Read by QxMD icon Read

Gun carry

Shreya Ghosh, Alok Prasad Das
To extend the knowledge on the microbial diversity of manganese rich environments, we performed a clone library based study using metagenomic approach. Pyrosequencing based analysis of 16S rRNA genes were carried out on an Illumina platform to gain insights into the bacterial community inhabiting in a manganese mining site and the taxonomic profiles were correlated with the inherent capacities of these strains to solubilise manganese. The application of shot gun sequencing in this study yielded results which revealed the highest prevalence of Proteobacteria (42...
May 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Colleen L Barry, Daniel W Webster, Elizabeth Stone, Cassandra K Crifasi, Jon S Vernick, Emma E McGinty
OBJECTIVES: To compare public support for 24 different gun policies between gun owners and non-gun owners in 2017. METHODS: We fielded a national public opinion survey in January 2017 using an online panel to measure US adults' support for 24 gun policies. We compared support among gun owners and non-gun owners. RESULTS: For 23 of the 24 policies examined, most respondents supported restricting or regulating gun ownership. Only 8 of 24 policies had greater than a 10-point support gap between gun owners and non-gun owners...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Mohamed Ben-Eltriki, Subrata Deb, Mohamed Hassona, Gray Meckling, Ladan Fazli, Mei Yieng Chin, Nada Lallous, Takeshi Yamazaki, William Jia, Paul S Rennie, Artem Cherkasov, Emma S Tomlinson Guns
We have explored the effects of 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (aPPD), a naturally derived ginsenoside, against androgen receptor (AR) positive castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) xenograft tumors and have examined its interactions with AR. In silico docking studies for aPPD binding to AR, alongside transactivation bioassays and in vivo efficacy studies were carried out in the castration-resistant C4-2 xenograft model. Immunohistochemical (IHC) and Western blot analyses followed by evaluation of AR, apoptotic, cell cycle and proliferative markers in excised tumors was performed...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Hyojin Chae, Jeong Joong Lee, Kyoungho Cha, Su Hyun Her, Hyo-Young Kim, Eunhee Han, Myungshin Kim, Yonggoo Kim, Sung-Yeon Cho, Dong-Gun Lee
BACKGROUND: Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic that has become increasingly popular with the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The aim of the study was to develop and validate an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method for teicoplanin, and analyze trough teicoplanin concentrations achieved in patients with hematological diseases. METHODS: The UHPLC-MS/MS method for teicoplanin was developed, validated, and applied in a retrospective analysis of trough plasma teicoplanin concentrations from 305 patients receiving standard dose, and 17 patients receiving therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM)-guided individualized dose...
June 2018: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Michael D Stein, Shannon R Kenney, Bradley J Anderson, Genie L Bailey
INTRODUCTION: Despite ample research examining how alcohol use relates to gun involvement, little is known about the relationship between opioids and gun involvement. In the current study, we examined correlates of gun possession, accessibility, and related behaviors in an opioid dependent sample. METHODS: Between October 2016 and April 2017, we surveyed persons entering a brief, inpatient opioid detoxification (n = 386) and 51 contemporaneous persons seeking alcohol detoxification at the same facility in Massachusetts and recorded their lifetime experiences with gun involvement...
June 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Philip J Cook
Some law enforcement officials and other observers have asserted that theft is the primary source of guns to crime. In fact, the role of theft in supplying the guns used in robbery, assault, and murder is unknown, and current evidence provides little guidance about whether an effective program to reduce gun theft would reduce gun violence. The current article analyzes publicly available national data on gun theft together with a unique data set for Chicago. The results tend to support a conclusion that stolen guns play only a minor role in crime...
June 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Hyosun Lee, Dong-Uk Kim, Suyeon Lee, Song-Gun Kim, A-Young Park, Jae-Hyung Ahn, Jong-Ok Ka
A Gram-stain negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and yellow bacterium, designated TX0651T , was isolated from an automotive air-conditioning system. Phylogenetically, the strain groups with the members of the genus Flavisolibacter and exhibits high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Flavisolibacter ginsenosidimutans Gsoil 636T (97.4%), Flavisolibacter ginsengiterrae Gsoil 492T (96.3%) and Flavisolibacter ginsengisoli Gsoil 643T (96.2%). DNA-DNA relatedness between TX0651T and F. ginsenosidimutans KCTC 22818T and F...
April 18, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Jordan Beardslee, Edward Mulvey, Carol Schubert, Paul Allison, Arynn Infante, Dustin Pardini
OBJECTIVE: Although studies have found that youth exposed to violence are more likely to carry guns than non-exposed youth, this association could be due to common causal factors or other pre-existing differences between individuals. In this study, within-individual change models were used to determine whether juvenile offenders exhibit an increased propensity to carry a firearm after being exposed to gun violence and/or non-gun violence. The advantage of this approach is all time-invariant factors are eliminated as potential confounders...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Thomas Kamphausen, Katharina Janßen, Sibylle Banaschak, Markus Alexander Rothschild
From time to time, severe or fatal injuries caused by small caliber air rifle projectiles are seen. In forensic sciences, the theoretical wounding potential of these weapons and projectiles is widely known. Usually, shots against the skull were reported and, in these cases, penetrating the eyes or thin bone layers of the temporal region. Amongst a huge number of different projectiles available for air guns, sub-caliber 4.4-mm (.173) caliber steel ball projectiles were used in an unusual suicide case. This case led to fundamental questions concerning wound ballistics...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Hyojin Chae, Jeong Joong Lee, Kyoungho Cha, Su Hyun Her, Hyo-Young Kim, Eunhee Han, Myungshin Kim, Yonggoo Kim, Sung-Yeon Cho, Dong-Gun Lee
BACKGROUND: Teicoplanin is a glycopeptide antibiotic that has become increasingly popular with the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The aim of the study was to develop and validate a UHPLC-MS/MS (ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry) method for teicoplanin, and analyze trough teicoplanin concentrations achieved in patients with hematological diseases. METHODS: The UHPLC-MS/MS method for teicoplanin was developed, validated, and applied in a retrospective analysis of trough plasma teicoplanin concentrations from 305 patients receiving standard dose, and 17 patients receiving TDM-guided individualized dose...
February 27, 2018: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Sae-Geun Park, Yong-Cheol Jeong, Dae-Gun Kim, Min-Hyung Lee, Anna Shin, Geunhong Park, Jia Ryoo, Jiso Hong, Seohui Bae, Cheol-Hu Kim, Phill-Seung Lee, Daesoo Kim
As animals forage, they must obtain useful targets by orchestrating appropriate actions that range from searching to chasing, biting and carrying. Here, we reveal that neurons positive for the α subunit of Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKIIα) in the medial preoptic area (MPA) that send projections to the ventral periaqueductal gray (vPAG) mediate these target-directed actions in mice. During photostimulation of the MPA-vPAG circuit, mice vigorously engaged with 3D objects and chased moving objects...
March 2018: Nature Neuroscience
Leonardo Giorgi, Theodoros Dikonimos, Rossella Giorgi, Francesco Buonocore, Giuliana Faggio, Giacomo Messina, Nicola Lisi
This work demonstrates that upon anodic polarization in an aqueous fluoride-containing electrolyte, TiO2 nanotube array films can be formed with a well-defined crystalline phase, rather than an amorphous one. The crystalline phase was obtained avoiding any high temperature annealing. We studied the formation of nanotubes in an HF/H2 O medium and the development of crystalline grains on the nanotube wall, and we found a facile way to achieve crystalline TiO2 nanotube arrays through a one-step anodization. The crystallinity of the film was influenced by the synthesis parameters, and the optimization of the electrolyte composition and anodization conditions (applied voltage and time) were carried out...
March 2, 2018: Nanotechnology
James A Shepperd, Gabrielle Pogge, Joy E Losee, Nikolette P Lipsey, Liz Redford
All people share a need for safety. Yet people's pursuit of safety can conflict when it comes to guns, with some people perceiving guns as a means to safety and others perceiving guns as a threat to safety. We examined this conflict on a U.S. college campus that prohibits guns. We distinguished between people (N = 11,390) who (1) own a gun for protection, (2) own a gun exclusively for reasons other than protection (e.g., collecting, sports), and (3) do not own a gun. Protection owners felt less safe on campus and supported allowing guns on campus...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
Tansel Gunendi, Basak Erginel, Ercan Bastu, Ibrahim Kalelioglu, Recep Has, Feryal Gun Soysal, Erbug Keskin, Aladdin Celik, Tansu Salman
Aim: This study was designed to investigate the factors affecting the prognosis in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) who were treated in our clinic. These factors included prenatal lung-head ratio (LHR), prenatal stomach and liver presence in the thorax, blood gases in the first 24 h and the modified ventilation index (MVI). Material and methods: The study was carried out retrospectively in 30 neonates with prenatally diagnosed left CDH who were treated in our clinic between January 2007 and 2013...
September 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Tammy B Pham, Lana E Schapiro, Majnu John, Andrew Adesman
OBJECTIVES: To examine, in a large, nationally representative sample of high school students, the association between bullying victimization and carrying weapons to school and to determine to what extent past experience of 1, 2, or 3 additional indicators of peer aggression increases the likelihood of weapon carrying by victims of bullying (VoBs). METHODS: National data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey were analyzed for grades 9 to 12 ( N = 15 624). VoB groups were determined by self-report of being bullied at school and additional adverse experiences: fighting at school, being threatened or injured at school, and skipping school out of fear for one's safety...
December 2017: Pediatrics
Jordan Beardslee, Meagan Docherty, Edward Mulvey, Carol Schubert, Dustin Pardini
Adolescent gun violence is a serious public health issue that disproportionately affects young Black males. Although it has been postulated that differential exposure to childhood risk factors might account for racial differences in adolescent gun carrying, no longitudinal studies have directly examined this issue. We examined whether childhood risk factors indexing neighborhood crime, peer delinquency, and conduct problems predicted the initiation of adolescent gun carrying among a community sample of Black and White boys...
April 2018: Law and Human Behavior
Kaitlyn Brown, Katherine Fortenberry, Lisa Gren, Karen Gunning, Carrie McAdam-Marx
Objective: This study investigated the association between the presence of a mental health condition (MHC) diagnosis and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes in a primary care clinic network. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study compared adequate glycemic control (A1C <8.0%) in patients with type 2 diabetes with and without any MHC, as well as by MHC subtypes of depression or anxiety, bipolar or schizophrenia disorders, and substance use disorder...
November 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
John J Donohue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
Karen L Stals, Matthew Wakeling, Júlia Baptista, Richard Caswell, Andrew Parrish, Julia Rankin, Carolyn Tysoe, Garan Jones, Adam C Gunning, Hana Lango Allen, Lisa Bradley, Angela F Brady, Helena Carley, Jenny Carmichael, Bruce Castle, Deirdre Cilliers, Helen Cox, Charu Deshpande, Abhijit Dixit, Jacqueline Eason, Frances Elmslie, Andrew E Fry, Alan Fryer, Muriel Holder, Tessa Homfray, Emma Kivuva, Victoria McKay, Ruth Newbury-Ecob, Michael Parker, Ravi Savarirayan, Claire Searle, Nora Shannon, Deborah Shears, Sarah Smithson, Ellen Thomas, Peter D Turnpenny, Vinod Varghese, Pradeep Vasudevan, Emma Wakeling, Emma L Baple, Sian Ellard
OBJECTIVE: Rare genetic disorders resulting in prenatal or neonatal death are genetically heterogeneous, but testing is often limited by the availability of fetal DNA, leaving couples without a potential prenatal test for future pregnancies. We describe our novel strategy of exome sequencing parental DNA samples to diagnose recessive monogenic disorders in an audit of the first 50 couples referred. METHOD: Exome sequencing was carried out in a consecutive series of 50 couples who had 1 or more pregnancies affected with a lethal or prenatal-onset disorder...
January 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
Dmitry A Grishanov, Alexey A Mikhaylov, Alexander G Medvedev, Jenny Gun, Arun Nagasubramanian, Srinivasan Madhavi, Ovadia Lev, Petr V Prikhodchenko
High-charge-capacity sodium-ion battery anodes made of Sb2 Te3 @reduced graphene oxide are reported for the first time. Uniform nano-coating of graphene oxide is carried out from common sol of peroxotellurate and peroxoantimonate under room temperature processing. Reduction by hydrazine under glycerol reflux yields Sb2 Te3 @reduced graphene oxide. The electrodes exhibit exceptionally high volumetric charge capacity, above 2300mAhcm-3 at 100mAg-1 current density, showing very good rate capabilities and retaining 60% of this capacity even at 2000mAg-1 ...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"