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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909161/test-of-a-social-cognitive-model-of-well-being-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#1
Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Robert W Lent, Brooke Lamphere
Given the potentially long-standing emotional impact of breast cancer, theoretical models are needed to identify critical resources and coping strategies that optimize survivors' long-term adjustment. This study tested a model of well-being recovery with breast cancer survivors at 4 years post-treatment. Structural equation modeling was used to examine relationships between affect, loneliness, self-compassion, self-efficacy for coping with cancer, well-being, and life satisfaction. Two model variations offered good fit to the data, accounting for large portions of the variance in well-being and life satisfaction...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891107/internet-communication-disorder-it-s-a-matter-of-social-aspects-coping-and-internet-use-expectancies
#2
Elisa Wegmann, Matthias Brand
Online communication applications such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter are some of the most frequently used Internet applications. There is a growing amount of individuals suffering diminished control over their use of online communication applications which leads to diverse negative consequences in offline life. This could be referred to as Internet-communication disorder (ICD). The current study investigates the role of individual characteristics (e.g., psychopathological symptoms, feelings of loneliness) and specific cognitions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887583/impact-of-physical-and-mental-health-on-life-satisfaction-in-old-age-a-population-based-observational-study
#3
Thomas Puvill, Jolanda Lindenberg, Antonius J M de Craen, Joris P J Slaets, Rudi G J Westendorp
BACKGROUND: It is widely assumed that poor health lowers life satisfaction when ageing. Yet, research suggests this relationship is not straightforward. This study investigated how older people evaluate their life when facing disease and disabilities. METHODS: The Leiden 85-plus Study, a prospectively followed cohort of a cohort of a middle-sized city in the Netherlands, all aged 85 years, that was age-representative of the general population, was used. Those with severe cognitive dysfunction were excluded (n = 501)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859762/death-wishes-among-older-people-assessed-for-home-support-and-long-term-aged-residential-care
#4
Gary Cheung, Siobhan Edwards, Frederick Sundram
OBJECTIVE: Death wishes in older people are common and may progress to suicidal ideation and attempts. This study used routinely collected data from the interRAI Home Care assessment to examine the prevalence and clinical predictors of death wishes in older New Zealanders assessed for home support and long-term aged residential care. METHODS: Data were collected from 35 734 people aged over 65 during 2012-2014. Chi-squared analyses were used to determine significant relationships between the presence of death wishes and demographic factors, health and functional status, and emotional and psychosocial well-being...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844461/antecedents-of-suicide-among-youth-aged-11-15-a-multistate-mixed-methods-analysis
#5
Kristin M Holland, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Joseph E Logan, Ruth W Leemis
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for youth aged 11 to 15, taking over 5,500 lives from 2003 to 2014. Suicide among this age group is linked to risk factors such as mental health problems, family history of suicidal behavior, biological factors, family problems, and peer victimization and bullying. However, few studies have examined the frequency with which such problems occur among youth suicide decedents or the context in which decedents experience these risk factors and the complex interplay of risk that results in a decedent's decision to take his/her own life...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834499/-i-had-a-sort-of-epiphany-an-exploratory-study-of-group-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-older-people-with-depression
#6
Caroline M Williams, Frances Meeten, Susan Whiting
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been successful in reducing depressive symptoms in people with chronic-recurrent depression. However, the research evaluating the efficacy of this approach, and other innovative treatments for mood disorders, has mainly been with people under 65 years. This paper aims to help redress this imbalance by exploring older people's own reflections of their experience of MBCT. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used to explore 13 participants' experiences of MBCT; participants were interviewed pre and post-intervention and again after six months...
November 11, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832342/prevalence-and-clinical-differences-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-youth-receiving-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety
#7
Nicole M McBride, Carly Johnco, Alison Salloum, Adam B Lewin, Eric A Storch
This study examined the incidence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in youth with anxiety before initiating cognitive behavioral therapy, as well as the emergence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment. Overall, 30% of youth experienced suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Prior to treatment, 24% reported suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and 13.1% endorsed suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment. More than half who endorsed suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment were newly identified cases not detected prior to treatment...
November 10, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831482/a-social-model-of-loneliness-the-roles-of-disability-social-resources-and-cognitive-impairment
#8
Vanessa Burholt, Gill Windle, Deborah J Morgan
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: We consider the points at which cognitive impairment may impact on the pathway to loneliness for older people, through impeding social interaction with family and friends, or by interfering with judgments concerning satisfaction with relationships. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conceptualize a mediation model anticipating that social resources (LSNS-6) will mediate the pathway between disability (Townsend Disability Scale) and loneliness (De Jong Gierveld 6-item scale) and a moderated-mediation model in which we hypothesize that cognitive impairment (MMSE) will moderate the association between disability and social resources and between social resources and loneliness...
November 9, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806159/association-of-higher-cortical-amyloid-burden-with-loneliness-in-cognitively-normal-older-adults
#9
Nancy J Donovan, Olivia I Okereke, Patrizia Vannini, Rebecca E Amariglio, Dorene M Rentz, Gad A Marshall, Keith A Johnson, Reisa A Sperling
Importance: Emotional and behavioral symptoms in cognitively normal older people may be direct manifestations of Alzheimer disease (AD) pathophysiology at the preclinical stage, prior to the onset of mild cognitive impairment. Loneliness is a perceived state of social and emotional isolation that has been associated with cognitive and functional decline and an increased risk of incident AD dementia. We hypothesized that loneliness might occur in association with elevated cortical amyloid burden, an in vivo research biomarker of AD...
November 2, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775405/bored-in-the-usa-experience-sampling-and-boredom-in-everyday-life
#10
Alycia Chin, Amanda Markey, Saurabh Bhargava, Karim S Kassam, George Loewenstein
We report new evidence on the emotional, demographic, and situational correlates of boredom from a rich experience sample capturing 1.1 million emotional and time-use reports from 3,867 U.S. adults. Subjects report boredom in 2.8% of the 30-min sampling periods, and 63% of participants report experiencing boredom at least once across the 10-day sampling period. We find that boredom is more likely to co-occur with negative, rather than positive, emotions, and is particularly predictive of loneliness, anger, sadness, and worry...
October 24, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766765/individual-differences-in-positive-and-negative-emotion-regulation-which-strategies-explain-variability-in-loneliness
#11
Sinead M Kearns, Ann-Marie Creaven
Loneliness is the distressing feeling accompanying the perception that one's social needs are not being met by one's social relationships. Conceptual models point to a role for cognitive factors in this experience. Because research on determinants of loneliness is sparse, this study investigates associations between individual differences in emotion regulation (ER) and loneliness. Participants (N = 116) completed measures of loneliness, and a vignette-based measure of adaptive and maladaptive ER in response to positive and negative scenarios...
October 20, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721059/loneliness-in-schizophrenia-and-its-possible-correlates-an-exploratory-study
#12
Fabien Trémeau, Daniel Antonius, Dolores Malaspina, Donald C Goff, Daniel C Javitt
Social attachment is a biological and affective need. When this need is not met, people experience loneliness. Loneliness is associated with impaired social cognition, and is a risk factor for broad based morbidity across the adult lifespan even after controlling for multiple factors. However, little is known about loneliness in schizophrenia. Eighty-seven non-depressed individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (including 51 inpatients) and 58 control subjects completed the revised UCLA Loneliness scale...
September 26, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664824/perceived-social-isolation-is-associated-with-altered-functional-connectivity-in-neural-networks-associated-with-tonic-alertness-and-executive-control
#13
Elliot A Layden, John T Cacioppo, Stephanie Cacioppo, Stefano F Cappa, Alessandra Dodich, Andrea Falini, Nicola Canessa
Perceived social isolation (PSI), colloquially known as loneliness, is associated with selectively altered attentional, cognitive, and affective processes in humans, but the neural mechanisms underlying these adjustments remain largely unexplored. Behavioral, eye tracking, and neuroimaging research has identified associations between PSI and implicit hypervigilance for social threats. Additionally, selective executive dysfunction has been evidenced by reduced prepotent response inhibition in social Stroop and dichotic listening tasks...
September 21, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648986/interactions-with-robots-the-truths-we-reveal-about-ourselves
#14
Elizabeth Broadbent
In movies, robots are often extremely humanlike. Although these robots are not yet reality, robots are currently being used in health care, education, and business. Robots provide benefits such as relieving loneliness and enabling communication. Engineers are trying to build robots that look and behave like humans and thus need comprehensive knowledge not only of technology but also of human cognition, emotion, and behavior. This need is driving engineers to study human behavior toward other humans and toward robots, leading to greater understanding of how humans think, feel, and behave in these contexts, including our tendencies for mindless social behaviors, anthropomorphism, uncanny feelings toward robots, and the formation of emotional attachments...
September 14, 2016: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601066/perceived-loneliness-and-general-cognitive-status-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-moderating-influence-of-depression
#15
Charlene L M Lam, Junhong Yu, Tatia M C Lee
The relationship between depression, loneliness, and cognitive functioning among the elderly is not well understood in the literature. In the present study, we tested the moderating influence of depressive symptoms on loneliness and cognitive functioning. We recruited 100 community-dwelling older adults in Hong Kong. Demographic information, perceived loneliness, depressed mood, and general cognitive status were assessed. Results indicated that married participants reported lower levels of perceived loneliness (t (96) = 2...
September 7, 2016: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580673/physical-activity-mind-wandering-affect-and-sleep-an-ecological-momentary-assessment
#16
Jason Fanning, Michael Mackenzie, Sarah Roberts, Ines Crato, Diane Ehlers, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: A considerable portion of daily thought is spent in mind wandering. This behavior has been related to positive (eg, future planning, problem solving) and negative (eg, unhappiness, impaired cognitive performance) outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Based on previous research suggesting future-oriented (ie, prospective) mind wandering may support autobiographical planning and self-regulation, this study examined associations between hourly mind wandering and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and the impact of affect and daily sleep on these relations...
August 31, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574577/a-smart-home-system-to-unobtrusively-and-continuously-assess-loneliness-in-older-adults
#17
Johanna Austin, Hiroko H Dodge, Thomas Riley, Peter G Jacobs, Stephen Thielke, Jeffrey Kaye
Loneliness is a common condition in older adults and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, decreased sleep quality, and increased risk of cognitive decline. Assessing loneliness in older adults is challenging due to the negative desirability biases associated with being lonely. Thus, it is necessary to develop more objective techniques to assess loneliness in older adults. In this paper, we describe a system to measure loneliness by assessing in-home behavior using wireless motion and contact sensors, phone monitors, and computer software as well as algorithms developed to assess key behaviors of interest...
2016: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555831/down-with-retirement-implications-of-embodied-cognition-for-healthy-aging
#18
Bernhard Hommel, Armin Kibele
Cognitive and neurocognitive approaches to human healthy aging attribute age-related decline to the biologically caused loss of cognitive-control functions. However, an embodied-cognition approach to aging implies a more interactive view according to which cognitive control emerges from, and relies on a person's active encounters with his or her physical and social environment. We argue that the availability of cognitive-control resources does not only rely on biological processes but also on the degree of active maintenance, that is, on the systematic use of the available control resources...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471215/how-trained-volunteers-can-improve-the-quality-of-hospital-care-for-older-patients-a-qualitative-evaluation-within-the-hospital-elder-life-program-help
#19
B Steunenberg, R C van der Mast, M J Strijbos, S K Inouye, M J Schuurmans
The aim of this study was to investigate, using a mixed-methods design, the added value of a trained Hospital Elder Life Program (HELP) volunteer to the quality of hospital care in the Netherlands. The trained volunteers daily stimulate older patients, at risk of a delirium, to eat, to drink, and to exercise, and they provide walking assistance and cognitive stimulation. This study showed that each group appreciated the extra attention and service from the volunteers. The positive effect on feelings of loneliness during the hospital stay was an unexpected outcome...
July 26, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451429/social-adversity-and-psychosis-the-mediating-role-of-cognitive-vulnerability
#20
Edo S Jaya, Leonie Ascone, Tania M Lincoln
BACKGROUND: Social adversity is a risk factor for psychosis, but the translating mechanisms are not well understood. This study tests whether the relationship between social adversity and psychosis is mediated by cognitive vulnerability in the form of low perceived social rank, negative schemas related to self and other, and loneliness and whether the putative mediations are specific to psychosis or are largely explained by depression. METHODS: The study was a survey in a community sample (N = 2350) from Germany (n = 786), Indonesia (n = 844), and the United States (n = 720)...
July 22, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
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