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Neonatal head ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802270/single-and-serial-fetal-biometry-to-detect-preterm-and-term-small-and-large-for-gestational-age-neonates-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#1
Adi L Tarca, Edgar Hernandez-Andrade, Hyunyoung Ahn, Maynor Garcia, Zhonghui Xu, Steven J Korzeniewski, Homam Saker, Tinnakorn Chaiworapongsa, Sonia S Hassan, Lami Yeo, Roberto Romero
OBJECTIVES: To assess the value of single and serial fetal biometry for the prediction of small- (SGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) neonates delivered preterm or at term. METHODS: A cohort study of 3,971 women with singleton pregnancies was conducted from the first trimester until delivery with 3,440 pregnancies (17,334 scans) meeting the following inclusion criteria: 1) delivery of a live neonate after 33 gestational weeks and 2) two or more ultrasound examinations with fetal biometry parameters obtained at ≤36 weeks...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684833/use-of-the-glidescope-video-laryngoscope-for-intubation-during-ex-utero-intrapartum-treatment-in-a-fetus-with-a-giant-cyst-of-the-4th-branchial-cleft-a-case-report
#2
Sung Hye Byun, So Young Lee, Seong Yeon Hong, Taeha Ryu, Baek Jin Kim, Jin Yong Jung
INTRODUCTION: In fetuses who are predicted to be at risk of catastrophic airway obstruction at delivery, the ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure is useful for securing the fetal airway while maintaining fetal oxygenation via placental circulation. Factors, including poor posture of the fetus and physician, narrow visual field, and issues of contamination in the aseptic surgical field, make fetal intubation during the EXIT procedure difficult. Herein, we report our experience of the usefulness of the GlideScope video laryngoscope (GVL) for intubation during the EXIT procedure...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669698/congenital-craniopharyngioma-treated-by-radical-surgery-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Teruyoshi Kageji, Takeshi Miyamoto, Yumiko Kotani, Tsuyoshi Kaji, Yoshimi Bando, Yoshifumi Mizobuchi, Kohei Nakajima, Shinji Nagahiro
PURPOSE: Craniopharyngiomas are 5-10 % of all pediatric tumors, but are seldomly encountered in the perinatal period. Only seven instances of a truly antenatal diagnosis of a congenital craniopharyngioma that subsequently underwent radical surgery have been reported. We present the case of a patient who received the diagnosis of a suprasellar tumor during the prenatal period and received radical surgery. METHODS: We report a case of a neonatal craniopharyngioma treated surgically...
September 26, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662643/prenatal-screening-for-microcephaly-an-update-after-three-decades
#4
Shari E Gelber, Amos Grünebaum, Frank A Chervenak
BACKGROUND: Due to the recent outbreak of Zika virus, there has been a newfound interest in fetal and neonatal microcephaly. In 1984, Chervenak et al. proposed criteria for the prenatal ultrasound diagnosis of microcephaly as ≤3 standard deviations (SD) from the mean. Despite improvements in medicine these criteria have not been reevaluated in 30 years. OBJECTIVE: To examine how the original 1984 Chervenak et al. criteria for the diagnosis of fetal microcephaly apply to a current population utilizing modern ultrasound equipment and techniques...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628240/is-neonatal-head-circumference-related-to-caesarean-section-for-failure-to-progress
#5
Bradley de Vries, Bianca Bryce, Tatiana Zandanova, Jason Ting, Patrick Kelly, Hala Phipps, Jon A Hyett
BACKGROUND: There is global concern about rising caesarean section rates. Identification of risk factors could lead to preventative measures. AIMS: To describe the association between neonatal head circumference and (i) caesarean section for failure to progress, (ii) intrapartum caesarean section overall. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 11 687 singleton live births with cephalic presentation, attempted vaginal birth and at least 37 completed weeks gestation from January 2005 to June 2009...
December 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622417/neonatal-head-ultrasound-systematic-approach-to-congenital-central-nervous-system-anomalies-a-pictorial-essay
#6
Hye-Kyung Yoon, Seong Whi Cho
Brain ultrasound is widely used for the screening of prematurely born babies. Although the best imaging modality for the central nervous system anomaly is brain MRI, the first imaging study in the post-natal period is brain ultrasonography in most cases. Anomalies could be found incidentally on screening ultrasound, or in those cases already suspected on prenatal ultrasound. In order not to miss congenital structural abnormalities of the brain on screening ultrasound, systematic approaches would be very helpful...
September 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587029/design-and-validation-of-an-mr-conditional-robot-for-transcranial-focused-ultrasound-surgery-in-infants
#7
Karl D Price, Vivian W Sin, Charles Mougenot, Samuel Pichardo, Thomas Looi, Adam C Waspe, James M Drake
PURPOSE: Current treatment of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) involves cerebral shunt placement or an invasive brain surgery. Magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) applied to the brains of pediatric patients presents an opportunity to treat IVH in a noninvasive manner, termed "incision-less surgery." Current clinical and research focused ultrasound systems lack the capability to perform neonatal transcranial surgeries due to either range of motion or dexterity requirements...
September 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531861/diffuse-periventricular-calcification-and-brain-atrophy-a-case-of-neonatal-central-nervous-system-cytomegalovirus-infection
#8
Thomas R Sanchez, Mitchell D Datlow, Anna E Nidecker
TORCH refers to the most common congenitally acquired infections: toxoplasma, rubella, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus. Neonatal cytomegalovirus infection remains a common cause of congenital infection worldwide with effects ranging from hearing impairment to significant neurological morbidity. We report a case of a term neonate with ventriculomegaly on prenatal ultrasound who presented with low birth weight, small head circumference, hepatosplenomegaly, and purpuric rash on physical exam. Central nervous system cytomegalovirus infection typically shows periventricular calcifications and associated deep white matter damage and ventriculomegaly...
October 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491635/associated-ultrasonographic-findings-in-fetuses-with-microcephaly-because-of-suspected-zika-virus-zikv-infection-during-pregnancy
#9
Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho, Kárita Melo Cordeiro, Alberto Borges Peixoto, Gabriele Tonni, Antonio Fernandes Moron, Francisco Edson Lucena Feitosa, Helvécio Neves Feitosa, Edward Araujo Júnior
OBJECTIVE: To describe fetal ultrasonographic findings and outcomes in a series of cases of fetal microcephaly associated with Zika virus infection. METHODS: Retrospective case series of microcephaly with definite (laboratory evidence) or highly probable (specific neuroimaging findings and negative laboratory results) maternal Zika virus infection. Microcephaly was graded as mild if the head circumference was between 2 and 3 standard deviation (SD) below the mean, and severe if 3 or more SD below the mean...
September 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490643/neonatal-acute-kidney-injury-and-the-risk-of-intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-the-very-low-birth-weight-infant
#10
Christine Stoops, Brian Sims, Russell Griffin, D J Askenazi
Despite improvements in survival of premature infants, many have comorbid conditions. The role of the kidney in multiorgan dysfunction is unclear, particularly in regard to intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). We hypothesized that infants diagnosed with acute kidney injury (AKI) have an increased risk of IVH independent of gestational age (GA) and other variables associated with both comorbidities. This prospective cohort study consisted of 125 infants with a birth weight ≤1,200 g and/or GA ≤31 weeks. A definition of AKI was used from KDIGO, not including urine output as nonoliguria is common in this population...
2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486655/fetoscopic-endoluminal-tracheal-occlusion-in-fetuses-with-severe-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-three-year-single-center-experience
#11
Nicola Persico, Isabella Fabietti, Fabrizio Ciralli, Valerio Gentilino, Francesco D'Ambrosi, Simona Boito, Manuela Wally Ossola, Mariarosa Colnaghi, Valentina Condò, Francesco Macchini, Ernesto Leva, Fabio Mosca, Luigi Fedele
OBJECTIVE: To report on our experience in the prenatal treatment of severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) by fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO). METHODS: Between 2012 and 2014, FETO was performed at our center in 21 cases of CDH considered to be severe based on sonographic measurement of observed/expected lung-to-head ratio (O/E LHR) and side of the defect. We reported pre- and postoperative ultrasound findings, procedure-related complications, pregnancy outcome and survival at 1-3 years of age...
August 4, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484449/point-of-care-neonatal-ultrasound-head-lung-gut-and-line-localization
#12
Chandra Rath, Pradeep Suryawanshi
Context: Knowledge and skills of heart, head, lung, gut and basic abdominal ultrasound is of immense utility to clinicians in their day-to-day patient management, and in acute events, in the absence of specialist service back-up. This review examines the potential role of clinician-performed ultrasound in the neonatal intensive care unit. Evidence Acquisition: The bibliographic search of English-language literature was performed electronically using PubMed and EMBASE databases for the different topics we have covered under this review...
June 1, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403226/ultrasound-guided-second-trimester-fetal-electroencephalography-in-two-pregnant-volunteers-a-technical-note
#13
Adnan I Qureshi, Muhammad Shah Miran, Shijing Li, Meijing Jiang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data from electroencephalography (EEG) in preterm infants and neonates suggest that electroencephalographic abnormalities are likely present during antepartum period or fetal stage. We describe our initial effort to record fetal EEG with emphasis on technical aspects since such technique has not been developed as a viable and reproducible method. METHODS: The fetal heads were located in two pregnant volunteers (29 years old and 26 years old) with 28 weeks of gestation by ultrasound imaging...
June 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291942/fetal-hypoxia-secondary-to-severe-maternal-anemia-as-a-causative-link-between-blueberry-muffin-baby-and-erythroblastosis-a-case-report
#14
Maria Pia De Carolis, Silvia Salvi, Iliana Bersani, Serafina Lacerenza, Costantino Romagnoli, Sara De Carolis
BACKGROUND: Neonatal blueberry muffin lesions are rare cutaneous eruptions, presenting as transient, non-blanching, red-violaceous papules, mostly localized in the trunk, head and neck, attributable to a marked dermal hematopoietic activity. Congenital infections of the TORCH complex (toxoplasmosis, other, rubella, cytomegalovirus and herpes) and hematological disorders have been classically associated with this neonatal dermatological manifestation. We report for the first time an unusual presentation of blueberry muffin lesions in a neonate born from a mother affected by severe anemia during pregnancy...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274403/intracranial-extra-axial-hemangioma-in-a-newborn-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Marcos Dalsin, Rafael Sodré Silva, Jennyfer Paula Galdino Chaves, Francine Hehn Oliveira, Ápio Cláudio Martins Antunes, Leonardo Modesti Vedolin
BACKGROUND: Congenital hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors, and the intracranial counterpart was described in very few cases. CASE DESCRIPTION: A newborn presented with an intracranial tumor associated with an arachnoid cyst, diagnosed by antenatal ultrasound at 37 weeks of gestation. Surgery was indicated due to increased head circumference and bulging fontanelle, and a complete resection of an extra-axial red-brown tumor was performed at the 3(rd) week of life...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271101/maternal-and-neonatal-markers-of-the-homocysteine-pathway-and-fetal-growth-the-generation-r-study
#16
Nienke E Bergen, Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Albert Hofman, Jan Lindemans, Henk Russcher, Henning Tiemeier, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen, Eric A P Steegers
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal dietary intake during pregnancy may have long-term health implications in children. These effects may be mediated by fetal growth. We investigated the associations of early pregnancy and umbilical cord total homocysteine (tHcy), folate, and total and active vitamin B12 concentrations with fetal growth parameters repeatedly measured in pregnancy and at birth. METHODS: This study was performed in 5890 pregnant women, participating in a population-based prospective cohort study...
July 2016: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242201/lateral-asymmetric-decubitus-position-for-the-rotation-of-occipito-posterior-positions-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-evadela
#17
Camille Le Ray, Flavie Lepleux, Aurélie De La Calle, Jessy Guerin, Nathalie Sellam, Michel Dreyfus, Anne A Chantry
BACKGROUND: Fetal occiput posterior positions are associated with poorer maternal outcomes than occiput anterior positions. Although methods that include instrumental and manual rotation can be used at the end of labor to promote the rotation of the fetal head, various maternal postures may also be performed from the beginning of labor in occiput posterior position. Such postures might facilitate flexion of the fetal head and favor its rotation into an occiput anterior position. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a lateral asymmetric decubitus posture facilitates the rotation of fetal occiput posterior into occiput anterior positions...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208195/improving-the-prediction-of-neonatal-outcomes-in-isolated-left-sided-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-by-direct-and-indirect-sonographic-assessment-of-liver-herniation
#18
Nicolas Sananes, Ingrid Britto, Adesola C Akinkuotu, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Darrell L Cass, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Timothy C Lee, Christopher I Cassady, Amy Mehollin-Ray, Stephen Welty, Caraciolo Fernandes, Michael A Belfort, Wesley Lee, Rodrigo Ruano
OBJECTIVES: Liver herniation can be assessed sonographically by either a direct (liver-to-thoracic area ratio) or an indirect (stomach position) method. Our objective was to evaluate the utility of those methods to assess liver herniation for the prediction of neonatal outcomes in patients with isolated left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients with CDH who had prenatal assessment and were delivered at Texas Children's Hospital between January 2004 and April 2014...
July 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101390/risk-factors-and-associated-diseases-among-preterm-infants-with-isolated-lenticulostriate-vasculopathy
#19
A Maayan-Metzger, L Leibovitch, I Schushan-Eisen, M Soudack, T Strauss
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, risk factors and diseases associated with isolated lenticulostriate vasculopathy (LSV) among preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Medical records of 84 preterm infants (gestational age (GA) 25 to 34 weeks) with isolated LSV in a case-control retrospective study over a period of 6.5 years were reviewed and compared with matched control infants. LSV was defined as 'early' if it was documented in head ultrasound (HUS) before or on the fifth day of life and 'late' if it was not present in the first HUS and recorded later during neonatal hospitalization...
September 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27011107/antenatal-assessment-of-liver-position-rather-than-lung-to-head-ratio-lhr-or-observed-expected-lhr-is-predictive-of-outcome-in-fetuses-with-isolated-left-sided-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#20
Zbyněk Straňák, Ladislav Krofta, Lucia Anna Haak, Jiří Vojtěch, Luboš Hašlík, Michal Rygl, Karel Pýcha, Jaroslav Feyereisl
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory morbidity in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with high mortality and adverse outcome. Accurate prenatal diagnosis is essential for prognosis and potential treatment in utero. The aim was to evaluate the prenatal ultrasound findings in assessing the respiratory prognosis in fetuses with isolated left-sided CDH. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 59 prenatally diagnosed left-sided CDH cases managed at a tertiary perinatal center...
March 24, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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