keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

high sensitivity trait

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635630/development-of-a-high-density-snp-based-linkage-map-and-detection-of-qtl-for-%C3%AE-glucans-protein-content-grain-yield-per-spike-and-heading-time-in-durum-wheat
#1
Ilaria Marcotuli, Agata Gadaleta, Giacomo Mangini, Antonio Massimo Signorile, Silvana Addolorata Zacheo, Antonio Blanco, Rosanna Simeone, Pasqualina Colasuonno
High-density genetic linkage maps of crop species are particularly useful in detecting qualitative and quantitative trait loci for important agronomic traits and in improving the power of classical approaches to identify candidate genes. The aim of this study was to develop a high-density genetic linkage map in a durum wheat recombinant inbred lines population (RIL) derived from two elite wheat cultivars and to identify, characterize and correlate Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) for β-glucan, protein content, grain yield per spike and heading time...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634459/cognitive-correlates-of-different-mentalizing-abilities-in-individuals-with-high-and-low-trait-schizotypy-findings-from-an-extreme-group-design
#2
Krisztina Kocsis-Bogár, Simone Kotulla, Susanne Maier, Martin Voracek, Kristina Hennig-Fast
Mentalizing or Theory of Mind (ToM) deficits in schizophrenia have been studied to great extent, but studies involving samples of trait schizotypy yield ambiguous results. Executive functions like cognitive inhibition, cognitive flexibility, and agency are all prerequisites of mentalizing, and it is assumed that the impairment of these functions contributes to ToM deficits in schizophrenia. Whether these impairments influence the ToM performance of people with high trait schizotypy remains unclear. Although impaired self-agency has repeatedly been identified in people with schizotypy, its role in mentalizing is yet to be investigated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633306/multivariate-phylogenetic-comparative-methods-evaluations-comparisons-and-recommendations
#3
Dean C Adams, Michael L Collyer
Recent years have seen increased interest in phylogenetic comparative analyses of multivariate datasets, but to date the varied proposed approaches have not been extensively examined. Here we review the mathematical properties required of any multivariate method, and specifically evaluate existing multivariate phylogenetic comparative methods in this context. Phylogenetic comparative methods based on the full multivariate likelihood are robust to levels of covariation among trait dimensions and are insensitive to the orientation of the dataset, but display increasing model misspecification as the number of trait dimensions increases...
June 13, 2017: Systematic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626952/multivariate-binary-classification-of-imbalanced-datasets-a-case-study-based-on-high-dimensional-multiplex-autoimmune-assay-data
#4
Laura Schlieker, Anna Telaar, Angelika Lueking, Peter Schulz-Knappe, Carmen Theek, Katja Ickstadt
The classification of a population by a specific trait is a major task in medicine, for example when in a diagnostic setting groups of patients with specific diseases are identified, but also when in predictive medicine a group of patients is classified into specific disease severity classes that might profit from different treatments. When the sizes of those subgroups become small, for example in rare diseases, imbalances between the classes are more the rule than the exception and make statistical classification problematic when the error rate of the minority class is high...
June 19, 2017: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622783/-biological-diagnosis-of-iron-deficiency-in-children
#5
I Thuret
Measurement of serum ferritin (SF) is currently the laboratory test recommended for diagnosing iron deficiency. In the absence of an associated disease, a low SF value is an early and highly specific indicator of iron deficiency. The WHO criteria proposed to define depleted storage iron are 12μg/L for children under 5 years and 15μg/L for those over 5 years. A higher threshold of 30μg/L is used in the presence of infection or inflammation. Iron deficiency anemia, with typical low mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin, is only present at the end stage of iron deficiency...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619047/environmental-isolation-explains-iberian-genetic-diversity-in-the-highly-homozygous-model-grass-brachypodium-distachyon
#6
Isabel Marques, Valeriia Shiposha, Diana López-Alvarez, Antonio J Manzaneda, Pilar Hernandez, Marina Olonova, Pilar Catalán
BACKGROUND: Brachypodium distachyon (Poaceae), an annual Mediterranean Aluminum (Al)-sensitive grass, is currently being used as a model species to provide new information on cereals and biofuel crops. The plant has a short life cycle and one of the smallest genomes in the grasses being well suited to experimental manipulation. Its genome has been fully sequenced and several genomic resources are being developed to elucidate key traits and gene functions. A reliable germplasm collection that reflects the natural diversity of this species is therefore needed for all these genomic resources...
June 15, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617527/impact-of-motility-and-chemotaxis-features-of-the-rhizobacterium-pseudomonas-chlororaphis-pcl1606-on-its-biocontrol-of-avocado-white-root-rot
#7
Álvaro Polonio, Carmen Vida, Antonio de Vicente, Francisco M Cazorla
The biocontrol rhizobacterium Pseudomonas chlororaphis PCL1606 has the ability to protect avocado plants against white root rot produced by the phytopathogenic fungus Rosellinia necatrix. Moreover, PCL1606 displayed direct interactions with avocado roots and the pathogenic fungus. Thus, nonmotile (flgK mutant) and non-chemotactic (cheA mutant) derivatives of PCL1606 were constructed to emphasize the importance of motility and chemotaxis in the biological behaviour of PCL1606 during the biocontrol interaction...
June 2017: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614347/an-evidence-based-decision-assistance-model-for-predicting-training-outcome-in-juvenile-guide-dogs
#8
Naomi D Harvey, Peter J Craigon, Simon A Blythe, Gary C W England, Lucy Asher
Working dog organisations, such as Guide Dogs, need to regularly assess the behaviour of the dogs they train. In this study we developed a questionnaire-style behaviour assessment completed by training supervisors of juvenile guide dogs aged 5, 8 and 12 months old (n = 1,401), and evaluated aspects of its reliability and validity. Specifically, internal reliability, temporal consistency, construct validity, predictive criterion validity (comparing against later training outcome) and concurrent criterion validity (comparing against a standardised behaviour test) were evaluated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603521/novel-combined-immune-deficiency-and-radiation-sensitivity-blended-phenotype-in-an-adult-with-biallelic-variations-in-zap70-and-rnf168
#9
Ivan K Chinn, Robert P Sanders, Asbjørg Stray-Pedersen, Zeynep H Coban-Akdemir, Vy Hong-Diep Kim, Harjit Dadi, Chaim M Roifman, Troy Quigg, James R Lupski, Jordan S Orange, I Celine Hanson
With the advent of high-throughput genomic sequencing techniques, novel genetic etiologies are being uncovered for previously unexplained Mendelian phenotypes, and the underlying genetic architecture of disease is being unraveled. Although most of these "mendelizing" disease traits represent phenotypes caused by single-gene defects, a percentage of patients have blended phenotypes caused by pathogenic variants in multiple genes. We describe an adult patient with susceptibility to bacterial, herpesviral, and fungal infections...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600682/chironomidae-traits-and-life-history-strategies-as-indicators-of-anthropogenic-disturbance
#10
Sónia R Q Serra, Manuel A S Graça, Sylvain Dolédec, Maria João Feio
In freshwater ecosystems, Chironomidae are currently considered indicators of poor water quality because the family is often abundant in degraded sites. However, it incorporates taxa with a large ecological and physiological diversity and different sensitivity to impairment. Yet, the usual identification of Chironomidae at coarse taxonomic levels (family or subfamily) masks genus and species sensitivities. In this study, we investigate the potential of taxonomic and functional (traits) composition of Chironomidae to detect anthropogenic disturbance...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589330/triple-combination-therapy-and-drug-cycling-tangential-strategies-for-countering-artemisinin-resistance
#11
REVIEW
Bhattacharjee Dipanjan, G Shivaprakash, O Balaji
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review attempts to understand the reasons for the successes and failures of the two novel strategies that have slowly begun to emerge as potential counters for anti-malarial drug resistance-"Triple Combination Therapy" and "Drug Cycling." RECENT FINDINGS: Recent reports have suggested that increasing the heterogeneity within the parasite's environment, both at an individual and the population level, may help raise the probabilistic barrier of development of resistance in the parasite...
July 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588508/individual-differences-in-subjective-utility-and-risk-preferences-the-influence-of-hedonic-capacity-and-trait-anxiety
#12
Jonathon R Howlett, Martin P Paulus
Individual differences in decision-making are important in both normal populations and psychiatric conditions. Variability in decision-making could be mediated by different subjective utilities or by other processes. For example, while traditional economic accounts attribute risk aversion to a concave subjective utility curve, in practice other factors could affect risk behavior. This distinction may have important implications for understanding the biological basis of variability in decision-making and for developing interventions to improve decision-making...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588465/electrophysiological-correlates-of-subliminal-perception-of-facial-expressions-in-individuals-with-autistic-traits-a-backward-masking-study
#13
Svjetlana Vukusic, Joseph Ciorciari, David P Crewther
People with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show difficulty in social communication, especially in the rapid assessment of emotion in faces. This study examined the processing of emotional faces in typically developing adults with high and low levels of autistic traits (measured using the Autism Spectrum Quotient-AQ). Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during viewing of backward-masked neutral, fearful and happy faces presented under two conditions: subliminal (16 ms, below the level of visual conscious awareness) and supraliminal (166 ms, above the time required for visual conscious awareness)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583089/genome-enabled-predictions-for-fruit-weight-and-quality-from-repeated-records-in-european-peach-progenies
#14
Filippo Biscarini, Nelson Nazzicari, Marco Bink, Pere Arús, Maria José Aranzana, Ignazio Verde, Sabrina Micali, Thierry Pascal, Benedicte Quilot-Turion, Patrick Lambert, Cassia da Silva Linge, Igor Pacheco, Daniele Bassi, Alessandra Stella, Laura Rossini
BACKGROUND: Highly polygenic traits such as fruit weight, sugar content and acidity strongly influence the agroeconomic value of peach varieties. Genomic Selection (GS) can accelerate peach yield and quality gain if predictions show higher levels of accuracy compared to phenotypic selection. The available IPSC 9K SNP array V1 allows standardized and highly reliable genotyping, preparing the ground for GS in peach. RESULTS: A repeatability model (multiple records per individual plant) for genome-enabled predictions in eleven European peach populations is presented...
June 6, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582424/allelic-variants-of-oshkt1-1-underlie-the-divergence-between-indica-and-japonica-subspecies-of-rice-oryza-sativa-for-root-sodium-content
#15
Malachy T Campbell, Nonoy Bandillo, Fouad Razzaq A Al Shiblawi, Sandeep Sharma, Kan Liu, Qian Du, Aaron J Schmitz, Chi Zhang, Anne-Aliénor Véry, Aaron J Lorenz, Harkamal Walia
Salinity is a major factor limiting crop productivity. Rice (Oryza sativa), a staple crop for the majority of the world, is highly sensitive to salinity stress. To discover novel sources of genetic variation for salt tolerance-related traits in rice, we screened 390 diverse accessions under 14 days of moderate (9 dS·m-1) salinity. In this study, shoot growth responses to moderate levels of salinity were independent of tissue Na+ content. A significant difference in root Na+ content was observed between the major subpopulations of rice, with indica accessions displaying higher root Na+ and japonica accessions exhibiting lower root Na+ content...
June 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579994/identification-of-high-temperature-tolerant-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-genotypes-through-leaf-and-pollen-traits
#16
Kumari Sita, Akanksha Sehgal, Jitendra Kumar, Shiv Kumar, Sarvjeet Singh, Kadambot H M Siddique, Harsh Nayyar
Rising temperatures are proving detrimental for various agricultural crops. Cool-season legumes such as lentil (Lens culunaris Medik.) are sensitive to even small increases in temperature during the reproductive stage, hence the need to explore the available germplasm for heat tolerance as well as its underlying mechanisms. In the present study, a set of 38 core lentil accessions were screened for heat stress tolerance by sowing 2 months later (first week of January; max/min temperature >32/20°C during the reproductive stage) than the recommended date of sowing (first week of November; max/min temperature <32/20°C during the reproductive stage)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577177/the-epigenetic-memory-of-temperature-during-embryogenesis-modifies-the-expression-of-bud-burst-related-genes-in-norway-spruce-epitypes
#17
Elena Carneros, Igor Yakovlev, Marcos Viejo, Jorunn E Olsen, Carl Gunnar Fossdal
Epigenetic memory affects the timing of bud burst phenology and the expression of bud burst-related genes in genetically identical Norway spruce epitypes in a manner usually associated with ecotypes. In Norway spruce, a temperature-dependent epigenetic memory established during embryogenesis affects the timing of bud burst and bud set in a reproducible and predictable manner. We hypothesize that the clinal variation in these phenological traits, which is associated with adaptation to growth under frost-free conditions, has an epigenetic component...
June 2, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558752/epigenomic-and-functional-analyses-reveal-roles-of-epialleles-in-the-loss-of-photoperiod-sensitivity-during-domestication-of-allotetraploid-cottons
#18
Qingxin Song, Tianzhen Zhang, David M Stelly, Z Jeffrey Chen
BACKGROUND: Polyploidy is a pervasive evolutionary feature of all flowering plants and some animals, leading to genetic and epigenetic changes that affect gene expression and morphology. DNA methylation changes can produce meiotically stable epialleles, which are transmissible through selection and breeding. However, the relationship between DNA methylation and polyploid plant domestication remains elusive. RESULTS: We report comprehensive epigenomic and functional analyses, including ~12 million differentially methylated cytosines in domesticated allotetraploid cottons and their tetraploid and diploid relatives...
May 31, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558045/a-technique-system-for-the-measurement-reconstruction-and-character-extraction-of-rice-plant-architecture
#19
Xumeng Li, Xiaohui Wang, Hailin Wei, Xinguang Zhu, Yulin Peng, Ming Li, Tao Li, Huang Huang
This study developed a technique system for the measurement, reconstruction, and trait extraction of rice canopy architectures, which have challenged functional-structural plant modeling for decades and have become the foundation of the design of ideo-plant architectures. The system uses the location-separation-measurement method (LSMM) for the collection of data on the canopy architecture and the analytic geometry method for the reconstruction and visualization of the three-dimensional (3D) digital architecture of the rice plant...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549655/experimental-winter-warming-modifies-thermal-performance-and-primes-acorn-ants-for-warm-weather
#20
Heidi J MacLean, Clint A Penick, Robert R Dunn, Sarah E Diamond
The frequency of warm winter days is increasing under global climate change, but how organisms respond to warmer winters is not well understood. Most studies focus on growing season responses to warming. Locomotor performance is often highly sensitive to temperature, and can determine fitness outcomes through a variety of mechanisms including resource acquisition and predator escape. As a consequence, locomotor performance, and its impacts on fitness, may be strongly affected by winter warming in winter-active species...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
keyword
keyword
103538
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"