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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343018/-research-progress-of-exosomes-in-lung-diseases
#1
D C Gong, Y F Zhang, H Q Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342863/validation-of-a-rapid-method-to-assess-habitual-beverage-intake-patterns
#2
Valisa E Hedrick, Emily A Myers, Jamie M Zoellner, Kiyah J Duffey, Brenda M Davy
The Healthy Beverage Index (HBI) is an emerging approach to assess beverage pattern quality. HBI total scores range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating greater adherence to proposed beverage recommendations. However, assessing patterns is resource-intensive due to the need for extensive dietary data, typically 24-h dietary records or recalls. The BEVQ-15, a beverage intake questionnaire, may be used as an alternative method to rapidly measure HBI scores. The objective of this cross-sectional investigation is to assess the comparative validity of the HBI-Q, a method to rapidly assess HBI scores via the BEVQ-15, as compared to the traditional method of deriving HBI scores via dietary recalls/records...
January 13, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341852/emissions-of-organic-compounds-from-produced-water-ponds-ii-evaluation-of-flux-chamber-measurements-with-inverse-modeling-techniques
#3
Huy N Q Tran, Seth N Lyman, Marc L Mansfield, Trevor O'Neil, Richard L Bowers, Ann P Smith, Cara Keslar
In this study, we apply two different dispersion models to evaluate flux chamber measurements of emissions of 58 organic compounds, including C2-C11 hydrocarbons and methanol, ethanol, and isopropanol from oil and gas produced water ponds in the Uintah Basin. Field measurement campaigns using the flux chamber technique were performed at a limited number of produced water ponds in the Basin throughout 2013-2016. Inverse modeling results showed significantly higher emissions than were measured by the flux chamber...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340704/delayed-conception-in-women-with-low-urinary-iodine-concentrations-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#4
J L Mills, G M Buck Louis, K Kannan, J Weck, Y Wan, J Maisog, A Giannakou, Q Wu, R Sundaram
STUDY QUESTION: Is iodine deficiency associated with decreased fecundability? SUMMARY ANSWER: Moderate to severe iodine deficiency is associated with a 46% decrease in fecundability. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Iodine deficiency is common in women of childbearing age but its effect on fecundability has not been investigated. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The LIFE Study, a population-based prospective cohort study, enrolled 501 women who had discontinued contraception within 2 months to become pregnant between 2005 and 2009...
January 11, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338876/meeting-report-global-vaccine-and-immunization-research-forum
#5
Andrew Q Ford, Nancy Touchette, B Fenton Hall, Angela Hwang, Joachim Hombach
Building on the success of the first Global Vaccine and Immunization Research Forum (GVIRF), the World Health Organization, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health in the United States of America, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation convened the second GVIRF in March 2016. Leading scientists, vaccine developers, and public health officials from around the world discussed scientific advances and innovative technologies to design and deliver vaccines as well as novel tools and approaches to increase the uptake of vaccines throughout the world...
January 12, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337883/problematic-smartphone-use-investigating-contemporary-experiences-using-a-convergent-design
#6
Daria J Kuss, Lydia Harkin, Eiman Kanjo, Joel Billieux
Internet-enabled smartphones are increasingly ubiquitous in the Western world. Research suggests a number of problems can result from mobile phone overuse, including dependence, dangerous and prohibited use. For over a decade, this has been measured by the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (PMPU-Q). Given the rapid developments in mobile technologies, changes of use patterns and possible problematic and addictive use, the aim of the present study was to investigate and validate an updated contemporary version of the PMPU-Q (PMPU-Q-R)...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337662/studies-of-transgenic-mosquitoes-in-disease-endemic-countries-preparation-of-containment-facilities
#7
M Megan Quinlan, James Mutuku Mutunga, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Moussa Namountougou, Mamadou B Coulibaly, Lakamy Sylla, Jonathan Kayondo, Victor Balyesima, Lorna Clark, Mark Q Benedict, Peter Raymond
Novel approaches to area-wide control of vector species offer promise as additional tools in the fight against vectored diseases. Evaluation of transgenic insect strains aimed at field population control in disease-endemic countries may involve international partnerships and should be done in a stepwise approach, starting with studies in containment facilities. The preparations of both new-build and renovated facilities are described, including working with local and national regulations regarding land use, construction, and biosafety requirements, as well as international guidance to fill any gaps in regulation...
January 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337255/a-comparative-study-of-american-and-chinese-college-students-motives-for-food-choice
#8
Sharon M Pearcey, Ginny Q Zhan
Previous cross-cultural research has examined college students' food choice decisions in different countries. The current study aimed to add to the literature by examining similarities and differences in motives for food choice between American (N = 328) and Chinese (N = 333) college students. The Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) was used to measure the participants' motives for food choice. Students' perceptions on the importance of diet and on their body satisfaction were also obtained. Results show that, while there are many similarities between the two cultural groups on the FCQ items, there are also significant differences...
January 11, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337219/citrus-bioflavonoid-hesperetin-as-inhibitor-of-two-thrombin-like-snake-venom-serine-proteases-isolated-from-crotalus-simus
#9
Roney Vander Dos Santos, Fabian Villalta-Romero, Danijela Stanisic, Luiz Borro, Goran Neshich, Ljubica Tasic
Around 5.5 million people suffer from snakebites per year, with about 400,000 cases with some type of sequelae, such as amputation, and 20,000 to 125,000 cases with the fatal end. Usually, the victim outcome depends on correct, agile and many times in situ intervention based on the proper identification of the snake venom type and its potential effects, among other factors. Therefore, knowledge on the snake venom composition and a research on inhibitors of snake venom target components might ameliorate envenoming dangerous outcome...
January 11, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334713/-prevalence-and-influential-factors-of-stroke-in-jiangxi-province-in-2014
#10
W Zhou, B Zhang, X Huang, C J You, B M Zhan, R Q Yang, Y F Dong, J X Li, P Li, K Hong, Y Q Wu, Q H Wu, H Su, H H Bao, X S Cheng
Objective: To discuss the prevalence and influential factors of stroke among population in Jiangxi Province. Methods: Four cities in urban areas and four counties in rural areas were selected firstly, in which two districts or townships were selected; and then three communities or villages were chosen from each district and township, respectively, using the simple random sampling (SRS) method. Finally 15 269 subjects aging 15 years old or above, living in Jiangxi Province ≥6 months were randomly selected to participate in this survey from November 2013 to August 2014...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334240/new-method-for-estimating-arterial-pulse-wave-velocity-at-single-site
#11
Khaled Ben Abdessalem, Patrice Flaud, Samir Zobaidi
The clinical importance of measuring local pulse wave velocity (PWV), has encouraged researchers to develop several local methods to estimate it. In this work, we proposed a new method, the sum-of-squares method [Formula: see text], that allows the estimations of PWV by using simultaneous measurements of blood pressure (P) and arterial diameter (D) at single-location. Pulse waveforms generated by: (1) two-dimensional (2D) fluid-structure interaction simulation (FSI) in a compliant tube, (2) one-dimensional (1D) model of 55 larger human systemic arteries and (3) experimental data were used to validate the new formula and evaluate several classical methods...
January 15, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331744/urinary-metabolomics-study-the-mechanism-of-taohong-siwu-decoction-intervention-in-acute-blood-stasis-model-rats-based-on-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#12
Xiaosong Zhang, Pengling Li, Yongli Hua, Peng Ji, Wanling Yao, Qi Ma, Ziwen Yuan, Yanqiao Wen, Chaoxue Yang, Yanming Wei
Taohong Siwu Decoction (TSD) is a classic prescription in traditional Chinese medicine and is widely used to promote blood circulation to remove blood stasis. However, the effect mechanisms are not yet well understood. Here, a urinary metabolomic approach based on liquid chromatography coupled to quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/Q-TOF-MS) was conducted to explore the changes in the endogenous metabolites and to assess the integral efficacy of TSD on acute blood stasis model rats. Then, parameters for hemorheology and coagulation functions were detected...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331568/overall-survival-and-oncological-outcomes-after-partial-nephrectomy-and-radical-nephrectomy-for-ct2a-renal-tumors-a-collaborative-international-study-from-the-french-kidney-cancer-research-network-uroccr
#13
B Reix, J-C Bernhard, J-J Patard, P Bigot, A Villers, E Suer, N S Vuong, G Verhoest, Q Alimi, J-B Beauval, T Benoit, F-X Nouhaud, C Lenormand, N Hamidi, J Cai, M Eto, S Larre, A El Bakhri, G Ploussard, A Hung, N Koutlidis, A Schneider, J Carrouget, S Droupy, S Marchal, A Doerfler, S Seddik, T Matsugasumi, X Orsoni, A Descazeaud, C Pfister, K Bensalah, M Soulie, I Gill, V Flamand
BACKGROUND: Partial nephrectomy (PN) is recommended as first-line treatment for cT1 stage kidney tumors because of a better renal function and probably a better overall survival than radical nephrectomy (RN). For larger tumors, PN has a controversial position due to lack of evidence showing good cancer control. The aim of this study was to compare the results of PN and RN in cT2a stage on overall survival and oncological results. METHOD: A retrospective international multicenter study was conducted in the frame of the French kidney cancer research network (UroCCR)...
January 10, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330198/systematic-review-of-drowning-in-india-assessment-of-burden-and-risk
#14
Caroline Lukaszyk, Rebecca Q Ivers, Jagnoor Jagnoor
AIM: To examine the burden and risk factors for fatal and non-fatal drowning in India. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified through a systematic search of 19 electronic databases and 19 national and global, institutional, organisational and government sources of injury data. Search terms used pertained to drowning, injury, trauma, morbidity and mortality in India. RESULTS: A total of 16 research articles and five data sources were included in the review...
January 12, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328356/factor-structure-of-the-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adult-women-with-anorexia-nervosa
#15
Kathryn E Phillips, Karen M Jennings, Matthew Gregas
An exploratory factor analysis on the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is presented for a clinical sample of women with anorexia nervosa. THE EDE-Q was completed by 169 participants after admission to an inpatient unit for eating disorders. Results of the current study did not support the four-factor model presented by the EDE-Q. A new four-factor solution was obtained with two factors showing similarity to the Restraint and Eating Concern subscales of the original model. The Shape and Weight Concern items primarily loaded together on one factor, along with preoccupation with food and fear of losing control over eating, two Eating Concern items...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325422/outcomes-in-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flap-and-implant-based-reconstruction-does-age-really-matter
#16
Lauren V Kuykendall, Angie Zhang, Bugra Tugertimur, Sara Bijan, Corin Agoris, Ambuj Kumar, Deniz Dayicioglu
Despite the growing elderly population, there is limited research specific to this demographic concerning breast reconstruction (BR). Lack of evidence-based BR recommendations in older populations may contribute to misconceptions and subsequent underutilization of BR, especially autologous BR. Patients who received either deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap BR or tissue expander/implant (TE/I) BR by a single surgeon between July 2011 and July 2015 were surveyed postoperatively by using the psychometrically validated BREAST-Q questionnaire to determine patient satisfaction...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325320/-anatomy-research-of-cervical-laminoplasty-with-preservation-of-the-posterior-ligament-complex
#17
H R Zhao, B S Xu, P F Shao, J J Xia, Q Zhang, W H Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of cervical laminoplasty with preservation of the posterior ligament complex for enlarging the spinal canal. Methods: Six up-to-standard human corpse specimens were divided into two groups by simple randomization (start from C4 group, S4; start from C5 group, S5; 3 corpses in each group). Decompression operation of C3-C6 level was performed in a predetermined sequence by using the new procedure with preservation of the posterior ligament complex.The basic depth of spinal canal was measured with a depth gauge at fixed point after the right bone groove of single level was completed...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325275/-qualitative-pathological-assessment-of-liver-fibrosis-regression-after-antiviral-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#18
Y M Sun, J L Zhou, L Wang, X N Wu, Y P Chen, H X Piao, L G Lu, W Jiang, Y Q Xu, B Feng, Y M Nan, W Xie, G F Chen, H W Zheng, H Li, H G Ding, H Liu, F D Lyu, C Shao, T L Wang, X J Ou, B Q Wang, S Y Chen, H You, J D Jia
Objective: To investigate the methods for qualitative pathological assessment of dynamic changes in liver fibrosis/cirrhosis after antiviral therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), since antiviral therapy can partially reverse liver fibrosis and cirrhosis caused by hepatitis B and semi-quantitative, rather than qualitative, pathological assessment is often used for the research on liver fibrosis regression. Methods: Previously untreated CHB patients with liver fibrosis and cirrhosis were enrolled, and liver biopsy was performed before treatment and at 78 weeks after the antiviral therapy based on entecavir...
November 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324776/effect-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-in-obese-infertile-women-on-cardiometabolic-health-and-quality-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Lotte van Dammen, Vincent Wekker, Anne M van Oers, Meike A Q Mutsaerts, Rebecca C Painter, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Henk Groen, Cornelieke van de Beek, Anneke C Muller Kobold, Walter K H Kuchenbecker, Ron van Golde, Gerrit J E Oosterhuis, Niels E A Vogel, Ben Willem J Mol, Tessa J Roseboom, Annemieke Hoek
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity, an important cardiometabolic risk factor, is rising in women. Lifestyle improvements are the first step in treatment of obesity, but the success depends on factors like timing and motivation. Women are especially receptive to advice about lifestyle before and during pregnancy. Therefore, we hypothesize that the pre-pregnancy period provides the perfect window of opportunity to improve cardiometabolic health and quality of life of obese infertile women, by means of a lifestyle intervention...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323938/rural-nurse-managers-perspectives-into-better-communication-practices
#20
Sheila Q Hartung, Mindi Miller
The aim of this qualitative study was to describe the communication perceptions of nurse managers in rural areas. Prior research in tertiary settings was the impetus for studying viewpoints in other settings. Grounded theory methods were used to collect and analyze interview data with nine managers from regional, critical access hospitals, and home health settings in central Pennsylvania. Nurse Managers associated successful communication with job satisfaction, work efficiency, and employee retention. Circumstances influencing communication involved discussion tones, techniques, resources, and environmental factors...
January 2018: Journal of Community Health Nursing
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