keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Loneliness cognitive

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130976/discontinued-information-and-communication-technology-usage-among-older-adults-in-continuing-care-retirement-communities-in-the-united-states
#1
R V Rikard, Ronald W Berkowsky, Shelia R Cotten
BACKGROUND: Older adults are increasingly using information and communication technologies (ICTs). Recent studies show beneficial effects of using ICTs for older adults, particularly in terms of reducing loneliness and depression. However, little is known about the factors that may prevent discontinued ICT use in populations that may be at greater risk, such as those in continuing care retirement communities (CCRCs). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine a range of factors that may influence discontinued (1) ICT use, (2) searching for health information, and (3) searching for general information over time among CCRC residents...
November 9, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116555/modifiable-correlates-of-perceived-cognitive-function-in-breast-cancer-survivors-up-to-10%C3%A2-years-after-chemotherapy-completion
#2
Ashley Henneghan, Alexa Stuifbergen, Heather Becker, Shelli Kesler, Elisabeth King
BACKGROUND: Cognitive changes following breast cancer treatment are likely multifactorial and have been linked to emotional factors, biophysiological factors, and fatigue, among others. Little is known about the contributions of modifiable factors such as stress, loneliness, and sleep quality. The purpose of this study was to explore the direct and indirect effects of perceived stress, loneliness, and sleep quality on perceived cognitive function (PCF) in breast cancer survivors (BCS) after chemotherapy completion...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102150/it-is-all-in-their-mind-a-review-on-information-processing-bias-in-lonely-individuals
#3
REVIEW
Annette W M Spithoven, Patricia Bijttebier, Luc Goossens
Loneliness is a distressing emotional state that motivates individuals to renew and maintain social contact. It has been suggested that lonely individuals suffer from a cognitive bias towards social threatening stimuli. However, current models of loneliness remain vague on how this cognitive bias is expressed in lonely individuals. The current review provides an up-to-date overview of studies examining loneliness in relation to various aspects of cognitive functioning. These studies are interpreted in light of the Social Information Processing (SIP) model...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100718/-programs-to-combat-loneliness-in-the-institutionalised-elderly-a-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#4
Ana Isabel Bermeja, Berta Ausín
Loneliness is a problem that affects a very high percentage of older people, and can lead to physical and/or mental illness. This article aims to present a systematic review of programs to combat loneliness directed towards the institutionalised elderly. Experimental and quasi-experimental articles published between 2000 and 2016 were included in the review. An analysis was carried out on the quality of the methodological evidence of each of the articles. The programs analysed included animal-assisted, contacts with families through videoconferencing, gardening and/or horticulture workshops, reminiscence therapies, humour therapies, and cognitive interventions...
October 31, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069628/still-lonely-social-adjustment-of-youth-with-and-without-social-anxiety-disorder-following-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#5
Cynthia Suveg, Julie Newman Kingery, Molly Davis, Anna Jones, Monica Whitehead, Marni L Jacob
Social experiences are an integral part of normative development for youth and social functioning difficulties are related to poor outcomes. Youth with anxiety disorders, and particularly social anxiety disorder, experience difficulties across many aspects of social functioning that may place them at risk for maladjustment. The goal of this paper was to compare social experiences of youth across anxiety diagnoses and examine whether treatment is helpful in improving social functioning. Ninety-two children (age 7-12 years; 58% male; 87...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030910/the-role-of-general-psychosocial-factors-for-the-use-of-cancer-screening-findings-of-a-population-based-observational-study-among-older-adults-in-germany
#6
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
Within the framework of the health-belief model, some studies exist investigating the association between illness-specific psychosocial factors and the use of cancer screenings. However, studies investigating the association between general psychosocial factors and the use of cancer screenings are missing. Thus, this study aimed at examining the association between well-established general psychosocial factors and the use of cancer screenings. Data were gathered from a large, population-based sample of community-dwelling individuals aged 40 and above in Germany (n = 7673; in 2014)...
October 13, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985256/does-current-smoking-predict-future-frailty-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#7
Gotaro Kojima, Steve Iliffe, Stephen Jivraj, Ann Liljas, Kate Walters
Background: smoking is the single most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. The evidence on independent associations between smoking in later life and incident frailty is scarce. Objectives: to examine the effect of current smoking in older people on the risk of developing frailty, controlling for important confounders. Methods: we used data of 2,542 community-dwelling older people aged ≥60 years in England. Participants were classified as current smokers or non-smokers...
August 17, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983735/cancer-related-loneliness-mediates-the-relationships-between-social-constraints-and-symptoms-among-cancer-patients
#8
Rebecca N Adams, Catherine E Mosher, Joseph G Winger, Rafat Abonour, Kurt Kroenke
Cancer patients have high rates of persistent and disabling symptoms. Evidence suggests that social constraints (e.g., avoidance and criticism) negatively impact symptoms, but pathways linking these variables have yet to be identified. This study examined whether cancer-related loneliness (i.e., feeling socially disconnected related to having cancer) mediated the relationships between social constraints and symptoms (i.e., pain interference, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and cognitive complaints) in patients with various cancers (N = 182)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913913/development-of-the-cancer-related-loneliness-assessment-tool-using-the-findings-of-a-qualitative-analysis-to-generate-questionnaire-items
#9
K B Cunningham, T Kroll, M Wells
The aim of this research was to develop a tool to identify and assess the qualities of cancer-related loneliness in adult cancer survivors who have completed treatment. In addition to reporting the development of the tool, we explicate the process of using the findings of a qualitative analysis to generate questionnaire items, as currently little guidance exists on this topic. The findings of our qualitative research exploring the experience of loneliness in adult cancer survivors who had completed treatment, together with the findings of our concept analysis of loneliness, were used to develop an assessment tool for cancer-related loneliness following treatment completion...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895503/needs-assessment-with-elder-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-implications-for-services-and-interventions
#10
Zeina Chemali, Christina P C Borba, Kelsey Johnson, Sama Khair, Gregory L Fricchione
Currently, over 1 million Syrian and Palestinian refugees have fled Syria to take refuge in Lebanon. Among this vulnerable population, elder refugees warrant particular concern, as they shoulder a host of additional health and safety issues that require additional resources. However, the specific needs of elder refugees are often overlooked, especially during times of crisis. Our study used a semi-structured interview to survey the needs of elder refugees and understand their perceived support from Lebanese fieldworkers...
September 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862676/problems-in-classifying-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-one-or-multiple-syndromes
#11
María Del Carmen Díaz-Mardomingo, Sara García-Herranz, Raquel Rodríguez-Fernández, César Venero, Herminia Peraita
As the conceptual, methodological, and technological advances applied to dementias have evolved the construct of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), one problem encountered has been its classification into subtypes. Here, we aim to revise the concept of MCI and its subtypes, addressing the problems of classification not only from the psychometric point of view or by using alternative methods, such as latent class analysis, but also considering the absence of normative data. In addition to the well-known influence of certain factors on cognitive function, such as educational level and cultural traits, recent studies highlight the relevance of other factors that may significantly affect the genesis and evolution of MCI: subjective memory complaints, loneliness, social isolation, etc...
September 1, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854882/a-four-domain-approach-of-frailty-explored-in-the-doetinchem-cohort-study
#12
Sandra H van Oostrom, Daphne L van der A, M Liset Rietman, H Susan J Picavet, Manon Lette, W M Monique Verschuren, Simone R de Bruin, Annemieke M W Spijkerman
BACKGROUND: Accumulation of problems in physical, psychological, cognitive, or social functioning is characteristic for frail individuals. Using a four-domain approach of frailty, this study explored how sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, life events and health are associated with frailty. METHODS: The study sample included 4019 men and women (aged 40-81 years) examined during the fifth round (2008-2012) of the Doetinchem Cohort Study. Four domains of frailty were considered: physical (≥4 of 8 criteria: unintentional weight loss, exhaustion, strength, perceived health, walking, balance, hearing and vision impairments), psychological (2 criteria: depressive symptoms, mental health), cognitive (<10th percentile on global cognitive functioning), and social frailty (≥2 of 3 criteria: loneliness, social support, social participation)...
August 30, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805100/older-adults-with-a-combination-of-vision-and-hearing-impairment-experience-higher-rates-of-cognitive-impairment-functional-dependence-and-worse-outcomes-across-a-set-of-quality-indicators
#13
Jacob G S Davidson, Dawn M Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: Hearing and vision impairment were examined across several health-related outcomes and across a set of quality indicators (QIs) in home care clients with both vision and hearing loss (or dual sensory impairment [DSI]). METHOD: Data collected using the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) were analyzed in a sample of older home care clients. The QIs represent the proportion of clients experiencing negative outcomes (e.g., falls, social isolation)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769852/loneliness-in-relation-to-depression-the-moderating-influence-of-a-polymorphism-of-the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-on-self-efficacy-and-coping-strategies
#14
Marc Bedard, Robbie Woods, Carly Crump, Hymie Anisman
Disturbances of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling, which may occur among those with a polymorphism of the Val66Met gene, comprising a Met substitution for the Val allele, may be associated with depressive cognitions. However, presumed elevated BDNF levels among individuals with the Val/Val genotype, might confer increased responsivity to contextual challenges, thus fostering vulnerability to depression. In Study 1, among undergraduate students (N = 252), increased loneliness perceptions were accompanied with depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736541/hallucinations-in-healthy-older-adults-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-perspectives-for-future-research
#15
REVIEW
Johanna C Badcock, Hedwige Dehon, Frank Larøi
KEY POINTS ➢ Studies suggest a substantial minority of healthy older adults have hallucinatory experiences, in line with existing evidence on hallucinations in other age groups, though it is still unclear if hallucination prevalence increases or declines with age in older cohorts.➢ Stigma attached to both hallucinations and ageing leads to considerable under-reporting of these experiences in healthy older adults and may negatively bias how professionals, family members, and the public respond.➢ Why and when hallucinations in healthy older adults remit, persist, or progress to other clinical disorders remains poorly understood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692781/depression-as-a-risk-factor-of-organic-diseases-an-international-integrative-review
#16
Teodora Bica, Ruth Castelló, Loren L Toussaint, Pilar Montesó-Curto
PURPOSE AND DESIGN: This integrative review offers a systematic synthesis of the international literature regarding the role of depression as a risk factor in physical illnesses and the mechanisms of this connection. Special attention is paid to those modifiable factors. FINDINGS: Published studies of depression and physical illness and disease(N = 24) from five countries that were indexed in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), APA PsycNET, Scopus, Dialnet, and CUIDEN were examined...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682784/the-theoretical-underpinnings-of-internet-addiction-and-its-association-with-psychopathology-in-adolescence
#17
Shawn Taylor, Sirirada Pattara-Angkoon, Schwanagorn Sirirat, Damith Woods
This paper reviews the psychological and theoretical underpinnings that might help to explain the reported relationship between Internet addiction (IA) and psychopathology in both children and adolescents. Drawing on cognitive-behavioural models and social-skills theory, IA shows a strong relationship with depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and time spent using the Internet use. Mixed findings are reported for social anxiety. Loneliness and hostility were also found to be associated with IA...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658937/loneliness-social-integration-and-incident-dementia-over-6-years-prospective-findings-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#18
Snorri Bjorn Rafnsson, Martin Orrell, Eleonora d'Orsi, Eef Hogervorst, Andrew Steptoe
Objectives: Social relationships are important for the maintenance of cognitive function at older ages, with both objective features of social networks and perceived social connections (loneliness) being relevant. There is limited evidence about how different aspects of social experience predict diagnosed dementia. Methods: The sample comprised 6,677 dementia-free individuals at baseline (2004) from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Baseline information on loneliness, number of close relationships, marital status, and social isolation (contact with family and friends and participation in organizations) was analyzed in relation to incident dementia over an average 6...
June 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637195/at-issue-social-disconnection-in-schizophrenia-and-the-general-community
#19
Michael F Green, William P Horan, Junghee Lee, Amanda McCleery, L Felice Reddy, Jonathan K Wynn
Social disability is a defining characteristic of schizophrenia and a substantial public health problem. It has several components that are difficult to disentangle. One component, social disconnection, occurs extensively in the general community among nonhelp-seeking individuals. Social disconnection is an objective, long-standing lack of social/family relationships and minimal participation in social activities. It is associated with negative health effects, including early mortality, and is distinct from subjective loneliness...
June 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626828/contribution-of-risk-factors-to-excess-mortality-in-isolated-and-lonely-individuals-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-uk-biobank-cohort-study
#20
Marko Elovainio, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Marianna Virtanen, Kim Josefsson, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: The associations of social isolation and loneliness with premature mortality are well known, but the risk factors linking them remain unclear. We sought to identify risk factors that might explain the increased mortality in socially isolated and lonely individuals. METHODS: We used prospective follow-up data from the UK Biobank cohort study to assess self-reported isolation (a three-item scale) and loneliness (two questions). The main outcomes were all-cause and cause-specific mortality...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
keyword
keyword
103518
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"