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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345841/effects-of-high-impact-exercise-on-the-physical-properties-of-bones-of-ovariectomized-rats-fed-to-a-high-protein-diet
#1
Roberta Carminati Shimano, Gabriela Rezende Yanagihara, Ana Paula Macedo, Jessica Suzuki Yamanaka, Antônio Carlos Shimano, João Manuel R S Tavares, João Paulo Mardegan Issa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of high-impact physical exercise as a prophylactic and therapeutic means in osteopenic bones of rats submitted to ovariectomy and protein diet intake. A total of 64 Wistar rats were divided into eight groups (n=8 each), being: OVX, ovx, standard diet and sedentary; OVXE, ovx, standard diet and jump; OVXP, ovx, high-protein diet and sedentary; and OVXEP, ovx, high-protein diet and jump; SH, sham, standard diet and sedentary; SHE, sham, standard diet and jump; SHP, sham, high-protein diet and sedentary; and SHEP, sham, high-protein-diet and jump...
January 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339298/implementation-and-impact-of-an-audit-and-feedback-antimicrobial-stewardship-intervention-in-the-orthopaedics-department-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-a-controlled-interrupted-time-series-study
#2
Margarida Tavares, Ana Cláudia Carvalho, José Pedro Almeida, Paulo Andrade, Ricardo São Simão, Pedro Soares, Carlos Alves, Rui Pinto, Arnaud Fontanet, Laurence Watier
A prospective audit and feedback antimicrobial stewardship intervention conducted in the Orthopaedics Department of a University Hospital in Portugal was evaluated by comparing an interrupted time series in an intervention group and a non-intervention (control) group. Monthly antibiotic use (except cefazolin) was measured as World Health Organization- and Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical-defined daily doses (DDD) from January 2012 to September 2016, excluding the 6-month phase of intervention implementation starting on January 1, 2015...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338557/biosynthesis-characterization-and-leishmanicidal-activity-of-a-biocomposite-containing-agnps-pvp-glucantime
#3
Ana Patricia Cacua Gélvez, Luis Henrique Seabra Farias, Victor Soares Pereira, Inaldo Claudio Martins da Silva, Ana Carolina Costa, Carmen Gilda Barroso Tavares Dias, Roseane Maria Ribeiro Costa, Silvia Helena Marques Da Silva, Ana Paula Drummond Rodrigues
AIM: Development of functionalized nanocomposites containing AgNPs-PVP-Glucantime® to evaluate their leishmanicidal activity as a novel method for improving the pharmacological properties of the drug Glucantime® against extracellular promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis in vitro to treat cutaneous leishmaniasis. MATERIALS & METHODS: The silver nanoparticles and nanocomposites prepared containing silver nanoparticles, polyvinylpyrrolidone and different amounts of Glucantime were characterized using transmission electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and ζ potential analysis; in addition, the in vitro cytotoxicity was evaluated...
January 17, 2018: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337267/acute-lung-injury-induced-by-intestinal-ischemia-and-reperfusion-is-altered-in-obese-female-mice
#4
Evelyn Thais Fantozzi, Sara Garbin, Fernanda Yamamoto-Ricardo-da-Silva, Ricardo Martins Oliveira-Filho, Domenico Spina, Wothan Tavares-de-Lima, Yanira Riffo-Vasquez
RATIONAL: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a common complication after intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury that can lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We have previously demonstrated that females are protected against lung damage induced by intestinal I/R through an estrogen mediated mechanism. OBJECTIVES: to investigate the effect of obesity on ALI induced by intestinal I/R in female mice. METHODS: C57Bl/6 female mice were fed with a standard low-fat diet (SD) or a high-fat diet (HFD) for 9 weeks...
January 11, 2018: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332591/anti-trypanosoma-cruzi-activity-in-vitro-of-phases-and-isolated-compounds-from-excoecaria-lucida-leaves
#5
Cristiane Franca da Silva, Ania Ochoa Pacheco, Rayane Nogueira Alves, Josean Fechine Tavares, Marcelo Sobral da Silva, Julio Cesar Escalona Arranz
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. This illness is found mainly in 21 Latin American countries and an estimated 8 million people are infected worldwide. The unsatisfactory chemotherapy provokes severe toxicity and resistant strains. Medicinal plants constitute a promising source of new drugs and remedies against all kinds of disorders, mainly infectious diseases arousing interest worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study has been the isolation, structural identification and evaluation of the trypanocidal activity of samples present in the Excoecaria lucida Sw...
January 11, 2018: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331193/-using-connected-objects-to-favour-patients-adherence-to-physical-activity
#6
REVIEW
Alexander Arefyev, Jean-Baptiste Lechauve, Chloé Gay, Laurent Gerbaud, Marie-Sophie Chérillat, Isabelle Tavares Figueiredo, Anne Plan-Paquet, Emmanuel Coudeyre
A study explored the factors which can have an impact on the use of connected objects to improve patients' adherence to physical activity, when they suffer from chronic low back pain. The results can be used to adjust the development of an application aimed at patients with chronic low back pain.
January 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330422/seabirds-fighting-for-land-phenotypic-consequences-of-breeding-area-constraints-at-a-small-remote-archipelago
#7
Guilherme Tavares Nunes, Sophie Bertrand, Leandro Bugoni
Identifying associations between phenotypes and environmental parameters is crucial for understanding how natural selection acts at the individual level. In this context, genetically isolated populations can be useful models for identifying the forces selecting fitness-related traits. Here, we use a comprehensive dataset on a genetically and ecologically isolated population of the strictly marine bird, the brown booby Sula leucogaster, at the tropical and remote Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, mid-Atlantic Ocean, in order to detect phenotypic adjustments from interindividual differences in diet, foraging behaviour, and nest quality...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329843/partial-substitution-of-nacl-by-kcl-and-addition-of-flavor-enhancers-on-probiotic-prato-cheese-a-study-covering-manufacturing-ripening-and-storage-time
#8
Hugo L A Silva, Celso F Balthazar, Erick A Esmerino, Roberto P C Neto, Ramon S Rocha, Jeremias Moraes, Rodrigo N Cavalcanti, Robson M Franco, Maria Inês B Tavares, Jânio S Santos, Daniel Granato, Renata G B Costa, Mônica Q Freitas, Márcia C Silva, Renata S L Raices, C Senaka Ranadheera, Filomena Nazzaro, Amir M Mortazavian, Adriano G Cruz
Cheese is a suitable matrix to deliver probiotic strains but it contains a high amount of sodium. The effect of partial substitution of NaCl by KCl and the addition of flavor enhancers (l-arginine, yeast and oregano extract) on probiotic Prato cheese was investigated after 1, 30, and 60 d of refrigerated storage (immediately after manufacturing, and during ripening and storage). Microbiological (lactic acid bacteria and probiotic Lactobacillus casei 01 counts and survival under gastrointestinal conditions), physicochemical (pH, proteolysis, fatty acids), bioactivity (antioxidant effect and angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity), rheological, and water mobility by means of time domain low-field nuclear magnetic resonance were investigated...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327464/the-expression-of-an-exogenous-acc-deaminase-by-the-endophyte-serratia-grimesii-bxf1-promotes-the-early-nodulation-and-growth-of-common-bean
#9
Maria J Tavares, Francisco X Nascimento, Bernard R Glick, Márcio J Rossi
Ethylene acts as an inhibitor of the nodulation process of leguminous plants. However, some bacteria can decrease deleterious ethylene levels by the action of the enzyme 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase which degrades ACC, the ethylene precursor in all higher plants. Co-inoculation of rhizobia with endophytes enhances the rhizobial symbiotic efficiency with legumes, improving both nodulation and nitrogen fixation. However, not much is understood about the mechanisms employed by these endophytic bacteria...
January 11, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326360/immunopet-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-imaging-cd4-t-cells-in-a-murine-model-of-colitis
#10
Amanda Christine Freise, Kirstin A Zettlitz, Felix Bergara Salazar, Richard Tavaré, Wen-Ting K Tsai, Arion Hadjioannou, Nora Rozengurt, Jonathan Braun, Anna M Wu
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) in humans are characterized in part by aberrant CD4+ T cell responses. Currently, identification of foci of inflammation within the gut requires invasive procedures such as colonoscopy and biopsy. Molecular imaging with antibody fragment probes could be used to noninvasively monitor cell subsets causing intestinal inflammation. Here, GK1.5 cys-diabody (cDb), an anti-mouse CD4 antibody fragment derived from the GK1.5 hybridoma, was used as a positron emission tomography (PET) probe for CD4+ T cells in the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) mouse model of IBD...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324965/analysis-of-brazilian-publications-on-distance-education-in-nursing-integrative-review
#11
Ana Paula Cardoso Tavares, Bruna Silva Leite, Isabelle Andrade Silveira, Thayane Dias Dos Santos, Willian de Andrade Pereira de Brito, Alessandra Conceição Leite Funchal Camacho
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the publications that focus on distance education in nursing in Brazil from 2010 to 2016. METHOD: Integrative review of the literature with data collection in June 2016 in the following databases: LILACS, MEDLINE via PUBMED, CINAHL and SCOPUS. For the data analysis and interpretation, the thematic categorization was chosen. RESULTS: We selected 18 articles for discussion, whose textual analysis permitted the construction of three thematic categories: use of virtual technologies for distance education in nursing; construction of virtual learning environments with the aid of virtual technologies for distance education in nursing; and evaluation of the learning process through virtual technologies for distance education of nurses...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319780/diabetes-mellitus-and-hyperkalemic-renal-tubular-acidosis-case-reports-and-literature-review
#12
Carlos Henrique Pires Ratto Tavares Bello, João Sequeira Duarte, Carlos Vasconcelos
Hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism, despite being common, remains an underdiagnosed entity that is more prevalent in patients with diabetes mellitus. It presents with asymptomatic hyperkalemia along with hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis without significant renal function impairment. The underlying pathophysiological mechanism is not fully understood, but it is postulated that either aldosterone deficiency (hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism) and/or target organ aldosterone resistance (pseudohypoaldosteronism) may be responsible...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319763/current-distribution-pattern-of-biopsy-proven-glomerular-disease-in-salvador-brazil-40-years-after-an-initial-assessment
#13
Washington Luis Conrado Dos-Santos, Glória Maria Maranhão Sweet, Labene Gondim Azevêdo, Maria Brandão Tavares, Maria Fernanda Sanches Soares, Caroline Vilas Boas de Melo, Márcia Fernanda Melo Carneiro, Rilma Ferreira de Souza Santos, Márcia Cristina Conrado, Daniela Teixeira Leal Braga, Marcia Carvalho Bessa, Nathanael de Freitas Pinheiro Junior, Marília Bahiense-Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: A report on the prevalence of glomerular disease diagnosed via renal biopsy in Salvador, BA, Brazil was published in 1973 and showed a predominance of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, which was frequently associated with hepatosplenic schistosomiasis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigate the potential changes in the distribution of glomerular diseases after a period of important epidemiological transition in Brazil. METHODS: Pathology reports of all patients subjected to kidney biopsy from 2003 to 2015 in a referral nephrology service were reviewed...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319738/the-use-of-nanoparticles-in-wound-treatment-a-systematic-review
#14
Maria Michelle Pereira Silva, Maria Isis Freire de Aguiar, Andrea Bezerra Rodrigues, Maira Di Ciero Miranda, Michell Ângelo Marques Araújo, Isaura Letícia Tavares Palmeira Rolim, Angela Maria Alves E Souza
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of nanoparticle-based dressings on the wound healing process in in vitro animals and human cells based on scientific evidence. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature in LILACS, PubMed and Science Direct databases. The articles were selected and evaluated for the level of evidence by the application of STROBE. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 12 articles. The application of the products occurred in surgical wounds, burns, infected wounds and gingival ulcers in laboratory animals, as well as in vitro tests, demonstrating that among other advantages, the nanoparticle-based dressings increased the healing speed, had good antibacterial capacity and were non cytotoxic agents...
January 8, 2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318387/antimicrobial-activity-of-psidium-cattleianum-associated-with-calcium-hydroxide-against-enterococcus-faecalis-and-candida-albicans-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Jorgiana Sangalli, Elerson Gaetti Jardim Júnior, Carlos Roberto Emerenciano Bueno, Rogério Castilho Jacinto, Gustavo Sivieri-Araújo, João Eduardo Gomes Filho, Luciano Tavares Ângelo Cintra, Eloi Dezan Junior
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate, in vitro, the antimicrobial activity of Psidium cattleianum leaf extracts combined with calcium hydroxide against Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans biofilm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dentin specimens obtained from extracted bovine incisors were infected during 14 days with E. faecalis ATCC 29212 and C. albicans ATCC 10231. The specimens were filled with calcium hydroxide pastes prepared with the following vehicles: Psidium cattleianum ethanolic, Psidium cattleianum propylene glycolic, distilled water, and saline as control...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313754/adipoq-45t%C3%A2-g-polymorphism-food-ingestion-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-elderly-persons
#16
Vanessa R Retamoso, Patrícia Maurer, Lyana B Feijóo, Graziela M S Tavares, Vanusa Manfredini, Jacqueline C E Piccoli
INTRODUCTION: The current nutritional transition process contributes further to accelerate the onset of metabolic disorders, as do a number of environmental factors that lead to the diagnosis of chronic diseases, as a diet of low nutritional value, is possibly related to the incidence of metabolic syndrome. In addition to these factors, metabolic syndrome may also be related to genetic factors, the ADIPOQ + 45T> G polymorphism has been associated with serum adiponectin levels, insulin sensitivity, and obesity, which affects adiponectin levels act as protective factor for cardiovascular disease...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305371/isolated-lateral-leg-compartment-syndrome-following-an-ankle-sprain
#17
Joao Teixeira, Carlos Queirós, Nuno Reais, Nuno Tavares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303530/spine-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-dynamic-flexion-sequences-for-evaluation-of-mini-polymyoclonus
#18
Ronnyson Susano Grativvol, Wagner Cid Palmeira Cavalcante, Vitor Marques Caldas, Gabriela Almeida Pimentel, Carlos Otto Heise, Leonardo Guilhermino Gutierrez, Leandro Tavares Lucato, Ricardo Nitrini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298843/nis-expression-in-thyroid-tumors-relation-with-prognosis-clinicopathological-and-molecular-features
#19
Catarina Tavares, Maria João Coelho, Catarina Eloy, Miguel Melo, Adriana Gaspar da Rocha, Ana Pestana, Rui Batista, Luciana Bueno Ferreira, Elisabete Rios, Samia Selmi-Ruby, Bruno Cavadas, Luísa Pereira, Manuel Sobrinho Simões, Paula Soares
Thyroid cancer therapy is based on surgery followed by radioiodine treatment. The incorporation of radioiodine by cancer cells is mediated by sodium iodide symporter (NIS) (codified by the SLC5A5 gene), that is functional only when targeted to the cell membrane. We aimed to evaluate if NIS expression in thyroid primary tumors would be helpful in predicting tumor behavior, response to therapy and prognosis. NIS expression was addressed by qPCR and immunohistochemistry. In order to validate our data, we also studied SLC5A5 expression on 378 primary papillary thyroid carcinomas from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database...
January 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297794/the-eye-of-the-azara-s-agouti-dasyprocta-azarae-morphological-observations-and-selected-ophthalmic-diagnostic-tests
#20
André Tavares-Somma, Nathália Seabra, Bret A Moore, Mario Sato, Rogério R Lange, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
The purpose of this study was to carry out a descriptive investigation of the Azara's agouti ( Dasyprocta azarae) eye and to establish reference values of select ophthalmic diagnostic tests and physiologic parameters. A total of 19 healthy agoutis were used. Select ophthalmic diagnostic tests were performed, including Schirmer tear test type I (STTI), analysis of the conjunctival bacterial microflora, corneal esthesiometry, and tonometry. B-mode ultrasonic biometry, fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, and gross and histologic analysis of two eyes were also performed...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
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