyzed the insertion of the nutritionist in the PNAE; seven, to buy food from family farms; five, the implementation of School Food Councils; five, the compilation of menus; and four, funding destined for the PNAE...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767823/the-validity-of-open-source-data-when-assessing-jail-suicides
#7
Amanda L Thomas, Jacqueline Scott, Jeff Mellow
BACKGROUND: The Bureau of Justice Statistics' Deaths in Custody Reporting Program is the primary source for jail suicide research, though the data is restricted from general dissemination. This study is the first to examine whether jail suicide data obtained from publicly available sources can help inform our understanding of this serious public health problem. METHODS: Of the 304 suicides that were reported through the DCRP in 2009, roughly 56 percent (N = 170) of those suicides were identified through the open-source search protocol...
May 9, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765117/risk-of-poisoning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Maite Ruiz-Goikoetxea, Samuele Cortese, Sara Magallón, Maite Aznárez-Sanado, Noelia Álvarez Zallo, Elkin O Luis, Pilar de Castro-Manglano, Cesar Soutullo, Gonzalo Arrondo
Poisoning, a subtype of physical injury, is an important hazard in children and youth. Individuals with ADHD may be at higher risk of poisoning. Here, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantify this risk. Furthermore, since physical injuries, likely share causal mechanisms with those of poisoning, we compared the relative risk of poisoning and injuries pooling studies reporting both. As per our pre-registered protocol (PROSPERO ID CRD42017079911), we searched 114 databases through November 2017...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764767/a-systematic-review-of-mobile-produce-markets-facilitators-and-barriers-to-use-and-associations-with-reported-fruit-and-vegetable-intake
#9
Bi-Sek Hsiao, Lindiwe Sibeko, Lisa M Troy
BACKGROUND: Diet-related chronic diseases are a major public health burden. There is growing awareness that disparities in healthful food access contribute to disparities in health. Mobile produce markets (MPMs) have emerged as a strategy to improve fruit and vegetable access and consumption, particularly among low-income, minority, and other vulnerable populations (eg, older adults and children) in food desert neighborhoods. OBJECTIVE: This review examined research on MPMs in the United States and specifically aimed to assess the relationship between MPM use and fruit and/or vegetable intake, and facilitators and barriers related to MPM use within a social ecological framework...
May 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761868/evaluating-the-use-of-kim-1-in-drug-development-and-research-following-fda-qualification
#10
Ru Chen, Sarmistha Sanyal, Aliza Thompson, Joachim H Ix, Kylie Haskins, Laurie Muldowney, Shashi Amur
The Biomarker Qualification Program was established at the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER), Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to expedite the integration of promising biomarkers across multiple drug development programs. The first set of biomarkers qualified in 2008 consisted of seven nonclinical safety biomarkers for the detection of acute drug-induced nephrotoxicity in rats, and included urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1). This article discusses the use of KIM-1 in drug development and research before and after CDER's qualification of KIM-1...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761461/bovine-genome-database-tools-for-mining-the-bos-taurus-genome
#11
Darren E Hagen, Deepak R Unni, Aditi Tayal, Gregory W Burns, Christine G Elsik
The Bovine Genome Database (BGD; http://bovinegenome.org ) is a web-accessible resource that supports bovine genomics research by providing genome annotation and data mining tools. BovineMine is a tool within BGD that integrates BGD data, including the genome, genes, precomputed gene expression levels and variant consequences, with external data sources that include quantitative trait loci (QTL), orthologues, Gene Ontology, gene interactions, and pathways. BovineMine enables researchers without programming skills to create custom integrated datasets for use in downstream analyses...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757048/interprofessional-education-involving-didactic-teamstepps%C3%A2-and-interactive-healthcare-simulation-a-systematic-review
#12
Lauren A Welsch, Johanna Hoch, Rebecca Deal Poston, V Andrea Parodi, Muge Akpinar-Elci
The didactic portion of TeamSTEPPS®, which focuses on teaching teamwork and communication, coupled with interactive simulation methods provides a unique interprofessional education (IPE) learning environment. Across the literature there are a wide variety of such programs described, but there is not a consensus on the most effective methodology. A systematic review was therefore undertaken to synthesize, critically appraise, and evaluate existing literature on IPE programs that utilize didactic TeamSTEPPS in conjunction with interactive healthcare simulation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754433/unsung-heroes-flying-blind-a-metasynthesis-of-parents-experiences-of-caring-for-children-with-special-health-care-needs-at-home
#13
Carina Nygård, Anne Clancy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To aggregate, synthesize and interpret qualitative research studies of parents' experiences of caring for a child with special health care needs at home. BACKGROUND: Advances in the field of medical and nursing science have ensured better survival rates for children with chronic illnesses. Many of these children have significant special health care needs. Today parents assume a caregiver role, undertaking tasks previously provided by nurses in hospitals...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754113/interprofessional-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-program-an-integrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Dennis C Fronda, Arwa Atef Obeidat
OBJECTIVES: Interprofessional (IP) competencies are critical for successful collaborative practice. Nurse education, through interprofessional simulation, plays a critical role in preparing nursing students achieve these competencies. Although considerable research has been conducted on this topic, a broader perspective is lacking. This review systematically appraised and synthesized evidence examining the effects of interprofessional simulation on nursing students' outcomes. DESIGN: An integrative review method guided this review...
May 4, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748099/scholarly-impact-of-student-participation-in-radiation-oncology-research
#15
Munizay Paracha, Kristine N Kim, Muhammad M Qureshi, Aishwarya Shah, Ankit Agarwal, Teviah Sachs, Suzanne Sarfaty, Ariel E Hirsch
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of non-doctoral student authors publishing in an academic journal over time and to analyze the effects student authors have on the scholarly impact of corresponding authors (CAs) by comparing their respective H-index (Hi ). METHODS AND MATERIALS: A database was created of authors who published articles in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics in 2006, 2010, and 2014 that included CA, degree, and student author designations...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746475/realization-of-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-rwanda
#16
Janet Njelesani, Jenna Siegel, Emily Ullrich
This scoping study assessed the realization of the rights for persons with disabilities in Rwanda since the signing of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) in 2008. Underpinned by the five-stage framework of Arksey and O'Malley, the scoping study examined peer-reviewed literature published between 2008 and 2017. Nine electronic databases were searched using keywords specific to disability in Rwanda. Data were charted by three reviewers according to pre-determined and emergent categories...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745263/school-based-and-community-based-gun-safety-educational-strategies-for-injury-prevention
#17
Cheryl Holly, Sallie Porter, Mary Kamienski, Aubrianne Lim
BACKGROUND: Nearly 1,300 children in the United States die because of firearm-related injury each year and another 5,790 survive gunshot wounds, making the prevention of firearm-related unintentional injury to children of vital importance to families, health professionals, and policy makers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence on school-based and community-based gun safety programs for children aged 3 to 18 years. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745051/innovation-in-organ-transplantation-a-meeting-report
#18
Jay A Fishman, Melissa Greenwald
This workshop targeted opportunities to stimulate transformative innovation in organ transplantation. Participants reached consensus regarding the following: 1) Mechanisms are needed to improve the coordination of policy and oversight activities, given overlapping responsibilities for transplantation and clinical investigation among federal agencies. Innovative clinical trials span traditional administrative boundaries and include stakeholders with diverse interests. Participants identified the need for a governmental inter-agency working group to coordinate nation-wide transplant-related activities...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740354/increased-risk-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-allergic-diseases-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Hsin-An Chang, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Yu-Chen Kao, Chuan-Chia Chang, Hui-Wen Yeh, Wei-Shan Chiang, Yu-Ching Chou, Shan-Yueh Chang, Wu-Chien Chien
Background/objective: Allergic diseases, such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and psychiatric disorders, are major health issues. There have been reports that allergic diseases were associated with depression or anxiety disorders. This study aimed to investigate the association between these allergic diseases and the risk of developing overall psychiatric disorders in patients from Taiwan. Methods: This cohort study used the database of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739895/long-term-survival-rates-of-patients-with-stage-iii-iv-hodgkin-lymphoma-according-to-age-sex-race-and-socioeconomic-status-1984-2013
#20
Yushi Li, Huanhuan Sun, Yan Yan, Tiantian Sun, Shuncong Wang, Haiqing Ma
BACKGROUND: Long-term survival rates for patients with stage III-IV Hodgkin lymphoma, or advanced Hodgkin lymphoma (aHL), have increased substantially since the 1960s. Because large-scale research of aHL is rare, we aimed to demonstrate the differences in incidence and survival of aHL according to four patient variables in recent decades, with a focus on the outcomes of treatment of aHL and the advancement of public health care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on aHL cases diagnosed during 1984-2013 were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database...
May 8, 2018: Oncologist
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