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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743061/transitional-journeys-into-and-through-medical-education-for-first-in-family-fif-students-a-qualitative-interview-study
#1
Andrew Mark Bassett, Caragh Brosnan, Erica Southgate, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: There has been much interest in the transitions along the medical education continuum. However, little is known about how students from non-traditional backgrounds experience both the move to, and through Medical School, and their ambitions post-graduation. This research sought to understand the transitional journey into, and through undergraduate medical education, and future career aspirations for first-in-family (FiF) medical students. METHODS: Based on a interpretivist epistemological perspective, 20 FiF students from one English Medical School participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727317/the-international-partner-as-invited-guest-beyond-colonial-and-import-export-models-of-medical-education
#2
Cynthia Whitehead, Dawit Wondimagegn, Yonas Baheretibeb, Brian Hodges
The dominant model of international collaboration in medical education, both currently and in the past two centuries, is one of foreign (i.e., Euro-American) ownership and control. In this Invited Commentary, the authors provide a brief selected history of such international partnerships. They then focus on recent partnership models that have alternate structures. One of these is the collaborative partnership between Addis Ababa University (AAU) and the University of Toronto. This partnership is known as the Toronto Addis Ababa Academic Collaboration (TAAAC)...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710333/creating-entrustable-professional-activities-to-assess-internal-medicine-residents-in-training-a-mixed-methods-approach
#3
David R Taylor, Yoon Soo Park, Christopher A Smith, Jolanta Karpinski, William Coke, Ara Tekian
Background: Competency-based medical education has not advanced residency training as much as many observers expected. Some medical educators now advocate reorienting competency-based approaches to focus on a resident's ability to do authentic clinical work. Objective: To develop descriptions of clinical work for which internal medicine residents must gain proficiency to deliver meaningful patient care (for example, "Admit and manage a medical inpatient with a new acute problem")...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704054/restricted-working-hours-in-austrian-residency-programs-survey-results
#4
Konstantin D Bergmeister, Martin Aman, Bruno K Podesser
BACKGROUND: New regulations for working hours of medical doctors have been implemented in Austria based on the European directive 2003/88/EG, limiting on-duty working hours to 58 h per week. Clinical work is, therefore, substantially reduced compared to previous decades, and little is known on physician and students' opinions on this matter. We illustrate survey results concerning on-job training, its difficulties, and implications for restricted working hours. METHODS: We conducted an internal survey among M...
April 27, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619386/gender-preference-between-traditional-and-powerpoint-methods-of-teaching-gross-anatomy
#5
Saleh Nuhu, Lawan Hassan Adamu, Mohammed Alhaji Buba, Sani Hyedima Garba, Babagana Mohammed Dalori, Ashiru Hassan Yusuf
INTRODUCTION: Teaching and learning process is increasingly metamorphosing from the traditional chalk and talk to the modern dynamism in the information and communication technology. Medical education is no exception to this dynamism more especially in the teaching of gross anatomy, which serves as one of the bases of understanding the human structure. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the gender preference of preclinical medical students on the use of traditional (chalk and talk) and PowerPoint presentation in the teaching of gross anatomy...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581617/national-survey-of-international-electives-for-global-health-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-japan-2011-2014
#6
Tomio Suzuki, Hiroshi Nishigori
Interest in global health in medical education is increasing in Western countries, whereas data from non-Western countries is scarce. Here, we conducted a nationwide study of international clinical electives at Japanese medical schools from 2011 to 2013. We constructed a 28-item cross-sectional survey in Japanese to investigate the rate and characteristics of both Japanese students going abroad and international students coming on exchange to Japan. The surveys were sent to the administrative offices of all 80 Japanese medical schools in each of the three years, through the Japan Medical Education Foundation...
February 2018: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561691/dual-autonomies-divergent-approaches-how-stratification-in-medical-education-shapes-approaches-to-patient-care
#7
Tania M Jenkins
The United States relies on international and osteopathic medical graduates ("non-USMDs") to fill one third of residency positions because of a shortage of American MD graduates ("USMDs"). Non-USMDs are often informally excluded from top residency positions, while USMDs tend to fill the most prestigious residencies. Little is known, however, about whether the training in these different settings is comparable or how it impacts patients. Drawing on 23 months of ethnographic fieldwork and 123 interviews, I compare training at two internal medicine programs: a community hospital staffing 90% non-USMDs and a university hospital staffing 99% USMDs...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527966/transforming-medical-education-in-kazakhstan-successful-case-of-internationalization-from-karaganda-state-medical-university
#8
Viktor Riklefs, Gulmira Abakassova, Aliya Bukeyeva, Sholpan Kaliyeva, Bakhtiyar Serik, Alma Muratova, Raushan Dosmagambetova
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Kazakhstan has been literally transformed in the past 10 years. Kazakhstan inherited the Soviet-time discipline-based teacher-centered system of education when no decisions could be made independently. The curriculum was mostly governed in a traditional way, with lectures being the core, little use of e-learning tools, and assessment through oral exams and multiple-choice questions. Most of the universities still preserve the subject-based curriculum with elements of integrated learning...
March 11, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490527/steps-in-the-basic-clinical-skills-curriculum
#9
Liris Benjamin, Griffin Benjamin, Carlita Benjamin, Nancy Selfridge
PURPOSE: Historically medical curricula evolved through significant developmental milestones in teaching methodologies. This paper follows the growth chart of the basic clinical skills curriculum that occurred universally over the years, with emphasis on the last ten years of curricular steps at Ross University School of Medicine. METHODS: This is article is a literature review. It is a summary of the authors' opinions following review of prior publications and discussions with academic personnel involved in curricular development...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485484/what-regulatory-requirements-and-existing-structures-must-change-if-competency-based-time-variable-training-is-introduced-into-the-continuum-of-medical-education-in-the-united-states
#10
Jennifer R Kogan, Alison J Whelan, Larry D Gruppen, Lorelei A Lingard, Pim W Teunissen, Olle Ten Cate
As competency-based medical education is adopted across the training continuum, discussions regarding time-variable medical education have gained momentum, raising important issues that challenge the current regulatory environment and infrastructure of both undergraduate and graduate medical education in the United States. Implementing time-variable medical training will require recognizing, revising, and potentially reworking the multiple existing structures and regulations both internal and external to medical education that are not currently aligned with this type of system...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470477/m%C3%A4-ori-indigenous-health-framework-in-action-addressing-ethnic-disparities-in-healthcare
#11
Ibrahim S Al-Busaidi, Tania Huria, Suzanne Pitama, Cameron Lacey
There has been a steady increase in cultural competency training in medical education programmes worldwide. To provide high-quality culturally competent care and reduce health disparities between Māori and non-Māori in New Zealand, several health models have been devised. The Indigenous Health Framework (IHF), currently taught at the University of Otago, Christchurch undergraduate medical programme, is a tool developed to assist health professionals to broaden their range of clinical assessment and communicate effectively with Māori patients and whānau, thereby improving health outcomes and reducing disparities...
February 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420762/military-internal-medicine-resident-decision-to-apply-to-fellowship-and-extend-military-commitment
#12
Alice E Barsoumian, Joshua D Hartzell, Erin M Bonura, Roseanne A Ressner, Timothy J Whitman, Heather C Yun
Introduction: Nationally, the number of internal medicine physicians practicing in primary care has decreased amidst increasing interest in hospitalist medicine. Current priorities in the Military Health System include access to primary care and retention of trained personnel. Recently, we have conducted a study of military internal medicine residents' decision to enter infectious disease. As part of our larger effort, we saw an opportunity to characterize factors impacting decision making of internal medicine residents' desire to apply for subspecialty training and to extend active duty service obligations...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384261/the-status-of-dermoscopy-in-germany-results-of-the-cross-sectional-pan-euro-dermoscopy-study
#13
Andreas Blum, Jürgen Kreusch, Wilhelm Stolz, Giuseppe Argenziano, Ana-Maria Forsea, Del Marmol V, Iris Zalaudek, H Peter Soyer, Holger A Haenssle
BACKGROUND: Survey on the current status of dermoscopy in Germany. METHODS: In the context of a pan-European internet-based study (n = 7,480) conducted by the International Dermoscopy Society, 880 German dermatologists were asked to answer questions with respect to their level of training as well as their use and perceived benefit of dermoscopy. RESULTS: Seven hundred and sixty-two (86.6 %) participants practiced dermatology in a publicly funded health care setting; 98...
February 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344529/internationalization-of-medical-education-in-iran-a-way-towards-implementation-of-the-plans-of-development-and-innovation-in-medical-education
#14
Ehsan Shamsi Gooshki, Ata Pourabbasi, Hamid Akbari, Nima Rezaei, Ali Arab Kheradmand, Zahra Kheiry, Niloufar Peykari, Fatereh Momeni Javid, Firouzeh Hajipour, Bagher Larijani
Introduction: Academic institutions are the most important organizations for implementation of internationalization policies and practices for integrating an international, intercultural and global dimension in higher education system. Also, a globally increasing demand for higher education has been seen in the past two decades so that the number of students enrolled in higher education institutions in the worldwide nation-states has increased dramatically. The National Plan of International Development of Medical Education was designed with the aim of identifying available potentials in all the universities of medical sciences, encouraging the development of international standards of medical education, and planning for the utilization of the existing capacity in Islamic republic of Iran...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284217/strengths-weaknesses-opportunities-and-threats-analysis-of-integrating-the-world-health-organization-patient-safety-curriculum-into-undergraduate-medical-education-in-pakistan-a-qualitative-case-study
#15
Samreen Misbah, Usman Mahboob
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis of integrating the World Health Organization (WHO) patient safety curriculum into undergraduate medical education in Pakistan. METHODS: A qualitative interpretive case study was conducted at Riphah International University, Islamabad, from October 2016 to June 2017. The study included 9 faculty members and 1 expert on patient safety. The interviews were audiotaped, and a thematic analysis of the transcripts was performed using NVivo software...
2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261540/looking-back-to-move-forward-first-year-medical-students-meta-reflections-on-their-narrative-portfolio-writings
#16
Hetty Cunningham, Delphine Taylor, Urmi A Desai, Samuel C Quiah, Benjamin Kaplan, Lorraine Fei, Marina Catallozzi, Boyd Richards, Dorene F Balmer, Rita Charon
The day-to-day rigors of medical education often preclude learners from gaining a longitudinal perspective on who they are becoming. Furthermore, the current focus on competencies, coupled with concerning rates of trainee burnout and a decline in empathy, have fueled the search for pedagogic tools to foster students' reflective capacity. In response, many scholars have looked to the tradition of narrative medicine to foster "reflective spaces" wherein holistic professional identity construction can be supported...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228940/communicating-wisely-teaching-residents-to-communicate-effectively-with-patients-and-caregivers-about-unnecessary-tests
#17
Geetha Mukerji, Adina Weinerman, Sarah Schwartz, Adelle Atkinson, Lynfa Stroud, Brian M Wong
BACKGROUND: With rising healthcare costs and a focus on quality, there is a growing need to promote resource stewardship in medical education. Physicians need to be able to communicate effectively with patients/caregivers seeking tests and treatments that are unnecessary. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an interactive workshop on residents' knowledge of resource stewardship and communication skills when counseling patients/caregivers about requests for unnecessary testing. METHODS: Participants were 83 Internal Medicine and Pediatrics residents at the University of Toronto in 2014-15...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226222/learning-processes-and-learning-problems-in-german-postgraduate-medical-education
#18
Hendrik van den Bussche, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer, Stine Ziegler
Objective: In order to evaluate the quality of postgraduate medical education in Germany, we examined how the learning of theoretical and practical competencies is conceptualized and how the learning process takes place in real terms. The training conditions, as perceived by medical residents, are compared with the learning objectives, as stated by the Federal Chamber of Physicians in its regulation on postgraduate education. The analysis is based on the data of the "KarMed" study (abbreviation of "career progression and career breaks among physicians during postgraduate education"), a multicentre cohort study of medical school graduates from seven universities who arre followed until they receive their licenses as specialist physicians...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209759/-private-medical-education-in-germany
#19
REVIEW
Beatrix Schwörer, Frank Wissing
Through the years, a range of privately funded medical training opportunities has been established in Germany. Only a few of them operate along the German Medical Licensure Act and thus underlie quality assurance regulations in Germany. Most of the courses are a result of German hospitals cooperating with universities from other EU countries. The content of the courses and the examinations underlie the regulations of the university's home country. This article aims to give an overview of the private medical training opportunities offered in Germany and to show differences compared to state funded German medical schools...
February 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178949/valued-experiences-of-graduate-students-in-their-role-as-educators-in-undergraduate-training-in-ugandan-medical-schools
#20
Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Jannat Kasozi, Aluonzi Burani, Wycliff Byona, Claude Kirimuhuzya, Sarah Kiguli
BACKGROUND: In most medical schools, graduate students, sometimes referred to as graduate teaching assistants, often participate in the training of undergraduate students. In developing countries like Uganda, are typically involved in undergraduate training. However, prior to this study there were no standard guidelines for this involvement. At the same time, the views and experiences of the graduate students in their role as educators had not been documented. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the views and experiences of graduate students about their involvement in undergraduate training in three Ugandan medical schools...
November 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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