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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095883/moderated-online-social-therapy-for-carers-of-young-people-recovering-from-first-episode-psychosis-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Helen Herrman, Peter Koval, Dina Eleftheriadis, Sarah Bendall, Sue M Cotton, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: First-episode psychosis most often has its onset during late adolescence. In caring for the young person, families endure high levels of stress and depression. Meanwhile, the social networks of families often erode. Our group has previously shown that family cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) leads to significantly improved perceived stress compared with specialist first-episode treatment as usual; however, there are well-known barriers to the dissemination of effective family interventions...
January 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092774/the-lonely-road-to-paranoia-a-path-analytic-investigation-of-loneliness-and-paranoia
#2
Fabian Lamster, Tania M Lincoln, Clara M Nittel, Winfried Rief, Stephanie Mehl
Loneliness and paranoia are related, but the mechanisms that link them to each other remain unclear. Systematic reviews on loneliness propose a social-cognitive model in which loneliness leads to negative evaluations of other persons and a lack of interpersonal trust. However, the data discussed in these reviews are based on healthy individuals. Building on this model, the present study investigated 1) whether negative interpersonal schemata mediate the association between loneliness and paranoia and 2) whether a low level of perceived social support and less frequent social contact are related to loneliness...
January 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040344/-other-care-in-parkinson-s-disease-psychological-rehabilitation-therapeutic-education-and-new-technologies
#3
Julia Dupouy, Fabienne Ory-Magne, Christine Brefel-Courbon
Diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is often traumatic. It is then important to organize this announcement in order to support the patient in this major step of his care course. Anxiety and depression are present in about 50% of PD patients. Besides pharmacological treatment, cognitive-behavioral therapy induces improvement in anxio-depressive symptoms. We have to promote physical activity for PD patients, from the beginning of the disease, because it prevents from deconditioning, improves motor and non-motor symptoms, quality of life, and decreases loneliness...
December 28, 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030741/effects-of-contemplative-dyads-on-engagement-and-perceived-social-connectedness-over-9-months-of-mental-training-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Bethany E Kok, Tania Singer
Importance: Loneliness is a risk factor for depression and other illnesses and may be caused and reinforced by maladaptive social cognition. Secularized classical meditation training programs address social cognition, but practice typically occurs alone. Little is known about the effectiveness of contemplative practice performed in dyads. Objective: To introduce and assess the effectiveness of contemplative dyadic practices relative to classical-solitary meditation with regard to engagement and perceived social connectedness...
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028687/internet-gamblers-differ-on-social-variables-a-latent-class-analysis
#5
Yasser Khazaal, Anne Chatton, Sophia Achab, Gregoire Monney, Gabriel Thorens, Magali Dufour, Daniele Zullino, Stephane Rothen
Online gambling has gained popularity in the last decade, leading to an important shift in how consumers engage in gambling and in the factors related to problem gambling and prevention. Indebtedness and loneliness have previously been associated with problem gambling. The current study aimed to characterize online gamblers in relation to indebtedness, loneliness, and several in-game social behaviors. The data set was obtained from 584 Internet gamblers recruited online through gambling websites and forums...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909161/test-of-a-social-cognitive-model-of-well-being-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#6
Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Robert W Lent, Brooke Lamphere
Given the potentially long-standing emotional impact of breast cancer, theoretical models are needed to identify critical resources and coping strategies that optimize survivors' long-term adjustment. This study tested a model of well-being recovery with breast cancer survivors at 4 years post-treatment. Structural equation modeling was used to examine relationships between affect, loneliness, self-compassion, self-efficacy for coping with cancer, well-being, and life satisfaction. Two model variations offered good fit to the data, accounting for large portions of the variance in well-being and life satisfaction...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891107/internet-communication-disorder-it-s-a-matter-of-social-aspects-coping-and-internet-use-expectancies
#7
Elisa Wegmann, Matthias Brand
Online communication applications such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter are some of the most frequently used Internet applications. There is a growing amount of individuals suffering diminished control over their use of online communication applications which leads to diverse negative consequences in offline life. This could be referred to as Internet-communication disorder (ICD). The current study investigates the role of individual characteristics (e.g., psychopathological symptoms, feelings of loneliness) and specific cognitions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887583/impact-of-physical-and-mental-health-on-life-satisfaction-in-old-age-a-population-based-observational-study
#8
Thomas Puvill, Jolanda Lindenberg, Antonius J M de Craen, Joris P J Slaets, Rudi G J Westendorp
BACKGROUND: It is widely assumed that poor health lowers life satisfaction when ageing. Yet, research suggests this relationship is not straightforward. This study investigated how older people evaluate their life when facing disease and disabilities. METHODS: The Leiden 85-plus Study, a prospectively followed cohort of a cohort of a middle-sized city in the Netherlands, all aged 85 years, that was age-representative of the general population, was used. Those with severe cognitive dysfunction were excluded (n = 501)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859762/death-wishes-among-older-people-assessed-for-home-support-and-long-term-aged-residential-care
#9
Gary Cheung, Siobhan Edwards, Frederick Sundram
OBJECTIVE: Death wishes in older people are common and may progress to suicidal ideation and attempts. This study used routinely collected data from the interRAI Home Care assessment to examine the prevalence and clinical predictors of death wishes in older New Zealanders assessed for home support and long-term aged residential care. METHODS: Data were collected from 35 734 people aged over 65 during 2012-2014. Chi-squared analyses were used to determine significant relationships between the presence of death wishes and demographic factors, health and functional status, and emotional and psychosocial well-being...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844461/antecedents-of-suicide-among-youth-aged-11-15-a-multistate-mixed-methods-analysis
#10
Kristin M Holland, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Joseph E Logan, Ruth W Leemis
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for youth aged 11 to 15, taking over 5,500 lives from 2003 to 2014. Suicide among this age group is linked to risk factors such as mental health problems, family history of suicidal behavior, biological factors, family problems, and peer victimization and bullying. However, few studies have examined the frequency with which such problems occur among youth suicide decedents or the context in which decedents experience these risk factors and the complex interplay of risk that results in a decedent's decision to take his/her own life...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834499/-i-had-a-sort-of-epiphany-an-exploratory-study-of-group-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-older-people-with-depression
#11
Caroline M Williams, Frances Meeten, Susan Whiting
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been successful in reducing depressive symptoms in people with chronic-recurrent depression. However, the research evaluating the efficacy of this approach, and other innovative treatments for mood disorders, has mainly been with people under 65 years. This paper aims to help redress this imbalance by exploring older people's own reflections of their experience of MBCT. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used to explore 13 participants' experiences of MBCT; participants were interviewed pre and post-intervention and again after six months...
November 11, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832342/prevalence-and-clinical-differences-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-youth-receiving-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety
#12
Nicole M McBride, Carly Johnco, Alison Salloum, Adam B Lewin, Eric A Storch
This study examined the incidence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in youth with anxiety before initiating cognitive behavioral therapy, as well as the emergence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment. Overall, 30% of youth experienced suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Prior to treatment, 24% reported suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and 13.1% endorsed suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment. More than half who endorsed suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment were newly identified cases not detected prior to treatment...
November 10, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831482/a-social-model-of-loneliness-the-roles-of-disability-social-resources-and-cognitive-impairment
#13
Vanessa Burholt, Gill Windle, Deborah J Morgan
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: We consider the points at which cognitive impairment may impact on the pathway to loneliness for older people, through impeding social interaction with family and friends, or by interfering with judgments concerning satisfaction with relationships. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conceptualize a mediation model anticipating that social resources (LSNS-6) will mediate the pathway between disability (Townsend Disability Scale) and loneliness (De Jong Gierveld 6-item scale) and a moderated-mediation model in which we hypothesize that cognitive impairment (MMSE) will moderate the association between disability and social resources and between social resources and loneliness...
November 9, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806159/association-of-higher-cortical-amyloid-burden-with-loneliness-in-cognitively-normal-older-adults
#14
Nancy J Donovan, Olivia I Okereke, Patrizia Vannini, Rebecca E Amariglio, Dorene M Rentz, Gad A Marshall, Keith A Johnson, Reisa A Sperling
Importance: Emotional and behavioral symptoms in cognitively normal older people may be direct manifestations of Alzheimer disease (AD) pathophysiology at the preclinical stage, prior to the onset of mild cognitive impairment. Loneliness is a perceived state of social and emotional isolation that has been associated with cognitive and functional decline and an increased risk of incident AD dementia. We hypothesized that loneliness might occur in association with elevated cortical amyloid burden, an in vivo research biomarker of AD...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775405/bored-in-the-usa-experience-sampling-and-boredom-in-everyday-life
#15
Alycia Chin, Amanda Markey, Saurabh Bhargava, Karim S Kassam, George Loewenstein
We report new evidence on the emotional, demographic, and situational correlates of boredom from a rich experience sample capturing 1.1 million emotional and time-use reports from 3,867 U.S. adults. Subjects report boredom in 2.8% of the 30-min sampling periods, and 63% of participants report experiencing boredom at least once across the 10-day sampling period. We find that boredom is more likely to co-occur with negative, rather than positive, emotions, and is particularly predictive of loneliness, anger, sadness, and worry...
October 24, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766765/individual-differences-in-positive-and-negative-emotion-regulation-which-strategies-explain-variability-in-loneliness
#16
Sinead M Kearns, Ann-Marie Creaven
Loneliness is the distressing feeling accompanying the perception that one's social needs are not being met by one's social relationships. Conceptual models point to a role for cognitive factors in this experience. Because research on determinants of loneliness is sparse, this study investigates associations between individual differences in emotion regulation (ER) and loneliness. Participants (N = 116) completed measures of loneliness, and a vignette-based measure of adaptive and maladaptive ER in response to positive and negative scenarios...
October 20, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721059/loneliness-in-schizophrenia-and-its-possible-correlates-an-exploratory-study
#17
Fabien Trémeau, Daniel Antonius, Dolores Malaspina, Donald C Goff, Daniel C Javitt
Social attachment is a biological and affective need. When this need is not met, people experience loneliness. Loneliness is associated with impaired social cognition, and is a risk factor for broad based morbidity across the adult lifespan even after controlling for multiple factors. However, little is known about loneliness in schizophrenia. Eighty-seven non-depressed individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (including 51 inpatients) and 58 control subjects completed the revised UCLA Loneliness scale...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664824/perceived-social-isolation-is-associated-with-altered-functional-connectivity-in-neural-networks-associated-with-tonic-alertness-and-executive-control
#18
Elliot A Layden, John T Cacioppo, Stephanie Cacioppo, Stefano F Cappa, Alessandra Dodich, Andrea Falini, Nicola Canessa
Perceived social isolation (PSI), colloquially known as loneliness, is associated with selectively altered attentional, cognitive, and affective processes in humans, but the neural mechanisms underlying these adjustments remain largely unexplored. Behavioral, eye tracking, and neuroimaging research has identified associations between PSI and implicit hypervigilance for social threats. Additionally, selective executive dysfunction has been evidenced by reduced prepotent response inhibition in social Stroop and dichotic listening tasks...
January 15, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648986/interactions-with-robots-the-truths-we-reveal-about-ourselves
#19
Elizabeth Broadbent
In movies, robots are often extremely humanlike. Although these robots are not yet reality, robots are currently being used in health care, education, and business. Robots provide benefits such as relieving loneliness and enabling communication. Engineers are trying to build robots that look and behave like humans and thus need comprehensive knowledge not only of technology but also of human cognition, emotion, and behavior. This need is driving engineers to study human behavior toward other humans and toward robots, leading to greater understanding of how humans think, feel, and behave in these contexts, including our tendencies for mindless social behaviors, anthropomorphism, uncanny feelings toward robots, and the formation of emotional attachments...
September 14, 2016: Annual Review of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601066/perceived-loneliness-and-general-cognitive-status-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-moderating-influence-of-depression
#20
Charlene L M Lam, Junhong Yu, Tatia M C Lee
The relationship between depression, loneliness, and cognitive functioning among the elderly is not well understood in the literature. In the present study, we tested the moderating influence of depressive symptoms on loneliness and cognitive functioning. We recruited 100 community-dwelling older adults in Hong Kong. Demographic information, perceived loneliness, depressed mood, and general cognitive status were assessed. Results indicated that married participants reported lower levels of perceived loneliness (t (96) = 2...
September 7, 2016: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
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