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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930668/aspects-of-sexual-precocity-and-morphometry-of-uterus-placenta-and-embryos-fetuses-in-piau-breed-and-commercial-line-gilts
#1
José Carlos Montes, Jurandy Mauro Penitente-Filho, Simone Eliza Facioni Guimarães, Paulo Sávio Lopes, Breno Soares Camilo, Hugo Hideki Shiomi, Daniel Araújo Lima, Rogério Oliveira Pinho, Jhonata Vieira Tavares do Nascimento Pereira, Denise Silva Okano, Karine Assis Costa, José Domingos Guimarães
In view of the importance of the genetic material of local breeds in the swine industry and the lack of information about reproductive performance of Piau females, two experiments were conducted to evaluate puberty and sexual maturity as well as the morphometry of embryos/fetuses, placenta and uterus during the first 90 days of gestation in Piau breed and Commercial line gilts. In experiment I, 37 Piau and 25 commercial line gilts were used. From the 120 days of age, detection of estrus was performed using mature boars from the first to third estrus of each gilt...
September 12, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929017/calcitonin-receptor-expression-in-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma
#2
Virginia Cappagli, Catarina Soares Potes, Luciana Bueno Ferreira, Catarina Tavares, Catarina Eloy, Rossella Elisei, Manuel Sobrinho-Simões, Peter J Wookey, Paula Soares
BACKGROUND: Calcitonin expression is a well-established marker for medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC); yet the role of calcitonin receptor (CTR), its seven-transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor, remains to be established in C-cells derived thyroid tumors. The aim of this work was to investigate CTR expression in MTC and to correlate such expression with clinicopathological features in order to evaluate its possible role as a prognostic indicator of disease aggressiveness and outcome...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928495/intra-examiner-reliability-of-measurements-of-ankle-range-of-motion-using-a-modified-inclinometer-a-pilot-study
#3
Patricia Tavares, Victoria Landsman, Leslie Wiltshire
A modified inclinometer was designed for measuring total ankle range of motion (ROM) in the standing position for a large future study. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the intra-examiner reliability of this new device in order to see if the examiner would be able to produce equally reliable measurements with this instrument as with a routinely used goniometer. Nineteen young healthy individuals took part in the pilot. The same examiner took the ROM measurements using both devices twice on the same day and one further time 2 or 3 days later...
August 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928164/immunopet-of-malignant-and-normal-b-cells-with%C3%A2-89-zr-and%C3%A2-124-i-labeled-obinutuzumab-antibody-fragments-reveals-differential-cd20-internalization-in-vivo
#4
Kirstin A Zettlitz, Richard Tavare, Scott M Knowles, Kristopher K Steward, John M Timmerman, Anna M Wu
PURPOSE: The B-cell antigen CD20 provides a target for antibody-based positron emission tomography (immunoPET). We engineered antibody fragments targeting human CD20 and studied their potential as immunoPET tracers in transgenic mice (huCD20TM) and in a murine lymphoma model expressing human CD20. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Anti-CD20 cys-diabody (cDb) and cys-minibody (cMb) based on rituximab (Rx) and obinutuzumab (GA101) were radioiodinated and used for immunoPET imaging of a murine lymphoma model...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927840/chemical-composition-and-modulation-of-bacterial-drug-resistance-of-the-essential-oil-from-leaves-of-croton-grewioides
#5
Vivianne Marcelino de Medeiros, Yuri Mangueira do Nascimento, Augusto Lopes Souto, Sara Alves Lucena Madeiro, Vicente Carlos de Oliveira Costa, Suellen Maria P M Silva, Vivyanne Dos Santos Falcão Silva, Maria de Fátima Agra, José Pinto de Siqueira-Júnior, Josean Fechine Tavares
The essential oil from leaves of Croton grewioides Baill was obtained by hydrodistillation using Clevenger apparatus, and its chemical composition was analyzed by GC-MS, where 18 compounds were identified, mostly as monoterpenes (55.56%) and sesquiterpenes (44.44%), in which the major constituent was the α-pinene (47.43%). The essential oil of Croton grewioides (EOCg) and its major compound (α-pinene) were evaluated as modulators of antibiotic resistance in strain SA-1199B and IS-58 of Staphylococcus aureus that overexpresses efflux protein...
September 16, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927575/inequity-in-healthcare-use-among-older-people-after-2008-the-case-of-southern-european-countries
#6
Lara Patrício Tavares, Francesca Zantomio
Despite the sizeable cuts in public healthcare spending, which were part of the austerity measures recently undertaken in Southern European countries, little attention has been devoted to monitoring its distributional consequences in terms of healthcare use. This study aims at measuring socioeconomic inequities in primary and secondary healthcare use experienced some time after the crisis onset in Italy, Spain and Portugal. The analysis, based on data drawn from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), focuses on older people, who generally face significantly higher healthcare needs, and whose health appeared to have worsened in the aftermath of the crisis...
September 16, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927386/patients-perception-regarding-the-influence-of-individual-and-social-vulnerabilities-on-the-adherence-to-tuberculosis-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#7
Rosiane Davina da Silva, Fernanda Darliane Tavares de Luna, Aguinaldo José de Araújo, Edwirde Luiz Silva Camêlo, Maria Rita Bertolozzi, Paula Hino, Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda, Sayonara Maria Lia Fook, Tânia Maria Ribeiro Monteiro de Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains an important disease which mainly affects the majority of vulnerable individuals in society, who are subjected to poor living conditions and difficulties to access the services of public health. Under these circumstances, the present study aims to understand patients' perception in relation to the influence of individual and social vulnerabilities on the adherence to tuberculosis treatment. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in one large municipality at the state of Paraíba, Northeast of Brazil...
September 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923689/validation-of-standards-suitable-for-genome-size-estimation-of-fungi
#8
Pedro Talhinhas, Daniela Tavares, Ana Paula Ramos, Susana Gonçalves, João Loureiro
Genome size information is fundamental to genome sequencing and may also uncover genomic aspects of evolution. Flow Cytometry, the preferred method for genome size estimation, requires suitable standards. Here we validate Inonotus hispidus, Colletotrichum acutatum and Cenococcum geophilum (41, 68 and 203Mbp), as standards for fungal genome size estimation.
September 15, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921547/a-clinical-randomized-study-on-the-influence-of-dental-whitening-on-streptococcus-mutans-population
#9
André Luiz Fraga Briso, Úrsula Aparecida Escalero Silva, Morganna Borges de Almeida Souza, Vanessa Rahal, Elerson Gaetti Jardim Júnior, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra
Dental whitening with peroxides has been popularized through the at-home technique, which employs low concentrations of peroxide applied on individual trays. However, there are few clinical trials reporting the effects of its continuous use on oral microbiota. Thus, the purpose of the present clinical, randomized study was to evaluate the influence of at-home whitening treatment on Streptococcus mutans in saliva, buccal mucosa, and subgingival and supragingival plaque. Thirty volunteers were randomly divided into 2 study groups (n=15) according to the whitening therapy: G CP- whitening using 10% carbamide peroxide 4 hours daily for 21 days and G HP- whitening using 6% hydrogen peroxide 1...
September 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919956/first-karyotype-description-and-nuclear-2c-value-for-myrsine-primulaceae-comparing-three-species
#10
Renata Flávia de Carvalho, Paulo Marcos Amaral-Silva, Micheli Sossai Spadeto, Andrei Caíque Pires Nunes, Tatiana Tavares Carrijo, Carlos Roberto Carvalho, Wellington Ronildo Clarindo
Cytogenetic studies in Primulaceae are mostly available for herbaceous species, and are focused on the chromosome number determination. An accurate karyotype characterization represents a starting point to know the morphometry and class of the chromosomes. Comparison among species within Myrsine, associating these data with the nuclear 2C value, can show changes that led the karyotype evolution. Here, we studied three Myrsine species [Myrsine coriacea (Swartz, 1788) Brown ex Roemer et Schultes, 1819, Myrsine umbellata Martius, 1841 and Myrsine parvifolia Candolle, 1841] that show different abilities to occupy the varied types of vegetation within the Brazilian Atlantic Forest...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915217/estradiol-modulates-local-gut-injury-induced-by-intestinal-ischemia-reperfusion-in-male-rats
#11
Fernanda Yamamoto Ricardo-da-Silva, Evelyn Thaís Fantozzi, Sara Rodrigues-Garbin, Ricardo Martins Oliveira-Filho, Bernardo Boris Vargaftig, Ana Cristina Breithaupt-Faloppa, Wothan Tavares de Lima
Intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) triggers a systemic inflammatory response characterized by leukocyte mobilization from the bone marrow, release of cytokines to the circulation, and increased microvascular permeability, leading to high mortality. Females have shown attenuated inflammatory response to trauma when compared with males, indicating a role for female sex hormones in this process. Here, we have evaluated the effect of estradiol on the local gut injury induced by I/R in male rats. I/R was induced by the clamping of the superior mesenteric artery for 45 min, followed by 2 h of reperfusion...
October 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914254/homeopathic-therapy-for-sleep-bruxism-in-a-child-findings-of-a-2-year-case-report
#12
Claudia Tavares Silva, Laura Guimarães Primo, Adrielle Mangabeira, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andrea Fonseca-Gonçalves
Bruxism is a sleep disorder characterized by grinding and biting teeth with multifactorial etiology, resulting in deleterious effects on teeth, periodontium, and temporomandibular joint. There is a lack of scientific evidence evaluating the effectiveness of medicines in treating this parafunction. The present case report was drafted under the rules of CARE checklist. An 8-year-old male patient with sleep bruxism and associated symptoms received a combined homeopathic therapy of Phytolacca decandra 12c and Melissa officinalis 12c for 2 months...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911924/sialyl-tn-identifies-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-basal-and-luminal-subtypes-facing-decreased-survival-being-expressed-by-circulating-tumor-cells-and-metastases
#13
Luís Lima, Manuel Neves, Marta I Oliveira, Lorena Dieguez, Rui Freitas, Rita Azevedo, Cristiana Gaiteiro, Janine Soares, Dylan Ferreira, Andreia Peixoto, Elisabete Fernandes, Diana Montezuma, Ana Tavares, Ricardo Ribeiro, Ana Castro, Manuel Oliveira, Avelino Fraga, Celso A Reis, Lúcio Lara Santos, José Alexandre Ferreira
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential of sialyl-Tn (STn), a cancer-associated glycan antigen present in membrane glycoproteins, to improve a recent molecular model for stratification and prognostication of advanced stage bladder tumors based on keratins (KRT14, 5, and 20) expression. In addition, determine the association between STn and disease dissemination based on the evaluation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and the metastasis, which is a critical matter to improve patient management...
September 11, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910190/waist-to-height-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-c-reactive-protein-levels
#14
Denise Tavares Giannini, Maria Cristina Caetano Kuschnir, Cecília Lacroix de Oliveira, Moyses Szklo
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein is an acute-phase protein that has been found in association with adiposity and cardiovascular disease risk. In this paper, the objective was to assess the relationship of C-reactive protein to four anthropometric measurements: body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, C index, and waist circumference. METHODS: A cross-sectional random sample of the Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (Portuguese acronym "ERICA") was included in the study...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904352/polyphenols-journey-through-blood-brain-barrier-towards-neuronal-protection
#15
I Figueira, G Garcia, R C Pimpão, A P Terrasso, I Costa, A F Almeida, L Tavares, T F Pais, P Pinto, M R Ventura, A Filipe, G J McDougall, D Stewart, K S Kim, I Palmela, D Brites, M A Brito, C Brito, C N Santos
Age-related complications such as neurodegenerative disorders are increasing and remain cureless. The possibility of altering the progression or the development of these multifactorial diseases through diet is an emerging and attractive approach with increasing experimental support. We examined the potential of known bioavailable phenolic sulfates, arising from colonic metabolism of berries, to influence hallmarks of neurodegenerative processes. In silico predictions and in vitro transport studies across blood-brain barrier (BBB) endothelial cells, at circulating concentrations, provided evidence for differential transport, likely related to chemical structure...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902262/morphological-and-morphometric-features-of-nematode-cysts-in-gymnotus-inaequilabiatus-liver-in-the-brazilian-pantanal
#16
Gizela Melina Galindo, Robson Andrade Rodrigues, Sandriely Fernanda Marcondes, Priscilla Soares, Luiz Eduardo Roland Tavares, Carlos Eurico Fernandes
The aim of this study was to determine the morphometric measures and morphological aspects of nematode-cysts in Gymnotus inaequilabiatus, and the presence of melanomacrophage centers (MMCs) associated with the periphery of cysts and in the liver parenchyma. Adult specimens, 34 female (123.1 ± 43.9g) and 45 male (135.5 ± 43.4g), from Paraguay River, Corumbá, Brazil, were used. The number of nematode-cysts was determined in 79 livers and 25 of them randomly selected for histopathological analysis and morphometric measures of nematode-cysts (mean diameter, thickness of collagen layer, and cyst-wall layer)...
August 24, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901791/determinants-of-1-year-survival-in-critically-ill-acute-leukemia-patients-a-grrr-oh-study
#17
Márcio Tavares, Virginie Lemiale, Djamel Mokart, Frédéric Pène, Etienne Lengliné, Achille Kouatchet, Julien Mayaux, François Vincent, Martine Nyunga, Fabrice Bruneel, Antoine Rabbat, Christine Lebert, Pierre Perez, Anne-Pascale Meert, Dominique Benoit, Michael Darmon, Elie Azoulay
Acute leukemia (AL) is the most common hematological malignancy requiring intensive care unit (ICU) management. Data on long-term survival are limited. This is a post hoc analysis of the prospective multicenter data from France and Belgium: A Groupe de Recherche Respiratoire en Réanimation Onco-Hématologique [A Research Group on Acute Respiratory Failure in Onco-Hematological Patients (French)] Study, to identify determinants of 1-year survival in critically ill AL patients. A total of 278 patients were admitted in the 17 participating ICUs...
September 13, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894413/the-attentional-drift-diffusion-model-of-simple-perceptual-decision-making
#18
Gabriela Tavares, Pietro Perona, Antonio Rangel
Perceptual decisions requiring the comparison of spatially distributed stimuli that are fixated sequentially might be influenced by fluctuations in visual attention. We used two psychophysical tasks with human subjects to investigate the extent to which visual attention influences simple perceptual choices, and to test the extent to which the attentional Drift Diffusion Model (aDDM) provides a good computational description of how attention affects the underlying decision processes. We find evidence for sizable attentional choice biases and that the aDDM provides a reasonable quantitative description of the relationship between fluctuations in visual attention, choices and reaction times...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894079/portuguese-recommendations-for-the-use-of-biological-therapies-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-2016-update
#19
Pedro Machado, Marcos Cerqueira, Pedro Ávila-Ribeiro, Renata Aguiar, Alexandra Bernardo, Alexandre Sepriano, Ana Águeda, Ana Cordeiro, Ana Raposo, Ana M Rodrigues, Anabela Barcelos, Armando Malcata, Carina Lopes, Cláudia Vaz, Dolores Nour, Fátima Godinho, Fernando Alvarenga, Fernando Pimentel-Santos, Helena Canhão, Helena Santos, Inês Cunha, Joana Sousa Neves, João Eurico Fonseca, João Lagoas Gomes, José Tavares-Costa, Lúcia Costa, Luís Cunha-Miranda, Luís Maurício, Margarida Cruz, Maria Carmo Afonso, Maria José Santos, Miguel Bernardes, Paula Valente, Ricardo Figueira, Sofia Pimenta, Sofia Ramiro, Teresa Pedrosa, Tiago Afonso Costa, Elsa Vieira-Sousa
OBJECTIVE: To update the recommendations for the treatment of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) with biological therapies, endorsed by the Portuguese Society of Rheumatology. METHODS: These treatment recommendations were formulated by Portuguese rheumatologists based on literature evidence and consensus opinion. At a national meeting, the 7 recommendations included in this document were discussed and updated. A draft of the full text of the recommendations was then circulated and suggestions were incorporated...
June 25, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892741/effect-of-diet-with-omega-3-in-basal-brain-electrical-activity-and-during-status-epilepticus-in-rats
#20
Daniella Tavares Pessoa, Eva Luana Almeida da Silva, Edbhergue Ventura Lola Costa, Romildo Albuquerque Nogueira
Western diets are high in saturated fat and low in omega-3. Certain animals cannot produce omega-3 from their own lipids, making it necessary for it to be acquired from the diet. However, omega-3s are important components of the plasma membrane, and altering their proportions can promote physical and chemical alterations in the membranes, which may modify neuronal excitability. These alterations occur in healthy individuals, as well as in patients with epilepsy who are more sensitive to changes in brain electrical activity...
September 1, 2017: Epilepsy Research
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