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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917287/measuring-the-complexity-of-treatment-for-challenging-behavior-using-the-treatment-intensity-rating-form
#1
Jennifer Zarcone, Louis Hagopian, Jennifer Ninci, Chloe McKay, Andrew Bonner, Christopher Dillon, Nicole Hausman
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to develop and evaluate a tool to measure the complexity and intensity of psychotropic medication interventions, behavioral interventions, and issues related to crisis management for challenging behavior using a standardized rating form. METHOD: The Treatment Intensity Rating Form (TIRF) is a 10-item scale with three categories: pharmacological interventions, behavior supports, and protective equipment. In a retrospective review we examined the final treatment recommendations for 74 individuals with self-injurious behavior (SIB) based on psychiatric and behavioral notes and reports...
2016: International Journal of Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909495/the-wearable-cardioverter-defibrillator-toy-or-tool
#2
REVIEW
David Duncker Md, Christian Veltmann Md
After the success story of implantable cardioverter/defibrillator systems, prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains one of the main duties in cardiology. For patients with unkown or transient risk profile for SCD, a wearable cardioverter/defibrillator (WCD) has been established for temporary and effective prevention of sudden arrhythmic death. Several studies have shown safety and efficacy of the WCD, even though randomized studies proving a mortality benefit are still lacking. This review provides an overview of actual WCD data and usage, special indications and possible risks and complications...
April 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909420/using-touchscreen-tablets-to-help-young-children-learn-to-tell-time
#3
Fuxing Wang, Heping Xie, Yuxin Wang, Yanbin Hao, Jing An
Young children are devoting more and more time to playing on handheld touchscreen devices (e.g., iPads). Though thousands of touchscreen apps are claimed to be "educational," there is a lack of sufficient evidence examining the impact of touchscreens on children's learning outcomes. In the present study, the two questions we focused on were (a) whether using a touchscreen was helpful in teaching children to tell time, and (b) to what extent young children could transfer what they had learned on the touchscreen to other media...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908123/spooky-correlations-and-unusual-van-der-waals-forces-between-gapless-and-near-gapless-molecules
#4
John F Dobson, Andreas Savin, János G Ángyán, Ru-Fen Liu
We consider the zero-temperature van der Waals (vdW) interaction between two molecules, each of which has a zero or near-zero electronic gap between a ground state and the first excited state, using a toy model molecule (equilateral H3) as an example. We show that the van der Waals energy between two ground state molecules falls off as D(-3) instead of the usual D(-6) dependence, when the molecules are separated by distance D. We show that this is caused by a perfect "spooky" correlation between the two fluctuating electric dipoles...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907208/interaction-between-salmonella-and-schistosomiasis-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Amber Hsiao, Trevor Toy, Hye Jin Seo, Florian Marks
The interaction between schistosomiasis and Salmonella is a particularly important issue in Africa, where dual infection by the parasite and the bacterium are likely common. In this review, the ways in which schistosomiasis affects human biology as it relates to Salmonella are described. Those who are infected by both organisms experience reduced immunological functioning, exhibit irreversible organ damage due to prolonged schistosomiasis infection, and become latent carriers of Salmonella enterica serotypes Typhi and Paratyphi and S...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896564/children-s-gender-typed-toy-interests-does-propulsion-matter
#6
Lisa M Dinella, Erica S Weisgram, Megan Fulcher
Children's toy play is at the foundation of child development. However, gender differentiation in early play experiences may result in gender differences in cognitive abilities, social interactions, and vocational choices. We investigated gender-typing of toys and toys' propulsive properties (e.g., wheels, forward motion) as possible factors impacting children's toy interests, perceptions of other children's interests, and children's actual toy choices during free play. In Studies 1 and 2, 82 preschool children (42 boys, 40 girls; mean age = 4...
November 28, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886520/surprise-20-month-old-infants-understand-the-emotional-consequences-of-false-beliefs
#7
Rose M Scott
Recent studies suggest that by the second year of life, infants can attribute false beliefs to agents. However, prior studies have largely focused on infants' ability to predict a mistaken agent's physical actions on objects. The present research investigated whether 20-month-old infants could also reason about belief-based emotional displays. In Experiments 1 and 2, infants viewed an agent who shook two objects: one rattled and the other was silent. Infants expected the agent to express surprise at the silent object if she had a false belief that both objects rattled, but not if she was merely ignorant about the objects' properties...
November 22, 2016: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879626/smart-toys-designed-for-detecting-developmental-delays
#8
Diego Rivera, Antonio García, Bernardo Alarcos, Juan R Velasco, José Eugenio Ortega, Isaías Martínez-Yelmo
In this paper, we describe the design considerations and implementation of a smart toy system, a technology for supporting the automatic recording and analysis for detecting developmental delays recognition when children play using the smart toy. To achieve this goal, we take advantage of the current commercial sensor features (reliability, low consumption, easy integration, etc.) to develop a series of sensor-based low-cost devices. Specifically, our prototype system consists of a tower of cubes augmented with wireless sensing capabilities and a mobile computing platform that collect the information sent from the cubes allowing the later analysis by childhood development professionals in order to verify a normal behaviour or to detect a potential disorder...
November 20, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876227/phthalate-levels-and-related-factors-in-children-aged-6-12-years
#9
Wei Wu, Feng Zhou, Yue Wang, Yong Ning, Jian-Ye Yang, Yi-Kai Zhou
Although previous studies showed that children are widely exposed to phthalates, the sources of phthalate exposure for school-aged children in China are not well understood. This study aimed to assess phthalate metabolite levels and explore the factors influencing exposure in children. We collected demographic data and biological samples from 336 children aged 6-12 years. We calculated urinary concentrations of 14 mono-phthalate metabolites and conducted chi-square (χ(2)) tests and logistic regression analysis to determine the variables associated with phthalate levels...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872023/multiple-orgasms-in-men-what-we-know-so-far
#10
REVIEW
Erik Wibowo, Richard J Wassersug
INTRODUCTION: There is much popular discussion on strategies to facilitate multiple orgasms in men (ie, 100,000+ hits in Google), yet the topic has not received an objective comprehensive review in the literature. AIM: To review the literature on male multiple orgasms. METHODS: We searched the literature for publications on "male multiple orgasms" and factors influencing male multiple orgasms in Google, PubMed, and PsychINFO. This yielded 15 relevant publications...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866379/effects-of-oral-exposure-to-the-phthalate-substitute-acetyl-tributyl-citrate-on-female-reproduction-in-mice
#11
Lindsay M Rasmussen, Nivedita Sen, Xiaosong Liu, Zelieann R Craig
Acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC), is a phthalate substitute used in food and medical plastics, cosmetics and toys. Although systemically safe up to 1000 mg kg(-1)  day(-1) , its ability to cause reproductive toxicity in females at levels below 50 mg kg(-1)  day(-1) has not been examined. This study evaluated the effects of lower ATBC exposures on female reproduction using mice. Adult CD-1 females (n = 7-8 per treatment) were dosed orally with tocopherol-stripped corn oil (vehicle), 5 or 10 mg kg(-1)  day(-1) ATBC daily for 15 days, and then bred with a proven breeder male...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859457/time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-introduction-to-the-basics
#12
REVIEW
Ulrich Boesl
The intention of this tutorial is to introduce into the basic concepts of time-of-flight mass spectrometry, beginning with the most simple single-stage ion source with linear field-free drift region and continuing with two-stage ion sources combined with field-free drift regions and ion reflectors-the so-called reflectrons. Basic formulas are presented and discussed with the focus on understanding the physical relations of geometric and electric parameters, initial distribution of ionic parameters, ion flight times, and ion flight time incertitude...
January 2017: Mass Spectrometry Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845755/effects-of-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-on-the-hypothalamus-uterus-in-pubertal-female-rats
#13
Te Liu, Yiyang Jia, Liting Zhou, Qi Wang, Di Sun, Jin Xu, Juan Wu, Huaiji Chen, Feng Xu, Lin Ye
The pollution of endocrine disruptors and its impact on human reproductive system have attracted much attention. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), an environmental endocrine disruptor, is widely used in food packages, containers, medical supplies and children's toys. It can cause diseases such as infertility, sexual precocity and uterine bleeding and thus arouse concerns from the society and scholars. The effect of DEHP on pubertal female reproductive system is still not well-studied. This study was to investigate the effects of DEHP on the hypothalamus-uterus in pubertal female rats, reveal the reproductive toxicity of DEHP on pubertal female rats and its mechanism, and provide scientific evidence for the evaluation of toxicity and toxic mechanism of DEHP on reproductive system...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834963/response-to-toy-laser-macular-burns-in-children-12-month-update
#14
E Mc Loone, M O'Neill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834961/response-to-comment-on-toy-laser-macular-burns-in-children-12-month-update
#15
N Raoof, F Quhill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831702/effects-of-a-classroom-intervention-with-spatial-play-materials-on-children-s-object-and-viewer-transformation-abilities
#16
Karin M Vander Heyden, Mariette Huizinga, Jelle Jolles
Children practice their spatial skills when playing with spatial toys, such as construction materials, board games, and puzzles. Sex and SES differences are observed in the engagement in such spatial play activities at home, which relate to individual differences in spatial performance. The current study investigated the effects of explicitly providing spatial play activities in the school setting on different types of spatial ability. We presented 8- to 10-year-old children with a short and easy-to-adopt classroom intervention comprising a set of different spatial play materials...
November 10, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819462/children-coordinate-in-a-recurrent-social-dilemma-by-taking-turns-and-along-dominance-asymmetries
#17
Sebastian Grueneisen, Michael Tomasello
Humans constantly have to coordinate their decisions with others even when their interests are conflicting (e.g., when 2 drivers have to decide who yields at an intersection). So far, however, little is known about the development of these abilities. Here, we present dyads of 5-year-olds (N = 40) with a repeated chicken game using a novel methodology: Two children each steered an automated toy train carrying a reward. The trains simultaneously moved toward each other so that in order to avoid a crash-which left both children empty-handed-1 train had to swerve...
November 7, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818822/normocomplementaemic-urticarial-vasculitis-in-a-19-month-old-girl
#18
Peter Williams
Urticaria is common in children. Urticarial vasculitis (UV) is a potentially more serious, rare variant. The youngest reported case was 12 months of age. A systemically well, 19-month-old girl presented with her mother who was concerned about the development of a rash. On presentation, the child had normal vital signs, was alert, and was well and playing with toys. There was a widespread urticarial rash (raised, pruritic, and erythematous) that was most apparent on the trunk with minimal rash on the legs. Overlying this urticarial rash in a similar distribution was a blotchy, palpable purpuric rash and associated hyperpigmentation...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817906/temporal-discounting-and-emotional-self-regulation-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Daniel Augusto Utsumi, Mônica Carolina Miranda, Mauro Muszkat
Temporal Discounting (TD) reflects a tendency to discount a reward more deeply the longer its delivery is delayed. TD tasks and behavioral scales have been used to investigate 'hot' executive functions in ADHD. The present study analyzed TD task performance shown by ADHD and control groups for correlations with emotional self-regulation metrics from two scales, the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Functions (BRIEF) and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Children (ages 8-12) with ADHD (n=25) and controls (n=24) were assessed using material rewards (toys) for three types of task: Hypothetical (H); Hypothetical with temporal expectation (HTE); and Real (R)...
October 29, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812332/a-readout-mechanism-for-latency-codes
#20
Oran Zohar, Maoz Shamir
Response latency has been suggested as a possible source of information in the central nervous system when fast decisions are required. The accuracy of latency codes was studied in the past using a simplified readout algorithm termed the temporal-winner-take-all (tWTA). The tWTA is a competitive readout algorithm in which populations of neurons with a similar decision preference compete, and the algorithm selects according to the preference of the population that reaches the decision threshold first. It has been shown that this algorithm can account for accurate decisions among a small number of alternatives during short biologically relevant time periods...
2016: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
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