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J Ni, Q Z Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Zhao-Fei Zhang, He Huang, Shuai Chen, Dong-Hua Liu, Yong-Hui Feng, Chun-Liang Xie, Feng Jiao
BACKGROUND: High-viscosity cement (HVC) has been gradually applied in percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP). Although HVC has been reported to reduce cement leakage, different opinions exist. To assess the complications of HVC in cement leakage in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures and to evaluate the clinical effect of HVC compared with low-viscosity cement (LVC). METHODS: EMBASE, PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library databases were comprehensively searched from their inception to August 2017...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Pradipta Ray, Andrew Torck, Lilyana Quigley, Andi Wangzhou, Matthew Neiman, Chandranshu Rao, Tiffany Lam, Ji-Young Kim, Tae Hoon Kim, Michael Q Zhang, Gregory Dussor, Theodore J Price
Molecular neurobiological insight into human nervous tissues is needed to generate next generation therapeutics for neurological disorders like chronic pain. We obtained human Dorsal Root Ganglia (DRG) samples from organ donors and performed RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) to study the human DRG (hDRG) transcriptional landscape, systematically comparing it with publicly available data from a variety of human and orthologous mouse tissues, including mouse DRG (mDRG). We characterized the hDRG transcriptional profile in terms of tissue-restricted gene co-expression patterns and putative transcriptional regulators, and formulated an information-theoretic framework to quantify DRG enrichment...
March 20, 2018: Pain
Christina Ralph-Nearman, Ruth Filik
The aim of the current study was to develop, test, and retest two new male body dissatisfaction scales: The Male Body Scale (MBS; consisting of emaciated to obese figures) and the Male Fit Body Scale (MFBS; consisting of emaciated to muscular figures). These scales were compared to the two most commonly used visually based indices of body dissatisfaction (Stunkard Figure Rating Scale, SFRS; and Somatomorphic Matrix, SM). Male participants rated which body figure on each scale most represented their current figure, then their ideal figure, and then rated which one of the three scales (MBS, MFBS, and SFRS) best represented their current and ideal body overall...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Jenny Q Zhang, Sean B Herman, Oren M Tepper, Evan S Garfein, Katie E Weichman
BACKGROUND: Determinants of residency program reputation are multifactorial and include operative training, academic productivity, and geographic location. However, little is known about these relationships. This study aims to investigate the correlation between academic reputation of integrated plastic surgery programs and the research productivity of their respective full time faculty members. METHODS: Program rankings were identified from the 2016 Doximity standings and divided into 4 quartiles (Q1-Q4)...
March 16, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Karuna D Sagili, Srinath Satyanarayana, Sarabjit S Chadha, Nevin C Wilson, Ajay M V Kumar, Patrick K Moonan, John E Oeltmann, Vineet K Chadha, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Smita Ghosh, Terrence Q Lo, Tyson Volkmann, Matthew Willis, Kalpita Shringarpure, Ravichandra Chinnappa Reddy, Prahlad Kumar, Sreenivas A Nair, Raghuram Rao, Mohammed Yassin, Perry Mwangala, Rony Zachariah, Jamhoih Tonsing, Anthony D Harries, Sunil Khaparde
BACKGROUND: The Global Fund encourages operational research (OR) in all its grants; however very few reports describe this aspect. In India, Project Axshya was supported by a Global Fund grant to improve the reach and visibility of the government Tuberculosis (TB) services among marginalised and vulnerable communities. OR was incorporated to build research capacity of professionals working with the national TB programme and to generate evidence to inform policies and practices. OBJECTIVES: To describe how Project Axshya facilitated building OR capacity within the country, helped in addressing several TB control priority research questions, documented project activities and their outcomes, and influenced policy and practice...
2018: Global Health Action
Colleen J Hernan, Tai A Collins, Julie Q Morrison, Stephen D Kroeger
As the capabilities of portable technology continue to advance and become more accessible, educators express concern about the impact of the inappropriate use of mobile devices on academic engagement and learning. An alternating treatments design was used to compare the effectiveness of an antecedent (Clear Box) intervention and an interdependent group contingency (Clear Box + Good Behavior Game [GBG]) intervention to typical classroom management techniques (Control) in increasing the academic engagement and decreasing mobile device use of high school students during instruction...
March 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
Ting-Bo Chen, Yi-Han Zuo, Geng-Ting Dong, Liang Liu, Hua Zhou
BACKGROUND: Guanxin Kangtai preparation (GXKT), consisting of Panax ginseng, Panax notoginseng and Ilex pubescens, is a new proprietary Chinese medicines under development for treating coronary heart disease. Like other Chinese medicines, the components of GXKT were complex and the bioactive compounds remained unclear. PURPOSE: To discover bioactive compounds as quality markers (Q-markers) for better quality control of GXKT. STUDY DESIGN: Chinese medicines was separated into fractions...
March 6, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Tiejun Zhang, Gang Bai, Yanqi Han, Jun Xu, Suxiao Gong, Yazhuo Li, Hongbing Zhang, Changxiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Quality of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) plays a critical role in industry of TCM. Rapid development of TCM pharmaceutical areas is, however, greatly limited, since there are many issues not been resolved, concerning the quality study of TCM. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: Core concept of TCM quality as well as the characteristics of TCM was discussed, in order to guide the quality research and evaluation of TCM, further improve the level of TCM quality control...
March 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
L J Peng, J Q Mi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Anne-Laure Faucon, Jean-Luc Mainardi, Oana Zamfir, Hervé Gorka, Patrick Bruneval, André Pruna
Acute limb ischemia related to Coxiella burnetii endocarditis is rare. We report an original case of a 68-year-old man hospitalized for recurrent acute left limb ischemia in a context of atrial flutter, which revealed C. burnetii endocarditis. This case illustrates that even if embolic events are uncommon, septic embolisms must be systematically searched for in case of C. burnetii endocarditis. Conversely, extensive etiologic explorations must be performed in case of systemic embolism. New molecular techniques represent a major step forward in infective endocarditis diagnosis...
February 16, 2018: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
Qiyu Lu, Yi Sun, Yuyin Duan, Bin Li, Jianming Xia, Songhua Yu, Guimin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Valvular heart disease is a leading cause of cardiovascular mortality, especially in China. More than a half of valvular heart diseases are caused by acute rheumatic fever. microRNA is involved in many physiological and pathological processes. However, the miRNA profile of the rheumatic valvular heart disease is unknown. This research is to discuss microRNAs and their target gene pathways involved in rheumatic heart valve disease. METHODS: Serum miRNA from one healthy individual and four rheumatic heart disease patients were sequenced...
March 16, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Wei Li, Navaneethakrishnan Polachi, Xiangyang Wang, Yang Chu, Yuan Wang, Meng Tian, Dekun Li, Dazheng Zhou, Shuiping Zhou, Aichun Ju, Yubo Li, Yanjun Zhang, Min Chen, Luqi Huang, Changxiao Liu
BACKGROUND: The quality of Chinese medicine (CM) has being an active and challenging research area for CM. Prof. Chang-Xiao Liu et al first proposed the concept of quality marker (Q-Marker) for the quality evaluation and control on CM. This article describe the exploratory studies of Q-Marker in salvianolic acids for injection (SAI) based on this new concept. PURPOSE: This study was designed to screen Q-Marker of SAI and establish its quality control method based on the concept of CM Q-Marker...
February 10, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Morgan Lawley, Jessica W Wu, Victor M Navas-López, Hien Q Huynh, Matthew W Carroll, Min Chen, Pavel Medvedev, Andrew S Day, Séamus Hussey, Rotem Sigall-Boneh, Arie Levine, Eytan Wine
OBJECTIVES: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is an effective induction treatment for pediatric Crohn disease. Given the center-based variation in use and diversity in practice we constructed a survey aimed at sharing experience and strategies in administering EEN, stimulating further research, and optimizing therapy. METHODS: This survey was constructed after consultation with experts and designed to address key knowledge gaps. The survey was disseminated through the Paediatric IBD Porto Group of ESPGHAN, Canadian Children IBD Network, selective experts, and was sent twice through the PEDGI-BB...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
V A Shaimova, T B Shaimov, R B Shaimov, A Yu Galin, Zh A Goloshchapova, P K Ryzhkov, A V Fomin
PURPOSE: To develop methods for evaluating effectiveness of YAG-laser vitreolysis of vitreous floaters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 144 patients (173 eyes) who had underwent YAG-laser vitreolysis and were under observation from 01.09.16 to 31.01.18. The patients were 34 to 86 years old (mean age 62.7±10.2 years), 28 (19.4%) patients were male, 116 (80.6%) - female. All patients underwent standard and additional examination: ultrasonography (Accutome B-scan plus, U...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Fenhong Song, Dapeng Ju, Fangwei Gu, Yan Liu, Yuan Ji, Yulin Ren, Xiaocong He, Baoyong Sha, Ben Q Li, Qingzhen Yang
Electric field induced micro/nano patterns in thin polymer film, sometimes referred as electrohydrodynamic patterning, is a promising technique to fabricate micro/nano structures. Extensive attentions have been attracted due to its advantages in micro contact (easy demolding) and low cost. Although considerable work has been done on this technique, including both experimental and theoretical ones, there still appears a requirement for understanding the mechanism of electrohydrodynamic patterning. Thus we systematically studied the effect of different parameters on electrohydrodynamic patterning with a numerical phase field model...
March 15, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Bao C Q Truong, Anthony J Fitzgerald, Shuting Fan, Vincent P Wallace
Terahertz imaging has been previously shown to be capable of distinguishing normal breast tissue from its cancerous form, indicating its applicability to breast conserving surgery. The heterogeneous composition of breast tissue is among the main challenges to progressing this potential research towards a practical application. In this paper, two concentration analysis methods are proposed for analyzing phantoms mimicking breast tissue. The dielectric properties and the double Debye parameters were used to determine the phantom composition...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Jonathan S Howard, Cherilyn N McLester, Thomas W Evans, John R McLester, Jimmy P Calloway
The PhysioFlow™ is a piece of equipment that uses bioimpedance cardiography to measure central hemodynamics. The purpose of this research was to explore the novel approach of monitoring central hemodynamics during free weight resistance exercise using bioimpedance cardiography throughout a 5 repetition maximum (5RM). Thirty participants ranging from beginner to advanced lifters (16 males and 14 females) completed a 5RM for back squat, seated push press, and bicep curl while connected to the PhysioFlow™ to assess the response of heart rate (HR), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (Q), and ejection fraction (EF)...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Pengfei Wang, Haiyan Zhao, Xianfan Wang, Gerald Farrell, Gilberto Brambilla
In recent years, tapered optical fibers (TOFs) have attracted increasing interest and developed into a range of devices used in many practical applications ranging from optical communication, sensing to optical manipulation and high-Q resonators. Compared with conventional optical fibers, TOFs possess a range of unique features, such as large evanescent field, strong optical confinement, mechanical flexibility and compactness. In this review, we critically summarize the multimode interference in TOFs and some of its applications with a focus on our research project undertaken at the Optoelectronics Research Centre of the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom...
March 14, 2018: Sensors
J Hou, W Jiang, L Zhu, S Zhong, H Zhang, J Li, S Zhou, S Yang, Y He, D Wang, X Chen, F Deng, Q Zhang, J Wang, J Hu, W Zhang, L Ding, J Zhao, J Tang
Circular RNAs (CircRNAs) are a type of non-coding RNAs (NcRNAs) with a closed annular structure. Until next-generation sequencing (NGS) is developed, the misunderstanding of circRNAs 'splicing error' has changed, and the mysterious veil of circRNAs has been revealed. NGS provides an approach to investigate circRNAs. Many scholars point out that circRNAs may play an important role in many diseases, especially cancer. At the same time, exosomes, as a kind of extracellular vesicles loaded with many contents, are a hotspot in recent years...
March 13, 2018: Clinical & Translational Oncology
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