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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764339/determination-of-plasma-concentrations-of-organochlorine-pesticides-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-in-pet-cats-and-dogs
#1
Oguzhan Yavuz, Handan Hilal Arslan, Cagatay Esin, Yavuz Kursad Das, Abdurrahman Aksoy
The aim of this study was the determination of plasma concentrations of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in cats and dogs and evaluation of their prevalence and possible effects. The concentrations of nine OCPs, such as α-hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), β-HCH, γ-HCH, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), aldrin, 2,4'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (2,4'-DDT), 4,4'-DDT, 2,4'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (2,4'-DDE) and 4,4'-DDE and 16 PCBs (PCB-28, -52, -70, -74, -81, -99, -101, -118, -138, -153, -156, -170, -180, -183, -187 and -208) were evaluated in the plasma samples of pet cats ( n = 15) and dogs ( n = 21)...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614123/china-s-science-technology-engineering-and-mathematics-stem-research-environment-a-snapshot
#2
Xueying Han, Richard P Appelbaum
In keeping with China's President Xi Jinping's "Chinese Dream," China has set a goal of becoming a world-class innovator by 2050. China's higher education Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) research environment will play a pivotal role in influencing whether China is successful in transitioning from a manufacturing-based economy to an innovation-driven, knowledge-based economy. Past studies on China's research environment have been primarily qualitative in nature or based on anecdotal evidence...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548290/specialty-preference-and-intentions-to-study-abroad-of-syrian-medical-students-during-the-crisis
#3
Bisher Sawaf, Fatima Abbas, Amr Idris, Tareq Al Saadi, Nazir Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Little research addresses how medical students develop their choice of specialty training in crisis and resource-poor settings. The newly graduated medical students determine the future of the healthcare system. This study aims to elucidate the factors influencing Syrian medical students' specialty selection and students' intentions to study abroad. METHODS: A cross-sectional study carried out at the universities of Damascus, Al-Kalamoon and the Syrian Private University in Syria using self-administered questionnaire to investigate medical students' specialty preferences and plans for career future...
March 16, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546966/a-nurse-researcher-s-guide-to-reflexive-interviewing
#4
Holly Lear, Winifred Eboh, Lesley Diack
BACKGROUND: In a wider doctoral study related to unfavourable experiences of nursing students studying abroad, the researcher undertook a reflexive interview to reduce the potential for bias. AIM: To discuss a method for conducting reflexive interviews and recommend their use to nurse researchers. DISCUSSION: A reflexive interview was undertaken to reduce bias and pilot an original interview instrument. A senior researcher interviewed the researcher using original questions that would be used to interview participants in the wider doctoral study...
March 16, 2018: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501859/career-intentions-of-phd-students-in-nursing-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
XiaoLing Bai, ZhongChen Luo, Ting Lou, Jin Pang, SiYuan Tang
BACKGROUND: Despite the rapid growth of Chinese nursing PhD programs, little is known about the career intentions of students in this field. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the career intentions of nursing PhD students. DESIGN: Online cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing PhD students at Chinese universities. METHODS: An online questionnaire was designed and the data were analyzed using SPSS...
May 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446533/forms-of-capital-and-habitus-in-the-decision-to-go-on-academic-exchange
#6
Wolfgang Lehmann, Holly Trower
Although Canadian universities have made internationalization a strategic priority, only few Canadian students currently participate in any international study opportunities. Drawing on interviews with Canadian students who were about to spend some of their undergraduate education abroad as exchange students, or had recently returned from a study exchange, we argue that despite the importance of relatively high costs associated with international study experiences, cultural factors play a more important role in enabling the decision to study abroad...
February 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405877/understanding-contributing-factors-to-verbal-coercion-while-studying-abroad
#7
Tiffany Marcantonio, D J Angelone, Meredith Joppa
OBJECTIVE: Verbal coercion (VC) is a common sexual assault (SA) tactic whereby men and women can be victims or perpetrators. College study abroad students report engagement in casual sex, alcohol consumption, and immersion in a sexualized environment (eg, an environment that supports or encourages sexual activity); factors highly associated with SA in general. The purpose of this study was to examine casual sex, alcohol use, and sexualized environments with VC victimization (VCV) and perpetration (VCP) while abroad...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340208/are-they-publishing-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-profile-and-bibliometric-analysis-of-the-journal-publication-productivity-of-italian-physiotherapists
#8
Stefano Vercelli, Elisa Ravizzotti, Matteo Paci
Background: In a clinical science-based profession such as physiotherapy, research is mandatory to update knowledge and to provide cost-effective, high quality treatments. This study aimed to provide point prevalence of Italian physiotherapists who are academics, holding a PhD degree, or being authors of scientific papers. The scientific journal productivity of physiotherapists was also thoroughly analyzed. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on all Italian physiotherapists...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241398/effects-of-exposure-and-vowel-space-distribution-on-phonetic-drift-evidence-from-american-english-learners-of-french
#9
Benjamin Lang, Lisa Davidson
Recent work by Chang has shown that even at the very earliest stages of second language (L2) acquisition, the phonetic implementation of speakers' native English phoneme categories is slightly modified by contact with L2 Korean, which is referred to as "phonetic drift." This study investigates whether rapid phonetic drift generalizes to another pairing of languages. We examined naïve American English learners of French, who were recorded producing both American English and French vowels after one and six weeks of a study abroad program in Paris...
December 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227907/exploring-migration-intention-of-nursing-students-in-nepal-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Chandra Poudel, Lucie Ramjan, Bronwyn Everett, Yenna Salamonson
The objective of this study was to assess the migration intention of students enrolled in pre-registration nursing programs in Nepal, and to explore factors influencing this intention. Using an embedded mixed methods design, 799 nursing students were surveyed, followed by 12 semi-structured face-to-face interviews. The result showed that the majority (92.5%) expressed some intention to migrate, with three quarters of these listed furthering their study abroad as the primary reason. In the multiple regression analysis, those with lower professional identity, and those who reported nursing was not their first choice were likely to express migration intention...
March 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169351/-we-have-been-forced-to-move-away-from-home-print-news-coverage-of-canadians-studying-abroad-at-caribbean-offshore-medical-schools
#11
Jeffrey Morgan, Valorie A Crooks, Jeremy Snyder
BACKGROUND: Canadian international medical graduates are Canadian-citizens who have graduated from a medical school outside of Canada or the United States. A growing number of Canadians enroll in medical school abroad, including at Caribbean offshore medical schools. Often, Canadians studying medicine abroad attempt to return to Canada for postgraduate residency training and ultimately to practice. METHODS: The authors conducted a qualitative media analysis to discern the dominant themes and ideologies that frame discussion of offshore medical schools, and the Canadian medical students they graduate, in the Canadian print news...
November 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168962/assessment-of-anxiety-in-adolescents-involved-in-a-study-abroad-program-a-prospective-study
#12
Yulia Roitblat, Ryan Cleminson, Aaron Kavin, Edan Schonberger, Michael Shterenshis
Objective The aim of the study was to measure the effects on levels of anxiety in healthy teenagers caused by a temporary change of country and school during a study abroad program. Methods In a prospective study we gathered the data from six anxiety level related tests on high school participants in a study abroad program (age 15-17, n = 364, M 172, F 192). These volunteer participants were divided into two separate groups: with self-reported elevated levels of anxiety (n = 111; YES-group) and with self-reported normal levels of anxiety (n = 253; NO-group)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157572/long-term-effects-on-nursing-alumni-assessing-a-course-in-public-and-global-health
#13
Sheri P Palmer, Karen Lundberg, Karen de la Cruz, Cheryl Corbett, Sondra Heaston, Shelly Reed, Mary Williams
The impact of a cultural awareness course among nursing students may affect the particular person for years to come. Cultural awareness can be taught via many methods, often requiring study abroad and/or extreme investment of time, money and effort. There is little research on sustained effects on nursing alumni from such a course. The purpose of this descriptive survey study was to determine the long term outcomes of a cultural awareness course and 2) compare the long term effects between alumni who went abroad and those who chose to complete the course locally...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129984/intercultural-competency-development-of-health-professions-students-during-study-abroad-in-india
#14
Claire A Richards, Ardith Z Doorenbos
Objective: Short-term international health-related study abroad seminars for health-professions students are increasingly popular because of a focus in higher education on global awareness and intercultural competency. This study describes a study abroad strategy to teach students intercultural communication skills and knowledge, and evaluated the effectiveness of a 3-week health-related study abroad program and intercultural competency curriculum in increasing skills and knowledge of health-profession students...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117734/risk-factors-for-a-delay-in-medical-education-results-of-an-online-survey-among-four-german-medical-schools
#15
Jens Walldorf, Martin R Fischer
BACKGROUND: Delayed study progress in medical school is a challenging issue for the tax paying community, the faculty and the medical students themselves. Reasons for a delay might be different from known risk factors for academic difficulties. METHODS: An online survey regarding delays in the study progress and including a personality test (BFI-10) was presented to medical students from four German medical schools after completion of their 3rd year of study. RESULTS: Of 617 students, 51...
January 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057778/survey-of-careers-and-achievements-on-delegates-in-jsrt-international-delegation-projects
#16
Masato Kobayashi, Rie Tanaka, Kosuke Matsubara, Shigeaki Morioka, Katsumi Tsujioka, Hidetaka Arimura, Katsuhiko Ueda, Akio Ogura, Tosiaki Miyati
Japanese society of radiological technology (JSRT) categorizes three international delegation projects; short-term studying abroad program (STSAP), international academic society visit program (overseas) (IASVP), and international internship visit program (Stanford University) (IIVP) for driving globalization of JSRT. In this survey, we conducted a questionnaire evaluating effectiveness of the international delegations. The survey covered 50 delegates of STSAP, 180 delegates of IASVP, and 100 delegates of IIVP...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025807/examination-outcomes-and-work-locations-of-international-medical-graduate-family-medicine-residents-in-canada
#17
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
OBJECTIVE: To describe the postgraduate medical education (PGME) examination outcomes and work locations of international medical graduates (IMGs); and to identify differences between Canadians studying abroad (CSAs) and non-CSAs. DESIGN: Cohort study using data from the National IMG Database and Scott's Medical Database. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All IMGs who had first entered a family medicine residency program between 2005 and 2009, with the exclusion of US graduates, visa trainees, and fellowship trainees...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987457/migration-intentions-among-portuguese-junior-doctors-results-from-a-survey
#18
Pedro Ramos, Hélio Alves
Migration of health personnel during periods of economic crisis represents a challenge for policymakers in origin and destination countries. Portugal is going through a period of economic hardship and much has been speculated about an increase in junior doctors' migration during this period. Using a questionnaire administered to a sample of Portuguese junior doctors who were still in the general residency (1st-year after medical school), we aim at determining the prevalence of migration intentions among Portuguese junior doctors and to identify the most important drivers of career choice for those who are considering emigrating in the near future...
September 28, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876438/influence-of-short-term-study-abroad-experiences-on-community-health-baccalaureate-students
#19
Lynelle Philips, Tina Bloom, Tammie Gainey, Ellen Chiocca
BACKGROUND: Very short study abroad programs may be most feasible in undergraduate nursing programs, but little research describes their value for prospective nurses. The narratives of senior baccalaureate nursing students (N = 62) who traveled for 2 weeks to Cape Coast, Ghana, between semesters for a faculty-led community health clinical experience were analyzed. METHOD: Students responded to pre- and posttravel semi-structured, open-ended prompts regarding expectations and perceptions of culture, health, and happiness...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732210/nursing-as-universal-and-recognisable-nursing-students-perceptions-of-learning-outcomes-from-intercultural-peer-learning-webinars-a-qualitative-study
#20
Elisabeth Carlson, Marie Stenberg, Bessie Chan, Sukki Ho, Timothy Lai, Arkers Wong, Engle Angela Chan
Nursing students need to be prepared for the increasingly culturally diverse health care. Therefore, providing students with international perspectives remains the mission of higher education. However, given the logistic and financial constraints, not all students will be able to travel overseas for their international experiences. A feasible alternative to study abroad is internationalisation-at-home where intercultural dimensions are incorporated into curriculum, without students leaving their home universities...
October 2017: Nurse Education Today
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