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Binod Kumar Thakur, Shikha Verma
BACKGROUND: Tattooing has become increasingly popular, particularly among young people. However, little is known about the tattoo practices in North-East India. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to know the reasons and motivations of tattoo application and tattoo removal in individuals asking for tattoo removal. The secondary objective was to identify the demography, methods and safety of tattoo practices in these tattooed individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out in 212 consecutive individuals seeking tattoo removal...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Jenny Feldman Eskildsen, Brian D Thorp, Hemanth A Baboolal
Management of anesthesia for a child with an upper airway foreign body is fraught with particular challenges. We present the case of a 3-year-old girl who presented to the emergency department with a 12-cm sewing needle protruding from her mouth and unknown vascular involvement. We were faced with establishing a secure airway despite exclusion of mask ventilation or use of a laryngeal mask airway. Moreover, peripheral intravenous access was lost before adequate sedation. Ultimately, we were able to safely induce anesthesia and achieve endotracheal intubation...
October 5, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Y C Wang, R L Han, Z J Li, J Geng, Y D Tian, R R Jiang, J P Wu, X T Kang
Research on the identity of genes and their relationship with traits of economic importance in chickens could assist in the selection of poultry. In this study, an F2 resource population of Gushi chickens crossed with Anka broilers was used to detect single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the flanking region of the ASB15 gene by DNA sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). One SNP of -1271 C>T in 5' flanking region of the chicken ASB15 gene and two SNPs of the 10618 A>G and 10716 G>A in 3' flanking region were identified...
October 13, 2016: Animal Biotechnology
Iman Dianat
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and associated risk factors among Iranian handicraft workers engaged in different hand sewing tasks. METHODS: Data were collected using questionnaires (including the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire) as well as direct observations of posture (using the Rapid Upper Limb Assessment [RULA] method) from 632 workers including carpet handicraft workers (n=222), textiles handicraft workers (n=209), and leather handicraft workers (n=201) in Tabriz, Iran...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
Talha Mahmud, Adnan Shafiq, Abdul Hafeez, Muhammad Saqib, Sidrah Farooq
18-year-old lady was admitted through emergency department after she accidently aspirated a long sewing machine needle into her airways. Upon examination, she was anxious with normal vital signs and without any respiratory distress with SpO2 of 98% on air. Systemic examination was normal except slightly reduced breath sounds intensity on right lower side of chest. Her chest radiograph revealed needle in right lower lobe but it was not visualized on bronchoscopic examination of airways up to sub segmental level...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Carter S Haines, Na Li, Geoffrey M Spinks, Ali E Aliev, Jiangtao Di, Ray H Baughman
Lightweight artificial muscle fibers that can match the large tensile stroke of natural muscles have been elusive. In particular, low stroke, limited cycle life, and inefficient energy conversion have combined with high cost and hysteretic performance to restrict practical use. In recent years, a new class of artificial muscles, based on highly twisted fibers, has emerged that can deliver more than 2,000 J/kg of specific work during muscle contraction, compared with just 40 J/kg for natural muscle. Thermally actuated muscles made from ordinary polymer fibers can deliver long-life, hysteresis-free tensile strokes of more than 30% and torsional actuation capable of spinning a paddle at speeds of more than 100,000 rpm...
September 26, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Nils Plato, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Pär Sparén, Gunnar Hillerdal, Elisabete Weiderpass
Objectives: We updated the Swedish component of the Nordic Occupational Cancer (NOCCA) Study through 2009 in order to investigate the incidence of mesothelioma of the peritoneum and pleura in both sexes, and explored occupational exposures that may be associated with mesothelioma. Methods: The Swedish component of the NOCCA Study includes 6.78 million individuals. Data from this cohort was linked to the population-based Swedish Cancer Registry and Swedish Total Population Registry for three periods between 1961 and 2009 and then further linked to the Swedish NOCCA Job Exposure Matrix, which includes 25 carcinogenic substances and corresponding exposure levels for 280 occupations...
September 20, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
Mohammadreza Maghsoudi, Bita Shahbazzadegan, Arastoo Pezeshki
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial needles are rare entities. Intracranial foreign bodies due to non-missile intracranial penetrations are one of the most rarely encountered situations in neurosurgery. Sewing needles are among the more unusual foreign bodies that may be found in the brain. Although uncommon, foreign body cases are important and interesting. Foreign bodies enter the body through trauma or iatrogenic injuries. Needles are mostly inserted through fontanelles, cranial sutures, and more rarely through the orbits in infancy for the purpose of killing unwanted babies...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
Remzi Kızıltan, Özkan Yılmaz, Abbas Aras, Osman Toktaş, Abdulsamet Batur, Fatma Ağar, Şehmus Ölmez, Çetin Kotan
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to review cases that required surgical intervention to remove ingested foreign bodies. METHODS: Medical records of 7 patients who underwent surgical intervention at the Yüzüncü Yıl University Department of General Surgery between 2009 and 2014 after ingesting foreign bodies were reviewed. RESULTS: Female:male ratio was 5:2; mean age was 25 (16-35). Four patients had swallowed pins, 1 patient had swallowed a sewing pin, 1 patient had swallowed a safety pin, and 1 patient had swallowed a wristwatch...
May 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Danielle J Vugts, Chris Klaver, Claudia Sewing, Alex J Poot, Kevin Adamzek, Seraina Huegli, Cristina Mari, Gerard W M Visser, Ibai E Valverde, Gilles Gasser, Thomas L Mindt, Guus A M S van Dongen
PURPOSE: All clinical (89)Zr-immuno-PET studies are currently performed with the chelator desferrioxamine (DFO). This chelator provides hexadentate coordination to zirconium, leaving two coordination sites available for coordination with, e.g., water molecules, which are relatively labile ligands. The unsaturated coordination of DFO to zirconium has been suggested to result in impaired stability of the complex in vivo and consequently in unwanted bone uptake of (89)Zr. Aiming at clinical improvements, we report here on a bifunctional isothiocyanate variant of the octadentate chelator DFO* and the in vitro and in vivo comparison of its (89)Zr-DFO*-mAb complex with (89)Zr-DFO-mAb...
August 30, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Candice Y Lee, Joshua K Wong, Ronald E Ross, David C Liu, Kamal R Khabbaz, Angelo J Martellaro, Heather R Gorea, Jude S Sauer, Peter A Knight
OBJECTIVE: Prostheses attachment is critical in aortic valve replacement surgery, yet reliable prosthetic security remains a challenge. Accurate techniques to analyze prosthetic fixation pressures may enable the use of fewer sutures while reducing the risk of paravalvular leaks (PVL). METHODS: Customized digital thin film pressure transducers were sutured between aortic annulus models and 21-mm bioprosthetic valves with 15 × 4-mm, 12 × 4-mm, or 9 × 6-mm-wide pledgeted mattress sutures...
August 25, 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Necati Ucler, Seyho Cem Yucetas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Lucy Watchirs Smith, Bette Liu, Louisa Degenhardt, Juliet Richters, George Patton, Handan Wand, Donna Cross, Jane S Hocking, S Rachel Skinner, Spring Cooper, Catharine Lumby, John M Kaldor, Rebecca Guy
Background: Social networking and digital media increasingly have an impact on the lives of young people. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that examined the relationship between exposure to sexually explicit websites (SEWs) and 'sexting' (i.e. sending semi-nude or nude photos from a mobile phone) and the sexual attitudes and practices of young people. Methods: In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses statement, Medline, EMBASE and PsycINFO were searched for papers that described the statistical association between viewing SEWs or sexting by young people (defined as 10-24 years) and their sexual attitudes and behaviours...
August 11, 2016: Sexual Health
Philipp E Chetverikov, Samuel Bolton
The infracapitulum of eriophyoid mites comprises a cone-like basal infracapitulum, containing a pharynx, and a distal infracapitulum, forming a proboscis ensheathing a bunch of stylets. A well-developed basal labral section was observed in all studied specimens. A newly discerned structure, the suboral fork, situated in the ventral part of the proboscis was discovered. It is larger in diptilomiopids and Nalepella and notably smaller in eriophyids and phytoptids. This structure presumably determines the site of piercing and functions in a similar way to the pressure foot of a sewing machine which controls the movements of a needle...
October 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Nehal Gamal Hashem, Levita Hidayat, Leonard Berkowitz, Veena Venugopalan
OBJECTIVES: Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) encompass a diverse range of infections of varying severity. The Clinical Resource Efficiency Support Team (CREST) scoring system stratifies patients into four classes (I = least severe to IV = most severe) based on the Standardized Early Warning Score (SEWS). The objective of this study was to apply CREST to hospitalized patients with SSTIs in order to quantify disease severity and evaluate appropriateness of antibiotic management...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Sabine Sewing, Franziska Boess, Annie Moisan, Cristina Bertinetti-Lapatki, Tanja Minz, Maj Hedtjaern, Yann Tessier, Franz Schuler, Thomas Singer, Adrian B Roth
Single stranded oligonucleotides (SSO) represent a novel therapeutic modality that opens new space to address previously undruggable targets. In spite of their proven efficacy, the development of promising SSO drug candidates has been limited by reported cases of SSO-associated hepatotoxicity. The mechanisms of SSO induced liver toxicity are poorly understood, and up to now no preclinical in vitro model has been established that allows prediction of the hepatotoxicity risk of a given SSO. Therefore, preclinical assessment of hepatic liability currently relies on rodent studies that require large cohorts of animals and lengthy protocols...
2016: PloS One
Vivian M Nguyen, Abigail J Lynch, Nathan Young, Ian G Cowx, T Douglas Beard, William W Taylor, Steven J Cooke
Approaches to managing inland fisheries vary between systems and regions but are often based on large-scale marine fisheries principles and thus limited and outdated. Rarely do they adopt holistic approaches that consider the complex interplay among humans, fish, and the environment. We argue that there is an urgent need for a shift in inland fisheries management towards holistic and transdisciplinary approaches that embrace the principles of social-ecological systems at the watershed scale. The interconnectedness of inland fisheries with their associated watershed (biotic, abiotic, and humans) make them extremely complex and challenging to manage and protect...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Marc H A Jansen, Tonny Lagerweij, A Charlotte P Sewing, Danielle J Vugts, Dannis G van Vuurden, Carla F M Molthoff, Viola Caretti, Susanna J E Veringa, Naomi Petersen, Angel M Carcaboso, David P Noske, W Peter Vandertop, Pieter Wesseling, Guus A M S van Dongen, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Esther Hulleman
The role of the VEGF inhibitor bevacizumab in the treatment of diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is unclear. We aim to study the biodistribution and uptake of zirconium-89 ((89)Zr)-labeled bevacizumab in DIPG mouse models. Human E98-FM, U251-FM glioma cells, and HSJD-DIPG-007-FLUC primary DIPG cells were injected into the subcutis, pons, or striatum of nude mice. Tumor growth was monitored by bioluminescence imaging (BLI) and visualized by MRI. Seventy-two to 96 hours after (89)Zr-bevacizumab injections, mice were imaged by positron emission tomography (PET), and biodistribution was analyzed ex vivo High VEGF expression in human DIPG was confirmed in a publically available mRNA database, but no significant (89)Zr-bevacizumab uptake could be detected in xenografts located in the pons and striatum at an early or late stage of the disease...
September 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Saibo Pan, Gang Shen, Ming Wu
OBJECTIVE: We present a "Reversal Penetrating Technique" (RPT) to perform thoracoscopic esophagogastric anastomosis in Ivor Lewis minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). The safety and efficiency of this technique are evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: RPT was used in Ivor Lewis MIE for treating patients with distal esophageal cancer. A specific anvil set is inserted into proximal esophagus lumen to allow its prefixed Prolene suture to pierce from the inside out. Then, the suture is pulled until the anvil rod penetrates the esophageal wall...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Sandeep Choudhary, Suresh Pujar Venkateshacharya, Chinnaswamy Reddy
Sewing needles are rare causes of penetrating cardiac injury. Suicidal attempt, accidental penetration, domestic violence, and child abuse are likely causes for such injury. 1 Owing to their sharp nature, needles can rapidly migrate through the tissues. Fatalities are due to cardiac tamponade, infection, peripheral embolism, and valve dysfunction.
October 2016: Cardiology in the Young
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