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Endoscopic sinus surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134165/an-innovate-robotic-endoscope-guidance-system-for-transnasal-sinus-and-skull-base-surgery-proof-of-concept
#1
D T Friedrich, F Sommer, M O Scheithauer, J Greve, T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler
Objective  Advanced transnasal sinus and skull base surgery remains a challenging discipline for head and neck surgeons. Restricted access and space for instrumentation can impede advanced interventions. Thus, we present the combination of an innovative robotic endoscope guidance system and a specific endoscope with adjustable viewing angle to facilitate transnasal surgery in a human cadaver model. Materials and Methods  The applicability of the robotic endoscope guidance system with custom foot pedal controller was tested for advanced transnasal surgery on a fresh frozen human cadaver head...
December 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130568/flexible-next-generation-robotic-surgical-system-for-transoral-endoscopic-hypopharyngectomy-a-comparative-preclinical-study
#2
Ichiro Tateya, Yoon Woo Koh, Raymond K Tsang, Steven S Hong, Ryuji Uozumi, Yo Kishimoto, Taro Sugimoto, F Christopher Holsinger
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cadaveric study was to determine the efficacy of a flexible, next-generation robotic surgical system for transoral robotic hypopharyngectomy. METHODS: A comparative evaluation study of the flexible versus rigid robotic surgical systems for the hypopharynx was conducted using 3 cadavers. Endpoints for assessment were visualization of the hypopharynx, access to the hypopharynx, and difficulty of dissection. Hypopharyngectomy was performed on 3 other cadavers using the da Vinci Sp surgical system...
November 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125446/suprasellar-and-recurrent-pediatric-craniopharyngiomas-expanding-indications-for-the-extended-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-approach
#3
Andrew F Alalade, Elizabeth Ogando-Rivas, Jerome Boatey, Mark M Souweidane, Vijay K Anand, Jeffrey P Greenfield, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE The expanded endonasal endoscopic transsphenoidal approach has become increasingly used for craniopharyngioma surgery in the pediatric population, but questions still persist regarding its utility in younger children, in recurrent and irradiated tumors, and in masses primarily located in the suprasellar region. The narrow corridor, incomplete pneumatization, and fear of hypothalamic injury have traditionally relegated this approach to application in older children with mostly cystic craniopharyngiomas centered in the sella...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122085/influence-of-chitosan-based-dressing-on-prevention-of-synechia-and-wound-healing-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#4
Jie Liu, Quan Zeng, Xia Ke, Yucheng Yang, Guohua Hu, Xuan Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has had many complications, e.g., synechia formation. This meta-analysis investigated the effect of a novel chitosan-based dressing on prevention of synechia and wound healing after ESS. METHODS: We systematically searched various medical literature data bases and included the randomized controlled trials (RCT) regarding the effect of novel chitosan-based dressing on ESS. The study outcomes included synechia, granulations, hemostasis, crusting scores, and infection...
November 4, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122083/biocompatibility-and-pharmacokinetics-of-fluticasone-eluting-sinus-implant-in-a-rabbit-model
#5
Vishal S Patel, Evan Walgama, Alkis Psaltis, Francois Lavigne, Steven D Pletcher, Peter H Hwang
BACKGROUND: A novel, bioabsorbable, fibrinogen-based implant has been developed as a mucosal dressing after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). This implant can be formulated with fluticasone propionate (FP) for local elution of corticosteroid to reduce postoperative inflammation and promote mucosal healing. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the biocompatibility and pharmacokinetics of the implant in a rabbit model. METHODS: Implants with and without FP were placed on both intact and demucosalized maxillary sinuses of 33 New Zealand White rabbits...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122081/gender-specific-differences-in-serum-immunoglobulin-e-levels-and-prevalence-of-fungus-in-sinonasal-tissue-noted-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-who-underwent-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#6
Antoine Azar, Matthew A Rank, Matthew A Zarka, Yu-Hui Chang, Devyani Lal
BACKGROUND: We previously presented that women with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) who elected endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) have a higher symptom burden than men. Causes of these gender-based differences warranted further study. OBJECTIVES: To study gender differences in another cohort of adult patients with CRS who underwent ESS and to compare key histopathologic and serologic features Methods: Patients with CRS who underwent ESS (from 2011 to 2014) with structured histopathology reports on surgical samples were studied...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114894/lack-of-long-term-add-on-effect-by-montelukast-in-postoperative-chronic-rhinosinusitis-patients-with-nasal-polyps
#7
Laura Van Gerven, Cristobal Langdon, Arturo Cordero, Sara Cardelús, Joaquim Mullol, Isam Alobid
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Eosinophils and mast cells are among the key cells in inflammatory diseases like chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and asthma. Leukotriene antagonists have proven to be effective in the treatment of asthma, but data about their efficacy in CRS are scarce, whereas data on montelukast as an add-on treatment to intranasal corticosteroids (INCS) in a postoperative setting are completely lacking. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, open-label trial...
November 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105367/early-experience-with-a-patient-specific-virtual-surgical-simulation-for-rehearsal-of-endoscopic-skull-base-surgery
#8
Tae-Bin Won, Peter Hwang, Jae Hyun Lim, Sung-Woo Cho, Sun Ha Paek, Steven Losorelli, Yona Vaisbuch, Sonny Chan, Kenneth Salisbury, Nikolas H Blevins
BACKGROUND: With the help of contemporary computer technology it is possible to create a virtual surgical environment (VSE) for training. This article describes a patient-specific virtual rhinologic surgical simulation platform that supports rehearsal of endoscopic skull-base surgery. We also share our early experience with select cases. METHODS: A rhinologic VSE was developed, featuring a highly efficient direct 3-dimensional (3D) volume renderer with simultaneous stereoscopic feedback during surgical manipulation of the virtual anatomy, as well as high-fidelity haptic feedback...
November 3, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105347/outcomes-after-complete-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-and-aspirin-desensitization-in-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease
#9
Nithin D Adappa, Viran J Ranasinghe, Michal Trope, Steven G Brooks, Jordan T Glicksman, Arjun K Parasher, James N Palmer, John V Bosso
BACKGROUND: In this study we assessed patient outcomes after complete endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and aspirin desensitization for patients with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for patients with aspirin challenge-proven AERD who underwent complete ESS followed by aspirin desensitization. Outcomes assessed included need for revision surgery and quality-of-life measures using the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcomes Test (SNOT-22)...
November 3, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104660/target-controlled-infusion-of-propofol-and-remifentanil-combined-with-dexmedetomidine-reduces-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-bleeding
#10
Deng-Feng Ding, Li-Fang Wu, Ping Wang, Yuan-Xu Jiang, Yao-Wen Luo, Zhong-Liang Dai, Xue-Ping Zhang, Ya-Li Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of target-controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol and remifentanil combined with dexmedetomidine on functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) bleeding and surgical field. 62 patients scheduled to undergo FESS were randomly divided into experimental group (intravenous 0.5 µg kg(-1) h(-1) dexmedetomidine after 0.5 µg kg(-1) bolus within 15 min until the end of surgery) or control group (intravenous saline administration at the same dose). All patients underwent endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia with TCI of propofol and remifentanil for anesthesia induction and maintenance...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099731/update-on-pediatric-sinus-surgery-indications-and-outcomes
#11
David A Gudis, Zachary M Soler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature of pediatric endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). RECENT FINDINGS: Sinus balloon catheter dilation is an important addition to the surgical treatment tools for pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS). ESS is a safe and effective therapeutic modality for uncomplicated PCRS. For PCRS complicated by comorbidities including cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia, ESS and adjuvant medical therapy confers significant sinus, pulmonary, and quality of life benefits to pediatric patients...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098299/safety-and-effectiveness-of-a-bioabsorbable-steroid-releasing-implant-for-the-paranasal-sinus-ostia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Amber Luong, Randall A Ow, Ameet Singh, Robert L Weiss, Joseph K Han, Roland Gerencer, J Pablo Stolovitzky, James W Stambaugh, Aarthi Raman
Importance: Suboptimal outcomes of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) are often associated with restenosis and inflammation of frontal sinus ostia. Steroid-releasing sinus implants have been shown to maintain sinus patency by minimizing inflammation and scar tissue formation. An hourglass-shaped, bioabsorbable, steroid-releasing implant was developed to provide mechanical support and optimize drug delivery to paranasal sinus ostia. Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of the hourglass-shaped, bioabsorbable, steroid-releasing sinus implant in improving postoperative outcomes when placed in the frontal sinus ostia (FSO) following ESS in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)...
November 2, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095709/the-role-of-frontal-sinus-drillouts-in-nasal-polyposis
#13
Carolyn A Orgain, Richard J Harvey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Historically, the common frontal sinusotomy has been reserved only for salvage frontal sinus surgery in patients with severely recalcitrant inflammatory sinus disease. By understanding the pathophysiology of inflammatory sinus disease and the long-term role of topical medication in their treatment, the indications for Draf3 have expanded. RECENT FINDINGS: A major therapeutic impact from endoscopic sinus surgery for inflammatory sinus disease is imparted by allowing sinus access to topical therapies to work...
October 31, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094889/chronic-rhinosinusitis
#14
Ahmad R Sedaghat
Chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses that occurs in 1% to 5% of the U.S. POPULATION: It may significantly decrease quality of life. Chronic rhinosinusitis is defined by the presence of at least two out of four cardinal symptoms (i.e., facial pain/pressure, hyposmia/anosmia, nasal drainage, and nasal obstruction) for at least 12 consecutive weeks, in addition to objective evidence. Objective evidence of chronic rhinosinusitis may be obtained on physical examination (anterior rhinoscopy, endoscopy) or radiography, preferably from sinus computed tomography...
October 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090202/reconstruction-of-large-orbital-floor-defect-caused-by-maxillary-sinus-mucocele
#15
Seung Bum Pyo, Jin Kyung Song, Hong Sil Ju, Seong Yoon Lim
Maxillary sinus mucocele can occur due to many medical factors such as chronic infection, allergic sinonasal disease, trauma, and previous surgery. However, it occurs mainly after Caldwell-Luc operation, usually more than 10 years after surgery. There are a few cases of maxillary sinus mucocele with ocular symptoms. Also, a case causing ocular symptoms because of invasion to the orbital floor is rare. Therefore, we report a case of a 55-year-old male patient who underwent Caldwell-Luc operation about 30 years ago...
September 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083530/efficacy-of-nasal-irrigation-with-200-%C3%AE-g-ml-amphotericin-b-after-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-study
#16
Rong-San Jiang, Chih-Wen Twu, Kai-Li Liang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown controversial results of topical amphotericin B (AMB) nasal irrigation for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 200 μg/mL AMB nasal irrigation as an adjuvant therapy after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). METHODS: Patients with CRS who had received FESS for treatment were recruited and assigned to 1 of 2 groups at random at 1 month postsurgery. In the AMB group patients received nasal irrigation with 200 μg/mL of AMB for 2 months on a daily basis...
October 30, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083529/evaluation-of-patient-nasal-saline-irrigation-practices-following-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#17
Frederick Yoo, Elisabeth H Ference, Edward C Kuan, Jivianne T Lee, Marilene B Wang, Jeffrey D Suh
BACKGROUND: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is an effective treatment for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Postoperative management strategies after FESS often vary from surgeon to surgeon. Recent data suggests that nasal saline irrigation following FESS is almost universally recommended; however, patient adherence has not been formally evaluated. The purpose of this study is to evaluate postoperative nasal irrigation practices and its effects on short-term outcomes in post-FESS patients...
October 30, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081621/penetration-of-bromelain-in-serum-and-rhinosinusal-mucosa-in-patients-undergoing-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#18
Desiderio Passali, Luisa Maria Bellussi, Codrut Sarafoleanu, Michele Loglisci, Claudiu Manea, Cristina Iosif, Francesco Maria Passali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076987/the-effects-of-melittin-and-apamin-on-airborne-fungi-induced-chemical-mediator-and-extracellular-matrix-production-from-nasal-polyp-fibroblasts
#19
Seung-Heon Shin, Mi-Kyung Ye, Sung-Yong Choi, Kwan-Kyu Park
Melittin and apamin are the main components of bee venom and they have been known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of melittin and apamin on airborne fungi-induced chemical mediator and extracellular matrix (ECM) production in nasal fibroblasts. Primary nasal fibroblasts were isolated from nasal polyps, which were collected during endoscopic sinus surgery. Nasal fibroblasts were treated with Alternaria and Aspergillus. The effects of melittin and apamin on the production of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 were determined with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay...
October 27, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070268/evaluation-of-a-new-and-simple-classification-for-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#20
Kengo Kanai, Mitsuhiro Okano, Takenori Haruna, Takaya Higaki, Ryotaro Omichi, Sei-Ichiro Makihara, Munechika Tsumura, Shin Kariya, Yuji Hirata, Kazunori Nishizaki
OBJECTIVE: In 2013, the Japanese Rhinologic Society proposed a simple classification for endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). This classification consists of five procedures (type I, fenestration of the ostiomeatal complex, with uncinectomy and widening of the natural ostium; type II, single-sinus procedure, with manipulating the inside of the sinus; type III, polysinus procedure; type IV, pansinus procedure; type V, extended procedure beyond the sinus wall). The clinical relevance of this classification in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and paranasal sinus cyst was evaluated...
October 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
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