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Rebekah Carter, Yenna Salamonson, Lucie M Ramjan, Elizabeth Halcomb
BACKGROUND: Timely and meaningful feedback is essential to promote active learning and student engagement with learning. However, achieving this remains elusive, particularly in undergraduate nursing programs that admit large student cohorts. One strategy to provide meaningful en masse feedback is to provide feed-forward support by using exemplars. To date, there has been limited evaluation of the effectiveness of this feedback strategy. OBJECTIVE: To review the impact of using exemplars as a feedback strategy to support student academic writing in higher education...
March 3, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Chance R Anderson, Breena R Taira
BACKGROUND: The Train the Trainer (TTT) model is increasingly used in limited resource settings as a mechanism to disseminate resuscitation knowledge and skills among providers. Anecdotally, however, many resuscitation programs that use this model fail to achieve sustainability. OBJECTIVE: We aim to systematically review the literature to describe the evidence for the TTT method of knowledge dissemination for resuscitation courses in limited resource settings. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the literature in accordance with PRISMA guidelines of the PubMed, Cochrane Library, MEDLARS online (MEDLINE), and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
Kednapa Thavorn, Howsikan Kugathasan, Darrell H S Tan, Nasheed Moqueet, Stefan D Baral, Becky Skidmore, Derek MacFadden, Anna Simkin, Sharmistha Mishra
BACKGROUND: Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with antiretrovirals is an efficacious and effective intervention to decrease the risk of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) acquisition. Yet drug and delivery costs prohibit access in many jurisdictions. In the absence of guidelines for the synthesis of economic evaluations, we developed a protocol for a systematic review of economic evaluation studies for PrEP by drawing on best practices in systematic reviews and the conduct and reporting of economic evaluations...
March 15, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Steven L Sayers, Frances K Barg, Shahrzad Mavandadi, Tanya H Hess, Andreea Crauciuc
This concurrent embedded mixed methods study explored important aspects of communication occurring between military service members and their intimate partners during a combat deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan. Fifty-eight participants (32 military veterans and 26 non-veteran partners) participated in an interview using standardized self-report measures assessing the current level of relationship satisfaction, trauma symptoms of the veteran, and the veterans' trauma exposure. Participants also participated in a semistructured interview focused on combat deployment and reintegration experiences...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
D Martin Kivlighan, Maleeha Abbas, Alberta M Gloria, Arellys Aguinaga, Christina Frank, Nick D Frost
Despite evidence of the effectiveness of postsecondary academic enhancement interventions, presently there is a paucity of research examining the effective processes of such programs. Informed by the psychosociocultural model, this study tested the relationship between the growth in hope and belongingness, as well as academic achievement for undergraduates on academic probation participating in academic enhancement groups. Longitudinal ratings of hope and belongingness from 167 undergraduates enrolled in 22 academic enhancement groups were modeled as predictors of changes in their grade-point average (GPA)...
March 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Debra A Field, Roslyn W Livingstone
AIM: To identify and critically appraise standardized measures of power mobility skill used with children (18y or younger) with mobility limitations and explore the measures' application for 'exploratory', 'operational', and 'functional' learners. METHOD: Five electronic databases were searched along with hand-searching for peer-reviewed articles published in English to July 2017 (updated 31st August 2017). Key terms included power(ed) mobility, power(ed) wheelchair, and database-specific terms...
March 14, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Hanh Ngo, Roberto Forero, David Mountain, Daniel Fatovich, Wing Nicola Man, Peter Sprivulis, Mohammed Mohsin, Sam Toloo, Antonio Celenza, Gerard Fitzgerald, Sally McCarthy, Ken Hillman
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Western Australian (WA) Government introduced the Four-Hour Rule (FHR) program. The policy stated that most patients presenting to Emergency Departments (EDs) were to be seen and either admitted, transferred, or discharged within 4 hours. This study utilised de-identified data from five participating hospitals, before and after FHR implementation, to assess the impact of the FHR on several areas of ED functioning. METHODS: A state (WA) population-based intervention study design, using longitudinal data obtained from administrative health databases via record linkage methodology, and interrupted time series analysis technique...
2018: PloS One
Nicholas A Bedard, Andrew J Pugely, Michael McHugh, Nathan Lux, Jesse E Otero, Kevin J Bozic, Yubo Gao, John J Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Use of large clinical and administrative databases for orthopaedic research has increased exponentially. Each database represents unique patient populations and varies in their methodology of data acquisition, which makes it possible that similar research questions posed to different databases might result in answers that differ in important ways. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What are the differences in reported demographics, comorbidities, and complications for patients undergoing primary TKA among four databases commonly used in orthopaedic research? (2) How does the difference in reported complication rates vary depending on whether only inpatient data or 30-day postoperative data are analyzed? METHODS: Patients who underwent primary TKA during 2010 to 2012 were identified within the National Surgical Quality Improvement Programs (NSQIP), the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), the Medicare Standard Analytic Files (MED), and the Humana Administrative Claims database (HAC)...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Bryan D Haughom, Bryce A Basques, Michael D Hellman, Nicholas M Brown, Craig J Della Valle, Brett R Levine
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological estimates indicate a rising incidence of periprosthetic hip fractures. While native hip fractures are known to be a highly morbid condition, a significant body of research has led to improved outcomes and decreased complications following these injuries. Comparatively, little research has evaluated the relative morbidity and mortality of periprosthetic hip fractures. The purpose of this study was to compare the morbidity and mortality of periprosthetic vs native hip fractures...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Ruiyang Jiang, Steven Wolf, Muhammad H Alkazemi, Gina-Maria Pomann, J Todd Purves, John S Wiener, Jonathan C Routh
INTRODUCTION: The surgical comorbidity assessment is important for patient risk stratification, counseling, and research. In adults, risk assessment indices, such as the Charlson Co-morbidity Score (CCS) or Van Walraven Index (VWI), are well established. In pediatrics, however, risk assessment indices are scarce. Recently, a pediatric-specific risk assessment index, the Rhee index, was developed to discriminate mortality for pediatric general surgery patients. Currently, there is no validated risk assessment tool in pediatric urology...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Catherine T Recznik, Lynn M Simko
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to review the currently published literature on the topic of pediatric triage education. METHOD: An integrative review of the literature was conducted using database searching and historical record review. RESULTS: A wide variety of pediatric triage educational methods exist, but studies with the highest-quality ratings most often used simulation programs or a standardized curriculum. Although there was a good deal of heterogeneity in terms of the outcomes measured, the accuracy of triage improved following educational interventions...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Juan Ruano, Francisco Gómez-García, Jesús Gay-Mimbrera, Macarena Aguilar-Luque, José Luis Fernández-Rueda, Jesús Fernández-Chaichio, Patricia Alcalde-Mellado, Pedro J Carmona-Fernandez, Juan Luis Sanz-Cabanillas, Isabel Viguera-Guerra, Francisco Franco-García, Manuel Cárdenas-Aranzana, José Luis Hernández Romero, Marcelino Gonzalez-Padilla, Beatriz Isla-Tejera, Antonio Velez Garcia-Nieto
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology and the reporting characteristics of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) are well known. However, no study has analyzed the influence of protocol features on the probability that a study's results will be finally reported, thereby indirectly assessing the reporting bias of International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) registration records. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore which factors are associated with a higher probability that results derived from a non-Cochrane PROSPERO registration record for a systematic review will be finally reported as an original article in a scientific journal...
March 9, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Chien-Hua Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Long-Bin Jeng
PURPOSE: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) can cause fat or bile acid malabsorption due to exocrine insufficiency. Fat or bile acid malabsorption has been reported to increase the risk of urolithiasis through increased intestinal oxalate absorption. However, no studies have reported an association between CP and urolithiasis. METHODS: We identified 15,848 patients (age: ≥20 years) diagnosed as having CP between 2000 and 2010 from the National Health Insurance Research Database as the study cohort...
2018: PloS One
Justine Dol, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Megan Aston, Douglas McMillan, Brianna Richardson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to evaluate the impact of the Helping Babies Survive program on neonatal outcomes and healthcare provider knowledge and skills. INTRODUCTION: The Helping Babies Survive program consists of three modules: Helping Babies Breathe, Essential Care for Every Baby, and Essential Care for Small Babies. It was developed to reduce preventable newborn deaths through skill-based learning using simulation, learning exercises, and peer-to-peer training of healthcare providers in low-resource areas...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Karen Parsons, Alice Gaudine, Michelle Swab
BACKGROUND: Most developed countries throughout the world are experiencing an aging nursing workforce as their population ages. Older nurses often experience different challenges then their younger nurse counterparts. With the increase in older nurses relative to younger nurses potentially available to work in hospitals, it is important to understand the experience of older nurses on high paced hospital nursing units. This understanding will lend knowledge to ways of lessening the loss of these highly skilled experienced workers and improve patient outcomes...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Jone Ansuategui Echeita, Berry J van Holland, Douglas P Gross, Jan Kool, Peter Oesch, Maurizio A Trippolini, Michiel F Reneman
PURPOSE: Determine the association of different social factors with Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE) performance in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO electronic databases. Studies were eligible if they studied social factor's association with the performance of adults undergoing FCE. Studies were assessed on methodological quality and quality of evidence. The review was performed using best-evidence synthesis methods...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Michael Kreiberg, Mikkel Bandak, Jakob Lauritsen, Julie Wang Skøtt, Nanna Borup Johansen, Mads Agerbaek, Niels Vilstrup Holm, Christoffer Johansen, Gedske Daugaard
The cohort was set up in order to analyze late effects in long-term testicular cancer survivors (TCS) and to contribute to the design of future follow-up programs addressing and potentially preventing late effects. Data for this cross-sectional study were collected between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016, among living Danish TCS and 60% agreed to participate in the cohort ( N  = 2,572). Mean time since testicular cancer (TC) diagnosis was 18 years (range 7-33) and mean age of participants was 53 years (range 25-95)...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Eric B Jelin, Elizabeth M O'Hare, Tim Jancelewicz, Isam Nasr, Emily Boss, Daniel S Rhee
PURPOSE: We sought to determine optimal timing for CPAM resection within the first year of life. METHODS: We queried the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program pediatric database from 2012 to 2015 for elective CPAM resections on patients less than 1year of age. Patients were divided by age in months: 1-3 (n=57), 4-6 (n=135), and 6-12 (n=214). Patient operative variables and 30-day postoperative outcomes were compared. RESULTS: A total of 406 patients were included with no differences in demographics or comorbidities...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Madison B Smith, Tamara G R Macieira, Michael D Bumbach, Susan J Garbutt, Sandra W Citty, Anita Stephen, Margaret Ansell, Toni L Glover, Gail Keenan
OBJECTIVES: To present the findings of a systematic review on the use of simulation-based learning experiences (SBLEs) to teach communication skills to nursing students and clinicians who provide palliative and end-of-life care to patients and their families. BACKGROUND: Palliative care communication skills are fundamental to providing holistic patient care. Since nurses have the greatest amount of direct exposure to patients, building such communication competencies is essential...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Stephanie A Kraft, Megan Doerr
The lack of diversity of populations included in genomics databases is an important inhibitor of genomic discovery from bench to bedside. One way to increase the diversity of participants is to ensure that informed consent processes are designed for cultural and linguistic concordance for non-majority populations. This article describes two case studies of genomics research studies that are using novel approaches to informed consent to increase recruitment and retention of participants from traditionally underrepresented populations: The Cancer Health Assessments Reaching Many (CHARM) study, part of the Clinical Sequencing Evidence-Generating Research (CSER) consortium, and the All of Us Research Program, part of the Precision Medicine Initiative...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
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