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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637195/at-issue-social-disconnection-in-schizophrenia-and-the-general-community
#1
Michael F Green, William P Horan, Junghee Lee, Amanda McCleery, L Felice Reddy, Jonathan K Wynn
Social disability is a defining characteristic of schizophrenia and a substantial public health problem. It has several components that are difficult to disentangle. One component, social disconnection, occurs extensively in the general community among nonhelp-seeking individuals. Social disconnection is an objective, long-standing lack of social/family relationships and minimal participation in social activities. It is associated with negative health effects, including early mortality, and is distinct from subjective loneliness...
June 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626828/contribution-of-risk-factors-to-excess-mortality-in-isolated-and-lonely-individuals-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-uk-biobank-cohort-study
#2
Marko Elovainio, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Marianna Virtanen, Kim Josefsson, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: The associations of social isolation and loneliness with premature mortality are well known, but the risk factors linking them remain unclear. We sought to identify risk factors that might explain the increased mortality in socially isolated and lonely individuals. METHODS: We used prospective follow-up data from the UK Biobank cohort study to assess self-reported isolation (a three-item scale) and loneliness (two questions). The main outcomes were all-cause and cause-specific mortality...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553795/disentangling-loneliness
#3
Johannes Beller, Adina Wagner
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether different measures of social disconnectedness-subjective loneliness, network quality, network size, living alone-have differential effects on the health of older adults. METHODS: We used a longitudinal sample of the German Aging Survey ( N = 4,184) and analyzed seven measures of health (life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, depression, cognitive performance, physical functioning, and pulmonary function) via regression analyses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528389/a-life-less-lonely-the-state-of-the-art-in-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-in-people-with-mental-health-problems
#4
REVIEW
Farhana Mann, Jessica K Bone, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Johanna Frerichs, Vanessa Pinfold, Ruimin Ma, Jingyi Wang, Sonia Johnson
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence of significant harmful effects of loneliness. Relatively little work has focused on how best to reduce loneliness in people with mental health problems. We aim to present an overview of the current state of the art in loneliness interventions in people with mental health problems, identify relevant challenges, and highlight priorities for future research and implementation. METHODS: A scoping review of the published and grey literature was conducted, as well as discussions with relevant experts, to propose a broad classification system for types of interventions targeting loneliness...
May 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497208/the-detrimental-effects-of-adolescents-chronic-loneliness-on-motivation-and-emotion-regulation-in-social-situations
#5
Janne Vanhalst, Koen Luyckx, Stijn Van Petegem, Bart Soenens
In adolescence, when establishing and maintaining satisfying social relationships is a key developmental task, chronic loneliness is related to a host of negative outcomes. This study aimed at examining motivational and regulatory factors related to chronic loneliness. Specifically, this study investigated chronically lonely adolescents' responses to hypothetical vignettes of social inclusion and exclusion, thereby focusing on (a) adolescents' willingness and motivation to approach social inclusion and (b) emotion regulation strategies to deal with social exclusion...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491918/the-studying-multiple-outcomes-after-aural-rehabilitative-treatment-study-study-design-and-baseline-results
#6
Lingsheng Li, Caitlin Blake, Yoon Sung, Barnett Shpritz, David Chen, Dane J Genther, Joshua Betz, Frank R Lin
Hearing loss may affect critical domains of health and functioning in older adults. This article describes the rationale and design of the Studying Multiple Outcomes After Aural Rehabilitative Treatment (SMART) study, which was developed to determine to what extent current hearing rehabilitative therapies could mitigate the effects of hearing loss on health outcomes. One hundred and forty-five patients ≥50 years receiving hearing aids (HA) or cochlear implants (CI) were recruited from the Johns Hopkins Department of Otolaryngology-HNS...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487648/regional-brain-volumes-moderate-but-do-not-mediate-the-effects-of-group-based-exercise-training-on-reductions-in-loneliness-in-older-adults
#7
Diane K Ehlers, Ana M Daugherty, Agnieszka Z Burzynska, Jason Fanning, Elizabeth A Awick, Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Arthur F Kramer, Edward McAuley
Introduction: Despite the prevalence of and negative health consequences associated with perceived loneliness in older adults, few studies have examined interactions among behavioral, psychosocial, and neural mechanisms. Research suggests that physical activity and improvements in perceived social support and stress are related to reductions in loneliness. Yet, the influence of brain structure on these changes is unknown. The present study examined whether change in regional brain volume mediated the effects of changes in social support and stress on change in perceived loneliness after an exercise intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397978/-bringing-the-outside-world-in-enriching-social-connection-through-health-student-placements-in-a-teaching-aged-care-facility
#8
Michael J Annear, Kate-Ellen J Elliott, Laura T Tierney, Emma J Lea, Andrew Robinson
BACKGROUND: Older adults living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) often experience limited opportunities for social connection despite close proximity to peers, which has implications for mental health and quality of life (QoL). The introduction of large-scale undergraduate health student placements in RACFs may enhance opportunities for meaningful engagement through social connection, although this remains unexplored. OBJECTIVE: This research explores whether interpersonal encounters between health students and RACF residents influence residents' opportunities for social connection and QoL...
April 11, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396407/life-skills-wealth-health-and-wellbeing-in-later-life
#9
Andrew Steptoe, Jane Wardle
Life skills play a key role in promoting educational and occupational success in early life, but their relevance at older ages is uncertain. Here we measured five life skills-conscientiousness, emotional stability, determination, control, and optimism-in 8,119 men and women aged 52 and older (mean 66.7 y). We show that the number of skills is associated with wealth, income, subjective wellbeing, less depression, low social isolation and loneliness, more close relationships, better self-rated health, fewer chronic diseases and impaired activities of daily living, faster walking speed, and favorable objective biomarkers (concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, vitamin D and C-reactive protein, and less central obesity)...
April 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393460/ageing-out-of-place-the-meaning-of-home-among-hispanic-older-persons-living-in-the-united-states
#10
Alicia Curtin, Diane C Martins, Catharina Gillsjö, Donna Schwartz-Barcott
AIM: To explore the meaning of home among older Hispanic immigrants who are "aging out of place." BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence supports the concept of older persons ageing in place. Nurse researchers have demonstrated that older person who age in place have better physical, psychological and cognitive outcomes. Less, however, is known about older persons who are "aging out of place," meaning out of their country of origin. With the growth of home health care, there is a need to understand the older immigrants' meaning of home when ageing out of their country of origin...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383930/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-adults-psychometric-validation-of-the-adult-concentration-inventory
#11
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Annie A Garner, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Jeffery N Epstein, Erik G Willcutt
As interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) increases, a primary limitation for the field is the lack of a unified set of symptoms for assessing SCT. No existing SCT measure includes all items identified in a recent meta-analysis as optimal for distinguishing between SCT and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) inattention. This study evaluates a new self-report measure for assessing SCT in adulthood, the Adult Concentration Inventory (ACI), which was developed in response to the meta-analytic findings for assessing SCT...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382237/the-pathophysiology-of-perceived-social-isolation-effects-on-health-and-mortality
#12
REVIEW
Adnan Bashir Bhatti, Anwar Ul Haq
Perceived social isolation (PSI) is a deficit in normal human social interaction, which has been associated with negative health outcomes. However, the precise mechanisms through which PSI influences human health are not fully known. This review aims at bringing out what is known about these pathways through which social isolation affects human health. We searched PubMed, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE), Psychological Information Database (PsycINFO), and Cochrane Library in addition to secondary references from primary journal articles for the most relevant and recent information concerning the research topic...
January 24, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374967/meeting-the-needs-perceived-support-of-a-nurse-led-lifestyle-programme-for-young-adults-with-mental-illness-in-a-primary-health-care-setting
#13
Ylva Rönngren, Annette Björk, Lisbeth Kristiansen, David Haage, Ingela Enmarker, Åsa Audulv
Being a young adult with mental illness challenges all aspects of health, including an increased risk for developing lifestyle-related diseases. There is a lack of lifestyle programmes in primary health care that target physical, mental, and social needs for young adults with mental illness. The aim of the present study was to describe the experiences of young adults with mental illness receiving support from a nurse-led lifestyle programme, and how this support was related to their life context, including challenges and coping strategies...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338849/a-preventative-lifestyle-intervention-for-older-adults-lifestyle-matters-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Gail Mountain, Gill Windle, Daniel Hind, Stephen Walters, Anju Keertharuth, Robin Chatters, Kirsty Sprange, Claire Craig, Sarah Cook, Ellen Lee, Tim Chater, R Woods, Louise Newbould, Lauren Powell, Katy Shortland, Jennifer Roberts
Objectives: to test whether an occupation-based lifestyle intervention can sustain and improve the mental well-being of adults aged 65 years or over compared to usual care, using an individually randomised controlled trial. Participants: 288 independently living adults aged 65 years or over, with normal cognition, were recruited from two UK sites between December 2011 and November 2015. Interventions: lifestyle Matters is a National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommended multi-component preventive intervention designed to improve the mental well-being of community living older people at risk of decline...
February 25, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329797/social-connectedness-perceived-isolation-and-dementia-does-the-social-environment-moderate-the-relationship-between-genetic-risk-and-cognitive-well-being
#15
Judith L Poey, Jeffrey A Burr, J Scott Roberts
Purpose of the Study: This study examined whether the social environment moderates the relationship between the APOE e4 allele and cognitive functioning. Design and Methods: The Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study (ADAMS) data and multinomial logistic regression models were used to investigate these relationships for a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults aged 70 and older (n = 779). Results: Living alone (relative risk ratio [RRR] = 5...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298892/maintaining-cognitive-functioning-in-healthy-seniors-with-a-technology-based-foreign-language-program-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#16
Caitlin Ware, Souad Damnee, Leila Djabelkhir, Victoria Cristancho, Ya-Huei Wu, Judith Benovici, Maribel Pino, Anne-Sophie Rigaud
Researchers have hypothesized that learning a foreign language could be beneficial for seniors, as language learning requires the use of extensive neural networks. We developed and qualitatively evaluated an English training program for older French adults; our principal objective was to determine whether a program integrating technology is feasible for this population. We conducted a 4-month pilot study (16, 2-h sessions) with 14 French participants, (nine women, five men, average age 75). Questionnaires were administered pre- and post-intervention to measure cognitive level and subjective feelings of loneliness or social isolation; however, these scores did not improve significantly...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294328/the-longitudinal-association-between-psychological-factors-and-health-care-use
#17
Jens-Oliver Bock, André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVE: Little attention has been given to psychological factors as correlates of health care use, which could be an important key to manage it. We analyzed the association of psychological factors with health care use. DATA SOURCES: Primary data were obtained from three follow-ups (2002, 2008, and 2011) of a large population-based study with participants aged 40+. STUDY DESIGN: Using a longitudinal observational study, we analyzed the psychological factors of negative and positive affect (affective well-being), life satisfaction (cognitive well-being), self-efficacy, loneliness, self-esteem, optimism, and flexible goal adjustment using fixed-effects regressions...
March 15, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282728/profiles-in-emotional-aging-does-age-matter
#18
Igone Etxeberria, Itziar Etxebarria, Elena Urdaneta
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research project was to define emotional profiles in elderly people and to analyze the presence of each one in different age groups (from 65 to 74, 75 to 84, 85 to 94 and 95 to 104). METHOD: The sample group comprised 257 elderly people not suffering from cognitive impairment who were independent in the Basic and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. The following emotional variables were analyzed: positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, loneliness, and regulation strategies...
February 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272198/computer-classes-and-games-in-virtual-reality-environment-to-reduce-loneliness-among-students-of-an-elderly-reference-center-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-cross-over-design
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Acary Souza Bulle de Oliveira, Tania Brusque Crocetta, Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Renata Thais de Almeida Barbosa, Regiani Guarnieri, Thais Massetti, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
INTRODUCTION: Physical and mental changes associated with aging commonly lead to a decrease in communication capacity, reducing social interactions and increasing loneliness. Computer classes for older adults make significant contributions to social and cognitive aspects of aging. Games in a virtual reality (VR) environment stimulate the practice of communicative and cognitive skills and might also bring benefits to older adults. Furthermore, it might help to initiate their contact to the modern technology...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269770/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-and-incident-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-in-community-dwelling-elderly-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#20
Iris Rawtaer, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mei Sian Chong, Wee Shiong Lim, Tih-Shih Lee, Philip Yap, Keng Bee Yap, Tze Pin Ng
BACKGROUND: Indicators of social isolation or support such as living alone, loneliness, being married, and life satisfaction are possible psychosocial risk and protective factors for dementia. OBJECTIVE: We investigate the associations of these overlapping psychosocial factors with incident MCI-dementia (neurocognitive disorder) in a population cohort. METHODS: Using data from 1601 participants of the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study (SLAS) who were free of MCI or dementia at baseline and followed up to 8 years, we estimated hazards ratio (HR) of association of living alone, loneliness, being married, and high life satisfaction with incident MCI-dementia...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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