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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913913/development-of-the-cancer-related-loneliness-assessment-tool-using-the-findings-of-a-qualitative-analysis-to-generate-questionnaire-items
#1
K B Cunningham, T Kroll, M Wells
The aim of this research was to develop a tool to identify and assess the qualities of cancer-related loneliness in adult cancer survivors who have completed treatment. In addition to reporting the development of the tool, we explicate the process of using the findings of a qualitative analysis to generate questionnaire items, as currently little guidance exists on this topic. The findings of our qualitative research exploring the experience of loneliness in adult cancer survivors who had completed treatment, together with the findings of our concept analysis of loneliness, were used to develop an assessment tool for cancer-related loneliness following treatment completion...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895503/needs-assessment-with-elder-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-implications-for-services-and-interventions
#2
Zeina Chemali, Christina P C Borba, Kelsey Johnson, Sama Khair, Gregory L Fricchione
Currently, over 1 million Syrian and Palestinian refugees have fled Syria to take refuge in Lebanon. Among this vulnerable population, elder refugees warrant particular concern, as they shoulder a host of additional health and safety issues that require additional resources. However, the specific needs of elder refugees are often overlooked, especially during times of crisis. Our study used a semi-structured interview to survey the needs of elder refugees and understand their perceived support from Lebanese fieldworkers...
September 12, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862676/problems-in-classifying-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-one-or-multiple-syndromes
#3
María Del Carmen Díaz-Mardomingo, Sara García-Herranz, Raquel Rodríguez-Fernández, César Venero, Herminia Peraita
As the conceptual, methodological, and technological advances applied to dementias have evolved the construct of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), one problem encountered has been its classification into subtypes. Here, we aim to revise the concept of MCI and its subtypes, addressing the problems of classification not only from the psychometric point of view or by using alternative methods, such as latent class analysis, but also considering the absence of normative data. In addition to the well-known influence of certain factors on cognitive function, such as educational level and cultural traits, recent studies highlight the relevance of other factors that may significantly affect the genesis and evolution of MCI: subjective memory complaints, loneliness, social isolation, etc...
September 1, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854882/a-four-domain-approach-of-frailty-explored-in-the-doetinchem-cohort-study
#4
Sandra H van Oostrom, Daphne L van der A, M Liset Rietman, H Susan J Picavet, Manon Lette, W M Monique Verschuren, Simone R de Bruin, Annemieke M W Spijkerman
BACKGROUND: Accumulation of problems in physical, psychological, cognitive, or social functioning is characteristic for frail individuals. Using a four-domain approach of frailty, this study explored how sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, life events and health are associated with frailty. METHODS: The study sample included 4019 men and women (aged 40-81 years) examined during the fifth round (2008-2012) of the Doetinchem Cohort Study. Four domains of frailty were considered: physical (≥4 of 8 criteria: unintentional weight loss, exhaustion, strength, perceived health, walking, balance, hearing and vision impairments), psychological (2 criteria: depressive symptoms, mental health), cognitive (<10th percentile on global cognitive functioning), and social frailty (≥2 of 3 criteria: loneliness, social support, social participation)...
August 30, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805100/older-adults-with-a-combination-of-vision-and-hearing-impairment-experience-higher-rates-of-cognitive-impairment-functional-dependence-and-worse-outcomes-across-a-set-of-quality-indicators
#5
Jacob G S Davidson, Dawn M Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: Hearing and vision impairment were examined across several health-related outcomes and across a set of quality indicators (QIs) in home care clients with both vision and hearing loss (or dual sensory impairment [DSI]). METHOD: Data collected using the Resident Assessment Instrument for Home Care (RAI-HC) were analyzed in a sample of older home care clients. The QIs represent the proportion of clients experiencing negative outcomes (e.g., falls, social isolation)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769852/loneliness-in-relation-to-depression-the-moderating-influence-of-a-polymorphism-of-the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-on-self-efficacy-and-coping-strategies
#6
Marc Bedard, Robbie Woods, Carly Crump, Hymie Anisman
Disturbances of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling, which may occur among those with a polymorphism of the Val66Met gene, comprising a Met substitution for the Val allele, may be associated with depressive cognitions. However, presumed elevated BDNF levels among individuals with the Val/Val genotype, might confer increased responsivity to contextual challenges, thus fostering vulnerability to depression. In Study 1, among undergraduate students (N = 252), increased loneliness perceptions were accompanied with depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736541/hallucinations-in-healthy-older-adults-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-perspectives-for-future-research
#7
REVIEW
Johanna C Badcock, Hedwige Dehon, Frank Larøi
KEY POINTS ➢ Studies suggest a substantial minority of healthy older adults have hallucinatory experiences, in line with existing evidence on hallucinations in other age groups, though it is still unclear if hallucination prevalence increases or declines with age in older cohorts.➢ Stigma attached to both hallucinations and ageing leads to considerable under-reporting of these experiences in healthy older adults and may negatively bias how professionals, family members, and the public respond.➢ Why and when hallucinations in healthy older adults remit, persist, or progress to other clinical disorders remains poorly understood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692781/depression-as-a-risk-factor-of-organic-diseases-an-international-integrative-review
#8
Teodora Bica, Ruth Castelló, Loren L Toussaint, Pilar Montesó-Curto
PURPOSE AND DESIGN: This integrative review offers a systematic synthesis of the international literature regarding the role of depression as a risk factor in physical illnesses and the mechanisms of this connection. Special attention is paid to those modifiable factors. FINDINGS: Published studies of depression and physical illness and disease(N = 24) from five countries that were indexed in PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), APA PsycNET, Scopus, Dialnet, and CUIDEN were examined...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682784/the-theoretical-underpinnings-of-internet-addiction-and-its-association-with-psychopathology-in-adolescence
#9
Shawn Taylor, Sirirada Pattara-Angkoon, Schwanagorn Sirirat, Damith Woods
This paper reviews the psychological and theoretical underpinnings that might help to explain the reported relationship between Internet addiction (IA) and psychopathology in both children and adolescents. Drawing on cognitive-behavioural models and social-skills theory, IA shows a strong relationship with depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and time spent using the Internet use. Mixed findings are reported for social anxiety. Loneliness and hostility were also found to be associated with IA...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658937/loneliness-social-integration-and-incident-dementia-over-6-years-prospective-findings-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#10
Snorri Bjorn Rafnsson, Martin Orrell, Eleonora d'Orsi, Eef Hogervorst, Andrew Steptoe
Objectives: Social relationships are important for the maintenance of cognitive function at older ages, with both objective features of social networks and perceived social connections (loneliness) being relevant. There is limited evidence about how different aspects of social experience predict diagnosed dementia. Methods: The sample comprised 6,677 dementia-free individuals at baseline (2004) from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Baseline information on loneliness, number of close relationships, marital status, and social isolation (contact with family and friends and participation in organizations) was analyzed in relation to incident dementia over an average 6...
June 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637195/at-issue-social-disconnection-in-schizophrenia-and-the-general-community
#11
Michael F Green, William P Horan, Junghee Lee, Amanda McCleery, L Felice Reddy, Jonathan K Wynn
Social disability is a defining characteristic of schizophrenia and a substantial public health problem. It has several components that are difficult to disentangle. One component, social disconnection, occurs extensively in the general community among nonhelp-seeking individuals. Social disconnection is an objective, long-standing lack of social/family relationships and minimal participation in social activities. It is associated with negative health effects, including early mortality, and is distinct from subjective loneliness...
June 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626828/contribution-of-risk-factors-to-excess-mortality-in-isolated-and-lonely-individuals-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-uk-biobank-cohort-study
#12
Marko Elovainio, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Marianna Virtanen, Kim Josefsson, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: The associations of social isolation and loneliness with premature mortality are well known, but the risk factors linking them remain unclear. We sought to identify risk factors that might explain the increased mortality in socially isolated and lonely individuals. METHODS: We used prospective follow-up data from the UK Biobank cohort study to assess self-reported isolation (a three-item scale) and loneliness (two questions). The main outcomes were all-cause and cause-specific mortality...
June 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553795/disentangling-loneliness
#13
Johannes Beller, Adina Wagner
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether different measures of social disconnectedness-subjective loneliness, network quality, network size, living alone-have differential effects on the health of older adults. METHODS: We used a longitudinal sample of the German Aging Survey ( N = 4,184) and analyzed seven measures of health (life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, depression, cognitive performance, physical functioning, and pulmonary function) via regression analyses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528389/a-life-less-lonely-the-state-of-the-art-in-interventions-to-reduce-loneliness-in-people-with-mental-health-problems
#14
REVIEW
Farhana Mann, Jessica K Bone, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Johanna Frerichs, Vanessa Pinfold, Ruimin Ma, Jingyi Wang, Sonia Johnson
PURPOSE: There is growing evidence of significant harmful effects of loneliness. Relatively little work has focused on how best to reduce loneliness in people with mental health problems. We aim to present an overview of the current state of the art in loneliness interventions in people with mental health problems, identify relevant challenges, and highlight priorities for future research and implementation. METHODS: A scoping review of the published and grey literature was conducted, as well as discussions with relevant experts, to propose a broad classification system for types of interventions targeting loneliness...
June 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497208/the-detrimental-effects-of-adolescents-chronic-loneliness-on-motivation-and-emotion-regulation-in-social-situations
#15
Janne Vanhalst, Koen Luyckx, Stijn Van Petegem, Bart Soenens
In adolescence, when establishing and maintaining satisfying social relationships is a key developmental task, chronic loneliness is related to a host of negative outcomes. This study aimed at examining motivational and regulatory factors related to chronic loneliness. Specifically, this study investigated chronically lonely adolescents' responses to hypothetical vignettes of social inclusion and exclusion, thereby focusing on (a) adolescents' willingness and motivation to approach social inclusion and (b) emotion regulation strategies to deal with social exclusion...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491918/the-studying-multiple-outcomes-after-aural-rehabilitative-treatment-study-study-design-and-baseline-results
#16
Lingsheng Li, Caitlin Blake, Yoon Sung, Barnett Shpritz, David Chen, Dane J Genther, Joshua Betz, Frank R Lin
Hearing loss may affect critical domains of health and functioning in older adults. This article describes the rationale and design of the Studying Multiple Outcomes After Aural Rehabilitative Treatment (SMART) study, which was developed to determine to what extent current hearing rehabilitative therapies could mitigate the effects of hearing loss on health outcomes. One hundred and forty-five patients ≥50 years receiving hearing aids (HA) or cochlear implants (CI) were recruited from the Johns Hopkins Department of Otolaryngology-HNS...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487648/regional-brain-volumes-moderate-but-do-not-mediate-the-effects-of-group-based-exercise-training-on-reductions-in-loneliness-in-older-adults
#17
Diane K Ehlers, Ana M Daugherty, Agnieszka Z Burzynska, Jason Fanning, Elizabeth A Awick, Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Arthur F Kramer, Edward McAuley
Introduction: Despite the prevalence of and negative health consequences associated with perceived loneliness in older adults, few studies have examined interactions among behavioral, psychosocial, and neural mechanisms. Research suggests that physical activity and improvements in perceived social support and stress are related to reductions in loneliness. Yet, the influence of brain structure on these changes is unknown. The present study examined whether change in regional brain volume mediated the effects of changes in social support and stress on change in perceived loneliness after an exercise intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397978/-bringing-the-outside-world-in-enriching-social-connection-through-health-student-placements-in-a-teaching-aged-care-facility
#18
Michael J Annear, Kate-Ellen J Elliott, Laura T Tierney, Emma J Lea, Andrew Robinson
BACKGROUND: Older adults living in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) often experience limited opportunities for social connection despite close proximity to peers, which has implications for mental health and quality of life (QoL). The introduction of large-scale undergraduate health student placements in RACFs may enhance opportunities for meaningful engagement through social connection, although this remains unexplored. OBJECTIVE: This research explores whether interpersonal encounters between health students and RACF residents influence residents' opportunities for social connection and QoL...
October 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396407/life-skills-wealth-health-and-wellbeing-in-later-life
#19
Andrew Steptoe, Jane Wardle
Life skills play a key role in promoting educational and occupational success in early life, but their relevance at older ages is uncertain. Here we measured five life skills-conscientiousness, emotional stability, determination, control, and optimism-in 8,119 men and women aged 52 and older (mean 66.7 y). We show that the number of skills is associated with wealth, income, subjective wellbeing, less depression, low social isolation and loneliness, more close relationships, better self-rated health, fewer chronic diseases and impaired activities of daily living, faster walking speed, and favorable objective biomarkers (concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, vitamin D and C-reactive protein, and less central obesity)...
April 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393460/ageing-out-of-place-the-meaning-of-home-among-hispanic-older-persons-living-in-the-united-states
#20
Alicia Curtin, Diane C Martins, Catharina Gillsjö, Donna Schwartz-Barcott
AIM: To explore the meaning of home among older Hispanic immigrants who are "aging out of place." BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence supports the concept of older persons ageing in place. Nurse researchers have demonstrated that older person who age in place have better physical, psychological and cognitive outcomes. Less, however, is known about older persons who are "aging out of place," meaning out of their country of origin. With the growth of home health care, there is a need to understand the older immigrants' meaning of home when ageing out of their country of origin...
September 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
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