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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776774/association-of-disrupted-circadian-rhythmicity-with-mood-disorders-subjective-wellbeing-and-cognitive-function-a-cross-sectional-study-of-91-105-participants-from-the-uk-biobank
#1
Laura M Lyall, Cathy A Wyse, Nicholas Graham, Amy Ferguson, Donald M Lyall, Breda Cullen, Carlos A Celis Morales, Stephany M Biello, Daniel Mackay, Joey Ward, Rona J Strawbridge, Jason M R Gill, Mark E S Bailey, Jill P Pell, Daniel J Smith
BACKGROUND: Disruption of sleep and circadian rhythmicity is a core feature of mood disorders and might be associated with increased susceptibility to such disorders. Previous studies in this area have used subjective reports of activity and sleep patterns, but the availability of accelerometer-based data from UK Biobank participants permits the derivation and analysis of new, objectively ascertained circadian rhythmicity parameters. We examined associations between objectively assessed circadian rhythmicity and mental health and wellbeing phenotypes, including lifetime history of mood disorder...
May 15, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706916/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-adaptive-functions-of-music-listening-scale
#2
Jenny M Groarke, Michael J Hogan
Music listening may serve many adaptive functions in everyday life. However, studies examining the relationship between the functions of music listening (FML) and wellbeing outcomes have produced mixed findings. The purpose of this study is to develop a new measure to assess music listening functions that is psychometrically robust, and suitable for outcomes-based research on music listening and wellbeing. Scale items were developed based on a literature review and a prior qualitative enquiry. The items were reviewed by four content experts in music psychology and scale development...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706910/development-of-an-online-and-offline-integration-hypothesis-for-healthy-internet-use-theory-and-preliminary-evidence
#3
Xiaoyan Lin, Wenliang Su, Marc N Potenza
The Internet has become an integral part of our daily life, and how to make the best use of the Internet is important to both individuals and the society. Based on previous studies, an Online and Offline Integration Hypothesis is proposed to suggest a framework for considering harmonious and balanced Internet use. The Integration Hypothesis proposes that healthier patterns of Internet usage may be achieved through harmonious integration of people's online and offline worlds. An online/offline integration is proposed to unite self-identity, interpersonal relationships, and social functioning with both cognitive and behavioral aspects by following the principles of communication, transfer, consistency, and "offline-first" priorities...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700714/advancing-the-multi-informant-assessment-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-child-self-report-in-relation-to-parent-and-teacher-ratings-of-sct-and-impairment
#4
Belén Sáez, Mateu Servera, G Leonard Burns, Stephen P Becker
Despite increasing interest in sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in children and advancements in its measurement, little research has examined child self-reported SCT. Child self-report of SCT is important for the multi-informant assessment of SCT. The current study used a large, school-based sample of children and a multi-informant design to examine child self-reported SCT using the Child Concentration Inventory - Version 2 (CCI-2) which was recently revised based on meta-analytic findings and parallels the item content of validated parent and teacher rating scales...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659296/mental-health-knowledge-and-training-needs-among-direct-care-workers-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Candace Konnert, Vivian Huang, Barbara Pesut
OBJECTIVES: Direct care providers (DCWs) spend the most time with clients in the home, and as such, play an integral role in identifying mental health problems. However, DCWs receive little preparation in mental health and there is little research regarding their role in the mental health care of clients. The purpose of this study was to explore DCWs' knowledge, attitudes, and experiences of caring for clients with mental health problems from the perspectives of DCWs and key administrators (KAs)...
April 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652773/a-lonely-search-risk-for-depression-when-spirituality-exceeds-religiosity
#6
Jeffrey R Vittengl
This study clarified longitudinal relations of spirituality and religiosity with depression. Spirituality's potential emphasis on internal (e.g., intrapsychic search for meaning) versus religiosity's potential emphasis on external (e.g., engagement in socially-sanctioned belief systems) processes may parallel depression-linked cognitive-behavioral phenomena (e.g., rumination and loneliness) conceptually. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that greater spirituality than religiosity, separate from the overall level of spirituality and religiosity, predicts longitudinal increases in depression...
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627192/why-do-the-very-old-self-harm-a-qualitative-study
#7
Anne P F Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: To examine the perspectives of people aged 80 years or older who self-harmed regarding their reasons for self-harm and its consequences, and their perceptions of care. DESIGN: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews. SETTING: Participants were recruited from two teaching hospitals and associated community services. PARTICIPANTS: People aged 80 years or older who had self-harmed within the previous month...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573219/predicting-loneliness-with-polygenic-scores-of-social-psychological-and-psychiatric-traits
#8
A Abdellaoui, M G Nivard, J-J Hottenga, I Fedko, K J H Verweij, B M L Baselmans, E A Ehli, G E Davies, M Bartels, D I Boomsma, J T Cacioppo
Loneliness is a heritable trait that accompanies multiple disorders. The association between loneliness and mental health indices may partly be due to inherited biological factors. We constructed polygenic scores for 27 traits related to behavior, cognition and mental health and tested their prediction for self-reported loneliness in a population-based sample of 8798 Dutch individuals. Polygenic scores for major depressive disorder (MDD), schizophrenia and bipolar disorder were significantly associated with loneliness...
March 23, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566046/loneliness-in-schizophrenia-construct-clarification-measurement-and-clinical-relevance
#9
Graham M L Eglit, Barton W Palmer, A'verria S Martin, Xin Tu, Dilip V Jeste
Loneliness is a highly prevalent experience in schizophrenia. Theoretical models developed in the general population propose that loneliness is tantamount to a feeling of being unsafe, is accompanied by enhanced environmental threat perception, and leads to poor physical, emotional, and cognitive functioning. Previous research has reported that loneliness is associated with poorer physical and emotional health in schizophrenia; however, few studies have directly compared loneliness and its correlates in persons with schizophrenia and non-psychiatric comparison subjects...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543517/loneliness-and-social-isolation-among-older-adults-in-a-community-exercise-program-a-qualitative-study
#10
Jiyoung Hwang, Lisa Wang, Jodi Siever, Talia Del Medico, Charlotte A Jones
OBJECTIVES: Loneliness and social isolation (L&SI) are associated with physical and cognitive decline in older adults. Walk 'n' Talk for your Life (WTL) is a community-based program of socialization, health education, falls prevention exercise and walking for community-dwelling older adults. This qualitative study was done to gain further insight into the experience and impacts of the WTL on seniors' L&SI. METHODS: One-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen participants who had completed the WTL ...
March 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538489/is-emotional-functioning-related-to-academic-achievement-among-university-students-results-from-a-cross-sectional-iranian-sample
#11
Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Parviz Faraji, Robab Faraji, Undine E Lang, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
OBJECTIVE: Whereas several studies have predicted academic achievement (AA) as a function of favorable cognitive factors and low negative emotional functioning (such as depression and anxiety), little is known about its associations with cognitive-emotional states of positive emotional functioning, such as social satisfaction. The present study sought to evaluate associations of AA with dimensions of negative and positive emotional functioning. METHOD: This cross-sectional study enrolled 275 students (mean age, 21...
March 12, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527082/parental-educational-attainment-and-offspring-subjective-well-being-and-self-beliefs-in-older-adulthood
#12
Angelina R Sutin, Yannick Stephan, Antonio Terracciano
This research examines whether parental educational attainment and subjective childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with adult offspring well-being and self-beliefs (broadly defined). Participants from the Health and Retirement Study were included if they completed the leave-behind questionnaire in 2006 or 2008 ( N =10,827; M age =68.38; SD =9.81; range=50-101). Participants reported on their own and both parents educational attainment, subjective childhood financial situation, and financial difficulties in childhood at study entry and on well-being in 2006/2008...
July 1, 2018: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524907/targeting-the-link-between-loneliness-and-paranoia-via-an-interventionist-causal-model-framework
#13
Anton Gollwitzer, Magdalena Wilczynska, Edo S Jaya
Targeting the antecedents of paranoia may be one potential method to reduce or prevent paranoia. For instance, targeting a potential antecedent of paranoia - loneliness - may reduce paranoia. Our first research question was whether loneliness heightens subclinical paranoia and whether negative affect may mediate this effect. Second, we wondered whether this potential effect could be targeted via two interventionist pathways in line with an interventionist-causal model approach: (1) decreasing loneliness, and (2) intervening on the potential mediator - negative affect...
May 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517399/active-ageing-emotional-care-and-the-threat-of-stigma-identity-management-in-older-adults-using-sleeping-medication-long-term
#14
Georgia Smith, Hannah Farrimond
Amid fears about the medicalisation of old age, the high prevalence of sleeping medication use in older cohorts is a significant public health concern. Long-term use is associated with a plethora of negative effects, such as cognitive impairment and risk of addiction. However, little is known about the lived experience of older adults using sleeping medication longer term. Episodic interviews lasting approximately 90 minutes were conducted with 15 independently living adults, aged 65-88 years, who were using sedative-hypnotic or tricyclic sleeping medication for more than 11 years on average...
March 1, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478390/beyond-circles-of-support-fearless-an-open-peer-to-peer-mutual-support-group-for-sex-offense-registrants-and-their-family-members
#15
Lisa L Sample, Brooke N Cooley, Tusty Ten Bensel
The term sex offender carries expectations that include a continuous level of sexual criminal risk and untreatable mental health conditions that govern sex offending behaviors. These role expectations by the public can socially isolate individuals who have been convicted of a crime and the people who love them. This is likely to contribute to negative self-images that can result in loneliness, isolation, and depression, and, subsequently, contribute to discontinuing support for sex offender's loved ones and reoffending...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447253/combined-impairments-in-vision-hearing-and-cognition-are-associated-with-greater-levels-of-functional-and-communication-difficulties-than-cognitive-impairment-alone-analysis-of-interrai-data-for-home-care-and-long-term-care-recipients-in-ontario
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Dawn M Guthrie, Jacob G S Davidson, Nicole Williams, Jennifer Campos, Kathleen Hunter, Paul Mick, Joseph B Orange, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller, Natalie A Phillips, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Walter Wittich
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the current study was to understand the added effects of having a sensory impairment (vision and/or hearing impairment) in combination with cognitive impairment with respect to health-related outcomes among older adults (65+ years old) receiving home care or residing in a long-term care (LTC) facility in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using existing data collected with one of two interRAI assessments, one for home care (n = 291,824) and one for LTC (n = 110,578)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407356/behavioural-mimicry-and-loneliness-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Sophie Hauschild, Dorina Winter, Janine Thome, Lisa Liebke, Christian Schmahl, Martin Bohus, Stefanie Lis
INTRODUCTION: Interpersonal problems together with feelings of intense loneliness constitute a core symptom domain in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Mimicry is one social behaviour that serves the forming of social affiliation and building a sense of belonging. In the present study, we investigated whether behavioural mimicry is altered in BPD and whether it is linked to the patient's feeling of loneliness. METHODS: Individuals with BPD (N = 26) and healthy participants (HC, N = 25) performed a finger tapping task with a congruent or incongruent finger movement displayed preceding the presentation of the task relevant stimulus...
April 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407289/efficacy-of-the-i-social-intervention-for-loneliness-in-old-age-lessons-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Haim Hazan, Yaffa Lerman, Vera Shalom, Shlomo Birkenfeld, Rinat Cohen
Loneliness is common among older persons and is associated with adverse health and wellbeing outcomes. We investigated a theory-based intervention that addresses barriers to social contacts and aims at increasing social self-efficacy. Individuals that met pre-assessment criteria of cognitive function, physical health, and loneliness levels were randomly assigned either to the I-SOCIAL intervention that combined both individual and group sessions to address individuals' unique social challenges, or to the control group...
April 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372603/information-processing-speed-as-a-mediator-between-psychosocial-stress-and-global-cognition-in-older-adults
#19
Hui F Foong, Tengku A Hamid, Rahimah Ibrahim, Sharifah A Haron
BACKGROUND: The link between psychosocial stress and cognitive function is complex, and previous studies have indicated that it may be mediated by processing speed. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to examine whether processing speed mediates the association between psychosocial stress and global cognition in older adults. Moreover, the moderating role of gender in this model is examined as well. METHODS: The study included 2322 community-dwelling older adults in Malaysia who were randomly selected through a multistage proportional cluster random sampling technique...
January 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358266/associations-between-sensory-loss-and-social-networks-participation-support-and-loneliness-analysis-of-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#20
Paul Mick, Maksim Parfyonov, Walter Wittich, Natalie Phillips, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
OBJECTIVE: To determine if hearing loss, vision loss, and dual sensory loss were associated with social network diversity, social participation, availability of social support, and loneliness, respectively, in a population-based sample of older Canadians and to determine whether age or sex modified the associations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: The sample included 21 241 participants in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging tracking cohort...
January 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
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