Read by QxMD icon Read


Yina Shao, Chenghua Li, Wei Xu, Pengjuan Zhang, Weiwei Zhang, Xuelin Zhao
The biological functions of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been studied in a number of eukaryotic species. Recent studies on vertebrate animals have demonstrated critical roles of miRNA in immune and metabolic activities. However, studies on the functions of miRNA in invertebrates are very limited. Here, we demonstrated that miR-31 from Apostichopus japonicus disrupts the balance of lipid metabolism, thus resulting in cell apoptosis by targeting complement C1q tumor necrosis factor-related protein 9 (AjCTRP9), a novel adipokine with pleiotropic functions in immunity and metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Dajun Zhao, Jian Yang, Lifang Yang
Diabetes mellitus (DM) displays a high morbidity. The diabetic heart is susceptible to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. Impaired activation of prosurvival pathways, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, increased basal oxidative state, and decreased antioxidant defense and autophagy may render diabetic hearts more vulnerable to MI/R injury. Oxidative stress and mTOR signaling crucially regulate cardiometabolism, affecting MI/R injury under diabetes. Producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS), uncoupling nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and disturbing the mitochondrial quality control may be three major mechanisms of oxidative stress...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Guokun Yang, Chaobin Qin, Bin Wang, Jirong Jia, Xi Yuan, Caiyun Sun, Wensheng Li
CTRP9 is a member of the C1q/TNF-related protein (CTRP) superfamily and has been studied in mammals, while the comparative studies of CTRP9 in non-mammalian species are still absent. In this study, CTRP9 was isolated and characterized from the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides). The full length cDNA of CTRP9 was 1378 bp in size with ORF (open reading frame) of 1020 bp which encods a 339 amino acids preprohormone. The mRNA expression of CTRP9 showed a rather high level in the kidney and brain, but low level in other tissues...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
Bo Bai, Bo Ban, Zunjing Liu, Man Man Zhang, Bee Kang Tan, Jing Chen
OBJECTIVES: The C1q complement/TNF-related protein (CTRP) superfamily, which includes the adipokine adiponectin, has been shown in animal models to have positive metabolic and cardiovascular effects. We sought to investigate circulating CTRP1, CTRP9, CTRP12 and CTRP13 concentrations in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with age and BMI matched controls, and to examine the effects of a 2 hour 75g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) on serum CTRP1, CTRP9, CTRP12 and CTRP13 levels in persons with T2DM...
2017: PloS One
Mahesh Appari, Astrid Breitbart, Florian Brandes, Malgorzata Szaroszyk, Natali Froese, Mortimer Korf-Klingebiel, Mona Malek Mohammadi, Andrea Grund, Gesine M Scharf, Honghui Wang, Carolin Zwadlo, Daniela Fraccarollo, Ulrike Schrameck, Mona Nemer, William Wong, Hugo A Katus, Kai C Wollert, Oliver J Müller, Johann Bauersachs, Joerg Heineke
RATIONALE: Myocardial endothelial cells promote cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, possibly through the release of growth factors. The identity of these factors, however, remains largely unknown, and we hypothesized here that the secreted C1q-TNF-related protein-9 (CTRP9) might act as endothelial derived protein to modulate heart remodeling in response to pressure overload. OBJECTIVE: To examine the source of cardiac CTRP9 and its function during pressure overload. METHODS AND RESULTS: CTRP9 was mainly derived from myocardial capillary endothelial cells...
November 7, 2016: Circulation Research
Sanxing Bai, Liang Cheng, Yang Yang, Chongxi Fan, Dajun Zhao, Zhigang Qin, Xiao Feng, Lin Zhao, Jipeng Ma, Xiaowu Wang, Jian Yang, Xuezeng Xu, Dinghua Yi, Wei Yi
As a newly identified adiponectin paralog, C1q/TNF-related protein 9 (CTRP9) reduces myocardial ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury through partially understood mechanisms. In the present study, we sought to identify the role of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) in CTRP9 induced cardioprotection in diabetic heart. Isolated hearts from high-fat-diet (HFD) induced type 2 diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to ex vivo IR protocol via a Langendorff apparatus at the presence of globular CTRP9. CTRP9 significantly improved post-IR heart function and reduced cardiac infarction, cardiomyocytes apoptosis, Caspase-3, Caspase-9, Caspase-12, TNF-α expression, and lactate dehydrogenase activity...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Liyong Chen, Fenfang Wu, Shengjian Yuan, Bo Feng
C1q is the target recognition protein of the classical complement pathway and a major connecting link between innate and acquired immunity. C1q and the multifunctional tumor necrosis factor (TNF) ligand family is of similar crystal structures, are designated the C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRPs) superfamily. They are involved in processes as diverse as host defense, inflammation, apoptosis, autoimmunity, cell differentiation, organogenesis, hibernation and insulinresistant obesity. In this study, three members of the CTRPs superfamily were isolated and characterized in Yalu River lampreys (Eudontomyzon morii), and are respectively named LaC1qC, LaCTRP1, LaCTRP9...
December 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Yang Yang, Yue Li, Zhiqiang Ma, Shuai Jiang, Chongxi Fan, Wei Hu, Dongjin Wang, Shouyin Di, Yang Sun, Wei Yi
Adipose tissue is now known to express and secrete numerous adipokines that not only regulate lipid metabolism but also function in a wide array of physiological or pathological processes. C1q tumor necrosis factor-related protein 3 (CTRP3, also known as CORS26/cartducin) and CTRP9, novel members of the adipokine family, have intersecting functions in the regulation of lipid metabolism and contribute to cardiovascular protection. Here, we focus on the novel advances concerning the roles of CTRP3 and CTRP9 in these processes and review the general mechanisms...
October 2016: Progress in Lipid Research
Liang Cheng, Bin Li, Xu Chen, Jie Su, Hongbing Wang, Shiqiang Yu, Qijun Zheng
Vascular lesions caused by endothelial dysfunction are the most common and serious complication of diabetes. The vasoactive potency of CTRP9 has been reported in our previous study via nitric oxide (NO) production. However, the effect of CTRP9 on vascular endothelial cells remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the protection role of CTRP9 in the primary aortic vascular endothelial cells and HAECs under high-glucose condition. We found that the aortic vascular endothelial cells isolated from mice fed with a high fat diet generated more ROS production than normal cells, along with decreased mitochondrial biogenesis, which was also found in HAECs treated with high glucose...
September 2, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Peng Zhang, Chengmin Huang, Jun Li, Tingting Li, Haipeng Guo, Tianjiao Liu, Na Li, Qing Zhu, Yuan Guo
C1q-TNF-related protein-9 (CTRP9) is increasingly recognized as a promising cardioprotective adipocytokine, which regulates biological processes like vascular relaxation, proliferation, apoptosis, and inflammation. We recently showed that CTRP9 enhanced carotid plaque stability by reducing pro-inflammatory cytokines in macrophages. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of CTRP9 on anti-inflammatory response in macrophages still remains unclear. We demonstrated that globular CTRP9 (gCTRP9) significantly reduced oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced tumor necrosis factor alpha and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 expression by suppressing nuclear factor-κB phosphorylation and nuclear translocation in RAW 264...
June 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Neda Forouhi, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Mahmoud Djalali, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Nava Morshedzadeh, Fateme Zabetian-Targhi, Maryam Mahmoudi
AIMS: To compare CTRP9 levels in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and without PCOS. Furthermore, to determine the correlation between serum CTRP9 levels and some variety of anthropometric and biochemical parameters. METHODS: The study included 29 PCOS patients and 27 healthy volunteers of the same age and BMI. Body weight, height and waist circumference were assessed. Blood samples were taken for assessment of serum CTRP9 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique...
April 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Risa M Wolf, Kimberley E Steele, Leigh A Peterson, Xiange Zeng, Andrew E Jaffe, Michael A Schweitzer, Thomas H Magnuson, G William Wong
CONTEXT: C1q/TNF-related protein-9 (CTRP9) is a novel adipokine that has beneficial metabolic and cardiovascular effects in various animal models. Alterations in circulating CTRP9 have also been observed in patients with cardiovascular disease and diabetes, but little is known about the impact of obesity and bariatric surgery on CTRP9 concentrations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare CTRP9 levels in obese and lean subjects and to determine whether circulating CTRP9 levels in morbidly obese patients are altered by bariatric surgery...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Yongxin Li, Xigang Geng, Haichen Wang, Gesheng Cheng, Suochun Xu
Endothelial dysfunction and inflammation are believed to be 2 primary instigators of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH). C1q/TNF-related protein 9 (CTRP9) plays important roles in anti-inflammation and improvement of epithelial function. However, the role of CTRP9 in the progression of PH remains still unclear. In this study, the role and mechanism of CTRP9 in the PH progression were explored. First, serum CTRP9 contents and CTRP9 mRNA expression in the pulmonary artery epithelial cells from patients with PH were detected...
May 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Wenqing Wang, Wayne Bond Lau, Yajing Wang, Xinliang Ma, Rong Li
Platelet hyper-reactivity is a crucial cause of accelerated atherosclerosis increasing risk of thrombotic vascular events in diabetic patients. The mechanisms leading to abnormal platelet activity during diabetes are complex and not fully defined. The current study attempted to clarify the role of CTRP9, a novel adiponectin paralog, in enhanced platelet activity and determined whether CTRP9 may inhibit platelet activity. Adult male C57BL/6 J mice were randomized to receive high-fat diet (HFD) or normal diet (ND)...
January 11, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
T Fujita, H Watanabe, Y Murata, S Hemmi, M Yabuki, Y Fuke, A Satomura, M Soma
Adipocytokines are associated with the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). We analysed the relationship between levels of the plasma C1q/tumor necrosis factor- related protein 9 (CTRP9) and other adipocytokines or the endothelial function in patients with T2DM, and analyzed their trending manner. CTRP9 was detected in plasma from 14 out of a total of 28 patients. The values were not normally distributed. In comparing between groups in which CTRP9 was or was not detected, there were statistically significant differences in the high molecular weight adiponectin (HAN) and the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR)...
December 3, 2015: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Chang Hee Jung, Min Jung Lee, Yu Mi Kang, Yoo La Lee, So Mi Seol, Hae Kyeong Yoon, Sang-Wook Kang, Woo Je Lee, Joong-Yeol Park
Although recent studies have reported cardioprotective effects of C1q/TNF-related protein 9 (CTRP9), the closet adiponectin paralog, its role on cytokine-induced endothelial inflammation is unknown. We investigated whether CTRP9 prevented inflammatory cytokine-induced nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) activation and inhibited the expression of adhesion molecules and a chemokine in the vascular endothelial cell. We used human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) to examine the effects of CTRP9 on NF-κB activation and the expression of NF-κB-mediated genes, including intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)...
January 5, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Jing Wang, Tao Hang, Xun-Min Cheng, De-Min Li, Qi-Gao Zhang, Li-Jun Wang, Yong-Ping Peng, Jian-Bin Gong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of CTRP9 with coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS: Coronary angiography confirmed CAD in 241 patients (62 received CABG) and non-CAD in 121 (55 received valve replacement). RESULTS: Serum levels of LDL-C, CRP, TNF-α, IL-6, and leptin in CAD patients were significantly higher than those in non-CAD patients (P < 0.05), but APN and CTRP9 were lower (P < 0.05). Serum levels of CTRP9 and APN were negatively related to BMI, HOMA-IR, TNF-α, IL-6, and leptin but positively to HDL-C (P < 0...
2015: BioMed Research International
Tae Woo Jung, Ho Cheol Hong, Hwan-Jin Hwang, Hye Jin Yoo, Sei Hyun Baik, Kyung Mook Choi
C1q/TNF-Related Protein (CTRP) 9, the closest paralog of adiponectin, has been reported to protect against diet-induced obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the underlying mechanism has not been fully elucidated. We explored the protective effect of CTRP9 against hepatic steatosis and apoptosis, and identified the mechanisms through autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress using in vitro and in vivo experiments. Treating HepG2 cells with human recombinant CTRP9 significantly ameliorated palmitate- or tunicamycin-induced dysregulation of lipid metabolism, caspase 3 activity and chromatin condensation, which lead to reduction of hepatic triglyceride (TG) accumulation...
December 5, 2015: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Takahiro Kambara, Rei Shibata, Koji Ohashi, Kazuhiro Matsuo, Mizuho Hiramatsu-Ito, Takashi Enomoto, Daisuke Yuasa, Masanori Ito, Satoko Hayakawa, Hayato Ogawa, Tamar Aprahamian, Kenneth Walsh, Toyoaki Murohara, Noriyuki Ouchi
Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein 9 (CTRP9) is an adipokine that is downregulated by obesity. We investigated the role of CTRP9 in cardiac injury with loss-of-function genetic manipulations and defined the receptor-mediated signaling pathway downstream of this adipokine. CTRP9-knockout (CTRP9-KO) mice at the age of 12 weeks were indistinguishable from wild-type (WT) mice under basal conditions. CTRP9-KO mice had exacerbated contractile left ventricle dysfunction following intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) compared to WT mice...
June 2015: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Yuexing Yuan, Wayne Bond Lau, Hui Su, Yang Sun, Wei Yi, Yunhui Du, Theodore Christopher, Bernard Lopez, Yajing Wang, Xin-Liang Ma
Prevalence and severity of postmyocardial infarction heart failure continually escalate in type 2 diabetes via incompletely understood mechanisms. The discovery of the cardiac secretomes, collectively known as "cardiokines", has significantly enhanced appreciation of the local microenvironment's influence on disease development. Recent studies demonstrated that C1q-TNF-related protein-9 (CTRP9), a newly discovered adiponectin (APN) paralog, is highly expressed in the heart. However, its relationship with APN (concerning diabetic cardiovascular injury in particular) remains unknown...
May 15, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"