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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806741/risk-of-cancer-in-patients-with-genital-warts-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#1
Ching-Yi Cho, Yu-Cheng Lo, Miao-Chiu Hung, Chou-Cheng Lai, Chun-Jen Chen, Keh-Gong Wu
BACKGROUND: Condyloma acuminata currently affects around 1% of sexually active adults, and its incidence is increasing. The coexistence of genital warts (GW) and certain cancers and an association between human papillomavirus (HPV) and various malignancies have been reported. Therefore, we conducted this large national study to analyze the risk of malignancies among men and women with GW in Taiwan. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Between January 2000 and December 2013, approximately 3 million patients were reported to the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805423/patterns-of-psychiatric-emergency-department-utilization-among-community-dwelling-medicare-beneficiaries-under-65
#2
Jingjing Qian, Saranrat Wittayanukorn, Richard A Hansen
This study estimated patterns and trends in all-cause (any reason, including psychiatry related) and psychiatric emergency department (ED) utilization among Medicare beneficiaries under 65 who were residing in community settings (i.e., noninstitutionalized or in their own homes). Medicare beneficiaries under the age of 65 enrolled in Medicare for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) due to permanent physical or mental disabilities are a population with poor health conditions and high utilization of health services; however, this vulnerable population has received limited attention from researchers and policymakers compared to the Medicare beneficiaries 65 years and older...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801207/crediblemeds-org-what-does-it-offer
#3
REVIEW
Raymond L Woosley, Kristin Black, C William Heise, Klaus Romero
Since the 1990s, when numerous non-cardiac drugs were first recognized to have the potential to prolong the QT interval and cause torsades de pointes (TdP), clinicians, drug regulators, drug developers, and clinical investigators have become aware of the complexities of assessing evidence and determining TdP causality for the many drugs being marketed or under development. To facilitate better understanding, the Arizona Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, known as AZCERT, has developed the CredibleMeds...
August 1, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798267/pretreatment-predictors-of-malignant-evolution-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke-undergoing-mechanical-thrombectomy
#4
Alessandro Davoli, Caterina Motta, Giacomo Koch, Marina Diomedi, Simone Napolitano, Angela Giordano, Marta Panella, Daniele Morosetti, Sebastiano Fabiano, Roberto Floris, Roberto Gandini, Fabrizio Sallustio
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMI) among patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) after endovascular treatment (ET). Numerous predictors of MMI evolution have been proposed, but a comprehensive research of patients undergoing ET has never been performed. Our purpose was to find a practical model to determine robust predictors of MMI in patients undergoing ET. METHODS: Patients from a prospective single-center database with AIS secondary to large intracranial vessel occlusion of the anterior circulation, treated with ET, were retrospectively analyzed...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798251/lungmap-the-molecular-atlas-of-lung-development-program
#5
Maryanne E Ardini-Poleske, Robert Fred Clark, Charles Ansong, James P Carson, Richard A Corley, Gail H Deutsch, James S Hagood, Naftali Kaminski, Thomas J Mariani, Steven S Potter, Gloria S Pryhuber, David Warburton, Jeffrey A Whitsett, Scott M Palmer, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, The LungMAP Consortium
The National Heart Lung and Blood Institute is funding an effort to create a molecular atlas of the developing lung (LungMAP) to serve as a research resource and public education tool. The lung is a complex organ with lengthy development time driven by interactive gene networks and dynamic crosstalk among multiple cell types to control and coordinate lineage specification, cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, morphogenesis and injury repair. A better understanding of the processes that regulate lung development, particularly alveologenesis, will have significant impact on survival rates for premature infants born with incomplete lung development and will facilitate lung injury repair and regeneration in adults...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797618/risk-factors-for-falls-in-community-stroke-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Tianma Xu, Lindy Clemson, Kate O'Loughlin, Natasha A Lannin, Catherine Dean, Gerald Koh
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for falls in community stroke survivors. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search for articles indexed on MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases was conducted. STUDY SELECTION: Prospective studies investigating fall risk factors in community stroke survivors were included. Reviewers in pair independently screened the articles and determined inclusion through consensus...
August 7, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797262/when-a-parent-dies-a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-support-programs-for-parentally-bereaved-children-and-their-caregivers
#7
Ann-Sofie Bergman, Ulf Axberg, Elizabeth Hanson
BACKGROUND: The death of a parent is a highly stressful life event for bereaved children. Several studies have shown an increased risk of mental ill-health and psychosocial problems among affected children. The aims of this study were to systematically review studies about effective support interventions for parentally bereaved children and to identify gaps in the research. METHODS: The review's inclusion criteria were comparative studies with samples of parentally bereaved children...
August 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797229/odg-omics-database-generator-a-tool-for-generating-querying-and-analyzing-multi-omics-comparative-databases-to-facilitate-biological-understanding
#8
Joseph Guhlin, Kevin A T Silverstein, Peng Zhou, Peter Tiffin, Nevin D Young
BACKGROUND: Rapid generation of omics data in recent years have resulted in vast amounts of disconnected datasets without systemic integration and knowledge building, while individual groups have made customized, annotated datasets available on the web with few ways to link them to in-lab datasets. With so many research groups generating their own data, the ability to relate it to the larger genomic and comparative genomic context is becoming increasingly crucial to make full use of the data...
August 10, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796575/a-systematic-review-of-life-skill-development-through-sports-programs-serving-socially-vulnerable-youth
#9
Niels Hermens, Sabina Super, Kirsten T Verkooijen, Maria A Koelen
PURPOSE: Despite the strong belief in sports programs as a setting in which socially vulnerable youth can develop life skills, no overview exists of life skill development in sports programs serving this youth group. Therefore, the present systematic review provides an overview of the evidence on life skill development in sports programs serving socially vulnerable youth and, insofar as it was investigated in the included studies, of the conditions conducive to life skill development in these sports programs...
August 10, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795977/strategies-for-supporting-physician-scientists-in-faculty-roles-a-narrative-review-with-key-informant-consultations
#10
Lorelei Lingard, Peter Zhang, Michael Strong, Margaret Steele, John Yoo, James Lewis
PURPOSE: Physician-scientists are a population in decline globally. Solutions to reverse this decline often have focused on the training pipeline. Less attention has been paid to reducing attrition post training, when physician-scientists take up faculty roles. However, this period is a known time of vulnerability because of the pressures of clinical duties and the long timeline to securing independent research funding. This narrative review explored existing knowledge regarding how best to support physician-scientists for success in their faculty roles...
August 8, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782982/sleep-continuity-architecture-and-quality-among-treatment-seeking-cannabis-users-an-in-home-unattended-polysomnographic-study
#11
Lauren R Pacek, Evan S Herrmann, Michael T Smith, Ryan Vandrey
The objective of the study was to describe self-report and objectively measured sleep characteristics of adult treatment-seeking cannabis users. Study participants (n = 87) were adults who were screened for a 12-week outpatient cannabis treatment research program in Baltimore, MD. Participants completed objective and self-report measures of sleep quality. Data were analyzed for the sample overall and after stratifying by sex (54 men, 33 women). Participants were primarily urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged African Americans...
August 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780622/outcomes-after-bariatric-surgery-according-to-large-databases-a-systematic-review
#12
Andrea Balla, Gabriela Batista Rodríguez, Santiago Corradetti, Carmen Balagué, Sonia Fernández-Ananín, Eduard M Targarona
PURPOSE: The rapid development of technological tools to record data allows storage of enormous datasets, often termed "big data". In the USA, three large databases have been developed to store data regarding surgical outcomes: the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP), the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP)...
August 5, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776014/new-tricks-of-the-trade-for-crystal-structure-refinement
#13
Jinjin Li, Yuriy A Abramov, Michael F Doherty
Accurate crystal structures and their experimental uncertainties, determined by X-ray diffraction/neutron diffraction techniques, are vital for crystal engineering studies, such as polymorph stability and crystal morphology calculations. Because of differences in crystal growth and data measurement conditions, crystallographic databases often contain multiple entries of varying quality of the same compound. The choice of the most reliable and best quality crystal structure from many very similar structures remains an unresolved problem, especially for nonexperts...
July 26, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775998/industry-payments-to-urologists-in-2014-an-analysis-of-the-open-payments-program
#14
Parth K Modi, Nicholas J Farber, Michael E Zavaski, Thomas L Jang, Eric A Singer, Steven L Chang
INTRODUCTION: Physician-industry relationships are common in the U.S. and a source of considerable public scrutiny. The Open Payments program is a public database of all physician-industry financial interactions in the U.S. administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. In this study we describe payments received by urologists for research and nonresearch purposes. METHODS: The number and value of payments to urologists were determined using Open Payments program data...
July 2017: Urology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770819/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-and-exercise-hypertension-in-patients-with-aortic-coarctation
#15
REVIEW
H J A Foulds, N B Giacomantonio, S S D Bredin, D E R Warburton
Exercise hypertension is a common occurrence among individuals with aortic coarctation. Although exercise is known to be beneficial among the general population, the risks and benefits of exercise among those with aortic coarctation are less clear. This systematic review evaluates the benefits and risks of exercise for persons with aortic coarctation. Electronic databases were systematically searched (that is, MEDLINE and EMBASE) and key reviews cross-referenced to identify articles for inclusion. Original research articles reporting exercise among individuals with aortic coarctation were included...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769577/social-and-economic-burden-of-patients-with-influenza-like-illness-and-clinically-diagnosed-flu-treated-at-various-health-facilities-in-vietnam
#16
Trung Quang Vo, Usa Chaikledkaew, Minh Van Hoang, Arthorn Riewpaiboon
Influenza is a malady related to the human respiratory system, and its influenza-like illness (ILI) can cause an economic and social burden, especially among children and the elderly. This study was conducted to estimate the cost of illness based on a social perspective of ILI cases. A prospective study was conducted between February and March of 2016 in pharmacies, private clinics at Khanh Hoa, Lam Dong, Tay Ninh, Dong Nai Province, and Ho Chi Minh City, and Hospital of Tropical Diseases. Demographic and clinical information were collected by face-to-face interview...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768610/behavior-change-techniques-in-physical-activity-ehealth-interventions-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-systematic-review
#17
Orlaith Mairead Duff, Deirdre Mj Walsh, Bróna A Furlong, Noel E O'Connor, Kieran A Moran, Catherine B Woods
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death and disability in Europe, accounting for 4 million deaths per year and costing the European Union economy almost €196 billion annually. There is strong evidence to suggest that exercise-based secondary rehabilitation programs can decrease the mortality risk and improve health among patients with CVD. Theory-informed use of behavior change techniques (BCTs) is important in the design of cardiac rehabilitation programs aimed at changing cardiovascular risk factors...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767497/mediators-of-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-mentored-k-award-receipt-among-u-s-medical-school-graduates
#18
Dorothy A Andriole, Yan Yan, Donna B Jeffe
PURPOSE: Mentored K (K01/K08/K23) career development awards are positively associated with physicians' success as independent investigators; however, individuals in some racial/ethnic groups are less likely to receive this federal funding. The authors sought to identify variables that explain (mediate) the association between race/ethnicity and mentored K award receipt among U.S. LCME-accredited medical school graduates who planned research-related careers. METHOD: The authors analyzed deidentified data from the Association of American Medical Colleges and the National Institutes of Health Information for Management, Planning, Analysis, and Coordination II grants database for a national cohort of 28,690 graduates from 1997-2004 who planned research-related careers, followed through August 2014...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765794/diabetes-as-an-independent-predictor-for-extended-length-of-hospital-stay-and-increased-adverse-post-operative-events-in-patients-treated-surgically-for-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#19
Nancy Worley, John Buza, Cyrus M Jalai, Gregory W Poorman, Louis M Day, Shaleen Vira, Shearwood McClelland Iii, Virginie Lafage, Peter G Passias
BACKGROUND: Diabetes as an independent driver of peri-operative outcomes, and whether its severity impacts indications is conflicted in the research. The purpose of this study is to evaluate diabetes as a predictor for postoperative outcomes in cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) patients. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients treated surgically for CSM (ICD-9 721.1) from 2010-2012 in the prospectively-collected American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database...
2017: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763917/-analysis-of-the-patterns-of-female-breast-cancer-incidence-in-shanghai-2003-2012
#20
C X Wu, Y Zheng, P P Bao, Z Z Huang, M L Zhang, K Gu, Y M Xiang, P Peng, Y M Gong, W J Zhong
Objective: To analyze the patterns of female breast cancer and their incidence in Shanghai during 2003-2012, and to compare them with international data. Methods: The data of female breast cancer cases diagnosed between 2003 and 2012 were collected from the Shanghai Cancer Registry. The record of cancer cases included the patient's name, gender, date of birth, permanent and residential address, diagnosis site or name, histological type, date of first diagnosis, diagnostic basis and diagnostic stage, etc. Data source of cancer incidence of World, Developed Countries, Developing Countries, East Asia and China in 2012 sourced from GLOBOCAN 2012 database of the WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC); and the data of USA during 2008-2012 was collected from SEER 18 database from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program of the National Cancer Institute (NCI)...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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