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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344812/short-term-and-long-term-effects-of-osteoporosis-on-incisor-teeth-and-femoral-bones-evaluated-by-raman-spectroscopy-and-energy-dispersive-x-ray-analysis-in-ovariectomized-rats
#1
Fernanda Rossi Paolillo, Renan Arnon Romano, Luciana de Matos, Airton Abrahão Martin, Francisco Eduardo Gontijo Guimarães, Jarbas Caiado de Castro Neto, Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato
There are few published data on the relationship between loss of bone mass due to osteoporosis and poor tooth quality. This study analyzed the effects of osteoporosis on incisor teeth and femoral bones using optical techniques in rats. Twenty female Wistar rats aged 6 months (n = 20) were randomized into two groups: control group, non-ovariectomized rats (n = 10); ovariectomy group, ovariectomized rats to induce osteoporosis (n = 10). Each group was subdivided randomly into two groups containing five rats each as follows...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343047/acute-esophageal-necrosis-in-critically-ill-patients-consider-this-possibility
#2
Oliviero Crescenzi, Matteo Vissani, Giulia Brunelli, Luciana Rotelli, Giammichele Nicoletta, Emmanuelle Vilardo, Silvia Baroni, Ferruccio Farroni, Lorenzo Mariani, Raffaele Zava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340546/pre-and-postoperative-ph-monitoring-and-weight-loss-analysis-in-patients-undergoing-gastric-plication-in-association-with-fundoplication
#3
Flávio Heuta Ivano, Luciana Pereira Mesquita, Cristiane Megumi Simamura, Gustavo Massaki Kuwaki, Julielli Taques Colman, Guilherme Mussi Campos
BACKGROUND: Obese patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease with pathological pH monitoring result may benefit from surgical treatment which is based on the fundoplication technique in association with laparoscopic gastric plication. The Nissen surgery is the gold standard for surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease, whereas laparoscopic gastric plication is a restrictive surgery that consists of the invagination of the greater curvature, resulting in weight loss. AIM: To compare pre and postoperative pHmetry results and to evaluate weight loss in patients submitted to gastroplasty with fundoplication...
October 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340461/synanthropic-triatomines-as-potential-vectors-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-central-brazil
#4
Thaís Tâmara Castro Minuzzi-Souza, Nadjar Nitz, César Augusto Cuba Cuba, Marcelo Santalucia, Monique Knox, Luciana Hagström, Camilla Bernardes Furtado, Tamires Emanuele Vital, Marcos Takashi Obara, Mariana Machado Hecht, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease surveillance requires current knowledge on synanthropic triatomines. We analyzed the occurrence and Trypanosoma cruzi infection rates of triatomine bugs in central Brazil, during 2012-2014. METHODS: Triatomines were collected inside or around houses, and T. cruzi infection was determined by optical microscopy and conventional/quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Of the 2706 triatomines collected, Triatoma sordida was the most frequent species in Goiás State, whereas Panstrongylus megistus predominated in the Federal District...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338003/the-prevalence-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-adpkd-a-meta-analysis-of-european-literature-and-prevalence-evaluation-in-the-italian-province-of-modena-suggest-that-adpkd-is-a-rare-and-underdiagnosed-condition
#5
Andrea Solazzo, Francesca Testa, Silvia Giovanella, Marco Busutti, Luciana Furci, Paola Carrera, Maurizio Ferrari, Giulia Ligabue, Giacomo Mori, Marco Leonelli, Gianni Cappelli, Riccardo Magistroni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: ADPKD is erroneously perceived as a not rare condition, which is mainly due to the repeated citation of a mistaken interpretation of old epidemiological data, as reported in the Dalgaard's work (1957). Even if ADPKD is not a common condition, the correct prevalence of ADPKD in the general population is uncertain, with a wide range of estimations reported by different authors. In this work, we have performed a meta-analysis of available epidemiological data in the European literature...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336227/extracts-from-lupinus-albescens-antioxidant-power-and-antifungal-activity-in-vitro-against-phytopathogenic-fungi
#6
Tássia C Confortin, Izelmar Todero, Juliana F Soares, Luciana Luft, Thiarles Brun, Jéssica E Rabuske, Cicero U Nogueira, Marcio A Mazutti, Giovani L Zabot, Marcus V Tres
Fungi are considered the most damaging microorganisms in agriculture. The indiscriminate use of chemical treatments in agricultural products causes the development of pest resistance and affects human health. An alternative to synthetic fungicides is the use of natural products such as plant extracts for the management of fungal diseases in plants. Extracts from different parts of Lupinus albescens (roots, stalks, leaves, and flowers) were obtained by extraction using supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) or compressed liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336034/quantitative-evaluation-of-collagen-and-elastic-fibers-after-intense-pulsed-light-treatment-of-mouse-skin
#7
Luciana L Faucz, Sonia E Will, Consuelo J Rodrigues, Henrique Hesse, Angelina C Moraes, Durvanei A Maria
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aging of human skin includes intrinsic aging and photo-aging, which are characterized by a decrease in collagen and the deposition of abnormal elastic fibers. Intense pulsed light (IPL) sources are widely used in medicine to treat various cosmetic problems, including photo-damaged skin. Few studies have examined the microscopic changes produced by IPL. The objective of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the effects of IPL on collagen and elastic fibers in mice...
January 16, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335820/how-much-do-we-know-about-hemolytic-capability-of-pathogenic-candida-species
#8
REVIEW
Márcia C Furlaneto, Helena P Góes, Hugo F Perini, Renan C Dos Santos, Luciana Furlaneto-Maia
Hemolytic factor production by pathogenic Candida species is considered an important attribute in promoting survival within the mammal host through the ability to assimilate iron from the hemoglobin-heme group. Hemolytic capability has been evaluated for Candida species based on hemolysis zones on plate assay, analysis of hemolytic activity in liquid culture medium, and hemolysis from cell-free culture broth. The production of hemolytic factor is variable among Candida species, where C. parapsilosis is the less hemolytic species...
January 15, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335683/sex-differences-in-salivary-parameters-of-caries-susceptibility-in-healthy-individuals
#9
Leonardo Victor Galvão-Moreira, Cláudia Monteiro de Andrade, Jéssica Francisca Fernandes de Oliveira, Maria Rosa Quaresma Bomfim, Patricia de Maria Silva Figueiredo, Luciana Salles Branco-de-Almeida
PURPOSE: To investigate salivary parameters of caries susceptibility in men and women in order to identify potential variations due to sexual dimorphism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 46 female and 24 male patients, aged 18-40 years, participated in this study. Unstimulated saliva was collected for the evaluation of flow rate, pH, secretory IgA, Snyder test scores, and Streptococcus mutans counts (confirmed by PCR assay). Statistical analysis included the Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Bonferroni tests, one-way ANOVA, and the Spearman correlation at a 5% significance level, followed by a general linear model and multiple linear regressions...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334952/predictors-of-overweight-obesity-in-a-brazilian-cohort-after-13-years-of-follow-up
#10
Ludimila Garcia Souza, Thiago Veiga Jardim, Ana Carolina Rezende, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Humberto Graner Moreira, Naiana Borges Perillo, Samanta Garcia de Souza, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso de Souza, Ymara Cássia Luciana Araújo, Maria do Rosário Gondim Peixoto, Paulo César Brandão Veiga Jardim
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a chronic complex disease with an increasing prevalence around the world. Prospective studies in adult cohorts are needed to provide information about predictors of new-onset overweight/obesity on population-based levels. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with the risk of an adult individual become overweight/obese after 13 years of follow-up. METHODS: Second phase of an observational population-based prospective cohort study in a small town in the Midwest region of Brazil...
January 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334284/surface-endoglin-cd105-expression-on-acute-leukemia-blast-cells-an-extensive-flow-cytometry-study-of-1002-patients
#11
Vincenzo Cosimato, Giulia Scalia, Maddalena Raia, Laura Gentile, Vincenza Cerbone, Feliciano Visconte, Teodora Statuto, Luciana Valvano, Fiorella D'Auria, Giovanni Calice, Daniela Graziano, Pellegrino Musto, Luigi Del Vecchio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332248/performance-of-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-at-3-0t-for-early-assessment-of-tumor-response-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-treated-with-preoperative-chemoradiation-therapy
#12
Andrea Delli Pizzi, Roberta Cianci, Domenico Genovesi, Gianluigi Esposito, Mauro Timpani, Alessandra Tavoletta, Pierluigi Pulsone, Raffaella Basilico, Daniela Gabrielli, Consuelo Rosa, Luciana Caravatta, Monica Di Tommaso, Massimo Caulo, Antonella Filippone
PURPOSE: The purpose of the article is to determine whether changes in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) obtained 2 weeks after the beginning of chemoradiation therapy (CRT) allow to predict treatment response and whether correlate with tumor histopathologic response. METHODS: Forty-three patients receiving CRT for LARC and 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging with diffusion-weighted sequences before treatment, 2 weeks during, and 8 weeks post the completion of CRT were included...
January 13, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332098/a-novel-mutation-of-the-%C3%AE-globin-gene-in-an-asymptomatic-30-year-old-female
#13
Chiara Di Bella, Francesca Pugliatti, Maria Angela La Rosa, Simona Cara, Anna Paola Capra, Luciana Rigoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331407/decreased-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autoimmune-hepatitis
#14
Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Luciana Neder, Clovis A Silva, Gilda Porta
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional assessment with the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0) was completed for 80 patients with autoimmune hepatitis and 45 healthy controls. Demographic data, prednisone dose, disease remission state, disease severity, and abdominal pain were also evaluated. RESULTS: Based on the child self-reports, physical, emotional, school, and total scores were significantly lower in autoimmune hepatitis patients when compared with controls (p<0...
January 10, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329851/chemical-characterization-of-myrciaria-floribunda-h-west-ex-willd-fruit
#15
Luciana Mouta de Oliveira, Alexandre Porte, Ronoel Luiz de Oliveira Godoy, Marcelo da Costa Souza, Sidney Pacheco, Manuela Cristina Pessanha de Araujo Santiago, Ana Cristina Miranda Senna Gouvêa, Luzimar da Silva de Mattos do Nascimento, Renata Galhardo Borguini
M. floribunda fruit was studied to characterize its chemical composition. The chemical composition, bioactive compounds, antioxidant activity and volatiles of the fruit were determined. The chemical composition was determined according to AOAC and AOCS, the bioactive compounds by HPLC, the volatiles by GCMS and the antioxidant activity by ABTS+ and DPPH methods. The chemical composition of the freeze-dried fruit was 1.89 g·100 g-1, 2.43 g·100 g-1, 4.78 g·100 g-1 and 90.89 g·100 g-1 of ashes, lipids, proteins and total carbohydrates on a dry base, respectively...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329574/microcephaly-epidemic-related-to-the-zika-virus-and-living-conditions-in-recife-northeast-brazil
#16
Wayner Vieira de Souza, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque, Enrique Vazquez, Luciana Caroline Albuquerque Bezerra, Antonio da Cruz Gouveia Mendes, Tereza Maciel Lyra, Thalia Velho Barreto de Araujo, André Luiz Sá de Oliveira, Maria Cynthia Braga, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Amanda Priscila de Santana Cabral Silva, Laura Rodrigues, Celina Maria Turchi Martelli
BACKGROUND: Starting in August 2015, there was an increase in the number of cases of neonatal microcephaly in Northeast Brazil. These findings were identified as being an epidemic of microcephaly related to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection. The present study aims to analyse the spatial distribution of microcephaly cases in Recife (2015-2016), which is in Northeast Brazil, and its association with the living conditions in this city. METHODS: This was an ecological study that used data from reported cases of microcephaly from the State Health Department of Pernambuco (August 2015 to July 2016)...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325991/bothrops-jararaca-accessory-venom-gland-is-an-ancillary-source-of-toxins-to-the-snake
#17
Richard Hemmi Valente, Milene Schmidt Luna, Ursula Castro de Oliveira, Milton Yutaka Nishiyama-Junior, Inácio de Loiola Junqueira-de-Azevedo, José Antonio Portes-Junior, Patricia Bianca Clissa, Luciana Godoy Viana, Leonardo Sanches, Ana Maria Moura-da-Silva, Jonas Perales, Norma Yamanouye
In Viperidae snakes, it has been attributed to the main venom gland, a component of the venom gland apparatus, the function of synthesizing all venom toxins and storing them inside a basal-central lumen. However, the role of the accessory gland is still unknown. Here, we analyzed the proteome and the transcriptome of the accessory gland during venom production and secretion cycle. We showed that the accessory gland expresses and synthesizes toxins that are similar to those produced by the main venom gland such as C-type lectin/C-type lectin-like proteins, metalloproteinase, phospholipase A2, cysteine rich secretory protein, nerve growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, serine proteinase, and l-amino acid oxidase...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325533/a-systematic-review-of-comparisons-between-protocols-or-registrations-and-full-reports-in-primary-biomedical-research
#18
Guowei Li, Luciana P F Abbade, Ikunna Nwosu, Yanling Jin, Alvin Leenus, Muhammad Maaz, Mei Wang, Meha Bhatt, Laura Zielinski, Nitika Sanger, Bianca Bantoto, Candice Luo, Ieta Shams, Hamnah Shahid, Yaping Chang, Guangwen Sun, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Zainab Samaan, Mitchell A H Levine, Jonathan D Adachi, Lehana Thabane
BACKGROUND: Prospective study protocols and registrations can play a significant role in reducing incomplete or selective reporting of primary biomedical research, because they are pre-specified blueprints which are available for the evaluation of, and comparison with, full reports. However, inconsistencies between protocols or registrations and full reports have been frequently documented. In this systematic review, which forms part of our series on the state of reporting of primary biomedical, we aimed to survey the existing evidence of inconsistencies between protocols or registrations (i...
January 11, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325155/sleep-findings-in-brazilian-children-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#19
Luciana Pinato, Erlane M Ribeiro, Rebeka F P Leite, Thayse F Lopes, André L S Pessoa, Leila M Guissoni Campos, Giovanna E Piffer, Ana L D M Souza, Célia M Giacheti
Study Objectives: Zika virus infection during pregnancy may result in congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), whose characteristics are being described. Methods: The present study aimed to investigate the sleep characteristics of 136 infants/toddlers (88 with CZS and 48 with typical development (TD), age and gender matched, 60% girls and 40% boys in both groups) using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. The ages of children in both groups ranged from 5 to 24 months (CZS 15...
January 6, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324967/theoretical-saturation-in-qualitative-research-an-experience-report-in-interview-with-schoolchildren
#20
Luciana de Cassia Nunes Nascimento, Tania Vignuda de Souza, Isabel Cristina Dos Santos Oliveira, Juliana Rezende Montenegro Medeiros de Moraes, Rosane Cordeiro Burla de Aguiar, Liliane Faria da Silva
OBJECTIVE: report the experience of applying the theoretical data saturation technique in qualitative research with schoolchildren. METHOD: critical reading of primary sources and compilation of raw data, followed by thematic grouping through colorimetric codification and allocation of themes/types of statements in charts to find theoretical saturation for each grouping. RESULTS: colorimetric codification occurred according to previously established themes: bodily hydration; physical activities and play; handling of sickle-cell disease; feeding and clothing...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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