Read by QxMD icon Read

anxiety and epilepsy

Benjamin Johnstone, Dennis Velakoulis, Cheng Yi Yuan, Anthony Ang, Chris Steward, Patricia Desmond, Terence J O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to early life childhood trauma has been implicated as resulting in a vulnerability to epileptic and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), hippocampal atrophy, and psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to explore the relationships between childhood trauma, epilepsy, PNES, and hippocampal volume in patients admitted to a video-electroencephalogram monitoring (VEM) unit. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one patients were recruited from the Royal Melbourne Hospital VEM unit...
October 12, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Rui Quintas, Milda Cerniauskaite, Ambra Mara Giovannetti, Silvia Schiavolin, Alberto Raggi, Venusia Covelli, Flavio Villani, Giuseppe Didato, Francesco Deleo, Silvana Franceschetti, Simona Binelli, Laura Canafoglia, Marina Casazza, Matilde Leonardi
AIM: The aim of this observational study was to test the effectiveness of the PARADISE 24 instrument in describing the psychosocial difficulties (PSDs) reported by people with epilepsy, their relation with disability, and quality-of-life (QoL) levels and, overall, to explore a horizontal epidemiology methodology applied to a sample of patients with epilepsy. METHODS: A convenience sample of 80 adult patients with epilepsy was included in this cross-sectional study...
October 12, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Anup D Patel, Robert Moss, Steven W Rust, Jeremy Patterson, Robert Strouse, Satyanarayana Gedela, Jesse Haines, Simon M Lin
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a common neurological condition. Seizure diary reports and patient- or caregiver-reported seizure counts are often inaccurate and underestimated. Many caregivers express stress and anxiety about the patient with epilepsy having seizures when they are not present. Therefore, a need exists for the ability to recognize and/or detect a seizure in the home setting. However, few studies have inquired on detection device features that are important to patients and their caregivers...
October 11, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Eivind Kolstad, Gyri Veiby, Nils Erik Gilhus, Marte Bjørk
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether prepregnancy overweight in women with epilepsy increases their risk for complications during pregnancy and delivery. METHODS: This study is based on The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) linked to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. A diagnosis of epilepsy was reported in 706 pregnancies. Overweight was defined as body mass index ≥ 25 prepregnancy. Overweight women with epilepsy (n = 259) were compared to normal-weight women with epilepsy (n = 416), and to women without epilepsy with and without overweight (n = 30,516 and n = 67,977, respectively)...
October 13, 2016: Epilepsia
Rebecca J Weber, Kenneth D Gadow
The present study aimed to characterize the association of psychopathology with the clinical correlates of epilepsy, asthma, and allergy within and between neurobehavioral syndromes. Participants were consecutively evaluated youth (6-18 years, 75 % male) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 589) and non-ASD outpatient psychiatry referrals (n = 653). Informants completed a background questionnaire (parents) and a psychiatric symptom severity rating scale (parents, teachers). Youth with ASD had higher rates of epilepsy and allergy but not asthma than psychiatry referrals, even when analyses were limited to youth with IQ ≥ 70...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Oh-Young Kwon, Sung-Pa Park
PURPOSE: Irritability has been reported in epilepsy patients. We identified associated factors for interictal irritability in epilepsy patients. METHOD: Adult epilepsy patients who received antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for at least 1year were invited to participate in this study. For eligible patients, several questionnaires, such as the Irritability in Adult Patients with Epilepsy (I-Epi), the Korean version of the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (K-NDDI-E), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), were administered...
September 29, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Milena Gandy, Eyal Karin, Vincent J Fogliati, Sarah McDonald, Nick Titov, Blake F Dear
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression are highly prevalent in people with epilepsy (PWE) and contribute to increased disability. Unfortunately, there are numerous barriers (e.g., cost, distance, and stigma) and service gaps (e.g., lack of services and trained clinicians) that prevent many PWE from accessing traditional face-to-face psychological services. The aim of the present study was to examine the feasibility of a new transdiagnostic Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) program, the Chronic Conditions Course, to simultaneously treat symptoms of anxiety, depression, and disability...
October 7, 2016: Epilepsia
Rikke Thaarup Wesselhöft
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a frequent and painful mental disorder considered among the five leading causes of disability in Western countries by the World Health Organization. MDD occurs at all ages, but childhood onset MDD has a more severe course with longer depressive episodes, more suicidality, and more frequent hospitalization, than later onset MDD. Childhood seems to be a window of opportunity for prevention of mental disorders, and subsequently prevention of MDD onset in childhood is recommended...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Phil Smith
Telephone consultations are well suited to epilepsy review, particularly for those ineligible to drive. Careful patient selection and a courtesy call beforehand, by an administrator, increases efficiency and saves patient anxiety and clinician time. This paper gives advice based upon the author's experience of telephone review of patients with epilepsy.
September 27, 2016: Practical Neurology
Ling-Lin Chen, Mei-Ling Wu, Feng Zhu, Jie-Jing Kai, Jing-Yin Dong, Xi-Mei Wu, Ling-Hui Zeng
AIMS: Previous study suggests that mTOR signaling pathway may play an important role in epileptogenesis. The present work was designed to explore the contribution of raptor protein to the development of epilepsy and comorbidities. METHODS: Mice with conditional knockout of raptor protein were generated by cross-bred Rptor(flox/flox) mice with nestin-CRE mice. The expression of raptor protein was analyzed by Western blotting in brain tissue samples. Neuronal death and mossy fiber sprouting were detected by FJB staining and Timm staining, respectively...
September 28, 2016: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Valérie Zimmermann, Mélanie Porte, Karine Patte
OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus on the question of pain induced by injections of botulinum toxin in children. The objective of this study is the evaluation of our practice as well as the resources, which are employed to relieve children, in order to improve a better management of pain. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a six month prospective observational monocentric study. The consent was obtained for each child. The main criterion was the hetero-evaluation of injection related pain with the modified scale FLACC...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Erik Berg, Øystein A Haaland, Kristin B Feragen, Charles Filip, Hallvard A Vindenes, Dag Moster, Rolv T Lie, Åse Sivertsen
Importance: Parents regularly express concern about long-term health outcomes for children who are born with an oral cleft. Objective: To assess whether oral clefts affect the health and ability to work of young adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based cohort study was conducted on all individuals born in Norway between calendar years 1967 and 1992 (n = 1 490 401). All patients treated for clefts in Norway during the study period were invited to participate (n = 2860)...
September 26, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Song Yan, Yuanbin Wu, Yanchun Deng, Yonghong Liu, Jingjing Zhao, Lei Ma
Fatigue is highly prevalent in patients with epilepsy and has a major impact on quality of life, but little data is available on its effects and management in epilepsy. To identify the incidence and risk factors of fatigue in patients with epilepsy, 105 epilepsy patients (45 women and 60 men) were enrolled in our study. Demographic and clinical data were collected and psychological variables including fatigue, sleep quality, excess daytime sleepiness, anxiety, and depression were measured by Fatigue Severity Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, respectively...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Kristianne Chelsea Altura, Scott B Patten, Kirsten M Fiest, Callie Atta, Andrew G Bulloch, Nathalie Jetté
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to validate the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 as a screening tool for suicidal ideation (SI). METHODS: Persons with epilepsy (n=188), migraine (n=208), multiple sclerosis (n=151), and stroke (n=122) completed questionnaires (e.g., PHQ-9) and the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID). Logistic regression was used to examine factors associated with SI [odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)]. The diagnostic accuracy of the PHQ-9 in identifying SI [sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), positive and negative predictive value (PPV and NPV)] was validated against the SCID...
September 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
Emma Kristin Johansson, Natalia Ballardini, Inger Kull, Anna Bergström, Carl-Fredrik Wahlgren
BACKGROUND: Several studies show an association between eczema and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in childhood, but the mechanisms and time sequence remain unclear. Information on the association between eczema and other disorders involving the central nervous system (CNS) is limited. The aim was to explore if preschool eczema was associated with ADHD or other CNS-associated disorders requiring pharmacotherapy at school age, and to analyze if eczema at other ages of childhood was associated with medication for ADHD...
September 17, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Karen Ling Kwong, David Lam, Sarah Tsui, Mary Ngan, Brian Tsang, Tai Sum Lai, Siu Man Lam
PURPOSE: This study evaluated self-esteem in adolescents with epilepsy and its association with psychosocial and disease-related variables. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with patients enrolled between January and June 2010. Culture-Free Self-Esteem Inventory for Children (CFSEI-2) was administered to 140 children with epilepsy and 50 children with asthma, aged 10-18years attending mainstream schools. RESULTS: Adolescents with epilepsy had a significantly lower overall self-esteem score when compared with those with asthma, 17±5...
October 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Victoria Nimmo-Smith, Traolach S Brugha, Michael P Kerr, Sally McManus, Dheeraj Rai
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the experience of discrimination, domestic violence, abuse, and other stressful life events in people with epilepsy in comparison with the general population and people with other chronic conditions. To assess whether any excess relative burden of these adversities could explain the higher rates of depression in people with epilepsy. METHODS: The Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007 used comprehensive interviews with 7,403 individuals living in private residences in England...
September 16, 2016: Epilepsia
Garima Shukla, Priya Agarwal, Rajesh Sagar, Mamta Sood, Aditya Gupta, Ashish Suri, Ajay Garg
Surgery is an established and increasingly utilized treatment option in medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy. Many psychiatric problems are known to complicate in the postoperative period. Most studies have a follow-up period of less than 24 months. We report the cases of three patients who developed severe psychiatric problems in the late postoperative period after successful temporal lobectomy for refractory epilepsy - Psychosis, major depression with psychosis, and severe anxiety disorder, respectively...
July 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Sònia Ramos-Perdigués, Eva Baillés, Anna Mané, Mar Carreño, Antonio Donaire, Jordi Rumia, Nuria Bargalló, Teresa Boget, Xavier Setoain, Manuel Valdes, Luís Pintor
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric morbidity in drug-resistant epilepsy is frequent and has a negative influence on quality of life. Surgery is proven to be the best therapeutic alternative for treating seizures. However, it is inconclusive with the current evidence whether surgery, per se, is a risk factor or promotes amelioration of psychiatric disorders. Until now, most studies have been cross-sectional with small or heterogeneous groups. In addition, the few prospective studies did not have an identical control group...
October 2016: Epilepsia
Carlos R Camara-Lemarroy, Nicolás Escobedo-Zúñiga, Daniela Ortiz-Zacarias, Juan Peña-Avendaño, Estefanía Villarreal-Garza, Marco A Díaz-Torres
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is known to be associated with affective disorders and sleep alterations, as well as with gastrointestinal conditions such as peptic ulcers and inflammatory bowel disease. There is comparatively little evidence linking epilepsy and gastrointestinal functional disorders. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and impact of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in patients with epilepsy. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional observational study on 65 consecutive people with epilepsy (PWE) and age- and sex-matched controls...
October 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"