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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103722/accreditation-of-medical-schools-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#1
S A Alrebish, B C Jolly, E K Molloy
CONTEXT: The accreditation of undergraduate medical education is a universal undertaking. Despite the widespread adoption of accreditation processes and an increasing focus on accreditation as a mechanism to ensure minimum standards are met in various fields, there is little evidence to support the effectiveness of accreditation. Traditionally, accreditation has worked toward achieving two ends: assuring and improving quality. Many recent articles emphasize the need for continuous quality improvement mechanisms to work, as well as the quality assurance role of accreditation...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031600/medical-curriculum-and-pharmacology-an-appraisal
#2
P S R K Haranath
Pharmacology was introduced with Western Medical Education in India in 1900s. RN Chopra was the first Professor of Pharmacology along with patient care in School of Tropical Medicine Calcutta. Now Pharmacologists do not have clinical care nor give laboratory services to hospitals. Medical Education advanced in the West in 1960s with more emphasis on Integrated Teaching and Student Self-study and less on didactic lectures. System Based Learning and Problem Based Learning reduced importance of individual subjects...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018541/feasibility-of-a-comprehensive-wellness-and-suicide-prevention-program-a-decade-of-caring-for-physicians-in-training-and-practice
#3
Sydney Ey, Mary Moffit, J Mark Kinzie, Patrick H Brunett
BACKGROUND : Comprehensive treatment models reduce distress and suicide risk in military, university, and community populations, but are not well studied with in medical trainees and physicians in practice. Physicians face unique internal and external barriers that limit access to psychological or psychiatric treatment, which may contribute to higher rates of burnout, depression, and suicide. OBJECTIVE : Our goal is to report on the feasibility and utilization of a wellness and suicide prevention program for residents, fellows, and faculty in an academic health center...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990467/analysis-of-educational-research-at-a-medical-faculty-in-germany-and-suggestions-for-strategic-development-a-case-study
#4
Sarah Prediger, Sigrid Harendza
Background: Evidence-based medical education is playing an increasingly important role in the choice of didactic methods and the development of medical curricula and assessments. In Germany, a growing number of educational research projects has accompanied an ongoing change in the medical education process. The aim of this project was to assess medical education research activities at one medical faculty to develop procedural recommendations for the support and development of best evidence medical education...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968823/10-year-trends-in-the-production-and-attrition-of-chinese-medical-graduates-an-analysis-of-nationwide-data
#5
Selina S Lien, Russell O Kosik, Angela P Fan, Lei Huang, Xudong Zhao, Xiaojie Chang, Yuhwa Wang, Qi Chen
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, China's systems of medical education and health care have undergone unprecedented reform. Despite these reforms, a trend of declining interest among medical graduates in pursuing careers in clinical practice has persisted. The aim of this analysis is to examine physician workforce production and attrition rates and use current trends to predict whether an adequate and equitable supply of physicians will exist in the future. METHODS: We analysed data about Chinese medical graduates and physicians in clinical practice between 2005 and 2015 using the Chinese National Health and Family Planning Commission reports and yearbooks published by the government of China and the Peking Union Medical College...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923090/association-between-end-of-rotation-resident-transition-in-care-and-mortality-among-hospitalized-patients
#6
Joshua L Denson, Ashley Jensen, Harry S Saag, Binhuan Wang, Yixin Fang, Leora I Horwitz, Laura Evans, Scott E Sherman
Importance: Shift-to-shift transitions in care among house staff are associated with adverse events. However, the association between end-of-rotation transition (in which care of the patient is transferred) and adverse events is uncertain. Objective: To examine the association of end-of-rotation house staff transitions with mortality among hospitalized patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective multicenter cohort study of patients admitted to internal medicine services (N = 230 701) at 10 university-affiliated US Veterans Health Administration hospitals (2008-2014)...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917782/proceedings-of-peer-reviewed-and-selected-articles-from-turgut-ozal-university-faculty-of-medicine-7th-international-student-congress
#7
Furkan S Ceylan
Turgut Ozal University Scientific Research Committee (TOBAT) was established in at the Turgut Ozal University Faculty of Medicine in 2009 to encourage young medical students and scientists to carry out novel scientific research in addition to their medical education. Every year a Committee (Chair, Student Member and Scientific and Social Committees and Advisory Chair) is set up by the volunteer students and their advisors as chair, general secretary, scientific and social committee with the help of previous year's committee to organize the congress, with the help of previous year's Committee...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907982/learners-perspective-where-and-when-pre-residency-trainees-learn-more-to-achieve-their-core-clinical-competencies
#8
Eusang Ahn, Ducksun Ahn, Young-Mee Lee
PURPOSE: While it is known that effective clinical education requires active involvement of its participants, regular feedback, communication skills and interprofessional training, limited studies have been conducted in Korea that demonstrate how pre-residency trainees acquire their core clinical skills. This is a cross-sectional study of interns and students across a third-tier university hospital in Korea to examine where and when they acquire core clinical skills. METHODS: A total of 74 students and 91 interns were asked to participate in a closed-ended questionnaire, and 50 participants (20 students and 30 interns) were involved in semistructured individual interviews...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896846/international-study-of-medical-school-learning-environments-and-their-relationship-with-student-well-being-and-empathy
#9
Sean Tackett, Scott Wright, Robert Lubin, Jianing Li, Hui Pan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether favourable perceptions of the learning environment (LE) were associated with better quality of life, less burnout and more empathy across three undergraduate medical education programmes in Israel, Malaysia and China. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were administered at the end of the 2013-2014 academic year at three medical schools: Technion American Medical Students Program (TAMS) in Israel, Perdana University-Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland School of Medicine (PURCSI) in Malaysia and Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) in China...
November 29, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895827/malawian-impressions-of-expatriate-physicians-a-qualitative-study
#10
Natasha Parekh, Adam P Sawatsky, Ihunanya Mbata, Adamson S Muula, Thuy Bui
BACKGROUND: In many low-income countries, including Malawi, expatriate physicians serve diverse roles in clinical care, education, mentorship, and research. A significant proportion of physicians from high-income countries have global health experience. Despite the well-known benefits of global health experiences for expatriates, little is known about local physician and trainee impressions of their expatriate counterparts. The objective of this study was to explore University of Malawi College of Medicine (COM) physicians' and trainees' impressions of expatriate physicians...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844198/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-curriculum-content-and-delivery
#11
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
Resident and physician health are increasingly recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and its CanMEDS framework as integral to residency training in Canada. Resident stress, burnout, and depression also have implications for patient care. Although curricula have been advocated to promote resident wellness and resilience, no such published curricula exist to guide programs in addressing these needs. The purpose of this article is to describe the curriculum content and delivery of the Anesthesiology Residency Wellness Program (ARWP) at the University of Saskatchewan...
November 14, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785345/workshop-summaries-from-the-2015-sex-and-gender-medical-education-summit-utilization-of-sex-and-gender-based-medical-education-resources-and-creating-student-competencies
#12
EDITORIAL
Alyson J McGregor, Ana Núñez, Rebecca Barron, Robert Casanova, Eliza Lo Chin
BACKGROUND: Despite overwhelming evidence that sex and gender are critical factors in the delivery and practice of medicine, there is no unified sex- and gender-based medicine (SGBM) undergraduate medical education curriculum. Two Workshops within the 2015 Sex and Gender Medical Education Summit: a Roadmap to Curricular Innovation sought to lay the framework for such a curriculum. METHODS: Attendees to the Sex and Gender Educational Summit self-selected attendance for one of two Workshops: (A) Utilization of SGBM Resources in U...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729824/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-ambulatory-care-learning-educational-environment-measure-acleem-questionnaire-shiraz-iran
#13
Mohammad Mahdi Parvizi, Mitra Amini, Mohammad Reza Dehghani, Peyman Jafari, Zahra Parvizi
PURPOSE: Evaluation is the main component in design and implementation of educational activities and rapid growth of educational institution programs. Outpatient medical education and clinical training environment is one of the most important parts of training of medical residents. This study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of the Persian version of Ambulatory Care Learning Educational Environment Measure (ACLEEM) questionnaire, as an instrument for assessment of educational environments in residency medical clinics...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680318/integrating-theory-content-and-method-to-foster-critical-consciousness-in-medical-students-a-comprehensive-model-for-cultural-competence-training
#14
Diane K Dao, Adeline L Goss, Andrew S Hoekzema, Lauren A Kelly, Alexander A Logan, Sanjiv D Mehta, Utpal N Sandesara, Michelle R Munyikwa, Horace M DeLisser
Many efforts to design introductory "cultural competence" courses for medical students rely on an information delivery (competence) paradigm, which can exoticize patients while obscuring social context, medical culture, and power structures. Other approaches foster a general open-minded orientation, which can remain nebulous without clear grounding principles. Medical educators are increasingly recognizing the limitations of both approaches and calling for strategies that reenvision cultural competence training...
September 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678418/using-foreign-virtual-patients-with-medical-students-in-germany-are-cultural-differences-evident-and-do-they-impede-learning
#15
Jens Walldorf, Tina Jähnert, Norman B Berman, Martin R Fischer
BACKGROUND: Learning with virtual patients (VPs) is considered useful in medical education for fostering clinical reasoning. As the authoring of VPs is highly demanding, an international exchange of cases might be desirable. However, cultural differences in foreign VPs might hamper learning success. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the need for support for using VPs from the United States at a German university, with respect to language and cultural differences. Our goal was to better understand potential implementation barriers of a intercultural VP exchange...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646528/preparing-anesthesiology-faculty-for-competency-based-medical-education
#16
Amy B Fraser, Emma J Stodel, Robert Jee, Daniel A Dubois, Alan J Chaput
PURPOSE: Competency-based medical education (CBME) is quickly becoming the dominant organizing principle for medical residency programs. As CBME requires changes in the way medical education is delivered, faculty will need to acquire new skills in teaching and assessment in order to navigate the transition. In this paper, we examine the evidence supporting best practices in faculty development, propose strategies for faculty development for CBME-based residency programs, and discuss the results of faculty development initiatives at the pioneering anesthesia CBME residency program at the University of Ottawa...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598961/grigoris-lambrakis-1912-1963-a-greek-obstetrician-and-world-renowned-activist
#17
REVIEW
Ioannis D Gkegkes, Marianna Karamanou, Paraskevi-Evangelia Iavazzo, Xanthi-Ekaterini D Gkegke, George Androutsos, Christos Iavazzo
Grigoris Lambrakis was a Greek politician, doctor, athlete, and faculty member of the Medical School of Athens University. As an athlete, Lambrakis held the Greek record for long jump for twenty-three years and he also won several gold medals in the Balkan Athletic Games. Lambrakis received an excellent medical education. As lecturer at the University of Athens, Lambrakis became a pioneer of Gynecological Endocrinology. His philanthropy was always evident during his medical career, but he also consistently attended international pacifist meetings and demonstrations...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565709/building-blocks-for-social-accountability-a-conceptual-framework-to-guide-medical-schools
#18
Robyn Preston, Sarah Larkins, Judy Taylor, Jenni Judd
BACKGROUND: This paper presents a conceptual framework developed from empirical evidence, to guide medical schools aspiring towards greater social accountability. METHODS: Using a multiple case study approach, seventy-five staff, students, health sector representatives and community members, associated with four medical schools, participated in semi-structured interviews. Two schools were in Australia and two were in the Philippines. These schools were selected because they were aspiring to be socially accountable...
August 26, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493908/comparing-nurses-knowledge-retention-following-electronic-continuous-education-and-educational-booklet-a-controlled-trial-study
#19
Mahmud Badiei, Mitra Gharib, Mitra Zolfaghari, Rita Mojtahedzadeh
BACKGROUND: Training methods that enhance nurses' learning and retention will increase the quality of patient care. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of electronic learning and educational booklet on the nurses' retention of diabetes updates. METHODS: In this controlled trial study, convenience sampling was used to select 123 nurses from the endocrinology and internal medicine wards of three hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences (Tehran, Iran)...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439977/improving-ambulatory-training-in-internal-medicine-x%C3%A2-%C3%A2-y-or-why-not
#20
Alaka Ray, Danielle Jones, Kerri Palamara, Maryann Overland, Kenneth P Steinberg
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirement that internal medicine residents spend one-third of their training in an ambulatory setting has resulted in programmatic innovation across the country. The traditional weekly half-day clinic model has lost ground to the block or "X + Y" clinic model, which has gained in popularity for many reasons. Several disadvantages of the block model have been reported, however, and residency programs are caught between the threat of old and new challenges...
December 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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