keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Loneliness cognitive

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397978/-bringing-the-outside-world-in-enriching-social-connection-through-health-student-placements-in-a-teaching-aged-care-facility
#1
Michael J Annear, Kate-Ellen J Elliott, Laura T Tierney, Emma J Lea, Andrew Robinson
BACKGROUND: Older adults living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) often experience limited opportunities for social connection despite close proximity to peers, which has implications for mental health and quality of life (QoL). The introduction of large-scale undergraduate health student placements in RACFs may enhance opportunities for meaningful engagement through social connection, although this remains unexplored. OBJECTIVE: This research explores whether interpersonal encounters between health students and RACF residents influence residents' opportunities for social connection and QoL...
April 11, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396407/life-skills-wealth-health-and-wellbeing-in-later-life
#2
Andrew Steptoe, Jane Wardle
Life skills play a key role in promoting educational and occupational success in early life, but their relevance at older ages is uncertain. Here we measured five life skills-conscientiousness, emotional stability, determination, control, and optimism-in 8,119 men and women aged 52 and older (mean 66.7 y). We show that the number of skills is associated with wealth, income, subjective wellbeing, less depression, low social isolation and loneliness, more close relationships, better self-rated health, fewer chronic diseases and impaired activities of daily living, faster walking speed, and favorable objective biomarkers (concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, vitamin D and C-reactive protein, and less central obesity)...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393460/ageing-out-of-place-the-meaning-of-home-among-hispanic-older-persons-living-in-the-united-states
#3
Alicia Curtin, Diane C Martins, Catharina Gillsjö, Donna Schwartz-Barcott
AIM: To explore the meaning of home among older Hispanic immigrants who are "aging out of place." BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence supports the concept of older persons ageing in place. Nurse researchers have demonstrated that older person who age in place have better physical, psychological and cognitive outcomes. Less, however, is known about older persons who are "aging out of place," meaning out of their country of origin. With the growth of home health care, there is a need to understand the older immigrants' meaning of home when ageing out of their country of origin...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383930/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-adults-psychometric-validation-of-the-adult-concentration-inventory
#4
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Annie A Garner, Matthew A Jarrett, Aaron M Luebbe, Jeffery N Epstein, Erik G Willcutt
As interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) increases, a primary limitation for the field is the lack of a unified set of symptoms for assessing SCT. No existing SCT measure includes all items identified in a recent meta-analysis as optimal for distinguishing between SCT and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) inattention. This study evaluates a new self-report measure for assessing SCT in adulthood, the Adult Concentration Inventory (ACI), which was developed in response to the meta-analytic findings for assessing SCT...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382237/the-pathophysiology-of-perceived-social-isolation-effects-on-health-and-mortality
#5
REVIEW
Adnan Bashir Bhatti, Anwar Ul Haq
Perceived social isolation (PSI) is a deficit in normal human social interaction, which has been associated with negative health outcomes. However, the precise mechanisms through which PSI influences human health are not fully known. This review aims at bringing out what is known about these pathways through which social isolation affects human health. We searched PubMed, Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE), Psychological Information Database (PsycINFO), and Cochrane Library in addition to secondary references from primary journal articles for the most relevant and recent information concerning the research topic...
January 24, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374967/meeting-the-needs-perceived-support-of-a-nurse-led-lifestyle-programme-for-young-adults-with-mental-illness-in-a-primary-health-care-setting
#6
Ylva Rönngren, Annette Björk, Lisbeth Kristiansen, David Haage, Ingela Enmarker, Åsa Audulv
Being a young adult with mental illness challenges all aspects of health, including an increased risk for developing lifestyle-related diseases. There is a lack of lifestyle programmes in primary health care that target physical, mental, and social needs for young adults with mental illness. The aim of the present study was to describe the experiences of young adults with mental illness receiving support from a nurse-led lifestyle programme, and how this support was related to their life context, including challenges and coping strategies...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338849/a-preventative-lifestyle-intervention-for-older-adults-lifestyle-matters-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Gail Mountain, Gill Windle, Daniel Hind, Stephen Walters, Anju Keertharuth, Robin Chatters, Kirsty Sprange, Claire Craig, Sarah Cook, Ellen Lee, Tim Chater, R Woods, Louise Newbould, Lauren Powell, Katy Shortland, Jennifer Roberts
Objectives: to test whether an occupation-based lifestyle intervention can sustain and improve the mental well-being of adults aged 65 years or over compared to usual care, using an individually randomised controlled trial. Participants: 288 independently living adults aged 65 years or over, with normal cognition, were recruited from two UK sites between December 2011 and November 2015. Interventions: lifestyle Matters is a National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommended multi-component preventive intervention designed to improve the mental well-being of community living older people at risk of decline...
February 25, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329797/social-connectedness-perceived-isolation-and-dementia-does-the-social-environment-moderate-the-relationship-between-genetic-risk-and-cognitive-well-being
#8
Judith L Poey, Jeffrey A Burr, J Scott Roberts
Purpose of the Study: This study examined whether the social environment moderates the relationship between the APOE e4 allele and cognitive functioning. Design and Methods: The Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study (ADAMS) data and multinomial logistic regression models were used to investigate these relationships for a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults aged 70 and older (n = 779). Results: Living alone (relative risk ratio [RRR] = 5...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298892/maintaining-cognitive-functioning-in-healthy-seniors-with-a-technology-based-foreign-language-program-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#9
Caitlin Ware, Souad Damnee, Leila Djabelkhir, Victoria Cristancho, Ya-Huei Wu, Judith Benovici, Maribel Pino, Anne-Sophie Rigaud
Researchers have hypothesized that learning a foreign language could be beneficial for seniors, as language learning requires the use of extensive neural networks. We developed and qualitatively evaluated an English training program for older French adults; our principal objective was to determine whether a program integrating technology is feasible for this population. We conducted a 4-month pilot study (16, 2-h sessions) with 14 French participants, (nine women, five men, average age 75). Questionnaires were administered pre- and post-intervention to measure cognitive level and subjective feelings of loneliness or social isolation; however, these scores did not improve significantly...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294328/the-longitudinal-association-between-psychological-factors-and-health-care-use
#10
Jens-Oliver Bock, André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVE: Little attention has been given to psychological factors as correlates of health care use, which could be an important key to manage it. We analyzed the association of psychological factors with health care use. DATA SOURCES: Primary data were obtained from three follow-ups (2002, 2008, and 2011) of a large population-based study with participants aged 40+. STUDY DESIGN: Using a longitudinal observational study, we analyzed the psychological factors of negative and positive affect (affective well-being), life satisfaction (cognitive well-being), self-efficacy, loneliness, self-esteem, optimism, and flexible goal adjustment using fixed-effects regressions...
March 15, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282728/profiles-in-emotional-aging-does-age-matter
#11
Igone Etxeberria, Itziar Etxebarria, Elena Urdaneta
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research project was to define emotional profiles in elderly people and to analyze the presence of each one in different age groups (from 65 to 74, 75 to 84, 85 to 94 and 95 to 104). METHOD: The sample group comprised 257 elderly people not suffering from cognitive impairment who were independent in the Basic and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living. The following emotional variables were analyzed: positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, loneliness, and regulation strategies...
February 17, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272198/computer-classes-and-games-in-virtual-reality-environment-to-reduce-loneliness-among-students-of-an-elderly-reference-center-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-cross-over-design
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Acary Souza Bulle de Oliveira, Tania Brusque Crocetta, Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Renata Thais de Almeida Barbosa, Regiani Guarnieri, Thais Massetti, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
INTRODUCTION: Physical and mental changes associated with aging commonly lead to a decrease in communication capacity, reducing social interactions and increasing loneliness. Computer classes for older adults make significant contributions to social and cognitive aspects of aging. Games in a virtual reality (VR) environment stimulate the practice of communicative and cognitive skills and might also bring benefits to older adults. Furthermore, it might help to initiate their contact to the modern technology...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269770/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-and-incident-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-in-community-dwelling-elderly-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#13
Iris Rawtaer, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mei Sian Chong, Wee Shiong Lim, Tih-Shih Lee, Philip Yap, Keng Bee Yap, Tze Pin Ng
BACKGROUND: Indicators of social isolation or support such as living alone, loneliness, being married, and life satisfaction are possible psychosocial risk and protective factors for dementia. OBJECTIVE: We investigate the associations of these overlapping psychosocial factors with incident MCI-dementia (neurocognitive disorder) in a population cohort. METHODS: Using data from 1601 participants of the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study (SLAS) who were free of MCI or dementia at baseline and followed up to 8 years, we estimated hazards ratio (HR) of association of living alone, loneliness, being married, and high life satisfaction with incident MCI-dementia...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264460/companion-animals-and-child-adolescent-development-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Rebecca Purewal, Robert Christley, Katarzyna Kordas, Carol Joinson, Kerstin Meints, Nancy Gee, Carri Westgarth
Childhood and adolescence are important developmental phases which influence health and well-being across the life span. Social relationships are fundamental to child and adolescent development; yet studies have been limited to children's relationships with other humans. This paper provides an evidence review for the potential associations between pet ownership and emotional; behavioural; cognitive; educational and social developmental outcomes. As the field is in the early stages; a broad set of inclusion criteria was applied...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258607/integrative-review-of-older-adult-loneliness-and-social-isolation-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#15
REVIEW
Valerie A Wright-St Clair, Stephen Neville, Vanessa Forsyth, Lindsey White, Sara Napier
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an integrative review of empirical studies of loneliness for older people in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Loneliness is a risk factor for older people's poor physical and cognitive health, serious illness and mortality. A national survey showed loneliness rates vary by gender and ethnicity. METHODS: A systematic search of health and social science databases was conducted. Of 21 scrutinised articles, nine were eligible for inclusion and subjected to independent quality appraisal...
March 4, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256594/empty-nest-related-psychological-distress-is-associated-with-progression-of-brain-white-matter-lesions-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-elderly
#16
Dandan Duan, Yuanli Dong, Hua Zhang, Yingxin Zhao, Yutao Diao, Yi Cui, Juan Wang, Qiang Chai, Zhendong Liu
This study evaluated the association between empty-nest-related psychological distress and the progression of white matter lesions (WMLs) and cognitive impairment in 219 elderly subjects aged 60 years or over. Psychological distress was assessed using the University of California at Los Angeles Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) Short-Form. Cognitive function was evaluated using the MMSE and MoCA. White matter hyperintensities (WMH) were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging...
March 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254708/the-relationship-between-natural-outdoor-environments-and-cognitive-functioning-and-its-mediators
#17
Wilma L Zijlema, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Graham Smith, Marta Cirach, David Martinez, Payam Dadvand, Mireia Gascon, Marc Jones, Christopher Gidlow, Gemma Hurst, Daniel Masterson, Naomi Ellis, Magdalena van den Berg, Jolanda Maas, Irene van Kamp, Peter van den Hazel, Hanneke Kruize, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Jordi Julvez
BACKGROUND: Urban residents may experience cognitive fatigue and little opportunity for mental restoration due to a lack of access to nature. Natural outdoor environments (NOE) are thought to be beneficial for cognitive functioning, but underlying mechanisms are not clear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term association between NOE and cognitive function, and its potential mediators. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on adult participants of the Positive Health Effects of the Natural Outdoor Environment in Typical Populations in Different Regions in Europe (PHENOTYPE) project...
May 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154893/loneliness-and-depression-in-the-elderly-the-role-of-social-network
#18
Joan Domènech-Abella, Elvira Lara, Maria Rubio-Valera, Beatriz Olaya, Maria Victoria Moneta, Laura Alejandra Rico-Uribe, Jose Luis Ayuso-Mateos, Jordi Mundó, Josep Maria Haro
PURPOSE: Loneliness and depression are associated, in particular in older adults. Less is known about the role of social networks in this relationship. The present study analyzes the influence of social networks in the relationship between loneliness and depression in the older adult population in Spain. METHODS: A population-representative sample of 3535 adults aged 50 years and over from Spain was analyzed. Loneliness was assessed by means of the three-item UCLA Loneliness Scale...
February 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125811/loneliness-in-older-black-adults-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-is-associated-with-poorer-cognition
#19
S Duke Han, Oluwatoyin Adeyemi, Robert S Wilson, Sue Leurgans, Antonio Jimenez, Lawrence Oullet, Raj Shah, Alan Landay, David A Bennett, Lisa L Barnes
BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with cognitive impairment, and loneliness is associated with cognitive decline in old age. Older Black adults with HIV may be at particular risk of loneliness due to stigma and lack of social resources. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypotheses that (1) older Black adults with HIV would show greater loneliness than older White adults with HIV, and (2) greater loneliness among older Black adults with HIV would be associated with poorer cognitive function...
2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095883/moderated-online-social-therapy-for-carers-of-young-people-recovering-from-first-episode-psychosis-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Helen Herrman, Peter Koval, Dina Eleftheriadis, Sarah Bendall, Sue M Cotton, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: First-episode psychosis most often has its onset during late adolescence. In caring for the young person, families endure high levels of stress and depression. Meanwhile, the social networks of families often erode. Our group has previously shown that family cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) leads to significantly improved perceived stress compared with specialist first-episode treatment as usual; however, there are well-known barriers to the dissemination of effective family interventions...
January 17, 2017: Trials
keyword
keyword
103518
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"